Potassium permanganate is an antiseptic that has long been known and widely used in medicine and in everyday life. Not everyone knows that ordinary potassium permanganate is also used in the garden and in the garden, and it has found its use not only as an antiseptic. Potassium permanganate is also used as a fertilizer to eliminate micronutrient deficiencies in garden and garden crops.
The benefits of potassium permanganate for plants
Despite the variety of different products and drugs in specialized stores, many experienced gardeners use potassium permanganate at the site of potassium permanganate - this is the scientific name for potassium permanganate. The range of use of potassium permanganate on the site is quite wide - from the fight against diseases and pests to the disinfection of the soil in the beds and in greenhouses. The following applications of potassium permanganate can be distinguished:
- Plant protection from disease.
- Pest control.
- Plant nutrition (elimination of manganese and potassium deficiency).
Under disinfection refers to treatment with a solution of potassium permanganate:
- presowing treatment of planting material (disinfection of seeds, tubers),
- processing of garden tools and tools
- etching (watering) the soil before sowing,
- preventive treatment of greenhouses and greenhouses.
To prepare the working solution, it is necessary to dissolve 0.5 g of potassium permanganate in 100 ml of water and soak the seeds and tubers for 30 minutes.
It should be remembered that if the procedure is carried out longer, then you can simply burn all the planting material. In this way, you can process vegetable seeds, for example, tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, onions and garlic, as well as potato tubers and flower bulbs.
In order to conduct antiseptic processing of tools, they can either be wiped with a concentrated solution of potassium permanganate, or put into it for some time, an hour will be enough.
Pre-sowing tillage should be carried out with a working solution prepared at a ratio of 0.5 g of potassium permanganate and 1 liter of warm water. Its temperature should not be below 60 degrees.
As for greenhouses and greenhouses, their designs can either be wiped with a cloth dipped in a solution of potassium permanganate, or they can be sprayed on all internal and external surfaces with a strong solution of dark pink color. In the same way, it is possible to carry out preventive processing at home of containers for seedlings and pots prepared for planting flowers.
Fight against plant diseases
Treatment with potassium permanganate solution is effective for ridding garden and garden crops of the following viral, bacterial and fungal diseases:
- powdery mildew,
- late blight,
- various types of rot,
- mosaic disease
The working solution for spraying is prepared on the basis of proportions:
- 1 g of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of warm water - with late blight, black leg,
- 1.5 g per liter - with mealy dew,
- 3 g per liter - with rot, mosaic.
Effective solution of potassium permanganate and in the fight against certain types of pests, for example, with the front sight of different species and wireworm - amateur root crops. It will help watering a weak light pink solution, and in the case of potatoes - the passage of 0.5 liters each.
The pest solution is prepared as follows: 5 g of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of water.
We should also consider the issue of feeding garden crops, especially some species.
Potassium permanganate is used in the garden and as a fertilizer of plants, sometimes in combination with other substances, in particular, boric acid. As a fertilizer, it stimulates the production of chlorophyll, fruit sugars, ascorbic acid, as well as the ripening of fruits, which makes it possible to use it in gardening.
Potassium permanganate is also effective for berry crops: strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries, currants.
Processing plants is carried out in the spring, the solution is prepared based on the ratio:
- water - 10 l,
- potassium permanganate - 3 g,
- boric acid - 3 g
Wood ash in the amount of 1 cup is also added to the strawberry solution. Bushes sprayed with a solution before flowering.
During the summer season, other fruit and vegetable crops can be fed in the same way.
Top dressing of tomatoes with potassium permanganate
In addition to pre-sowing treatment and control of late blight, potassium permanganate is also effectively used to feed tomatoes in order to increase future yield. The first of the dressings is carried out at the stage of growing seedlings, at the age of 3 weeks.
The concentration of the solution for tomato - 2 g per 10 liters of water.
You can water the tomato seedlings, and you can sprinkle on the leaf.
In order to prevent the development of late blight, the treatment of tomato bushes should be carried out several times per season, but remember that potassium permanganate cannot be abused, you can get the opposite effect and lose plants.
Is it possible to water cucumbers with potassium permanganate
To eliminate the shortage of potassium and manganese, as well as for additional disinfection of the soil in the greenhouse with cucumbers, it is necessary to use potassium permanganate. On the question of whether it is possible to feed cucumbers with potassium permanganate, experienced gardeners will give a positive answer. Especially useful this procedure will be during the period of active fruiting, when cucumbers simultaneously bloom and form many ovaries.
The concentration of the working solution for cucumbers - 2 g per 10 liters of water.
In conclusion, it should be noted that when using potassium permanganate at the site, it is necessary to closely monitor its dosage, since if the recommended standards are exceeded, it is possible to simply burn the plants, and an excess of potassium permanganate in the soil will cause their death. At the same time, the use of the right concentration will guarantee an excellent harvest.
The harvest may be bad for a variety of reasons, which do not depend on the gardener:
- depleted soil
- substandard seeds,
- lack of plant nutrition.
The solution of potassium permanganate: how to apply in the garden and the garden and how to replace it
Many gardeners soak the seeds before planting in the solution of potassium permanganate. But disinfection is required not only for seeds, but also for the soil, greenhouses, inventory.
Potassium permanganate has good antiseptic properties, successfully destroying fungi and bacteria on various surfaces. But for dressing the seeds of various plants before planting it is recommended to use a different dosage.
1% solution is suitable for tomatoes, radish, celery, lettuce, onions, beans and peas. 2% - will help disinfect the seeds of carrots, dill, cabbage, pepper and eggplant.
It is usually sufficient to hold the seeds in the solution for 20 minutes, and then it is desirable to rinse them thoroughly in clean water.
Alternatively, 1% hydrogen peroxide (1 tsp. Per 1 liter of water) can be used.
Before planting, it is possible to disinfect not only seeds, but also potato tubers. They are not soaked, they are poured with ashes and lightly sprayed with a solution of 10 g of potassium permanganate and 2 g of copper sulfate, diluted in 10 liters of water. Spraying increases plant resistance to late blight.
Alternatively, Immunocytophyte can be used (1 tablet per 150 ml of water).
Potassium permanganate for soil and greenhouses
Some gardeners shed the soil for seedlings with a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g per 10 liters of hot water). It is important to remember that even a slight excess of the dosage can burn the roots of young plants.
Alternatively, you can use Fundazol (20 g per 1 liter of water) or Hamair (1 tablet per 10 l of water).
We should not forget that pathogens can expect their “high point” not only on seeds or in the soil, but also on garden equipment, greenhouse walls, etc. Spade and hoe can be wiped with a sponge moistened with a 2% potassium permanganate solution. Potted seedlings are rinsed in a 1% solution.
Alternatively, hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine is suitable.
Garden tools can also be wiped with 9% vinegar dissolved in water in a 1: 1 ratio
Greenhouse walls also need regular processing. This helps prevent young plants from becoming infected with diseases that the previous crop has harmed.
The walls of the greenhouse can be cleaned with a 0.5% solution of potassium permanganate several times per season, it is especially good to do this after cooling.
Wooden elements of the greenhouse can be wiped with bleach, metal - Bordeaux liquid.
Potassium permanganate as fertilizer
Potassium permanganate contributes to the synthesis of chlorophyll, ascorbic acid and sugars, as well as the ripening of fruits. This was discovered by Ivan Michurin. The famous breeder treated some of the seedlings of the hybrid almond with potassium permanganate and noticed that they grow better and also bloom before their fellows.
Top dressing with a solution of potassium permanganate of currant bushes, raspberries, gooseberries is carried out in early spring. 3 g of potassium permanganate and a pinch of boric acid (at the tip of the knife) are dissolved in 10 liters of water.
In the middle of summer you can feed cabbage, beets, peas, beans, carrots and potatoes.
Plant leaves can also be sprayed with a 0.05% manganese sulphate solution.
Before flowering strawberries are sprayed with ash infusion with the addition of potassium permanganate and boric acid in order to stimulate the tying of berries (2 g of boric acid, 2 g of potassium permanganate, a glass of sifted ash per 10 liters of water)
Many indoor plants (citrus, ficus, aglaonema) also respond well to root and foliar feeding with a solution of potassium permanganate.
You can spray the plants in the evening or in cloudy weather, as the solution will evaporate too quickly during the day, and the plants may burn the leaves.
Mangantsovka against insects
Fans of abundantly watered indoor flowers are often disturbed by the fruit flies. Their larvae feed on the juice of the roots and gradually destroy the plants. One of the ways to combat insects is also a weak solution of potassium permanganate (1 pinch per 2 liters of water), which is watered the ground.
You can make your own fly traps with your hands if you put pieces of yellow cardboard smeared with a thin layer of honey near the flowers. One of the most simple and original folk methods of dealing with larvae is sulfur. It is recommended to stick 4 matches (heads down) in a pot of earth and change them every other day for a week, not forgetting to water the plant.
To combat the wireworm when planting potatoes, 0.5 l of potassium permanganate solution (5 g potassium permanganate per 10 liters of water) can be poured into each well.
You will find even more popular recipes for using potassium permanganate in everyday life, in the garden and in the garden in the magazine “Matchmakers in the Country”.
Potassium permanganate in the garden: how to use
Potassium permanganate or potassium permanganate is one of the most powerful antiseptics. It inhibits the activity of most pathogens. Seasoned gardeners have long known that this pharmacy can be successfully applied not only to treat their own ailments, but also in the dacha farm.
But for those who are just beginning to learn the basics of garden and garden science, such a discovery will certainly become a real find.
Potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) Despite the fact that in recent years, potassium permanganate powder in pharmacies has been subject to strict accounting and is now available in limited quantities in one hand, it remains quite available for purchase today.
In addition, this drug is sold in gardening shops at a very attractive price.
In addition to its low cost, potassium permanganate is very economical: single grams and even milligrams are taken to prepare working solutions. Therefore, the standard packaging of the drug is enough for a long time.
Potassium permanganate powder is economical in consumption. Since those grams and milligrams of powder are very difficult to measure under field conditions, working solutions of potassium permanganate are more often prepared by eye and are distinguished by the degree of coloring: slightly pink, hot pink and dark pink (strong, concentrated ). And if gardeners operate with only these three types of potassium permanganate solutions, the range of their use at the dacha is much more diverse. Disinfection of seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate before sowing is a traditional procedure that many gardeners carry out. In this case, prepare a strong solution of a maroon shade and immerse the seeds in it. In order to effectively free each seed from pathogens, seeds are carefully inspected in advance: they separate the glued specimens, and also remove all plant residues if the seeds were collected by themselves. Seeds are kept in an antiseptic solution for 20-30 minutes, and then washed for a couple of minutes under running water.
The solution of potassium permanganate effectively disinfects seeds. Such a treatment is also carried out for tubers and bulbs of flower crops, root crops of vegetables, which are planted in the ground to obtain seeds, cuttings and chubukov, intended for germination, and any other planting material. A concentrated solution of potassium permanganate is useful for disinfecting seedling containers, if it has already been used to grow plants in previous seasons. Plastic pots and boxes can be simply washed with an antiseptic, and wooden containers should be soaked in such a mixture for several hours.
A solution of potassium permanganate disinfect the seedling containers. Photo from natplant.ru Due to the wide spectrum of action, potassium permanganate is ideal for disinfecting soil intended for growing seedlings. In this case, the water is first heated to + 65 ... + 70 ° C, then an antiseptic powder is added to it, so that a bright pink solution is obtained, and the soil mixture is poured abundantly, with which the seed container is filled. When the ground cools down and dries out a little, start planting.
Hot potassium permanganate solution is an excellent tool for soil disinfection
In the same way, they disinfect the soil on the beds in the greenhouse and the open field before planting, and also disinfect the land in tree trunks and inter-row spaces of perennial plantings - trees, shrubs, strawberries and flower crops.
In the latter case, the treatment of the soil with a hot solution of potassium permanganate is carried out in early spring after clearing the area from last year’s plant residues.
The high temperature of the solution can destroy the pests that overwinter in the soil, and potassium permanganate kills the causative agents of fungal infections.
Manganese is an indispensable plant nutrient. Its lack of soil adversely affects the development of cultivated plantations, reduces their immunity and yield. The first signs of manganese starvation are the variegated coloration of young leaves, when the veins remain green and the rest of the leaf-sheet fabric becomes yellow or fawn.
Manganese fasting grapes. Photos from the site .me
It is worth noting that in acidic soils there is often a surplus of manganese, and in those areas where the reaction is neutral or alkaline, this element is in insoluble form and is not available for plants.
Therefore, in the latter case, it makes sense 2-3 times a season with an interval of 2-3 weeks to give your green pets a root or foliar top dressing with a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate.
It will positively affect their development and increase resistance to adverse factors.
In the same way come in preparing the cellar for the laying of a new crop.The metal parts of the shelves of the vegetable store are washed with a solution, and wooden shelves and crossbars are soaked in it for several hours if possible and then dried in the sun.
A strong solution of potassium permanganate is a simple and inexpensive means for disinfecting numerous garden tools. Secateurs, scissors, knives and saws are treated with this mixture before each use.
The solution of potassium permanganate is a simple and inexpensive means for disinfecting garden tools.
The procedure is also carried out at the end of the summer season before harvesting garden equipment for storage. The rest of the range of country assistants — shovels, pitchforks, rakes, choppers, etc. — is connected to the cutting tool. You need to prepare a wide basin with a solution, wear gloves and thoroughly wash the working part of the tools with a liquid antiseptic. After that, the inventory is dried, if necessary, lubricated with oil and sent to "rest" until the next spring strada.
As I said, potassium permanganate can be purchased not only in a pharmacy, but also in shops for gardeners. For example, you can find it in our market by clicking on the link.
Mangantsovka 44.9% (Ivanovo), 10g 26 rubWATCH
Potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) (10 g) 59 rubWATCH
Potassium permanganate in the garden, application
More than one generation of farmers used a chemical such as potassium permanganate, in gardens and vegetable gardens.
Today, anyone who wants to use potassium permanganate in his garden is far from being able to buy it in every pharmacy (as potentially explosive and suitable for making drugs, it is ordered to be stored in special conditions, there are quantitative restrictions on pharmacy sales).
Of course, a lot of new agricultural preparations appeared, but many continue to give preference to habitual potassium permanganate when working in the garden. People are attracted by efficiency, ease of use, certain efficiency, relative harmlessness to humans.
Of course, like many concentrated chemicals, potassium permanganate is not at all harmless. First of all, it is a disinfectant that, in strong dosages, is capable of burning representatives of the flora and fauna.
For young children, ingestion of three grams can be deadly, for adults - from twenty grams (this is a teaspoon with a slide).
In small quantities, manganese is not considered a microelement that is very toxic to humans, but the long-term cumulative effect can be harmful (in the long run, fatigue, memory impairment, allergies, mutations).
This should be remembered by those who like to often and abundantly shed the beds with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. It should also not be forgotten that such an impact has a detrimental effect on beneficial soil microorganisms.
It is clear that potassium permanganate contains potassium and manganese, but the fertilizing properties of this chemical compound are negligible, in the garden we use manganese primarily as an assistant — an antiseptic that kills unwanted microscopic organisms — harmful for plants, fungi, bacteria, and viruses. And since a lot of things relate to the garden, including tools, and other subsidiary, consider its help to everything.
Pretreatment of planting tanks
Before re-using seed pots, drawers, pallets (of any material) it is very useful to wash them with a strong (burgundy) solution of potassium permanganate. Wooden boxes in it, you can briefly soak.
With a similar composition, we spray single-use peat pots and tablets to prevent the development of mold on the walls.
Strait spreading ground
Some summer residents before home sowing of seeds for seedlings consider it their duty to shed containers filled with substrate with hot potassium permanganate (rich pink color).
Sometimes this measure really helps in the prevention of black legs (especially with shaded, coldish windowsills).
If this disease begins to "mow" the seedlings, disinfecting irrigation usually does not help any more, drying the soil is much more useful.
Strong potassium permanganate pickle the ground for one-year asters (prevention of fusarium wilt).
Preseeding treatment of seeds
Seed material of many cultivated plants can be infected with invisible spores of pathogenic fungi (blight, fusarium, anthracnose, keel, and many others.).
Soaking seeds (on the eve of sowing on seedlings or in open ground) in many people in the potassium permanganate practice, but not always correctly. The bottom line is that low concentrations have no effect.
The correct event is carried out with the use of a strong, dark pink solution (1 g per glass of water). Seed material is kept in it for a quarter of an hour, then washed in clean water.
It is important for crops from such botanical families as solanaceous (first of all, tomatoes, as well as peppers, eggplants, potatoes from botanical seeds), pumpkin (especially cucumbers, melons), cruciferous (cabbage, radishes, radish), and also for black onions.
For seeds of annual asters that are susceptible to Fusarium, we take twice as strong concentration, after 20 minutes we quickly rinse with clean water. Then lightly dry and sow.
Processing potassium permanganate flower planting material and onion sets
Before planting flowers with bulbs, tubers, rhizomes, soak them for 30-60 minutes in pink potassium permanganate (1 g per 2 liters). It can be tulips, lilies, gladioli, begonias, calla lilies, cannes, hyacinths, dahlias, etc. We make similar processing before putting it into storage. We apply the same dosage before planting onion seedlings.
If we consider it necessary to pickle the ground in the garden (from fusariosis asters, bulbous rot, keels and black leg of cabbage, root rot of cucumbers, late blight of tomatoes), then the surface of the ridges (or purposefully planting pits) is spilled with potassium permanganate (dessert spoon in 30 liters of water).
Potassium permanganate for the garden
We have already dealt with the topic of the use of medicines from the home first aid kit in the garden (ammonia, iodine, brilliant green, hydrogen peroxide). Today we will talk about potassium permanganate or, as they call this substance in everyday life, potassium permanganate.
Externally, the substance is a dark purple crystals of irregular shape. They dissolve easily in water, resulting in a pink solution of varying degrees of saturation (from slightly pink to dark purple).
Processing of seeds, tubers, bulbs before planting
Completely dissolve 2 g of potassium permanganate in 10 liters of hot water (there should not be whole crystals at the bottom). In the resulting solution, soak the seed for a period of 12 to 24 hours (for a day maintain tight seeds).
If there is very little time left before planting and the treatment is necessary, reduce the amount of water 10 times (to 1 l). In the resulting dark solution, soak the seeds for 30 minutes.
Before planting, the seeds must be washed in clean water and dried slightly.
At the end of the season, after harvesting, handle the raspberry solution of potassium permanganate rubber gloves, shoes, work surface shovels, rakes and other garden tools. Secateurs, saws, delimbers, scissors must be thoroughly disinfected before each pruning.
I also recommend that at the end of the next season wash the working solution after the general cleaning of the frames of greenhouses and greenhouses, as well as wipe the contacting surfaces in winter stores (shelves and drawers in the cellars).
For processing, you need to use the following concentration of the drug - 3 g per 10 l of water for root top-dressings and 2 g per 10 l when applying the composition on a sheet.
Watering as a preventive measure is necessary flower and vegetable crops. Such treatments will contribute to an overall reduction in incidence and an increase in resistance to adverse weather conditions.
A solution of potassium permanganate is most often treated with tomatoes, white cabbage, garden strawberries, pumpkins, zucchini, cucumbers. Treated plants are much less affected by rot, powdery mildew, peronospora, viral mosaic, bacteriosis.
If the culture is already sick, proceed as follows:
- Late blight in the initial stage on tomatoes and potatoes. Working composition: 10 liters of water + 100 g of fresh garlic arrows rotated in a meat grinder + 1 g of potassium permanganate. Mix the composition and apply it abundantly on diseased plants (including visually healthy parts).
- Mealy dew. Dissolve 2 g of potassium permanganate in 10 liters of water and process the resulting cucumber, zucchini or strawberry on the sheet. For processing gooseberry and currant, take a quarter of a teaspoon of manganese crystals in 10 liters of water.
- Gray rot. To prevent this disease, treat the affected cultures with a solution of potassium permanganate at a concentration of 3 g of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of warm water. Spray the buds 2 times a day for 7 days. If signs of illness appear, increase manganese concentration by 2 times.
- Blackleg. If this disease is detected, first remove the 2-3 cm layer of earth in the tree hole, and then treat the soil, stems, foliage and buds with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 10 liters of water). Fill the hole with a layer of ground wood ash.
Why is potassium permanganate banned?
You probably have long noticed that potassium permanganate in recent years has suddenly disappeared from open sale. There are two reasons for this:
- Potassium permanganate is an integral part of improvised explosives and can be used for terrorist purposes.
- The ubiquitous drug addicts use potassium permanganate in the preparation of potent cheap drug “screw”. To complicate their "life", the drug was listed as prohibited for public sale. However, with a prescription, you can still buy potassium permanganate at your local pharmacy.
We have a small supply of potassium permanganate, and in the summer we use it in the country if necessary.
Potassium permanganate - reliable protection for plants
Hello, dear readers! Already you can not count how many years people use potassium permanganate in the cultivation of various crops. Previously, there were no problems at all with its purchase in a pharmacy. Unfortunately, at the present time this product, which is very necessary for gardeners and gardeners, has disappeared from the pharmacy windows - who knows what is the reason?
Well, and if luck still smiles at you, and you get this medicine, let it be your help, dear friends, this article. It is popularly and affordably described in what cases and how potassium permanganate is used for plants.
Potassium permanganate - a simple name given to potassium permanganate (or potassium permanganate) is a fairly well-known drug, but it has found application not only in medicine, but also among gardeners and gardeners in various garden work.
The main chemical components of potassium permanganate are manganese and potassium, thanks to which plants grow more actively. Therefore, the seeds can be soaked before sowing them in the soil.
The positive effect in this case will be to create a margin of safety to accelerate the growth of plants, and to disinfect the seeds.
A solution of potassium permanganate destroys pathogens, including such diseases as tomato stolbur. As a result, the chances of obtaining a high yield increase significantly.
The most common solution of potassium permanganate is treated with seeds of cabbage, radish, tomato, and flower seeds. Soak the seeds for 20 minutes in a 0.5% solution (0.5 g of potassium permanganate per 100 ml of water). Then the seeds are washed with water and dried.
A solution of potassium permanganate and disinfect the soil. For this purpose, the solution is prepared at the rate of 5 g of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of water. You can disinfect the soil in the beds and in the container for growing seedlings.
Potassium permanganate is also used as a top dressing for plants. A solution of 3 g of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of water reduces the likelihood of disease, increases plant resistance to adverse environmental conditions, in particular, bad weather.
Now consider in more detail the effect of the drug on certain types of plants.
Often potatoes are planted cut into shares, each of which has an eye.
To protect the plant from pathogenic microorganisms, the tubers should be cut with a knife dipped in potassium permanganate solution, and sprinkle a small amount of ash on the tuber areas not protected by the peel.
Before planting, potato tubers can be sprayed with a solution of a mixture of copper sulphate (2 g) and potassium permanganate (10 g) per 10 liters of water. Such a measure is also effective protection against late blight. To process 10 kg of potatoes, you will need to prepare 200 ml of this solution.
If the blight still appeared, to help you, dear gardeners, a folk remedy to combat this scourge. Prepare the solution: 1 g of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of warm water, mince 1 cup of garlic cloves through a meat grinder and mix thoroughly with this solution. The resulting composition is sprayed every plant in the garden with an interval of 10 days.
One of the most common diseases of cucumber is powdery mildew. To cope with it in the early stages of development, a solution of 3 g of potassium permanganate in 10 liters of water is very effective. They need to spray not only plants, but also the soil, as well as the walls of the greenhouse and greenhouse. Conduct this operation 3 times with an interval of 2-3 days. The result will appear very quickly.
The shoots of cabbage at high humidity and high temperature can be struck by the black leg: the stem of the plant near the ground turns black and thinner - as a result, the plant dies.
To stop the spread of this disease, the ground should be removed from under the roots of an infected plant to a depth of 1.5-2 cm and replaced with ash or dry sand.
After that you should pour it with a 0.5% solution of potassium permanganate.
Crop of strawberries and raspberries can greatly reduce the disease, such as gray mold. To get rid of this sore, you need to use solutions of potassium permanganate of different concentrations.
In the spring, during the growth of leaves, use a weaker (pink) solution, and in the summer (when setting berries) - a more concentrated dark red.
Carefully treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, not only plants, but also the soil under them and nearby.
The mildew affects not only cucumbers, but also young leaves of black currant and gooseberry. To save them from the disease, 50 g of potassium nitrate is added to a solution of 3 g of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of water. The resulting mixture is treated trunks and leaves of berry bushes. In the early stages, the spread of this disease with the help of this method can be stopped completely.
We have considered how and in what cases potassium permanganate is used for plants of individual species, but this is not the full range of its application, - more than one article can be written on this subject. For now, probably, this information will be enough to boldly grow good harvests. friends!
With all respect, Andrew!
How to dilute the potassium permanganate for medical purposes
The main rule is to maintain clear proportions while preparing the solution, otherwise potassium permanganate will become a dangerous irritant to the skin and mucous membranes. For processing most often used 0.1-0.5% solution. The weakest solution of potassium permanganate is used to rinse the mouth and throat. External purulent wounds, burns allowed to lubricate 2% of the composition.
To prepare a weak solution for 1 liter of water, add 2-3, stronger ones - 3-4 grains of substance. To dissolve faster, you can use warm water.
A solution of potassium permanganate for any procedure should always be fresh.
When preparing the solution, be sure to observe the following safety regulations:
- do not touch the grains of potassium permanganate with your hands, but take them with a spoon, a match or a toothpick,
- stir the solution thoroughly until the grains are completely dissolved so as not to get burned,
- do not store the finished solution,
- use personal protective equipment while working with the product.
Keep potassium permanganate out of the reach of children and animals. Do not leave the substance in the sun.
How to breed potassium permanganate for processing plants
Useful properties of potassium permanganate are successfully used by summer residents and owners of indoor plants. For plants, solutions are prepared a little differently; the amount of potassium permanganate is measured in grams and diluted in a large volume of water. If you do not have scales, take a teaspoon to measure. For the preparation of the solution is best to use transparent glassware.
In 1 tsp. without slides contains about 6 grams of potassium permanganate.
And now we will consider 14 popular ways of using potassium permanganate in the garden, garden and flower garden.
1. Disinfection by potassium permanganate tanks
Potassium permanganate perfectly cope with the disinfection of planting containers, flower pots and pallets. Prepare such a solution for the procedure: dilute to 3 tsp in 10 l of water. potassium permanganate. Wash the plastic containers with the resulting composition and soak the wooden containers for a short time so that they become saturated with the substance. Then dry everything thoroughly and start planting.
Process also with a solution of potassium permanganate peat containers and tablets, so that they do not appear mold.
In what to grow seedlings - we choose the right capacity. We will sort all the containers “under bones” and tell you why plants do not “love” peat pots and what dangers posed by the cassettes for seedlings.
2. Etching by potassium permanganate for seedlings
Once the landing tank is ready, it's time to do the ground. And first of all it needs to be sanitized, or pickled. No matter what soil you use. Even if it is bought in a store or brought from a summer cottage, and not collected in the nearby forest, it is better to insure and use potassium permanganate. Dissolve 5 g of potassium permanganate in 1 l of water, mix thoroughly and pour plenty of soil. Now you will be sure that you protect future shoots from diseases and pests!
To enhance the effect of the mixture, preheat the water to 70 ° C. After the procedure, seeds can be planted only in cooled and slightly dried soil.
3. Presowing seed treatment with potassium permanganate
To seedlings grow strong and healthy, do not be lazy to soak the seeds in potassium permanganate. This simple procedure will not give a chance to the harmful bacteria to kill your plants. In addition, soaking allows you to speed up the germination of seedlings.
It is possible to pickle the seeds with the following recipe: Dissolve 1 g of potassium permanganate in 1 l of water until a light pink shade is formed. Dip them in the resulting solution for 15-20 minutes (it is not recommended to hold them longer, so that the seeds do not get burned), then rinse and dry.
Seeds of any plants will respond well to presowing treatment, therefore it is worth including this procedure in the list of garden works
In potassium permanganate seeds are soaked not only before sowing, but also for subsequent storage. After treatment, they remain viable longer.
How to prepare and use a solution of potassium permanganate for processing plants?
→ Increasing fertility → How to prepare and use a solution of potassium permanganate for processing plants?
Many chemical compounds entered our life, and we use them extensively, without thinking about the benefits they bring. These include potassium permanganate or potassium permanganate. Everyone knows about its disinfecting properties. A competent gardener uses a solution of potassium permanganate for the treatment of plants.
In the treatment of people, potassium permanganate has not lost its importance in our time. He was not replaced by modern synthetic materials. A solution of the substance used in poisoning for washing the stomach, purulent wounds. It disinfects, stops the development of inflammation. For plants, treatment with potassium permanganate is also useful if used skillfully.
How to use potassium permanganate in the garden and garden: tips experienced
Dark potassium permanganate crystals in gardening are one of the effective means for preventive disinfection and treatment of plants, and soil disinfection. Despite the fact that the drug has been included in the list of drugs subject to strict subject-quantitative accounting, today many gardeners recommend it as an effective and reliable antiseptic. Next, we will tell how to potassium and ground with potassium permanganate before planting, as well as analyze plant treatments and preventive measures.
Presowing soaking of seeds (bulbs, tubers)
Often this method is used by all gardeners and flower growers when sowing home grains. The technology is very simple and accessible to everyone: regardless of the size and shape, the entire seed must be soaked for a day in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The liquid is prepared at the rate of 2 g per bucket of water. If the landing is planned right now, and there is no time for lengthy preparation, it is recommended to use 1 l of water for the same dosage of the preparation. At this concentration, the seeds are soaked for about half an hour.
- boric acid (0.1 g),
- potassium permanganate (0.5 g),
- ammonium molybdenum acid (1 g),
- copper sulphate (0.4 g),
- methylene blue (0.3 g),
- zinc sulfate (0.2 g),
- 1 liter of water.
In the process of presowing treatment of bulbs and tubers, the main thing is to ensure that the material is completely covered with liquid. After processing it must be dried.
In cases where nematodes or undesired microorganisms and fungal mycelium have appeared on the garden bed or in the flower garden, potassium permanganate will save the day. To disinfect the area, it is sufficient to dissolve 5 g of the preparation in a 10-liter container with hot water. By the way, many vegetable growers use this method when preparing land for seedlings - in boxes, greenhouses and greenhouses.
Handling capacity tanks
In floriculture potassium permanganate is widely used not only for plants, but also for disinfection pots. To this end, before each reuse of planting tanks, they are washed with a highly concentrated solution of potassium permanganate. Moreover, the exact proportion in this case is not necessary to calculate: just dissolve the crystals, to get a burgundy liquid.
Plastic flower pots and seedling boxes just enough to rinse, but it is desirable to soak wooden containers for several hours. The tool is also recommended for spraying single peat containers and tablets.
Such processing is mandatory shown when transplanting flowers that have fallen as well as when rooting new seedlings.
On the use of potassium permanganate in gardening, there are many recipes, most often the drug can be found in complex home-made fertilizers. Often this ingredient is used alone in an aqueous solution.
In dressing you need to strictly observe the norm, otherwise the culture can be burned. Experts advise the optimal ratio of 3 g of the drug and 10 liters of water. According to them, vegetable and flower crops watered with such a liquid are less likely to get sick and become more resistant to adverse environmental factors.
You can make a substance and foliar way. But in this case, the foliage will need a more gentle concentration. Add 2 g of the drug to the bucket of water and mix well until smooth.
Late blight (phytophthora)
At the first signs of late blight on potatoes and tomatoes, immediately prepare a solution of 1 g of potassium permanganate, a glass of garlic shooters minced through a meat grinder and 10 liters of water. All the ingredients thoroughly stir and pour the diseased plants with liquid. Also generously spray it with the stems, not excluding healthy ones. Consider that such folk remedies are effective only at the beginning of the illness (up to 3 days), and to the extent of its progression, strong fungicides will be needed.
A weak solution of 1 bucket of water and 1.5 g of the drug will help to save cucumbers, strawberries and melons from this scourge. As in the previous case, the culture will need to be watered and sprinkled. But for currants, gooseberries and ornamental flowering plants, experts advise to prepare a rescue mixture of half a teaspoon of crystals and 2 buckets of water.
Plants that were exposed to the attack of gray rot, treated with a means of 3 g of potassium permanganate and 1 liter of warm water. During the week, twice a day this liquid is recommended to spray the buds of plants. In the case when the misfortune happened during the formation of the ovary and the maturation of greenfinches, the amount of the drug is increased by 1-2 grams.
If garden crops are in a humid environment at elevated temperatures, then soon a black stalk will appear on their shoots. About the vital activity of the pathogens of this disease is not difficult to guess from the highly refined and blackened stems. If nothing is done, the plant will soon wither.
To stop the destructive processes at the tissue level, you will need to remove about 2 cm of contaminated land in the tree trunk, and then treat the substrate, shoots, foliage and buds with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is prepared in the ratio of 1 g per 10 l. After the manipulations, place a layer of wood ash or dry river sand around the stalks.
This is only a small part of the folk methods of using potassium permanganate in the garden and in the garden. But do not forget that they are effective only at the first stages of the development of microorganisms, and with mass foci of infection only potassium permanganate is indispensable. Do not be afraid to use this medication and Do not forget the sense of proportion.
More than one generation of farmers used a chemical such as potassium permanganate, in gardens and vegetable gardens. Today, anyone who wants to use potassium permanganate in his garden is far from being able to buy it in every pharmacy (as potentially explosive and suitable for making drugs, it is ordered to be stored in special conditions, there are quantitative restrictions on pharmacy sales). Of course, a lot of new agricultural preparations appeared, but many continue to give preference to habitual potassium permanganate when working in the garden. People are attracted by efficiency, ease of use, certain efficiency, relative harmlessness to humans.
What can potassium permanganate
Of course, like many concentrated chemicals, potassium permanganate is not at all harmless. First of all, it is a disinfectant that, in strong dosages, is capable of burning representatives of the flora and fauna. For young children, ingestion of three grams can be deadly, for adults - from twenty grams (this is a teaspoon with a slide). In small quantities, manganese is not considered a microelement that is very toxic to humans, but the long-term cumulative effect can be harmful (in the long run, fatigue, memory impairment, allergies, mutations). This should be remembered by those who like to often and abundantly shed the beds with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. It should also not be forgotten that such an impact has a detrimental effect on beneficial soil microorganisms.
It is clear that potassium permanganate contains potassium and manganese, however the fertilizing properties of this chemical compound are negligible, in the garden we use manganese primarily as an assistant — an antiseptic that kills unwanted microscopic organisms — harmful fungi, bacteria and viruses for the plants. And since a lot of things relate to the garden, including tools, and other subsidiary, consider its help to everything.
Adding an article to a new collection
Potassium permanganate is familiar to everyone from school lessons in chemistry. Some had to personally try this tool, for example, for gargling. And with the help of potassium permanganate you can successfully carry out a variety of holiday work!
Potassium permanganate, also known as potassium permanganate and potassium permanganate, are dark purple crystals that paint water pink. Our mothers and grandmothers could not do without this simple and budgetary means. And all because it is beautiful antiseptickilling harmful germs and bacteria.
Treatment of wounds, gargling, lubrication of burns, gastric lavage, douching are just a small list of the possibilities of potassium permanganate. Many young mothers are still bathing their newborns in a weak solution of potassium permanganate so that the umbilical cord heals faster. Also, the tool is used in everyday life, for example, for cleaning floors and disinfecting drinking water.
Despite the use of potassium permanganate, if applied incorrectly, it can be harmful to health. The crystals of a substance are capable of leaving a noticeable burn on the skin, and if the solution is badly mixed, it becomes dangerous. Often, children from pampering try dark grains and get seriously injured. In addition, in combination with certain substances potassium permanganate can explode. Handicraft drug makers have also found it.
It looks like potassium permanganate at high magnification
For these reasons, potassium permanganate is now sold in pharmacies strictly by prescription, and in some localities it is not easy to find there. But there are several places where you can certainly buy this budget antimicrobial agent:
- shops for garden and vegetable garden - potassium permanganate is safe for the harvest, therefore indispensable in the country,
- veterinary pharmacies - a solution of potassium permanganate also helps animals in case of poisoning and injuries,
- specialized pharmacies in maternity hospitals, children's polyclinics - here potassium permanganate is sold for bathing newborns,
- online stores of medical and garden products.
Many people have stocks of potassium permanganate from Soviet times, so you can turn to any of your relatives. But according to private announcements, it is better not to buy potassium permanganate, so that there are no problems with law enforcement agencies.
4. Processing of potassium permanganate tubers and bulbs
Tubers and bulbs of plants are vulnerable to various diseases, so it would be good to treat them with a solution of potassium permanganate. This procedure is quite painstaking, but effective. Experienced gardeners spend it every spring.
Especially well established onion processing before planting potassium permanganate. This procedure disinfects the bulbs and at the same time accelerates the development of the root system.
Onion in potassium permanganate before planting can be soaked, for example, in this way: in 1 liter of water dissolve 3 g of the substance and place the bulbs in the solution for 1 hour. If signs of infection are visible on the planting material, a more powerful tool is prepared. In 1 liter of water, add 20 g of the substance and soak the bulbs for 20 minutes.
Potato tubers soaked for 20-30 minutes in a disinfecting solution. To prepare it, dilute 10 g of potassium permanganate in 10 liters of water. To enhance the protective effect, add 2 g of copper sulphate to the solution. It is also effective to spray the drug.
You can soak in a solution of potassium permanganate bulbs of tulips, daffodils, gladioli, crocuses and other bulbous and bulbous plants. In this case, the liquid must completely cover the bulbs.
5. Disinfection of the cellar and basement with potassium permanganate
Before laying the harvest is to restore order in the cellars and basements and treat the premises with an antiseptic. A great option is a saturated solution of potassium permanganate, which kills microbes and mold. It is necessary to wipe and spray not only the places where the harvest will be stored, but also the walls. Clean up trash and cobwebs before work. Wooden shelves better soak in solution, and then dried in the sun.
Long-term inhalation of potassium permanganate vapors in a closed room can cause poisoning, so be sure to wear a respirator and rubber gloves.
7. Disinfection with potassium permanganate garden tools
On garden tools, pathogens often accumulate. For example, if you cut the branches of diseased trees with shears, and then immediately took up the roses, the latter can become seriously ill. Therefore, you can wash the solution of potassium permanganate small garden tools before each procedure. For disinfection use a concentrated solution (at least 1 tsp. Per 1 liter of water).
Large tools - forks, shovels, rakes, etc. - usually washed at the end of the season. To do this, prepare a basin with water, add a few tablespoons of potassium permanganate to it, until the solution has a rich raspberry color, and gently wash the entire inventory with a sponge or cloth. It is better to do it with gloves. Then dry the tools and fold in storage.
8. Etching soil in the beds with potassium permanganate
As is known, potassium permanganate perfectly disinfects, therefore it is useful to use it for the soil on the beds. To pickle the soil need a weak solution. In 10 liters of warm water, add 5 g of potassium permanganate and wait until all the crystals have dissolved. Place the prepared solution in a watering can and evenly pour the beds.
Potassium permanganate oxidizes the soil, so it is best to use it on neutral and alkaline earth, or after processing it is imperative to add lime. At the same time you should not use nitrogen fertilizers at the same time - they also make the soil acidic.
Watering with potassium permanganate acts only on the surface layer of the soil and does not kill all soil pathogens of bacteria. Therefore, be sure to supplement this method with others, for example, carry out decontamination with the help of insecticides and fungicides.
10. The use of potassium permanganate during plant reproduction
Flower growers often use a solution of potassium permanganate to process sections of rhizomes, bulbs, and corms. The procedure can be carried out not only in the division and rejuvenation of old plants, but also for the treatment of damaged specimens. Potassium permanganate solution protects flowers from diseases and pests, strengthens the immune system and protects against moisture loss.
After rejuvenation of begonias, division of gladioli, dahlias or hippeastrum, prepare a saturated solution of potassium permanganate and gently grease all surfaces of the slices with a piece of cotton wool. Then dry the wet areas, sprinkle with charcoal and plant the plants in the ground.
It is not recommended to immerse the bulbs and rhizomes in the solution so that the bare parts do not get burned.
11. Potassium permanganate against a black leg on seedlings
Black leg can ruin all the seedlings. Affected shoots rarely manage to be saved, and it is not easy to stop the infection of neighboring plants. The best prevention of this fungal disease will be potassium permanganate, for the treatment of seedlings it is used in this way: 3-5 g of the substance is dissolved in 10 liters of water. There should be a pink solution, which shoots gently watered under the root. If you decide to water the seedlings with potassium permanganate, the main thing is not to get too carried away with this tool, and when the plants get stronger, continue the care activities.
Watering with potassium permanganate additionally feeds seedlings, it will grow sturdy and strong
Novice gardeners often doubt whether it is possible to water with potassium permanganate seedlings. Do not hesitate, this procedure, if properly performed, is safe for plants and will bring them only benefit!
12. Potassium permanganate against gray mold
To prevent raspberries and garden strawberries from gray rot, prepare a solution of this: 1.5-2 tsp. Mix potassium permanganate in 10 liters of water. Then carefully spray the plants themselves and the soil beneath them. The procedure should be carried out before flowering, when the leaves just begin to grow. In the summer, during the setting of the berries, re-process the preparation of a more concentrated composition in the calculation of 2-2.5 tsp. 10 liters of water.
To protect the grapes from gray rot, spray the plants with a solution of 5-7 g of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of water.
Cucumbers, eggplants and tomatoes can also become gray rot, so be sure to process them with potassium permanganate and them.
13. Potassium permanganate against powdery mildew
Powdery mildew appeared on cucumbers, beets or zucchini? Prepare a solution of potassium permanganate urgently, which is effective at the onset of the disease: dilute 3 g of the substance in 10 liters of water and spray all the plants and the soil around them and, if necessary, the walls of the greenhouse. The procedure should be carried out every 2-3 days at least 3 times per season. If powdery mildew “attacked” a currant, gooseberry, apple or horticultural strawberries, add 50 g of potassium nitrate to the above mixture to enhance the plant nutrition and strengthen their immunity.
14. Potassium permanganate and garlic against late blight
Such a dangerous disease like late blight, can contain manganese and garlic. To prepare 100 g of garlic with arrows and leaves, finely chop (better with a meat grinder), pour a glass of warm water and let it brew. The next day, strain the infusion and add 1 g of potassium permanganate to it. The resulting concentrated infusion diluted in 10 liters of water and pour into a sprayer. Then, every 10-15 days, treat the plants, paying particular attention to the affected areas.
With the help of potassium permanganate it is possible to fight the disease only at an early stage. If you start processing on time, you can save a significant part of the harvest of potatoes and tomatoes.
Potassium permanganate is an inexpensive, effective and economical tool that will help you protect your favorite plants from diseases and feed them. Potassium permanganate at home is very easy to use. Try one or more of the described examples of its use, and then share your impressions. Do you know new ways to use potassium permanganate in the country and at home? Write in the comments!
If you are interested in other budgetary funds for country works, pay attention to these articles:
Manganese - what is it?
The discovery of potassium permanganate belongs to the Swedish pharmacist Karl Scheele. In everyday life, potassium permanganate is called potassium permanganate. The scientific name of the substance is potassium permanganate, potassium salt of manganese acid.
Potassium permanganate is a deep purple hue that is completely soluble in water. Faster dissolving in hot liquid.
Get a solution of potassium permanganate of different shades, which depends on the concentration of crystals in relation to water. It may be a pinkish solution or a dark red color with a violet shade.
You can dissolve the crystals, dropping them in acetone, liquid ammonia, methanol.
Potassium permanganate is deservedly popular, as it saves a person in case of poisoning and helps garden plants to fight diseases.
Manganese combines with sulfuric acid to form potassium and manganese compounds and water. But an explosion may occur. The use of potassium permanganate is associated with its oxidative properties.
The solution acts as an astringent, cauterizing agent. Oxygen is active against pathogens, an unpleasant odor.
Pure potassium permanganate or a high concentration solution causes burns.
How is potassium permanganate useful for plants?
For those who care for the garden and garden plants, potassium permanganate is always at hand:
- The solution is necessary in order to kill the fungi, bacteria that can destroy the entire crop. Therefore, disinfection is carried out with a weak solution of potassium permanganate seeds and tubers before they are planted in the ground.
- It is necessary to process tools, inventory before starting sowing, gardening works.
- Do not do without potassium permanganate those who grow seedlings, vegetables in greenhouses and greenhouses. The walls of the premises are washed with pink water in spring and autumn.
- Effectively relieves potassium permanganate from rot, late blight, powdery mildew, mosaic virus of the plant during their growing season.
- Among the pests that die after processing vegetables with potassium permanganate solution, wireworm, onion fly, aphid.
- In the composition of the permanganate compound, the potassium and manganese necessary for the plants, which are needed to stimulate the production of chlorophyll and ascorbic acid by the green body. After treatment with a solution of potassium permanganate, the ripening of fruits and berries is accelerated.
Pink potassium permanganate solution is necessary for the preventive treatment of plants. It benefits them when used properly. An excess of substance will be disastrous for plants.
Potassium permanganate as a fertilizer: solution preparation, application
Manganese should be used as a fertilizer if there is a lack of potassium or manganese in the soil:
- When on the surface of the leaves of tomato, cucumbers, berry bushes spots appear, and the plates curl, it is necessary to feed potash fertilizers. With a shortage of manganese, the yellowing of the leaf between the veins occurs, and some parts of the plate die. A solution of potassium permanganate will compensate for the lack of elements. Treated plants in spring. Prepare a top dressing by dissolving three grams of potassium permanganate and boric acid crystals in ten liters of warm water.
- For processing garden strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries and currants, add one cup of wood ash to the prepared bait. Spray berry bushes before the appearance of flower buds. You can and shed the earth under bushes cooked liquid. Suitable such dressing for berry bushes grown on sandy soil.
- For a tomato, take two grams of potassium permanganate in a bucket of water. Tomatoes are watered with prepared liquid at a seedling stage that has reached the age of three weeks. Then treated plants in open or closed ground before flowering. For cucumbers, watering with a solution of potassium permanganate will lead to abundant fruiting, since the ovaries will form a lot.
During the application of fertilizer it is necessary to monitor the dosage. Exceeding it will lead to burns of the leaves of plants, to their death.
A solution of potassium permanganate for tillage and seed before planting
Most often gardeners use a weak solution of potassium permanganate to disinfect soil and seed before sowing:
- Soaking seeds, tubers, bulbs occurs within 24 hours if they are dipped in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. A concentrated liquid is prepared by dissolving two grams of crystals in one liter of warm water. In this case, keep the planting material should be no more than twenty to thirty minutes. After the procedure, it must be washed and dried.
- Potato tuber need soaking in a solution of potassium permanganate for eight to ten hours. Having mixed one gram of substance with five liters of water, planting material is placed there. It is important to carry out the procedure when the wireworm stays in the garden, and the potato is infected with blast. The treatment of tubers is carried out not only with a pure solution of potassium permanganate from ten liters of water and five grams of potassium permanganate, but also two grams of copper sulfate is added there. At the same time, “two birds with one stone” are killed: and they disinfect the tubers, and prevent fungal infections of the vegetable.
- The soil in the garden rarely watered with potassium permanganate solution. But in greenhouses and greenhouses before planting vegetables, the soil is treated with hot water with potassium permanganate. Make a disinfectant solution of ten liters of water and two grams of potassium permanganate.
Before watering the soil with potassium permanganate it is necessary to determine the acidity of the soil. Use the solution only on lands with a predominance of alkalis. Potassium permanganate will increase the acidity of the soil, so they do not disinfect the soil on acidic lands.
If, nevertheless, a solution of potassium permanganate was used, then after the procedure dolomite flour, slaked lime is introduced into the ground. These substances lower the pH.
Together with the disinfection of soil and planting material, potassium permanganate components saturate them with useful elements.
Potassium permanganate against diseases of garden plants and vegetables
During the period of high humidity, many vegetables and berry bushes get a fungal infection. And here potassium permanganate comes to the rescue again:
- To protect and treat potatoes against phytophthora, tubers before planting are treated with a liquid that is prepared from ten liters of water and ten grams of potassium permanganate. The treatment will be more successful if you add two grams of copper sulfate to the solution. Tubers, soaked in a preventive measure, will be able to resist the disease-causing fungi.
- If the disease began to affect the planting of potatoes, spray them with a one-percent solution of potassium permanganate, adding to it a glass of chopped cloves of garlic. Insist means for five to six hours, and then they are treated with potato bushes. Similarly, they fight against late blight of tomatoes.
- Cucumbers are often affected by powdery mildew. At the beginning of the appearance of spots on the leaves of a vegetable, they spray the leaves, the stalks of cucumbers, and pour the soil on the garden with potassium permanganate. The solution is made more concentrated: for a bucket of water - three grams of the substance. The procedure is carried out three times with an interval of five days.
- From fungal pathologies cabbage strikes black leg. From the action of the fungus, the stems of the vegetable plant turn black, become slimy, and the cabbage dies. It is necessary to fight the disease by irrigating cabbage with a 0.5 percent solution of potassium permanganate. Previously around the affected plants remove a layer of soil in one to two centimeters, replacing it with dry sand or ash.
- With the gray rot of strawberries, strawberries, raspberries are also struggling with potassium permanganate. If in the spring using a pinkish solution, then before tying berries - concentrated, red.
- Shrubs with their fungal infections need treatment with a therapeutic solution. They prepare it by taking three grams of potassium permanganate crystals and fifty potash nitrate on a bucket of warm water. If the disease is noticed in time and the treatment is carried out, then the berry plants will quickly recover.
Potassium permanganate is active against pathogenic microorganisms; therefore, it is used both in the prevention and treatment of infections of plants in the garden.
Potassium permanganate from plant pests
Root vegetable lover: potatoes, carrots, beets - the wireworm is a larva of a click beetle. A thin, hard-to-touch yellow worm develops in the ground.
Damaging the vegetables in summer, it remains to spend the winter to continue its activities for the next year. In addition to compliance with the rules of agrotechnology, pest control includes the treatment of a plant by watering the land with a solution of potassium permanganate.
For this, it is enough to dilute five grams of the substance in ten liters of water.
Onion and cabbage flies can also be dispensed with spraying with potassium permanganate. If the spring does not shed the ground with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, the pest larvae become more active and destroy the crop of vegetables. Cabbage seeds are also useful, soaking onions before planting for half an hour in potassium permanganate of weak concentration.
In addition to potassium permanganate, traps with creolin, tobacco, and naphthalene are prepared to repel a pest. All together taken measures will allow to destroy pests of the garden.
More information can be found in the video:
Rubrication: Fertility Enhancement | Plant nutrition