Crop production

Lantana: home care for a plant with color-changing flowers

Since in wild conditions this flower prefers sunny places, it also needs a large amount of light in apartment conditions. So, in the cold season it is recommended that lantana be put on the window sill of a window located in the southern part of the room, and with the onset of spring warm days it should be moved to the street. In the case when the transfer to the fresh air is impossible, the plant for the summer is required to be rearranged to the east or west window, and the room must be systematically aired.

Temperature conditions

In the cold season it should be placed in a rather cool room (from 7 to 10 degrees). In spring and summer, the plant requires heat (approximately, 20-25 degrees). For wintering it can be placed in a winter garden or a cool greenhouse.

He feels fine with low air humidity, but experts advise spraying lanthanum as often as possible.

How to water

In the warm season, abundant watering, and in the cold - moderate. It is impossible to transfuse both the plant and prevent overdrying the earthy coma (it provokes abscission of foliage). A large flower with lush leaf mass requires more abundant watering. During the cold wintering ground need only a little wet.

Ground mixture

There are no special requirements for the soil, but too fertile substrate provokes the growth of foliage, but flowering will be scarce. For planting is suitable a ground mix consisting of garden soil, sand and leaf humus.

During the growing season, lanthanum is fed 2 times a month. For this purpose, a weak solution of a complete complex fertilizer for flowering plants is used. In winter, fertilizing is not performed.

Transplant features

Transplantation is carried out once a year in January or February (almost at the very end of the dormant period). Do not forget about good drainage. Often the plant is not transplanted, and cuttings are cut from it, which are then rooted.

Since the appearance of inflorescences occurs only on young shoots, then in the last winter weeks it is necessary to cut off old and damaged branches. The remaining shoots should be shortened by 1/3 part.

Breeding methods

For reproduction using cuttings or seeds.

In the store you can buy seeds of various varieties. Sowing is done in February using loose and light soil. Place in heat (at least 20 degrees). With the emergence of shoots requires a cool, in order to avoid pulling the plants. Emerging seedlings should dive into small cups.

Cuttings from the mother plant cut off the semi-woody and better “with the heel”. Their length should be about 10 centimeters. For rooting, they put it in a mixture of sand and peat, taken in a ratio of 1: 1 and put in a cool place (from 16 to 18 degrees). Before planting, the tip of the cutting is recommended to dip into a drug that stimulates root growth. After full rooting, young seedlings are transplanted into separate flower pots.

Amazing lantana

Rod Lantana or in Latin Lantana, which includes about 150 species, comes from the verben family. Tropical America is rightly considered the birthplace of lanthanum, from where it spread throughout the world.

In a temperate climate, lanthanum grows, but does not withstand winter. Interestingly, this plant tends to grow, crowding out "neighbors".

Lantana is rightfully recognized as one of most ornamental plants for home or garden.

Unpretentiousness and ability to adapt even to the poor land made this plant favorite of many flower growers. Young lantana blooms more abundantly and longer than adults.

The most common type, called lanthanum prickly or Lantana camara. In room conditions, the plant reaches half a meter in height.

Lantana prickly differs covered small spines stem, dark green toothed leaves and white pubescence on the underside of the leaf.

With age, lanthanum grows, and its the stems turn wood. This allows you to form a plant in the form of a bush or a stem tree.

Plant inherent pink, yellow, carmine-red and even purple hues. Colors replace each other, and at some point the inflorescence is colored in all colors at once. Flowering occurs from May to August.

There are several popular varieties of lanthanum prickly:

  • Goldensonne - golden flowers,
  • Cocktail - inflorescences of brick-red and orange shades,
  • Naida - white flowers with a yellow eye,
  • Aloha - Golden inflorescences,
  • Sunkiss - brick-red and orange flowers,
  • Schneewittchen - white flowers with a yellow eye,
  • White dwarf - white inflorescences,
  • Samanta - lemon yellow inflorescences.

A rarer, but no less beautiful view is lantana montevidea or in Latin Lantana montevidensis with flexible shoots. It is great for ampel growing.

The leaves of this plant are slightly smaller in size, and the inflorescences are painted in lilac-pink or purple shades. Flowering occurs from june to november

Selection and lighting

Lantana is very big lover of light. She needs at least 3 hours a day in direct sunlight on the south window.

Plant tolerates well and partial shade, but in this case not so plentiful blooms. In the warm season it is advisable to place lantana on the balcony, veranda, and best of all in the garden.

Optimal temperature the content of the flower in the summer - from 16 to 24 ° C. In winter, lanthanum is best placed in a cool room with a temperature of around 10 ° C.

Watering and moisture

Water the lanthanum need regularlyso that the soil always remains slightly wet. From the drying of the soil the plant can reset the inflorescences and even refuse to bloom.

In the cold season watering is reduced and the soil is only slightly moistened.

Lantana tolerates moderate humidity quite well, but regular spraying will only benefit her. In addition, water treatments will protect the plant from dangerous pests.

Soil for lanthanum should choose nutritious and loose, so that it is well missed water and air. Ready mix for flowering houseplants.

But the best thing to make an earthen mixture yourself. To do this, mix:

  • 1 part of coarse river sand,
  • 3 pieces of turf land,
  • 1 part of humus earth,
  • 4 pieces of leafy ground.

Transplanted plant annually in spring. It is advisable to take the pot 1–3 cm more than before: the lanthanum roots are small and weakly branched. Do not forget about the layer of drainage at the bottom of the pot.

During the period of active growth and flowering, it is recommended to feed lanthanum with complex fertilizer for flowering plants once a month.

All information about the reproduction of ficuses at home can be found in our material.

Our article will tell you about the secrets of planting and caring for common turquoise.

Crown formation

Trimming and Pinching lanthanes allow you to form it in the form of a lush bush, stem tree or ampelous plant.

The best thing begin pruning in the spring after a period of rest, reducing the shoots by two thirds. With proper pruning, lantana shrub is covered with a solid hat of bright inflorescences. Withered flowers should be removed in time.

Reproduction of lanthanum

Lantana propagates in two ways:

  • Seeds. In early March, the seeds of lanthanum should be planted in a wet peat-sand mixture, slightly pressing them into the soil. Capacity with seeds is placed on a bright window with a temperature of not more than 20 °C. The first shoots usually appear within two weeks. After the seedlings reach 10 cm in height, you can pick them in separate pots, and lower the temperature to 15 ° C. it will help to avoid pulling seedlings.
  • Cuttings. During spring pruning, it is necessary to cut the cuttings from 8 to 10 cm long, clean them from the lower leaves and moisten the tips of the cuttings with a growth stimulator. Root them should be in a wet mixture of equal parts of sand and peat in a closed "greenhouse", airing every day. After 3 weeks, the shelter must be removed by placing the container in a bright place. For better branching regularly pinch the tops of young plants.
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Due to dry air or improper care, lanthanum can suffer from:

Pest control Various insecticides are used, which are applied for 1 to 2 weeks every 2 or 3 days.

Diseases and Frequent Problems

Lantana can get sick rust - this is lethargy and leaf spot due to high humidity. The solution is to reduce moisture, remove diseased leaves and use fungicides. Prevention - regular soil loosening.

Common plant problems:

  • Yellow spots on the leaves - spider mite attack. The solution is to increase the humidity of the air or use an insecticide.
  • The plant sheds leaves for the winter. - a natural process.
  • Plant dying off - attack aphids. The solution is spraying with soapy solution with alcohol or using an insecticide.

Description, types, recommendations for the care of lanthanum and reproduction from seed at home, see the video:

Admire the variety of colors and varieties of lanthanum in the video below:

As you can see, to care for the original and beautiful lanthanum is not difficult. Give her a little attention and care - and an unusual and bright plant will give you his colorful flowers and wonderful aroma.

Plant description

Lanthanum is a perennial plant of the verbenum family. Its homeland is South Africa and the tropics of America.

The stem is straight, covered with spines. The height of the home plant is 30–40 cm, in nature it grows up to 1.5 m. The leaves are located opposite each other, pointed to the edge. The bottom of the sheet is pubescent.

Numerous flowers of lanthanum are collected in spherical inflorescences

There is a feature of the plant - during the flowering period, flowers change shades. Lanthanum blooms from May to September. In place of flowers, fruits are formed - fleshy berries with 2 seeds.

Numerous small tubular flowers are collected in spherical inflorescences with a diameter of about 5 cm.

The shades of lantana flowers stagger the imagination with their palette of colors - orange, yellow, pink, red, purple.

In the care of the plant is unpretentious, but it should be remembered that the lanthanum is poisonous.

Types of lanthanum

The genus Lantana includes 150 species of plants, but only 2 of them are grown for decorative purposes.

  1. Montevideo (Selloviana). Thanks to creeping stems, this species can be grown in hanging pots. Flowers, compared with lanthanum prickly, smaller, purple and pink-lilac flowers. Flowering continues until November.
  2. Lantana camara (or prickly). Flowers change: yellow and pink turn into red or orange. Blossoms until August. The stem is prickly, the leaves are oval, dark green.
  3. Lantana Camara Hybrids:
    • Bandana Pink. The highest among the varieties.
    • Calippo Gold. Fluffy bush with bright yellow flowers.
    • Hybrid Quite tall bush (up to 80 cm), shriveled leaves, four-stalk stems. The flowers are yellow, by the end of flowering red-orange.
    • Tropic Lantanas Tukan. Blooms yellow-white flowers.
    • White Dwarf. Flowers remain white throughout flowering.
    • Calippo Tutti Frutti. Flowers change color from yellow-orange to pink-purple.
    • Flamingo. Compact plant with pink and white flowers.
    • Orange. As the name implies, it blooms with orange flowers.

Photo gallery: types of lantana for decorative growing

Thanks to the flexible stems, lantana can be grown as an ampelous plant. Lantana flowers are montevideal flowers smaller than lantana flowers. Carama. from yellow-orange to pink-purple. Hybrid lanthanum grows up to 80 cm. The highest lanthanum of all is lanthanum Bandana Pink.

Table: living conditions for different seasons

For lanthanum need loose soil with good air and water permeability. For self-preparation of the mixture, you will need to use garden and leaf soil, coarse sand or perlite (all in equal shares). And also you need to add peat (30% of the total mass), which will hold water.

Too spacious pot is not required, since a small space for the root system stimulates the flowering of the plant.

It is best to take a light-colored ceramic pot 1–3 cm more than the previous one. Lantana spends some time in the sun, so it is important that the pot does not allow overheating.

Drainage is required at the bottom of the tank. It is recommended to transplant lanthanum every year in April.

For lanthanum do not need too spacious pot

Transplanting process

  1. Fill the new pot with a drain of 3-4 cm.
  2. Remove the plant along with the earthy ball. Lightly shake off.
  3. Place lanthanum in a new container, sprinkle with soil. When planting, the plant must be placed in a pot so that the top of the ground is flush with the root neck.
  4. The soil around the roots must be compacted.

Care for lanthanum, as for all indoor plants, is in the proper watering, timely feeding, pruning.

Watering and feeding

In irrigation, it is important to comply with the measure - as waterlogging, and drying is harmful. In the summer, lanthanum should be watered every 3-5 days. Land in a pot should be all the time wet.

In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time in 1.5-2 weeks. The top layer of land between watering should dry out a bit.

Lantana is fed with a special fertilizer for flowering houseplants

During growth and flowering (spring - summer), lanthanum is fed once every 2 weeks with a special fertilizer for flowering plants. Land during feeding should be well hydrated.

You can also use organic matter (alternating it with mineral compounds) - for example, a mullein infusion (1:10).

When buds appear, 30 g of superphosphate (previously dissolved in hot water) per 10 liters of water is added to the fertilizer.

Fertilizer with a high nitrogen content will lead to the fact that the plant will thrive and will not bloom.

Flowering period

The flowering of lanthanum begins in May, lasts several months. Beautiful globular inflorescences attract attention. Flowers of one inflorescence can be painted in different shades.

The flowering of lanthanum begins in May, continues throughout the summer.

Flowers bloom pruned, preventing the formation of fruits that weaken flowering.

Rest period

Ensuring a rest period for lantana is the key to good flowering next season. The temperature of the room where lanthanum winters should be within 8-10 ° C. Watering is reduced, feeding stops. If lanthanum at the same time drops part of the foliage, do not worry. The rest period lasts from November to February.

For the formation of a beautiful neat crown plant pruned in the spring, after the rest period. Also pruning stimulates flowering.

Shoots are cut with sharp disinfected scissors by about a third. After this, new branches begin to actively form.

Depending on the wishes of the host, lanthanum can become a bush, a standard tree or an ampelous plant.

Formation of lanthanum on the shtambe

  1. It is necessary to choose straight-growing young lanthanum with a strong stalk.
  2. Remove all side shoots, leaving only the top.
  3. Install a support (for example, a bamboo or wooden peg) and attach a plant to it.

This is to ensure that the trunk remains straight. When lanthanum grows to the desired height, the top of the stem should be trimmed. Support can be changed to even higher.

As a result of lantana pruning, you can get a stem tree.

Cuttings

  1. Cut cuttings (8–10 cm) from an adult plant. As a rule, for breeding, twigs obtained as a result of pruning at the end of February are used.

Lantana cutting height - 10 cm

  • Treat the cutting with heteroauxin.
  • Plant cuttings under an inclination into a moistened mixture of peat and perlite.
  • Capacity with cuttings covered with foil (required temperature - 24 ° C).
  • With the appearance of new axillary leaves, you can gradually begin hardening and airing of seedlings. It is necessary every day to briefly open the film, not forgetting to wipe it dry.
  • A month after hardening, the cuttings are transplanted in separate pots with the usual for lanthanum primer.

    Lanthanum cuttings planted in the ground

    Seed propagation

    Lanthanum seeds can be purchased at flower shops.

      In early spring, sow the seeds, deepening them by 0.5 cm in a loose substrate.

    Lantana seeds are planted at the end of winter

  • Put in a bright place, maintain a temperature of 20 ° C.
  • Shoots will appear in 1-2 weeks.
  • With a growth of 10 cm saplings swoop down, seated in separate pots.

    With a growth of 10 cm, the shoots of lanthanum dive

  • The temperature of the room is gradually reduced to 14 ° C (if this is not done, the seedlings will stretch out).
  • Reviews of growing lanthanum

    I brought my lanthanum from Turkey, where they grow on the streets in large bushes. For rooting, I cut off half-woody 15 cm branches, i.e. "Heads". Feels like they resemble grassy plants like wormwood. In a damp napkin, she transported home, dipped it in a stimulant (Kornevin), stuck it in the ground and under the bag.

    In the same way, I update the plant once a year or two, always rooting seamlessly. In the summer I plant lanthanum in open ground. Last year, after frosts in June, it froze slightly, and then grew back from the trunk. Almost did not have time to bloom, by the autumn she only got buds.

    And before that, in previous years, it grew into a lush bush, up to a meter in height, with abundant flowering. This is a southern plant, very fond of the sun. When the sun is weak, it also blooms, only the branches stretch out and do not bush much. Another pleasant moment in the cultivation of lanthanum is its drought tolerance.

    She drinks a lot, after watering the earth dries out instantly and so stands dry lump, it does not affect flowering and leaves. In general, it is better to dry than pour. And a couple of unpleasant moments. The main reason I plant lantana in the garden in the summer is its rubbish.

    Small flowers after flowering fall off, it is impossible to collect them manually, only a vacuum cleaner helps. The second - the juice of the plant and berries are poisonous. Just keep this in mind, wash your hands and tools after trimming.

    Tintinka

    http://irecommend.ru/content/lantana-khot-iz-semyan-khot-iz-cherenkov-neprikhotliva-lyubit-solntse-i-tsvesti

    I have been growing for several years now. Moreover, I planted several cuttings of two varieties in one pot. This gives even more originality to my flower. The plant is completely unpretentious to the soil, I add some sand to the universal soil.

    Lantana tolerates perfectly dry air, and a few hours of direct sun is simply shown to it. I have it on the west side of the balcony. I am sure that I would blossom even better on southern lantana! The more light, the more abundant flowering! It is necessary to water abundantly as the soil dries, avoiding drying.

    With a prolonged drought may die. I feed it with the beginning of flowering 2 times a month with Kemira Lux fertilizer. In winter, lanthanum, of course, is best kept in a cool room with a temperature of 8-10 degrees. But I have no such conditions, she winters in an apartment, and she stands near the window, and not on the windowsill.

    Stretched sprigs in spring I prune. Pruning is one of the main conditions for a compact flower shape and good flowering.

    http://frauflora.ru/viewtopic.php?t=2304

    Until recently, I would never have attributed this plant to exotic ... Well, it blooms with yellow-orange flowers, it grows quickly, just to care ... Grandmothers love to grow it and the whitefly likes to eat it ... In short, lantana itself and lantana.

    BUT: progress in breeding has involved in breeding not only the arched lanthanum, or prickly (Lantana camara) habitual to us, but also its hybrids with other American species.

    More and more new varieties and colors are being created ... Breeders have already played enough with multi-colored inflorescences, now they have brought pure white and pure yellow varieties ... In addition, other types of lanthanum have been introduced into the culture. So, lantana montevideyskaya very good for ampel growing.

    Marina Ivanovna

    http://forum.homecitrus.ru/topic/19133-lantany-lantana/

    Caring for this flower is not difficult, in the winter I just reduced watering for him. In the spring cut off the shoots, and began to feed. Top dressing I do every watering, but reduce the dose in half, which is indicated on the top dressing package.

    If you don’t touch the flower, you don’t notice the aroma; if you touch the leaves, it smells like melissa or orange, it’s very nice. At the beginning of flowering, the flowers are lemon-lemon, then they turn bright orange.

    Having planted such flower, you will have an additional sun.

    Varvara 66

    http://otzovik.com/review_3100516.html

    I simply adore lanthanum, I have been updating it for a few years now. All these years it was only yellow-orange, and this year bought and white and lilac. I planted everything in one pot, beauty. It hibernates on the loggias, the loggia is not heated, but is glazed and insulated. If they promise severe frosts, I tidy up the room, somewhere up to three degrees feels fine. But I cut it to the cold.

    Galina

    http://ourflo.ru/viewtopic.php?t=340

    : features of lanthanum

    Lantana is an unpretentious plant that can be grown at home and in the garden. It blooms beautifully and for a long time. However, it should be remembered that the berries and juice of the plant are poisonous, so small children and pets should not be in contact with the plant.

    • Diana Nikiforova
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    • Lantana: how to care for a tropical beauty at home

    Lantana - home care

    Lantana - is one of the most beautiful flowering houseplants, arrived to us from the tropics. Flower growers appreciate it for unpretentiousness, for plentiful and long blooming. Inflorescences amaze with a variety of colors of flowers entering into it.

    It seems that not one, but several plants are planted in one pot. In addition, the leaves, at the slightest touch to them, exude a pleasant spicy aroma.

    What else do you need to let the indoor flower live for you for many years? We will acquaint you with this exotics closer and tell you all about caring for Lantana at home.

    Home care tips for Lantana

    We have already written about the types and varieties of this wonderful plant on our website. We invite you to familiarize yourself with them in another article.

    In the warm season, indoor views of Lantana grow with pleasure not only indoors, but also on the veranda, on the balcony, in the garden.

    So that this tropical exotic one feels fine, pleases with his appearance and does not cause much trouble, we will acquaint you with his preferences and features of growth.

    Lighting and location

    Lantana - a big lover of bright natural light. It is noticed that the more light, the more abundant it blooms. At least 5 - 6 hours a day all year round the plant should be illuminated by direct rays of the sun.

    In the room for this fit window sills or places near them on the south-east or south-west side of the house. South windows are also suitable. Only at the very midday, young plants will have to be lightly applied, and adult Lantanas are not afraid of the sun. You should not have a pot in the draft - keep this in mind when airing rooms.

    With the advent of steady warm weather, Lantana can be taken out onto a balcony, veranda or even transplanted into the garden for the summer.

    In the spring, summer and autumn in the room with Lantana the temperature should be between 18-25 grams. Celsius. In winter, the plant needs rest. The temperature during this period, gradually reduce to 15 grams. and below, but not below 8 gr. Cool wintering will be the key to abundant flowering next year.

    Soil and pot

    Pick loose and nutritious soil for growing Lantana. In the store you can buy ready-made mixture for flowering houseplants. If you want to cook it yourself, then mix equal amounts of leaf and sod land, coarse sand and humus.

    Choose a pot according to the size of the root system. It should be quite voluminous and deep. But, it is not necessary to take a too big pot - the flower will grow roots to the detriment of flowering. Lay out a good layer of drainage at the bottom of the pot - expanded clay or river pebbles. Drainage holes for draining excess water are also required.

    If you grow lantana in the open air, it is better to prepare a pot of ceramic, light colors — in such a pot the plant's root system will not suffer from overheating.

    Lantana Transplant

    Every spring, closer to mid-April, the plant should be transplanted into a new pot with a new soil mixture. If you miss this event, then you can bloom this year and not wait. Transplant by transferring a plant with a part of the earth, adding new soil to free space, shaking the pot gently so that there are no voids left in it.

    If the flower is old enough, you may have to remove the lower part of the roots that have fallen into a solid clump with a clean, sharp knife. The drainage system should be 3 - 4 cm. After transplanting, water the flower moderately and put it on for three to five days in light partial shade to adapt. Then you can put the pot on a permanent well-lit place.

    Lantana - bright colors for the summer garden

    Among the plants that love open sunny places, lanthanum is a magician of long-term lush flowering. Already her everyday German name "changeable rosette" fully reveals an amazing feature of this plant.

    Lanthanum flowers change color as it develops, for example, from orange to yellow or carmine-red. There are tubular varieties with white and pink inflorescences.

    Formed in the form of a bush or grown in the form of a trunk, imposing lanthanum, which immediately attracts attention, is a noble decoration of balconies and terraces in the warm season.

    In warm countries, where the climate allows to grow lanthanum in open ground, it is widely used in ornamental gardening.

    In our latitudes, this non-frost-resistant plant is not planted in open ground, but put up in a garden in pots, dropping them in the ground.

    In general, a changeable rosette is undemanding in care, in natural conditions, in countries with a warm climate, it grows without problems in nutritious loamy soil. But when grown at home, there may be some problems.

    Lantana comes from regions with a warm, tropical climate, so it is a non-resistant plant.

    Origin of lanthanum

    Lantana proves its endurance in the warm and humid areas of South Africa or Australia, where it literally occupies meadows and forests, vacant lots and sandy banks of streams.

    In favorable conditions, lanthanum multiplies very quickly and captures the surrounding area, displacing other plants. Therefore, in some countries (for example, in South Africa) the planting and cultivation of lanthanum in gardens is prohibited by law.

    In the conditions of our climate, such a phenomenon of lanthanum does not threaten us, except that the pottery beauty in its sole discretion turns our summer terraces into colorful oases.

    Lantana camara

    Biological features of lanthanum

    The lanthanum genus (Lantana) unites more than 150 species of evergreen shrubs, of which the most common is lanthanum camara (Lantana camara). From the roots or from the short stem there are a lot of long, arcuate shoots that slightly hang down, making it possible to better look at unusual inflorescences.

    A young herbaceous plant very soon takes the form of a dense bush, which, depending on its location, can reach a height of three meters or more. However, the lanthanum grown in the tub retains its more miniature forms, expanding at the same time during the summer in width. If you wish, you can form a stem tree from a tub lanthanum.

    Dark green serrated leaves, located on the stalks opposite, have an oval shape, pointed to the edge of the leaf. The lower part of the leaves, resembling nettle leaves, slightly pubescent with white hairs.

    The dark green, downy leaves, like nettle leaves, at first glance seem rude.

    From May to October, the bush is decorated with numerous small flowers, gathered in dome-shaped umbrella inflorescences, which tirelessly “play fervent play” - the color of flowers changes not by the day, but by the hour! Flowers begin to unfold from the outside of the inflorescence, and the brightest colors can be seen in the middle.

    For example, while at the edges of the inflorescence is painted in dark orange color, small flowers in the center delight the eye with a bright yellow, red or brownish tinge.

    If you like quieter tones, choose varieties with less pronounced “chameleonism”, the inflorescences of which differ from shingles to edges only slightly.

    The everyday German name "changeable rosette" fully reveals the peculiarity of the plant to change the color of flowers as it dissolves.

    Despite the beauty, all parts of the plant are poisonous, especially its rounded fruits - stone berries, which in full maturity acquire a beautiful blue-black, like a metallic tint. They love to eat the birds, along with their droppings, the seeds are spread for many kilometers.

    Let there be sun!

    Like a true southerner, lantana unfolds in all its glory in the sun: as soon as it is warmed up, a playful “changeable rosette” begins to bloom vigorously and smell good. During the cool periods, which in the summer from time to time replace the sultry heat, the growth of lanthanum stops. And only with the return of heat the plant begins to grow intensively again and bloom magnificently.

    Lanthanum bushes, especially its stem trees, studded with multicolored buds, attract not only our views, but also hardworking bees and bright butterflies. A change in color of the inflorescences indicates readiness for pollination.

    Intensively growing varieties with spreading, long shoots in recent years are increasingly replaced by compact, low-growing forms that are more convenient to combine with other flowering potted plants. Like most heat-loving exotic plants, lanthanum needs to be sent to the non-frozen premises for wintering.

    Lantanas are often grown in the form of a stem tree.

    "Home" varieties

    There are several dozen species of this plant. But not all are suitable for growing in a pot. Some do not fit in the tub at all - they are so spreading and lush.

    Lantana Camara is considered the most popular type of this oriental shrub. In some sources it is called thorny, in others - vaulted. This is a plant with oval, heart-shaped leaves. Gradually, the yellow lanthanum camara blossoms turn red in a fantastic way, and the pink ones turn orange. Magic, and only.

    Growing lantana at home does not require special skills. And, perhaps, after the first experience, you will want to “make friends” with other varieties of the chameleon plant. The table presents the most attractive and popular species in the floricultural environment.

    Overwinter care

    For lanthanum, a light and cool wintering is desirable, when it is better to maintain a temperature of about + 10 ° C, in which case the flowering will be more active. Depending on the temperature and lighting conditions, the plant may lose foliage. During the winter period, it is necessary to ensure that the earthen room in the tub is not completely dry.

    Lanthanum Care Tips

    Kadado lantana, decorating balconies and terraces, prefers bright diffused lighting. The lack of light affects the abundance and duration of flowering.

    It can be very scarce or not come at all, and the flowers that have already opened will quickly wither.

    At the same time, the plant is not winter-hardy, so it is planted in pots and tubs, which should be selected in such a size that it does not have to be replanted during the entire summer season.

    Lantana (Lantana camara) prefers rich soil and with regular fertilization the whole garden season blooms.

    For lush and abundant flowering lanthanum needs regular feeding. From early spring to mid-autumn, the plant should be fed once a week with complex liquid fertilizers for flowering plants.

    At the same time, avoid mixtures with a high nitrogen content, since it affects the active development of green mass to the detriment of flowering.

    Starting in August, the doses in the dressings should be reduced, and in the period of winter dormancy - completely stopped.

    From spring to autumn, lantana requires regular abundant watering. Between irrigation, the top layer of soil should dry 1-2 cm deep. In any case, overwetting should not be allowed. Since lanthanum does not like lime, it is best to water it with rainwater.

    Lantana pruning

    In the spring, before the start of active growth (approximately in March - April), it is necessary to cut branches to a length of 10-15 cm, which will contribute to the growth of young strong shoots, on which later inflorescences will appear.

    For your information: old shoots bloom very badly, or do not bloom at all. Small young bushes are transplanted annually in the spring into pots of larger diameter, while shortening slightly the long roots.

    Large old specimens are not transplanted, but only update the topsoil.

    Plants purchased in May should not be pruned. During the summer, it is necessary to remove the flowering inflorescences, this contributes to the formation of new flowers.

    Pruning of the shoots allows you to create a beautiful crown, create a standard tree or plant ampel. If the crown is formed correctly, leaves will not be visible because of the flowers. For pruning, you need to use sharp garden shears, as the shoots will quickly become woody.

    Lantana tolerates radical pruning, it very quickly builds up new shoots.

    Top Grades

    The more unusual the play of colors of inflorescences, the more valued the variety. It is impossible to take your eyes off Bandana „Pink“ lantana with dark green foliage that branches well, forming a compact bush. The two-color lanthanum "Cherry Improved" boasts large inflorescences. In general, all varieties of Bandana are considered the most high-growing among the other varieties.

    Lantata Calippo „Gold“ shows monochrome chrome-yellow inflorescences, admiring all lovers of exotic with a upright, lush bush.
    Lantana Esperanta „Pink“ dresses up flowers with an amazing combination of shades. Esperanta plants are characterized by a long flowering period and the formation of a smaller number of seeds.
    It is striking in its singularity of Tropic „Tukan“ lantana with flowers of white and yellow color. Varieties of the Tropic series are considered early flowering.
    The novelty is lanthanum Esperanta „Compact Red“, characterized by compact growth and bright red-yellow inflorescences. The beginning of the garden season is greeted by lantana Esperanta „Lemon“, dissolving its light yellow inflorescences.
    Even the chameleon could envy the skill of transforming Calippo „Tutti Frutti“ lantana: its flowers, opening yellow, after some time, turn orange, purple and pink.
    Yellow Cream lantana has beautiful wide leaves and delicate creamy yellow flowers.
    Early Tropic flamingo lantana, like a real pink flamingo, creates an atmosphere of a tropical summer in your garden, balcony or terrace.

    Translation: Lesya V. specifically for the Internet portal

    Garden Center "Your Garden"

    Lantana - home care. Growing lantana, transplanting and reproduction. Description, types. Photo - Flowertimes.ru

    Lantana (Lantana) is a perennial shrub. This plant is a member of the Verbenov family. The place of origin of the shrub is the territory of Central America.

    One interesting property is characteristic of lanthanum: as the plant develops, its flowers change color.

    A newly blossomed bud has a light shade, as it blooms, it changes to a darker one. So the flower of a yellow shade becomes orange with time, and orange turns into dark red.

    Thus, on one bush one can observe an unusual combination of flowers of various colors.

    But the plant-related surprises do not end there. If you touch the leaves of the plant, they will exude the most subtle pleasant aroma. This property of lanthanum is due to glands that secrete essential substances. Lanthanum is perfectly pruned, it can be given a variety of forms, as well as to form a bush of the desired height.

    Air humidity

    For lanthanum, the optimum content is at high humidity. To do this, the leaves and the air around them are regularly sprayed, and the pot itself is put on wet clay, while the bottom should not touch the water, otherwise the roots may rot.

    Summer watering for lanthanum should be regular and abundant. The soil should be wet, but not wet. It is impossible to allow complete drying of earthen coma, otherwise the plant will drop flowers. In winter, watering is reduced, but not stopped completely, keeping the soil in the pot in a constantly wet state.

    Lantana: home care rules

    Lantana is a very attractive perennial belonging to the Verbenov family. Her homeland is in subtropical countries: India, Mexico, Colombia.

    Gradually, this plant has spread to Central Asia and the Mediterranean. Lantana is very popular among flower growers, and it is connected not only with a beautiful appearance.

    This shrub has two features: the changing color of flowers and the stunning scent of leaves.

    • Appearance
    • Lantana Camara
    • Lantana montevidea
    • Care rules
    • Transfer
    • Breeding

    Appearance

    The adult lantana shrub is quite sprawling. He has direct shoots that branch out. The height of the shrub can reach three meters in the presence of good conditions. Lantana is growing rapidly, so it needs space. However, there are also some hybrid varieties with slower development. They are also notable for their short stature.

    Lanthanum roots are also very developed and powerful. They go deep into the ground, so when growing plants in room conditions, he needs a deep spacious pot. Otherwise, you will have to do a frequent transplant.

    Lanthanum branches are covered with smooth bark of a light green shade. Some varieties tend to have small spikes. Leaves 5 cm long are located on the petioles opposite each other or in a spiral. They are pretty cute, egg-shaped, pointed. On the edges - small teeth. The leaves are slightly pubescent, they are characterized by a bright green color, but there are options with light green stripes.

    In addition to appearance, the greens of lantana has an interesting quality. When you touch the leaves, they begin to secrete essential oils. Due to this, the surrounding air is filled with a delicate lemon-mint flavor. This feature is not like everyone, but most flower growers love this lanthanum.

    Wikipedia gives a fairly detailed description of this plant. But still this is not enough to evaluate lanthanum.

    Photo better conveys the attractiveness of the shrub, but in its natural form it is much more interesting to observe flowering, of course. To begin with, the flowers of lantana are actively changing their color.

    Light blossoms are characteristic of just blossoming. Then the petals gradually darken, becoming, for example, from light yellow orange, and then maroon.

    Moreover, a similar color change occurs in each flower separately. Therefore, one inflorescence can simultaneously delight in different shades. Looks awesome. And just to watch such a change of image is very interesting. In addition, the aroma of flowers is quite rich. And thanks to its combination with the smell that leaves emit, an absolutely incredible effect is obtained.

    A simple, unpretentious care, but very cute bush. And growing fast. One minus - very much littering petals when fading.

    Lena, Forum flower growers

    Of course, not all lantana bushes look the same. About 150 species of this plant are known. But only two are optimal for home cultivation.

    Lantana Camara

    The stems of this species curl, they have small thorns. The leaves are oval or heart-shaped, hard, gray-green hue. Only the lower part of them is pubescent, and the upper part is smooth with a slight roughness. Small tubular flowers are collected in inflorescences. The flowering period usually begins in May and ends at the end of August.

    The standard color of the petals varies from yellow and pink to orange and red. But there are several decorative varieties with flowers of a different shade:

    • Golden cloud - bright yellow flowers,
    • Cocktail - terracotta and orange,
    • Naida - white with a yellow center,
    • Pink Queen - salmon-yellow, gradually becoming bright pink.

    Care rules

    Not only for the external beauty, but also for the simplicity of flower growers love lanthanum. Taking care of her at home is pretty simple.. First of all, you need to put the plant in the right place.

    Lantana loves the lighttherefore, it is advisable to settle it on the southern windowsills. In the absence of such an opportunity, it is necessary to provide the bush with a long light day with the help of special fitolamps. Direct sunlight lantana not terrible.

    Much worse is affected by shading. In this case, the leaves will be small, and flowering - not rich.

    Besides the light lantana loves warmth. This is not surprising, given its subtropical origin. The temperature of the air in the room should be about 22-27 degrees.

    In winter, it should be reduced to 10-12 degrees. In general, lanthanum tolerates wintering well. She is able to survive some cold even in the open field.

    But when the air temperature is below -2 ° C, the plant is likely to die.

    When grown in the open field, it is still better to cover the lanthanum for the winter. Even if usually there is no extreme cold. I once left mine without shelter, and, unfortunately, I was suddenly struck by frost. Of course, the bush died.

    Tatyana, Forum flower growers

    There are no special requirements for air humidity. Desirable sometimes spray the bush and wipe the leaves. But during the flowering period you need to ensure that water does not fall on the inflorescences. Otherwise the flowers will quickly wither.

    But the soil moisture must be carefully monitored. Regular watering is a must. The soil should dry out only from above, remaining wet in the depths.. With insufficient watering, lanthanum will grow poorly and drop buds.

    The soil needs not only watering, but also fertilizer. They need to make throughout the flowering period. This is done twice a month, while it is desirable to alternate organic and mineral supplements.

    When applied to the soil fertilizer must be diluted to avoid damage to the roots of lanthanum.

    Growing a bush will give a more beautiful result if produced regular pinching and trimming. Without this procedure, the plant will strive exclusively upwards and look at the same time rather poor. Therefore, you need to create an incentive for the formation of lateral shoots.

    When pruning from each old branch, no more than a third of the length is left, and the tip of this residue is pinched. Lantana only young shoots bloom. Therefore, do not feel sorry for the old. Pruning not only stimulates flowering, but also helps to create a beautiful crown of the bush.

    This is one of the most important stages of cultivation. As mentioned above, the root system of lanthanum is growing very actively. Therefore the plant needs quite frequent transplant. The maximum period of stay in one pot is 1-3 years.

    The optimal time for a transplant is the beginning of spring. The pot, of course, you need to take a spacious and deeper previous. At the bottom it is necessary to place a drainage layer: pebbles, shards or expanded clay. This will help the water not to stagnate at the roots of the plant. Soil is piled on top of the drainage layer. It consists of several components:

    • 4 pieces of leafy ground
    • 3 pieces of turf,
    • 1 part of humus,
    • 1 part of river sand.

    When transplanting you need to remove part of the previous earth coma. This will help the plant to get the maximum amount of nutrients from fresh soil.

    Table: lanthanum pests and methods of controlling them

    1. Maintain the necessary humidity.
    2. Ensure timely watering.
    3. Choose the right substrate for the plant.
    1. Add 30 g of crushed dandelion roots to the medicinal tincture of dandelion, pour 1 l of hot water. Insist 2 hours, spray the plant for 3-5 days.
    2. Processing plants Aktar drug (according to the instructions).
    1. Collect butterflies by hand.
    2. Spray onion solution (20 g of husk pour 1 liter of water, insist 5 days, drain).
    3. To process the drug Aktara, Mospilan, Tanrek (according to the instructions).
    1. Collect pests manually. They are separated from the plant with difficulty, so you can lubricate the shells with kerosene or vinegar and wait 2-3 hours.
    2. To process the drug Fitoverm, Phosbecid, Metaphos (according to the instructions).

    Features care for lanthanum home

    Saturated greens, completely sprinkled with bright colors that change color - is lanthanum grown by a tree or a lush bush. It all depends on your imagination and skills of growing this plant.

    Botanical description

    Lantana is a perennial shrub of the verben family, which combines 150 species. This plant grows in the tropics of America, from where it was distributed to countries with a similar climate. If the conditions of existence are favorable, then lanthanum begins rapid reproduction. In temperate climates, the plant in winter completely freezes.

    Popular type - lantana camara. In flower pots, the bush does not grow more than 50 cm in height, whereas in the natural environment the height of the bush reaches 150 cm. This species has upright tetrahedral spiny stems. Serrated leaves, oval-shaped, green. The flowers are quite small, collected in spherical inflorescences.

    So in a certain period of growth on one bush, you can contemplate the riot of color. The flowering period is long - from May to August.

    Very rarely on sale can you see another look - lantana montevidea. This species has flexible creeping shoots, therefore, it is possible to land this species in suspended pots. As it grows, the plant takes an ampel form. Inflorescences with a diameter of not more than 2 cm, in lilac-purple tones. Flowering time - from June to November. Thanks to the glands, which secrete essential substances, when you touch the leaves, a pleasant subtle aroma appears.

    Growing conditions

    Lantana - a beautiful flowerthat can grow at home. For good growth, it needs good lighting, a warm place and protection from direct sun.

    In the summer, bushes need to be taken out into the yard, while there is a build-up of green mass and, therefore, abundant flowering begins. Lantana feels great in the hot summer, only requires more frequent watering. In regions with mild winters, the plant can be grown outdoors.

    Scattered sunlight and direct sunlight for up to 5 hours is one of the conditions of abundant flowering.

    Temperature and humidity

    The optimum air temperature for lanthanum - 22–27 ° С. In winter the temperature is lowered to 6 ° С to ensure a rest period. The plant easily transfers dry air in rooms with rare spraying. Spraying is forbidden during the flowering period, as the flowers wither quickly. In winter, the soil is kept slightly moist.

    The flower is considered quite unpretentious, it can grow even on scarce soils. At home, to get a luxurious, pleasing to the eye the plant, it is best to use fertile light soil.

    Composition, which can be prepared independently: 1 part of garden soil, leaf earth and coarse-grained river sand or perlite.

    Peculiarities of home care

    Since lanthanum is an unpretentious plant, then caring for it at home is no different from caring for other brothers. Light is importantAs mentioned above, the plant needs at least 5 sundials. The overmoistening of the soil is harmful, however, even with its strong drying, the lower leaves die off, which makes the plant not attractive.

    For abundant bloom in the summer, the flower is watered every 3-5 days, and in the winter during dormancy - once every 2 weeks. Water should be at room temperature and must be separated.

    In the summer, lanthanum needs feeding 1 time in 2 weeks. Preference should be given to organic. Be sure to monitor the nitrogen content, because with its excess will grow green mass to the detriment of flowers. During flowering and strong growth of lanthanum fertilized with complex mineral fertilizer. Conduct such manipulations 1 time per month. In winter, during the rest period, fertilizing is not needed.

    Formation of the crown is very important for the plant. With the onset of spring, when everything around comes alive, be sure to pruning lantana. Pruning and subsequent nipping shoots provide an opportunity to get the perfect crown, and also creates the conditions for abundant flowering.

    Faded buds need to be removed on time. By trimming the bush, you can give a different shape and shape it to the desired height.

    This beauty every 1-3 years must be transplanted due to the rapid growth of the roots. The best time is the middle of spring.

    The pot needs to be picked up several centimeters more than the previous one. Flowering does not take place, but the root system will grow. At the bottom of the tank lay out the drainage (pebbles, expanded clay) to avoid stagnation of water and, accordingly, rotting of the roots. Drainage takes 1/3 of the capacity for planting. When transplanting remove part of the earthy coma, add new soil and nutrients for good growth. If the plant is very old, transplanting it is a lot of stress. In this case, if possible, change the topsoil to 1/3 of the pot.

    Tips for growing lantana in indoor conditions

      Lighting and location selection. To maintain the plant, you need a place with bright lighting, at least 3-5 hours of direct sunlight. This is especially recommended in winter. A pot with a plant should be placed on window sills of windows of southeastern or southwestern orientation, in the southern location at noon in the summer, shading is required.

    Temperature content In spring and summer, for comfortable cultivation of lanthanum, the temperature is maintained within 18–22 degrees. Wintering should be cool and therefore the indicators of heat gradually decrease to 5–8 degrees (not higher than 15) - this will be the key to abundant flowering.

    Humidity in the cultivation of lanthanum must be high, although the plant can carry dry indoor air. It is recommended to carry out regular spraying of foliage and air next to the plant. You can also place a container with water near the pot or place the pot itself in a tray with expanded clay at the bottom and a small amount of water. In this case, the bottom of the pot should not touch moisture, as the root system may begin to rot.

    Watering. With the arrival of summer, it is required to moisturize the soil in the pot with lanthanum every 3–5 days, and with the arrival of autumn, watering is reduced and in the winter period brought to 10–14 times. It is important that the top layer of soil between the moisture should have time to dry, since its waterlogging is very harmful for the plant. If there is a complete drying of the earthy coma, then this will lead to the discharge of the buds and the death of the lower leaves. Water applied is soft and warm. You can take the river or rain, but since in the conditions of the city it may not be too clean, it is used distilled.

    Fertilizers for lanthanum with the arrival of April and bring the entire summer period. Regularity - once for 14 days. It is recommended to use the full mineral complex for flowering plants (usually reduce the dose by 2 times), also need to use organic products. In the top dressing there should not be a lot of nitrogen, since lanthanum will increase the hardwood mass to the detriment of bud formation.

    General care for indoor growing. Branches in the spring should be regularly cut (almost 1/3), as well as pinch the tops to stimulate branching. During the winter period the plant is kept in a cool place. At this time, a partial fall of foliage may occur. In spring and summer, lanthanum should be moved to the balcony in the garden or terrace, as it likes airing, but you should avoid drafts. Faded buds should be removed on time. It is common to plant several copies at once in one container or form a stem tree from each individual lanthanum. To do this, the plant should remove the side branches and establish a support for it, you can tie it to a peg. When the process reaches the desired height, it begins to pinch. During the whole growth time, the lateral shoots are removed, but at the same time, the upper branches should be cut off so that the plant shape becomes spherical.

    Conducting transplants and soil selection. Changing the pot for lantana is needed annually on April days. If such an operation has not been done on time, then we can not wait for flowering. But it is better not to take a big pot, as the plant will increase the root system to the detriment of flowering. When the copy is very old, instead of transplanting, they change the top layer of soil in the pot. The new container needs holes in the bottom and a layer of drainage material. The substrate for lanthanum transplantation must be nutritious and loose. Often, growers prepare it themselves, mixing garden soil, leaf soil and coarse sand or perlite (all parts are taken equal).

  • Rest period for lantana begins with the arrival of winter, when the light day is shortened. The place where it will be kept for this time should be bright, with heat indicators of 10–15 degrees (at least 6–8 units). Watering is reduced and becomes moderate. At this time, the foliage may partially or completely fly around, but this is a natural process.

  • Growing lantana in the garden

      Selecting a landing site. A warm and sunny location on the site is selected for the plant, protected from wind and draft. Landing in open ground is carried out in the second half of May, when the threat of morning frost is over. If you plant a plant in a thick shade, the flowering will be weak, the color of the flowers will turn pale, and the shoots themselves will stretch greatly. When planting lantana, it is necessary to bury it only up to the root collar. The soil at the roots is carefully crimped, then it should be well moistened and mulched on top of peat or compost.

    Soil for growing lantana requires nourishing with good insight for air and moisture. The composition of the substrate must be rich in humus, loamy or sandy.

    General care for lanthanum. It is necessary to moisten the soil under the bush regularly, soaking it well, especially in the summer heat, but it is important to avoid the soil being wetted (the place in the lowlands does not fit). If this is not followed, overwetting will reduce air access to the root system and cause lanthanum diseases. In order to stimulate re-flowering, it is necessary to remove the withering flowers in time, avoiding fruit set.

  • Fertilizers for growing lantana in the garden also necessary - it will help her develop normally. Throughout the summer, spend only 3-4 feeding. However, it should be remembered that fertilizers will have an effect if the soil is sufficiently moist. Apply mullein infusion (1:10) or chicken manure, in a ratio of 1:30. As soon as the buds are formed, then 30 grams of superphosphate is added to the previous composition, diluting it in 10 liters of hot water.

  • Rules for self-propagation of lanthanum

    It is possible to propagate this plant in two ways: by grafting or sowing seeds.

    Cherenkos at the end of summer and beginning of autumn, so that next year young lantana will bloom. In order to produce the harvesting of twigs, only young shoots are selected that have not yet lignified (that is, they have not been covered with coarse bark, as in adult specimens). You can use the branches remaining after pruning. The length of the cutting should be between 8–10 cm. They can be placed in a vessel with water or planted in a substrate. The soil is used peat-sand (sand can be replaced by perlite). Before planting, moisten the soil. Germination is carried out at a temperature of 24 degrees. It is recommended that before planting the cuttings of the cuttings be treated with a root formation stimulator. Pot with cuttings need to cover with plastic wrap or glass container. It is important to conduct daily airing and moistening of the soil, in case it dried up. Completely shelter is removed after 3 weeks. After the cuttings have taken root and show signs of successful rooting, they are seated in separate pots, and also nipped at the top of the twigs to stimulate branching.

    When seed multiplication material is recommended to be placed in the soil at the end of the winter period. The substrate must be loose and nutritious. Capacity with crops contains at indicators of heat in 20 degrees in a place with bright, but diffused lighting. After two weeks, you can see the first shoots. Diving sprouts, then they have reached a height of about 10–12 cm. At the same time, the heat indicators can be reduced to 12–15 units, in order to avoid pulling out seedlings.

    Diseases and pests in the care of lanthanum

    The plant often suffers from fungal infection. When this trouble immediately begin to suffer leaf plates - their surface is covered with spots.

    Of the harmful insects that infect lanthanum, we can distinguish spider mites, aphids, mealybugs or whiteflies (this pest loves this representative of the flora very much). With the formation of such signs as a thin cobweb on the leaves and in the internodes, green or gray color, small bugs, sticky substance on the leaves, white vatoobraznye lumps on the foliage and in the internodes or on the reverse side, whitish specks on leaf sheets and white midges - immediately necessary to treat insecticides.

    You can also highlight the following troubles:

      if the light level is small, then the foliage becomes shallow, and the stems are drawn out,

    when the humidity is low and watering is too rare, the edge of the leaf plate dries out, the tip twists,

    in winter, the foliage falls - this process is normal,

    if cold wintering conditions are violated or when the light is low, then lanthanum will not bloom,

    when the leaves begin to turn pale, the branches become strongly drawn out, this is a sign of a lack of nutrients,

  • flowers are discharged at low rates of heat or humidity, as well as insufficient soil moisture in the pot.

  • Types and varieties

    Lantana camara (vaulted or prickly) is a native of Latin America, acclimatized in the tropics and subtropics of other regions of the Earth. In temperate climates, this heat-loving handicraft plant freezes in winter.

    Each individual flower of lanthanum inflorescences Camara changes its color at different stages of maturation. Together they create a striking orange-yellow-red-pink multicolor.

    Lantana lubava variety based on camar, reaches 1.5 meters in height. It is characterized by 4-sided pubescent shoots, hard grayish-green leaves and small flowers that change color from orange to pink or reddish. The flowering period lasts from spring to the last days of autumn.

    Lantana white includes varieties bred for the purpose of producing monochromatic flowers (in this case white), such as lantana white queen.

    Lantana variegated - A number of varieties, a distinctive feature of which are variegated leaves with pale green, whitish and silvery speckles. These varieties require additional care measures, as they are weakened by artificial modification.

    Lantana montevidea - an exotic type of lanthanum, rarely found in stores. Its flexible lining stems, almost immediately after planting, acquire an ampel form, as if they themselves suggest placing the plant in a container or hanging basket.

    This species is characterized by reduced foliage and shortened petioles compared with camara. "Lantana purple“, As they can call this species, has inflorescences, painted in pink-lilac and purple colors.

    Lantana home care

    As noted above, lanthanum is absolutely not a demanding plant. In nature, it grows well on nutrient loamy soils, to match our nettle. However, when forcing a house, you may encounter a variety of problems with light and location.

    The fact is that at home lantana needs space and good lighting - she loves bright scattered rays of light. At the same time, care should be taken to ensure that she has enough space, and to provide protection from direct sunlight during hot midday hours.

    Lantana watering

    In spring and summer, lanthanum should be plentifully watered, allowing only the top layer of soil to dry out, and the water volumes should be increased proportionally to the growth rate - when it slows down, watering is reduced.

    In winter, on the contrary, watering should be very moderate so that the soil is well dried, and at lower temperatures, even more rare.

    Soil for lantana

    The soil for lanthanum should not be very fertile, otherwise flowering will be scarce.

    In a pot for room species, leaf humus is mixed, mixed in equal proportions with sand.

    Lanthanum transplant

    Transplantation is recommended every spring with the onset of March. For this purpose, a spacious pot with a good opening for drainage is selected and its bottom is drained by approximately 2 cm.

    Soil is made up of light turf soil, leaf soil, humus and sand in the ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1, sometimes pieces of birch coal are added to this.

    Lantana from seeds at home

    Some varieties of lanthanum are grown from seeds purchased in the store. Before planting the seeds, they need to be steamed in a thermos for 2 hours, and then put in a growth stimulator solution.

    This is followed by preliminary germination, sowing into the soil and covering the top with a film. The first leaves appear no earlier than a month in warm conditions with high humidity. A dive is made not earlier than the moment when 4 leaves are formed.

    How to multiply lanthanum

    Lantana - unpretentious plant, propagated by seeds and cuttings.

    Seeds sown in the spring in a pre-moistened soil under the film and maintain a temperature of 20 ° C. After an average of 14 days, friendly shoots appear. When the sprouts grow to 12 cm, it is necessary to pick a pick and lower the temperature to 15 ° C. This is done to avoid pulling seedlings.

    Plant pests

    The foliage of the shrub is periodically attacked by the following pests: aphid, scale insects, tick and whitefly. In open land, these pests are the most dangerous.For prevention, it is recommended to treat the bushes with Aktara or Aktellik every spring.

    Diseases and problems in growing

    Lantana in a cool room with excessive watering suffers from leaf rust, even in this situation, root rot can develop.

    It is necessary to change the conditions of plant maintenance in winter: to provide a period of rest, to loosen the soil. If the flower is still sick, you need to prune the plant and process it with a fungicide.

    As can be seen from the foregoing, the lanthanum flower is very beautiful and completely unpretentious in growing and caring. Therefore, everyone who sees a photo of this plant will immediately want to grow it in his own plot. With proper care of the plant, you will receive a reward - a luxurious bloom.

    Watch the video: Color changing flowers - Lantana2. (December 2019).

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