The base of the adapter to the walker is made of a rectangular pipe 170 cm long. Another pipe 50 cm long is welded to it across it, to which the adapter wheel mount racks should be attached. The height of these racks from the top of the rack to the axis of the adapter wheel is 30 cm. You can adjust the wheels from an ordinary garden cart, and bore their internal bushings on a lathe. Bearings of the required size are put on the sleeves.
Then, braces should be welded to the adapter wheel hubs and to the central tube. Their length can be different and is determined by the angle that you will need to endure. This is followed by the calculation and welding of the frame for attachments. The side tubes of this frame are attached to the wheel studs with bolts. Bolts must be of sufficient diameter to withstand various mechanical loads.
At the rear end of the frame for attachments welded across the channel (No. 10). The back channel and side frame tubes have the same length of 40 cm. As a result, the frame has a square shape. A lever with three “knees” having lengths of 30, 50, and 19 cm is also welded to the frame. Another lever 75 cm long is mounted on the lever to increase the applied force.
Such an adapter to the walker with their own hands quite confidently goes on the ground when working on virgin soil and arable land. To him you can make a special blade for snow removal. In front of the adapter is a hitch assembly, which you can also make yourself or buy ready.
The only thing you need to pay attention to is that the reliability of both the adapter hitch and the motoblock itself must be high enough. From above, to the central tube, a metal “leg” is welded to place the seat. That's all.
Scheme and device adapter to walker
The adapter to the walker is a trailer with a seat is made on the basis of a two-wheeled frame. His purpose is to facilitate the work with the walker, which he transforms into a device for the transport of goods, like a mini-tractor.
The adapter provides a significant reduction in the complexity of agricultural work and increases the efficiency of operation of the motor-block many times. It is worth noting that heavy adapters are of two types: long and short. They can dock to different tillers. Also known and lightweight adapter for the cutter, which is attached to one wheel of the motor tractor, as opposed to a heavy adapter.
Adapters, being the main link in the connection between the motoblock and attachments, are equipped with a seat, extended or short frame (drawbar) and hitch. Structurally, the adapter contains two coupling. One of them ensures the connection of the adapter with the motor-block, and the task of the second is the aggregation of attachments: harrows, plows, cultivators, diggers, mowers, etc. The connection of the mounted devices with the adapter is usually made with a single hitch. The mounted devices are transferred to the working position by means of a manual drive.
Today, many different types of adapters are produced, which, according to the basic features of their design, can be attributed to two main types: body (universal) adapters are suitable both for agricultural work and for cargo transportation, bodyless adapters are only for handling.
Adapters with long or short drawbars are joined to motor-blocks of various capacities. Adapters with short breathes are used only on light treadmills, and adapters with long drawbars - on heavy ones. As a rule, models of adapters are equipped with devices for adjusting the gauge, sliding drawbars, as well as drives for lowering and lifting attachments.
Adapter to the motoblock do it yourself drawing
Re-equipment of the motor-block into a mini-tractor can be accomplished by purchasing and attaching to the unit an adapter representing a trailed cart equipped with a seat. The front adapter for the tiller will facilitate the execution of agricultural work and reduce fuel costs. However, if you wish, you can make a drawing of the adapter to the tiller for making this mechanical device with your own hands, with which it will be easy to do all the agricultural work on the land plot.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that the adapter should include the frame, the wheel set, the seat and the coupling devices. If you make an adapter for the motoblock, distinguished by the reliability of the design, independently, then you can immediately sit in his seat and begin gardening works on the land plot, being absolutely sure that everything will go well.
In addition to the tiller itself in the manufacture of the adapter to it, you will need:
- two wheels,
- corner, sheet and steel pipes,
- welding machine,
- soft seat
- tools for gardening works,
- set of tools.
The process of transforming the motoblock into a mini-tractor includes the following steps:
1. The definition of the kinematic scheme of a mini-tractor.
The kinematic scheme can either be made independently, with the main attention being paid to ensuring the equilibrium of the structure so that additional loads do not occur, or to take a ready-made scheme (see the drawing below), which kinematically depicts a mini-tractor made of the Neva motoblock.
The engine of the power unit (2), which causes the front wheels (1) to rotate, transmits the torque through the chain (3) to the reverse-reducer (4), and from it by means of cardan gear (5) to the rear axle (6), resulting in rotation of the rear drive wheels (7).
- 2. Making an adapter frame to the motor block. When making the frame, it is imperative to provide for the presence of a fork with a sleeve to ensure the trailer turns.
- 3. Manufacturing of the body of the adapter to the motor block. The steel sheet will serve as a blank for the body. The body side height must be at least 30 cm.
- 4. Installing the seat. The seat is attached with bolts to the spinal beam of the adapter frame at a distance of 80-85 cm from its front end.
- 5. Installation of additional attachments (tools).
- 6. Check the performance of the finished mini-tractor.
- 7. Painting a mini-tractor.
If necessary, you can purchase and additionally install on the adapter such agricultural implements as:
snow scraper, etc.
Creating a mini-tractor with your own hands, equipped with additional mounted devices, it is possible to significantly increase the productivity of gardening works and year-round, practically without making much effort, plow, pile up or tidy up your garden plot.
General information about the tractor
Motoblock can be operated separately, as well as attach it to a variety of additional equipment, such as:
Such devices can significantly increase the possible range of work that the walk-behind tractor can handle. In addition to this, you can use a mini-tractor as a vehicle if you prepare in advance for it a special block adapter.
This device allows you to quite comfortably sit on the seat with which it is equipped, and then perform exactly the same work, but with an incomparably greater share of comfort. For example, in specialized stores you can purchase an additional block with steering control for the Neva motoblock, or you can make it yourself. Fortunately, there are enough drawing materials on the Internet, which greatly simplifies the assembly process.
We do the adapter for the motor-block by the hands
At the moment, there are several varieties of the adapter, as a rule, their designs are similar, and they are attached to the rear of the motoblock and fitted with a comfortable seat.
The adapter is made of a square metal profile, from 160 to 180 cm long. Across this profile, another one is welded, 50-60 cm in size, depending on which track you need (wheel racks are attached to it). Rack height to the wheel axis from the top to the wheel axis of the adapter can be from 25 to 40 cm, depending on the design.
Further, braces are welded to the main metal profile and wheel hubs, they also serve as ribs. Their length depends on the angle of inclination relative to the whole structure and other parameters. Then, the frame design is calculated and also welded, to which the attachment will be attached. The side guides of this design are attached to the wheel studs with bolts.
After that, a control lever having three elbows, dimensions 35, 55, 20 cm, is welded to the main frame. To increase the force applied, another lever is attached to the lever, but already dimensions 80 cm.
The seat of the adapter is mounted on a support welded to the central metal profile. As you can see, making an adapter to the motoblock with your own hands is not so difficult.
The design of the adapter to the motorblock
Adapter for motoblock, is a kind of hitch, made on the frame and having two wheels. Structurally, adapters are divided into several types, by simple, they can be simple and more complex. The main types, which are considered universal, are those that are able to carry loads and carry out tillage, and simple ones that can only carry out tillage.
For power tillers of various capacities, different adapters are used, on a small one, an adapter with a short drawbar, on a powerful one, with a long one. Also, universal adapters are equipped with additional functionality, increasing track gauge, lifting attachments, etc.
Adapter for motoblock DIY drawings and dimensions
Below are the drawings and dimensions, as well as the materials necessary for the manufacture of the adapter to the motor-block of complex construction.
What you need in the manufacture of the adapter
- Sheet metal for foot supports
- Square metal. Profile
Below is a kinetic scheme that will help ensure the balance of the structure, and avoid additional load. The drawing below shows the scheme of a mini tractor made of the Neva motoblock.
The engine of the power unit (2), which causes the front wheels (1) to rotate, transmits the torque through the chain (3) to the reverse-reducer (4), and from it by means of cardan gear (5) to the rear axle (6), resulting in rotation of the rear drive wheels (7).
- In the manufacture of the frame, you need not forget about the device bushings and forks, to ensure the free rotation of the trailer.
- The body of the adapter to the motor block, the steel sheet is also made, and the sides of the body must be at least 30 - 35 cm high.
- The seat is mounted on a beam welded to the main frame with bolts. The distance from the beginning of the frame to the seat should be 80-90 cm.
- Check the robustness of the whole mechanism
Additional drawings of a simple adapter
Below, a drawing of one of the most simple adaptive designs.
The frame, made of square shaped tube 50 * 50 mm in size and 2 mm thick, is welded:
- Footrest perpendicular to the installed pipe,
- Stand with a seat mounted on it,
- Square tube of the same section for mounting wheels,
Drawings of adapter key nodes
Coupling mechanism. It looks like a welded construction, inserted into the main frame and bolted. It consists of two pieces of square pipe welded to each other and a segment of a conventional “water” pipe with a caliber of 1 -1.5 inches.
In the pipe, not fully inserted, clamped by a bolt, a rod with a welded-on telescopic tee. The rod is greased with grease and ensures that the tee rotates along the axis in order to ensure the rolling effect when moving on uneven soil.
Wheel mount. The design consists of two pieces of pipe, welded perpendicularly. The horizontal piece is inserted into the pipe mounting and bolted. On the vertical part they fix (on bearings) the axle with the wheel.
Other adapter nodes are not so important, and we will not consider them.
Adapter for motoblock Neva
Drawings and sizes for different motoblocks may vary depending on the construct. So for the popular models of motor-blocks Neva, MTZ, OKA, self-made adapter may differ significantly.
Having made a self-made adapter to the motor-block, using with it various types of attachments, it is possible not only to facilitate the work, but also to significantly increase productivity.
Adapter for motoblock - what is it?
The adapter is a special module for riding on the motorblock. With it, you can control the sitting tractor and at the same time cultivate the ground. Adapter for such a motor tractor as the Neva, has a steering. You can do it yourself, but more on that later. Now we will consider the purpose of attachments with you.
With the help of the adapter, you will greatly simplify the use of the motoblock. You can change the nozzles for planting and hilling potatoes, plows, planers and other devices. Also, the adapter will accelerate any garden work. That is, if you use such a device, the working speed will increase from 5 to 10 km / h.
Design features of the adapter to the walk-behind tractor
The adapter to the motor-block consists from:
- driver's seat,
- pairs of wheels
- wheel axle
- devices for coupling.
Now we will tell about each component in more detail.
To create a tiller with front steering, you definitely need a frame. To her seat is attached to the driver or body. The frame is mounted on the chassis.
Wheels and wheel axle
Wheels and a wheel axis will facilitate to you work with the motor-block in a kitchen garden.
There are two types of wheels for the motorblock - metal and rubber. Metal wheels are used for high-quality work in the fields. Rubber tires are equipped with protectors that allow you to drive on a dirt road. In any case, the wheels on the adapter come bundled with a walk-behind tractor when purchased. But if you want to change them - pay attention to the type of this component and their size.
Device for mounting (hitch) with walk-behind tractor
The hitch for the motor-block Neva is made of cast iron or steel. It is performed by welding. Coupling is one of the important component nodes. It provides reliable connection of the hook-on equipment to the motor-block. The most popular is the U-shaped hitch assembly, because with this device the vehicle becomes more stable.
Independent manufacture of the adapter to the walker with their own hands: drawings and step by step instructions
Now let's talk about how to make the front adapter for the motor-block with the steering control. We will tell you about what materials you will need, as well as describe the step by step instructions for creating and assembling the unit.
What you need to create an adapter
To create an adapter with a steering wheel for a motoblock, you will need the following materials:
- A pair of wheels with an axle. The radius of the wheels varies between 15-18 inches. Even the wheels from the old Volga car may be suitable.
- Bearings for the steering column and wheels.
- Metal for the frame (angle, pipe or channel).
- Fasteners (nuts, bolts, washers).
- Lubricant (grease or lithol).
- Consumables (disks for grinders, electrodes, drills).
- Welding machine.
- Set of wrenches.
Algorithm of actions to create an adapter for the motoblock
We turn to the manufacture of the adapter to the motor block. First you need the drawings, according to which all parts will be manufactured and fastened.
You can do the drawing yourself if you have the appropriate skills. If you are afraid to make a mistake in the calculations - look for drawings on the Internet or on specialized sites. For example, according to this scheme, you can make the simplest adapter for the motorblock.
We proceed to build a mini-tractor with their own hands.
Stage 1. It all starts with the manufacture of the frame. You can make it from cut pieces of metal of the desired length. Metal can be cut with a grinder and bolted together or electric welding elements.
Stage 2. After the frame do the chassis. If the engine of your motoblock is in front, it means that the track gauge needs to be conditioned by the base wheels. Rear mounted to the frame with the axis. You can make it from a piece of pipe of the desired width. At the ends of this pipe we press-in bushings with bearings. The wheels are mounted on them.
If the engine of your motoblock is located at the back, the width of the track should be larger, otherwise the mini-tractor will not be able to balance normally during operation. In this situation, the base wheels of the motoblock are better removed and installed on a wider bridge.
Stage 3. In order to make the steering wheel to the motor block, it is not necessary to remove the additional handles from the motorcycle or car.
It is enough to use the handle of the motoblock. Thus, you can drive a mini-tractor with a steering wheel that looks like a motorcycle.
However, you can not normally pass the back. Therefore, it is better to install the steering column on the mini-tractor.
Stage 4. When using an all-metal frame, the steering will be integrated on the front axle of the motoblock.
You can make an articulated frame, then the steering column will turn to the front half of the frame completely. To do this, you need to weld a gear to the front half frame. The other gear is mounted on the steering column.
Stage 5. A seat that can be removed from a passenger car should be welded to the frame of the sled. It should be regulated, especially when driving the front adapter, which is attached to the walk-behind tractor.
Stage 6. If you plan to use a mini-tractor to work with cultivators and plows, then you need to additionally weld the bracket. To work with attachments should install an additional hydraulic system. The pump can be easily removed from agricultural machinery.
To work with semi-trailers you need to weld the tow bar from the car to the rear of the frame.
Stage 7. The hitch for the motoblock can be made by hand, we will even provide you with the necessary drawings in order to facilitate the work.
In order to make a U-shaped hitch, you need a metal channel of the correct size and thickness. Attach the hitch under the steering column motoblock. By following our drawings, you can drill holes in certain places. Through them will be mounted pin and bracket.
The front adapter on the Neva motoblock is completed. After assembly, you need to lubricate the mini-tractor and try it out. After this, the preparation of the adapter can be considered finished, and you can safely work on the motoblock.
Varieties of adapters for motoblock
Externally, the adapter looks like a two-wheeled trailer with a driver's seat. When installing such a trailer, almost all work performed is automated. The walker itself becomes almost a mini-tractor. In addition, several models have a special lever that allows you to raise and lower the seat, making work even more comfortable.
Adapters for motoblocks can be of several types. To make the unit itself, you need to decide which type will be more convenient and comfortable for the owner. Depending on the type of clutch, they come with a steering and a movable joint. Depending on how the main power plant is located, there are two types: front and rear adapters.
You can also read about how to make a trailer for the motoblock on your own.
This species is located on a rigid joint with a walk-behind tractor. The steering is represented by a separate node, with options are possible with both rear and front wheels. Motoblock becomes almost self-propelled machine, which in the management is quite simple and easy, almost no different from motorcycles or cars.
Moving articulation adapter
With a movable joint, the angle relative to the vertical axis between the adapter and the tiller changes. Making such a trailer is much easier, but making a turn will require more effort. However, this type of adapter is inferior in geometry: the turning radius, as well as its angle, is much larger.
Front and rear adapters
The name itself determines the value of the form: front - it is located in front of the tiller, rear - behind. Which one of them cannot be better defined, since everything depends on individual preferences, as well as the purpose of using the motor-block.
For loosening and digging up the section, the front adapter will be more convenient, since here, basically, the power of the tiller is needed, it’s not necessary to see the section. But for hilling beds, etc., the rear adapter will be more comfortable, since you need to carefully watch the work in progress.
It is recommended to create an adapter closer to the driving axle, since the weight of the driver will give extra weight to the walker, pressing it even more tightly to the ground. In this case, the wheels will not slip.
Scheme and design elements
As already mentioned, the adapter above is a trailer, which is located either behind the motor-block or in front. Schematically, it looks like this:
Drawing of MTZ-0.5 motoblock with homemade attachments
Adapter for motoblock provides the following basic structural elements:
- Frame - may be spinal or ladder. Sometimes you can come across an option where the frames of the unit itself and the trailer are combined into a single element. However, in this case, you must create a new pedestal for the transmission and engine.
- Suspension - axial, bridge, swivel, portal. Usually made without elastic elements.
- Portal - used only in the rear view. In the case of the front, it becomes the portal of the unit itself.
- The hitch is the most important element of the adapter, because it makes the tiller stable and ensures reliable connection. If the trailer has steering, then the hitch will be stiff; in the case of a movable joint, fasteners are created on a horizontal hinge. There is a variant of creation taking into account two degrees of freedom: twisting and turning.
- Seat - created depending on the preferences of the owner.
- Steering - applies only with a rigid coupling. You can create it yourself, or buy it in a specialty store.
Required materials and tools
To make a trailer yourself, you need the following materials and tools:
- metal corners,
- metal sheets for foot support,
- square metal profile,
- wheels (2 pieces),
- welding machine,
- other tools (saw, screwdriver, etc.).
Drawings and sizes
Simple layout example
The base of the adapter will be a square metal profile. Usually it is taken from 160 to 180 cm long. A profile smaller than 50-60 cm is attached directly to it perpendicularly (depending on the size of the desired gauge).
To the resulting design are mounted racks. As for the racks, their size is 25-40 cm. It is determined depending on the motoblock itself. Then braces are welded, the length of which is determined by the desired size of the whole structure and other parameters.
In a separate article you can find drawings carts for motoblock.
Next, a frame is created, the side guides of which are attached to the wheel posts with bolts. The frame is further attached attachments, then the control lever. It has 3 knees measuring 20, 35 and 55 cm.
To increase the mass and effort, another lever with a larger size is created - 80 cm.
Assembling adapter for motoblock
Stage 1. Creating a kinematic scheme.
From the very beginning, at the design stage, it is necessary to create a kinematic scheme in which provision should be made to ensure the balance of the entire system and prevent additional overload. In this case, it is appropriate to use ready-made options (as an example below) or create it yourself.
Simple adapter diagram
Stage 2 The creation of basic elements.
In the manufacture of frame design, it is necessary to provide a device for a plug with a sleeve. It will rotate the trailer in free form. The frame itself is created from metal corners and pipes, the body - from steel sheet. To create a wheel rack draws a scheme or taken ready.
Often, a 15 centimeter pin is used to create a drawbar. It is introduced into the hole of the drawbar of the U-shaped towbar of the motoblock.
This option quickly fails because it wears out too fast due to a freely rotating trailer, which breaks the engaging holes. It is recommended to increase the length of the U-shaped coupling for long-term use.
Stage 3 Seat installation.
The seat is fixed at a distance of 80 cm from the front edge on the frame of the adapter beam and fixed with bolts.
Often, additional elements are added to the adapter: seat adjustment, additional levers - everything here depends on the creator’s fancy, as well as on the goals and timing of the use of the tiller.
Adapter for motoblock, made by hand, will be a great helper for the gardener. It not only reduces the operating time on the motor-block, but also facilitates it and makes it more automated.
How to make an adapter to the walker with their own hands, drawings, video, photo
You can go through the least resistance and buy in the store a ready adapter for the walk-behind tractor, especially since there are a large number and variety of them, But if you have a technical creative vein, then you will not be too hard for you at the same time saving quite tangible money that you would have to pay for a ready-made adapter.
Homemade adapter for motoblock do it yourself: video, drawings, photo
Specialized equipment is an integral part of work on the site. Loosen or dig up the plot, spudding helps the motorbike. However, working with him takes a lot of time and effort.
To speed up the process of working on the unit, many gardeners buy or make a homemade adapter for the motoblock.
Most buy it in specialized stores, but if you want a unique adapter that is 100% suitable for an existing device, you need to make it yourself.
Create a homemade adapter for the motoblock with their own hands is not difficult, it takes time, desire and a small amount of money.
How to make an adapter for power tillers with your own hands?
Processing your land is very difficult. Therefore, in order to facilitate their lives, many owners get a special technique. Motoblock - one of the most popular types of vehicles.
But even he will not save if there are no additional devices. Of course, everything can be purchased in the store. But in order to save financial investments, you can make the same adapter for power tillers with your own hands.
To do this you need a little knowledge, a simple set of tools and materials.
Before asking the question of how to make an adapter for a motorblock, you need to have a clear idea of what it is. It represents a special design that allows you to ride a motor-block. Thanks to his presence, you can no longer go after the technique, but control it from behind.
The adapter does not interfere with working with other devices (plow, planter, hiller and so on). He, on the contrary, speeds up the work. At the same time, the speed of work is approximately doubled.
The adapter allows you to make a mini tractor from the motoblock. Among its main elements are:
- Rama All other parts are attached to it.
- Axle with wheels. Wheels can be metal and rubber coated. The first option is only suitable for working in the garden. The presence of a rubber tread allows you to move even on a dirt road.
- Seat for the driver. It allows you to sit comfortably during work.
To control the unit uses a special design. Depending on its design, adapters are divided into two categories:
- With the wheel, the drive of which is represented by a separate node. Between the adapter and walker organized rigid hitch.
- Management occurs by changing the angle between the adapter and the motor block. In this case, the joint is mobile.
The adapter for the motoblock with a wheel is more difficult in manufacturing. But with a movable articulation, it is much more difficult to control the technique.
When you assemble a homemade adapter for the motoblock, the drawing is simply necessary. You can draw it yourself if you have skills in this area.
If not, a suitable scheme can be selected from the existing ones. Before you start, it is better to check all the numbers specified there.
One of the options presented in the figure below.
Making the adapter begins with the preparation of the frame. To do this, the metal elements are cut by a grinder according to the dimensions indicated in the drawing. Connect the elements by welding or using bolts.
Next, proceed to the chassis. If the engine of the motoblock is located in front, then the wheels are mounted taking into account the track width of the base wheels. The wheel axle is made of metal pipe. Along the edges are mounted bushings and bearings on which the wheels are mounted.
In the case of a rear engine, the gauge should be slightly wider. Otherwise, the tiller will not be able to balance normally during operation. The best option is to install a wider bridge on the walk-behind tractor.
As a steering wheel, you can leave the handle of the motoblock. The second option is to install the steering column, taking the necessary elements from the motorcycle.
The seat can be removed from the car. And you can cook something like a shop from metal corners and attach on top of the board. In the first case, the frame must be welded to the sled.
The hydraulic system and a special bracket (for example, for working with a plow) will help to work with attachments. You may need a hitch if you plan to attach a semi-trailer.
The hitch is made according to the scheme shown in the figure below.
Selection of a suitable option
Assemble the adapter for power tillers do it yourself is easy. But for this it is necessary to choose the right equipment option. Adapters may have different designs.
In simple terms, they can be simple (for movement) and difficult (for tillage).
And there are universal, which allow and work the soil, and transport cargo.
In addition, the choice of adapter depends on the power of technology. If the walker is powerful, it will be able to work with an adapter with a long tongue. Conversely, at low power, only a short one will do.
The self-made adapter for the motorblock will be in its characteristics no worse than that purchased in the store. With his functions, he will cope perfectly well. And it will cost much cheaper than the factory.
How to make an adapter to the motoblock?
- Varieties of adapters for motobloki
- How to assemble an adapter for motorblock: recommendations
- Extra points
Owners of private sites often face the need to purchase specialized equipment.
The land requires constant care for themselves, and this is loosening, and plowing, and hilling beds. If all these procedures are done manually, then it will take a lot of time and effort to do everything qualitatively. But how can a pensioner cope with such work? It was for this purpose that motorblocks were developed. With it, any work on the cultivation of land becomes much easier. And then there is the next nuance - the adapter. This is a special attachment that helps to carry out all processes. The hinged adapter to the motor-block facilitates and simplifies work on land cultivation. But if you purchase a walk-behind tractor with a ready-made trolley design with a seat, it will be quite expensive. Therefore, you should think about how to make the adapter to the walk-behind tractor itself, because it does not pose any particular difficulty. Such attachments help to turn the walker into a kind of mini-tractor. It connects the tool and all additional elements: a nozzle for landing, hilling, flat cutter, plow, etc. If you install the adapter to the tiller, then all landscape gardening and gardening work is greatly simplified, as are automated. It also helps to increase the working speed up to 10 km / h. The design of the adapter has the appearance of the back of the cart with a seat. The attachment wheel. Some models may have a special lever for lifting. It contributes to a more comfortable control mechanism. If necessary, the tiller can be used to transport small loads. Depending on the purpose for which the technique will be used, the drawbar can be elongated or shortened. In the first case, they are used for more dimensional machines, and in the second - for lighter structures. In more advanced models, the drawbar can be of telescopic type, in addition, they have the ability to adjust the gauge width. To connect the adapter to the motor block, a single enlarged hitch is used, consisting of 2 parts: the first is a link and the second acts as a regulator. If there is a need to equip the unit with several tools at the same time, then use a double universal hitch. Drawing adapter to the walk-behind tractor. You can perform a more complex construction or simplified. Below are both options. For the simplest version of the adapter will need:
Varieties of adapters for motobloki
If all these procedures are done manually, then it will take a lot of time and effort to do everything qualitatively.
But how can a pensioner cope with such work? It was for this purpose that motorblocks were developed. With it, any work on the cultivation of land becomes much easier. And then there is the next nuance - the adapter. This is a special attachment that helps to carry out all processes.
The hinged adapter to the motor-block facilitates and simplifies work on land cultivation.
But if you purchase a walk-behind tractor with a ready-made trolley design with a seat, it will be quite expensive. Therefore, you should think about how to make the adapter to the walk-behind tractor itself, because it does not pose any particular difficulty.
Such attachments help to turn the walker into a kind of mini-tractor.
It connects the tool and all additional elements: a nozzle for landing, hilling, flat cutter, plow, etc.
If you install the adapter to the tiller, then all landscape gardening and gardening work is greatly simplified, as are automated. It also helps to increase the working speed up to 10 km / h.
The design of the adapter has the appearance of the back of the cart with a seat.
The attachment wheel.
Some models may have a special lever for lifting. It contributes to a more comfortable control mechanism. If necessary, the tiller can be used to transport small loads.
Depending on the purpose for which the technique will be used, the drawbar can be elongated or shortened.
In the first case, they are used for more dimensional machines, and in the second - for lighter structures.
In more advanced models, the drawbar can be of telescopic type, in addition, they have the ability to adjust the gauge width.
To connect the adapter to the motor block, a single enlarged hitch is used, consisting of 2 parts: the first is a link and the second acts as a regulator. If there is a need to equip the unit with several tools at the same time, then use a double universal hitch.
Drawing adapter to the walk-behind tractor.
You can perform a more complex construction or simplified. Below are both options.
For the simplest version of the adapter will need:
The assembly step is as follows:
The main elements of the adapter.
- First of all, the pipe is cut into sections of 1.7 and 0.5 m. By the end of a longer pipe, a short one is strictly perpendicularly welded. It will be the base for mounting wheel racks. Immediately it is necessary to make marks of 30 cm, which will indicate the height of the uprights from the axis.
- Next, the wheels are mounted on the hubs, which are made, if necessary, using a lathe. So as not to buy new wheels, you can use the old, from the garden cart. The bearings are first fastened to the bushings, and then welded by bracing the braces onto the central tube and bushings. The length should be oriented to the angle of inclination relative to the structure itself.
- The frame is manufactured in dimensions of 40x40 cm, but if necessary these dimensions can be increased or decreased. For the organization of attachments, a channel bar is attached to the rear end of the frame by welding. The side pipes of the structure are bolted together. On the frame should also be installed lever. It can have three “knee” lengths: 0.2, 0.3, and 0.5 m. To increase the adjustment force, an additional lever (length 75 cm) should be installed.
- Often, coupling units are bought in stores. But here it is immediately worth noting that this element must be of high quality. Therefore, if you plan to do it yourself, then this quality is given special attention.
- The seat is attached to the metal support, which must be welded to the base of the frame, that is, the central tube.
You can use a more complex option. In order to make an adapter for a motorblock of this design, you should prepare:
- steel pipes
- sheet steel
- wheel - 2 pcs.,
- welding machine.
The device mechanism for coupling the adapter.
This adapter for the tiller will be more versatile, unlike the first model.
In this case, the equipment will be used not only for tillage, but also for the transportation of cargo. Additionally, plows, harrows, hillers, etc. can be used.
In addition, in winter, you can equip the motoblock with a scraper to remove the snow.
In this design, the main elements are the rim, wheels, seat and coupling devices.
- The first step is to create a kinematic scheme. This is done in order to calculate all the loads evenly. You can also use ready-made drawings.
- Working on the frame, you should remember about the arrangement of the plug with the sleeve. They provide free trailer turning. The steel sheet is used for the body, the height of the sides of which is not less than 0.3 m. The hub itself looks like this: an iron pin of 0.15 m is inserted into the aperture of the drawbar, which has the shape of the letter “P”. But here it should immediately be noted that this option wears out quickly, because due to the constant rotation of the trailer, the coupling holes quickly become unusable. Therefore, experts recommend a U-like chain to lengthen.
- The seat is mounted at a distance of 0.8 m from the front end of the frame. This process is carried out through bolts.
As is clear from the foregoing, there is no particular difficulty in creating an adapter for the motoblock.
Therefore, there is no need to overpay when buying such equipment, when everything can be done by hand.
All components can be purchased at the store, or they can be found in the arsenal of any summer resident. Well, in extreme cases, tools can be borrowed from a neighbor.
Purpose of the device
about homemade adapter for motoblock
Motoblock is a kind of agricultural machinery and is used for work on plowing the soil, its harrowing and cultivation.
The main advantages of the unit are its mobility and versatility. Different versions of the nozzles allow you to use the motoblock for a wide range of suburban work, regardless of the season - for example, in the winter it will be useful to you for cleaning the snow on the site.
The most significant drawback of tillers in the base set - they need to be led along the bed like a horse. That is why many craftsmen improve two-wheeled assistant, making for him an adapter. Such an upgrade allows the motorblock to transform into a mini-version of the tractor.
The plot of the adapter to the walker with your own hands
- Body tipper
For the body, you can use any box, but it is better to use a cart (wheelbarrow), which many gardeners have. By the way (this was written above), its wheels are ideal for the adapter. The body installation procedure is as follows:
- Extend the frame with the rear axle.
- Combine the eyes of the garden wheelbarrow and retractable frame.
- Insert the pins.
- The handle of the trolley is installed on the appropriate support and fixed with a special lock.
The tipper works as follows:
- Constipation opens.
- Spring is working.
- The car overturns.
- Dozer blade
Units of high and medium power can be used for dozer works (clean the walkways and sidewalks from heavy snow or dirt, level the ground).
- The bracket for fixing the dozer blade is mounted directly on the paws of the engine of the unit (near the block support) and fixed with appropriate bolts.
- The brackets screw (bolt + counter washer + thumb nut) rods 40 - 55 cm (depends on the location of the paws of the engine of a particular unit), made from 5 cm. Corners.
The blade is welded or riveted from 1-2 mm of tin. The main part (the body of the blade) is bent at an angle of 90 degrees. Four triangular pillars are welded on or glued to it from the inside, performing two functions:
- Additional cutting surfaces.
- Stiffening rib.
In the racks drilled holes for connection to the rods. It should be borne in mind that the dozer blade must be installed vertically with respect to the ground and parallel to the front end of the unit.
The lower part of the blade is sheathed with thin tin, so that it does not go into the ground. A steel knife 10 cm wide is attached to it. For unloading the brackets to the unit, there are two rods (on the springs), which automatically raise the blade at the end of the work.
- Hinged rake
Home-made rakes are made from a corner with a width of 60 mm, to which the steel teeth of the rake are welded. The teeth are made of 10 mm rod, bent for rigidity and sharpened.
- A triangular bracket of 40 mm steel strips 4 mm thick is welded to the corner (on the sides).
- On this bracket, a plate is welded on top for fastening the riser (a square of 3 mm steel 10X10 cm).
- The riser is made of a simple or shaped tube 180 mm long. The remaining dimensions of the riser should correspond to the size of the hole for fixing the tool.
It is necessary to use such a rake without using an adapter. If you want to work with them on the adapter, you will have to develop and install a rake raising device.
Material updated 02/16/2017
Adapter for motoblock do-it-yourself, drawings and dimensions, examples of manufacturing
The advantages of the tiller, such as low cost and simplicity of design - have the opposite side of the coin. You have to follow him like a horse. With large amounts of work it is tiring.
Therefore, many owners of this device, acquire or manufacture their own adapter for the motor-block with steering. This simple device transforms a two-wheeled assistant into a real mini tractor.
Since the article is not an advertisement for manufacturers of such devices, we will consider homemade adapters for walking tractors. First you need to understand what is a construction.
At first glance, this is a complex engineering project that cannot be implemented at home. In fact, the technique is very simple both in operation and in manufacture.
The adapter to the walker tractor is an addition to the unit that has its own wheel axle. When you connect it with a traction device, you get a full four-wheel vehicle. Often the question arises: I made a homemade adapter, how do I register with the traffic police? It's impossible. Important! On such self-propelled vehicles it is prohibited to drive on public roads. If you need to overcome a long distance to the place of work - use a trailer carriage for transportation of the motor-block. The problem is that the motoblock lacks elementary security systems. Therefore, it is not a vehicle, in fact. Moreover, an open structure (all mechanisms, including rotating ones are a source of danger), in principle, will not pass certification as a means of transportation. The same applies to factory adapters. Conceptually, there are two types of design: In this case, the adapter is rigidly articulated with the motor block and the steering gear is implemented as a separate unit. Driving a pair of wheels can be both in front and behind. The user himself chooses the design, based on the availability of spare parts and features of use. Driving such a self-propelled tractor is no more difficult than a car or an ATV,
When you connect it with a traction device, you get a full four-wheel vehicle.
Often the question arises: I made a homemade adapter, how do I register with the traffic police? It's impossible.
Important! On such self-propelled vehicles it is prohibited to drive on public roads. If you need to overcome a long distance to the place of work - use a trailer carriage for transportation of the motor-block.
The problem is that the motoblock lacks elementary security systems. Therefore, it is not a vehicle, in fact.
Moreover, an open structure (all mechanisms, including rotating ones are a source of danger), in principle, will not pass certification as a means of transportation.
The same applies to factory adapters.
Conceptually, there are two types of design:
In this case, the adapter is rigidly articulated with the motor block and the steering gear is implemented as a separate unit.
Driving a pair of wheels can be both in front and behind. The user himself chooses the design, based on the availability of spare parts and features of use. Driving such a self-propelled tractor is no more difficult than a car or an ATV,
The design is much simpler to manufacture, but it takes more effort to turn. And the geometry is somewhat worse.
The angle and turning radius do not hold water.
Depending on the location relative to the power plant with drive wheels, there is an adapter front or rear.
Tip! From the point of view of the implementation of the traction, it is preferable to have the driver sit as close as possible to the driving axle. Then its weight additionally presses the wheels to the ground, excluding wheel slip.
Ladder or spinal. There are options for combining the frame motoblock and adapter. In this case, the design is calculated as a single element, with a newly made pedestal for the engine and transmission.
As a rule, without elastic elements. Large selection of designs - pavement, axial, portal, swivel.
Portal for attachments.
It is made with the rear location of the adapter. At the front, the motoblock portal is used. Possible attachment option blade.
The most crucial element of the design. It must provide a reliable connection with the walking tractor and the stability of the vehicle.
In the presence of steering - the hitch is rigid, if the turn is carried out by changing the angle of the articulation - mounted on a horizontal hinge.
It can be performed with two degrees of freedom: twist and turn.
It is built taking into account safety when moving, it can be equipped with duplicate controls of the motor-block.
Steering (in the case of a rigid coupling).
You can take the finished, for example from the VAZ classics. You can make yourself. Taking into account the peculiarities of movement, a homemade adapter with a steering wheel does not necessarily have to meet any control safety requirements.
How to make an adapter do it yourself without steering
Swivel design that acts as a steering. The driver is placed on the adapter, turns are carried out by changing the hitch angle.
For the manufacture will need:
- 30ft thickening of the tube, or a little more, depending on the power of your motoblock,
- Channel of the same size
- A pipe with thick walls, and preferably a steel circle with a diameter of 30-40 mm, in which holes for the coupling device will be drilled on the lathe,
- Steel rods of different sizes, for the coupling device - from hardened steel,
- A pair of wheels with bearing axles or hubs
- Bolts, nuts in assortment,
- Ready seat, for example from a city bus. Or material for its manufacture - dermantin, boards,
- Welding machine (it is better to use electric welding),
- Bulgarian, powerful drill or drilling machine,
- Lathe, or the ability to order lathe work,
- Primer paint.
The dimensions of the adapter for the motoblock are selected based on the needs of the device. There are no special conditions for observing symmetry, the length of an improvised device may exceed the dimensions of the motor-block.
Before starting work, you should complete the drawing adapter.
The frame can be higher or lower than the axis of the motoblock, it is not scary. The main thing - to ensure the horizontal design. Council If possible, place the landing site as low as possible for stability.
The wheels do not have to be located on the axle, the best option is a portal suspension, it will provide sufficient clearance. Elastic elements are not installed, so it is better to choose tires with a high profile, for depreciation. Track the alignment of the wheels and the parallelism of their installation.
How to weld the adapter without the use of factory equipment? If you do not have conductors to properly fix the frame elements relative to each other, use any smooth surface. For example - a sheet of chipboard.
On it are laid out the structural elements, and welding is performed in the same plane. Then the frame is turned 180 °, and the second side is welded. Then you can finish the side seams.
Important! Grinding of welded joints is made after all the seams are ready and tested.
The most important part is the hitch. This is a hinge operating in two planes. The vertical axis is for turning, the horizontal axis is for preventing diagonal hanging on rough terrain.
Difficult construction on bearings is not necessary, but it is harder to make than to make a front adapter with a rigid coupling. Sleeves should be with minimal backlash, they must be regularly lubricated.
The seat is placed so that at any angle of the steering wheel, your back does not come off the back.
Remote controls are not required, they are equipped with only an adapter with a steering wheel for a motor-block, where the power plant is located behind the driver.
Can be placed on the side of the seat, control levers of various devices for tillage.
On the rear crossmember frame is a bracket for attachments. Since you are sitting back to them - management will be difficult.
This problem is solved by upgrading your hiller or plow.
It is necessary to add a few tolls, and make a device to change the height of the working tool.
Still want to make an adapter for the motoblock with your own hands? To help you a detailed video with examples of manufacturing.
By design, the 4 × 4 adapter, which is designed for the Neva motoblock, is a fairly simple device. It includes several fundamental parts:
- frame structure on which other component devices can be installed,
- driver's seat
- wheelbase, including the wheel axle,
- mechanism for connecting the tiller including.
In other words, the adapter is an ordinary carriage with a seat, which is connected to the walk-behind tractor.
Motor-blocks happen different brands and designs. Russian users are known, for example: Cayman, Foreman, Viking, Crosser, Texas, Patriot and others. After coupling the motoblock and the adapter, the resulting device can be compared with the mini-tractor in terms of functionality, however, this comparison is somewhat arbitrary, since the power will remain the same, because the engine is still alone, and it is from the motoblock.
Moreover, ancillary attachments can be attached to the adapter, which will further expand the potential list of jobs. Some types of adapters are equipped with special sections where you can place any goods. There are also models that are equipped with a lifting lever, greatly simplifying the work with an additional device.
Adapter for motor blocks
Most often in the adapter there are two hitch - attached attachment equipment is attached to one, and the second gives the opportunity to attach it to the motor-block. For example, you can connect the following additional elements to the adapter:
- harrow and other devices.
The pair of wheels and the axle in the adapter are fairly strong structures that allow the motoblock to be operated even on the most difficult pieces of land, as well as for the transportation of fairly heavy loads. It is important to understand that the transportation of goods on public roads on such a unit is prohibited, for this reason they are used only in rural areas. However, despite a certain constructive similarity among themselves all adapters, they are endowed with some significant differences.
For example, there are rear steering adapters, all-wheel drive adapters and front units available for sale.
Such devices make it possible to rebuild the motoblock into a full mini-tractor, the only difference, as already mentioned, is to preserve the power used in the engine unit. It is attached to the walker by means of a hitch, which is placed in front of the adapter. Such a unit is perfect for motor engines like Sadko, Don, Plowman, Forza, Huter, Champion, Pro.
In particular, such an adapter includes: steering, wheelset, clutch, brake and gas pedal, driver's seat, frame structure.
Behind such an adapter is a special lifting mechanism, to which it is possible to connect additional towing and attachments.
As for the specific steering adapter for the Neva motoblock, which usually costs about 45 thousand rubles, it has the following technical characteristics:
- wheel track - 60 cm,
- total weight - 105 kg
- ground clearance - 35 cm
- speed indicators - about 15 km / h.
Structurally, it is similar to the previous type of adapter, but at the same time it has a hitch mechanism behind it. This means that we get a full-fledged front adapter for the Neva brand tiller. The presented construction is completely disassembled, which greatly simplifies its subsequent transportation. Naturally, the cost of any additions to the unit is formed separately.
Technical characteristics of the front adapter:
- length - 190 cm,
- width - 81 cm
- height - 140 cm,
- ground clearance - 30 cm
- wheel track - 75 cm,
- speed indicators - approx. 10 km / h
- total weight - 65 kg.
The cost of such a device is approximately 27 thousand rubles.
How to make your own hands
Of course, the acquisition of the adapter to the walk-behind tractor, ready for work - this is the best and easiest way out of the situation. For all that, they are really quite a lot, so not every farmer or just a summer resident is ready to afford to buy them. It is not surprising why many are wondering how to make the adapter personally.
This, of course, is possible, and quite a lot of recommendations can be found online that concern the self-production of adapters. Moreover, there are many drawings that make it possible to consider this device more clearly and in detail.
Using them, it is possible to create such a unit in the domestic environment, using a minimum of tools and materials. For the production of a homemade adapter will require:
- welding machine,
- pair of wheels,
- steel corners and sheets,
- driver's seat
- hardware connections, iron pipes.
Before work begins on the manufacture of the device, it is necessary to at least consider the finished circuit as a whole. It should take into account and indicate the load for different parts of the frame and the overall dimensions of the device. Now you can go directly to the production of structures.
All work will consist of several steps:
- We take a square metal profile, about 1800 mm long. We weld the same iron flap across it, only of a smaller size - about 600 mm. Wheel racks, which height should be about 300 mm, will be fixed to this profile sheet in the future.
- After that, you need to attach the braces. Attach them to the center frame and the wheels. The angle of the wheel hubs relative to the frame is allowed any, what you want. The beam is additionally welded to the metal profile. It is necessary to strengthen the frame.
- The frame for additional equipment is welded from channel number 10.
- It is combined with the wheel axle by means of a square tube piece, and the seams are welded with a welding machine.
- Now we weld the control lever to the frame with three elbows (200, 350 550 and millimeters).
- Fasten to the lever one more (size 800 mm), it will adjust the force.
- The levers are interconnected by ordinary bolts.
The first stage is over. We proceed to the following.
Work with adapter construction
Now starts working with the adapter. To do this, perform the following actions:
- It is necessary to weld a piece of 300-millimeter pipe to the central frame - this will be the stand for the driver's seat.
- From above, perpendicular to this stand, we weld 2 pieces of pipe in the same way. This is required so that the seat does not come off during work and is more stable during shaking during work. The seat can be ready, but you can make it yourself from a piece of plywood and foam rubber, this is at the discretion of the master.
- The seat is fixed to the transverse pieces of pipe that are welded to the stand itself, as well as to the stand under the seat. In the role of the fastener used ordinary bolts.
- Weld the front hitch mechanism with a walk-behind tractor, after which the work can be considered finished.
As you can see, this is a fairly simple matter. The main difficulty lies only in the need to have at least initial skills in working with a welding machine, since there is simply no other method for connecting each component.
The adapter allows you to increase the efficiency of the use of the tiller: changing nozzles, you can fully mechanize the process of planting and grooming potatoes, transport goods, if there is a body, mow the grass, provide lawn mowing and trenching, pump water.
Types of adapters for motoblock
The adapter looks like a trailer with two wheels and a driver's seat. This design allows you to automate and facilitate all workflows. If you want to make an adapter to the walker with your own hands, first the owner should determine the optimal choice of one of the existing types of devices. The device, depending on the type of transmission, may be articulated:
- The location of the main power unit allows you to make the adapter: front or rear.
Motorblocks can be divided into two classes:
- light, engine power up to 6.5 hp,
- heavy - over 7 hp
The weight of the tillers, regardless of belonging to the class, is not less than 60 kg and can reach up to 300 kg.
Standard sizes include the following parameters:
- length - 174 cm
- width - 65 cm
- height - 130 cm,
- rut - 32 cm
- ground clearance - 14 cm
- the smallest turning radius is 110 cm.
To design a homemade adapter to the motoblock, special education is not required, it is enough: to rely on the recommendations of professionals and drawings, and have the skills of welding
Necessary tools and materials for work
All crawled materials and tools that have a low cost, you can easily buy in the building shopping centers. To make the work on the manufacture of the adapter efficient and continuous, you must first prepare everything you need:
- a pair of wheels with the axle on which they are mounted,
- a chair ready or for its manufacture: frame, cladding material and filler,
- metal profile for frame, corner,
- steel circle with holes for the manufacture of the coupling device
- bearings for axle maintenance,
- lubricants, primers, paints,
- welding machine,
- lathe, grinder and drill.
The main elements of the design:
- portal for the rear adapter,
In order for the minitractor to serve for many years, it is recommended to observe the operating rules, which are as follows:
- monitor fuel quality.
- to control the direction of the knives when installing canopies for cultivation.
- close the air supply when the cooled device is started up.
- limit the speed when warming up the motor.
To facilitate laborious work processing agricultural land, doing lawn trimming or snow removal will allow the motoblock to be controlled using an adapter.