This plant is known to almost everyone since childhood. At first glance it may seem that the yarrow has a true Russian origin. But it is not. Yarrow did not immediately won popularity in Russia. He was called in different ways: the soothpicker, the psihotochnik, the bloodthorn. Each new national nickname reflected the healing properties of the yarrow. This plant has gained widespread use in traditional medicine, floriculture and decorative art.
The Legend of Yarrow
About yarrow folded many legends. Even small children knew them, not knowing how the yarrow plant looked like. One of the legends says that a carpenter Joseph often injured his hands during work. This circumstance made the man turn to the medicinal properties of the yarrow. With the help of this plant, the carpenter healed his wounds fairly quickly and returned to work safely. From the mouth of Joseph and other people learned about the miraculous grass. In those places, residents still yarrow called "the grass of St. Joseph."
What does yarrow grass look like?
This is a representative of a perennial plant. The yarrow belongs to the Compositae or Astrov family. Adult bush reaches a height of 25 to 60 centimeters. It has a straight stem, in some places a little ribbed. The stalk at the top curls a bit. The leaves of the plant are twice pinnate in many small parts. They are located alternately, have lantsentnye or linear shape. It is because of the leaves yarrow acquired its name.
Yarrow has small flowers. Usually they are white or pink. All of them are collected in inflorescences-baskets, due to which a large common inflorescence occurs on the tops of the shoots. In the basket are on the edge of reed flowers - female, median - tubular, both sexes.
Yarrow blooms all summer, pollinating insects. Bees especially love it, considering it a great honey plant. Biologists account for over 100 species of yarrow. It grows in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. Yarrow is most common in the mountains, meadows, on the outskirts of fields, on the edges of the forest zone and in the steppes.
Medicinal properties of yarrow
So, you already know what the yarrow looks like. Photo eloquently suggests that this is a lovely field plant. But as mentioned above, it also has medicinal properties.
Description of yarrow will be incomplete, if not to mention the taste of this plant. It is bitter, but quite fragrant. Due to this, yarrow juice is used in the absence of appetite.
It is good to take an infusion of a medicinal plant for gastritis with low acidity. In addition, the juice is applied to fresh bleeding wounds. The flowers of the plant are brewed as tea and drink for gynecological diseases. When cystitis and stomach cramps are preparing a decoction of the leaves of yarrow.
Medicinal properties of the plant allow it to be used in the treatment of cold and flu. Yarrow has a beneficial effect on all body systems. In cardiovascular diseases, its diuretic properties are valued for lowering blood pressure.
In diseases of the respiratory system, the raw yarrow is used as a diaphoretic. When bleeding of various etiologies, with diseases of the urinary tract, burns, yarrow medications are indispensable helpers.
Amateur gardeners gladly recognize the yarrow garden culture. The plant is actively used for group plantings and looks elegant in cutting. Connoisseurs of beauty often form winter bouquets of yarrow.
There are different types of yarrow. You already know what a yarrow looks like. There are low-growing varieties of this plant. They are ideal for decorating the lawn. After all, these colorful kids are very tenacious and perfectly tolerate temperature drops.
However, this variety is most prone to excessive self-sowing. If this is not stopped, then pretty soon the yam will regain an impressive part of your site. Therefore, it is recommended to remove old inflorescences in a timely manner.
Yarrow "pearl oyster" is able to give your garden a luxurious sophisticated look. What does yarrow look like? This is also a low bush, decorated with double white flowers. If you look at the bush from afar, you can take it for a very fluffy cloud.
In addition to seductive appearance, this yarrow unpretentious. It grows equally well in a sunny and shady place. Gardeners apply it both in single landings, and in group.
All types of yarrow have an unusual property - to extract sulfur from the soil and distribute it between neighboring plants. Therefore, all the flowers growing next to the yarrow, will please the eye with its fragrance.
Another popular variety is the cherry queen. Visually, it looks like a yarrow, but somewhat higher, and the flowers are more saturated tones. Decorators successfully use the popular type of yarrow to create different lawns.
The bright flowers of the “cherry queen” are perfectly combined with blue and purple plants. The clusters of yarrow look great against the background of emerald foliage in harmony with neighboring flowers.
Recently, the red velveteen variety has been in high demand. If the question arose about how the yarrow looks, the photo shows the answer: in the form of numerous flowers of juicy color.
The flowers of the plant may be light pink or white. This species does not look like yarrow. Red Velveteen is capricious, it prefers only sunny areas. But this species retains its decorative throughout the summer - until mid-autumn. This makes it a real decoration for any garden area.
Even if it is ahead of the cold, and you have a desire to leave the memory of the yarrow, ikebana is an excellent way out in this situation! You can show all the riot of fantasy and make a composition, combining yarrow with other garden and field plants. Some gardeners mix several types of yarrow and get a chic autumn flower arrangement.
So, you have learned that the cultivated varieties of yarrow are used as ornamental plants. Recall that their progenitor - yarrow. The description of its healing properties was given earlier.
Besides the fact that the infusion of Yarrow's herb is able to lower blood pressure, it is used as an anti-inflammatory, wound-healing agent. Despite the fact that for therapeutic and prophylactic use, it is desirable to collect wild yarrow, many grow it at home. Should be selected for planting single areas of plants.
Preparation of medicinal raw materials
What you need to know when harvesting this grass for the winter? Yarrow (the description of the plant makes it clear) is used completely - the stems, leaves, flowers. Favorable time to collect medicinal herbs - from June to August.
Take a pruner or long scissors. Carefully cut the soft tops of the shoots (about 15 centimeters) with flowers. Cut the finished raw material into pieces and spread it on a linen cloth in a shady place. As soon as the stems dry out and break with a crunch, transfer the raw material to a glass jar for further storage.
Yarrow (and its other varieties) is undemanding to growing conditions. It is best to use well-lit areas for planting this plant. But if this is not possible, then in the shadow of the yarrow will not feel discomfort.
The plant easily adapts to different soils, but it is best if it is a calcareous, sufficiently moist soil. In dry weather the yarrow should be watered regularly. 4 years after planting the plant can be transplanted.
The breeding method of yarrow - seeds, cuttings and division. The most common and convenient - the division of the bush. This procedure is recommended every 2 years.
The most favorable seasons are spring and autumn. In the summer you can do breeding cuttings. First, a small part should be separated from the yarrow bush, placed in the ground and watered. Seed propagation is more complicated.
The most acceptable way is to sow the yarrow at home in a suitable container, and plant already grown flowers on a flower bed. If you sow the plant directly in a flower bed, then a young yarrow can be confused with weeds.
Where to buy yarrow seeds
The Scientific and Production Association “Gardens of Russia” has been engaged for 30 years in introducing the latest achievements of vegetable, fruit, berry and ornamental plant breeding into the widespread practice of amateur gardening.
The association uses the most advanced technology, created a unique laboratory of microclonal propagation of plants. The main objectives of the NGO "Gardens of Russia" is to provide gardeners with quality planting material of popular varieties and novelties of the world selection.
Yarrow: photos and benefits
Yarrow is a medicinal plant that you can easily buy or find yourself. Yarrow, whose photo gives you the opportunity to see how this plant looks, belongs to the herbaceous perennials. This plant represents the Asteraceae family. The wide distribution and pronounced healing properties have made this plant very popular among the followers of traditional medicine.
Yarrow belongs to the valuable medicinal plants, which are widely used in alternative medicine. In addition to the well-known, this grass has several names, in particular, such as cutter, gulyavitsa, beloholovnyak. In addition, the military doctors gave this plant another name - a resilient grass, as with serious injuries it helps to save a person’s life.
Useful qualities of this plant are known from the most ancient times, as it was widely used:
To date, the medicinal qualities of this herb are also not neglected, and it is widely used to solve a number of different problems. The tool is quite simple to use, affordable, natural. However, in spite of all the useful qualities that 1000 leaves have, there are certain indications and contraindications for its use.
Yarrow treats many diseases, which is why it is widely used in traditional medicine for:
- Normalization of the gastrointestinal tract,
- Treatment of diseases of the heart and circulatory system,
- Elimination of urinary system diseases,
From the yarrow make various decoctions, which have a positive effect on many organs
Yarrow is very useful for the gastrointestinal tract, as this tool helps to normalize digestion.
In addition, it helps to improve appetite, as well as used to treat inflammation, enteritis, gastritis, ulcers, hemorrhoids.
Tincture of this drug helps to reduce blood pressure, improves blood circulation and has a beneficial effect on the activity of the cardiovascular system.
This plant is used to treat female diseases, with severe pain during menstruation, to normalize lactation.
However, this tool has certain contraindications that must be taken into account when taking it. Frequent use of decoctions and infusions of yarrow can lead to nausea and dizziness.
Photos of plants: yarrow
Before applying the yarrow as a healing raw material, you need to examine its brief botanical description, as well as view the photos to know exactly how the medicinal herb looks. This plant has many names in Russia.
It is worth noting that the yarrow is:
- Asteraceae plant.
The root is rather thick, yellow in color, with many shoots. In addition, the plant has an erect stem, weakly branching off at the top. At the very top of a strong stem are silvery-green leaves, which can be bare or pubescent. At the top of the stem is located inflorescence, including many small-sized flowers.
The fruit of the plant is a seed oblong shape. Yarrow grows in the meadows in the forest, edges and along the roadsides. Its cultivation is widespread in gardens, parks, and areas well lit and clean from various types of weeds.
This is a rather unpretentious flower, and is considered the progenitor of many ornamental plants growing in the garden and distinguished by more saturated colors.
Medicinal properties and contraindications: yarrow
Despite the fact that the yarrow is a natural medicine, however, when applying it, you need to know how to brew and drink the yarrow decoction.
Despite the fact that the use of this tool is significant, however, it is still forbidden to use it:
- During pregnancy
- For children under 6 years old
- Allergy sufferers.
In people with increased acidity of the stomach, the yarrow medicine should be used with extreme caution, as a strong decoction or tea can cause heartburn.
It is strictly forbidden to use during pregnancy, as well as children under 6 years. In addition, the yarrow is contraindicated in those who suffer from thrombosis and are prone to increased and very fast blood clotting.
It is undesirable to take medicines on the basis of this plant for people with low blood pressure.
Like absolutely any drug, yarrow can provoke an allergy, which manifests itself in the form of rash, rhinitis, mucosal irritation.
This folk remedy deserves the best reviews, so the treatment with this remedy gives very good results and does not provoke the occurrence of side effects. Each herbal collection has instructions that must be studied before using it.
What yarrow looks like: photo
For treatment, the upper part of the plant is used, which includes flowers and stem, but not longer than 15 cm from the top. It is necessary to collect medicinal raw materials away from city roads, in a forest in a clearing and in the suburbs. Many believe that in addition to its medicinal qualities, the yarrow also has magical properties.
Yarrow can be yellow, white, purple
This plant contains such useful ingredients as:
- Organic acids
- Essential oils.
Alkaloids contribute to blood clotting. Carotene, penetrating into the body, is converted into vitamin A, required for normal growth, as well as strengthening vision. Essential oil has antimicrobial effect.
Yarrow plant: medicinal properties
Yarrow has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities. It has a positive effect on the internal organs of the person and additionally contributes to the formation of mucus, and also helps to get rid of accumulated gases in the intestine.
This remedy has a positive effect on intestinal smooth muscle. The plant helps to get rid of diseases of the stomach, liver, biliary tract. Infusion plants are used to increase blood clotting, however, does not provoke the formation of blood clots.
In addition, it helps with burns.
Yarrow is widely used when:
- The ulcer
- Very strong menstruation.
The herb helps to cope with dysentery well and is widely used as a healing agent, enhancing appetite and normalizing the digestive process. A decoction of fresh or dried yarrow is often used for nosebleeds, tuberculosis, diathesis, and many other skin problems.
Infusion of the plant is used as a means for losing weight, and also contributes to more enhanced lactation. The plant helps to eliminate bleeding gums, as well as cure atherosclerosis. From broth put enemas at hemorrhoids. On the basis of this tool make baths for skin diseases. The juice of the plant, mixed with honey, is used as a tonic.
In addition, it is used for cutaneous tuberculosis, ulcers and other disorders.
It is necessary to accept a yarrow as styptic, at internal and external bleedings. This herb is very good in gynecology for inflammation of the uterus.
Important! Drugs prepared on the basis of the yarrow have certain contraindications, which is why they can only be taken after a comprehensive examination and prior consultation with the attending doctor.
Where yarrow is used
The picture and picture of the yarrow allows you to determine exactly how this plant looks. Many are interested in why it is so called this plant. The name was due to the small leaves that densely cover the stem. Another name for this plant is silver, since it has a silver stem.
It can be seen from afar, thanks to its bright umbrellas, forming peas small flowers. The shade of flowers is white, and the stem is very thick, so you can only pull it out from the root. Latin calls this flower Linum usitatissimum. It is necessary to properly brew this drug.
Decorative flower has a rather beautiful look, and also helps to get rid of various diseases.
It has wound-healing qualities, as well as drink broth or infusion.:
- To strengthen the whole body,
- Removal of worms and other parasites
- To strengthen hair
- Against diarrhea,
- To reduce the temperature.
The plant extract is used to heal wounds, burns and other injuries of the skin. It is very important to know under what diseases and how exactly this drug should be taken in order not to harm your body. Very useful this medicinal plant is the same for women and men.
There are a variety of recipes based on the leaves, flowers and seeds of this plant, which can be applied externally or internally.
Widely used alcohol tincture of yarrow on vodka, which helps to eliminate many different diseases. However, this drug can provoke many side effects, which is why, initially, it must be taken in minimal dosages.
The most useful properties: yarrow
Yarrow can be white, yellow and pink, which is why you need to choose the right medicinal plant so that it has a positive effect on the body and helps eliminate existing diseases. A good medicinal product is considered to be the vegetable collection “Anastasia”, which is widely used in gynecology for the treatment of gynecological diseases, as well as other disorders of the internal organs.
Yarrow is often included in the composition of therapeutic tea, which consists of many herbs
Effective can be the use of yarrow as part of various collections, which include such medicinal herbs as:
- Seven throat
- Soldier or shepherd's bag.
All these plants can be used both individually and as collections. These medicinal plants help to get rid of gynecological diseases, help strengthen the immune system, treat diseases of the stomach, as well as the cardiovascular system. In addition, you can rinse hair to strengthen them and normalize the structure.
Drugs made on the basis of this plant have an analgesic effect, protecting it from irritation. In addition, they contribute to the normalization of the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
Details: what yarrow looks like
To determine whether this plant can be applied, you need to show it to the doctor, who will recommend what is best for treatment.
As a medicinal raw material, all parts of the plant are used, in particular:
The collection of medicinal raw materials is carried out from the beginning to the middle of flowering, longer on the Ukrainian coast. For this, the tops of the stems are cut at a distance of 15 cm from the top. The leaves just break off from the thickest part of the stem. When conducting blanks need to carefully cut the stalks.
The prepared raw materials are dried in the attic, under a shed or in the gazebo. If there is a dryer, you can dry this plant and in a special device. If a dryer is used, then the temperature in it should be no more than 45 degrees. When carrying out drying, vegetable raw materials need to be turned over periodically.
Yarrow - healthy open greens
Yarrow is an herb of the Astrovie family. It can be found everywhere in Central Asia, the Far East and the European part of Russia. Ordinary field varieties attract little attention, except perhaps soft, rugged leaves.
You can meet such thickets in the forest-steppe zone, along the roads, on rocky and sandy hills. Until now, not everyone knows that the yarrow has ornamental garden varieties with large multi-colored inflorescences. They are often cultivated in flowerbeds.
The plant is also used as a remedy, which is very easy to care for.
Yarrow (Achillea) - perennial herbs with a strong, well-developed rhizome. It consists of several branched rods and simultaneously develops in the vertical and horizontal planes.
Stems slightly branched from the base. They gradually lignify closer to the root neck. The height of the shoots is 15-50 cm (sometimes up to 1 m). Most often, shoots grow vertically, only sometimes they bend.
Foliage on the yarrow grows thickly, it is located next. Petiolate leaves are pinnately-dissected and curved plates, painted in bright green or gray-green color. The edges of the small lobes are notched.
In the middle of summer the top of the stem is lengthened. On it blooms scythe inflorescence, consisting of many small baskets. Each basket has a lush yellow-gray core of tubular bisexual flowers and is framed in a series of white or pinkish reed flowers. The basket diameter is 3-20 mm.
Flowers are pollinated by insects and wind. After this, the achenes mature without tufts with small oblong seeds. Germination lasts up to 4 years.
Types of Yarrow
The genus of yarrow is quite extensive, it covers more than 150 species of plants.
Yarrow. The inhabitant of the forest-steppe, roadsides and home gardens grows almost without care, like a weed. The root system is strongly branched. Erect shoots covered with fluffy rugged leaves. In June-August, a large shield with white or pink flowers is formed at the top. Grades:
- Paprika - covered with cherry-red flowers,
- Marie Ann - dismisses bright yellow shields
- Apple blossom - enchants pale pink buds.
Yarrow PTMAR. The plant is sensitive to cold and drought. Creeping rhizome is close to the surface of the soil. Strongly branched stems form a semishrub up to 1 m in height. They are densely covered with notched foliage. In July-August, dense inflorescences with white or cream flowers bloom. Grades:
- Florepleno - with terry flowers suitable for cutting,
- Pearl - shoots up to 75 cm in height dissolve terry baskets up to 2 cm in diameter.
Yarrow tavolgovy. Perennial up to 1.2 m tall grows gray-green openwork foliage with pinnately dissected plates. The diameter of a separate basket is 5 mm. They are grouped into flat panelous inflorescences up to 13 cm wide. Petals are colored in golden yellow. The flowering period begins in July. Grades:
- gold plate is a very decorative tall shrub with especially dense and dense inflorescences of bright yellow color,
- moonshine - thickets with a height of 4-6 cm dissolve lemon-yellow inflorescences.
Seed propagation is suitable only for species plants, so gardeners are rarely used. Much more often you can observe self-seeding. Pre-grown seedlings. To this end, at the end of February shallow boxes with loose sandy-peat soil are prepared.
Seeds are distributed on the surface with a distance of 2 cm and only slightly crush the ground. The surface is sprayed from a spray bottle. The pot is left in a well-lit and warm place. Shoots appear in 10-15 days.
When 2 true leaves grow, the seedlings swoop in separate peat pots. Further transplantation is done with great care, as sensitive roots easily damage and destroy the plant.
Seedlings need regular watering, when they dry earthen coma, they quickly die. Planting in open ground is carried out in early May, when the plant height will be 10-15 cm.
It is very convenient to propagate adult plants by dividing the bush. This procedure is even necessary in order to avoid aging. Spend it every 2-3 years. The bush is dug in the middle of spring or at the very beginning of autumn, freed from the soil and cut into small delenki with 1-3 points of growth. The resulting plants are planted in fresh soil and watered abundantly.
During the summer, cuttings can be cut from the tips of the lateral shoots. They are rooted immediately in the open field, but at first they create a little shading. Within 1-2 weeks, the cuttings are watered with care and kept under a transparent cap. Plants air daily. After rooting, they are transplanted to a permanent place with a large clod of earth.
Site selection and care
Yarrow grows well in an open, sunny area. Only the yarrow PTmika needs partial shade with protection from midday sunlight. Plants prefer loose, well-drained soils on elevations where groundwater does not flow. Wild varieties can grow even on sand mounds, but ornamental yarrow needs more fertile land.
Before planting, dig a flower bed and make sand and compost. Too zealous with fertilizer is not worth it. Their excess contributes to the development of green mass, and flowering makes it scarce and dim.
The advantage of the yarrow is that its rhizomes are capable of processing sulfur contained in the depths of the soil and enrich the soil with it. Depending on the height of the variety, the distance between the bushes is 15-35 cm.
After planting requires abundant watering.
Daily care for adult specimens is very easy. Watering plants should be moderate, with prolonged absence of precipitation. Irrigation is most in demand in the period of budding and flowering. Do not allow stagnant water in the soil.
For better aeration, the land is regularly loosened and weeds are removed. High bushes need a garter, but in an open, sunny place they can do without it, since the stems grow more slowly and become more durable.
Garden varieties are fed with mineral complexes 2-3 times a year. Do it in the period of budding, flowering and after its completion. Preference is given to universal mineral complexes.
As the inflorescences wither, they are pruned to prevent seed maturation. It is hard enough to get rid of self-seeding. It must be remembered that the yarrow is an aggressive plant. He needs constant monitoring and limitation.
In the fall, shoots are cut almost to the ground. Shelter and additional measures to protect the plant is not needed even in the harsh winter. The roots are very resistant to cold, and in the spring new green shoots appear.
Diseases and pests almost do not bother the yarrow. Its growth exudes a faint smell, which is very unpleasant for insects, so the parasites do not settle in the bushes.
Moreover, the dried stems can be used to repel insects, for example, as a repellent. Diseases also bother the yarrow rarely. Only with improper care and too wet soil root rot develops.
From it helps the treatment of fungicide and compliance with watering.
Use in landscape design
Openwork, soft yarrow foliage is pleasant to the touch and pleases the look of gardeners. The plant can be used to frame a bed with bright flowering plants or as accents in the middle of the lawn.
Yarrow planted to fill the space between the bushes, mixborders and rock gardens. To make the flower garden more saturated, usually several varieties of yarrow are combined with different color of inflorescences.
Also the company can make him delphiniums, lavender, sage, echinacea, poppy, chamomile.
Yarrow - cut grass
Yarrow - achillea millefolium L.
Noble Yarrow - achillea nobilis L.
Asteraceae family - Compositae.
Popular names: whitehead, white porridge, bloodsucker, bloodshed, guliavitsa, matryoshka, nosochistka, odorous grass, cutter, cut grass, wood, gaz terevouk, boymaderon, kvaviskuda.
Yarrow - perennial herbaceous strongly odorous plant with a long thin yellowish creeping rhizome.
Leaves dvukhpiperistorassechenny, with small linear pointed lobes, sometimes pubescent. Flower baskets are small, white, more rarely - pale pink, with tiled wrap. Baskets are collected in the shield.
The marginal flowers in the baskets are false-lingual, female, the median ones are tubular, burly. Height 20–100 cm.
Noble Yarrow - perennial herbaceous odorous plant with a very short branchy rhizome. Leaves are interrupted-doubly peristitoneally cut with small linear lobes. Flower baskets are small, creamy-white. Baskets are collected in the shield. Height 15-50 cm.
Yarrow contains alkaloid Achillein (0.05%), astringent and bitter substances, resins, organic acids, asparagine, carotene (provitamin A), vitamin C, large amounts of vitamin K, phytoncides and essential oil (up to 0.8%). The oil contains proazulen, pinene, borneol, thujone, cyneol, karyofillen, esters and alcohols.
Essential oil more in flowers than in the leaves. For medical purposes, use flowers, leaves, inflorescences.
The plant has a peculiar aromatic smell and bitter taste.
Yarrow herb has hemostatic and anti-inflammatory properties. In the experiment, the infusion of herbs, as well as the juice from the plant, accelerates blood coagulation. In terms of its effect on blood coagulation processes, 0.5% infusion of yarrow is superior to calcium chloride solution at a concentration of 1: 2000-1: 5000. Alkaloid achillein also has hemostatic properties.
Anti-inflammatory properties of yarrow, in all likelihood, associated with the action of essential oil, which includes chamazulene, known as an active anti-inflammatory agent. It is possible that an anti-inflammatory effect can be associated with tannins in a yarrow.
Yarrow enhances bile secretion.
Both types of yarrow have medicinal properties. but stronger - yarrowwhich is usually used in medicine.
Yarrow is an ancient medicinal plant. It has long been widely used in Russian folk medicine.
Plant possesses astringent, diuretic, diaphoretic properties and promotes proper metabolism.
It stimulates the appetite, enhances the activity of the digestive glands and improves digestion, enhances the secretion of milk in nursing women.
Yarrow accelerates blood coagulation, healing of wounds, improves blood circulation and has a "blood cleaning", anticonvulsant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, insecticidal and antiallergic action.
Yarrow is used as a styptic for local bleeding - nasal, dental, from minor wounds, abrasions, scratches, with pulmonary and uterine bleeding, fibroids, inflammatory processes, metropathy, hemorrhoidal bleeding, with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - colitis, peptic ulcer, also recommended for urinary tract inflammation.
Yarrow grass is part of gastric, appetizing and other potions and teas.
When inflammation of the bladder is used a decoction of a mixture of the following plants: 2 tablespoons of yarrow, 1 spoon of berry root, 1 spoon of birch buds, 2 tablespoons of bearberry leaves, 2 tablespoons of the mixture is poured with water (2 grams cup), boiled for 5-7 minutes, insist half an hour, filter and drink the whole broth for day in 4 receptions.
Tea from the flowers of yarrow drink with uterine bleeding and hemoptysis 3 cups a day.
With flatulence (accumulation of gases in the digestive tract with abdominal distension) A mixture of the following plants is considered a good remedy: yarrow leaves 2 tablespoons, cumin seeds 2 spoons, dill seeds 1 spoon, finely chopped oat straw 3 spoons, calamus root 1 spoon and coarsely worn valerian root 1-2 teaspoons. The mixture is stirred, 3 tablespoons of the mixture is poured with 3 cups of water, boiled for 15 minutes, take 3 cups a day.
Collection with a tendency to unstable chair with diarrhea: yarrow 30 g, rose hip 50 g, St. John's wort 30 g, oak bark 30 g, sugar syrup to taste, water 1 l.
Water infusion and decoction of herbs used in kidney disease, kidney disease, lack of appetite and poor appetite, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, in particular, with peptic ulcer, gastritis, diarrhea.
The broth and the infusion of the herb also drink with headache, stomach pain (according to clinical data, stomach pain disappears 15-25 minutes after ingestion) and back pain, colds, asthma and to increase milk production in lactating women and as "blood purifying" remedy for skin diseases.
In folk medicine of Siberia, the infusion of herbs is taken in ulcers and catarrh of the stomach, malaria and as a diaphoretic. In folk medicine of the Karachay-Cherkess region, a decoction of the herb is used for heart diseases, gastric diseases and as an expectorant, and the infusion of the herb is for malaria.
Infusion of yarrow I, as already noted, is a good hemostatic with hemoptysis, bloody diarrhea, and various kinds of bleeding (uterine, gastric, hemorrhoidal, nasal, and bleeding with injuries).
Water infusion and herbal extract is used for abnormal, painful menstruation, as an anesthetic, anti-inflammatory and menstruating remedy. The use of liquid extract and infusion of yarrow in gynecological practice in inflammatory processes of the uterus also gives good results.
In scientific medicine, yarrow preparations are also used in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, peptic ulcer), as an appetizing agent and as a hemostatic.
In folk medicine, the yarrow is part of the main mixture of herbs used to treat pulmonary tuberculosis. Yarrow herb is an integral part of mouth-watering, gastric, and anti-hemorrhoid charges, sold in pharmacies.
Yarrow is also used as an external remedy to stop bleeding and heal wounds, applying fresh crushed leaves to wounds. Infusion of herbs used for rinsing in inflammatory processes of the oral cavity, halitosis and toothache, for enemas with hemorrhoids.
Internal use of yarrow as a poisonous plant requires caution. Prolonged use of plants and taking large doses cause dizziness and skin rashes.
Gallery: Yarrow (25 photos)
Varieties of Yarrow
There are many varieties, many of them are decorative.
The following varieties are distinguished among tall ones:
- Noble Yarrow. It is mainly found in southern Russia, in Kazakhstan, Siberia and the Balkan Peninsula. Prefers steppes, meadows, mountain slopes, coniferous forests and calcareous soil. In some places it grows on too saline soils, even if the concentration of humus is very low. In height, this perennial grayish-green shade from 0.65 to 0.8 m. The stem is branched and simple. The basket is very thick. The leaves are egg-shaped. Flowering occurs in June. Able to survive temperatures up to -30 ° C, but prefers heat. This culture has been bred since the 16th century.
- Yarrow large-headed. This plant is unpretentious. It can be found on the Kuril Islands, Kamchatka and Sakhalin. The height of the stem is about 0.6 m. The inflorescences are white and large. The leaves are whole and large. Flowering begins in August. For landing it is best to choose a sunny place.
- Yarrow. Inflorescences usually appear in the middle of summer. There are yellow, white, purple and pink. Flowering lasts no more than one and a half months. The stem reaches a height of 0.8 m in height. There are decorative subspecies among this species. One of the most popular is the variety Paprika. It is distinguished by the fact that blooms pleases the eye all summer.
- Yarrow Ptarmika. It is also known as a pearl oyster. It grows in European countries. It differs in that the main root has a creeping shape. The plant reaches a height of 1 m. The leaves are small. Inflorescences have a whitish mother-of-pearl shade. Flowering lasts 1-2 months.
- Yarrow is ptarmikolistny. Considered one of the best long-flowering varieties. Flowering begins in June. The plant can be found in the Caucasus. Differs unpretentiousness and endurance. It reaches a height of 0.6 m. The leaves are small and narrow. Inflorescences are white and cream.
- Yarrow tavolgovy. Distributed in the Caucasus and in the middle part of Asia. In height, this perennial can grow to 1.2 m. The leaves are grayish-green and openwork. Inflorescences are yellow and golden. Flowering begins in July and ends in August.
The plant is short. Such species are little known, but they are resistant to frosts, quickly adapting to different climatic conditions. Here are the most popular varieties:
- Yarrow is agravidolistny. His homeland is Greece. It is used for registration of rock gardens. The leaves are narrow lanceolate, covered with a whitish fuzz. In height reaches only 0.2 m. Prefers sunny places. Best suited lime soil. White inflorescences. In width, they are 2.5 cm. You can find this perennial in Siberia.
- Yarrow golden. This plant is resistant to frost. Prefers bright places. Perfect if you need to arrange a winter greenhouse. Terry inflorescences. There are a lot of them. The width of the shield of 5 mm.
- Yarrow umbrella. His homeland is also Greece. This plant is common in the northern hemisphere. In height reaches no more than 12 cm. Leaves are whitish, pubescent. Inflorescences are also white. Flowering begins only in early August and lasts about a month. Usually used for registration of rock gardens.
- Yarrow Keller. This is a hybrid variety. It is not more than 0.2 m high. It prefers limestone soil. Considered semi-evergreen perennial. Leaves are notched feathery. White inflorescences. Flowering begins in mid-summer.
- Yarrow Serbian. His homeland are the Balkans. Leaves are gray-gray. In height, the stem is not more than 0.2 m. Single inflorescences resemble chamomile. Petals are small, white. It blooms in June and July. Prefers calcareous and sandy soils and sunny places.
- Yarrow Erba-Rotta. Distributed in the Alps and the Apennines. It has several subspecies. The height is no more than 15 cm. The leaves are smooth when palpating. White inflorescences. The plant is moisture-loving. The soil should be well mulched and drained.
There are many varieties and subspecies of this herb. Some of them grow in the wild, while others become ornamental.
How to collect and store raw materials
For medical use it is necessary not only to grow properly, but also to collect and store raw materials. Due to improper collection, harvesting and storage, the healing properties deteriorate.
The plant absorbs all the harmful substances that are present in the environment. That is why it is prohibited to collect herbs near roads, large settlements, factories and other sources of pollution. The farther away will be located the place of collection of raw materials from the places where human industrial activity is carried out, the better the healing properties of the plant are manifested. It is best to choose environmentally friendly areas.
In any pharmacy, you can buy ready-made raw materials for household medicines. But you can carry out the procurement and independently. If you want to prepare a decoction, infusion, tea, then experts advise the collection of raw materials during flowering plants. This period can begin in any summer month, depending on the type of flower and the climatic conditions in which it grows. You can engage in harvesting from July to August, and sometimes even to September.
Traditional medicine uses inflorescences or grass stems. In the first case, you need to cut only the upper part, where the inflorescences are located, and the remaining parts of the plant do not need to be damaged (this applies to the root, stem and leaves). In the second case, the top 10 cm of the stem should be trimmed. After that, remove the inflorescences. A sharp short knife or scissors is best for pruning. Tools need to choose a quality. This is very important, as it is important to damage the flower to a minimum. As with the collection of any perennial plant, it is forbidden to pluck a flower together with the root and injure the root system.
Collected raw materials can not wash. The inflorescences and stems are tied into small bunches and laid out on flat surfaces and dried. Before this, be sure to sort out the plants and remove all damaged parts. Bundles are left under a shed or in the attic. It takes 5 days to dry. After that it needs to be crushed and dried. The grass does not contain much water, so there will be no problems with the harvesting. The main thing is that the place where the drying is carried out was ventilated. Stems and buds must be protected from direct sunlight. If it is not possible to dry them on the street, then it is allowed to use the oven, but the temperature should be minimal, no more than + 45 ° С, in order to preserve useful substances.
After drying, the plant is allowed to store no more than 5 years. Then the raw materials lose their beneficial properties. It is best to keep it in fabric bags of natural material or in matchboxes. It is best to leave the raw material in a cool dark place.
Benefit and harm
Medicinal properties and contraindications are varied. They are due to the chemical composition, which includes various elements. The aerial part is rich in flavones, coumarins, resinous substances, tannins, acids of organic type. The plant contains alkaloid Achillein. Aconitic, ascorbic acid, asparagine, inulin, choline, carotene, phylloquinone, mineral salts were found in the composition. In the composition of the seeds up to 20% fatty oils. Leaves and inflorescences contain essential oils (up to about 1%). They have a bluish and yellowish-green hue.
Yarrow is also called bloodsurver, serporez, cutter. These items are related to its ability to stop bleeding and heal wounds. In the old days, a leaf was applied to the nose to stop the bleeding.
Another plant is called the people of the whitehead, consumptive grass, soldier grass. Its application is very diverse. Infusions based on leaves, stems, inflorescences are used for rashes, ulcers on the skin, hemorrhoids. Dried and ground leaves are used as a powder for abrasions and cuts. It speeds healing. Another tool is suitable as a hair rinse, such home remedy will prevent baldness. As a poultice, yarrow is used to treat skin diseases, but it is recommended that you first consult with your doctor.
For internal use is assigned in the following cases:
- as an anesthetic,
- to stop bleeding (internal),
- to enhance the flow of bile,
- to improve your appetite
- as a suicide
- to relieve cough, as it has expectorant properties and improves the output of sputum,
- as a sedative
- as a diuretic medication,
- as a substance that stimulates menstruation.
Still fresh leaves may be used for toothache. They help and from migraine attacks. The composition of the plant parts include flavonoids. They contribute to the expansion of blood vessels in the periphery and contribute to their purification.
This herb treats various ailments. It is considered potent, so you need to be very careful with its use. It is necessary to observe the dosage and not to allow it to exceed.
It is forbidden to use medicines on the basis of yarrow, if the individual intolerance of this plant or individual substances found in its composition is found. Otherwise, the patient may develop an allergic reaction in the form of a skin rash, especially if you apply fresh parts of the plant. With prolonged use, an increased light susceptibility of the skin appears.
It is recommended to accept means by courses, periodically taking breaks. Otherwise, dizziness appears. If taken orally too concentrated solution, it can cause heartburn, especially if a person has an increased acidity of the stomach.
Contraindications to receive:
- pregnancy, as it can cause uterine tone, leading to miscarriage and internal bleeding,
- lactation period
- blood clots and blood vessel diseases.
There are many recipes using this herb. Here are the most popular:
- Juice with problems of the digestive tract. It should be used to normalize digestion, improve appetite for diseases of the gallbladder and liver. It also helps with cancer. Dosage: 1 tsp. fresh grass juice twice a day. Allowed to mix juice with honey.
- Infusion for problems of the gallbladder. 1 tbsp. l herbs brew a glass of boiling water. An hour later to filter. It is taken 1 teaspoon of the remedy three times a day before meals. This home remedy also helps with problems with the bile ducts.
- Remedy for atrial fibrillation. It is necessary to take 60 ml of a weak wine every day in which to dilute 24 drops of fresh yarrow juice and as many drops of rue juice.
- For lower back pain. This applies to myositis, sciatica, kidney disease. 1 tbsp. l grass for an hour to insist in a glass of boiling water, after strain. Drink 1 tbsp. l 4 times a day before meals.
- For acute bronchitis 4 times a day, take 2 tbsp. l fresh grass juice.Also used tincture (30 g of raw materials for 1 cup of vodka) 50 drops in 1 reception.
- For acute gastritis 1 tbsp. l raw materials pour a glass of boiling water and insist 1 hour. Drink 1 tbsp. l 4 times a day before meals.
- When hemoptysis is necessary to take juice 40 drops three times a day. Appointed and uterine bleeding. Instead of juice can be taken infusion: 1 tbsp. l herbs pour 300 ml of boiling water, use 1/3 cup three times a day after meals. This medicine is excellent for inflammation of the pelvic organs in women.
- When hemorrhoids are recommended to take tea: 30 g of raw materials per 1 liter of boiling water. Insist means half an hour. Strain and take in heat three times a day. It also helps with boils.
- With irregular menstruation brew 1 tbsp. l grass a glass of boiling water and eat 1 tbsp. l solution three times a day before meals. A decoction is recommended for urolithiasis.
- Enuresis: 2 tbsp. l Raw materials brew a glass of boiling water and take 4 times a day, 50 ml.
The herb has a very wide use, helps with many diseases.
The plant is widely distributed and known to all. Among medicinal herbs, yarrow is one of the most common. Decoctions and infusions based on it are used to treat various diseases.
Yarrow (A. millefolium)
Widespread frost-resistant perennial up to 70 cm in height with soft finely dissected leaves that produce a sharp invigorating scent. Small white flowers are collected in dense flat inflorescences at the top of the stems.
The Yarrow genus includes about 85 species of plants, some of which have become popular garden flowers today. Especially a lot of decorative hybrids and varieties obtained from yarrow.
Variety with pale yellow flowers.
Variety with cream flowers.
The yarrow received its scientific name (Achillea) in honor of the famous hero of the Trojan War, Achilles. In the Iliad, Homer relates how Achilles healed his comrades in arms on the battlefield. He was taught the art of herbal medicine by the centaur Chiron. In the 11th book of the Iliad, Homer describes how Achilles' relative, Patroclus, heals the wounded warrior Euripides by pulling out an arrowhead from his thigh and dusted the wound with bitter root powder. The bleeding immediately stops, the pain goes away and the wound dries out.
Some other types of yarrow are widely cultivated:
Yarrow and Ptarmika
In these plants, cut inflorescences retain their decorative effect for more than 10 days. Dried in the shade, they are a good material for winter bouquets. After pruning old shoots young green grows, and attractive curtains are formed. These plants take a sunny place, but they reconcile with penumbra. Grow well on any soil. Propagated by seeds and vegetatively.
In the spring and autumn divide the bushes. In July, young shoots are shoveled. Planted in the spring segments of rhizomes quickly take root and bloom in the same summer. In the third year, the plants grow strongly and must be divided. Seeds can be sown at any time of the year. Shelter for the winter is not required.
Yarrow has about 200 herbaceous, rhizomatous perennials from the Asteraceae family, with numerous erect or slightly curved at the bottom, well leafy stems, 50-120 cm in height. About 20 species are found in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia, some are already listed in the "Red a book. " The rest grow in temperate, arctic and alpine regions of the Northern Hemisphere.