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Calendula - useful properties, use, recipes and treatment of calendula

The article speaks about Calendula - its medicinal properties and the use of medicinal plants. You will learn from what helps calendula, and how to use it properly for the treatment of diseases. Using our tips, you will learn how to prepare plant-based medicines.

Appearance (photo) of Calendula Calendula officinalis (lat. Calendula officinalis) is a herbaceous plant of the Calendula genus of the Aster family. Calendula officinalis is nothing like garden marigolds - bright yellow and orange flowers with many petals.

How does it look

Calendula officinalis - an annual erect plant, grows up to 20−75 cm. The root of the plant stem.

Calendula has thick, ribbed shoots of a light green color with pubescent, sticky glandular hairs. The leaves are simple, alternate, elongated or oval, light green in color. The leaves of the plant are covered with sparse, stiff hairs.

On single-row wrapper are narrow leaves. The flowers are yellow or orange, reed, shiny above and matt below. Tubular flowers - small yellow, orange or dark brown. How does calendula bloom? The flowers of the plant are collected in baskets 5–6 cm in diameter. In the photo below, calendula - when the plant blooms - from June to autumn frosts. By the way, the flowers of the plant are used to make calendula oil, read more in this article.

In July - September the fruits ripen. Fruits of a calendula - achenes of a different form and size. Propagated by seed plant. For more information, see the calendula seeds article.

Chemical composition

The chemical composition of calendula flowers:

  • carotenoids
  • flavonoids,
  • polyphenols,
  • polysaccharides,
  • tar,
  • mucus
  • essential oil,
  • organic acids
  • B vitamins,
  • vitamin C,
  • magnesium,
  • calcium,
  • potassium,
  • manganese,
  • fluorine.

Medicinal properties

Calendula flowers - medicinal properties:

  • antibacterial,
  • bactericidal
  • antiviral,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • soothing
  • antispasmodic,
  • pain killer
  • anti-cancer,
  • anticoagulant
  • expectorant
  • anticonvulsant,
  • diuretic,
  • sudorific
  • immunomodulatory.

We have listed the medicinal properties of calendula, and now we will tell you what kind of pharmacological effect the plant has on the human body.

Calendula medicinal use has long been received in traditional medicine. The plant is used to treat colds of upper respiratory tract, ARVI and flu. In addition, calendula-based medications are used to eliminate the symptoms of herpes. The plant has antibacterial, bactericidal and antiviral effects. Eliminates inflammation in the body, increases the productivity of cough and strengthens the immune system. Read more in the article calendula throat.

Calendula helps with gastrointestinal diseases, gastritis and ulcers are treated with decoction and tincture of plants. Medicines based on marigolds eliminate inflammations of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, improve digestion.

With its high anti-inflammatory properties, calendula is useful for all infectious diseases. Use the plant for inflammation of the urinary system, in gynecology. Equally important is the diuretic action - not only for the treatment of cystitis and pyelonephritis, but also to reduce pressure.

Calendula flowers and grass have medicinal properties in relation to the cardiovascular system. The plant not only lowers the pressure due to the diuretic action, but also thins the blood and prevents the formation of blood clots, improves heart function. Calendula helps to increase the amplitude of heart contractions and slows down their speed. The plant helps to increase the elasticity of the vascular walls, helps calendula with hemorrhoids. When hemorrhoids use candles with calendula.

What is useful calendula? It has a calming effect on the central nervous system, reduces the severity of reflex excitability. Possessing analgesic and antispasmodic properties, calendula eliminates headaches and reduces the intensity of manifestations of migraine attacks.

Calendula is used not only in traditional medicine, but also in home cosmetology. Calendula flowers and grass are used in facial medicines, for example, acne, and hair.

For more information about calendula in cosmetology, see the following video:

Calendula decoction

Calendula decoction Calendula decoction from what helps? The drug is used to eliminate pain in the digestive tract and during menstruation, treatment of diseases of the gallbladder and liver, proctitis, hemorrhoids. It helps decoction of plants with colds and flu, relieves anxiety and insomnia.

Ingredients:

  1. Calendula inflorescences - 2 tablespoons.
  2. Hot boiled water - 200 ml.

How to cook: Put the dried flowers of calendula in a pot with a thick bottom and cover with hot boiled water. Put in a water bath and heat for 15 minutes. cool broth for an hour. Before use, strain and bring the volume to the original, topping up with cold boiled water.

How to use: Take orally 2 tablespoons 2−3 times daily before meals. Also, the decoction is used in the form of enemas - 1 teaspoon per ¼ cup of water. In gynecology, a tampon is moistened in broth and injected into the vagina overnight.

Alcohol tincture of calendula

Calendula tincture from what helps? Alcohol tincture is a more concentrated drug compared to decoction. It has high antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. It is used internally for colds and flu, as well as externally for disinfection and healing of wounds and burns. Calendula helps with allergies.

Ingredients:

  1. Dry calendula blossoms - 250 g
  2. Vodka - 100 ml.

How to cook: Pour the dry raw materials into a glass jar or bottle, fill with vodka. Infuse the drug for 2 weeks in a dark and dry place.

How to use: Take inside 20−30 drops 2−3 times a day. For outdoor use, make compresses with calendula tincture. Read more about the usefulness of calendula tincture in this article. You may also be interested to learn about the infusion of calamus and calendula.

Calendula tincture photo: Calendula tincture sold in a pharmacy

Calendula Ointment

Calendula ointment has a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect. Use ointment to accelerate the healing of wounds, cracks and deep cuts. It helps the drug in infectious skin diseases and allergies, protects against the harmful effects of aggressive sunlight and frost.

Ingredients:

  1. Dry flowers of calendula - 100 g
  2. Baked lard - 200 g

How to cook: Crush dry flowers to a state of powder and mix with melted pork lard. Place the mixture in a water bath and heat until smooth. Cool and pour into a glass jar, put in the refrigerator.

How to use: Apply a small amount of ointment to problem areas of the skin and lightly rub. Repeat the procedure 2-3 times a day.

Read more about calendula ointment in this article.

Contraindications

In this section, we will talk about Calendula - indications and contraindications to the use of plant-based medicines.

  • colds, SARS, flu,
  • gastritis, stomach and intestinal ulcers,
  • intestinal disorders
  • diseases of the biliary tract and liver,
  • heart disease, which occur with rhythm disturbances,
  • hypertension,
  • proctitis and hemorrhoids,
  • headaches,
  • bleeding gums and other dental diseases,
  • dermatological diseases,
  • wounds and burns
  • inflammation of the bladder,
  • inflammatory gynecological diseases,
  • painful menstruation.

  • individual intolerance,
  • low blood pressure
  • heart failure,
  • pregnancy and breastfeeding,
  • simultaneous use of anticoagulants
  • simultaneous use of sedatives,
  • simultaneous use of antidepressants.

Before using medicines based on calendula, be sure to consult with your doctor.

What to remember

  1. Calendula officinalis or marigold - a plant that has beneficial properties, including bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, firming and others.
  2. On the basis of calendula, decoctions, spirit tinctures and ointments are prepared. In the pharmaceutical industry, calendula candles are made, which are used to treat hemorrhoids.
  3. Before using medicines based on calendula, be sure to consult with your doctor, the plant has contraindications to use.

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Calendula - contraindications to receive

Calendula use is contraindicated in:

  • pregnancy and breastfeeding,
  • low blood pressure
  • exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases,
  • children up to 12 years.

Calendula can also not be used with herbs that have a sedative effect.

Calendula very rarely causes allergies, but in people who are allergic to plants of the Compositae family (chamomile, chrysanthemum, daisy, etc.), it can cause skin reactions in the form of dermatitis, itching, and others. Therefore, before using calendula, check the reaction on the skin.

In the presence of cardiovascular diseases, you can take calendula only after consulting a doctor.

It is not recommended to use calendula for cholelithiasis, as choleretic action can provoke the movement of stones and lead to blockage of the bile ducts.

Children after 12 years can be given drugs and medicines with calendula with great care, in small doses and after the permission of the doctor.

Recipes for calendula for medicinal purposes

Calendula decoction. 1 teaspoon calendula flowers pour 1 cup boiling water. Hold for 30 minutes, strain. Store the broth to be in the refrigerator, but not more than 2 days. You can take only in the form of heat.

Alcohol tincture of calendula. Take 100 ml of 70% alcohol and mix with 10 g of calendula flowers, leave to stand for several hours.

Calendula oil. Place fresh calendula flowers in a бан volume glass jar and pour vegetable (sunflower or olive) oil to the rim. Cover with a lid and leave in a cold place for 10 days, shaking occasionally. After, strain the oil through 2-3 layers of gauze and store in the refrigerator.

Calendula ointment. Pound 1 teaspoon of powdered flowers with 15 g of petroleum jelly.

Also, for the preparation of ointments, you can use fresh calendula juice, for this recipe, just mix it with lanolin in a ratio of 1:10.

Calendula treatment

Important! Before using calendula, be sure to consult your doctor!

Sore throat, tonsillitis, pharyngitis. Take 1 tbsp. spoonful of dried flowers of calendula, pour a glass of boiling water, let stand for 1 hour, strain. Gargle 2-3 times a day. The tool will help clear the throat of infection and relieve pain in the throat.

Alcoholic tincture of calendula stir in a glass of water at the rate of 1 tbsp. spoon tincture in a glass of water. Gargle 2-3 times a day.

Hypertension. Make a collection of 4 tbsp. spoons of calendula flowers, 1 tbsp. spoons of black currant leaves and 2 tbsp. spoon strawberry leaves, mix everything thoroughly. Further, 1 tbsp. spoon pour a glass of boiling water, cover the container with a lid and let it stand for about 30 minutes, then strain. Take the infusion to 100 g, 5 times a day, 20 minutes before meals.

Dizziness. 10 g of calendula pour 200 ml of boiling water, let it stand, then drink 1–3 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day.

Stomatitis. Dissolve 1 teaspoon pharmacy calendula tincture with a glass of boiled water and rinse the mouth during the day.

Periodontal disease. 10 g of calendula pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 2 hours, strain and rinse the mouth cavity with infusion during the day.

Aphtha. 1 tbsp. spoon calendula pour a glass of boiling water, put the tool on the stove and boil it for about 10 minutes on low heat. The resulting decoction, in the form of heat, rinse the mouth cavity.

Thrush (candidiasis). 1 tbsp. spoon calendula pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 1 hour. Strain, rinse the mouth 2-3 times a day.

Dissolve the calendula tincture purchased (1 tsp for 1 cup of boiled water) and rinse the mouth cavity the same number of times.

Barley on the eye. 15 g of calendula pour a glass of cold boiled water, let stand in a warm place for 30-40 minutes, strain. Use in the form of heat as lotions and compresses.

Blennay 1 tbsp. spoon calendula pour a glass of boiling water, wrap a towel and let stand for 30-40 minutes, then strain thoroughly. It is possible to use such a tool for rinsing the eyes, as well as lotions and compresses on the eyes, but only in the form of heat so as not to catch a chorus of the optic nerve.

Gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, liver disease. 1 tbsp. Pour a spoonful of calendula with a glass of cold water, heat for 15 minutes in a boiling water bath, cool and strain. Add boiled water to a volume of 1 cup. Take 3 times a day and 1 tbsp. a spoon.

Colitis. Mix 2 parts of calendula flowers with 2 parts of blackberry leaves with gray. 4 tsp of collection brew in a glass of boiling water. Eat 0.5 cups 3 times a day, before meals.

Hepatitis, jaundice. 2 tsp of calendula pour 2 cups boiling water, leave for 1 hour, strain. Take 0.5 glass 4 times a day.

Nephritis. To prepare the collection, mix the following ingredients: 40 g of calendula, 40 g of Hypericum, 40 g of immortelle sandy, 30 g of chicory flowers, 30 g of buckthorn bark, 20 g of coarse herb and 10 g of chamomile. Next, pour 20 g of collection with 2 cups of boiled water, let it stand for 10 hours. After that, bring the product to a boil and boil on low heat for about 5 minutes, cool and strain. Drink throughout the day.

Enlargement of the spleen. Mix in equal proportions Calendula and Yarrow. 20 g of the collection pour 500 ml of boiling water, leave in a warm place for 40 minutes. Strain and take 1/3 cup 2 times a day.

Malaria. Collect 2 parts of calendula flowers, 3 parts of wormwood grass, 5 parts of sunflower flowers, and 10 parts of centaury grass. 1 tbsp. brew a spoonful of collecting in a glass of boiling water, let it brew for 40 minutes. Strain, take 0.5 glass 4 times a day, before meals.

Bruises, bruises, bruises, etc. Lubricate the places of damage with ointment or alcohol tincture of inflorescences of calendula (recipe see above).

Tonic for washing. 1 teaspoon calendula pour a glass of boiling water and let it brew for about 30 minutes, then strain, cool and use for washing.

Acne. 50 g of calendula pour 0.5 liters of vodka and insist for 10 days. In a glass of boiled water, dilute 1 teaspoon of tincture and use in the form of heat for lotions.

1-2 tbsp. Spoon dried crushed calendula flowers with a nourishing face cream (for example, with a child). Lubricate eels in the morning and evening.

From freckles and age spots. Squeeze the juice from fresh flowers and spread the problem areas of the skin. In the juice, to enhance the effect, you can add the juice of red currant.

Bast from a calendula. Take a glass of rolled oats, add 2 tsp of calendula oil, mix thoroughly. Put the mixture in a linen bag, tie it tightly. Use in the shower.

How is calendula applied?

Calendula has found wide application not only in folk but also in official medicine. This plant is an excellent raw material for the production of various drugs, due to its composition.

For raw materials suitable flower baskets of this plant.They are carefully separated from the leaves and the stem and dried in the sun.

Most often from dried flowers prepare the tincture. It is used for gargling with sore throat and tonsillitis, speaking disinfectant.

For the treatment of diseases of the intestine using a decoction of calendula flowers. In the same form, this plant is used for asthma and liver problems. A decoction of "marigold" - a great assistant for cervical erosion, they make douching. Fresh Calendula is an effective remedy for warts.

Growing lavender in the garden is not only beautiful, but also useful.

Read here how to transplant violet.

Useful properties of calendula

Calendula has many acids in its composition - malic, pentadecyl, a small percentage of salicylic and ascorbic, as well as essential oil, mucus, carotene, phytoncides and many other substances, thanks to which this unpretentious plant has valuable pharmacological properties. What effect does the calendula have on the body?

  • Anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect.
  • Calendula can suppress the growth of the number of bacteria - streptococci and staphylococci.
  • "Marigold" - an excellent antispasmodic.
  • Calendula stimulates secretory function, has a choleretic effect.

Growing marigold

The peculiarity of calendula in its absolute simplicity. It grows well in full sun in well-drained fertile soil. If you plant a calendula in a thick shade, you may see signs of damage to the plant with powdery mildew.

In addition, while in the shade, the plant will stretch, and the inflorescences will be small. The most favorable place for planting is near the trunks of trees, where sunlight breaks through the branches, but it is not too intense.

Seeds are sown at the beginning of May, and if the spring is early, then at the end of April. First, prepare the soil, make for each square meter half a bucket of humus along with the ash.

You can add superphosphate and organic potassium, twenty grams of both. During flowering, urea is applied to the soil.

Tips for the summer resident: Gatsania, landing and care.

For planting make small holes, having a depth of two to three centimeters, in each of which lay a few seeds, pre-moistened soil. Between the holes you need to leave a distance of at least thirty centimeters.

To create a thick flower bed, seeds are planted every ten centimeters, leaving about fifty centimeters between rows. Within two weeks, the calendula sprouts, and after a month and a little, it begins to bloom.

To prolong flowering, the plant is planted in several stages. It should be noted that too thick planting, as well as excessive feeding can lead to black spot disease.

Calendula care

Calendula does not require much effort and time to care for it. It needs good regular watering, which is carried out at the root. It is advisable to loosen the soil between plants once a week and remove weeds.

Not too often, calendula needs to be fed with complex fertilizer, about once every two weeks. To make the plant look lush, it is pinched.

Do not do this only if the calendula is grown for cutting.

The bright orange flowers of calendula will decorate any flowerbed or lawn in front of the house, besides the plant is very useful. Why not try growing such wonderful flowers in your country house?

Recommended for familiarization: Primula, planting and care.

Calendula features

Nails medicinal. Botanical illustration from the book “Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen”, 1887.

Bright, sunny calendula flowers from ancient times attracted healers. In the first century BC, Diascorides used them in their practice, but they became most popular in the Middle Ages.

It was recommended to grow the culture in gardens and on farmsteads, and if you feel unwell, just look at it and get charged with solar energy. Healers used calendula juice to heal wounds. Collected valuable flowers exclusively in sunny weather, left in transparent jars in the sun for several days, then squeezed and used in the form of lotions.

The ubiquitous plant has received numerous names. Our popular “marigolds” - Slavic, displays the shape of petals that look like animal claws. At the beginning of the eleventh century, the culture in Europe was called “Mary’s Gold” or Mary’s gold. The name comes from the dedication of the Virgin Mary, the patron saint of healers and the sick. The official name adopted today, Calendula officinalis, originated in the eighteenth century. Introduced by his nerd liberty bale.


Calendula is an annual herb with a low straight stem. It grows no more than seventy centimeters, but usually even lower. Stem rounded, single or branched. Sometimes several stalks that are almost identical to each other grow from the same root.

Medicinal marigolds covered with leaves of characteristic shape. At the base of the stem, they are large, reversely egg-shaped. As they grow, the shape of the leaves changes, they transform into lanceolate leaves and rise to the most receptacle.

At the top of the stem and its lateral processes are formed cups of flowers. In the outer part of the plant flowers are usually yellow, large. It is from these that the fruits and seeds are formed. In the inner part of the “bush” flowers, orange-red marigold flowers are useless from the point of view of the spread of culture because they are sterile. But the useful properties of calendula in them are manifested to a greater extent, since the rich orange color of the petals indicates an increased content of valuable substances in them.

Flowering begins in August and lasts for a long time - up to four months. On the central receptacles are tied fruit. They take the form of curved seeds and brown color - an indicator of maturity - by the end of August. Planting plants emit a pronounced, characteristic bitter flavor.

Spread and cultivation

Among the medicinal plants is difficult to find less capricious. In nature, calendula is widespread throughout central and southern Europe. Wild flowers are small but attractive, which is why in the middle of the eighteenth century the company began to cultivate plants for decorative purposes.

It took root wherever it was planted. With little care, consisting in the absence of weeds in the surrounding soil, blooms more coarsely and massively. This allowed planting a calendula medicinal plant as an ornamental plant in parks for landscaping settlements. In the twentieth century, plantations of plants for the needs of the pharmacological industry were founded for the purpose of industrial harvesting.

Collecting and harvesting

Medicinal raw materials - inflorescences of culture. The collection is carried out during the flowering period, when all the flowers are well disclosed. Pluck marigold flowers should be as close as possible to the receptacle. If there is inside the peduncle, it is removed.

The peculiarity of the plant is that the more flowers it is plucked during flowering, the more intense it begins to bloom. Therefore, on cultivated plantations during the flowering period, it is possible to carry out up to twenty mass gatherings. And the period itself lasts from mid-summer to the first frost.

After collecting the flowers should be quickly dried. For this purpose warm attic rooms or shaded canopies are used, where the raw materials are laid out on paper or newspapers in a thin layer. Drying time is no more than four hours. After that, the raw materials are collected and placed in breathable fabric bags or paper bags.

Composition and properties

The massive use of calendula flowers is related to their chemical composition. It defines the calendar substance that forms the specific taste of the raw material. Up to four percent is mucus, about three and a half percent are in resin. High content of malic and salicylic acids.

The combined composition has a pronounced antiseptic effect. In vitro, activity has been proven in relation to the inhibition of staphylococcal and streptococcal colonies. Also during the tests revealed a slight choleretic effect and sedative effect. As the dosage increases, the drugs cause drowsiness and lower blood pressure.

The use of medicinal marigolds

The use of calendula is a widespread and well-studied practice. Its specific aspects can be traced in different countries of the world.

  • Russia Ukraine. It is used to treat the gastrointestinal tract. Infusions were taken orally for ulcers, gastritis, pain in the intestines, and liver diseases.
  • Poland. Infusion of calendula - a folk remedy for hepatitis.
  • Germany. The most common use of culture in Germany, from the middle ages. The healing properties of calendula herbs were used to heal wounds, ulcers, rashes, and inflammatory skin diseases. It was noted the regulatory effect of the drug when administered to menstruation, therefore, infusions were recommended in gynecology for menstrual disorders, as well as for the treatment of associated hormonal diseases - uterine fibroids, fibroids. Modern medicine has not identified evidence of the effect of the infusion on hormones and recommends using calendula for douching in inflammatory processes of the vagina for women, and treatment of the external genital organs for men.
  • Brazil. The use of marigold flowers is common in maintenance therapy in the treatment of cancer, especially tumor diseases of the digestive tract. It should be noted that the plant does not cure cancer, but in the states when official medicine is not able to do anything more, taking the medicinal infusion inside brings temporary relief and improvement. In Russia, the production of the drug "KN" in the form of tablets. The composition of the two components - flowers of calendula and nicotinic acid. Means means in this way. Also, as a maintenance therapy, the use of inside water infusion is recommended.

The following types of effects of calendula-based preparations were clinically confirmed.

  • Antiseptic for external damage. Use alcohol tincture or ointment for the treatment of uncomplicated or infected wounds, cuts, burns. The remedies are effective in treating boils, frostbites, bruises.
  • Anti-inflammatory and wound healing in gynecology. Calendula preparations are prescribed as a wound-healing agent in the treatment of cervical erosion. Anti-inflammatory activity is high in the treatment of colpitis.
  • Anti-inflammatory in dentistry. Used drugs for the treatment of oral cavity, gums in the treatment of gingivitis, stomatitis. Homemade infusion can serve as a high-quality prophylactic agent for diseases of the oral cavity.
  • Choleretic in the treatment of hepatitis, cholecystitis. Use the infusion of the plant to stimulate the secretion of bile with obstruction of the bile ducts, jultuha.
  • Wound healing in the treatment of mucous membranes of the digestive tract. The healing properties of calendula are used in the official therapeutic practice of ulcerative diseases, including the stomach, duodenum.
  • Hypotensive at elevated pressure. Clinical experience in patients receiving hypertension of the infusion of medicinal calendula showed that within three weeks the therapy improved the patient's well-being, normalized sleep and lowered blood pressure. The effectiveness of the drug is high in the initial stages of the disease.

Thus, the question of why calendula tincture is widely interpreted in various fields of medicine, including the treatment of injuries, gynecology, dentistry, therapy of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

In cosmetology, calendula oil is used and an infusion for oily skin prone to rashes. Also used calendula for hair in the form of water infusion and oil. The healing composition nourishes the scalp, stimulates hair growth, protects them from falling out.

Water infusion for insomnia

A slight sedative effect will be demonstrated by a medicinal plant for neurosis, anxiety, and sleep disorders. Reduce high blood pressure, reduce the severity of palpitations and shortness of breath.

  1. Put the raw material in a thermos. Use a tablespoon of flowers.
  2. Fill with boiling water of two hundred milliliters.
  3. Leave it for three hours.

Use the infusion inside a tablespoon up to four times during the day and at night.

Infusion to rinse

In inflammatory diseases of the throat and oral cavity, an infusion will reduce the intensity of inflammation and relieve pain, speed up recovery.

  1. Put the raw material in a thermos. Use two tablespoons of flowers.
  2. Fill with boiling water of two hundred milliliters.
  3. Leave it for one hour.

Use the infusion to rinse the throat and mouth. It can also be used for douching in gynecological practice.

Ointment for wounds

The healing properties of the plant will be useful in non-healing wounds of the extremities, in particular, in diabetes, with boils, purulent ulcers. It is recommended to use in the form of ointment on the basis of vaseline.

  1. Powder the flowers. Use a teaspoon of raw materials.
  2. Mix with vaseline twenty-five grams.

Store medical ointment should be in the refrigerator. Instead of crushed leaves for its preparation, you can use alcohol tincture of the same volume.

Infusion when coughing

The presence of mucus in the medicinal raw materials and a pronounced antiseptic effect make the plant effective in the treatment of cough with difficult sputum secretion associated with inflammation of the upper respiratory tract.

  1. Place flowers in a bowl, use two tablespoons.
  2. Fill with boiling water of two hundred milliliters.
  3. Heat in a water bath for fifteen minutes.
  4. Strain.

Take the tool should be three times during the day, warm two tablespoons. It has an expectorant, enveloping effect.

According to reviews, the calendula has no contraindications. It is a universal, safe treatment for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, minor disorders of the cardiovascular system. Most effective when used externally as an antiseptic, wound-healing agent in the form of an aqueous and alcohol tincture.

Growing conditions

Calendula survives on any soil, but the highest yield can be obtained at high humidity and in well-lit areas. Perhaps the perennial use of the site where calendula is grown. On the eve of sowing, the soil is plowed to a depth of 0.2 m. Seeds are sown in early spring. In the beds with the emerged shoots weed and loosen the soil. Weeding and plowing of the soil is repeated 2-3 more times at the beginning of the summer period. It is also advisable to feed the soil with fertilizers (up to 2 times). [3]

Watering moderate. Too thickly seeded calendula may be affected by powdery mildew. Calendula resistant to returnable frosts. In addition to spring sowing, it is possible to sow seeds before winter. Well grow up marigolds and from self-seeding. The plant blooms about a month after the seedlings emerge. [eight]

Collection of inflorescences-baskets carried out from 8 to 12 times during the entire vegetative period, since the period of flowering calendula lasts a long time. Harvest raw materials in the phase of mass flowering. Rip those inflorescences in which the tubular flowers partially opened, and reed - arranged horizontally. The basket may remain part of the peduncle up to 3 cm long. Collect calendula up to frost, as it blooms at intervals of 2 to 5 days. After the fourth to fifth harvesting inflorescences become much smaller. Dry the nails immediately, in the shade, under a canopy, sprinkling a thin layer on a tarp or burlap and shaking from time to time. The readiness of the raw material is determined by the degree of friability of the inflorescences into pieces. Permissible shelf life of 1 year. [2]

What exactly is used and in what form

Calendula flower petals, whole flower inflorescences, and leafy flowering tops have medicinal value.From marigold inflorescences prepare an infusion, tincture, tea, decoctions. The extract of marigold medicinal is included in the composition of tablets, ointments, lotions. Calendula tincture is applied externally as lotions, for lubrication and healing of cuts, burns, ulcers and wounds, for douching, rinsing. Marigolds are present as part of numerous herbal preparations. Calendula is widely used in homeopathy.

The use of calendula in official medicine

Preparations based on calendula officinalis:

  • Tincture of calendula,
  • Pills kh (composed of calendula flower powder and nicotinic acid). Assign to reduce the effects of dyspepsia with cancer of the esophagus, stomach, intestines. Symptomatically, together with nicotinic acid, calendula favorably affects malignant tumors of the stomach that cannot be operated on,
  • Caleflon (purified extract of calendula flowers in the form of tablets) - used for gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, chronic gastritis in the acute phase to eliminate inflammation and accelerate healing,
  • Kaferid (as part of the preparation of iron oxide and flowers of marigold medicinal). It is prescribed for anemia as a means of stimulating blood formation. [five]

The use of calendula officinalis in traditional medicine

  • With inflammation of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract, half a tablespoon of calendula petals is poured with a glass of boiling water. Give brew and take a tablespoon every 60 minutes. [five]
  • With scrofula, rachitis and swelling of the spleen, they drink 2 cups a day of tea from marigold flowers and yarrow grass, taken in equal parts.
  • For diseases of the liver and biliary tract, take a tablespoon of herbal mixture from Hypericum, knotweed, chicory, immortelle, buckthorn bark and chamomile and calendula flowers (2: 1: 1.5: 2: 1.5: 0.5: 2), pour raw water, insist night, boil for 7 minutes in the morning, insist for 20 minutes and take 3 cups a day.
  • For painful menstruation, a tablespoonful of a mixture of calendula flowers and mallow flowers (wood mallow) in proportions of 6: 4 per cup of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes and take 3 cups per day.
  • With furunculosis, they drink tea from a mixture of marigold flowers, burdock roots, walnut leaves, and creeping wheat grass (4,2,5: 1,5: 2). A tablespoon of this mixture is poured with a glass of boiling water, allowed to infuse for a quarter of an hour and take 0.5 cups three times a day. [7]
  • For hypertension, in order to reduce and stabilize blood pressure, it is recommended to take a long collection: 9 tablespoons of marigold flowers pour 0.2 l of vodka and leave for 10 days in a glass container in a dark and cool place, shaking from time to time. After that, strain, take 20 drops three times a day with water.
  • For angina, atherosclerosis, hypertension, painful sensations in the heart area and neurotic states, the following collection is useful: a tablespoon of valerian root and dill seeds and 2 tablespoons of licorice root, calendula flowers and herbs. Spoon the mixture of all the ingredients pour 200 ml of boiling water, boil for half an hour in a water bath, let it brew, strain it chilled. Add boiled water, increasing the volume to 0.2 liters. Drink the third part of the cup three times a day for three weeks, after taking a break and continue the course for another 2 weeks. [eight]
  • A good anti-inflammatory and bactericidal agent is considered to be calendula flower powder: it should be taken three times a day, 0.3 - 0.5 g, washed down with water, or with honey.
  • For neuroses, as a sedative: take 2 tablespoons of inflorescences of calendula and oregano herbs, a tablespoon of tansy flowers. Mix, a tablespoon of herbal mixture pour 200 ml of boiling water, and under the lid warm in a water bath for a quarter of an hour. Then cool and strain. Drink a quarter cup 4 times a day for 3 weeks.
  • Tincture of calendula at home: for the preparation of tincture will need 40% alcohol. Two tablespoons of fresh inflorescences marigold medicinal chop and pour in a glass dish. Pour the flower mixture 100 ml of alcohol. Close the container, leave in a dark place for 8 days. After that, strain and store in a cool place. [9]

Outwardly:

  • When cuts, acne, boils, frostbite, ulcers, lichen, blepharitis is applied to the affected area napar from the nails. For rinsing the cavity and throat with sore throats, gingivitis, stomatitis, amphodontosis, take one teaspoonful of calendula spirit tincture for half a cup of boiled water.
  • Freckles on the face and hands are removed by smearing the juice of calendula leaves, mixed in equal parts with lemon juice, currant berries and almond oil, twice a day. [7]
  • If the vision drops, apply lotions of such a mixture to the eyes at night: calendula flowers, blue cornflower petals and grass of an earthen eyebrow take in equal parts. The course of treatment is long, at least six months.
  • For syringing with erosion of the cervix, with trichomonas lesions, pathological secretions, prepare an infusion of 4 tablespoons of calendula per liter of boiling water. [ten]
  • For pain in the joints, rub a few drops of calendula tincture with massage movements into the affected area, then wrap up with a warm scarf or scarf. This treatment should be followed during the week, daily before bedtime. You can also apply a compress to the joint: moisten the fabric in tincture, ready to “warm” the compress, withstand at least 3 hours. The procedure is repeated daily. [9]

Calendula in research

The healing properties of calendula remain the object of modern scientific research.

J. M. Leach studied the healing abilities of calendula officinalis, its importance in therapy aimed at treating wounds of various etymologies. [eleven]

The phytochemical and ethnopharmacological aspects of the representatives of the genus Calendula are covered in the work of D. Arora, A. Rani and A. Sharma. [12]

M. Butnariu and K.Z. Koradini investigated the bioactive components of calendula flowers. [13]

Scientific work Sharovoj O.V. and Kurkina V.A. devoted to flavonoids contained in the flowers of calendula medicinal. [14]

The diuretic effect of preparations based on calendula flowers is analyzed in the work of Kurkina V.A., Kurkina A.V., Zaitseva E.N. and others. [15]

P. Pomier, F. Gomez, and others substantiated in scientific research the role of calendula in the prevention of radiation dermatitis during irradiation used in the treatment of breast cancer. [sixteen]

Calendula in cooking

Calendula petals as a natural dye, flavoring and flavoring used in the preparation of salads, desserts, drinks, various vegetarian dishes. Add calendula to soups, pastries, herbal tinctures, homemade liqueurs, sauces.

Calendula rice

Ingredients you need: 4 cups of water, 1/8 teaspoon of salt, half of finely chopped onion, 2 bouillon cubes, half a cup of crushed calendula petals, 2 cups of long grain rice. Boil water, add salt, onion, bouillon cubes, calendula petals and rice to boiling water. Stir and cook under a lid on low heat for 18 minutes.

Calendula Muffins

It will take: 1 and cups of flour, 2 teaspoons of baking powder, 0.5 teaspoons of salt, cups of sugar, 2 eggs, 2 tablespoons of melted butter, ¾ cups of milk, cups of crushed dates, 2 tablespoons of calendula petals. Preheat oven to 220 0. Mix sifted flour with baking powder, salt and sugar. Separately, beat the eggs. Combine egg mixture with milk, butter, dates and calendula petals. Mix all ingredients thoroughly. Pour the dough into the forms for cupcakes, filling them in half. Bake for 15-20 minutes. Decorate muffins with flowers and calendula petals.

Calendula omelette

To make an omelet, you will need: 2-3 eggs, 2 tablespoons of milk, a teaspoon of cream or a tablespoon of any vegetable oil, 2 tablespoons of fresh calendula petals, salt and pepper. Beat eggs with milk, salt and pepper to taste. Pour the calendula petals into the egg-milk mixture. Cook the omelette in a preheated frying pan, greased with butter and sprinkle the finished dish with calendula petals.

Calendula Custard

It takes 0.5 liters of milk, a cup of calendula petals, a quarter of a teaspoon of salt, 3 tablespoons of sugar, vanilla on the tip of a knife, 3 egg yolks, 1/8 teaspoon of grated nutmeg and the same amount of allspice, ½ tsp of rose water. Grind calendula petals in a mortar and mix with milk and vanilla. Add whipped egg yolks, salt and sugar with spices (nutmeg and allspice) into the milk mixture. Over medium heat bring to a boil, stirring continuously. Do not stop stirring, boil for 5-10 minutes until thick. In the cooled cream, add rose water. Ready-made custard can be used to prepare desserts or serve as a separate baked dish. Serve baked custard with whipped cream and calendula petals.

Herbal oil with calendula and marjoram

Required products: 200 g of butter, 2-3 tablespoons of calendula petals and the same leaves of marjoram. Mix the softened butter with calendula and marjoram and bring the mixture to a uniform state in a blender. You can add a tablespoon of olive oil, a little lemon juice, salt and pepper to taste. Put ready-made butter in a mold or butter dish and freeze in the refrigerator.

Cornbread with Calendula Petals

Ingredients: 2 cups of whey, 3-4 tablespoons of fresh petals of calendula, 1.5 cups of corn flour, cups of wheat flour, cups of unbleached flour, 1.5 teaspoons of baking powder, ¾ teaspoon of salt, 2 large eggs, cups of vegetable oil or melted butter, ¼ cup of honey.

Soak the calendula petals in the whey. Heat the oven to 1900. Oil the baking dish. Sift the corn, wheat and unbleached flour, baking powder and salt in a large bowl. Beat eggs, add whey, vegetable or melted butter and honey, beat all liquid ingredients for at least a minute. Mix the egg-butter mixture on whey with the prepared flour. Pour the dough into the form, bake the bread for 25-30 minutes, until golden brown. Cut and serve when completely cool. [17]

Calendula can be salted and pickled and used as a dressing for salads, soups, main dishes.

To pickle calendula, you will need: 1 kg of fresh medicinal marigold flower baskets, 0.5 liters of water and 60 g of salt. Boil water, add salt, boiling brine, pour calendula flowers, washed and dried from moisture, and cook for 5 minutes. Allow to cool, pour into glassware with brine, store in a cool place.

For the calendula in the marinade you will need: 1 kg of fresh calendula blossoms, 0.5 l of 3% vinegar, 40 g of salt and a few black peppercorns. Prepared inflorescences pour vinegar, add salt and pepper, and cook for 5 minutes. Chilled in containers. Store in a dark place.

Calendula drink with apple juice

A glass of dry inflorescences marigold pour 2 liters of water and boil over low heat for at least 0.5 hours Broth insist about 8 hours. Then add to the broth of calendula 400 ml of fresh apple juice and 200 ml of liquid honey. The drink is poured into bottles, leave in a cool place. [9]

The use of calendula in cosmetology

Calendula is a constant component of a set of cosmetics cosmetics. On its basis, they create tonics, creams, scrubs, rinses, masks, herbal cosmetic ice and soap.

Soothing Calendula Hand Mask

To prepare such a cosmetic product, you will need: 2 tablespoons of oatmeal, 2 teaspoons of lemon juice, 1 teaspoon of fresh calendula petals, a tablespoon of honey, 3 tablespoons of warm water. Mix all ingredients and puree in a blender. Apply to clean and slightly moist skin. To sustain 5-10 minutes. Wash off the mask with water at room temperature and lubricate the hands with a nourishing cream. Oatmeal cleanses and softens the skin, lemon juice evens skin tone and eliminates pigmentation, calendula and honey soften and heal.

Calendula Hair Conditioner

It will take: 0.5 liters of strong herbal calendula tea, a tablespoon of calendula tincture, 3-5 drops of rosemary essential oil. Brew strong tea from calendula flowers. Let it stand and cool. Add calendula tincture and rosemary essential oil. Apply to washed and wet hair and scalp. Leave for a few minutes, then rinse.

Ingredients: a cup of oatmeal, half a cup of cornmeal, 1/3 cup of dry calendula petals. Grind all the products on the grinder into powder. Keep such a basis for scrub in a bowl with a tight lid. Before cleaning the face, mix one teaspoon of dry mix with a small amount of water. Apply to a wet face and massage into the skin with massaging movements. Wash off with warm water.

Calendula balm

This balm is useful to lubricate scratches, burns, abrasions, bruises. To prepare you need to take 105 g of oil extract of marigold medicinal and 150 g of beeswax. Melt the wax in a water bath and combine with calendula extract. Heat and pour into a small glass container. Frozen balsam stored in a dark, dry place.

Steam bath for the face

Take half a cup of dry petals of calendula, lavender flowers, roses and chamomile. Prepare the infusion, pour about half a cup of such a flower mixture with a liter of boiling water. Steam out the skin over a herbal bath for 3 to 7 minutes.

Calendula bath

Based on a full bath, make an infusion: pour a full cup of dry marigold petals with 2 liters of boiling water. Bring to a boil and let stand. Add to bath water. This procedure is useful for eczema, urticaria, rash. [17]

Calendula helps with problem skin. To make an acne lotion at home, you will need to: mix a tablespoon of infusion of calendula mixed with a tablespoon of camphor alcohol, add 10 drops of ammonia, mix everything thoroughly and store in the refrigerator. Apply the lotion on the face with wiping movements, a cotton pad dipped in a solution, up to 3 times a day. [9]

Other uses

  • Juice of fresh marigold leaves are treated with bee stings. Calendula flower juice is used as a natural dye in the production of cheese and butter. Previously, dyes from calendula were also used to dye Easter eggs, added to chicken feed so that the egg yolk would be brighter.
  • Thickets of calendula prevent the growth of roundworms (nematodes) in the soil.
  • Marigolds are considered a natural repellent: calendula bushes, planted under the windows of the dwelling, frighten off mosquitoes. Also, the aroma of marigold discourages insect pests from the beds with potatoes, tomatoes and eggplants.

Interesting facts about the plant

In the Middle Ages, calendula symbolized envy. In the works of art by J. Chaucer, Envy is decorated with a garland of marigolds. However, later the Christian tradition treats calendula as a symbol of obedience and humility.

In ancient Rome, calendula was used for scorpion bites.

In Germany, there is a sign: if after 7 am the flowers of the marigold did not open up - to the rain.

In Mexico, Calendula is considered the flower of death. According to legend, the plant rose from the shed blood of local Indians killed by the Spanish invaders.

Due to its culinary value and economic advantages, Calendula has been called the poor man’s saffron.

During the years of the American Civil War, fresh calendula flowers were applied directly to open wounds, they were used as a hemostatic agent and as an antiseptic to heal wounds. Later, calendula was used in the same way during the First World War [17].

Dangerous properties of calendula and contraindications

Calendula lowers blood pressure, therefore, should be very careful with it should treat hypotension.

Also preparations based on calendula can cause an allergic reaction in individuals with intolerance or susceptibility to allergic diseases.During pregnancy and lactation, the use of calendula should be strictly coordinated with your doctor. / p>

Since Calendula itself has a calming effect on the nervous system (used in the treatment of neurosis), the simultaneous use of sedatives and calendula-based drugs is contraindicated: increased drowsiness and lethargy may occur. [ten]

Calendula Video

Recipes for homemade cosmetics based on calendula: how to prepare tonic, oil, alcohol and water tinctures.

  1. Wikipedia, article "Calendula"
  2. Handbook for the procurement of medicinal plants / D. S. Ivashin, Z. F. Katina, I. Z. Rybachuk et al. - 6th ed., Isp. and add. - K .: Harvest, 1989. - 288 pp., Ill.
  3. Mamchur F. I., Gladun Ya. D. Medicinal plants in the garden. - K. Harvest, 1985. - 112 p., Il.
  4. Mineral Content of Some Medicinal Herbs. Gogoasa I, Jurca Violeta, Alda Liana Maria and others // Volume 17 (4), 65- 67, 2013, JOURNAL of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology, source
  5. Karhut V.V. Living pharmacy - K. Health, 1992. - 312 p., Ill., 2, ark. silt
  6. Medicinal plants: encyclopedic reference / ed. A.M. Grodzinsky. - K .: Olympus, 1992. - 544 pp., Il.
  7. Karhut V.V. Medicines around us. - K .: Health, 1993. - 232 p.
  8. Medical flower garden. School florist (magazine). № 3 (36), July 2017. - p. 25
  9. Calendula - golden flowers of health. N. Bashkirtseva. - IR Krylov, 2008. - 128 p.
  10. Nosal I. M. From a plant to a man. - K .: Veselka, 1993. - 606 p.
  11. Calendula officinalis and wound healing: a systematic review. Leach, Matthew John 2008 'Calendula officinalis and wound healing: a systematic review.' Wounds: a compendium of clinical research and practice, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 236-243
  12. A review on phytochemistry and ethnopharmacological aspects of the genus Calendula, source
  13. Evaluation of Biologically Active Compounds from Calendula officinalis Flowers using Spectrophotometry, source
  14. FLAVONOIDS OF CALENDULA FLOWERS MEDICINE, source
  15. STUDYING DIURETIC ACTIVITY OF PREPARATIONS BASED ON FLOWERS OF CALENDULA DRUG, source
  16. Phase III Randomized Trial of Acne Dermatitis During Irradiation for Breast Cancer. P. Pommier, F. Gomez, M.P. Sunyach, A. D’Hombres, C. Carrie, and X. Montbarbon. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY // VOLUME 22, NUMBER 8, APRIL 15, 2004.
  17. Calendula. An herb society of America guide. - Ohio: 2007.

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The administration is not responsible for attempting to use any recipe, advice or diet, and does not guarantee that the specified information will help or harm you personally. Be prudent and always consult the appropriate doctor!

Plant description calendula

In the books, the description of the flower calendula is characterized as an annual plant that grows up to 75 centimeters. It has a taproot and an erect and branched stem. Flowers are single orange or bright yellow flower baskets that can be up to four or more centimeters in diameter. Some bred ornamental varieties have larger and fluffy inflorescences that are up to eight centimeters or more in diameter. The fruits of the plant, which gave him the second version of the name - marigold, are presented in the form of seeds, in the shape of claws.

Formula of the flower: H (5) L (5) T (5) P1. This copy pleases with flowering from the beginning of summer to late autumn, it is able to withstand even slight frosts. All this period is suitable for collecting flowers, drying and their further use for cosmetic or therapeutic purposes. You can see the article: Hydrangea in a pot - care for home and garden flower.

Useful properties of flowers

Flowers, leaves and the root of this herb have healing properties, but it is the benefits of calendula flowers that is high in carotenoids.

Having a unique composition, the plant has bactericidal, hematopoietic, blood-purifying, antispasmodic, choleretic, analgesic, diuretic, cardiotonic, hypotensive, diaphoretic and wound-healing properties.

The rich chemical composition of calendula flowers has many active ingredients:

  • calendula flower essential oil, which gives the plant a tart taste and a specific smell, and also effectively inhibits the development of microorganisms and causes their death,
  • calendars
  • coumarins that help eliminate inflammation,
  • tar,
  • the presence of organic acids
  • phytonicides.

In addition, the herb contains carotenoids and provitamin A, which paint flowers in orange color, saponins, bitterness, glycosides and enzymes. Studies have shown that calendula flower contains potassium and calcium, magnesium and iron, zinc and molybdenum, as well as selenium.

Therapeutic use of plants

Medicinal properties and contraindications of this plant are known in many European countries. It was used for wound healing and as an anti-inflammatory medicine since ancient times. Among all medicinal plants, marigolds occupy an honorable place as an antiseptic herb, which is not inferior in its properties to chamomile or sage, plantain or licorice.

In the medical industry, calendula flowers are mainly used: the treatment and prevention of many ailments - the main purpose of fees and ointments with this component in the composition. Marigolds are used in both traditional and alternative medicine. This herb is used for gynecological purposes, gastroenterology, neurology, cardiology, dermatology and cosmetology.

The plant can be used in the form of tinctures and ointments, decoction or drops. Special properties than useful flowers of calendula, allow them to be used as a bactericidal agent. The tool will help with inflammation of the throat and gallbladder, with gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers. In addition to the use of gastritis, many doctors advise calendula flowers from cholesterol, claiming their effectiveness. Under the influence of this agent, increased bilirubin falls in the blood.

Marigolds have a calming effect on the central nervous system when administered intravenously. They can reduce anxiety and high blood pressure. When properly administered, this remedy is an aid in normalizing the work of the heart in people who have problems with its rhythm. Strengthening the heart activity, the herb is useful for patients with shortness of breath, arrhythmia, headaches and puffiness.

As a symptomatic remedy, the plant can be used for forms of cancer that are not subject to surgical intervention. Studies have shown that the effect of calendula does not cure the underlying disease, but it significantly reduces the body's intoxication and eliminates dyspeptic symptoms, improves appetite and sleep. Like the action of strong antibiotics, calendula is useful for staphylococcal, streptococcal and other infections. Decoctions from calendula cure for acute respiratory viral infections, bronchitis, tracheitis and pneumonia. Drops taken under the tongue are a great way to stop an obsessive coughing fit.

As an anti-toxic agent, marigolds are widely used in diseases such as psoriasis and allergic dermatosis.

The tool in the form of marigolds is used for diseases of the urinary system. With this plant, inflammations of the bladder and kidneys, as well as stones in the bladder are treated.

The use of calendula in gynecology

Among the many diseases that calendula flowers treat, there are also female diseases. The English name of this species in translation means "Mary's gold" and is due to the fact that in ancient times this flower was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Due to its exceptional qualities, which are useful primarily for women, marigolds were used for tumors and cysts. In addition to the treatment of fibroids and ovarian cysts, the inflorescences of this plant were prescribed for seals and tumors in the chest. Also, terry calendula flowers are able to restore the regularity of the female cycle, remove the tone of the uterus, reduce bleeding and relieve menstrual pain. Also, marigolds help women with vaginal discharge with inflammation, cervical erosion. When belyah recommended douching tincture of the medicinal plants. Today, doctors also advise the use of calendula flowers in gynecology during menopause.

The use of colors in cosmetology

As masks and compresses, this plant is used externally and for cosmetic purposes. Procedures with marigolds improve the condition and color of the skin. To cope with such a cosmetic defect, such as acne and skin rashes, many women use alcohol tincture, which includes extract of calendula flowers - it can even be used pointwise. Providing a tonic and anti-inflammatory effect, decoction of calendula flowers is able to soothe and heal wounds, inflammation and suppuration. In adolescence, with oily skin, this tool is useful in the form of infusion, which wipe the face or use as a compress from ice. Fresh juice juice plants beauticians get rid of freckles.

Being part of many shampoos and masks, balms and serums, marigolds eliminate excess fat, inflammation, dandruff, and are also suitable for those who suffer from excessive hair loss. In the form of tincture, this plant can be used as a lotion that wipes the scalp. This will not only relieve dandruff, but will also stimulate the growth and activation of dormant bulbs. Oil infusions have worked well with dry, weak, dull hair and lifeless tips. They help get rid of the problem of split ends, are therapeutic and restorative means to strengthen their structure.

How to plant a calendula?

You should know those who want to grow flowers of calendula: planting and care of these plants does not require special skills. Marigolds multiply by seed. They are sown in April or May. In addition, the cultivation of calendula flowers from seeds can be started in the autumn months. The plant takes root very well, rises quickly and requires moisture and a lot of light. For the cultivation of calendula suitable as bright and sunny places, and partial shade. With a lack of light, the stem of the plant is drawn out, the baskets of flowers become smaller and fade. At the same time the flowering period is significantly reduced. Best for this species is suitable fertile soil of moderate humidity.

Some gardeners recommend before sowing to hold the land under steam - plow for the winter and leave until spring. In the springtime, the land needs cultivation in order to mix the weathered upper layer so that it has reserves of moisture and minerals after the winter. Before sowing, seeds are carefully calibrated. The distances between the rows should be 65-75 cm. After spring planting of seedlings, shoots appear only after one or two weeks. It should be remembered that this plant does not allow planting in one place for several years in a row. Relocation will help to avoid the development of culture diseases, especially fungal infections.

Collection and preparation for use of flowers

To preserve the beneficial properties of calendula flowers, you need to know the simple rules for collecting this culture. Dry weather is best suited for this purpose. It is important to know that the collection of calendula flowers should be done if their baskets have opened completely. Considering that the flowering period of this plant lasts from June to autumn, harvesting of raw materials can be done every 2-5 days - about 15-20 times per season.

Collect marigolds, cutting off inflorescences with garden scissors. The resulting raw materials must be dried very quickly. Experts say that the grass and calendula flowers are sent for drying no later than four hours after they were picked. Raw materials are laid out in a thin layer and dried in a well-ventilated room. Quickly dry calendula flowers can be obtained by leaving them in the attic or under a shed. It is not recommended to dry the grass in electric dryers. To understand that the plant is ready for further use, you need to press a finger on the inflorescence. Disintegrating petals can be packaged. Of them will make an excellent tincture of calendula flowers, which is always useful in the economy.

For storage of dried marigolds suitable cardboard boxes or wooden boxes. Some store them in glass containers. The shelf life of such raw materials without losing their medicinal properties is two years. However, some herbalists say that it is best to update plant stocks annually. Also read the article: Camellia flower: content in the garden and at home.

Watch the video: Natural Skin Healing Calendula Salve - DIY Recipe (December 2019).

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