On seed packets, tomatoes indicate to which type the variety indicated on the package belongs - determinant or other. Depending on this, there is further cultivation of the tomato bush.
Inexperienced gardeners, reading the description of the variety, are wondering what the word means in the description means.
What does determinant tomato mean?
Determinantry means that the height of a tomato bush will be limited to a certain height.
What is it expressed in? Growth restriction occurs by the appearance of a floral brush, on which flowers first appear, and then fruits will begin to tie.
Further growth will occur from the strong stepson, which will appear from the leaf bosom located immediately under the brush on the top of the bush.
Determinant variety of tomatoes
Determinant tomatoes are also divided into:
- Semi-determinant - includes varieties and hybrids with an intermediate type of branching,
- Super Determinant - this includes a group of early ripening varieties,
- Supersuperterminantnye - this includes super early ripening varieties with dwarf growth.
it tall tomatoes, which should be mechanically limited in growth. Since such a tomato vine grows up to 4 m. Height. But since the warm season is short and the tomatoes above 2 m. The marks do not have time to ripen, then the top is removed at this height.
This type of tomato bush is suitable for the southern regions of Russia.
Indeterminate tomatoes grow in height
These are such industrial varieties of tomatoes, which are grown on large areas for further sale or processing of tomatoes. They do not require a garter, have a thick stalk and the first fruits receive on day 75 after the first shoots of seedlings.
Tomatoes of this type are starting to ripen. already at the end of June.
Standard grades are used for industrial cultivation, they are unpretentious
Tomatoes bush, which at the meter height does not stop and continues to grow. But growth can stop at any time. Grow it two stalksand suitable for greenhouse conditions.
Differences and differences between bushes become noticeable at the stage of growing seedlings.
In the indeterminate ones, on the 4th day after peking, the cotyledon knee is clearly visible.
Later, when growing a bush, the first ovary of the indeterminate appears above 9 leaves, and the determinant after the 5th leaf plate has the first ovary of a tomato.
Seedlings of determinant varieties in the presence of 5 leaf plates begins to form a floral brush.
Determinate Variety Growth Scheme
The formation of a tomato bush also varies significantly - indeterminate forms in one stem, and determinant varieties in 2-3 stalks.
Indeterminant types are grown in greenhouses, where they produce crops along the entire height of the stem.
It is difficult to say which varieties are better and which ones are worse. Everyone chooses not only for their taste, but also for the region of growth. It is also important where the tomato will grow in the open field or greenhouse. Therefore, any type can be useful when growing tomatoes.
On one site can grow different types of tomato.
pros - early ripening of fruits, high early harvests, friendly return of the crop not stretched in time.
Minuses - The overall yield is lower, because the bush is limited in its growth, you need a lot of mineral dressings to get a big crop, you should stutter strictly once every 10 days, reduced immunity to diseases that affect tomatoes.
The overall yield of determinant varieties is lower than the indeterminate
pros - on a small area a large number of tomatoes are harvested, less exposed to tomato diseases, fruiting is parted for a long period, tomatoes can be removed as early as September, it is convenient to harvest, as they are standing up.
Minuses - we need high supports for the tomato bush, cultivation goes well in the southern regions with a long summer period, carefully remove all stepchildren, forming a bush in only one trunk.
pros - have a low and strong stem that does not require tying up, the root system is located on the surface and well absorbs the food supplied to it as a form of irrigation and mineral fertilizers.
Can be planted quite thickly resistant to temperature and drought, the vegetative mass grows well and does not require additional conditions, the absence of stepsons also simplifies the care of the bushes, the fruits have a long shelf life and tolerate transportation.
Standard varieties are undersized and do not need a garter.
Minuses - there is practically no frequent watering due to the superficial root system.
Choosing which type of bush will be planted on the site, it is important to become well acquainted with both the positive and negative qualities of each type.
If there is a greenhouse on the summer cottage with a height of up to 2 m, then it can be planted in indeterminate varieties, and if there is no greenhouse, then it is better to turn your attention to the determinant and standard tomatoes when choosing a variety.
How to distinguish between plants what kind of
Here are examples, disassembled by the type of bush and belonging to the variety. Actually in appearance it is difficult to distinguish which type the bush belongs to.
Since it could deepen before planting or pinch escape.
But if the gardener himself acquires seeds, then the package will indicate the type tomato plant.
The type of variety is indicated by the manufacturer on the seed package.
If the seeds were obtained from a neighbor in the dacha, then it is necessary to clarify the name and then look on the Internet or in print media to which type this variety belongs.
All types of tomato bushes are important for cultivation. Some are grown in large areas for commercial purposes; others are grown in a small area for personal use. But all varieties are tasty and necessary for man.
Determinant variety tomato - what is it, indeterminant, video
Considering a bag with tomato seeds, in the description you can see the type of plant growth, which can be determinant or indeterminant. For novice gardeners, these terms are not always clear and they are not taken into account when choosing a new variety.
Sown previously unknown tomato on the garden without taking into account the type of growth can give either a strong thickening of the plants, or an almost empty area, which negatively affects the overall yield.
Therefore, the question arises: indeterminant and determinant tomato, what is it? Consider in detail these two concepts.
The meaning of the term determinant variety
The term “determinant” itself comes from the word “determination”, which in Latin means restriction, therefore “determinant” means “limited” and “indeterminant” means “unlimited”.
With regard to the type of growth of tomatoes: determinant - having a limited growth, indeterminate - unlimited growth.
What are the determinant tomatoes limited by? The growth limit of the top center is a flower brush. This happens as follows: at the end of the shoot an ovary is formed with the fruits, and then it stops growing.
Further growth of tomato occurs from the strongest stepchild in the lower axil of the leaf.
Indeterminate tomatoes have no such limitation. The growth of their central apex occurs without limitation by a floral brush.
What is the difference between determinant and indeterminate tomatoes?
Indeterminantnye easy to distinguish from determinant tomatoes before the appearance of flowers and fruits.
When seedlings emerge in 3-4 days, the cotyledon knee expands and the type of the future bush can be indirectly determined by its length.
In indeterminate varieties, it is longer (3-5 cm) than determinantal (1-3 cm). However, with a lack of light, the seedling can stretch a lot and then it will be difficult to determine which bush will be.
In the photo, a seedling of an inderminant tomato, the semi-nuclear knee is rather long.
When the seedling reaches the age of appearance of the first flower brush, you can easily determine the type of future bush.
Indeterminate tomatoes form the first brush after 8–9 true leaves and above, determinant tomatoes –– after 6–7 true leaves and below.
An example of an indeterminate variety is seen in the photo, already 9 true leaves, but not a single flower brush.
When the plant has been planted long ago, it has grown well and has several knotted brushes with fruits, it is difficult to determine the number of leaves before the first ovary, since the seedlings could be buried and part of the stem remained underground.
Indeterminate varieties lay flower through 3 leaves. In determinant tomatoes between tassels there are always less than 3 true leaves.
On a plant of determinant varieties, it is always possible to find an escape, the growth of which ends with the ovary; the indeterminant will not have such a case.
The only erroneous adoption of an indeterminate tomato as a determinant can be the case when during the formation of a plant the pinching of the shoot immediately follows the flower brush and it seems that the shoot on it has finished growing.
Therefore, it is necessary to be careful and count the leaves between the ovaries as a test.
In the photo you can see how indeterminate varieties grow.
Indeterminate tomatoes are thought to have tall shrubs, and determinant tomatoes form low-growing plants. This statement is partially correct, but there are exceptions.
There are tomatoes for greenhouses, which form tall plants, but are determinant varieties of tomatoes, forming a brush, less than 3 leaves.
This is the most modern greenhouse hybrids.
There are also stem indeterminantnye tomatoes that have a low-growing shrub, for example, the well-known late-ripening variety Volgograd 5/95.
The scheme of various types of bush is shown in the diagram.
The stem type of the bush is in no way connected with branching, the formation of brushes and has corrugated leaves and a thickened central stem, which keeps the plant in an erect state even with a large number of fruits and does not require a garter. An example of a stem determinant variety of tomatoes, the photo of which is located below, shows how compact this shrub is.
Varieties of determinant tomatoes
The group of determinant varieties of tomatoes is 4 species of plants, which differ in the degree of growth limitation and have their own characteristics.
- Semi-determinant. These tomatoes can often be confused with indeterminantnymi and is an intermediate type of branching plants. They limit their growth after the formation of 10-12 flower brushes, but they are bookmarked every 2 true leaves, but there are also gaps with 3 leaves. Therefore, it is believed that semi-determinant varieties lay the ovary after 2-2.5 leaves. The first flower brush is laid in 7-8 leaves.
- Determinant. In these tomatoes, the formation of brushes occurs strictly less than 3 leaves, and after they have grown 5-6 pieces - the shoot finishes its growth with a floral brush. Bookmark the first peduncle occurs after 6-7 true leaf. In the photo of the determinant varieties of tomatoes, it can be seen that there is no longer a top on the bush after the ovary, and growth continued from the axillary bud at the lower leaf.
- Super determinant. These varieties are precocious. Floral brushes are laid in 1-2 leaves, and after their formation in the amount of 4-5 pieces, a sprout appears, limiting the growth of the plant by the peduncle.
- Supersuper determinant. These include super-dwarf and super-early varieties. They can form 2-3 flower brushes in a row without any gaps from the leaves. Escape restricts its growth after the formation of 3-4 flower stalks. The first brush appears after 5 true sheets and after 1 sheet the next one can form.
Pros and cons of determinant varieties of tomatoes
The positive features include the following:
- early ripeness, as the flower brush is laid through a smaller number of leaves than in the indeterminate ones, the ripening of the first fruit occurs earlier.
- high early yields, because of the laying of the ovary through a smaller number of leaves than indeterminant varieties, then a larger number and efficiency of yield of the crop is higher per meter of stem.
- a more consistent return of the crop than that of the indeterminant varieties, since several brushes are tied almost simultaneously at the same time.
The disadvantages of these tomatoes are as follows:
- less overall yield, since growth is limited to the brushes, the bush can be completely closed and the plant stops growing in height and form new ovaries.
- requires increased mineral nutrition, due to the frequent formation of brushes, more fertilizer is needed to form the crop.
- require less work on the formation of the plant, due to the restriction of growth of the peduncle, it is necessary to remove more stepsons and not to overload the plant with ovaries.
- susceptibility to disease, in a plant that is more loaded with ovaries, and this is the usual condition of determinant varieties, decreases resistance to infections, therefore, an increased use of chemical remedies is required.
Hopefully, the article revealed the features of different types of bush, as well as the pros and cons of determinant tomato varieties.
Diagram of the formation of determinant tomatoes
Formulation of indeterminate tomatoes
"Orange Date" F1
- Russian garden. Series "Vkusnyatina"
- Use - until 2014.
- Number of seeds - 15 pcs.
- Height: indeterminate.
Tomato F1 "Date orange" - The amber pulp of this tomato has a special flavor bouquet with hints of raisins, ripe plums and a delicate honey aftertaste.
Fruits are oval, beautiful, leveled, juicy, weighing 20 g each. In the brush - up to 15-20 fruits! Indeterminate, middle late.
Agrotechnology: sowing on seedlings, seeding depth of 1-2 cm. The optimal germination temperature is 22-25 ° C. Seedlings dive in the phase of the first true leaf after abundant watering. In May, seedlings are planted in captive greenhouses, shelters and greenhouses, in early June - in open ground.
Care: watering as necessary (it is especially important to water the tomato before flowering, with the appearance of the ovaries and at the beginning of the ripening of the fruit), weeding, loosening, feeding.
Manufacturer: LLC "Seeds NK" MO, Schelkovo, st. Factory, 15
Opinion: sweet fruits are very good in preparations, in combination with cucumbers in jars are very beautiful and give a special taste.
Results of 2014: due to the cold spring, they started to tinker late, but caught up with their last year result.
- Gavrish, seeds from the author.
- Use - until 12.2013g.
- Number of seeds - 12 pcs.
- Height: 200 cm.
Tomato F1 "Kineshma" - wrist mid-season (115-120 days from germination to fruiting) indeterminantny (with unlimited growth) tall hybrid for film and glazed greenhouses, film tunnels.
The plant is powerful, vigorous. The first inflorescence is laid over the 11-12th leaf, then they follow through 3 leaves. The fruits are beautifully egg-shaped, bright red, aligned within the brush and within the plant, are removed with brushes. Mass 100-120 g.
Tastes are very high. Used fresh and for canning. Resistant to pathogens of tobacco mosaic virus, cladosporiosis, fusarium.
Growing conditions: sowing on seedlings in late February and early March. Pick in the phase of the first true leaf.
Planting seedlings in greenhouses in late April at the age of 50-55 days. Mandatory plant garter.
Form in one stalk, removing all stepchildren, as well as pinching the growing point at the end of the growing season, leaving 7-8 brushes.
Landing scheme: 40x60.
Productivity: 6.0-6.5 kg / rast.
Manufacturer: Gavrish Group of Companies, Moscow, ul. 2nd Farm, 11/1.
Opinion: neither a tomato nor one and a half is too big in a jar;
Results of 2015: tied up a few beautiful brushes, began to ripen not the first.
- Gavrish, seeds from the author.
- Use - until 12.2013g.
- Number of seeds - 12 pcs.
- Height: more than 200 cm.
Tomato F1 "Botanist" - medium-early (108-110 days from germination to fruiting) indeterminantny (with unlimited growth) hybrid, recommended for film and winter greenhouses. Fruits are round, smooth, weighing 100-120 g, great for canning.
The hybrid is resistant to the causative agents of tobacco mosaic virus, cladosporiosis, fusarium, as well as genetically resistant to cracking and top rot of the fruit.
Growing conditions: sowing on seedlings in mid to late March. Pick a seedling in the phase of the first true leaf.
Planting seedlings in greenhouses in early to mid-May at the age of 45 days. Mandatory garter plants a few days after disembarkation.
Form a plant in one stalk, removing all stepchildren.
Landing scheme: 40x60 cm
Productivity: 4,0-4,5 kg / rast.
Manufacturer: LLC "Seeds" Gavrish ", Moscow, st. 2nd Farm, 11/1.
Opinion: strange tomato - it fastens early, tomatoes beautifully turn white, then they turn brown and rough, losing their attractiveness. In the salad go only with the skinned, as inside a smooth dark red color.
Results of 2015: despite the omission of the first 2 brushes, he tied a lot of fruits on the other brushes. Due to the unattractiveness, almost the entire crop was immediately given away (with 4 bushes, 1.5-2 buckets). We will not plant.
"Russian Hotel" F1
- AELITA, a series of "successful harvest."
- Use - before 12.2011g.
- The number of seeds - 0.1 g
- Height: indeterminate.
Tomato "Russian hotel" F1 - a new mid-season tomato with amicable fruiting for an open ground and film shelters. Ripening occurs at 110-115 days after germination.
Requires garters and plant formation. Salad Mid-season. Indeterminate plant. Perfectly adapts to adverse growing conditions and in extreme conditions stably sets fruit.
Fruits of very beautiful shape, large, fleshy, 95-110 g, resistant to cracking, tolerate transportation well and are stored for 4 weeks without loss of commercial quality.
The flesh is of excellent taste, delicate, juicy, with a high content of sugars and vitamins. Perfect for canning and fresh consumption. Resistant to diseases.
Agrotechnology: non-heavy, highly fertile soils are suitable for tomato. Good predecessors - cucumbers, cabbage, beans, onions, carrots. Seedlings are sown in March to a depth of 2-3 cm.
Before sowing, seeds are treated in potassium permanganate and washed in clean water. Picks - in the phase of 1-2 true leaves. Seedlings are fed 2-3 times with full fertilizer. 7-10 days before planting, the seedlings begin to harden.
In heated greenhouses, seedlings are planted in April, in unheated film greenhouses - in May at the age of 60-65 days. Form 1-2 stems. The 2nd stem is formed from a stepson located under the first brush.
The remaining stepchildren are removed, not allowing them to grow. Tomatoes must be tied to horizontal or vertical trellis. In the future, the plants are watered regularly. For watering use warm water.
During the growing season, apply 2-3 plant feeding.
Planting density: 3-4 plants per 1 square. m
Manufacturer: Agrofirm AELITA LLC, Moscow, st. Snow, 14.
Opinion: fruitful unpretentious hybrid.
Results of 2015: proved to be quite good, the fruits leveled, they ripened together.
"Vnuchkina love" F1
- Use - until 12.2013g.
- The number of seeds - 0.05 g
- Height: 1.6-1.8 m.
Tomato "Vnuchkina love" F1 - early ripe (90-95 days) hybrid for an open ground and film shelters. Indeterminate plant, 1.6-1.8 m tall, requires garters and formation.
Fruits are round, smooth, bright red, weighing 20-30 g, dense, sweet, are collected in beautiful long brushes.
Hybrid value: resistance to verticillary wilt, top and root rot, early and abundant fruiting. Sweet fresh fruit is a great treat for children and adults. It is recommended for the fresh use and for all types of conservation.
The soil temperature optimum for seed germination is 20-25 ° C.
Manufacturer: Agrofirm "SeDeK", g. Domodedovo, mkr-n Vostrikovo, st. Parkovaya, 19
Results of 2015: we got a re-selection, because instead of red round tomatoes on the bushes, red and yellow elongated weighing about 100 grams grew. Despite the strange appearance of tomatoes, the harvest was good, the red ones even managed to keep up on the bush. Sit definitely will still.
"Sancho Panza" F1
- Use - the seal is not affixed!
- Number of seeds - the seal is not stamped!
- Height: 1.5-1.8 m.
Tomato "Sancho Panza" F1 - mid-season (110-116 days) hybrid for greenhouses and greenhouses. The plant is indeterminate, 1.5-1.8 m tall. Requires a pinching and a garter.
Fruits are round, bright yellow, weighing 150-200 g or more, dense, fleshy, with juicy pulp and high content of carotene and sugars.
Hybrid value: possesses complex resistance to diseases, long and abundant fruiting, excellent taste. suitable for diet and baby food. It is recommended for the fresh use and preparation of juice.
The soil temperature optimum for seed germination is 20-25 ° C.
Manufacturer: Agrofirm "SeDeK", g. Domodedovo, mkr-n Vostrikovo, st. Parkovaya, 19
Opinion: very very beautiful smooth tomatoes.
Results of 2015: it was pleasant to look at the bush plastered with tomatoes, and when they (really mostly at home) started to ripen, it was a pity to cut them into a salad, such beautiful yellow balls.
Determinant and indeterminate varieties of tomatoes, comparison, cultivation
The variety of varieties and hybrids of tomatoes is divided into two main groups - determinant, or short, and indeterminant, or tall. Determinants have a stunted point of growth, usually after setting 4-5 brushes of flowers.
They are more suitable for cultivation in open ground and in northern latitudes. They also include standard and superdeterminant varieties, which are characterized by early ripening of fruits (at 85-100 days after planting seeds) and the absence of pasynkovaniya.
These varieties are customary for gardeners, they are more often chosen for cultivation at sites.
The growth of indeterminate tomatoes is limited only by weather conditions, the plants can reach several meters in height.
They are grown in southern latitudes and in greenhouse conditions in the middle zone.
These varieties are relatively young for our latitudes, rarely grown for lack of knowledge of the characteristics of agricultural engineering.
Benefits of Indeterminant Tomatoes
- use of vertical space, which increases productivity.
- uniform lighting of the plant.
- more adequate aeration, which increases resistance to fungal diseases.
- ease of plant formation - all stepchildren are removed, only the main trunk is left.
- prolonged fruiting, limited only by weather conditions.
Sowing seeds and caring for seedlings
For the cultivation of indeterminate varieties, an earlier planting is recommended than for determinant varieties, since flowering and fruiting begin later.
Seeds are laid out on the surface of the moistened soil, sprinkled with sand (vermiculite, peat chips) and covered with a transparent film to preserve moisture.
In the period of germination It is important to minimize fluctuations in day and night temperatures.It is usually recommended to keep it at 23 C.
After the appearance of the first shoots (this is about 5–7 days), the film is removed, continue to monitor the soil moisture, preventing it from drying out.
A week later, when the seedlings appear the first true leaf, they pick a pickle in separate cups.
When growing seedlings at home, it is recommended to “harden” - to move the plants to the open air during the daytime, but more often these recommendations are used for determinant tomatoes.
On the 20th day after germination, the first additional fertilizing with complex fertilizer is carried out. About two weeks before the planned landing in the ground temperature content gradually lower to 17-19 C. You can plant seedlings for 50-60 days.
When preparing the soil in the greenhouse, it is not necessary to apply a large amount of fertilizers, especially those containing nitrogen, as this will stimulate the growth of green mass to the detriment of the flowering and fruiting of tomatoes.
When fruits appear, nitrogen becomes necessary, and when ripe, the proportion of added potassium increases to increase the sugar content. Feeding is carried out on average once every two weeks.
Watering for tomatoes is recommended drip.
Transplantation of seedlings in the ground is carried out in the warm season to avoid overcooling plants. The minimum air temperature should not be below 10 C.
The landing density is approximately every 50 cm in a row, the distance between rows is 70-80 cm. It is advisable to land in a checkerboard pattern. Each plant with a lump of earth is placed in a prepared well, sprinkled with earth, watered.
Soil around the stem compacted. Garter seedlings begin under 2-3 leaves.
For the formation of a bush in one stem, regular removal of stepsons is necessary (this kind of work is also necessary for a part of determinant tomatoes).
They are broken off, leaving 1–1.5 cm of “hemp” to prevent the awakening of sleeping buds and the formation of new sprouts in the same place. The first inflorescence forms after 7–12 true leaves, then every three leaves.
After about 100 days from sowing, the first fruits ripen. The garter of fruit brushes may be required (this is necessary for large-fruited varieties).
The most popular indeterminate varieties of tomatoes
A large number of varieties, differing in terms of aging, size, color, shape, taste of fruits, agricultural equipment, resistance to diseases.
Each gardener chooses the most suitable tomatoes for a particular garden, taking into account his personal taste and preferences for consumption (salad, canning, selling).
- Golden brush - early ripening (95–98 days), a cultivar of tomatoes with small (20–30 g) pear-shaped yellow fruits.
- Mandarin - early ripe (90–100 days) carpal variety with bright orange fruits up to 100 g in weight.
- Poznan - early ripe (95–100 days) carpal variety with orange round fruits up to 120 g
- Sweet bunch - early ripe (90-100 days) wrist variety with rounded red fruits up to 20 g in weight in hands up to 50 pieces. Formation in 2 stalks is recommended.
- Meal - early ripe (85–95 days) variety with oval red fruits up to 20 g. Drought-resistant.
- Watermelon - middle-ripening (105–110 days) variety with rounded red fruits up to 100 g.
- F1 Commissioner - middle-ripening (115-120 days) hybrid with red rounded fruits up to 100 g. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, Fusarium.
- Verlioka - middle-ripening (100–120 days) hybrid with red roundish slightly ribbed fruits weighing up to 90 g. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus.
- Abakansky pink early - mid-season large-fruited tomato with fruits up to 300 g in weight. Can be formed into 2 stalks.
- St. Andrew's surprise - middle-ripening (112–120 days) large-fruited tomato with red rounded fruits up to 900 g in weight.
- Raspberry giant - mid-season variety with raspberry-pink round fruits up to 500 g in weight.
- Scarlet Mustang - middle-ripening (110–115 days) variety with red cigar-shaped fruits up to 25 cm in length and weighing up to 250 g
- Mazarin - middle-ripening (110–115 days) variety with heart-shaped large bright raspberry fruits up to 600 g in weight. Shrub form in 1-2 stems, leave no more than 4 brushes.
- Grandma's secret - early ripe grade with crimson round fruits up to 1000 g in weight.
- Grandma's gift F1 - medium late (120-125 days) hybrid with red rounded fruits up to 220 g. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, fusarium, cladosporia.
After selecting the appropriate varieties, the question arises about the purchase of seed. It is doubtful that the seeds of good quality will be sold on the market at non-regular sellers. It is more rational to look for them in specialized stores and seed farms.
Be sure to clarify the information on the bag about the grade, expiration date.
Experienced gardeners recommend plant several varieties of tomatoes, determinant and indeterminate, so that you can use the benefits of each option, and with a low quality of seeds - do not remain completely without a crop. This will also allow each season to try new varieties, to please yourself already familiar and loved.
Description of "Palenki"
Tomatoes "Palenka" medium term ripening. Grown on protected ground or in greenhouses.
The bush is represented by one stem, which requires binding, as the variety is indeterminate. The height of the bush can reach 180 cm, and on average - about 160 cm. The stalk is powerful, without branches. Required pasynkovaniya. The leaves are round, pointed, medium size. Their color is bright green. Fruiting on the bush carpus. The first brush is in the area of the ninth leaf.
On fruit brushes about 6 tomatoes are formed. Fruit shape - smooth oval "cream". At full maturity, the color is bright red. It has excellent taste, slightly sour. The average weight of the fruit is about 100 g. The presentation is excellent, transported without problems. It has a good keeping quality.
The fruits are universal in use. Good fresh, suitable for harvesting for the winter. Can be preserved and salted as a whole. They also make excellent preparations: juice, sauces, ketchup, salads, etc.
In the description of the tomato "Palenka" the following are indicated characteristics and qualitiesgradebut:
- Variety "Palenka" is a hybrid of the first generation, therefore, is labeled as F1.
- This is an indeterminate tomato for growing on protected grounds or in greenhouses.
- It has medium early ripening. Only 105-115 days pass from sprouts of seedlings to the first mature fruits.
- Fruiting carpus. Brush - about 6 fruits, 80-100 g each.
- The first fruit clusters are located above the 9th leaf, then - every 2-3 leaves.
- Productivity of tomato "Palenka" is high. From 1 square. m can collect up to 20 kg of tomatoes.
- Requires binding and pinching.
- It is universal in application: use raw, preparations for the winter, good for sale.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like any culture, the Palenka variety has a number of advantages and disadvantages.
- grown in any climate zone,
- fruits are even, uniform,
- high yield
- excellent taste,
- universal in use
- suitable for canning in general form
- excellent presentation,
- good keeping quality
- resistant to transport.
Among the shortcomings noted the following:
- requires tying,
- requires staving,
- not grown in open field
- unstable to phytophthora and other diseases of tomatoes.
Terms and scheme of sowing seeds
Seed is planted in March, approximately 10th. Before planting you need some preparation of the soil and the seeds themselves.
The soil for seedlings need mixed, consisting of turf land, humus and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. It must be decontaminated by spilling with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or by heating in the oven for 15–20 minutes.
For seeds, it is also possible to carry out decontamination with a solution of manganese and place them in wet gauze for a day.
Planting seeds should be in a warm moist soil, immersing them in the soil by 1 cm. Planting pattern: in a row - in 3–4 cm, between rows - about 8–10 cm.
When you put grains on the ground, do not slap it. Next, cover with film or glass, place in a warm, well-lit place and do not disturb before germination. After the sprout appears, remove the film and provide the plants with proper care. Seedlings are very light and heat-loving. If natural lighting is not enough, then you need to take care of artificial. If you keep the seedlings in a shaded or dark place, the sprouts will turn into "strings" and lose their stability and strength.
Watering requires moderate but regular. Before the appearance of two leaves, it is better to moisten the soil with a spray gun, in order to avoid the appearance of a crust. When the germs grow and have two leaves, you can water at the root, and when a crust appears, loosen the soil.
Seedlings definitely need to stop with the advent of the third sheet. After cupping, feed with complex fertilizer.
Caring for tomatoes planted in the greenhouse is simple for an experienced gardener. It is provided by watering, fertilizing, tying, staving, prevention from diseases and pests.
Watering should be moderate, with a slight drying of the topsoil.
As soon as the stem begins to bend the top, you need to start tying. In the greenhouse it is better to do this with the help of tapestries.
When fruit brushes appear and fruits begin to fill, they also need to be tied up in order to avoid breaking off the stem and the brushes themselves.
Passy need to need. Break off stepchildren immediately, without waiting for when they grow up.
After planting, it is necessary to feed plants with phosphate fertilizer, and with the appearance of flowers and the first fruits - potash fertilizer. You can use complex fertilizers.
Diseases and pests
Among plant diseases for the variety “Palenka”, late blight, mosaic, and brown spot are common. It is important to produce timely prevention, and for the disease - the treatment of the plant.
Spider mites, scoops, wireworms, etc. can harm tomatoes.
Prevention and treatment of tomatoes produced by means purchased in a specialty store.
Grow tomatoes "Palenka" in the greenhouse is easy. This variety will delight you with high yield, delicious fresh tomatoes and blanks for the winter.
First of all, the seeds are disinfected, put them in a solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes, then they are washed, poured into a paper bag and stored for three days in the refrigerator. Next, prepare the ground and fill it with boxes for seedlings.
In mid-March, the seeds are sown at a short distance from each other, sprinkled with earth, covered with glass or film and left at a temperature of 22-23 degrees, until the first shoots appear. When the first leaves appear, the boxes with the seedlings are placed in a cooler place for hardening. Pick up the plants begin when there are two true leaves.
During the growth of seedlings it is necessary to keep the soil moderately wet. Water the plants once or twice a week. Days after 10 after the pickling of the seedlings, it is necessary to feed ammonium nitrate or organic fertilizers using an aqueous solution of horse manure. Subsequent feeding is carried out in every third week.
Hardening seedlings begin 14 days before planting, gradually reducing the temperature to the values at which it will grow in a permanent place. When planting in the greenhouse, the height of the seedlings should be about 20 cm, have at least 6 true leaves and a stem not less than 5 mm thick.
Planting seedlings in the greenhouse
In the greenhouse, the Palenka tomatoes are planted from the end of April - beginning of May, when the soil warms up sufficiently. Prior to this, it is necessary to prepare beds ninety centimeters wide and make holes, the width and depth of which is 30 cm. Add 2 liters of the mixture of humus with peat and a glass of wood ash to each well. To disinfect the soil, a liter jar of potassium permanganate solution is poured into it.
Before planting, warm water is poured into each well before the formation of liquid mud. The seedlings are planted in it, deepening it by three centimeters. The soil around the plant is compacted and mulched with dry earth. Do not recommend watering seedlings immediately after planting in the greenhouse, to avoid the appearance of a crust on the surface of the soil.
The variety of tomato "Palenka" - mid-season. This hybrid is distinguished not only by increased, but truly record yields, special endurance to drastic changes in environmental conditions, as well as amazing taste and unique aroma.
These tomatoes grow even the most demanding growers. Only when buying seeds, one should pay attention to their originality and quality.
Designed variety for closed beds. You should not try to grow it in the open field. No matter how stable the environmental conditions are, such a crop as in a greenhouse cannot be obtained.
The fruits of “Palenki” are of equal size in the form of cream. The weight of one is about 100 grams. The skin is smooth with a glossy shine. Taste is saturated, aroma pronounced.
Tomatoes look great, are well stored and carry transportation over long distances.
In cooking, the use of universal. For blanks, they are most often used entirely, although sliced into slices also keep the shape well.
Tomatoes of a grade of "Palenka" are in the form similar to cream. In the matured state they receive a saturated red color, have the same size. On one bush can grow 110 - 135-gram fruits.
Recommended for use in the preparation of marinades, pickles. They are used in salads, but they give them a slight sourness. Often grown for subsequent sale, because they are characterized by good safety during transportation and have an excellent presentation.
Features of growing
Experienced gardeners recommend planting seeds for seedlings in March (in its second decade). Pre-treat them with a solution of potassium permanganate.
An excellent tool for growing will be adding eggshell to the hole before planting.
After planting, abundant watering is recommended using water at room temperature. As soon as the third leaf appears on the bush, you can pick it up. For maximum results, this procedure is combined with fertilizer of plants containing copper substances.
Resistant to fusarium wilt and root decay, cladosporia, tomato mosaic virus, and verticillium wilt.
Late blight is one of the most common diseases of tomatoes. "Palenka" is also subject to it. It begins with yellowed leaves, which are covered with brown spots, and only after that the disease spreads to the embryos of the fruit. It is necessary to take measures quickly, because the disease spreads instantly. For two days, due to one affected plant, all the bushes that are in the greenhouse can disappear.
To get ahead of the disease, you need to treat the soil with a special tool. For this fit "Mikosan". And such drugs as "Acrobat" and "Antrakol" are used for already diseased plants.
“Palenka” is a very popular variety that is successfully used by both private traders and large farms. The latter give them preference due to the even weight and size of the fruit, as well as a good presentation and excellent transportability. It is recommended for the use as fresh, and for conservation.
The variety “Palenka” is indeterminate. Shrubs grow to two meters and this is not the limit. Therefore, gardeners who have decided to grow it on their own plot need to know in advance how to properly shape it, stepchild and tie it up.
Fruiting brushes. The first is formed at the level of the 9th true leaf, then evenly after every 3 leaves. In one brush 5-7 fruits are formed.
With proper care from a square meter you can collect an average of up to 20 kg of crop. It is noteworthy that the variety bears fruit not together, but gradually and throughout the whole season.
Top dressing of tomatoes
There is no strict instructions for feeding tomatoes in the greenhouse. Each gardener does this on their own, using personal experience and taking into account weather conditions. Before the fruit ovary, Palenko's tomatoes, the photos of which you see below, are fed with potassium monophosphate. In the period of fruit growth, tomatoes need mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in equal quantities. And during the maturation of phosphorus is required in 3, and potassium is 9 times more than nitrogen. Potassium helps to increase the resistance of tomatoes to disease and gives the fruit sugar content. Feed the plants at least once every two weeks.
Tomato Palenka: reviews
Many gardeners note the following advantages of the Palenk variety:
- do not require special care
- easy to pinch,
- there are very few leaves on the stem,
- sweet fruits
- the skin does not crack,
- can be canned.
- grown only in the greenhouse,
- The bush is very tall, so it must be tied up.
The Palenka variety is considered the best variety of tomatoes for closed ground. It is characterized by high durability and tolerates transportation.
According to many vegetable growers, Palenko's tomatoes, reviews (photo provided above) about which indicate unmatched taste and excellent appearance, are grown both in summer cottages by experienced and novice gardeners and large farms.
Characteristic and description
When purchasing vegetable seeds, gardeners should keep in mind the following:
- Tomato is the primary hybrid, hence F1 marking on the package.
- Palenka is an indeterminate, i.e., a plant that stretches indefinitely. Its height can reach 2 m.
- The hybrid is medium. The vegetation period of the plant is 110 days.
- The bush is formed into 1 large stem, without branches, and tied up on the trellis. Fruits are formed by tassels. The first of them is formed after 9 sheets. Each has 5-6 fruits. Next, the brushes appear every 2-3 leaves.
- Fruits resemble neat cream with a glossy peel. Have a bright red color, rich taste and aroma. One tomato weighs 100-110 grams. Tomatoes do not crack, resistant to transportation, can be stored for a long time. They can be used fresh and added to the workpiece. Mistresses canned fruits whole, they are preparing salads and juices.
- The variety is cultivated in greenhouses. It can take root in the open space, but will not be distinguished by all the advantages declared by the manufacturers.
- Culture is not afraid of common diseases, including Fusarium and Verticilliasis, Cladosporia, TMV.
- The most important quality of the variety for gardeners is high fertility. With the observance of agricultural technology with one square can collect 20 kg. fruits.
To improve the yield of tomato, it is cultivated by seedling method. Indeterminate seedlings are cultivated in much the same way as low tomatoes.
Seeds of "Palenki" sown in mid-March, so that there is no overgrowth of seedlings. In the case of buying planting material from a reliable manufacturer, you can be sure that it has undergone the necessary processing.
Then the gardener should pay attention primarily to the soil.
Seedlings of this variety are placed in a substrate that includes peat, humus and sod land in the same proportions. For each bucket of soil mixture should be 1 spoon of fertilizer: potassium sulfate, superphosphate, urea.
Soil ingredients are prepared in advance or purchased in finished form. Then the amount of nutrients there is normal.
Special attention should be paid to containers for young tall tomatoes. They can be planted in a box or do a pick in small cups. It is advisable to purchase a cassette with a retractable bottom.
Then seedlings can be safely transplanted into a more spacious container. The variety should not grow in cramped area, as this reduces the yield.
It is better if several Indeta bushes grow in a large container than a lot in a compressed space.
The prepared dishes are filled with earth and begin sowing. Seeds deepen to a maximum of 1.5 cm, covered with soil and covered with foil.
Gardeners are often interested in what temperature should be maintained for the normal development of plants. For Palenka, the figures are as follows:
- seeds germinate at 23-25 degrees of heat, so gardeners use a film that is removed when sprouts appear,
- the first 14 days the seedlings grow at a standard temperature, and then it is reduced to +20, airing the shelter,
- disembarkation takes place at 18-19 degrees of heat
At low temperatures, the first brush of the Indians is formed very low.
Young shoots need:
- swoop down
- air out
- protect against diseases
For careful watering using warm water. Moisturizing is required for the vegetable only when the top layer of the soil dries out.
Picks are made with two leaves. To do this, prepare a convenient container and do the transshipment of tomatoes along with an earthy clod. The stem should be deepened to the cotyledons.
Plants are fed according to schedule. This procedure is necessary for the ripening of a larger number of fruits. The first time the soil is fertilized 7 days after picking. The variety can be watered with a solution of humus or mineral compounds: urea, superphosphate, potassium sulfate.
Substances for feeding dissolve in 5 liters. water. Purchased fertilizer diluted, according to the annotations.
14 days before planting, the seedlings need to be hardened so that they adapt to the greenhouse conditions. You can move the plants to a permanent place if there are 9 leaves.
How to care for a grade
To plant a tomato in a greenhouse is necessary, observing the timing and planting scheme. Indoors on 1 square should grow about 3 copies.
Garter on a trellis is made in a week when the culture adapts to a new place. Next, the stem continues to braid around the twine every 3-4 days. Then the plants will not crawl down because of the large mass of fruits.
Do not allow sudden changes in temperature in the shelter, otherwise the tomato can shed the ovary. The soil should be heated to 18 degrees.
Culture needs light. If you correctly form the bushes, you can avoid their thickening.
Humidity in the greenhouse should also be maintained within certain limits. If its excess can not be prevented, the plant can get a fungal infection. Therefore, the culture is watered up to 2 times a week, after which the earth is loosened and the greenhouse is aired.
The lower and old leaves before the first brush are removed to provide the bush with better ventilation.
Cut off the foliage only in the direction to the side, so as not to deform the stem.
Feeding is done every 2 or 3 weeks.
Gardeners, who first grow Palenk tomato, should know the following:
- it is impossible to skip watering so that the fruits are actively formed, do not crack and do not become small,
- Be sure to graze and form bushes throughout the growing season so that no jungle will form in the greenhouse, leading to diseases, low yields and weakening of plants
Pros and cons varieties
Each vegetable has positive and negative features. The conclusion about them can be made based on the views of gardeners. Tomato "Palenka" is valued for:
- good keeping quality and ability to transport,
- even neat fruits
- pleasant taste,
- stable yield,
- high marketability
- widespread use
- weather resistance
But some summer residents didn’t like this variety because of such features:
- you can not do without the formation, garters and pasynkovaniya,
- a variety can normally bear fruit only in a greenhouse,
- possible infection with blight
All the difficulties in growing varieties are compensated by a high-quality harvest. The fertility of indites is much higher than that of low tomatoes. In addition, you can collect the fruit the whole season, and not 1-2 times. Bushes of tomato "Palenka" literally strewed with tomatoes.
It is necessary to carry out timely prevention and treatment of late blight, mosaic, brown spot.
Of the pests to the variety of indifferent gnaw scoop, wireworm and spider mite. Insecticides are used against them.
Let's see what gardeners say about the variety.
As you can see from the reviews, it is not so difficult to grow a Palenko tomato in greenhouses. This hybrid will please summer residents with a bountiful harvest and tasty fresh fruits. Properties of a grade will satisfy inquiries of even the most exacting agrarians.
Description of tomatoes Palenka F1, reviews, photos
Sredneranny, indeterminantny, brush hybrid of a tomato of the Dutch selection. In the middle lane is better to grow it in a greenhouse. The period from germination to maturity is 105-110 days.
The bush is powerful, tall. The manufacturer recommends forming a plant in 1 stem, removing all side shoots. The leaf of this tomato is medium-sized, green. The inflorescence is simple. The first inflorescence is laid over a 10-11 leaf, followed every 2-3 leaves. In brushes for 5-10 tomatoes.
Fruits - elongated cream, dense, glossy, in the stage of maturity of red, weighing 130-140 grams, excellent taste. Not prone to cracking, deadly and transportable. These tomatoes are universal use - good for salting and canning, also suitable for fresh consumption.
The hybrid is resistant to TMV, Fusarium and Verticillium wilt, Fusarium root rot.
Yield: 16-22 kg of fruits from 1 square. meter landings (in the presence of watering and fertilizing).
Tomato Palenka F1 is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for growing under film shelters in personal subsidiary farms.
Tomatoes Palenka, video
If you grew tomatoes Palenka F1, please write what yield and fruit taste were in your climatic conditions? Do you know better hybrids suitable for canning? If possible, attach photos of the whole bush or individual fruits grown by you in the comments. Thank!
Your feedback on Tomato Palenka and additions to the description will help many gardeners to evaluate this hybrid objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.
Tomato Palenka: description and photo of the variety
Tomatoes are the most popular and favorite vegetables, their fruits are eaten fresh, they are used to prepare various dishes, dried, pickled, frozen.
Depending on the variety, tomatoes are grown in greenhouses, on balconies, in open ground and even on window sills.
One of the interesting varieties that deserve attention is the Palen tomato, the description and growing features of which are presented below.
Medium early hybrid, having the same red fruit weighing 130 grams of elongated-oval shape. From the beginning of seedlings to the harvest of tomatoes, an average of 110 days.
The plant is formed into one stem, over a 9–11 leaf, an inflorescence forms, and the next through a 2-3 leaf. In one brush of the plant is formed from 4 to 6 tomatoes.
Bush height in average reaches 170 cm, so it should be tied to the trellis. The fleas as they appear break off.
Tomato Palenka is resistant to diseases such as:
- cladosporia or tomato brown spot,
- Fusarium (fungal disease),
- verticillus or verticillous wilting of tomato,
- nematodes (gall nematodes).
Sweet and tasty fruits are used both fresh and for canning. Tomato Palenka is mainly planted in greenhouses. From one meter square collect up to 20 kg of tomatoes. Fruits do not lose their presentation during transportation.