Crop production

Growing a melon "Torpedo" on its own site

Melon Torpedo hails from Asia Minor. It was there that the variety was grown for a long time. Later, it began to be cultivated in Central and East Asia, as well as Europe.

It has excellent transportable qualities, it is grown primarily for personal use, sales, but it is also used for processing - preparing dishes, preparations for the winter.

Description melon torpedo

Late variety, ripens by the end of August. The plant is branched, has a lot of lashes, so care requires serious. Fruits elongated to 30-40 cm. The weight of each can is 6-10 kg, but there are also champions under 15 kg, although this is rare.

Fruits at the Torpedo elongated to 30-40 cm. The weight of each melon is 6-10 kg

The color of the peel is light yellow, dirty, there is a mild, shallow, vein net.

The thickness of the peel depends on the degree of maturation of the fetus, but in principle varies in average values. The flesh is white, sweet, honey, when cutting oozing.

There is a pronounced, strong and pleasant aroma.

Seeds or seedlings?

Torpedo type melon is grown from seed or seedlings. It all depends on the climate of the area. In hot regions, seeds can be sown directly in open ground, but if the temperatures are moderate, seedlings are used. The seedling method allows you to quickly get a harvest.

When sowing seeds in open ground, they need to be pre-soaked or germinated, wrapped in a wet, cotton cloth. Before sowing, they are aged for 15 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Seedlings are prepared from mid or late April. Before landing in the ground, at least 1 month must pass, then the sprouts will already gain strength, and the weather will normalize.

The melon seedling does not practice picking, so the seeds are immediately planted in separate peat cups to a depth of 1-1.5 cm. The mixture of soil should be 1 part peat, 1 part sand and 2 parts humus.

Before sowing their seeds should be soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate or ash for 6 hours.

After planting, the cups are covered with foil and placed in a dark place at a temperature of 25 degrees Celsius - not lower! When shoots appear, the cups are rearranged on the window sill, veranda or balcony.

Now they only need timely watering. Approximately 2 weeks before planting in the open land, it is worthwhile to harden the seedlings.

To do this, during the day, sprouts can be taken out onto the street, and at night just open the window leaf.

How to plant a melon?

Melon Torpedo grows best in a hot climate, but in a moderate climate it can be really grown if you use a greenhouse or greenhouse. A place for landing is chosen the sunniest on the site or the lightest in the greenhouse. Even insignificant blackouts can harm sprouts.

Before planting, they dig up the earth and fertilize it. Make it better in the fall so that the fertilizer can be re-ground and absorbed by the soil.

Peat and humus are used as fertilizer. If planting is carried out in a greenhouse, it is worth preparing a mixture of peat and black soil in the ratio of 3: 1.

Sowing seeds in open ground or greenhouse is carried out in May, and seedlings - in June.

When planting in open ground, or in the greenhouse, the seeds are embedded at a depth of 2 cm and at a distance of 50 cm from each other. Between the beds should be at least 70 cm of space.

If seedlings are planted, the distance between plants and beds is the same 50 and 70 cm. The wells are moistened before planting, and peat cups are placed in them. The root collar is not worth digging.

You can put some ash or fertilizer in the hole under the landing, but this is not necessary if the land was fertilized in the fall.

After planting the seedlings, the ground is mulched on top with a thin layer of simple sand, read the rules for planting melons on the seedlings here - https://fermerok.info/kak-posadit-dynyu-na-rassadu

How to grow to care for melon?

As the plant grows, it is provided with regular watering with warm water, loosening the earth. When the flowering begins and the ripening of the fruit is reduced, it is necessary for the crop to be sweet.

  • Once a month, the plant is treated with a solution of cow dung, if the melon is grown in the greenhouse, then it needs special feeding.
  • Culture can be left to creep along the ground or tie up so that the stem curls upwards. The second option is most often used in greenhouses. In the case of using garters, the light will evenly fall on the melons, which will favorably affect their taste.
  • When torpedo melons grow, each fruit is placed in a net and tied to the top if the trellis method is used. If you leave the melons to hang on their own, under a significant load the whip will simply come off. If the plant creeps, then a mulch from cardboard, straw or similar material is put under each melon so that the fruit does not rot when it touches the ground.
  • If in the southern regions you can get an abundance of the crop without serious care. Something more cold requires artificially reducing yields in order to get tasty melons. 1-3 lashes are selected for this, the rest are pinned when 5 leaves appear. It is important to ensure that there are no more than 4 ovaries on each lash, but less is better, otherwise the torpedo melon will grow small, not sweet. Means for processing melons
  • From time to time, melons are treated with fungicides, complex action insecticides to reduce the risk of diseases or pests. Among the good funds can be identified "Fufanon", "Kemifos", "Inta-Vir", "Previkur", "Healer".

Melon Torpedo: description and characteristics of growing varieties

Uzbek melon Torpedo has an elongated, sometimes strongly elongated shape, for which it probably received such an unusual name.

The peel of ripe fruit is yellow, uniform in color, completely covered with a grayish mesh pattern.

The flesh is white or creamy, slightly oily, very delicate texture, delicious honey-sweet taste, exudes a light vanilla flavor.

Torpedo bush can not be called compact. Its whips are powerful, strongly expanding, reaching a length of 2 meters or more - which is why the cultivation of this variety often takes place on supports.

This method helps the fruit to ripen more quickly and prevents their damage from contact with the ground. Torpedo melons grow better in their homeland, where it is hot and dry.

There, their weight can reach 15 kg, but in a temperate continental climate, fruits rarely reach even 5 kg.

Main characteristics

Variety Torpedo is late ripening. In a European climate, fruits ripen in 90–100 days.

In hot Uzbekistan and other countries of Central Asia, they are able to ripen in a shorter period - by mid-August.

Due to the dense, albeit thin peel, melons are well stored and transported over long distances. In cool dry conditions in a suspended state their storage is possible until spring.

Taste qualities and useful properties of fruits deserve special attention. Mature Torpedo melon is considered one of the most delicious and healthy among all Asian varieties.

Its pulp contains many useful substances: vitamins, minerals, pectins, fiber, carotene, acids and enzymes.

90% melon consists of water, so it is easy to quench thirst.

The nutritional value of ripe torpedo melon is only 35 kcal / 100 g of product. This is a small figure, although among other varieties it is the highest.

Due to this calorie melon Torpedo in their homeland are considered to be a full-fledged independent product that can be used by absolutely everyone, adults and children, because its pulp is easily digestible carbohydrates, giving the body strength and energy.

How to choose a melon

In countries where the torpedo grows, the child can even pick the most ripe and sweet from a huge heap.

But the situation is quite different with urban residents, most of whom see them only in supermarkets or in markets.

How to choose a ripe torpedo melon, so as not to be disappointed with your purchase? Perhaps the following guidelines will help you with this:

  • firstly, you should not buy a melon before the beginning of September - the fruits that have appeared on sale in the summer, as a rule, are grown with the use of substances that accelerate ripening
  • the color of the peel should be uniform yellow - orange peel is a sign of excess urea in the soil, greenish spots indicate a lack of ripeness of the fetus, green vein is a sign of accumulation of nitrates, dark spots on the melon indicate that it began to deteriorate,
  • when we choose a ripe melon Torpedo, pay attention to the condition of the peel - it should be springy and easy to bend when pressed,
  • you can determine the ripeness of the fruit by tapping on the skin - the sound should be deaf,
  • the pulp of ripe melon is white or slightly creamy, of a uniform consistency - a green strip under the peel indicates that the fruit was plucked too early,
  • melon content (seeds) is easily separated from the pulp,
  • The taste of a ripe melon Torpedo sweet, reminiscent of a combination of honey, pear and vanilla - fresh or bitter flesh indicates that the product has become spoiled.

Even if you did not manage to buy a ripe melon, do not be upset. In a dry room, it is stored for as long as you like, so just leave it there before full maturity.

Features of growing

The torpedo is thermophilic, so in our latitudes it is better to grow it in greenhouses, hotbeds or through seedlings, which, after transplantation into the ground, need to be covered for a long time with film. The soil should be light and fertile, be composed of peat, humus, preferably black soil, or at least loam.

When growing on a trellis, plants can be planted according to a 50x80 cm scheme, but if they climb along the ground, they should be planted so that each bush has about 2 m² of area.

Gourd bed care consists of the following activities:

  • watering - you need to water often because the Torpedo’s root system is shallow,
  • dressing - liquid mullein is applied 1 time per month,
  • until the plants are not spread, you need to hilling, and then regularly loosen the soil,
  • in order for the fruits to grow large and sweet, it requires pinching of the lashes and removal of excess ovaries - there should be 3-4 ovaries on the bush as much as possible.

The advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The main advantages of the variety, of course, are the taste and beneficial properties of the fruit.

In addition to being a very valuable food product, torpedo melons have healing properties and are widely used in traditional medicine.

With its help, it is possible to strengthen a weakened body, increase immunity, restore digestion, kidney function, improve metabolic processes in the body and solve many other health problems.

The lack of a variety is one and it is obvious - it is the demand of plants for heat, because of which it is not possible to grow a good sweet melon in a climate of mid-latitudes. In our area, unfortunately, the Torpedo cannot ripen to the end, like a melon Kolkhoznitsa, and fully reveal its true taste.

Melon Torpedo (Rainbow): cultivation and characteristics of the variety

Homeland Torpedo is Central Asia. In these countries, it is called in its own way, for example, in Uzbekistan it is called "Mirzanchul". By the way, Torpedo is also a popular name.

Obviously, the so-called melon was nicknamed for its elongated shape, vaguely resembling a shell of the same name. We have this culture called “Rainbow Melon”, and it tastes a bit different from the real Uzbek Torpedo.

This is not surprising, since the climate in our latitudes is not so hot, and accordingly, the fruits are not so sweet.

Melon Torpedo - late ripe variety. In our latitudes for its full maturation it is necessary not less than 90 days.

In Asian countries, where the climate is hot and dry, its fruits ripen faster - by mid-August.

This variety is very thermophilic, and if it is grown under suitable conditions, the fruit can reach a weight of 10–15 kg. However, we rarely manage to grow a pumpkin more than 5 kg.

Outwardly, these melons are very attractive. Mature fruits have an intense yellow color with thin white veins that form a mesh pattern.

The peel is dense, medium thickness, resistant to damage, so that the variety is well transported.

The flesh is white, sweet, slightly oily, very juicy and fragrant.

Variety Torpedo has a powerful, intensely growing shoots. Young lashes of plants grow over 2 meters, so for the bushes they often build supports on which they trail. The yield of the variety is 2.5–3 kg per square meter.

Beneficial features

In principle, any melon is considered a low-calorie and very useful food product.

Torpedo is a sweet variety with the highest caloric content among other species - 35 kcal / 100 g.

This is a low calorie index, so the fruits can be used without restriction even for people who are overweight.

Fruit pulp is 90% water - which is why they quench thirst so well. Also, there is a lot of (7.5 g) carbohydrates in it, but they are all simple and fast digestible.

The amount of proteins and fats is minimal - 0.6 and 0.3 g, respectively.

Ripe melon contains organic acids, a lot of dietary fiber, pectins, enzymes that improve the functioning of the intestines, as well as the entire set of vitamins of group B, vitamins A, C, P, PP.

The mineral composition is represented by potassium (118 mg), chlorine (50 mg), sodium (32 mg). Smaller amounts contain calcium, magnesium, sulfur, phosphorus, sodium. Of the trace elements in the flesh of the fruits are present: iron, iodine, copper, cobalt, manganese, fluorine.

The rich and diverse chemical composition explains why the melon of this variety is so good for health. On the human body, it has the following effects:

  • normalizes the bowels, improves digestion,
  • removes excess fluid, toxins, slags, with prolonged use eliminates salt deposits in the joints,
  • boosts immunity
  • stabilizes the nervous system, improves mood, relieves depression,
  • strengthens the heart and blood vessels, removes excess cholesterol,
  • increases hemoglobin and contributes to the speedy recovery after diseases, operations.

Nutritionists recommend using this grade for fasting days. Since the pulp of the fruit is very sweet and watery, the product can be considered ideal for dietary nutrition.

It is important to know: Torpedo melon is recommended to use separately from other products. Do not drink milk, sour-milk drinks, water or alcohol after it, and the interval between meals should be at least 2 hours.

How to ripen melon at home?

A native of the tropics - juicy and fragrant melon, unfortunately, does not always have time to ripen on the garden bed in the middle lane. In this regard, many have a question - can the ripped melon ripen at home and how to make it ripen. In fact, if the melon fruit is not quite green, but only a little under-achieved, it can be quite ripe after being removed from the bush.

How to keep a melon to ripen?

In our latitudes there are 2 varieties of melons - "Collective Farm Woman" and "Torpedo". All other varieties do not tolerate transportation from growing sites and are not stored for very long. But even these two varieties are enough to fully enjoy the melon aroma and sweetness.

If you do not have quite ripe melons, do not get upset. There are many recommendations on how to ripen a melon at home. They can be placed in a dry and ventilated room at room temperature, they will “reach” in a few days.

Moreover, for the long-term storage of melons, it is just the same that they are removed into beds with an unripe condition, and they ripen during storage.Of course, this requires whole intact fruits. After ripening, the fruit is cleaned in a cool place for a longer preservation.

If you are interested in whether the melon will ripen on the window, we recommend that you still ripen it in a darkened place, warm and dry. There is also advice - to put a ripe apple next to the melon. This should speed up the ripening process.

How to determine the degree of ripeness of melon?

When buying or growing melons, it is important to be able to choose the most ripe and tasty fruit. To do this, carefully examine the fruit, pay attention to the smell - the stronger and richer it is, the tastier and sweeter the melon. Hardest melon smells near the stem.

If the smell is more like candied fruit, you have an overripe specimen. If the smell is absent, the melon is green. Of course, the richness of the flavor depends on the ambient temperature. In warm weather it will be easiest to pick ripe fruit on the street.

Look at the melon crust - it should be medium in hardness / softness, without cracks and stains. If you shook the melon and heard the tapping of the bones inside - the fruit is overripe.

If the melons are cut when they have not ripened at all, then, after lying for a while, they ripen. But, if they are cut off completely green, then they practically do not mature. In addition, the taste of melons that leave to ripen is slightly different from the taste of those melons that are already ripe. I also noticed that if the netting on the peel is well pronounced on the melon, then such fruits ripen more readily, and their taste is almost the same as that of those ripened on the garden bed. I agree with the fact that much depends on the sort of melon.

Can cut melons ripen at home?

Cut the melon. They are not sweet. Leave to mature or it is not their habit?

In Ganichkina it is written that cut melons ripen for two weeks at home. We tried to leave as it said in the dark and warm melons, but I can not say that they have become much sweeter. Maybe you are more lucky. Maybe we had some sort of such, or they were very very immature.

If the melons are cut when they have not ripened at all, then, after lying for a while, they ripen. But, if they are cut off completely green, then they practically do not mature. In addition, the taste of melons that leave to ripen is slightly different from the taste of those melons that are already ripe. I also noticed that if the netting on the peel is well pronounced on the melon, then such fruits ripen more readily, and their taste is almost the same as that of those ripened on the garden bed. I agree with the fact that much depends on the sort of melon.

By the way, melons are removed for storage by slightly immature, and if you want them to lie down a bit more, then do not store them with apples, because this way they ripen faster and will be worse stored. Also, do not put the melons next to the vegetables, because they very strongly absorb extraneous smells, and their taste deteriorates.

Determining the immature melons in your garden or already ready for harvesting is easy. If the melon has a strong pleasant aroma, has a smooth, evenly colored peel without irregularities - most likely it has ripened. Such fruit should have a distinctive honey or floral scent. But if a hint of rotten ginger mixes in with a pleasant smell, the melons are likely to have matured. The ripe pumpkin is also distinguished by a completely dry stalk: if it is green, the melon is immature. The melon has not yet ripened, if, when tapping on a pumpkin, there is no dull characteristic sound.

Determine the degree of maturity

Determining the immature melons in your garden or already ready for harvesting is easy. If the melon has a strong pleasant aroma, has a smooth, evenly colored peel without irregularities - most likely it has ripened. Such fruit should have a distinctive honey or floral scent. But if a hint of rotten ginger mixes in with a pleasant smell, the melons are likely to have matured. The ripe pumpkin is also distinguished by a completely dry stalk: if it is green, the melon is immature. The melon has not yet ripened, if, when tapping on a pumpkin, there is no dull characteristic sound.

Video "How to increase melon harvest"

From this video you will learn how to properly care for melons.

Started growing Torpedo in Malaya, and after in Central Asia. It was brought to Russia in the 17th century. Due to its excellent transporting properties, it is well tolerated for long journeys. Variety Torpedo has a characteristic oblong shape. The length of the fruit is 30 - 40 cm, weight 6 - 10 kg. Yellow skin is covered with fine veined mesh. The flesh of white color has a rich taste and bright smell. In it intertwined notes of vanilla, pear and pineapple.

The whole truth about the benefits and harms of melon Torpedo

In the late summer the most sweet, fragrant and juicy torpedo melon ripen. Cosmetologists and nutritionists are aware of its beneficial properties. It is recommended to eat it in its pure form, in salads, as face and hair masks. There are many recipes for the treatment and prevention of various diseases. But still there is a downside. Melon is not useful for everyone. What is its benefit and harm, and how to choose a ripe pumpkin? Read about it in the article.

A little bit about the torpedo variety

Started growing Torpedo in Malaya, and after in Central Asia. It was brought to Russia in the 17th century. Due to its excellent transporting properties, it is well tolerated for long journeys. Variety Torpedo has a characteristic oblong shape. The length of the fruit is 30 - 40 cm, weight 6 - 10 kg. Yellow skin is covered with fine veined mesh. The flesh of white color has a rich taste and bright smell. In it intertwined notes of vanilla, pear and pineapple.

Useful qualities of torpedo melons

Unique product melon torpedo. Its benefits and harm were repeatedly discussed both on the forums of dietitians and on the pages of women's magazines. Experts say that the use of a certain amount of fresh product can stabilize the functioning of the intestine and improve the properties of the immune system. Use a melon smoothie, pieces of fresh pulp can be used for the prevention of certain diseases.

When do I need to eat a melon?

To achieve a preventive and healing effect, doctors recommend eating fresh melon in the following cases:

  • to remove excess fluid from the body (has strong diuretic properties),
  • for cleansing the intestines (due to the high content of fiber there is a natural excretion of toxins from the body),
  • for removing toxic decomposition products,
  • as a sedative and anti-depressant
  • for removing harmful cholesterol,
  • in order to enhance the protective properties of the body.

What is contained in the pulp and pumpkin seeds?

The chemical composition of the torpedo includes a whole set of trace elements and vitamins:

  • it contains the contents of iron, fluorine, calcium, potassium, silicon, magnesium, iodine and fluorine,
  • sucrose
  • citric, pantothenic and malic acid,
  • vitamins of group B, ascorbic acid, vitamin E.

Sucrose in combination with other components contributes to the development of the hormone of happiness in the body. What is useful torpedo melon yet? It improves well-being for anemia, due to the high percentage of iron in the composition. And the secret ingredient pumpkin seeds are. They perform the role of an aphrodisiac for men.

You can not use melon seeds in large quantities, as it is harmful to the spleen.

Therapeutic use

Knowing the beneficial properties of Torpedo, it is actively used for the treatment of urolithiasis. The patient must eat fresh melon for several days. At this time, sand and small stones naturally leave the body.

The moderate caloric content and the content of a balanced amount of vitamins makes the Torpedo a unique product for those who lose weight. Sweet and aromatic food helps to saturate. In this case, the body receives all the necessary nutrients. And fiber cleanses the intestines from toxins and removes them. Therefore, nutritionists include this melon product on the menu.

Contraindications for use

Do not include in the diet of people suffering from the following diseases:

  • dysentery,
  • severe diabetes mellitus
  • ulcers of the stomach and duodenum,
  • violation of intestinal microflora.

Do not use a torpedo with kefir and yogurt - it threatens with strong diarrhea.

In children and adults susceptible to the composition of the product, abdominal distention, colic, flatulence may occur. Because of the strong influence on the work of the gastrointestinal tract, you should not eat an empty stomach. This product does not combine with alcohol, as well as with cold water.

Use in cosmetology

Torpedo melon is popular among masks and creams. Useful properties of this ingredient are used in professional cosmetology. It is part of the creams that prevent the appearance of early wrinkles, whitening masks, moisturizing shampoos and hair balms.

At home, melon gruel is whitened by freckles and pigment spots on the face. It is also applied to the nails to reduce their fragility. To moisturize the skin of the face, lips or hands, fresh pulp is mixed with olive oil and applied in a thin layer. After using these masks, the skin becomes matte, the color evens out, softness and velvety appear. To strengthen the hair in the ground pulp add burdock oil and egg yolk. To restore the structure of hair dried by a hair dryer, such a mask should be done once a week for a month.

Rinse your homemade melon masks with warm water.

Selection of ripe melon

If you do not know how to choose the torpedo melon, then the following recommendations will be useful to you:

  • pay attention to the condition of the skin. It should not be penetrating brown spots. They indicate infection of one of the infectious diseases to which melons are susceptible,
  • Take the fruit in hand. It should be tight, but not solid. Soft bursting flesh occurs in overripe specimens,
  • visual inspection should not show damage to the surface of the fetus. It should be clean and dry, without cracks and cuts. If bacteria penetrate into them, then botulism may be infected,
  • smell the pumpkin. It should produce a pleasant honey smell,
  • look at the tail from the stem. In a ripe product, it is dry. If it is green, then the torpedo has not yet matured.

You can clearly see how to choose a torpedo melon on the video at the end of the article.

It is best to buy melons at those points that are subject to sanitary checks. Products are periodically examined for the presence of nitrates and carcinogens. By purchasing a sweet torpedo in a supermarket or store, you will be sure that it will benefit the body.

Video about choosing a ripe melon

In order not to get a whole bunch of food poisoning, refrain from buying melons in natural markets, in tents near roads or where fruits without any protection just lie on the ground. In most varieties of pumpkin ripened peel becomes thin, easily absorbing dust, dirt, microbes. If you store the fruit without protection, a crack may be formed into which the pathogens penetrate.

How to determine - ripe or not

So, you decided to buy or pick a melon from the garden, but you do not know how to determine whether it is ripe or not. In fact, it is not so difficult. Check the pumpkin carefully before buying or harvesting.

Mature melon has a strong aroma. Depending on the variety, the nuances of the aroma fluctuate, a distinct honey smell or a spicy floral may appear.

But if the smell is mixed with a heavy smell of rottenness - this means that the melon is overripe. It can still be eaten or put into the cake as a filling, but it cannot be stored. If there is no smell, it means that the fetus is not nasty. You can make candied fruit, jam, unsweetened soup from such a melon or leave it to mature at home to eat later.

It will help to make the correct "diagnosis" of the skin of the fetus. Mature melon has a smooth, uniform-colored skin (but it depends on the variety), without dents and cracks.

You can carefully inspect the pumpkin itself. Where there was a flower - melon is soft. The peduncle, if present, should be dry and easily separated from the pumpkin. The stem may be green, but this means that the fruit is not ripe.

There is another way to check the ripeness. You can do this by swiping your nail over the skin. In a ripe melon, the top layer of the skin is easily removed, while the overripe remains dented.

To determine the ripeness, you can navigate by the sound: pat the pumpkin with your palm - a ripe one will make a dull sound.

Focusing on the size of the melon is meaningless, because of different varieties of different average sizes of the fruit.

In order not to get a whole bunch of food poisoning, refrain from buying melons in natural markets, in tents near roads or where fruits without any protection just lie on the ground. In most varieties of pumpkin ripened peel becomes thin, easily absorbing dust, dirt, microbes. If you store the fruit without protection, a crack may be formed into which the pathogens penetrate.

Record Navigation

The main conditions for the favorable cultivation of melons in the country almost no different from cucumbers. The only difference in planting and growing is that the melon matures several weeks later than cucumbers, so that it can grow not only in the south, but also in the northern regions. But for this it is necessary to observe three basic conditions when caring for these false berries.

How to grow melon in the open field

Melons are of three types. it net, or Kiliya, cantaloupe and winter. Early maturing varieties are suitable for the Non-Chernozem region of Russia and the Middle Band. It may be varieties "Solar", "Autumn", "Rainbow", "Gerda".

Pleases and simple agrotechnology cultivation of our melon culture. In order for the berry to feel comfortable in the dacha bed, the soil at the landing site must be fertile, but not very greasy and with good drainage. Melon seedlings are grown. This is due to the fact that plants are planted in open ground only in mid-June in order to avoid late frosts.

Preparing for sowing

By this time, preparing the plot at the cottage for planting. First you need to dig holes 80x80x20 cm in size, after which you need to fill them with about humus about half, and then fall asleep 2-3 cm with a layer of earth. A few days before planting the seedlings of melons, the holes are covered with a film so that the earth warms up as best as possible. It is better if it is not just a film, but prepared mini-greenhouses, made, for example, of laths, with film attached to them and located in a place completely open to the sun, or reputable greenhouses. We grow together melons and watermelons in them.

Planting melon seedlings

When the land in the greenhouse well warms up, plant seedlings are planted. For this purpose, holes are made directly at the corners of the pit, where the seedlings are placed together with a clod of earth. When planting it is necessary to ensure that the edges of the berry sprout protrude a few centimeters above the ground. This will allow the young germ to avoid bacterial rot.

Plant protection

The first condition is to protect the plant from spring frosts, so it’s better to plant a melon on the garden bed in the second decade of June. Another condition - the correct formulation and reduction in the number of fruits on the bush. And the last condition - multiple fertilizing plants. It contributes to the intensification of the growth of melons in the open field.

Watering seedlings

Watering melon sprouts must be very careful, trying not to wet the leaves. Until the plant is well grown and stable hot weather is established, a mini-greenhouse should not be removed. When the plants have the fifth leaf, it is removed, as it is done when growing cucumbers, the point of growth.This will contribute to the development of lateral lashes. After the whips grow a little, you need to carefully consider them, remove diseased processes, leaving only four healthy ones.

Melon formation

Flowering melons in the country should be in the open field, which will contribute to a good ovary of the fruit. When the ovary has reached the size of a plum, their number should be reduced to get a good harvest. To do this, one healthy, having the correct form, fruit is selected on each lash. Under each abandoned growing fruit, you must put a plate or mulch the land with hay so that it does not touch the ground and rot.

General watering and feeding

To accelerate the ripening and growth of the fruit requires regular watering. The fact that a plant needs moisture can be identified by the appearance of its leaves. If the leaves are sluggish, drooping, then urgent watering is required. However, this does not mean that melons can be watered abundantly. Too much moisture can cause the fruit to crack.

To country fruits quickly ripened, the plant must be constantly fed. It can be from mullein, chicken or herbal infusion with the addition of wood ash. It is best to alternate the infusions and feed them every 7 or 10 days until the process of ripening melons begins.

Berry harvest readiness

The fact that the melon has ripened can be determined by its appearance and smell. The ripened fruit has annular cracks in its tail, and when it is pressed on the crust of the opposite part, small dents appear. Store grown false berries in an open container, for example, a cardboard box, putting them in one row and paving them together with paper. In this form, they can lie until mid-October.

Melons are not only very tasty, even the jam of them is boiled, but also useful. Since they contain a large amount of potassium, the use of culture contributes to the prevention of heart attack, stroke.

How to speed up ripening

What to do if the melon was not met? Correct: keep fresh in a certain way at home. Most varieties can be stored for up to 6 months, therefore, green, not in color, but as it is, melon still has a chance to please the sweet filling. Let's see how the process of storage and ripening.

You can store only intact fruits. Carefully inspect the pumpkin, clean the dirt, but do not touch the stem. Put the fruit in a dry place with good ventilation - so you can store melon for about a week. But if the pumpkin is completely green, then this method will not work. About a week the fruit can be stored in the refrigerator in the department for vegetables. For long-term storage, that is, more than a month, pumpkins are placed in specialized storage facilities and special cold stores.

It is important to understand why some varieties can be stored longer than others. Varieties of melons are conventionally divided into three large groups:

  • The first includes early-maturing varieties, which, due to accelerated vegetation, cannot be stored for a long time. The maximum period at which they retain their taste is 7 days.
  • The second group includes some early varieties, as well as medium early. During the growing season, they manage to gain enough nutrients and minerals to lie a little longer - up to 3 weeks. However, in this form, they have since lost their sweetness.
  • In the third group are middle-ripening and some late varieties. Such fruits can be saved up to 5-6 months. Usually, it is these varieties that are sent for aging, because for some time they get all the taste, but then at long storage they start to lose them little by little.

Long-term storage methods require a certain approach, so that the sweet pumpkin will live well until it is consumed. The fruits are cleared of the stalks, laid out on a tarpaulin or bare ground and left without shelter for 15 days. Fruits need to be turned every 4 days. This method is suitable if you know for sure that during this period there will be no rain, as pumpkins deteriorate quickly upon contact with water. During warming up under the sun, vegetative processes completely stop.

When ripening a small number of fruits, they are hung in nets or fabric bags. But it is important to take precautions: the room must be dark, cool and dry, otherwise the pumpkin will begin to rot. It is easy to organize such a repository: between the pillars there are several tiers of poles with a diameter of at least 12 centimeters, on which the fruits are hung in grids.

Or you can use cells whose bottom is lined with straw. But with this method of storage, you will need a large number of cells, since the fruits in them should not be in contact with each other.

In late-ripening varieties, as is well known, the flesh is sweet not immediately, but after a good rest. Many are interested in the question of why it happens. It's all about the chemical reactions that occur in the pumpkin after it is separated from the bush.

Fruits of late-ripening varieties are torn off before maturity and left to bask in the sun, so that they get enough sweets. At the same time, they turn that side which, when ripe, was turned to the ground.

After a week-long “sunburn” in the sun, they are removed to a dark, cool place with low humidity, where they calmly complete their ripening. And when it becomes cloudy, cold or even snowy outside, you and your loved ones will be able to enjoy juicy, sweet melons.

How to grow a torpedo melon - features of planting and care. PUSH!

August is the month when sweet and aromatic melons quench their thirst. One of the representatives of the late varieties of Uzbek breeding is torpedo melon.

Small and Central Asia is considered the territorial homeland of this variety, and in the open spaces of Russia they began to cultivate culture in the 17th century. With ease, it takes root in modern suburban areas in open ground and greenhouses.

Appearance and useful properties

One of the varieties of Torpedo variety is the Rainbow Melon, which is adapted for growing in Russia

Melon fruits belong to the pumpkin family. This heat-loving plant: the formation of the ovary occurs at a temperature of 25 degrees, the ripening of fruits - at 30. The pulp contains: soluble sugars, folic acid, and vitamins C, B2, PP, carotene.

Salts of iron, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, nitrogenous and aromatic substances, fats and fiber - all this set of trace elements is present in the yellow fruit.

Juicy pulp quenches thirst and has a calming effect on the central nervous system (the benefits of melon for the human body are described in detail in this article).

Melon Torpedo is a mid-season variety that reaches technical maturity by 90 days. Plant with powerful lashes longer than 2 meters. Fruits - pumpkin, oblong oval shape. The peel of medium thickness is solid, yellow in color with streaks creating a mesh pattern. Fruit weight reaches 7 kg.

White flesh is up to 6 cm thick. It has good taste: juicy, sweet, oily, fragrant. Fruits are well transported and lie for a long time. Productivity 2.5 kg per square meter.

The end of April - sowing seeds for seedlings

Seeds choose quality and large. For dressing, they are placed in gauze and in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for about 6 hours. Then the seeds are germinated, after naklevyvaniya occurs their planting. Sowing depth 1.5 cm. Germination temperature 25 degrees.

To improve germination and the formation of early harvest seeds hardened. For this, the swollen seeds are stored at a temperature of -1 for about 2 days.

Since Torpedo melon is a variety of late ripening, it is easier to get its crop using a seedling planting method.

The grown sprouts do not tolerate the transplant badly, the root system may die, therefore planting melons on seedlings begins with planting seeds in separate cups.

Growing melon seedlings

The soil is filled up in advance prepared or purchased (peat (1), sand (1), humus (2)).

If the cups are small, then transplanting the seedlings costs after 15 days, if the diameter is up to 10 cm, then in 30-35 days.

The plant is light-loving, so you should consider additional lighting so that the seedlings do not stretch.

It is important: Do not put seedlings in a cool place. Overcooling the root system will lead to the death of the plant.

Planting of seedlings occurs in June on the 35th day after germination in a warm garden bed under a film shelter or in a greenhouse.

The soil for growing melons must be fertile, for which, in advance, compost or humus and mineral fertilizers are introduced into it in the fall.

In addition, the acidity of the soil should be neutral: sandy loam or chernozem (the main methods for determining the pH of the soil are described here).

The growing area is not shaded, preferably open to sunlight, fenced off from gusts of cold wind.

Council to gardeners: Do not plant a melon after pumpkin.

Since the earth is poor in essential trace elements and may be affected by similar diseases.

Seedlings at this point has 5-7 of these leaves. The landing scheme is 40-50 * 80-100. The earth is well moistened, and then the cups are placed in the wells.

The root neck is not deepened. The upper part of the land is mulched with ordinary sand. In the period of engraftment, it is recommended to water the plants with warm water.

Planting seedlings in the ground

Gardeners from the southern regions can carry out direct sowing of seeds. In May, a bed is prepared, spilled with boiling water, and then seeds are placed in the open ground.

Growing methods

In open ground, cultivation in spreading is used. Scourge laid out on the ground. The formation of the plant is as follows: pinch the escape over 4 leaf, leave 2 side shoots.

Shoots pinned to the ground, thereby contributing to the development of an additional root system. Side shoots also pinch. The excess ovary is removed, leaving up to 6 fruits on the plant.

Tapestry method is rational when growing melons in greenhouses or saving space on the site.

For the implementation of the method in advance prepared 2-meter frame, which is tied with a rope.

The plant itself after landing in a week is fixed on a rope, through which it will curl upwards.

The formation of the plant remains the same. Shpaler way allows you to evenly distribute the lashes for better heating and lighting of the plant.

Melon care

Regular watering is required during the growing season of the shoots. During the flowering period it is necessary to reduce it, which contributes to the development of flowers of both sexes. When the ovary appears, watering is resumed. To accumulate sugar in the melon and increase the shelf life during the period of fruit ripening, watering is removed.

For a good harvest, you must comply with 3 conditions:

  1. Protect plants from late frost.
  2. Form, pinch and remove excess ovary.
  3. Systematically feed and stimulate plant growth.

For fertilizing after planting during the formation of lateral shoots and buds use organic and mineral fertilizers. Weeding the soil should be regular.

It is important not to thicken the crops, to remove damaged ovaries and lash

Harvesting melons selective. When eaten in the near future choose a ripe melon, and for storage - green. The ripeness of the fetus is characterized by the appearance of rings around the stem and a peculiar smell.

Observance of simple rules will allow the gardener to grow a good plant, as well as enjoy a useful and fragrant melon from July to October. All qualities and taste are preserved in themselves and dried melon.

Watch video about torpedo melon:

Melon - cultivation in open ground, at home. why melon crack, photo, video

The indigenous resident of Central and Central Asia, the melon is gradually developing and more northern territories.

Due to the success of breeders, honey fruits can be grown not only in the southern regions of the country, but also in the middle lane.

Moreover, fruits with excellent taste ripen not even in greenhouses, but in open ground and on the balcony.

Of course, the melon is more capricious and demanding to the conditions of detention than the closest relatives - cucumbers and pumpkins, but with proper care, this species obeys a diligent gardener. What are the features of growing melons in the open field? What difficulties can be encountered, and how to achieve fruiting plants at home?

Preparation of melon seeds for planting

Strong, well-formed seeds are used for sowing, while experts advise taking seeds from the crop two or three years ago. Observing how, in the photo, melon grows, you can see:

  • powerful plants from fresh seeds in abundance give male-type flowers, and there are very few ovaries on them,
  • whip melons from older seeds are more productive.

To increase the germination of seeds, they are immersed for 12 hours in a solution of boric acid and zinc sulfate or another growth stimulator.

If you can grow melons in the open ground in the middle lane, it is better to worry about hardening the seeds beforehand, for which they:

  • first immersed in warm water with a temperature of about 30–35 ° C,
  • then left for a day at room temperature,
  • for stratification for 18 hours, transferred to a refrigerator where the temperature is close to zero.

Swollen seeds are ready for sowing in open ground or seedlings.

How to grow melon seedlings at home?

Since all members of the pumpkin family do not like transplants because of the risk of damage to the roots, and the culture is very thermophilic, it must be borne in mind that:

  • the soil on the plot intended for melon should warm to 12–13 ° C,
  • sowing in peat tablets or cups of small volume is carried out not earlier than two weeks before landing in the ground,
  • in tanks of larger volume, seedlings can be up to 30 days.

For example, for the middle band for seedlings, it is acceptable to sow seeds in late April, then by June young plants should move to a permanent place.

The use of peat pots allows you to avoid transplant pain and save up to three weeks when growing melons in open field.

For growing seedlings make a soil mixture of equal parts:

  • humus,
  • peeled peat,
  • sand,
  • garden soil.

Before sowing, the soil is moistened and enriched with a complex fertilizer containing trace elements for melon growth. In each pot, 10–11 cm in diameter, two seeds are planted so that, depending on how the melon grows, select a stronger sprout in the photo and cut the weak one without damaging the root system.

To prevent the rot of young stems, the surface of the soil in the seedling pots sprinkled with a layer of clean sand.

To grow melons at home, they maintain a daily temperature of about 20 ° C, while at night the air can be cooled to 15 ° C. Watering for melon crops, including melon, requires moderate, as the topsoil dries.

Choosing and preparing the site

For the southern culture, who loves heat and sunlight in the open field, select the most illuminated, but closed from the draft and cold wind areas.

It is important that moisture does not stagnate on the melon site, otherwise rot and fungal plant diseases cannot be avoided.

At the same time for the cultivation of melons in the open field the soil is prepared in advance. In the fall of the future melon:

  • digging no less than a spade bayonet,
  • fertilized with organic matter, contributing 4-6 kg of humus or rotted manure per square meter.

Melon loves loose soils, so on loamy soils it is recommended to add river sand to the beds. In the spring, potash and phosphate fertilizers are added to the melon thistle.

Planting melon in the ground

The basic rules for growing melons in the open field are very simple:

  • Young plants need protection from rain and cold.
  • The quantity and quality of the crop depends on the correct formation of the plants, the removal of the tops of the lashes and the excessive ovary.
  • A well-established irrigation schedule will help to get sweet, full-bodied fruits without cracks.
  • Melon requires regular competent fertilizing.

Planting seedlings and seeds carried out at a distance of at least 60 cm from each other.

Seeds are buried by 5 cm, and, as with the seedling method, 2–3 seeds are put into the hole. An additional teaspoon of nitrophosphate or other nitrogenous fertilizer is added to the well, both under the seeds and under the seedlings.

If plants are planted in peat pots on bahtchu, the earthy soil should not be buried. After sprinkling with earth, it should slightly rise above the general level, only after that the plants are watered and the already wet soil is mulched with dry ground.

In the future, melon seedlings are better for the first time, while acclimatization is underway, shelter from the sun, rain and possible cooling. As the habituation takes place, the greenhouse is removed during the daytime, and at night the plants are hidden under the covering material again.

Features care for melon

Growing melons in the open ground, the melon growers should pay attention to watering, loosening the soil, feeding and weeding the beds. In addition, do not wait for a good harvest, if you do not pinch the lash, which already has the ovary, in time, and do not remove empty shoots that take away strength from the bush.

Loosening is carried out very carefully, to a depth of 10–12 cm, without damaging the roots. When regrowth of lashes melon spud. Weeding is carried out as needed.

A special role in the success of growing melons in the open field is watering melons. If plants receive less moisture, they develop worse, bloom and give the ovary.

Excessive watering leads to decay of lashes and fruits, and the melons themselves lose their sugar content and become watery.

Understanding the needs of plants will help to observe how a melon grows, and the photo shows a drip irrigation system that allows you to maximize the use of moisture:

  • Usually, as long as there are no ovaries on the melon, the plants restrict watering, preventing them from forming many lateral shoots.
  • When the ovaries are already formed and need to develop, watering becomes more intense.
  • A month before the approximate ripening time, the melons gradually stop watering so that the fruits take on the sweetness and aroma.

Often, beginning melon growers have a question: “Why does a melon on a bed crack and begin to rot? Obviously, the error lies in the schedule of irrigation and its intensity.

Most often, the fruits crack when, after a dry period, already formed ovaries at one time receive an excessive amount of moisture.

Fruit damage is also observed if the ripening melon lies on moist soil.

Therefore, melon growers are advised to substitute a shard or a small plank under each ovary.

Damage can be avoided if trellis is used when growing melons in an open field and the heavy fruits are fixed with a mesh or cloth.

For the first time, the melon plant is pinched after the third or fourth leaf in order to cause branching and get side lashes.

When 5–6 ovaries are formed on the plant, the free tops of the lashes are cut, leaving 2–3 leaves to the last fruit.

Further, as they grow from the plant, unnecessary flowers and empty shoots are cut off so that all the forces of the melon can go on filling and ripening the already formed fruits.

Regular feeding should help the plants in this, the first of which is carried out even when the first true leaf appears.

This time, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers containing minerals and mineral fertilizers and organic matter alternate under the melons. Schedule dressings can be adjusted.

Most often, the frequency of irrigation with fertilizer solutions is 10-14 days.

During the mass flowering plants it is better to give potash-phosphorus mixtures. And complete top dressing at the first signs of the beginning of ripening melons.

Do not forget that melons easily accumulate excess chemicals and, especially with a lack of light, can be a source of dangerous nitrates. Therefore, with the nitrogen fertilizer melon growers should be careful.

How to grow a melon at home

If you put a little effort and be patient, then a sweet melon can be cut from a plant that has grown on its own window sill or balcony.

First of all, for the melon you will need to choose a pot or a container of sufficient capacity, with a diameter of at least 20 cm.

At the bottom of the pot drainage is required, and the soil can be used the same as that used for planting seedlings.

If the growing beds on the spacious beds can lie quietly on the soil, then the melon can be grown at home only by using a trellis. As it grows, the lashes are fastened to it, but since the plant is in a limited volume of soil, it will be reasonable to grow a melon in one stem.

We must not forget that melons are extremely demanding of lighting, so the main reason for the failure of growing this crop on balconies, window sills or terraces is the lack of light. It can be compensated by organizing an additional LED backlight, which provides for the needs of plants for 14–16 hours per day.

To preserve moisture, prevent weeds from sprouting and keep the soil temperature at about 20–25 ° C, and the surface of the soil is lined with a special film or material. Moisture supply can be entrusted to the drip irrigation system by adding or reducing the amount of water supplied, depending on how the melon grows.

When home-grown melons become fist-sized, excess shoots, flowers and the top of the main whip are pinched. At home, one plant is better to leave no more than three ovaries, which are tied to a trellis using a mesh or soft fabric.

Melon on the plot

Gourds, melon - one of them, is extremely highly valued both for excellent taste, and for the unique nutritional qualities.

It is not a secret that they possess two more useful qualities: medical and dietary.

Tell about growing melon by direct sowing in open ground and seedling method.

Melon Varieties

The most favorable climatic and soil conditions for the cultivation of melons in the open field in the steppe and forest-steppe zone.

But the greatest yields of melons, and all varieties - late ripening, mid-ripening, early ripening - are harvested precisely in the steppe zone.

In the forest-steppe zone, it is recommended to grow melons under the open sky only in middle and early ripening varieties.

Early (early) varieties include:

  • New Don,
  • Musky white,
  • Kharkiv early,
  • Cinderella (ultra-early variety),
  • Cantaloupe,
  • Early 133.

In the photo melon varieties Radmila - one of the earliest melons

For medium late:

  • melon varieties Golden,
  • Wintering,
  • Turkmen,
  • Gulyabi

In Russia, the most common early variety of melon Russian earlycharacterized by crumbly, dry and sweet flesh.

Orange round fruits reach a mass of 2-3 kilograms.

Variety A pineapple, having oval fruits with very juicy pulp, the second place in trading networks belongs.

Also on the shelves are often found melons Torpedo, Galia, Gulyabi, Piel de Sapo - but almost all of them are grown abroad and imported into our country.

On photo melon varieties Pineapple

Selection of plot (melon field)

To choose the right site for the cultivation of melons, you need to follow a few rules:

If you choose the wrong predecessor, high yield is not visible. Melon cultivated in the open field will grow well after:

  • early potatoes (late varieties are not suitable),
  • silage corn,
  • winter wheat,
  • perennial grasses (the top layer of grass is grazed),
  • legumes (for example, beans).

Melon - heat-loving culture. In order for the cultivation of melons in the open field to succeed, it is necessary to correctly select the location of the field in the garden plot.

The most suitable are the fields located on the sunny (south or south-west) side, with good protection from strong winds - the field should be heated by the sun’s rays and be “quiet”.

As a protection against the wind, natural forest or garden plantations, tall shrubs or crops are used. Kulisnye agricultural crops (sunflowers, corn, legumes) are planted in two rows around the perimeter of the site.

It has long been practicing the cultivation of melons between the rows of young gardens.

Such conditions are suitable for them as well as possible: young trees provide good protection from the winds, and the width between the rows between them is great for almost all melon varieties. Yes, and the roots of young trees will not interfere with the growth of melons - they are still poorly developed.

Melon in the ground at one place can grow no more than two years. With further cultivation in the same area, their yield drops sharply. On the same field a melon can be planted only after five years.

Soil preparation

The crop yields the highest yields on fertile - rich in organic compounds - medium loamy, light soils with neutral (normal) acidity. You can grow melons in the open field and on saline dry soils. Only heavy swampy areas are not suitable for sowing.

Melon loves clean, cultivated soil, so in the fall, the soil is plowed to a depth of 25–30 cm. A field with a shovel is approximately digged on the backyard plot.

At the same time with digging, the soil is fertilized, adding up to 6 kg / m² of organic fertilizers in the form of humus or rotted manure.

If the soil is heavy (loam), they can be “diluted” with river sand. Spring soil preparation - digging (plowing) of the site, with the simultaneous introduction of phosphate fertilizers with potash.

Carry out and leveling the surface with a harrow or a rake.

On the photo melon grown vertically

The calendar time of melon sowing, for harvesting in unprotected soil, depends on the climatic zone:

  • in the steppe zone - the third decade of April - the second decade of May,
  • in the forest-steppe - the end of the first - the beginning of the second decade of May,
  • in the most western regions - in the third decade of May.

In order to correctly determine the time when the melon is sown in open ground, the temperature of the soil is measured at a depth of 10 centimeters: the ground should have a temperature of +14 degrees.

If this temperature is lower: the seeds will not be able to germinate quickly, seedlings that appear will be unstable to diseases, and seedlings will be very rare.

In the open ground melon sown to a depth of five centimeters. Schemes of crops can be different, but the distance between adjacent holes make at least 60 centimeters. In one well throw 4-6 seeds. Together with the seeds, a nitrophoska (teaspoon) or a handful of humus is thrown into the well.

Temperature and humidity

Since melon is a heat-loving culture, when choosing a place to plant it is necessary to avoid areas where the temperature does not exceed 15 degrees Celsius. Seeds will be able to develop normally only at a daytime temperature of 20-25 degrees and at night - not less than 15 degrees.

If you do not have the opportunity to place the fetus in the open space, you can create additional lighting, the intensity of which should be from 5,000 to 6,000 lux (lux).

Soil composition

It is necessary to approach the preparation of the soil with all the responsibility, because the more fertile it is, the better the melon. The proportions for creating good soil look like this:

  • 25% peat,
  • 25% sand
  • 50% of humus.
If we are talking about planting on open ground, then the most suitable option would be black earth and gray forest soils. Before the earth needs to be dug up and loosened.

Popular growing methods

The most popular are two types of growing: spreading and trellis.

The essence of this method is as follows: the main shoot is pinched over the fourth leaf, while leaving two side shoots. Other shoots pin to the ground, thereby stimulating the development of an additional root system.

The question arises: what is the use of these actions? The fact is that thanks to this principle, the nutrients are spent not on the green mass, but on the melon itself.

Growing a torpedo melon in this way is appropriate at most only in greenhouses or in the case of a critical need to save space on the site.

First you need to stretch two trellis at a height of 2 m. In their quality, you can use wire or rope. Then, 4-5 days after disembarkation, shoots need to be tied up to the trellis (one escape - to the left rope, the other - to the right).

Seed preparation and selection

When selecting seeds, be guided by the following criteria:

  • The size. Always choose larger seeds. As practice shows, such seeds are better.
  • Purpose You need to focus on the seeds intended for planting in your climate zone.
  • Fitness. When purchasing seeds, you should know everything about the type of your soil. The success of the further development of the fetus depends on it.
After the purchase should be preparing seeds. Her first step is dressing. To do this, the seeds must be placed in gauze and in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 6 hours. Then germination and naklevyvanie. It is worth mentioning one popular method for identifying empty seeds. If you put all the seeds in the water for a day, some of them will come up. It is from these seeds that one must get rid of, since they are empty.

Sowing scheme

Sowing is recommended in the period from late April to mid-July. In the case of too early or too late sowing, there is a risk of catching frosts and losing crops.

The process of growing melon seedlings begins with the acquisition of peat pots with a diameter of up to 10 centimeters. This is followed by filling the pots with earth. And finally, the main stage - sowing seeds. At 1 pot enough to throw 2-3 seed to a depth of about 1.5 cm.

Warming up the seeds will help you get a bigger crop. Leaving them at 60 degrees for 4 hours will increase your yield by 25%. Experienced gardeners sow seeds in pots 35 days before they move seedlings to open ground. Such a warning allows the plant to prepare itself to the maximum for drastic changes in the situation.

Seedling method

Gardeners and gardeners, in order to speed up the harvest of melons in the open soil, first prepare the seedlings.

We have told you about seed preparation above. When sowing to a depth of 2.5-3 centimeters, the seeds are laid on its side. The optimal time for sowing is mid-April. The required temperature for germination + 23 degrees, for the growth of seedlings +21.

The age of seedlings when planting in the ground should be 25-35 days.

Photos of melon seedlings

The optimal composition of soil for growing melon seedlings:

Ground - 1 part, humus - 3 parts, potash and nitrogen fertilizers - 1 tablespoon, phosphate fertilizer - 3 tablespoons.

Melon sprouts should have separate containers - cut plastic bottles or peat pots (the desired diameter is more than ten centimeters) will do this.

Melon from seedlings is planted in the soil a little later than sowing seeds - when the threat of late spring frosts has completely passed - this is usually the month of May. All the subsequent care of the seedlings planted in the soil under the open sky is similar to the cultivation of melons by direct seeding.

Care of crops

Care for crops is of paramount importance: thinning crops, loosening the soil, weeding from weeds, timely protection of melons from pests or diseases.

When the first shoots appear on the surface, the soil is loosened between the rows and rows.

If the crop grows on a small (household) plot, care begins with watering: melon growing in the soil under the open sky should receive water - this will speed up the process of seed germination.

Weekly spend up to 5 irrigations - 45 liters / per square meter. For melons, watering is especially important from the moment of emergence to the ovary of the fruit. This is due to the fact that the roots of melons during this period have not had time to go deep.

Stop watering the garden 30 days before the first harvest.

Photo melon ovary

The seedlings must be thinned out in two stages: 1 - after the first leaf blooms, 2 - 3-4 leaves after blooming. During this procedure, no more than 1-2 best plants remain in the nest.

Thinning out the culture, the soil is loosened. At the same time try not to touch the area near the shoots with shoots, so as not to undermine the roots. During the growing season you need to spend from 3 to 4 loosening (up to 8-10 cm in depth) and weed.

Do not forget about pinching: when the third true leaf is formed, the main stem is pinned and the two most developed shoots are left. During development, these shoots pinch 5 leaves above the fruit. On one shoot leave 2-3 ovaries.

As the crop grows older, the empty flowers and bare shoots (without flowers) are cut off from the lashes, so that the formed fruits can be poured and ripen faster.

In the photo, melon, fruiting on covering material

Top dressing, when growing melons in the open field, play an extremely important role. The first of them is carried out after the appearance of 1 leaf, feeding plants with phosphate or nitrogen fertilizer.

Subsequent - every 1.5–2 weeks, alternating mineral supplements with organic ones. If melons bloom, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied to the soil.

End time of dressings - the beginning of ripening melons.

To prevent the fruits from rotting from below, mulch or special film is placed between the rows.

Mealy dew

A very common disease in melons. Manifested in the appearance of powdery plaque, the drilling of leaves and their fragility.

  • observance of alternation (crop rotation) of cultures.
  • destruction of vegetation residues after harvesting.
  • when there are signs of disease in cultivated melons in the open field - spraying every 11 days with 80% moistened sulfur powder (350 grams of the drug for 1 hundred melons). Stop spraying 3 weeks before harvesting ripened fruit.

Fusarium wilt

Often affects mid-season and late-ripening varieties of melons. The yield and quality of fruits decreases. Usually manifests before the formation of the 3rd true leaflet, at the time of maturation. The leaves brighten and get spotted. Melon dies in 7 days.

  • crop rotation!
  • prevention - spraying with a solution of potassium chloride during the formation of melon buds.

Rounded patches of pinkish or brown color appear on the leaves, with the development of the disease, torn holes appear, yellowing and drying of the leaves of the melon plant occurs. Fruits rot or acquire an unnatural shape.

  • the alternation of crops on the site.
  • moderate irrigation and loosening the soil after them.
  • destruction of plant residues.
  • spraying melon plants with 1% Bordeaux liquid.

Flower parasite, instead of roots having suckers, with which broomrape parasitizes on other plants.

  • the main measure is crop rotation.
  • reproduction of the phytomiz species (eats barkih seeds).

How to care for a plant?

Despite the resistance of the melon to many adversities, there are certain subtleties in the care, the neglect of which can lead to disastrous consequences for the plant.

Watering a melon is recommended only when the soil is dry, but always with warm water, with a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. During the ripening period of the vegetable, the best solution would be to reduce watering to a minimum, or even stop it.

This approach will help the plant to accumulate the maximum amount of sugars, while an excess of moisture leads to their excess.

Often the plant is fed 2-3 times, depending on when the leaves are closed. We will understand all three feedings alternately:

  1. The first time the melon is fed two weeks after disembarkation. As a means for fertilizing use ammonium nitrate. 20 g of this preparation is diluted with a bucket of water. The resulting mixture is distributed to 2 liters per bush.
  2. Repeat the process during the budding phase.
  3. The last feeding is carried out 3 weeks after the previous one, during the growth of the ovaries. At this time, use a solution of phosphorus-potassium fat, 50 and 20 g per bucket of warm water.

Pinching and removing the ovaries

Proper growth restriction is one of the main guarantees of a successful harvest. Pinching is carried out on the main lash and side, but not all completely: you need to leave about 2-3 shoots. It is also necessary to pinch the top of each of the lashes.

When the melon reaches 5-6 cm in diameter, it means that it is already time to remove the excess ovaries. On 1 bush will be enough to leave about 3-6 of the most developed fruits.

Use pieces of slate or roofing felt as a litter: it will save your plant from rotting.

Harvesting

The following indicators will help you determine the level of ripeness of melons:

  • the fruit is easily separated from the lash,
  • pronounced skin color,
  • small cracks on the entire surface of the vegetable,
  • rings around the stem,
  • peculiar smell.

Watch the video: How to: Grow Melons from Seed A Complete Step by Step Guide (December 2019).

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