The variety of tomatoes Azhur was bred by breeders of Russia, and has been used for cultivation at sites since 2007. The name was chosen according to the shape of the leaves, they are carved in appearance, almost openwork. The originator of the harvest tomato and seed producer is Sedek.
Suitable for cultivation in the Astrakhan, Belgorod, Kursk regions. Krasnodar region, central regions. In the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East, a variety can be planted only under cover.
The description of the variety and the characteristics of the tomato variety Azhur enable vegetable growers to determine the specificity of cultivation and the characteristics of the plant. Variety refers to the determinant hybrids of the first generation. Tomato Azhur is a standard plant that stops growth on its own. The height of an adult tomato reaches 60-80 cm. The branching of a standard tomato is weak, so the variety does not require a large area for planting.
Variety of tomatoes Azhur equally well shows the main characteristics in the open field or greenhouse, even in the presence of adverse factors. This is another advantage of the hybrid, which makes it popular. In years with hot summer, the variety has time to ripen without shelter even in areas of the middle lane. Greenhouse plants begin fruiting much earlier, and collected in open ground - much tastier. Tomato is often used for industrial cultivation. The term of ripening of the variety is considered to be medium-term; the fruits are ready to be harvested in 105-110 days after the seedlings emerge.
Bushes are compact, but in some cases require a garter when they reach a height of 90 cm. There are many fruits on the bush, they are quite heavy. If the bush is not tied up, then it will fall on the ground.
There is little extra shoots on the shoots, so often the variety will not be needed. On one stalk leave 3 shoots.
The flowers and inflorescences are simple, the number of nests is from 4 to 6. In the photo, the openwork tomatoes are in greenhouse.
The shape of the fruit is flat-round, the peel is smooth, the fleshy fleshy juicy. The chemical composition of ripe tomatoes is very rich, so they are useful for children and diet.
The color of immature tomatoes is light green, ripe tomatoes are raspberry.
According to the description and reviews of vegetable growers, the fruits of Tomato Azhur f1 can reach weights up to 400 g, and the average weight is 230-270 g. With any weight, tomatoes are fleshy, elastic, juicy.
Tomatoes are located on the bush in the form of clusters of 5-7 fruits. On the main stem is up to 5 brushes, on the stepsons to 3 brushes.
The description of the variety of tomato Azhur contains all the main characteristics of the vegetable. For more information give reviews of summer residents. The greatest value for vegetable growers are:
- universality of the use of tomatoes,
- resistance to diseases of culture
- storage capacity.
Let us consider in more detail the important characteristics of the yield of tomato Azhur, reviews of vegetable growers about the variety, photos of the growing process.
Yield and fruiting
According to reviews of farmers, Tomato Azhur f1 shows excellent yield. Up to 8 kg of juicy fruits can be collected from one bush, and from 1 square meter. m yield is 6.2 kg. In the greenhouse, the yield can increase to 8 kg from 1Q. m area subject to competent cultivation. Tomatoes variety Azhur reach maximum weight, if the brush to leave no more than 2-3 fruits. Such indicators prove the economic benefit of growing the Azhur variety in the dacha plots or on an industrial scale.
Scope of fruit
The use of tomatoes Openwork universal. The variety is designed as a table, famous for its specific aroma and taste. Fruits are used for consumption raw, canned or in the form of juices. For fresh use take larger specimens, and small ones look great in blanks. In addition to salads, stews, casseroles and soups, openwork tomato f1 is ideal for making tomato paste, juice, mashed potatoes. Technological parameters of the fruit allow to produce high quality products.
Resistance to diseases and pests
According to the description, the variety of tomato openwork f1 has an enviable resistance to diseases and pests. The plant is not affected by fusarium, verticillosis, TMV, cracking of fruits, root and fruit rot.
Breeders made sure that the variety Azhur has a very good resistance to pest attacks. The danger for tomato is slugs. Therefore, farmers are not required to carry out a large number of preventive treatments.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Like any garden crop, Azhur F1 tomatoes have their advantages and disadvantages. The positive qualities of the variety include:
- high heat resistance
- good yield
- excellent product and taste characteristics,
- the ability to transport, storage,
- resistance to pests, diseases,
- universality of use.
Photos and reviews of those who planted tomato Openwork, indicate the absence of a variety of obvious flaws. Some growers have noted an increased need for shrubs for fertilizers and watering, as well as the need for tying up during growth. Another nuance - the inability to collect their seeds.
The date of sowing is calculated based on the ripening time of the tomato. Usually seedlings are planted in March - the beginning or middle of the month. A crop is assigned to 55-60 days earlier.
Seeds of Tomato variety Azhur must be pre-treated.
It consists of soaking the planting material in a solution of biostimulant. The most commonly used is "Zircon" or "Epin." The drugs have activating and protective properties, therefore they increase germination and reduce the time of germination of the seeds of Azhura. Vegetable growers practice another operation before soaking - warming the seeds for 2 days at 40 ° C.
Seeding containers or small cups are prepared for sowing and must be disinfected. For this, a solution of potassium permanganate is used.
The soil for seedlings can be taken ready in the garden shop or prepared independently from equal parts of garden soil, peat and humus.
Fill the container with soil for 2/3 of the volume, moisten the soil and place the seeds. The distance between the seeds can withstand 1 cm, and the seeding depth - 1.5 cm.
Cover containers with glass or film, placed in a warm bright place.
As soon as the shoots appear, gradually take shelter.
Dive seedlings in the phase of 3-4 leaves. Variety Azhur spikes easily, tolerates transplant. The composition of the soil is the same as when sowing. At the time of the picking, the soil is enriched with peat-humic fertilizers, they must be moistened.
After transplantation, seedlings are placed on bright places. The ambient air temperature is maintained in the range from + 22 ° С to + 24 ° С, the watering schedule and the dressings of the seedlings are observed, and the seedlings are carefully inspected daily. The focus is on lighting and watering plants.
The main thing for a vegetable grower is to notice the problem in time and take corrective measures.
The timing of transplanting seedlings into the greenhouse is usually calculated based on general recommendations. Transplant Time:
- greenhouse with heating - end of April,
- unheated greenhouse - the end of May,
- with a film covering - the middle of May.
Air temperature should reach + 25 ° С. For open ground, the dates are shifted by 2 weeks.
Landing scheme for the greenhouse 50 x 60 cm, for open ground 50 x 50 cm. For 1 square. m area should be no more than 3 plants.
In each well add 1 tbsp. l ash wood.
Before transplanting, tomato seedlings Azhur is poured over with chlorine dioxide to protect against fungal infections, then the plants that have already been planted are left without irrigation for a week.
Aftercare for tomatoes
The Openwork Tomato variety requires a slightly different irrigation schedule than the rest of the culture. It is calculated depending on the climate and soil moisture in the region. The first time they water the seedlings after disembarking to a permanent place, then they take a break for a week. Continue, given the above conditions. The maximum break should be no more than 10 days.
Masking It is necessary to increase the yield of the variety and the size of the fruit. Variety Openwork is not distinguished by a large number of stepsons, but thinning is good for it.
Garter. The number of fruits, as well as their size leads to the fact that the bushes need to be tied to supports. Otherwise, the tomatoes will lie on the ground.
Loosening and weeding. For the Azhur variety these events are held regularly. The number of weeds on the ridges should be minimal, so as not to decrease the yield.
Feeding. The number of standard - 3-4 times. At the beginning of the growing season requires nitrogenous fertilizers, then comes the turn of phosphorus and potassium. The variety responds well to organic nutrition.
Pest and disease control
The main danger for the grower is negligence or flaws in the cultivation of openwork tomatoes. In this case, the plants are weakened and can be affected by late blight.
Among the pests of Azhur, slugs, caterpillars and spider mites can annoy. It is required to process the bushes with soapy water and sprinkle the ground with woody ashes.
Tomatoes Openwork variety description
Tomato Azhur is a determinant hybrid, refers to the standard plants.
In height can reach 60-90 centimeters, that is plant srednerosly.
Resistant to cracking, top and root rot, as well as weather changes.
Designed for cultivation in open ground, and in greenhouses.
The time of full ripening of the fruits is 100-110 days, which gives grounds to attribute it to the middle-early hybrids.
Country of breeding and year of registration
This hybrid was developed in Russia by our specialists for growing in the greenhouse conditions of the northern regions of Russia.
In the open ground in the south is able to give a very good result of the yield. He received state registration as a vegetable in 2007 and immediately earned the attention of gardeners.
In which regions it is better to grow
In the open field is suitable for cultivation in areas of the Astrakhan region, Krasnodar Territory and in the central regions of Russia: Belgorod region and Kursk. In regions with more harsh climatesuch as the south of Siberia, the Far East, the Urals possible cultivation exclusively in greenhouses.
Way to use
Hybrid Tomato Azhur F1 is famous for its universality in application. This is a table variety, its small fruits can be used for canning.
Those that are larger, perfect for fresh consumption. You can also get enough juice and tomato paste from them.
Features of growing and storage
The main feature of the variety is its unpretentiousness and the ability to easily tolerate heat and lack of moisture. When growing may need a garter.
It requires regular loosening of the soil and application of mineral fertilizers. Productivity - high. Matured fruits easily carry transportation and long-term storage.
Diseases and pests
Having resistance to almost all typical diseases does not exempt from prevention.
In order for the plant to be healthy, it is necessary to observe the regime of watering and lighting, in time to loosen and fertilize the soil.
Of the pests, the Openwork tomatoes are most often attacked by spider mites and slugs.
To fight with the mite, they use a strong soap solution, which is used to wipe areas of the plant that have been attacked by an insect, washing them away and creating an environment unsuitable for their life.
The plant will not be harmed by this. It is easy to fight slugs, in case of their appearance it is necessary to sprinkle the ground around the bush with ashes, and then add grated red pepper, and then loosen the ground.
There are no particular difficulties in caring for Azhur, even beginners can handle it. We wish you great harvests and good luck in growing new species!
Description and characteristics of the variety
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Hybrid variety of tomato openworkF1 brought domestic breeders for cultivation in greenhouses in the northern regions of Russia. However, it gives a good harvest when grown in the open field, but only in the southern regions. In 2007 Tomato Azhur was introduced to the State Register and immediately became very popular among the gardeners of our country.
Important! Therefore, it makes no sense to collect seeds from grown tomatoes, they do not preserve the quality characteristics.
- Bred for cultivation in greenhouses and in open ground. In greenhouse conditions, this variety can be cultivated anywhere in the country. In open ground, these tomatoes are best planted in the Astrakhan region and the Krasnodar Territory, as well as in the central regions of Russia: Kursk and Belgorod regions. In regions with a harsh climate (southern Siberia, the Far East, the Urals) Azhur tomatoes will give a good harvest only in greenhouses.
- Bush determinant, shtambovy, srednerosly. It grows up to 60-90 cm in height.
- Medium early ripening. After the emergence of seedlings, the fruit can be harvested from the bush no earlier than in 100-110 days.
- Bushes require a garter to the supports or trellis and periodic pinching.
- Inflorescences and flowers are simple. It does not form unnecessary processes, which should not be often cut off. However, to obtain large fruits, it is recommended to form no more than 3 stalks, breaking off the other stepchildren. The main thing is to pinch them, leaving a stump of 5-7 mm, so as not to damage the main stem.
- Variety of tomato openwork tolerates heat and lack of moisture.
- 3-4 stalks are formed on the stem, on each of which 5-6 fruits appear.
- High yield. With proper agricultural technology from 1 square. m can collect up to 10-12 kg of ripe fruit, on a bush about 5-6 kg of tomato is formed.
- Resistant to major diseases of Solanaceae, such as top and root rot.
- Well tolerate weather changes.
Below are photo of tomato openwork, on which it is visible, how fruits look in an unripened and ripe look.
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History of Tomato Azhur
The author of the hybrid is the well-known agrofirm "SeDek". Its founders began their activities in 1995 with the sale of tomato seeds. Today, the company's assortment includes zoned varieties and hybrids of peppers, potatoes, cucumbers, zucchini and many other crops. In the State Register of breeding achievements of more than 570.
For its work, SeDek chooses plastic varieties capable of pleasing a rich harvest in any light zone of the Russian Federation and under different growing conditions. This also applies to tomato openwork. The hybrid was entered into the State Register in 2007 with admission to cultivation in all regions of Russia.
This is a determinant tomato, its main stem is limited (trimmed) at a height of 80-100 cm. The stem is powerful, the internodes are short, the brushes are located in 1–2 leaves. 105–110 days pass from the emergence of shoots to the collection of the first ripe fruits. Tomatoes are round, slightly flattened. In the immature there is no dark green spot in the stem. Ripe fruits are colored in red and raspberry color. The skin is dense, the tomatoes do not crack, they do not suffer from vertex rot, they tolerate long-distance transportation, they are kept for 2–3 months in coolness.
Bushes of Azhura are powerful, fruitful, fruits slightly flattened, unripe ones have no dark spot on the stem
Inside the fruit is fleshy, multichamber, taste is pleasant - with sweetness. The weight of each tomato is 220–250 g, individual specimens up to 400 g. Yield claimed:
- in the State Register - 6.1 kg / m²,
- manufacturer - 10–12 kg per plant.
Farmers and amateurs confirm the high productivity of Azhura. In the field, without artificial irrigation, the hybrid does not reduce its yield and disease resistance. At each bush tied at least 5 brushes, and in the brush - 5-6 large fruits. Tomato fruits equally well with a lack and with an excess of moisture. Maximum return is expected in response to good care.
Growing tomatoes Openwork
Azhur grow through seedlings. The crop of tomatoes is usually harvested in July-August, which means that the seeds of this hybrid must be sown in March - early April. At a temperature of about +30 ° C shoots appear in 5 days. The optimum temperature in the future, throughout the growing season: + 20 ... +25 ° C. When the seedlings grow a little and throw out 1–2 true leaves, pick them out in separate cups, deepening them to the cotyledon leaves.
Video: how to prevent the pulling of seedlings of tomatoes
The seedling period of Azhura lasts about two months, therefore, in addition to regular watering, the plants will need additional feeding. They must contain more nitrogen than phosphorus and potassium. You can use store fertilizers for seedlings: Fertika Lux, Agricola, Pure leaf. If you grow seedlings outside the home, in a greenhouse or greenhouse, the infusion of mullein, litter or nettle is well suited. Give the first dressing one week after the picking, then repeat it every 10–14 days, the last one should be added no later than a week before disembarking to a permanent place.
By the time of transplanting, there should be 5–6 true leaves on it
Planted tomatoes in open ground after the end of the return frosts. In the middle lane, steady heat comes in early June, in the southern regions - earlier, in the northern - later. Planted in a greenhouse 2 weeks earlier than under the open sky. Planting scheme of tomatoes Openwork 40x60 cm. In the wells, add handfuls of humus and 1 tbsp. l ash, a good alternative will be a complex natural fertilizer based on humus, for example, Gumi-Omi for tomatoes or Red Giant.
Tomato Azhur tolerates both drought and rainy weather, grows in the fields without any stading, but in such conditions the yield will correspond to the modest figure stated in the State Register. And in order to shoot a bucket of fruits from a bush, it is necessary to provide at least the most basic, but care:
- Form in 2-3 stems, breaking off all stepchildren below the first flower brush. Without pasynkovka tomatoes on the bush will grow more, but they will be small, they begin to ripen later than the stated period.
- Tie up the bushes to reliable supports.
- Water in the greenhouse once a week, in the open ground - 1-2 times if there is heat and drought. On irrigated plots fruits are poured larger.
- Feed every 14 days. From the moment of flowering, tomatoes are no longer suitable fertilizers for seedlings, we need others in composition. Now, nitrogen should be less than potassium and phosphorus, and microelements are also needed: calcium, boron, iron, iodine, etc. Wood ash or ready-made complex mixtures for tomatoes and vegetables: BioHumus, BioMaster, etc. are well suited. Such fertilizers can be fed and over the leaves. Alternate root and foliar dressing.
- Tear off the lower yellowing leaves, keep the land on the garden clean of weeds, cover it with mulch.
Tomatoes are recommended to be removed in the blanche ripeness, then more large fruits will have time to pour on the bushes.
Blanket ripeness in tomatoes begins at the very beginning of ripening, when they begin to change color from green to brown.
The purpose of this hybrid is universal. Openwork tomatoes are tasty just so, without seasoning, of course, they make salads, juices, tomato paste. Slices are added to winter blanks, frozen. If small fruits have grown, then, thanks to a strong skin, they are well suited for whole-canning.
Vegetable growers reviews about Tomato Azhur
I recommend planting Openwork F1, Major F1, Bourgeois F1, Happiness F1, Zhirdyai F1, the fruits of which have a mass of 200–500 g, and the yield from a bush is 5–10 kg, and under extended conditions it is even greater.
I can recommend excellent large-fruited hybrids "Azhur", "Barin", "Bourgeois". The size of their fruits - 200 - 250 grams!
You can even grow in the open field such a good and fruitful hybrid, like "Openwork" or "Doll", but it is better to use the simplest film covers for their cultivation, even temporary ones. For these purposes, ordinary arcs are used, which are covered with a film or non-woven material.
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Openwork is a medium-ripe tomato of early ripening with large and tasty fruits. This hybrid retains its yield under adverse weather conditions and the complete absence of any care. On personal plots with regular watering and dressing productivity increases by 2-3 times.
Appearance and description of the variety
The fruits ripen relatively early - the first harvest is already collected at the 15-16th week after the first shoots appear. They can be grown in open ground and under film cover.
They are suitable for growing in the country and in the garden, as well as for large-scale vegetable production and are deterministic type - when the stem stops growing after tying a few brushes (usually 4-5) and the bush gives the crop early, once per season.
The height of the bush can reach 80 cm, the leaves are large, the structure of the inflorescences is simple, the stem is articulated. The number of nests - from 4 to 6. Seasonal yield of tomatoes "Openwork" reaches 6 kg per 1 square. m With proper care and feeding from one plant you can collect up to 8 kg of fruit.
In describing the advantages of tomatoes "Openwork F1" it is worth mentioning the unpretentiousness of the variety to the methods of cultivation: in the open field and under the film. Here are just a garter need to carry out on time and monitor the formation of the bush, in a timely manner to remove excess ovaries, to grow large, juicy and uncracked vegetables. Proper care is a guarantee that you grow beautiful vegetables in your garden or greenhouse.
Seed preparation and planting
Tomatoes variety "Openwork F1" sown 2 months before planting seedlings. Here you need to focus on possible May frosts and on the method of cultivation.
Seeds of hybrids are not disinfected, like seeds of pure varieties, they are not hardened with cold and sowed dry. If you plan to grow in a greenhouse, they are sown a couple of weeks earlier. Sowing is carried out in boxes up to 10 cm high, filled with special purchased soil mixture.
If desired, you can make this mixture yourself. Here is one of the simplest recipes: a bucket of a mixture of equal parts of turf, manure and peat - a tablespoon of ash, a teaspoon of phosphate fertilizer and a teaspoon of potash fertilizer. The mixture is prepared a week before use and moistened.
On the right day, it is poured into a box and trampled, then watered with a warm solution of sodium humate, furrowed at an interval of 5 cm to a depth of 1 cm, thrown seeds into the furrows 2 cm from each other and sprinkled. The box is stored in a warm (not above 24 ° C), lighted place.
Storing and planting seedlings
Storage conditions for sprouts:
- good light,
- high humidity (daily spraying),
- heat (in the daytime not less than +18 ° C, at night - not less than + 12 ° C).
To this end, the earth must be calcined in an oven (a quarter of an hour, at 180 ° C) or heated in a microwave oven (a minute, at a power of 800), or scalded with boiling water. You can also use a solution of potassium permanganate. Then the soil should be heated for a week at room temperature - for reproduction in it microflora.
Before sowing, you need to fill the container (peat pots, plastic cups, etc.) with decontaminated wet soil. After that, the grooves should be made in it with an interval of 3 cm and a depth of 1 cm, put seeds in them every 2 cm, and finally fall asleep.
From the moment of emergence of seedlings (one week after sowing) they should be stored indoors, in a lit place for about 1.5-2 months. To create a high humidity container can be covered with a film or glass. The humidity of the soil mixture should be monitored daily and carefully sprayed if necessary.
In warm, windless weather, it is necessary to take the “youngsters” to the open space, gradually accustoming them to the sun's rays: first for 5 minutes, then for 10 minutes and so on, daily increasing the duration of “sunbathing”.
The seedling of any tomato, including the variety “Azhur”, from the moment of the appearance of the first shoots, needs regular (every 2 weeks) organic dressings.
If the seeds were sown from the very beginning in one large container (the recommended volume is 0.5-1 l), then on the tenth day after sprouting a picking is carried out - sprouting out of the total capacity along individual small ones. A couple of days before that, it is advisable to water it so that the soil dries out slightly and is not heavy when picking.
Picks should be done carefully along with an earthy lump, in a 200 ml tank - peat pots, plastic cups, etc. After 6-7 weeks flower brushes appear on the sprouts - this means that after a couple of weeks you should plant in the garden or in the greenhouse. And you can not hesitate here!
When planting sprouts in the ground need observe the following scheme: the distance between the seedlings is 40 cm, the planting depth is 2 cm. This should be done in case of cloudy, windless weather.
Growing tomatoes on the beds in the open air is somewhat different from the greenhouse method, so consider both options separately.
Care of a grade in an open ground
In this case, cultivation is reduced to watering, aeration, feeding, if necessary, tying the stems to supports, hilling (2-3 times per season), as well as to fight weeds, pests and diseases. Aeration is the loosening of the soil between the rows for air access to the root system. In addition, loosening, like hilling, helps fight weeds. After all, the zealous owner does not fight weeds with the help of herbicides.
In the fight against fungal diseases, infected fruits are removed, plant residues are destroyed, and areas are isolated from other solanaceous crops.
How to water the plant
As already mentioned in the description, "Openwork" is very unpretentious, but, despite this, all the same requires regular wateringso that the earth does not dry up until the vegetables are fully ripe.
Watering need tomatoes in the evenings. Underground drip is considered the best irrigation method - it provides the highest yield. If such a method cannot be organized, then water should be watered with ashes (2 pinches per 10 l) under the roots or between the rows. Subject to the listed conditions, the fruit will never fall ill with vertex rot.
The need for feeding and tying up tomatoes
Fertilizers need to be at least three times per season, but it is better to feed regularly every 2 weeks. Any fertilizer will do, as long as there is more phosphorus and potassium in them than nitrogen.
Here is a simple fertilizer recipe: 10 g of water 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 50 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium chloride. In addition, plants constantly need magnesium, and during flowering period - boron (evening spraying of greens with a weak solution of boric acid).
The garter of bushes protects stalks from breakage under own weight. At the same time the garter should not injure the stems.
It is necessary to tie the stems to the pegs immediately after their landing in the ground. Then they will take root and grow rapidly. Seedlings also need to tie up when they grow 5-6 leaves. The pegs are hammered to a depth of 40 cm, on the north side of the stem, at a distance of 10 cm. The height of the support is 1 m.
Before sowing or planting seedlings land should be treated accordingly.
For the “Openwork” variety, light, non-floating soils are required, with good aeration, containing more than 2% of humus, with an acid index (pH) from 6 to 7. Then the yield of tomatoes will be maximum.
Soil preparation is digging in the fall on a spade bayonet and loosening in early spring, and another cultivation before sowing or planting. The earth should be heated to +15 ° C and above. To ensure this condition, it is necessary in advance to cover the beds with black film.
Organic fertilizers are applied under the previous crop at the rate of 3-4 kg / sq. m of fresh manure, it optimizes the use of nutrients. Mineral fertilizers must be applied on the basis of a general agrochemical analysis of the soil.
Feed phosphate and potash fertilizers carried out for plowing in the fall at the rate of 10 g / ha and 20 g / ha, respectively. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the spring 3-4 times and throughout the entire growth of the plant at the rate of 10 g / ha. In addition, with a lack of calcium, plants should be fed with mineral fertilizers with a high content of this element.
Planting and care
- The landing is not too deep.
- Nitrogen fertilizers should not be too much, otherwise the tops will grow more intensively than berries.
- It is necessary to plant a sprout without yellowing and without cotyledon leaves.
- Landing is done in the absence of the sun, in a moist soil.
Watering time is earlier morning or late evening, so that excessive condensation does not form and does not drip onto tomato bushes. To maintain a stable microclimate, the greenhouse needs to be aired 2 hours after watering.
Garters can be used as pegs, and linear / frame grilles.
The butchers, growing from the leaf axils, lead to undesirable branching of the bush. After all, then shading is formed, the probability of infection increases, and maturation slows down. Therefore, the stepchildren on tomatoes must be removed - in the morning, in order for the wound to quickly dry.
At the beginning of the second decade after the disembarkation of seedlings need to do first feeding a mixture of nitrophosphate solution (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water) and liquid mullein (0.5 l). Second feeding produced at the beginning of the third decade. During the season you need to make at least three feedings.
Pests and diseases
Although “Openwork” is distinguished by its resistance to standard diseases, it is necessary to know about them, as well as about methods of dealing with them. After all, the likelihood that parasites and infections can harm your tomatoes and reduce their productivity, there is.
One of the frequent uninvited guests in the beds are fungi. Spores of fungi spread through the air (wind, moisture, insects, garden tools) and, getting into wounds or natural openings of plants, infect them. Bushiness also contributes to the reproduction of fungi.
Of fungal diseases worth noting gray rot - she loves greenhouse conditions, especially “sour” soil. Disease prevention: regular airing of the greenhouse, pH leveling by adding ash and bone meal to the soil. Treatment: treatment of diseased leaves and berries with a mixture of lime (2 parts) and copper sulfate (1 part) or their complete removal.
Septoria - Another fungal disease. The fungus is parasitic on the stems and leaves (light spots with dark edging and dots). Treatment: spraying with copper oxychloride emulsion with repeating the procedure after 15 days.
To fungal diseases can be attributed and late blightwhen the fruits almost instantly turn black and rot. The disease progresses in the fall, during sudden changes in temperature. Prevention: treatment 3-4 times per season with Ridomil Gold.Treatment: burning affected bushes. Bacteria, unicellular organisms, also parasitize plants - in this case they talk about bacteriosis. Conditions for their development: high humidity, warm weather.
Viruses are even fewer bacteria. Carriers of viruses that afflict tomatoes arecicadas, pincers and aphid - insects sucking juice. Symptoms of viral diseases often resemble fungal and bacterial lesions.
Bushes infected with a virus are incurable and dangerous to healthy "neighbors". Among viral infections, the most common - peak rotwhen brown spots appear on leaves and on immature fruits. As a rule, the disease is rampant in the conditions of rainy summer. Preventive measures: ventilation, removal of lower foliage. Treatment: watering the soil with a solution of 4% potassium chloride.
Of the pests, the worst enemies of tomatoes are scoops. Against them there is only one weapon - insecticides, which incidentally destroy less dangerous parasites - the aphid and the Colorado potato beetle.
The variety “Openwork” is a hybrid of medium early ripening: the first crop is harvested at the 15-16th week from the moment of emergence. Manual harvesting of these tomatoes is possible both separately and at a certain period of maturity of the entire crop at once. Many gardeners prefer the second option, fearing that "cold dew" will destroy the berries.
However, healthy bushes of mid-ripening crops wither later than others, therefore, if frost is not predicted, green fruits are desirable to leave to ripenuntil it gets colder at night below +8 ° C. However, if the vegetables are to be stored for a long time or transported far away, then greens can be poured in and not to be confused with teenagers who are still developing.
For long ripening, tomatoes should be laid in one layer and matched at a temperature not higher than +12 ° C (but not below +10 ° C) and at a humidity of 80%. At higher temperatures and humidity, vegetables begin to rot, and at lower climatic indicators, they become flabby. Tara should be inspected daily, removing from it the fruits that begin to blush, otherwise they will accelerate the undesirable maturation of the "neighbors". For fast ripening, fruits are calibrated, stacked in two or three layers and stored in a ventilated room at a temperature of +20 ° C. To speed up the process of ripening up to one week, you need to put ripe fruits on the green ones. With a warmer microclimate, they ripen even faster, but are made soft and ugly.
The presence of light during ripening does not matter much (although in the light the berries become brighter), the main thing is to provide ventilation in the storage.
Adhering to all the rules, tips and recommendations, you grow a rich crop of tomatoes in your garden or in a greenhouse and enjoy delicious, fresh vegetables not only in summer, but also in autumn.
Characteristics of tomatoes "Openwork"
The originator of the Azhur variety is the Russian company Sedek, and since 2007 the variety has been included in the Russian State Register of Vegetable Varieties. The variety is classified as medium ripening, usually its ripening period is about 110 days. "Openwork" forms sredneroslye bushes, reaching a height of 90 cm. Stalks are strong, foliage - large, dense, dark green color.
The shape of the fruit is round, with flat upper and lower edges. The color of ripe fruit is bright red. The flesh is juicy, fleshy. About 4 seed cells form inside the fruit. Fruits are large, on average 200-230 g. Yield per 1 square. m. up to 12 kg.
The variety is intended primarily for growing in greenhouse conditions, however, in the southern and some central regions, it shows excellent results on open ground. The variety tolerates adverse arid conditions and is unpretentious in its care.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety.
The benefits of tomatoes "Openwork" include:
- average ripening,
- compact bushes form powerful stems,
- resistant to adverse conditions
- very fruitful
- forms large fruits that have an attractive appearance,
- designed for both open and closed ground,
- has a refined and unusual taste.
The disadvantages of the grade "Openwork" include the need for tying up because of the massiveness of the fruit, demands for additional feeding.
Features of cultivation of tomatoes "Openwork"
Based on the terms of cultivation, thermophilic tomatoes are cultivated in Russia by seedling. Therefore, conditionally, the technology of cultivation before harvesting can be divided into three stages:
- Preseeding preparation.
- Planting seeds and caring for seedlings.
- Planting in open ground and caring for planted bushes.
First of all, before sowing it is important to prepare the seeds. To protect the seedlings from diseases, the seeds are disinfected in a solution of any fungicide or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Another option is a 2-3% solution of hydrogen peroxide, where the seeds are heated to a temperature of 45 ° C for about 8 minutes.
Along with the etching apply bubbling. In a warm water (not less than 20 ºС) place a gauze bag with seeds, into which the hose from the aquarium compressor is introduced. The bag is tightly tied so that the seeds do not “jump out” of it and hold on to the hose. Compressor include, feeding on the seeds of air bubbles, which "push" pathogens from the surface of the seeds. The procedure for tomatoes - up to 12 hours.
In order to stimulate seed germination, as well as enrich them with useful substances, planting material is treated with Immunocytophyte, Epin-Extra, Kornevin, Ideal and others. Depending on the type of drug, apply soaking seeds in its solution or spraying them.
In conclusion, the seeds are hardened by placing them in the fridge daily, gradually increasing the placement time to several hours. After the refrigerator, the seeds are placed in a warm room. This contrast allows you to "wake up" the seeds after hibernation.
No less important component of pre-sowing preparation is the preparation of the soil mixture. The best option for seedlings will be the preparation of the following composition: peat, sod land, humus and river sand should be mixed in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 0.5. On a bucket of this mixture, add 1 cup of ash to reduce the acidity of the resulting soil.
After that, the resulting mixture must be calcined or treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. Instead of potassium permanganate can be sprayed with a solution of any fungicide for tomatoes.
In addition to the soil, it is important to prepare the container for seedlings. First of all, it must be thoroughly washed and then disinfected, immersed in a solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes.
Hybrid Variety of tomato openwork F1 is universal in application. Due to the small size of the fruit, they are great for whole canning. These tomatoes are very tasty, so they are happy to eat fresh and in salads. From Openwork Tomatoes it turns out juice rich in vitamins and thick tomato paste.
Tomatoes do not lose their taste during heat treatment, so they can be used to prepare various dishes.
Watch the video! Tomato Azhur F1. SeDeK
Description and characteristics of tomato variety Azhur
Variety Azhur belongs to varieties of early ripening. A period of technical ripeness comes later. 105-110 days after the formation of the first shoots.
The plant has a compact stem bush, densely strewn with open carved foliage of green color. It reaches a height of 80-90 cm, which makes it possible to grow it without additional support. The inflorescence is simple. Stem with articulation.
Tomato fruits have a regular flat-rounded shape, at the stage of technical ripeness they are painted in a saturated red color. Each tomato of this variety weighs 250-350 g. Fruits with thin, but dense peel and sweet fragrant pulp, which differs in density and fleshy.
The average fruit weight is 250-350 grams
Breeding history and region of growth
An unpretentious openwork hybrid with good taste is the result of the work of domestic breeders in Russia. The originator and patent holder is Cedek.
The purpose of creating a hybrid - the cultivation of culture in greenhouse conditions in cold climates. The variety was registered in 2007 as a vegetable, after which it immediately gained popularity among gardeners.
In the open field is suitable for cultivation in areas such as: Astrakhan, Krasnodar Territory and the central regions of Russia. In the northern territories, cultivation is possible only under greenhouse conditions.
In the North and in Siberia, cultivation of the variety is possible only in the greenhouse
The advantages of the variety and its disadvantages
The positive characteristics for which the variety is valued include:
- high yields, you can collect from 1 m2 7-8 kg, and from one bush - from 5 to 8 kg a tomato,
- matchless taste and external characteristics, thanks to large fruits and their attractive form,
- the intensive growth of tomatoes and the amicability of their ripening in all weather conditions,
- cracking is not observed,
- good resistance to diseases and attacks of pests, subject to the observance of all agricultural practices,
- preservation of appearance and taste fruits during transportation over long distances,
- keeping quality, which allows you to keep ripe vegetables for about three months when placed in a cold place,
- versatility in use, as vegetables are good both fresh and in homemade preparations for the winter.
According to reviews of experienced gardeners, this variety has no obvious drawbacks, one can only note increased need for irrigation and complex dressingsthat complicates care of tomatoes a little, and dependence of flavoring properties on availability of nutrients in the soil.
Therefore, the main reception of agrotechnics before planting seedlings is seed treatment, which will increase germination and reduce the time of germination of seedlings.
Preparatory procedures for seeds require a lot of time and attention. The main stages include seed sorting, heating, treatment in a solution of a biostimulant with protective and activating properties, soaking, germination and hardening.
The soil substrate for planting must meet the standards of culture, be aerated, not caked, have an optimal salt and acid balance, and do not have chemical substances harmful to culture.
Mid March 55-60 days Before planting, seedlings should be sown, which includes the following operations:
- Before planting, pour the soil into containers and moisten.
- To place two or three seeds, then to leave a well-developed seedling. If a box is used, the seeds should be deepened by 1 cm, keeping a minimum intermediate distance of 5 cm.
- Water, cover with film material or glass and put in a room with temperature. 23-25 degrees above zero. It should be borne in mind that the Azhur seedlings of the variety like good lighting, dry air, moist soil and do not withstand drafts, therefore creating optimal conditions to adhere to the preferences of the culture.
- After 5-7 days, the first shoots will appear. At this point, the film should be removed and watered as the soil dries.
- After the formation of 3-5 leaves, seedlings are subject to dive in separate pots, at the same time it is necessary to use the new soil equipped with fertilizers. A pick involves increasing the extra mass of the roots in a natural way.
- Two months later, young plants to plant in the greenhouse or open ground.
Transplantation of seedlings in open ground
When planting tomatoes in a greenhouse or open ground need to focus on the climatic conditions and the method of cultivation. Better when soil temperature rises up to 15-17 degrees.
The main stages of planting seedlings in open ground:
- Before planting, pre-select the site with the presence of breathable and well-heated soil. It is better to grow this vegetable on a raised place or a raised bed. Good predecessors - cabbage, cucumbers, zucchini. Selected bed to dig, level and maintain fertilizer complex using compost, wood ash and superphosphate.
- Make landing beams, keeping distance 40 cm, and between the rows - 50-60 cm for good care and ease of harvesting.
- Every well water well and add organic.
- Seed seedlings in the holes and gently sprinkle with fertile soil.
- After planting, water the plants again using warm water.
In order for the plant to be healthy and strong, you need to organize the correct further care, which includes:
- irrigation, the frequency of which depends on the climate of the region and soil moisture,
- regular weeding and loosening between the beds,
- hilling during the formation of roots and their growth,
- bush formation and timely removal of leaf sprouts grown in the axils in order to avoid a decrease in yield and a reduction in the size of fruits,
- implementation of preventive measures to protect the culture against diseases and pests,
- tying up and fixing on the support of large culture bushes, using long strips of soft tissue.
Features of fruiting
To obtain a high-quality crop of tomatoes, you should follow all the valuable tips on growing these tasty vegetables:
- Seedlings do not land close to each other in order to avoid slowing their growth and further development.
- Provide plants with high-quality lighting, especially in winter, by organizing artificial light.
- When planting seedlings need to dig as deep as possible their shoots in the ground until the top leaves.
- To tomatoes were large in size, the bush should be left not all buds, but about three well-formed bunches.
- To regulate the growth of plants by plucking the tops, and by the beginning of the preparation of home preparations for the winter, most of the fruits will ripen and be ready for processing.
- For good preservation of the tomato, the collection is carried out in dry weather at noontime, removing the fruit rest. The final crop harvesting should be carried out before the temperature drops at night to 5̊ degrees above zero.
Here are some valuable tips to help maximize your harvest.
Diseases and their prevention
This phenomenon does not exclude the risk of infection with late blight, tobacco mosaic, brown spot. The most dangerous pests for culture are tick, snail, caterpillar, mole.
To prevent the appearance of diseases and the accumulation of pests, several conditions must be observed:
- when landing use quality seedsbought in special stores, trusting only trusted manufacturers,
- observe the rules of crop rotation and do not plant tomatoes near the potato beds,
- annually change landing site, and in the absence of such an opportunity, it is necessary to process and restore the soil,
- for preventive purposes spray bushes appropriate protective equipment
- time to isolate and remove diseased or pest plants.
Many gardeners fell in love with the Azhur variety and made it a permanent resident of their beds for its large fruits, distinguished by their unique taste and pleasant aroma. A generous harvest will be provided even in adverse weather conditions.
Planting seeds and caring for seedlings
Seeds should be planted on seedlings 60-65 days before planting in open ground, therefore the approximate time for sowing is the second half of March; it is possible even earlier if seedlings will be planted in a greenhouse.
Tomato seeds are planted in the prepared loose and poured with warm water soil. At the same time, the planting depth is 1-2 cm. The planted seeds are added dropwise with earth, and the container is covered with glass or film until the emergence of shoots. The optimum temperature for germination of seedlings is from 18 ºС to 24 ºС.
Pick up seedlings produced in the phase of the appearance of two true leaves. Seedlings are transplanted into a bulk container or deepened its landing to the level of the first leaves. During the growth of seedlings this procedure is repeated several times.
In addition, it is recommended to feed the seedlings with a solution of potash or nitrogen fertilizer. Also for this purpose a solution of a tablespoon of wood ash in 1 liter of warm water will be suitable.
Plentifully and often seedlings should not be watered, the main thing is not to overdry and loosen the soil in time. By early June, seedlings will be ready for planting in open ground. 5-7 days before planting, they begin to harden, bringing it to a balcony or open air. Gradually, the time the seedlings stay in the air increases from several hours to full days.
Reviews who planted
Gardeners, who have already grown tomato Azhur on their plots, leave only positive reviews about this variety. They excrete good immunity, resistance to drought and simultaneous ripening. Therefore, this hybrid is often grown on sale.
Nina Georgievna, Perm Territory
Irina Sergeevna, Volgograd region
Ivan Fedorovich, Kirov region
Nina Semenovna, Moscow region
Valentina Ivanovna, Samara Region
Olga Viktorovna, Astrakhan region
Nadezhda, Chelyabinsk region
Victoria Petrovna, Ufa region
Planting in open ground and caring for planted bushes
The main condition for planting seedlings - the absence of the threat of frost and the establishment of stable warm weather. It is advisable to prepare the soil for planting in the fall: fertilize the land with humus, plowing it with the top layer of earth.
The site is chosen on the basis of crops planted last year. You can not plant a tomato for 2 years in a row in one place, after other nightshade, and also after pepper. These plants are not suitable as neighbors in the area. At the same time, tomatoes feel well after cucumbers, legumes, mustard, and rapeseed.
In the spring, the site is once again loosened, before planting, the area is cleared of weeds, which already appear by this time. The holes for seedlings dig at the rate of 4 bush per 1 sq. M. Before planting seedlings in the wells put organic or mineral fertilizers, watered with warm water.
Although the bushes of tomato "Openwork" and not so high, they require a garter, as massive fruits can break off the stems. Grow this variety in 2-3 stems. The remaining stems and leaves are stepsons, starting from the bottom leaves. In hot climatic conditions, pinching is reduced to a minimum.
The frequency of watering tomatoes - 1 time per week, preventing drying. In rainy weather, watering will be less. It is important in time to loosen and weed the soil.
Tomato "Openwork" will thank for feeding, so it is important to hold it at least 3 times during the growing season. Since tomatoes in particular prefer nitrogen and potassium, mixtures containing exactly these elements are prepared for feeding.
Disease and pest resistance
Tomato "Openwork" is most susceptible to spider mites and slugs. Against ticks, treatment with a solution of household soap helps well; in the case of slugs, it is better to carry out their manual sampling, and then to sprinkle the area with mustard, ash, or grated red pepper.
As for diseases, this variety is resistant to diseases of late blight, blackleg, cracking and drying of fruits.
For the prevention of diseases it is important to moderately water the bushes, weed the soil. In addition, prophylactic treatment of the plantation with fungicides and insecticides will not be superfluous.
Thus, the grade "Openwork" is a worthy commercial grade which even the novice vegetable grower can choose on the site. And tasty and juicy fruits of this variety will not leave indifferent tomato lovers.
We keep several greenhouses on our plots with our family. When choosing a suitable variety of tomatoes, we stopped at “Openwork”, because it is not too high for greenhouses, but it has a strong branched shrub that forms many excellent ovaries and fruits. Taste grown tomatoes divine, consumers buy it well.
I am a novice in vegetable growing. According to the reviews, I realized that the Openwork Tomato is one of the ideal varieties for beginners, so I decided to try it. As a summary, I will answer that the plant is a bit whimsical, but to care for it is real. In August, I had a good harvest, and the tasty fruits for a long time pleased my table not only with fresh dishes, but also with preservation.