Mid-season, indeterminantny grade of a tomato. In the middle lane it is recommended to grow it in a greenhouse. The period from germination to maturity is 120-125 days.
The bush is powerful, up to 1.8 meters tall in the greenhouse, lower in the exhaust gas. Required garter to support and pasynkovanie. The best results were obtained when the plant was formed in 2 stems. The first inflorescence is laid over 7-8 leaf. The leaf is medium sized, green. The inflorescence is simple.
Fruits are flat-rounded, ribbed at the stem, loose, brown at the stage of maturity, weighing 150-250 grams, fleshy, of good taste. These tomatoes are suitable for fresh consumption, preparation of juices, sauces, canning.
Tomato yield Black Baron: up to 3 kg per 1 plant (subject to agrotechnology).
The variety of tomato Black Baron is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for cultivation in the open field and under the film shelters in personal subsidiary farms.
Characteristics and description of the variety of tomato Black Baron
It is mid-season variety. The plant parameters are impressive, the stems can reach 2 meters in height. The first flowers are laid over 7 and 8 leaf. The leaves are saturated with emerald green color.
The variety has many positive qualities:
- possibility of transportation
- universality of use
- pleasant taste,
- disease resistance.
Tomato Black Baron
The disadvantage of the Black Baron is that it is a hybrid variety. This means that the collected seeds are not suitable for cultivation for the next season. They lose properties. In addition, the minus is:
- the need to properly form a bush,
- demanding to feed.
Fruits weigh about 300 grams. Up to 3 kg can be collected from one plant. Fruits are round, slightly flattened. They are sweetish, juicy, fleshy. The skin of the fetus is almost black, does not crack. If tomatoes rip green at room temperature, they ripen. They are used for making salads, pickling, and squeezed juices have an extraordinary tint.
Features of growing
Before sowing seeds for seedlings or in the ground, it is necessary to soak them overnight in a growth stimulator or in aloe juice. Seedlings can be sown in early March. Sow seeds need shallow, about 4 mm. Soil must be fertilized with humus, but not fresh, but rotted. You can also add sawdust, they help retain moisture. When the first pair of leaves appears, the plant should be dived.
To plant seedlings, it is necessary to make a hole in the soil no more than 1 cm. Add humus to the hole, this will increase growth. On the day of planting, seedlings should be watered well to nourish the root system.
Note! Bushes grow very thick, because the seedlings need to be planted at a distance of 45-60 cm from each other.
Bushes need to be strawed, forming two branches. Black Baron is a very thermophilic plant. It should be planted in open ground when it becomes warm enough - in early July. If the tomato grows in a greenhouse, on cloudy days you can use additional lighting - fluorescent lamps.
Tomato is characterized by high yield, but for this it is necessary to fertilize it for a season at least 5 times. It is also necessary to water the plantings often with warm, settled water.
Important! It is not necessary to overmoisten the soil, stagnant moisture in the roots can lead to rotting.
Although the hybrid variety is highly resistant to various diseases, it is still necessary to spray it to prevent late blight. To fight aphids, spraying with warm soapy water is necessary. And to remove slugs, you can use an aqueous solution of ammonia.
After watering the soil can form a crust, which does not allow oxygen to penetrate to the roots. It is necessary to loosen the soil regularly, about once every 10 days. Either grind with peat or straw.
Important! Be sure to tie up the stems, otherwise they will break under the weight of the fruit. One brush can bring up to 5 pcs. tomato fruit.
On a 110–115 day from the emergence of the plant, the first fruits appear.
This variety is recognized as one of the best dark fruit. It will be not only an ornament of beds, but also tasty addition in various dishes.
Description of the "black" variety, differences from other subspecies
General technical characteristics that are important for experienced growers involved in the cultivation of various varieties of tomato, are that tomato:
- mid season
Spreading branches of bushes have a rich green color, the fleshy filling of tomatoes hides almost black peel. The hue of a large tomato is more like a chocolate, maroon color. Soft lines of round shape are complemented by a noticeable ribbing near the stem. The meaty component of the stuffing of sweet tomatoes is excellent for making juices and salads. Emerald stems grow up to 2 meters in height, the juicy fruits of tomatoes weigh up to 300 grams, wide leaves gleam with greens.
Those who decide to grow amazing Black Baron variety tomatoes can draw attention to the following advantages that distinguish the variety from the variety of tomato subspecies:
- Tomatoes are easy to transport, can ripen at room temperature, without losing taste.
- Great for canning, indispensable for making tomato drinks, sauces.
- The fruits of this kind of tomato have unique taste and characteristics, their honey sweetness stands out clearly against the background of tastes of other tomatoes.
- Hybrids have a high immunity, surprising stamina. The plant is resistant to most deadly diseases for tender tomatoes.
The variety can be grown in a limited area of the greenhouse and in the open soil of summer cottages. Sowing of fragile seedlings occurs at the very beginning of spring, in the first weeks of cool March.
Experienced gardeners who had time to familiarize themselves with the characteristics of the "dark" variety, are advised to pour round seeds before sowing with special growth promoters. Future sprouts should stay in the vitamin bath for about 10-15 hours.
Lack of variety
Black Baron, like any sort of hybrid tomato has a number of sad cons, which occurs when growing tomato plants. Experienced gardeners and gardeners note the following nuances of a bright variety:
- Proper formation of a bush is a complicated procedure that not all gardeners can handle,
- fragile branches are quite heavy, each of them needs a strong support,
- To get a good harvest, you should regularly and abundantly approve the plant with top dressing.
In addition, the plant needs frequent watering. Twice a week, the stem should be plentifully filled with room temperature liquid, carefully controlling the amount of water used.
Growing tricks, tips from experienced gardeners
The forums and pages of thematic journals for gardeners, gardeners, you can find not only numerous reviews of different nature, but also useful tips.
The tricks and nuances from the professionals will help beginner gardeners to surprise their neighbors and households with the bright results of a juicy harvest the first time. Among the foundations of successful cultivation:
- The deepening of the soil for planting sprouts should not exceed one centimeter.
- It is necessary to maintain constant heat, the ideal temperature for the variety of tomatoes Black Baron reaches 21-23 degrees.
- Tomatoes love the sun's rays, poorly perceive cloudy weather. In the absence of the sun, additional fluorescent lamps should be used.
- Bushes grow fluffy, so the sprouts are initially planted at a distance of 45-60 cm from each other.
- Green bushes are formed in 1-2 stems, stepchildren should be removed.
Tomato variety should be fertilized with special complex dressings, for the season, the soil should undergo a fertilizer process approximately 5 times.
Reviews of experienced gardeners
Among the diversity of opinions on forums and websites it is easy to find and positive thoughts, and negative impressions associated with unsuccessful consequences of the harvest. Below are some of the reviews:
- I never planted hybrid tomatoes before, I was sure that it was all chemistry and there would be no good result. A year ago, friends treated such delicious tomatoes that they decided to take a chance and try. Chose the "Black Baron", the bush has grown just huge, the fruit - a fairy tale! Juicy and meaty, I advise everyone to try!
- My wife constantly complained that our tomatoes are not suitable for juices and sauces. Indeed, everything seems to be a prescription, but the result is somewhat thin and not very tasty. He planted for his beloved Black Baron, rolls for the whole year ahead! Soon will plant still, the fruits are huge, all sweet, juicy just super.
Tomato Black Baron: variety description
Tomato Black Baron - mid-season high-yielding variety. Indeterminate bush, from 1.5 to 2 m in height, spreading, with abundant formation of green mass. The leaf is dark green, medium size. Fruits ripen in small brushes of 3-5 pieces.
Medium sized fruits weighing from 150 to 250 g. Form rounded, slightly flattened, with pronounced ribbing at the stem. The color is maroon, with chocolate tint.
Tomatoes have a great taste: rich, honey-sweet. The flesh is juicy, fleshy, sugary on the break. The thin glossy peel protects fruits from cracking.
You can compare the weight of the fruits of this variety with others in the table below:
And also, the secrets of early farming varieties or how to care for tomatoes with fast ripening correctly.
Origin and Application
The grade of the Russian selection, is recommended for cultivation in film greenhouses or on open beds. Harvested fruits are well stored, transportation is possible. Green tomatoes are ripened successfully at room temperature.
Black Baron Tomatoes are tasty fresh, suitable for salads, side dishes, soups, sauces, mashed potatoes. Possible whole-canning. Ripe fruit makes a delicious thick juice of the original shade.
Productivity to 3 kg from a plant.
With the yield of other varieties of tomatoes, you can see in the table below:
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the main advantages of the variety:
- high taste of tomatoes,
- fruits are well kept,
- possible use of fruit in cooking, canning,
- disease resistance.
The disadvantages include:
- the need for careful formation of the bush,
- heavy branches need support
- plant requires abundant feedings.
The photo shows a variety of tomatoes Black Baron:
Diseases and pests
Black Baron tomatoes are resistant to the main diseases of the nightshade, but preventive measures will not prevent them. Before planting, the soil must be shed with a hot solution of potassium permanganate.
Young plants are abundantly sprayed with phytosporin. The complexes containing copper help from blight, dark spots on the fruits disappear after the application of potash fertilizers.
Weeding of weeds with subsequent mulching of the soil with straw or peat will help prevent the appearance of parasites.
Apha can be removed with warm soapy water; spraying with sludge helps with spraying with an aqueous solution of ammonia. It is possible to get rid of flying insects with the help of insecticides or decoction of herbs: celandine, chamomile, yarrow.
Black Baron - a variety deservedly loved by gardeners. It is believed that its fruits are the sweetest, besides they are rich in nutrients. Growing plants is not easy, but the result is always happy.
What is a tomato Black Baron?
Characteristic and description of the variety:
- Black Baron refers to the mid-season variety, which brings great harvest to the farmer.
- This is a hybrid that breeders derived by combining the positive properties of many other tomatoes in one plant.
- Tomato bushes Black Baron are quite sprawling.
- Foliage is characterized by a bright green color.
- Tomatoes are fleshy, their color is almost black.
- Large fruits are more red, their color is more maroon than black.
- Near the stem, a ripe round tomato acquires some ribbing.
- Bushes can reach 2 m in height.
- The weight of ripe tomatoes is about 300 g.
The use of tomatoes in food is universal. Fruits equally well can be used fresh, cut, in the preparation of tomato juice or sauce. Every housewife who planted these tomatoes is satisfied with their taste.
Feedback on the grade is positive. To grow this tomato is not so difficult, however, you need to follow a number of basic requirements.
The advantages of the Black Baron are:
- The ability to transport tomatoes over long distances. Fruits can be left to ripen at room temperature, without fear of loss of taste and appearance of the fruit.
- Tomatoes can be used to make pickles and canning. They make good to taste tomato juices and sauces.
- Tomatoes are distinguished by their unique taste characteristics. Their taste is sweet, it can be said, honey, which favorably distinguishes this variety compared to other tomatoes.
- The hybrid variety is resistant to a number of common diseases, including those that affect tomatoes so badly that the bushes dry up.
How to grow tomatoes?
Experts recommend growing plants in greenhouse conditions, but you can plant this variety in open areas. Seedlings begin to cook in the first spring days. It is recommended before planting soak the seeds in a special solution that can stimulate the growth of future tomatoes. It is advisable to hold the seed in this composition for about 15 hours.
Despite all its positive qualities, the Black Baron is characterized by a number of shortcomings faced by the summer resident during the cultivation of this variety. Tomatoes Black Baron need competent formation of a bush. It is necessary to tie up the plants to the support, as the branches can bend under the weight of the tomatoes.
To get a good harvest, it is recommended to constantly fertilize and water the plant, while quite abundant. Water the bushes need water at room temperature, twice a week.
Various forums and subject journals can tell an inexperienced gardener how to grow tomatoes Black Baron so as to get the maximum yield. Experts recommend that you first familiarize yourself with the rules for growing and only then begin planting tomato seeds.
Do not make indentations for planting sprout larger than 1 cm, as this will slow down the growth of bushes. Keep the seedlings and bushes warm, it is desirable that the ambient air temperature be kept at + 21 ... + 23 ° С.
Tomatoes need light, they react rather badly to cloudy weather. With a lack of sun, it is recommended to include special lamps in greenhouses. The bushes are rather sprawling, so you need to keep a distance between them: do not plant sprouts closer than 60 cm from each other.
Shrubs must be formed in 1-2 stems, do not forget to regularly get rid of the stepsons, the only way all the nutrients will come to the fruit.
Plants must be fertilized with mineral complex mixtures. During the season you need to fertilize the soil at least 5 times.
A lot of gardeners who are interested in the Black Baron variety of tomatoes, subsequently grow them constantly.
- average ripening,
- high-yielding (more than 3 kg per bush),
For the Black Baron variety, you need a timely garter for each support, as well as an indispensable cradle. Excellent results give the formation of tomatoes on two stems. The plant is high, more than one and a half meters, and the first inflorescence of this tomato is placed on the seventh or eighth leaf. The stretched branches of the bushes have a beautiful emerald green color.
The shade of a large tomato is chocolate or maroon. The shape of the fruit is rounded, ribbed near the stem. Black Baron is suitable for canning, as well as juice, vitamin salads.
Seeds should be planted on seedlings for 65 or 70 days before planting in the open field or greenhouse, and also should be borne in mind:
- It is desirable to grow seedlings at home, in warm regions, you can use special greenhouses.
- For the cultivation of tomato seedlings in the soil used humus.
- You can also add sawdust, improve the water-physical properties of the soil. Organic fertilizers are also being introduced.
Seeds need to be placed at a depth of 4 millimeters, no more, you need to water abundantly, and the box itself should be placed on a well-lit window sill. If there is no sun, then artificial light should be arranged. Soon there will be the first shoots, sprouts with four leaves, they can already be transplanted into separate small cups. When growing seedlings in peat blocks, seeds can be sown directly in previously prepared cubes.
After the seedlings appear, seedlings are lit around the clock for the first three days, then (before diving) - for 16 hours, after - for 12 hours.
Tomatoes Black Baron love a sunny place. The soil should be not only fertile, but also well heated, as well as exhausted and free. The soil should have a neutral or slightly acidic environment; tomatoes do not grow in acidic soil.
The soil is prepared at the beginning of autumn, it needs to be dug over by twenty centimeters, after which it is added fertilizer. Immediately before planting bushes, the ground must be dug over two or three times to add humus and mineral fertilizers. Just before planting, the fertilizer is placed directly in the well.
In principle, such a tomato is equally suitable for open spaces and film greenhouses. The planting time of tomato seedlings depends on the soil and climatic conditions of the region:
- In the southern regions, seedlings are planted in early May,
- In colder regions - in the second half or at the end of May,
- The risk of frost should be below minus 3 degrees.
In the case of film coating, tomato seedlings are planted 5-10 days earlier. The age of seedlings that can be planted is 60-70 days.
Saplings of middle-ripening varieties to which the Black Baron belongs, are planted 5-7 days after early ripening varieties.
On the day of planting, seedlings are watered to better preserve the root system. It is currently sorted by size and quality. Damaged by pests and suffering from diseases, as well as broken ones, culled, underdeveloped remains to grow. When sowing seedlings of this variety, up to four plants per square meter are placed on their permanent place.
To water a tomato Black Baron does not need often, but regularly, plenty of water (40-50 l / m 2). You can not create conditions for the spread of fungal diseases, turn the soil into a swamp. Also do not forget about the drainage.
The best yields from tomatoes of this variety can be obtained if the plant is formed in two stems. Mandatory for this variety is:
- Direct removal of the stepsons, otherwise there will be no normal ripening of the fetus. So, gradually the bush is formed and forms the ideal form. Binding the bush should be necessary, as it grows quite high - one and a half to two meters, and the stem is not too thick.
- Caring for the bushes means maintaining constant heat, the ideal temperature for a tomato variety should be more than 20 degrees. Tomatoes are very fond of the sun's rays, cloudy weather is not favorable for them.
- During the growing season, the plants are twice wetted with moist soil. For the first time - 20 days after the immediate landing, the second - in 20-25 days. If the plants do not develop well, two weeks after planting they are fed with a solution of suspension, chicken manure or mineral fertilizers. Immediately after such a fertilizer, the plants should be watered properly in order to wash off the remaining solution.
For detailed research and acquaintance with tomatoes of the “Black Baron” variety, you can view the photos below.
Many gardeners, becoming interested in the Black Baron variety of tomatoes, subsequently grow them constantly. Main characteristics:
- High-yielding (more than 3 kg from a bush),
For the "black baron" requires timely garter to any support, as well as the indispensable pasynkovanie. Excellent results gives the formation of a tomato in two stalks. The plant is tall, more than one and a half meters, and the first inflorescence of this tomato is laid over the seventh or eighth leaf. Spreading branches of bushes have a beautiful emerald - green color.
The hue of a large tomato is chocolate or maroon. The shape of the fruit is rounded, ribbed at the stem. Black Baron is suitable for canning, preparing juices, vitamin salads.
Origin of variety and region of planting
Sometimes sources say that the black varieties of tomatoes are genetically modified, however, this is not the case. Back in Soviet times, black tomatoes were used for breeding. Today, the state registry includes many of them.
Variety Black Baron bred by Holland. You can grow it in all regions of Russia, including in the Urals and in Siberia. Variety tolerates minor fluctuations in temperature. In cold regions, one should prefer cultivation in greenhouses, as well as in systems with film shelter. If climatic conditions are milder, normal planting in the ground is possible.
Seeds to be sown on seedlings need 65 or 70 days before planting in open ground or a greenhouse. Growing seedlings at home is advisable, in warm regions, you can use special greenhouses. To grow tomato seedlings in the soil make humus. You can also add sawdust, they improve the water-physical properties of the soil. Still make organic fertilizer.
Seeds should be placed at a depth of four millimeters, no more, they should be watered abundantly, and the box itself should be put on a window sill well lit by the sun. If there is no sun, artificial lighting should be arranged. Soon the first shoots, sprouts with four leaves will appear, they can already be swooped down into separate small cups. When growing seedlings in peat blocks, seeds can be sown directly into pre-prepared cubes.
After the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings light the first three days around the clock, then (before the dive) - for 16 hours, After the dive - for 12 hours.
Tomatoes of this variety love a sunny place. The soil should be not only fertile, but also well heated, as well as drained and loose. The soil should have a neutral or slightly acidic environment; tomatoes do not grow in the acidic soil.
The soil is prepared in early autumn, it needs to be dug up to twenty centimeters, then add fertilizer. Immediately before planting the bushes, the ground must be dug up two or three times, to make humus and mineral fertilizer. Immediately before planting, fertilizer is placed directly in the hole.
In principle, this variety of tomato is equally suitable for open ground and film greenhouses. Terms of planting tomato seedlings depend on the soil and climatic conditions of the region:
- In southern areas, seedlings are planted in early May,
- In colder regions - in the middle or end of May,
- The threat of frost should be below minus 3 degrees.
In the case of film coating, seedlings of tomato are planted 5-10 days earlier. The age of seedlings that can be planted is 60-70 days.
Seedlings of middle-ripening varieties, to which the Black Baron variety belongs, are planted 5-7 days after the early ripening varieties.
On the day of planting, seedlings are watered to better preserve the root system. At this time, it is sorted by size and quality. Damaged by pests and diseased, as well as broken, culled, the underdeveloped leave to grow. When planting seedlings of this variety, up to four plants per square meter are placed in their permanent place.
Watering a red baron tomato is necessary not so often, but regularly, with plenty of water (40-50 l / m2). It is impossible to create conditions for the spread of fungal diseases, to turn the soil into a swamp. Also do not forget about the drainage.
The best results from a tomato of this variety can be obtained if the plant is formed in two stems. It is obligatory for this variety to remove the stepsons, otherwise there will be no normal ripening of the fruit. Thus, the bush is gradually formed to perfect shape. It is necessary to tie up the bush, as the mouth grows quite high - one and a half or two meters, and its stem is not very thick.
Caring for the bushes involves maintaining constant heat, the ideal temperature for a variety of tomatoes Black Baron should be more than 20 degrees. Tomatoes are very fond of the sun's rays, cloudy weather is not favorable for them.
During the growing season, plants twice spud moist soil. For the first time - 20 days after disembarkation, the second - after another 20 or 25 days. If plants do not develop well enough, then two weeks after disembarkation, they are fed with a solution of slurry, chicken manure or mineral fertilizers. Immediately after such feeding, the plants should be watered in order to wash off the remnants of the solution.
Like any other tomato, the Black Baron is prone to various diseases, among which the most common are late blight, macrosporia, streak, septoriosis, stolbur, and vertex rot. Among the most recommended measures against these diseases is a 3-time spraying with preparations containing copper during the growing season, since the beginning of flowering.
The most common late blight of tomatoes, which manifests itself in 1-2 decades of August, with the onset of cool nights. When removing the fruits, carefully examine the leaves so that when the first signs of the disease appear (the leaves turn dark, brown, the stems turn brown, you can see vague hard spots on the fruits) to take urgent and effective measures.
This variety of tomato begins to bear fruit on 110 or 115 days from the day of the first shoots. In one brush there are several tomatoes (three - five). The variety is considered to be medium. The yield of tomato Black Baron is quite high: it averages three kilograms per plant. Fruits often reach three hundred grams, and the fleshy flesh almost hides - that black peel. Tomatoes of this variety are suitable for harvesting in the winter.
Pros and cons varieties
The variety “Black Baron” is a hybrid variety, and therefore has some drawbacks. The main disadvantage, due to which problems arise for inexperienced gardeners - is the need to form a bush. Also a minus of a grade is fragility of branches which need an obligatory support. In addition, for a good yield, tomatoes must be constantly fertilized.
However, the positive properties of the plant successfully compensate for these minor difficulties:
- Tomatoes are well transported, they can ripen in the room, while not losing their taste.
- Excellent table variety suitable for canning, it is good for juices and sauces,
- The fruits are very tasty and sweet,
- The plant is more resistant than red varieties, less afraid of pests.
Today, tomato seeds of black varieties are no longer exotic, they are quite accessible to every gardener, the only question is in choosing the right variety. If you decide to choose the Black Baron variety, then you will definitely not be disappointed in it.