Crop production

Self-fruited plum varieties

Plum can grow in the form of a tree or a tall bush. In order not to be mistaken in the choice of a sapling, it is necessary to have a good idea of ​​what shape and size this culture should have in your area. In this article we will figure out which grade to choose, how to plant a plum and what kind of care is needed for it. From all this will depend on the quality and quantity of the harvest.

Video: Why do not fruits, cherries and plums. Website "Garden World"

All varieties of plums can be divided into two types: those that are capable of self-pollination, and those that are pollinated from other varieties.

There are much more advantages in samobzplednyh varieties, because they are able to bring much greater yields. And among the samobzplodnyh varieties are more common large fruits.

But still, it is much easier to grow and care for self-bearing plums, which we will tell about.

Which plum is better to plant?

Choosing a plum, you can focus on its shape. Varieties characterized by low growth, can be formed in the form of a fan. The height of such a plum will be about two meters, and the width - about three. The plot along the fence on the sunny side would be an ideal place for her. This option is suitable for those whose plot size is not particularly large. Also, undersized plum can be given the shape of a pyramid, and then it will no longer need a fence.

For central Russia, bushy forms are best suited. The height of the crown in an adult plant is about four meters. Its beginning is at a height of one meter from the ground. Due to this, caring for the plant does not present any particular difficulties, although, in order to harvest, you have to climb onto a stepladder.

Plums of average height reach six meters, and tall - eight. Such options will suit you in the event that the size of your site is large enough. And also you need to purchase a ladder of decent length in advance. After all, without it, the harvest from such a tree you will not collect.

Plums also differ in the method of pollination. There may be plants self-fertilized and cross-pollinated. The first successfully bear fruit, dispensing with varieties producing pollination. But if those still grow nearby, then their productivity increases significantly. Others simply cannot bear fruit without pollinator varieties. Of course, a self-fruiting plum, the varieties of which will be discussed below, is the preferred option. Especially for owners of small areas.

Self-fruited plum: varieties

The biggest advantage of a self-fruited plum is that by planting such a tree on your plot, you can be sure of one hundred percent yield. And although there are not many varieties of this plum, there are still plenty to choose from:

  • Variety "Orlovskaya dream." Was launched only ten years ago. It has large round-shaped fruits. Fruits are red. The flesh is yellow, juicy, medium density. A distinctive feature is a completely transparent juice. The bone is small, but it separates badly. The variety is considered early. Fruit ripening occurs in early August. Yield is average. Frost resistance of this variety is very high.
  • Variety "Red Ball". Fruits are large, juicy, sweet, have a red color. Mature, as the previous variety, in early August. Have a pronounced pleasant aroma. Crops of this species are quite high. The big advantage is considered a dense skin of the fetus. Thanks to her, plums of this variety can be transported over long distances.
  • Variety "Yellow self-fruited plum". It has round fruits of medium size, which are colored yellow and have a dense skin. The pulp of plums is dense, the juice content is average. It has a pleasant aroma. It is widely used not only in its raw form, but also for making jam or compotes. Ripens somewhat later than previous varieties. Harvesting is carried out in mid-August. The advantages of this variety are its high yield, excellent taste, dense peel of fruits, as well as high resistance to cold.

Plum planting

Plums in Russia is better to plant in the spring. Why not in the fall? This is due to the fact that the trees planted in autumn do not have time to take root well for the winter and often die. The main thing - to decide where to plant the plum, and prepare this place. Pits begin to cook in the autumn. You can, of course, in early spring, but in any case, not later than two weeks before planting. The depth of such a pit should be sixty centimeters, and the diameter should be about seventy. The soil that you got from the pit in the process of digging should be mixed well with humus, which should be half the volume of the soil. This mixture is sent back to the pit.

We will understand how to plant a plum seedling. A wooden peg is driven into the center to which it is tied. To deepen the plant is necessary so that the neck of the root was five centimeters above the ground surface. The roots are covered with earth without admixture of fertilizers and slightly compacted by hand. This is done so that there is no void around the root. Now the plum needs to be plentifully watered and the soil around the trunk is covered with peat. Some vigorous species of plants need to mount the trunk for another two years after planting.

Plum care

We figured out how to plant a plum. Now consider the main points of tree care. During the first two years, the plant will use the nutrient mixture embedded in the planting pit. In the future, mineral as well as organic fertilizers should be applied over the area of ​​the trunk circle, which, moreover, must be periodically loosened. And also near the stem of the plant is better to destroy all weed vegetation.

The important point is the removal of the root growth. It can grow within a radius of three meters around a tree or shrub and cause enough inconvenience in the garden. Therefore, it should be removed, and should be done about five times over the summer. If such manipulations are not carried out, then the fruiting tree will quickly weaken and its yield will drop significantly.

Fertilizer plants

Plum loves various dressings and responds with gratitude. In early spring, immediately after flowering, nitrogen fertilizers are applied. They help the tree grow more intensely. In the second part of the growing season, apply nitrogen-potassium and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. They contribute to the accumulation of nutrients. And in the autumn, in the process of digging up the soil, organic fertilizers are introduced.

Preparing for the winter

Despite the fact that many varieties of plums are resistant to frost, the plant should be properly prepared for winter. After all, there is little to know how to plant a plum. You must still be able to keep it in your garden for many years. For successful wintering, a tree trunk is covered with snow and covered with hay from above. This helps to protect the tree not only from frost, but also from rodents. The branches of a young plant for the winter is best tied together.

So, if you follow all the simple rules of care and know how to plant a plum, how to ensure good development and successful wintering, then in the summer the plant will certainly please you with a good harvest. And not only in a quantitative sense, but also in a qualitative one.

Adding an article to a new collection

The names of plum varieties are numerous. In this article we will focus on the most popular of them - self-fertile. What exactly these plums most attract gardeners?

Plant self-fertility is its ability to self-pollination. Such a tree does not need insects or the related culture in the neighborhood to set fruit. In many self-fertile plants, the anthers are at the level of the stigma, and fertilization occurs when the flower is still unopened. This allows you to get a crop even under adverse conditions: when a strong wind blows during flowering of plants, the flying of bees and bumblebees, etc., is disturbed.

But you should know: without the participation of a pollinator variety in self-bearing plants, only up to 50% of the available flowers are tied. Only with the help of pollinating varieties this figure can be brought closer to 100%. In addition, self-fertility is a non-permanent symptom. The same variety in one climate can be stably self-fertile every year, and in another region it can be partially self-fertile (only 20-30% of flowers are tied without pollinators). Then the harvest does not meet your expectations.

So, let's find out what kind of self-fertile plum is better to plant in the middle lane and Moscow region, so that the plant does not disappoint.

1. Anna Shpet

Large oval fruits ripen on a strong-growing tree with a rounded or rounded pyramidal crown. The color of the fruit is dark purple with a reddish tinge and subcutaneous spots. The peel is covered with a gray wax bloom, it is easily separated from the pulp. Pulp - greenish-yellow or golden, dense, tender, juicy, fibrous, sweet with a slight sourness. Fruits are suitable for fresh consumption and preparation of jam, but not suitable for freezing and production of dried fruits.

The frost resistance of the plant is medium, so the variety is more popular in the south. However, after frosting, the tree recovers well, even freezers drag on.

Although the variety is considered partially self-fertile, it produces a good harvest even without pollinators. And if you plant a variety of plums nearby Washington, Hungarian homemade, Hungarian Italian, Victoria, Catherine, Raisin-Eric, Kirk, Early, Renclod green, Peachthen it is possible to gather about 60 kg of fruits from an adult ten-year-old plant in a fruitful year.

Among the shortcomings of the variety, it is possible to note a weak resistance to diseases, a high crown (when harvesting from an adult tree without a ladder), loose wood (trees often break in strong winds).

Self-fertile plums - varieties and their features

In fact, varieties of self-propelled plums are not so, and a great many. Also, to choose among them those varieties that would be well and qualitatively fruitful, when searching the Internet was difficult, but still managed to find them.

After all for samoplodnoy plums do not need to plant in the garden pollinator treeIts growing season runs independently and independently and can produce very good yields. In addition, the fruits of these plums are universal in use, and among them you can find both blue and yellow varieties.

Plum variety "Orlovskaya Dream"

This variety was bred and distributed not too long ago, just 10 years ago. The Orlivska Dreams parent can be called the Annushka plum variety, from which freely sown seedlings the first seedlings of this plum were selected.

Distinctive features of the fruit

The fruits of this variety are large. Their average weight is 40-43 grams. They are rounded in shape. The height of the fruit on average is 44 millimeters. The fruit also has a narrow and deep funnel. By its color, the fruits are red with many subcutaneous points, which makes them particularly attractive. By the way, according to the results of expert evaluation, the fruits of this variety received an external rating of 4.5 out of 5.

The stone in the fruit is small, however, it is very poorly separated from the pulp. The pulp of the fruit contains about 10.3% of sugars and only 1.1% of acids, which makes their taste balanced. Tasters taste fresh fruits rated at 4.4. The main purpose of plums is table.

Terms of ripening fruits of plum "Orlovskaya Dream" early, approximately at the beginning of August.

What are the features of the tree?

The tree in the variety "Orlovskaya Mechta" is not distinguished by its large size. The strength of his average - fructifying adult tree as much as possible reaches only 2.5 meters. The crown of a tree is pyramid in shape. The branches of the crown spreading and slightly raised.

Because of the small number of branches and branches, the crown of the Orlovskaya Mechta plum tree is medium thickened. The bark has a brown color, smooth on the branches and on the trunk. Young shoots are usually straight, brown-brown color. The fruitful parts of the tree are the bouquet twigs.

The tree begins to bear fruit three years after planting. During the flowering period, the tree enters approximately in the middle of May, in 11-18 numbers.

Yield wood considered average. On average, about 99.2 centners of fruit are harvested per hectare. The maximum yield per hectare is 119.8 centners. Naturally, this variety is self-fertile.

About the pros of the variety

Winter hardiness of this variety is very high, besides not only wood, but also its buds. This greatly simplifies the preparation for the winter and allows not particularly worried through the spring frosts.

Also tree bears fruit big amount large fruits. In addition, the fruits have a very beautiful color and quality. Klyasterosporiozom plum is almost not terrible. In combination with the fact that the tree bears early fruit and has very convenient care sizes, the Orlovskaya Mechta variety can in fact be called one of the best self-fruited plum varieties.

Now about the minuses of the variety

Unfortunately, but due to the abundant yield of the tree, the size of its fruits often decreases greatly. Thus, despite the large number of plums, their total weight will hardly differ from the weight of the crop, which could be obtained with a smaller number of fruits.

Plum variety "Red Ball"

Another self-fertile plum variety that has very tasty and rather large fruits. It was obtained by breeding. To this end, Russian scientists crossed the variety "Burbank", which is a Chinese-American variety of plums, and the "Ussuriyskuyu Red" plum. We now turn to the description of the plum "Red Ball".

Distinctive features of the fruit

This variety also boasts its large fruits. Their weight equal on average 35-40 grams. Ripe plums have a rounded shape. The color of the peel is the same red as the fruit of the Orlovskaya Dreams plum variety. The peel is dense, has a waxy bloom of gray color.

The flesh of the fruit is light yellow. According to the structure, it is very loose, with a characteristic fibrousness. The pulp also contains a large amount of juice, which well complements its sweet taste.

The fruit is characterized by a very pleasant aroma. Tasting taste evaluation plum "Red Ball" - 4 points of 5. The stone in the fruit is not large, it is difficult to separate from the pulp. Most often fruits are used for the table use.

Fruits ripen early. The optimal time for harvesting is the beginning of August.

About tree varieties "Red Ball"

By its size, the tree is able to reach only the average height, which is 2.5 meters. The crown shape of a tree of this variety has a round-hanging crown. There are not many branches, because of which the crown is medium thick.

Fruiting at grade plentifulthat allows you to get good yields of plums. The fruits are formed on the bouquet branches and on the shoots formed a year ago.

Fruiting in a tree of this variety begins very early, as early as 2-3 years after planting.

What are the advantages of this variety

The virtue of the variety lies in the large size of its fruits and their high external quality. It is worth noting that ripe plums, due to their rather dense skins, can be transported over fairly long distances.

In addition, the variety quickly becomes fruiting, fruit him ripen very early and it does not require dusting with other varieties.The tree and its fruit buds tolerate low temperatures, are not afraid of frost, which can suddenly hit in the spring. High resistance of this variety to clautrosporia is noted.

But there are also disadvantages

The taste qualities of the fruits of this variety are slightly inferior to many others, which is why the “Red Ball” variety can be called an amateur plum.

Plum variety "Memory of Timiryazev": description

This variety of self-fruited plum is considered one of the most famous and common. It was bred in the middle of the last century, by selectively crossing a plum "Victoria" with such a variety as "Redhead Red".

Most common in Central and Volga-Russian territory.

Distinctive features of the fruit

Fruits are of medium size, on average, their weight is only 22 grams. The form of plums of this variety is oval. The abdominal suture is almost invisible.

Painted they basically in redbut have also red barrels, which is formed under the influence of the sun. Also, the fruits are characteristic a large number of subcutaneous pointswhich are also painted red. The peel is covered with a slight layer of wax.

In terms of ripening, the variety should be attributed to the late ones, since the removable ripeness of the fruits occurs only in the last days of August - the first days of September.

Tree varieties "memory Timiryazev"

The tree in adulthood reaches medium size, which is very convenient when taking care of it. The crown has a rounded and bushy shape. Due to the small number of main branches, the crown is thickened to a moderate degree.

Degree of foliage also average. Shoots have a light brown color, down to the bottom. Fruiting is mainly formed on the bouquet branches and annual shoots.

Blossom tree starts around May 12-22. The first yields are given only on the 4th year after planting.

The tree is considered durable and able to bear fruit to 21 years.

It is important to note that in spite of the fact that the tree is self-bearing, its yield is above average. About 9 kilograms are collected from one tree in one season. Sometimes periodic yield may appear, but on 16 years of fruiting, on average, it appears only 5 times.

Advantages of this plum variety

Fruit varieties of plum "Memory of Timiryazev" large and very high quality. Have a good appearance. Fruits are well to be transported. Can be used by all possible types of destination plums.

The tree is self-bearing and capable of very fast regeneration, which allows frequent pruning of the branches to increase the size of the fruit. Such diseases as klyasterosporiosis and fruit rot, the variety is practically not affected. Good for intensive gardening.

Now for the cons

The variety is very afraid of low temperatures. Particularly affected by frost shoots. The branches and flower buds of a tree are affected by frost in a moderate degree. Also in the middle the tree is drought tolerant. It is strongly affected by ticks if the tree is not treated on time and regularly with special preparations.

Plum "Yellow Self-fertile": description

Samoplodny plum variety, the origin of which is not known. Very widely distributed and known for the taste of the fruit.

Distinctive features of the fruit

In this variety, fruits are of medium size. Their weight ranges from 20 to 30 grams. They are round in shape. The skin of ripe plums is dense, with a characteristic wax coating. The fruits are yellow in color.

The pulp of the fruit of removable maturity has a light yellow color. By structure, it is very dense, the juice content is average. ATgood quality. Also characterized by a pleasant delicate flavor that can cause appetite. It is widely used both in fresh form and in processing into jams, jams and compotes.

The term of ripening fruits is medium, removable maturity begins in mid-August.

A little bit about the tree

The tree of this variety grows very large, although the size of the crown is medium. Crown thickening is average. The main branches depart from the trunk at an acute angle, in type they are skeletal.

Shoots are brown, straight and slightly dipped. Fruiting concentrates mainly on the bouquet branches.

Sort "Yellow Self-Fertile" considered high-yieldingwhat contribute to the large size of the tree.

Pros varieties "Yellow Samoplodnaya"

The advantage of the variety is its beautiful yellow fruits of good taste and universal purpose. The density of the skin provides them with high suitability for transportation. The tree of the variety "Yellow Samoplodnaya" has a high resistance to low temperatures.

The disadvantages of this class

The main disadvantage is the large size of the tree, which greatly complicates the care and harvesting. In addition, the tree takes up a lot of garden space.

Plum pruning tips

Medium and tall varieties of plums, although they need pruning, should not be regular. With direct landing tree shoots shorten by 1-2 buds. The main conductor can be shortened to 30 centimeters (depending on the size of the seedling).

The crown of an annual tree should also be trimmed to form its correct crown. Among all plum branches, you need to choose the strongest and form 3-4 tiers of them, 2-6 branches in each tier (the largest number of branches should be in the lower tier, and the least in the top tier).

The remaining branches are also trimmed, but this is done in such a way that the lowest branches are the longest, and the top ones the shortest. But the longest should be the conductor.

Further pruning is aimed at removing damaged and dried branches, stimulating the growth of fruits, and at maintaining a superior conductor length.

About watering plums

But watering plums is constantly and regularly, because they are very fond of wet earth. Watering is carried out throughout the growing season, once a month. However, in case of severe droughts, watering should be done up to 2-3 times per month. Requires watering the tree, even in September, to stock up on the necessary substances for the winter well.

Cooking plum for the winter

Even despite the high resistance of many varieties before the winter frost, in winter, a tree trunk should be covered with a large layer of snow and cover it with hay on top. This will not only provide protection against frostbite, but also against various rodents.

Young seedlings can generally bend down to the ground and dripping with snow. It is recommended to tie the branches of a young tree for the winter together, with one broom.

Planting requirements for described plum varieties

A place to land is to choose a windless, so as not to stagnate cold air flow.

This should be taken into account when laying a garden, making a distance between medium and tall trees from 2.5 to 3.5 meters. The space between the rows should be about 4 meters.

Pit for landing gets ready in 2-3 weeks. Its depth should be about 60 centimeters so that a mixture of soil and organic fertilizers can be placed on the bottom (we fall asleep while digging a hole, so that this soil has time to settle before planting).

We lower the seedling into the pit so that its root collar remains 5-7 cm above the soil surface. Next, we fill the sapling with soil without adding any fertilizers (it is also recommended to pour a not very thick layer of soil without fertilizers under the sapling).

The soil should be very well compacted so that there is no air near the roots, otherwise it can dry the roots. Sapling abundantly water. Repeat watering should be another 2 weeks.

Self-fruited plum varieties with red fruits

Fruits of red plum contribute to weight loss, eliminate iron deficiency in the blood, improve blood clotting.

The best self-fertile varieties among red plums are considered to be:

The variety "Orlovskaya dream" was bred on the basis of the old variety "Annushka". The tree turned out with a sprawling pyramidal crown. Good leafy. The height of an adult plant does not exceed 2.5 m. The first crop is removed 4 years after planting. By the time of ripening, the fruits are middle-ripening. Flowering occurs in May, fully harvest ripens only in the month of July.

Fruits of Oryol plum differ in large size, dense flesh, sugar content. The taste is sour. The skin is red, and the flesh is light yellow.

Variety "Orlovskaya dream" tolerates frost. Even the kidneys are not affected by the temperature drop. Suitable for cultivation in the central zone of Russia.

But without the cons not to do. In the period of abundant fruiting plums may shrink.

Variety "Red Ball" has long been known. He was bred by crossing the varieties "Burbank" and "Ussuri Red". The tree turned out compact, does not exceed 2.5 m. Enters fruiting early, within a year or two after planting. The yield is high, the fruits are large, the average weight of one plum is 40 g. The skin of the fruit is dense, red with a waxy coating. The flesh is loose, but very juicy, yellow.

Plum "Red Ball" tolerates transportation, rarely gets sick and can withstand freezing. The disadvantages include the ability of the fruit to chopping.

The self-made plum of the Giant variety produces a crop of up to 40 kg per tree. The plant is vigorous, it reaches a height of 4 m. It begins to bear fruit 3-4 years after planting. In terms of ripening plum refers to medium grades. It tolerates frosts up to -35 ° C, suitable for growing in regions with a harsh climate.

The fruits are very large, the average weight of one plum reaches 80 gr. The skin is dense, pink-red. The flesh is juicy, tasty, sour.

Among the minuses of the variety emit low drought resistance of the tree, poor disease resistance. To collect a good harvest, you need to resort to preventive measures. In addition, the bone from the fetus is separated badly, which many do not like.

Dark varieties of self-fruited plums

One of the popular varieties of blue plum is the "President". Tree srednerosloye, reaches a height of about 3.5 m. It tolerates lowering the temperature to - 30 ° C, rarely ill. Productivity varieties at a height, with one young tree can be collected up to 30 kg of fruit. Each year, the yield grows, adult plum gives up to 70 kg per tree.

The fruits of the plum "President" are large, weighing about 70 grams. The skin is dark purple, dense. The flesh is sweet.

Positive aspects of the President variety:

The tree begins to bear fruit for 5 years after planting. But it requires the formation of a crown and thinning. If these procedures are not carried out, the yield drops, the plum suffers from pests and diseases.

No less good is the self-fertile variety of plum "Anna Shpet". The fruit of the tree is used for the preparation of dried fruit, freezing and processing. The variety is valued for its dark purple fruits, which have good taste. The pulp is juicy, moderately fibrous, dense

The tree is vigorous, tolerates frost well and recovers well. The yield of plums is good, the adult plant gives up to 60 kg of fruits.

Among the shortcomings of the variety are:

• strong tree growth,

• poor disease resistance,

The tree needs thinning, preventive spraying. Planted in a place protected from strong winds, otherwise the branches may suffer.

Yellow self-propelled plums: description of varieties with photos

The grade "Yellow self-fertile" is gaining popularity among gardeners. And it is no coincidence that plum is considered one of the high-yielding. The tree is tall but weakly leafy, its crown is spreading. In fruiting enters the third year after planting. Harvest ripen in the second half of summer.

Fruits of medium size, round, yellow, covered with dense skin. The flesh is juicy, tasty, not friable. Plums tolerate transportation.

Positive features of the variety "Yellow self-fruited":

There are no drawbacks to the tree, except for its strong growth.

The fruitful grade of Morning plum also belongs to self-fertile. It gives good yields in all weather conditions, it is a pollinator for many home-grown varieties.

The tree is low, with a compact crown, comes into fruiting in the 5th year of cultivation. The average yield, young tree gives up to 15 kg of plums. Harvest ripen in the second half of summer. Frost resistance is average, but the seedling is well restored in spring.

The fruits are small, yellow-green, fragrant and juicy. The flesh is medium density, sweet. Stone is well separated. Plum tolerates transportation.

Features planting samoplodnyh varieties and care for plums

In order to get a high yield of the crop from the self-growing varieties, first of all, you need to choose a variety suitable for your region and plant it correctly.

Where to plant self-bearing plums

For planting seedlings take away a windless place, preferably the southern slope of the site. Such a place can be created by artificial means. Start planting better in early spring, as soon as the snow melts.

Place for landing prepared in the fall. They dig up the soil well, fill the planting pit with mineral fertilizers and humus. The pits are located at a distance of 2.5-3 m from each other, as the trees need good lighting.

Care of seedlings

Young trees are demanding of soil moisture. It must not be overwetted or excessively dry. Water the trees once a month. If summer is hot, then 2-3 times.

Watering combined with dressing plums. Although self-fertile varieties and do not need regular feeding, but fertilize them does not hurt. Additional nutrition is made according to the scheme:

• in early spring nitrogen fertilizers,

• in summer, potash and phosphorus-potash fertilizers,

Enough to fertilize every 2-3 years, provided that the landing pit was filled as expected.

Tips for pruning self-fertile plums

Self-fertile varieties do not need regular pruning, but tree care is needed.

In the first year, the conductor is cut by 20 cm. In the spring of the second year, all lateral shoots are shortened by 1/3 of the length. In the third year, the procedure is repeated, additionally cut out all the extra branches. Further, old shoots are pruned for 1 kidney, and young ones are shortened. After the fifth year of cultivation, new shoots are cut, the center conductor is shortened by 25 cm, the side branches are cut by 1/3 of the length.

Crohn formed every year, cut out dry and damaged shoots. It stimulates the growth of fruits.

Features of samoplodnyh varieties

Self-fertility is the ability to self-pollinate without the presence of bees and the neighborhood of a related tree.

It has been experimentally proved that such trees produce a greater yield in cross-pollination, since in this case both the pollen and its pollen and the neighboring trees act as a pollinator.

Under the influence of climatic conditions, partial self-fertility of the variety can occur, it implies lower yields.

Self-infertility is the impossibility of a tree to self-pollinate without the presence of bees and neighboring related trees. Only in 5% of cases the fruits are tied.

Partially samoplodnyh varieties for good harvest requires a neighborhood with a good varietal plum.

Self-fertile plums - varieties and their features

In fact, varieties of self-propelled plums are not so, and a great many. Also, to choose among them those varieties that would be well and qualitatively fruitful, when searching the Internet was difficult, but still managed to find them.

The most important advantage of this type of plum is that by planting the following varieties in your garden, you will be 100% sure of receiving the harvest.

After all for samoplodnoy plums do not need to plant in the garden pollinator treeIts growing season runs independently and independently and can produce very good yields. In addition, the fruits of these plums are universal in use, and among them you can find both blue and yellow varieties.

Features of the cultivation of samoplodnyh varieties

Plum self-bearing has its advantages and disadvantages.Experienced gardeners note that the degree of yields of self-productive varieties is much higher, and the fruits are larger. However, self-bearing plums do not need pollinating trees, and if they are planted next to each other, the crop will be several times larger than those of the self-fruitless ones. You can also not be afraid of bad weather conditions that prevent the bees from performing their function.

Trees can self-pollinate, which greatly facilitates the care of them. Partially self-fertile varieties also exist, but they also need pollinators. It is important to note that self-fertility is not a guarantee of the harvest. Such trees also suffer from cold, frost, drafts, improperly selected soil and neglect of caring for them.

For the normal growth of the tree and abundant fruiting, first of all, you should choose the right place for planting. This should be a plot located at a small elevation or with a deep groundwater storage. Also, the place you need to choose a sunny, protected from drafts and gusting winds. Agrotechnical procedures should not be neglected: regular pruning, watering, fertilizing.

Varieties with varying degrees of pollination

For different climatic conditions, the most suitable varieties of self-propelled plum are derived.
High-yielding varieties recommended in different regions:

  • for the middle band, including the Moscow region:

  • Hungarian Moskovskaya (For all the varieties of the Pinger, read in this article) - only from it prunes are obtained thanks to the fleshy pulp,
  • Memory of Timiryazev - has dense, large, bright yellow fruits,
  • Morning - greenish-yellow with a blush berries, medium sweetness and juiciness.

  • for the North-West, including the Leningrad region:

  • Hungarian Pulkovo - dark red fruit with a sweet and sour taste,
  • The early ripening red - pink-purple sweet and sour fruit.

  • for the Central Black Earth region, the Volga region:

  • Hungarian Korneevskaya - violet-brown sweet fruit, the variety has good winter hardiness,
  • Hungarian Kuban - dark purple sweet and sour fruit,
  • Kabardian early - differs in the early term of fructification (fourth year), but low frost resistance,
  • Memory of Timiryazev - bright yellow sweet fruits,
  • Nizhny Novgorod - fruits red-yellow juicy berries, three years after planting,

  • Volgograd - purple sweet-sour berries, variety frost-resistant and early ripe,
  • Peace - in the sixth year bears fruit with dark-violet, sour-sweet fruits,
  • Viola - a low variety with dark blue sour-sweet fruits.

  • Ksenia - pink large sweet fruits, early ripe variety.

Partial samoplodnye plum varieties have high yields when planting nearby.

The most favorable regions for the growth of partially self-bearing plum:

  • for Moscow region, the middle band:

  • Blue gift - small dark blue fruits of medium sweetness,
  • Yakhontovaya - bright yellow juicy fruits, early fruiting.

  • for the Central Black Earth region, the Volga region:

  • Renklod Sovetsky (For all varieties of Renklod in this article) - brown-purple fruit, for fresh use,
  • Renklod Tenkovsky - dark-purple fruits, a variety early-growing and short,
  • Renklod Shcherbinsky - a variety with annual fruiting, dark blue juicy fruits,

  • Oryol souvenir - brown fruits with a dryish flesh, good winter hardiness and yield,
  • Anna Shpet - light yellow fruits, poorly stored when canning,
  • Etude - red-purple juicy fruits,
  • Nezhenka - red fruits with juicy melting pulp,
  • Oryol dream - red juicy fruits, but small,
  • Blue bird - large purple fruit with good transportability.

Video: Plum in Siberia

It is important to note that in spite of the fact that the tree is self-bearing, its yield is above average. About 9 kilograms are collected from one tree in one season. Sometimes periodic yield may appear, but on 16 years of fruiting, on average, it appears only 5 times.

Advantages of this plum variety

Fruit varieties of plum "Memory of Timiryazev" large and very high quality. Have a good appearance. Fruits are well to be transported. Can be used by all possible types of destination plums.

The tree is self-bearing and capable of very fast regeneration, which allows frequent pruning of the branches to increase the size of the fruit. Such diseases as klyasterosporiosis and fruit rot, the variety is practically not affected. Good for intensive gardening.

Now for the cons

The variety is very afraid of low temperatures. Particularly affected by frost shoots. The branches and flower buds of a tree are affected by frost in a moderate degree. Also in the middle the tree is drought tolerant. It is strongly affected by ticks if the tree is not treated on time and regularly with special preparations.

Video: CREATING SCREWS (LANDING, SUPPORTING, CARE)

The tree of this variety grows very large, although the size of the crown is medium. Crown thickening is average. The main branches depart from the trunk at an acute angle, in type they are skeletal.

Shoots are brown, straight and slightly dipped. Fruiting concentrates mainly on the bouquet branches.

Sort "Yellow Self-Fertile" considered high-yieldingwhat contribute to the large size of the tree.

Pros varieties "Yellow Samoplodnaya"

The advantage of the variety is its beautiful yellow fruits of good taste and universal purpose. The density of the skin provides them with high suitability for transportation. The tree of the variety "Yellow Samoplodnaya" has a high resistance to low temperatures.

The disadvantages of this class

The main disadvantage is the large size of the tree, which greatly complicates the care and harvesting. In addition, the tree takes up a lot of garden space.

Oryol dream

No wonder the tree has received such a name, because the merits of this variety can not be challenged. Dream plum appeared recently, but has already gained confidence among gardeners. A low tree, about 2 m high, with a classic medium-thick, sprawling pyramidal crown and slightly raised shoots. Small size and early fruiting greatly simplifies harvesting. The bark on the trunk and branches is smooth, rich-brown in color, in young shoots the color is closer to brown.

The plum of the Oryol dream belongs to skoroplodny varieties, begins to bear fruit in the third year after planting in open ground.

The yield is average, however, with cross-pollination it can be higher. The tree has a high degree of frost resistance, and cold and freezing are not terrible, not only to the shoots, but also to the kidneys. Therefore, it is necessary to cover the plant only in conditions of particularly severe winters. The tree is resistant to common fungal infections, as well as kleasterospiosis.

The fruits of the Oryol plum are rather large, more than 4 cm tall and 40 g in weight. The color of the skin is bluish-red, the subcutaneous spots are numerous and pronounced. Evaluation of commercial quality plums high.

The flesh is yellow, fibrous, not too dense, with a high content of colorless juice. Fruits of table purpose, sweet-sour taste. With a large number of fruits become smaller.

Planting requirements for self-propelled plums

For good and long fruiting plum requires special planting conditions. It can not be planted in low-lying places, where frosts often fall and snow and slush linger long.

A more suitable place for it is the sunny slopes, where the snow melts quickly, and the root system of the plum does not suffer from increased humidity. If there is no natural hill, you can create an artificial one.

Choosing a good place for landing, you need to properly prepare it. It is advisable to do this in the fall as follows: on 1 square. m. add 7 kg of humus, 50 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potash salt. All minerals will dissolve and the soil will be enriched, and in the spring you can start planting seedlings.

Before planting, you must carefully check the condition of the roots, damaged and dried cut off. The seedling is placed in a pit with straightened roots, covered with earth, while the root neck should remain on the ground surface. A circle is formed around the seedling with stops from the ground at the edges, then watering, then the circle is filled with humus. The distance between seedlings should be 3-4 m.

Proper care of the seedling

For the growth of a beautiful strong tree, annual spring pruning of seedlings is necessary. To have more ramifications, rather than a thin long trunk.
Trimming takes place in the following order:

  • the first year the main sprout is shortened by 20 cm,
  • on the second, all branches are shortened by 1/3,
  • on the third - the same as on the second, and delete the branches, rubbing and interfering with each other,
  • on the fourth - all new shoots are cut, the old ones are shortened by the bud,
  • on the fifth - the main branch is shortened by 25 cm, the rest should not be longer than it, friction shoots are removed, new ones are cut off,
  • the sixth and subsequent years before fruiting - a low crown is formed with several tiers of branches without close contact with each other, by cutting as in previous years,

  • when fruiting, pruning is pruned to maintain optimal growth for harvest and abundance of the crop, dried and irregular branches are removed.

When studying information about different varieties, it should be borne in mind that negative reviews may be associated with improper care. Plum requires careful maintenance.

Self-fruited plums are a good breeding achievement. They do not need pollination of neighboring trees, but pollination with them turns out to be more abundant and more productive.

When choosing a variety, zoning should be considered: an excellent variety for the Volga region may not be suitable for the Northern regions. It is associated with a different period of flowering and ripening.

From this video you will learn what are the varieties of plums:

Red ball

This variety belongs to the Chinese species of plums, obtained as a result of crossing the American and Chinese varieties. The tree is medium thick, with medium thick rounded crown. The branches are down. The shoots are strong, with a smooth bark of rich gray color. Bouquet twigs and last year's shoots bear fruit. Skoroplodnoe, the first fruits appear in the second year after planting. Does not require pollination, blooms early, and the fruits ripen by the end of July.

Plum yields generous yields. It tolerates strong frosts, is not afraid of spring frosts and stone fruit diseases. Fruits are large, rounded in shape, by weight 30–40 g. The color of plums is saturated red. The skin is dense, with a noticeable wax coating. The flesh is light yellow in color, with a loose structure, fibrous, very juicy. Taste is sweet, aroma pleasant, pronounced. Despite the high commodity and taste, it is called plum "an amateur."

Yellow self-fertile

Tall tree with a compact crown, skeletal branches grow at right angles. Shoots straight, slightly down, brown color. Plum Yellow self-fertile is considered a high-yielding variety. Not prone to diseases, tolerates low temperatures. Fruits are round, medium size, about 30 g in weight. The peel is bright yellow, dense, covered with a waxy coating.

The flesh is transparent yellow, not very juicy, but dense and fragrant. Fruits are universal, suitable for fresh consumption and for conservation, suitable for transportation. Large sizes complicate tree care and harvesting a bit. Choose a plum to your liking, and please your loved ones with tasty fruits.

Watch the video: The Cold Hardy, Self-Fertile Santa Rosa Plum Tree FTW (December 2019).

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