Most recently, many believed that sea buckthorn is wild berry, which grows mostly in Siberia. But modern scientists have brought a huge number of varieties, characterized by high taste, large size and other positive characteristics, growing in the Urals and in the suburbs.
The largest fruit comes from the Essel variety. No spines talks about the safety of working with a plant, such qualities can be boasted of the varieties Giant, Sun and many others. The most fruitful Botanical variety is considered, it is very often used on an industrial scale. Increased winter hardiness different varieties Trofimovskaya, Golden Ear and Dar Katun. In this article we will take a closer look at the description of these varieties.
The largest varieties of sea buckthorn, description
Sea buckthorn growing in the wild brings fruits weighing 0.2-0.3 grams, the weight of the berries of cultivated plants is 0.5 grams. But there are varieties that can produce fruits, the mass of which reaches 1.5 grams.
This tree has a beautiful, spreading crown, there are no thorns on the branches. Fruits are bright orange in color, in their form resemble a cylinder. The weight of one berry reaches 1 gram. Sea buckthorn of this variety ripens early and gives a bountiful harvest.. It is resistant to frost, drought and many fungal diseases.
Fruits of this variety weigh approximately 1.1 grams, characterized by orange color and ovoid shape. Fruits are collected in loose brushes, which greatly simplifies the process of their collection.. On the shoots there is a small number of thorns. Sea buckthorn ripens early, 16-18 kg of crop is harvested from one adult tree.
Shrub with a neat, compact crown that does not require long pruning. On average, berries weigh 0.9 grams, have a sweet and sour taste with light shades of pineapple. Fruits grow on long stems, easily separated from the brush, ripen in late terms. Among other things, the variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and resistance to attacks by pests.
The variety is a novelty of Siberian breeding. Berries have excellent characteristics, their weight reaches 1.2 grams, the shape is oval, the taste is sweet, dessert. Fruits ripen in August, differ in weak attachment to the brush.
The best varieties of studless sea buckthorn
Thornless sea buckthorn is one of the most important discoveries of breeders. Such plants are safe for the gardener, they are much easier to care for and harvest.
The variety can be sold in the form of a shrub or in the form of a tree. It has a conical crown without thorns, reaches a height of 3.5 meters. The fruits are bright orange cylindrical in shape, grow on a short stalk, have a sweet-sour taste and a large size.
A large shrub with a spreading crown, the safety of the variety ensures the absence of thorns. Fruits of amber color by weight reach 0.7 grams, have a pleasant sweet taste and high oiliness.
On a neat crown almost no spikes. The fruits ripen in late August, weighing 0.7 grams on average. They have a pleasant sweet taste with a slight scent of pineapple.. Berries are distinguished by a light, dry separation from the stem.
Shrub of medium height with a crown, characterized by a weak spreading. The shoots of the plant are straight and thin, there are no thorns on them. The leaves are shiny, light green in color with slight pubescence. Fruits are large in size, their weight can reach 1 gram, the shape is oval, the color is rich orange. The taste of berries is sweet and sour, they can be used both for fresh consumption and for various types of processing.
The variety is often used for commercial purposes. with proper care from one 5-year-old tree, you can collect up to 20 kilograms of crop. Fruits differ in the large size, red-orange color and pleasant, juicy taste. Berries are easily separated from the stem and tolerate transportation.
Medium shrub with a compact crown. Rich, orange berries have a dessert taste and a rather large size (0.6 grams). Variety brings abundant annual yield, from one plant to collect up to 15 pounds of fruit. In addition, the Moscow beauty has good winter hardiness and unpretentiousness to care and growing conditions. Immune to most diseases.
Compact tree with a sprawling, sparse crown, lends itself well to formation. 10-12 kilograms of oval, slightly elongated berries are harvested from one plant.. The fruits ripen in the summer, have a pleasant sweet-sour taste.
Medium shrub with a flat-oval crown. Shoots straight, practically without thorns, characteristic whitish bloom. The top of the sheet is light green and the bottom is silver. Fruits are oval orange. The skin is sweaty, the flesh is slightly loose, very pleasant to the taste. The variety ripens at the end of August and brings a stable and large crop, which is suitable for various types of conservation.. The variety has high winter hardiness and is immune to most diseases.
Medium shrub with mildly umbrella-shaped crown. Light brown shoots, frosted, spikes are present in small quantities. The leaves are small in size, green. Berries are large yellow-orange, spherical shape. The pulp has a good aroma and sweet-sour taste. Such berries ripen at the end of the summer, tolerate transportation and can be stored for a long time. Also, the variety has high winter hardiness and resistance to diseases.
Tall shrub with a sprawling, umbrella form. Brings large fruits weighing up to 0.7 grams of orange with red tints. The shape of the berries is elongated. The variety has a high content of ascorbic acid. Trofimovskaya is able to survive not only the winter cold, but also the spring frosts, which are more destructive for most crops.
The bush grows up to 2.7 meters in height, the crown is oval, the thickening is average. There may be a small number of spikes or they may be completely absent. The leaves are concave, saturated green. The fruits have an orange color and a round shape, on average, their weight is 0.7 grams . Harvest can be collected in the second half of August. Fruiting sea buckthorn begins at 3 years of life and lasts up to 12 years of age. From one bush 14-16 kilograms of a crop are collected. The variety is resistant to frost and disease.
Sea buckthorn contains a large amount of vitamins and beneficial trace elementstherefore, these berries have a beneficial effect on the human body. Due to the high content of oils, this culture is often used in cosmetology.
Frost-resistant sea buckthorn grade Golden Ear
A variety of sea buckthorn, beginning to bear fruit already in the 3rd year of life. You can also select a small number of thorns. Golden-orange berries weighing up to 0.5 grams are gathered in dense ear cobs. The main advantage is the increased winter hardiness.
Adding an article to a new collection
In the territory of the former USSR about 70 varieties of sea buckthorn are grown. Among them are beshipny and dwarf, and intended for a particularly harsh climate. How to choose the best varieties of sea buckthorn that will take root in your garden and give a rich harvest?
Now, when the time of collecting sea buckthorn is not over, you can try different varieties of berries and choose an option to your taste. If you have a small area, and you are ready to select just one corner of this sunny berry, then the best solution will be self-bearing sea buckthorn. If you are afraid of sea buckthorn spines, then choose a variety without thorns - fortunately, now there are some.
Early autumn variety Altai appeared more than 35 years ago and since then has not lost its popularity. Initially, it was intended for cultivation in the Urals Federal District, but is now zoned and used in almost the entire territory of the country. Main plus Altai that there are almost no thorns on its branches - this allows harvesting without cuts. Up to 16 kg of sweet, fleshy fruits can be harvested from a single adult tree.
Sea-buckthorn varieties: large-fruited, fruitful, sweet, without thorns, winter-hardy
A shrub strewn with sharp thorns, with small sour berries of yellow-orange color - almost all varieties of sea buckthorn were 35-40 years ago.
It was then that the sea buckthorn boom started, caused by the advertised healing properties of the Siberian berry.
Modern assortment includes dozens of cultivars and hybrids, which are distinguished by large berries with dessert taste and delicate aroma, high yield, decorative form of bushes and booms, high level of adaptation to the soil and climate conditions of Russia.
Siberian berry - pantry sun and health
The most accessible source of natural vitamins is berries and fruits, but by their quantitative and qualitative composition, none of the fruit and berry crops can be compared with sea buckthorn, and none have received such an eloquent synonym - the pantry of the sun. This nondescript Siberian berry contains the entire vitamin alphabet, it is the absolute leader in the number of biologically active substances and trace elements, healing oils and organic acids.
The plant belongs to the family Lokhovye, on the territory of Siberia, in Central Asia, the European part of the continent will grow the species sea buckthorn Krushinovaya. This berry shrub, but often it is grown in one trunk, forming a tree, or grafted on shtamb.
The standard height is 2.5–3 m, without pruning, it can grow up to 6 m. .
One of the areas of breeding is the breeding of sea-buckthorn varieties without thorns, and specialists have succeeded a lot in this.
One of the biological features of the plant - fruiting exclusively on the shoots of the second year of vegetation. After the return of the crop, the branch becomes bare, and vegetative and generative growth moves closer to its edge. If the plant is not regularly cut, then gradually the entire crop will be on top.
The second important characteristic is the bushiness of the bush. Only female trees are capable of fruiting, but in order to pollinate them, at least one male buckthorn variety is planted with several specimens. Pollinating varieties bloom beautifully, they can be distinguished by 3-4 year for larger scaly buds. The pollen is very fine, carried by the wind.
The third feature is the ability of the root system to assimilate atmospheric nitrogen, which allows the plant to survive successfully even on depleted soils. This is possible due to the superficial location of the roots and the formation of numerous growths on them - nodules.
Sea buckthorn blooms in May, forming inflorescences in the form of short brushes. As the berries grow, they stick a sprig very tightly, resembling a corn-cob. In shape, they can be different - round, ovate, elongated, similar to a barrel, in color - all shades of orange. Berries ripen depending on the variety - starting in August and ending in October.
Multicolored abundance of healing products
Note! On sale there are combined plants of sea buckthorn - this is when a female variety is grafted onto a male specimen. Such a shrub consists of branches with feminine and masculine elements, bears fruit well, produces larger fruits.
Grades: the most, the most ...
Two seabuckthorn breeding schools, Siberian and European, are successfully operating in Russia.
More than 7 dozens of new varieties have been developed - large-fruited, high-yielding, with improved taste characteristics, high content of vitamins, less studded shoots.
In order not to get lost in the abundance of the proposed varieties, we propose to consider them in the context of the most attractive characteristics for the gardener.
The most delicious
Those who want to extract from the berries not only benefit, but also get delicious fragrant preparations for the winter, you should pay attention to the dessert varieties. They are not so sour and suitable for fresh consumption.
- Sea buckthorn Favorite has one of the highest tasting ratings. Its rather large (0.7 g), bright orange berries, collected in loose ears, have an amazing aroma and sour-sladky taste. The preferred form of cultivation is a shrub in several trunks, the culture endures frost tolerance, is not susceptible to diseases. Fruits abundantly and annually, looks beautiful in decorative plantings, hedges.
- Panteleev Sea-buckthorn is a mid-late, high-yielding variety with leveled large fruits of red-orange color and sweet, with a pleasant sour taste. A low tree (up to 2.5 m) forms a dense spherical crown with a small number of thorny shoots. When collecting berries are easily removed from the branch, not crushed, well transported.
- Altai variety has a high sugar content (9.7%), so its berries are sweet, juicy, with pineapple smell. Other advantages include the compact crown with practically no thorns, large-fruited (up to 0.7 g), easy dry tearing of berries, summer ripening (end of August).
- Another dessert cultivar of Siberian breeding is Jam's sea buckthorn. Her berries are red-orange, large (up to 0.9 g), with sweet pulp and a pleasant aroma. The shrub begins to bear fruit already at 3-4 years, the fruits ripen at the end of summer.
Golden ears of Altai variety
If you rely on a multivitamin composition, a high content of ascorbic acid, carotene, oils, you will like the following varieties.
- Sea buckthorn Pepper is a winter-hardy variety of Leningrad breeding. It has a high content of ascorbic acid in berries (193 mg per 100 g of the product), therefore, their taste is rather sour, with a rich aroma. Fruits are standard in size, very beautiful - ovoid, bright orange, with a shiny skin. In the hands of the berries sit pretty tight, but come off well, without damaging the pulp.
- The high level of oil content is different Siberian grade Zivko. It has a technical purpose, its berries are of standard size, come off without damage to the pulp, shoots without thorns.
- Vitamin Sea Buckthorn has a high content of antioxidants in the fruits - flavonoids (137 mg) and ascorbic acid (up to 195 mg). Shrub tall, has a pyramidal crown, begins to bear fruit early (for 3 years). The berries are barrels-like, have a light orange color with a crimson spot at the top, ripen in September.
Vitamin Sea buckthorn - the name corresponds to the content
A thornless sea buckthorn is a gardener's dream, therefore many breeders have directed efforts to develop such varieties. There are cultivars completely devoid of thorns; for many, their number and sharpness are minimized.
- Among the security leaders is the Giant variety. This is a shrub or tree with a cone-shaped crown up to 3.5 m high, summer shoots are practically without thorns. Fruits are cylindrical, saturated orange color, on a short stalk, sit tightly on the cob. The size is above average, the taste of the pulp is sweet and sour.
- The sea buckthorn variety Solnechny has no analogues either in safety or taste. A shrub with a powerful spreading crown has no thorns.Large fruits (0.7 g) of a pleasant amber color contain a high percentage of sugars and oils, they are good both for processing and fresh consumption.
In addition to the above varieties, there are almost no thorns from the varieties Augustine, Openwork, Altai, Pearl oyster, Golden cascade, Nivelen, Essel.
Variety Giant - and it is nice and easy to collect!
The most fruitful
If for old varieties of berry bushes the maximum yield is 5–6 kg per bush, then for modern and 18–20 kg there is no limit.
- Sea-buckthorn Botanical - medium-early, winter-hardy variety with very abundant fruiting. At the age of 5–6 years, with proper care, up to 20 kg of large, juicy, red-orange fruits are harvested from one plant. A definite plus is the dry separation of berries and good transportability, which allows to grow crops on an industrial scale.
- It is famous for its yield and dessert variety of sea-buckthorn Moscow beauty. Srednerosly compact bush literally plastered with fairly large berries (6.5 g) of intense orange color. The plant bears fruit annually and abundantly, upon reaching the optimum age gives a stable yield of up to 12-15 kg per shrub. In addition, the culture is winter-hardy, unpretentious in the care, resistant to adverse factors and diseases.
- Good yield (9–11 kg) and a sweet-and-sour taste in the Chuy cultivar. Orange shiny berries of oval-elongated shape are collected in dense ears, ripen in summer. The tree itself is compact, with a sprawling, medium density crown, lends itself well to formation.
Variety Botanical beats records for yield Berry bouquet - fruiting shoots cultivar Chuy
Sea buckthorn is a Siberian plant, therefore winter hardiness is its usual characteristic. And yet I would like to mention a few particularly frost-resistant varieties.
- Sea buckthorn golden ear - medium late maturity, among the merits in the description of the variety - high winter hardiness, good yield, early onset of fruiting (by 3 years), weak twisted branches. Small berries (0.4–0.5 g), golden-orange, collected in dense brush-cobs.
- Trofimovskaya sea buckthorn is a highly winter-hardy variety. Fruits are large (up to 0.7 g), elongated, orange with a red tinge, rich in ascorbic acid, ripen in early September. Shrub tall, sprawling, forms an umbrella crown, can withstand not only the Siberian frosts, but also the European winter temperatures.
The Katuni, Vladimirka, Popular, Botanical Amateur, Otradnaya also belong to the winter-hardy group.
Golden Ear - a fair characteristic in the literal and figurative sense
Sweet sea buckthorn varieties
Fruits of sea buckthorn “Favorite” are intense orange, large with strong skin. The pulp has a pronounced sweetness (the proportion of sugars is 7.3%). Shrubs of moderate height with straight outstretched branches. High winter hardiness, affected by diseases and pests slightly. Fruits ripen by the end of August. Yields are abundant and annual. Long stalk and dry separation of berries greatly facilitate the harvest. "Favorite" is good fresh and for making juice, does not lose its taste when frozen.
• Fruit weight 0.7 gr.
• Harvest 8 kg from a bush
Virtues: sweet taste of fruits, dry tearing of berries, good transportability
Disadvantages: the presence of thorns on the shoots
“Altai” is remarkable for its fruits with high sugar content (9.7%). The flesh is sweet, juicy. The plant is of medium height (3-4 m) with a thick but compact crown. The branches are almost without thorns. It tolerates severe frosts, resistant to diseases and pests. Fruits oval bright orange color with a dry margin. Ripening season - beginning of September, used fresh and for processing.
• Fruit weight 0.7 - 0.9 gr.
• Harvest 7 - 8 kg. from the bush
Advantages: sweet berries with pineapple flavor, thornless shoots, dry fruit separation
disadvantages: average yield, demanding irrigation
“Pearl oyster” is also among the sweet dessert varieties. The fruits of this type of bright orange color on a long stalk (5-6 mm). Sweet flesh with a delicate flavor (sugar content up to 8%). Sea buckthorn low (up to 2.5 m), compact, branches with rare spikes. The grade with excellent frost resistance, for the third year enters fructification. In mid-August, a crop of 10-12 kg per bush is ripening. Resistance to diseases and pests is not bad.
• Fruit weight 0.7 - 0.8 gr.
• Harvest 10 - 12 kg. from the bush
• Maturing term - early
Advantages: fragrant sweet fruit, weak volatility, excellent frost resistance, precociousness
Disadvantages: low drought tolerance
Dessert with tasty sweet and sour fruits (sugar content 7-8.9%). Small bush with a crown of moderate thickness. "Elizabeth" perfectly tolerates frosts and poorly susceptible to disease. The young plant begins to fructify for the fourth year. Fruits are large cylindrical orange. A 5-6 mm long fruit stem and a semi-dry detachment facilitate harvesting. The variety has a good yield.
• Fruit weight 0.9 - 1.1 gr.
• Harvest 14-15 kg. from the bush
• Late maturity
Advantages: large sweet berries, weak thorniness of the branches, good yield.
Disadvantages: late maturation
Low-growing varieties of sea buckthorn
In low-growing varieties of sea buckthorn bush height does not exceed 2 - 2.5 m, which greatly facilitates the harvest and the care of the plant.
A low bush up to 2 m, compact crown with short shoots. Fruits are conical elongated, light orange with a reddish base, large (0.8 g). Juicy sweet and sour pulp with bitterness. Variety resistant to major diseases. Sea buckthorn matures in mid-September. Harvest from the bush can be 10 kg.
• Fruit weight 0.8 gr.
• Harvest 10 kg. from the bush
• Late maturity
Advantages: undersized, productive, dry separation of berries, steady against diseases
Disadvantages: late ripening, thorny branches
Very accurate name for this species of sea buckthorn. Shrubs grow to only 1.5 m, the crown is compact, shoots with a small number of thorns. Fruits are dark orange medium size oblong. The skin of the berries is thin, bursting when over ripened. Variety "Thumbelina" winter-hardy, poorly susceptible to diseases and pests. Ripens sea buckthorn until mid-August. Crops plentiful to 20 kg from a plant.
• Fruit weight 0.6 - 0.7 gr.
• Harvest 20 kg. from the bush
• Early ripening
Advantages: short, high-yielding, frost-resistant
Disadvantages: wet break berries
One of the best undersized varieties in many respects. Bushes with a height of 1-1.2 m have a compact crown. The branches are straight, moderately leafy with small spines on the ends. Fruits are bright orange with a reddish top, medium in size with strong skin. The taste is sweet-sour (the share of sugars is 7%). A 5 mm long fruit stem and dry tearing of berries facilitate harvesting. "Bayan-Gol" is beginning to bear fruit in the third year. By mid-August, a ripe crop is ready for harvest. View with excellent winter hardiness and resistance to desiccation and gall mites.
• Fruit weight 0.6 gr.
• Harvest 5 kg. from the bush
• Early ripening
Advantages: short, skoroplodny, dry separation of berries, high winter hardiness
Disadvantages: average yield
Mild breed with a moderately sprawling crown. Fruits are oval-elongated, dark red color on a long stalk. Taste sweet and sour dessert. Berries are large (0.7-0.9 g) universal purpose. Variety tolerates frost, resistant to diseases. Ripening sea buckthorn falls on the second half of August. Abundant crops. Variety "Ryzhik" zoned for cultivation in the Urals.
• Fruit weight 0.7 - 0.9 gr.
• Harvest 19 kg. from the bush
Advantages: low-growing, productive, frost-resistant
Disadvantages: spiky shoots
Sea buckthorn varieties without thorns and thorns
Spiny shoots of sea buckthorn greatly complicate the collection of berries. But breeders successfully solve this problem. Many varieties with virtually no thorns and spines have been developed. Consider some of them.
Plants of restrained growth, crown moderately sprawling with straight shoots without thorns and thorns. Berries are large (0.8-1.0 g.). Orange are sitting on the middle (3-4 mm) fruit stem with a dry margin. The pulp is sweet and sour aromatic (the proportion of sugar is up to 6%). The species is characterized by strong frost resistance (up to -40) and good disease resistance. Harvest matures by the end of August.
• Fruit weight 0.8 - 1.0 gr.
• Harvest 6 - 7 kg. from the bush
Advantages: spikes without thorns, weak-growing, dry separation of berries, strong frost resistance
Disadvantages: average yield
"Excellent" is remarkable for the complete absence of thorns on the branches. Bushes of medium height with a spreading crown. Fruits of a cylindrical form are light orange on a 3–4 mm long stem with a semi-dry separation (when harvested they are damaged, but few). Taste sweet and sour dessert. Winter hardiness and disease resistance are decent. In late August, the harvest can be removed. This species can be successfully grown everywhere.
• Fruit weight 0.7 - 0.9 gr.
• Harvest 12-15 kg. from the bush
Advantages: shoots without thorns, dessert taste of berries, fruitful, high resistance to mycous drying
Disadvantages: may be damaged by gall mite and sea buckthorn fly
"Giant" - a popular type of sea buckthorn due to the lack of thorns on the shoots. Tree shrub 3-3.5 m tall with sparse crown and drooping branches. Fruits are cylindrical yellow-orange in color (0.8-0.9 g). Taste pulp sweet and sour with tart notes. The stem is 4-5 mm long with a half-dry margin. Winter-resistant variety with good disease resistance. Sea buckthorn is ripening by mid-September.
• Fruit weight 0.8 - 0.9 gr.
• Harvest 5-10 kg. from the bush
• Late maturity
Virtues: lack of thorns on the branches, large fruits of universal purpose
Disadvantages: average yield, late maturation
In the form of "Chechek" bushes restrained growth on the branches almost no thorns. Drugs of a cylindrical shape are orange with a reddish tinge at the base, large 0.8-1.0 g. The pulp is sour-sweet (sugar up to 8%) with a high content of oil and carotenoids. Berries on a long stalk with a dry margin. The plant remarkably withstands frost, has good resistance to disease. Harvest ripen in the first half of September.
• Fruit weight 0.8 - 1.0 gr.
• Harvest 10 -12 kg. from the bush
Advantages: unsprayed shoots, light-growing, large-fruited, dry separation of berries
Disadvantages: protection from sea buckthorn flies is required.
Varieties of large sea buckthorn
In nature, wild sea buckthorn berries weighing 0.2-0.3 grams. In cultivated varieties of sea buckthorn fruit weight is usually 0.4-0.6 grams. Large-fruited species differ in fruits weighing from 0.7 gr to 1.5 gr. Below is a description of record-breaking varieties of large fruit.
One of the advantages of the Essel variety is large (up to 1.2 gr.) Fruits. Shrubs low sprawling with thornless shoots. Drugs bright orange cylindrical with pronounced sweetness in taste and light aroma. Long stem (5-6 mm), semi-dry separation of berries. It tolerates frosts. Ripening season - the end of August. The yield of a young plant is about 5 kg, under favorable conditions up to 10 kg.
• Fruit weight 0.9 - 1.2 gr.
• Harvest 5-10 kg.
Advantages: large fruit, sweet taste of berries, very weak ambience
disadvantages: semi-dry separation of berries, without protection suffers from sea buckthorn flies
Large fruited variety. Drugs large weighing 1.1-1.4 grams. Shrubs of moderate growth with a neat crown. Sprigs with a small number of thorns. The fruits are round, bright orange with a thin skin. Long peduncle with a light margin. The flesh is sweet and sour (the proportion of sugars is about 9%), tender. The berries are good and fresh and for harvesting. Frost resistance is good. The sea buckthorn is ripening in mid-August. Crops from a young bush are 5 kg, increasing to 17 kg in an adult plant.
• Fruit weight 1.1 - 1.4 g
• Harvest 17 kg.
• Early ripening
Advantages: large tasty berries, low concentration, high-yielding, early ripening
Disadvantages: average disease and pest resistance
The variety “Sun” has large (0.9–1.6 g.) Drupes of a cylindrical shape of red-orange color on a long stalk with a dry margin. Pulp aromatic and sweet-sour taste. The shrub is of low height, the crown is slightly spreading, there are almost no thorns on the shoots. Frost-resistant, disease resistance satisfactory. The sea buckthorn is ripening at the end of August. Up to 11 kg can be removed from the bush.
• Fruit weight 0.9 - 1.6 gr.
• Harvest 11 kg.
Virtues: large sweet fruits, low-thorny branches, dry separation of berries, high resistance to desiccation
The variety “Amber Necklace” has an average weight of 1.5 gr. Shrub medium height, moderately spreading crown. Drugs are oval, amber-orange with strong skin on a long stalk. The taste is sweet and sour with a predominance of acidity (sugars 5%, acid 2.4%). A variety with good frost resistance and resistance to diseases and pests. Harvests harvest by mid-September. Up to 14 kg can be collected from a bush.
• Fruit weight 1.5 gr.
• Harvest 14 kg.
Advantages: large fruits, high frost resistance and disease resistance, good yield
Disadvantages: late ripening
"Gift to the Garden"
Shrub average growth (about 3 m), compact. Thorns at the shoots only on the tops. Berries are elongated and rounded, densely orange with a reddish base, average weight 0.6–0.8 g, long stem (5-6 mm), thin. The flesh is tender, tart to taste. In the fruiting "Gift Garden" enters the third year. Variety with excellent frost resistance and disease resistance. Pest damage is negligible. Crop abundant, ripening in the second half of August.
• Fruit weight 0.6 - 0.8 gr.
• Harvest 15 - 20 kg. from the bush
Advantages: shoots with rare thorns, skoropplodny, frost-resistant, fruitful, dry separation of berries
Shrub about 2.5 m tall with a neat crown. Drugs of bright orange color, reddish at the base and on top. The pulp is aromatic with a sweet and sour taste. Fruits are large with thin skin, long stem. "Muscovite" perfectly tolerates frost, almost not damaged by diseases and pests. Harvests harvest by early September.
• Fruit weight 0.8 gr.
• Harvest 10 kg. from the bush
Virtues: tasty large fruits, high winter hardiness, good transportability
Disadvantages: spines on the shoots
The plant is medium-sized, the crown is moderately sprawling, single sparse spines on the branches. Drugs yellowish-orange round shape with fragrant sweet-sour pulp, medium size 0.5 - 0.8 gr. Variety with excellent winter hardiness, slightly damaged by diseases and pests. Sea buckthorn begins to bear fruit in the third year after landing. Lasts in the second half of August. Crops can reach 25 kg under favorable conditions.
• Fruit weight 0.5 - 0.8 gr.
• Harvest 25 kg.
Advantages: weak volatility, high winter hardiness, fruitful, skoroplodny
Disadvantages: semi dry fruit separation
Sea buckthorn varieties for the Urals and Siberia
Shrub short, sprawling with branches without thorns. Fruits are orange, cylindrical on a long stalk, large (1.0 - 1.2). The pulp is sour-sweet (the proportion of sugars is up to 9%). The variety has excellent winter hardiness, drought resistance, disease resistance. Harvest ripen in late August. Productivity 6 kg.
• Fruit weight 1.0 - 1.2 gr.
• Harvest 6 kg. from the bush
Advantages: large fruits, shoots without thorns, high winter hardiness
Disadvantages: damaged sea buckthorn fly, low yields
The undersized bush (about 2.5 m) of moderate thickness with shoots without thorns. Fruits are red-orange, oval in shape on a long stalk with a semi-dry separation. The taste of the flesh is sweet and sour. "Jam" has a high content of carotenoids and oils. It tolerates frosty winters, is relatively susceptible to diseases and pests. Ripening season - the end of August. Harvest 9 -12 kg from the plant.
• Fruit weight 0.7 - 0.8 gr.
• Harvest 9 - 12 kg from a bush
Advantages: short stature, thornless shoots, tasty large berries, high winter hardiness
Disadvantages: semidry separation of berries, relative resistance to sea buckthorn fly
Bush or tree of medium height with a sparse crown, branches with a small number of thorns. Fruits are large cylindrical, orange on a short fruit stem with a semi-dry separation. The taste of flesh is sweet and sour. Variety with high winter hardiness. Ripening season is the second half of August. The harvest is 10-12 kg. from one bush. Resistance to diseases and pests is not good enough. Sea buckthorn "Chui" is zoned also for the Moscow region.
• Fruit weight 0.8 - 0.9 gr.
• Harvest 10 -12 kg. from the bush
Advantages: weak shoots, large fruits of universal application, high frost resistance
Disadvantages: semi dry berry separation, medium resistance to diseases and pests
" Lady fingers"
"Ladies Fingers" - a variety of Chelyabinsk selection. Bushes of medium height with a moderately sprawling crown. Drugs are large, cylindrical, bright orange in color. The flesh is sweet-sour pleasant taste. The stem is long, dry separation of the berries. Variety with excellent winter hardiness. It is time to harvest - the end of August. Productivity 6 kg. from the bush.
• Fruit weight 1.0 - 1.3 gr.
• Harvest 6 kg. from the bush
Advantages: large fruits of dessert taste, dry separation of berries, high winter hardiness
Disadvantages: weak sea buckthorn fly resistance
Well, a few words about pollinator varieties. Sea buckthorn varieties Aley, Dwarf, Dear friend, Ural are bred solely for pollination of female buckthorn plants. They are characterized by long flowering and large quantities of pollen - volatile and viable. It is enough to plant one such bush and high yields will be provided.
Dear visitors of the “Dacha plot”, tireless gardeners, gardeners and flower growers. We suggest you take a proficiency test and find out whether you can trust a shovel and let you with it in the garden.
Features of sea buckthorn
On our domestic expanses its name is explained quite simply - the branches of the tree are abundantly covered with bright orange fruits from all sides. The leaves are narrow, elongated, shade of blue, the flowers are so inconspicuous that at first glance they can be easily mistaken for leaves. As already mentioned, depending on the cultivar, sea buckthorn can be short or high.
When does sea buckthorn bloom? By the very beginning of May or closer to its middle, small short tassels bloom on the branches, in each of them there are 3-5 small flowers of a yellowish shade. Flowers bloom in the first place, the leaves follow them.
Here it is necessary to mention one peculiarity of the sea buckthorn - only females are blooming, there are bunches of stamens present on the male trees. There is pollen on these stamens, which is easily carried by the wind to the female inflorescences, as a result of which pollination occurs. If you slightly disturb the blooming male branch, you can see a little cloud of this very pollen. Sea buckthorn flowers have no aroma, so do not attract bees.
How sea buckthorn blooms, photo:
To get a good harvest, be sure to plant male and female trees together. Fruits give only female plants, male are only pollinators. Sometimes one male representative is enough for pollination, which can grow at a considerable distance (up to 50 meters) from female specimens. Windy weather contributes to the process.
The sea buckthorn is female and male - their difference is that the male tree can grow even from wild shoots, but the female must necessarily have a “cultural” origin. As mentioned above, the floor of the tree is determined by the appearance of the buds. The male variety is easiest to identify in spring or autumn, the female can easily be identified in summer, when the tree blossoms and bears fruit. Female kidneys are much smaller than male ones, covered with a pair of scales. Male buds are larger, voluminous, have from 5 to 7 covering scales.
Male sea buckthorn - right, female - left, photo:
A branch of a male plant in spring Branch of the female plant in the spring
When sea buckthorn matures? From the last weeks of August until the beginning of October, depending on the climate in the growing region. However, there are some nuances: the time of harvesting depends on the purpose for which you need berries. For freezing or eating fresh sea buckthorn, fruits should be collected at the very beginning of their ripening (the end of the calendar summer-beginning of autumn). By this time they are already saturated with vitamins, but they are hard enough to touch, do not ooze juice. If berries are needed to get butter, make all sorts of jam, jams, sauces, then you need to wait until they are fully ripe. Ripe fruits are filled with juice, slightly soft.
Why is it difficult to collect sea buckthorn?
This task is quite difficult, the process can be traumatic due to the sharp spines that cover the branches. The sea buckthorn has short enough stem, and ripe berries are soft to the touch, easily crumpled under the fingers. Plus, the fruit juice is very sour and can irritate the skin of the hands with prolonged contact. What to do in this case?
There are radical methods in which the branches are cut with the fruits, but it is rather cruel to the tree. Experienced gardeners have found a way out of this situation. To begin with, before harvesting, put on the clothes that will not be a shame to get dirty, and this will inevitably happen. The second rule is to collect fruits from the top of the branch towards the bottom.
How to collect sea buckthorn:
- The first method is a rough one, in which branches with fruits are neatly cut and immediately frozen. Frozen berries are easily removed from the branches, but this method is suitable only for those cases when you need them just frozen.
- The second method - manual, in the same way collect cherries, cherries, apricots and other fruits. It is traumatic, takes a lot of time, requires increased attention.
- The third method is “skilled hands”, i.e. manufacture of auxiliary devices. A device for picking sea-buckthorn berries - nylon rope is stretched between the cattle-catchers
Gardeners go for various tricks: a sharp scraper is attached to a long stick with tape, which, as it were, combs berries from branches. Your assistant should be at the bottom and hold either an open bag or an open umbrella for picking berries. Sometimes use a knife with a long handle and collect the fruit on the same principle. However, the most convenient device is considered to be a “cobra” - this is a popular name that has taken root among gardeners and summer residents. The device is a loop of dense wire, which is securely attached to a long holder. You can drill two holes at the end of a round stick and thread a wire through them. For convenience, the loop itself is slightly bent so that when viewed from the side it resembles a cobra hood, the top of the loop should be slightly narrowed. The place of fixing the wire must be securely fastened (wound with wire), several times wrap with insulating tape. Now you can quite comfortably cut the cobra stalks, from below you can open an umbrella where the berries will fall.
The method of collecting sea buckthorn "cobra" is the most acceptable, low-impact. You can also wait for the first frost, spread a fabric or piece of polyethylene under a tree, then arm yourself with a heavy stick and attack the trunk with branches with it. Frozen fruits will be separated from the blows from the branches and fall onto the prepared blanket. Decide for yourself - it will be more convenient for you.
Watch a few videos, maybe you will use ideas, picking berries with fixtures that you can easily make yourself, with your own hands.
How to plant sea buckthorn?
Before planting, you need to decide on the variety - the selected species must be adapted to the climate of your region. It is best to purchase sea buckthorn seedlings in proven places, for example, in fruit tree nurseries or in horticultural institutes. Additionally, you will be assured of the purity of the variety. It should be borne in mind that this crop has a very short period of rest, so that the tree does not “wake up” in the middle of winter, choose those varieties that are designed for cultivation in your area.
Sea buckthorn can be planted with the arrival of spring or autumn, but it is preferable to do it in early spring - so it is better to take root. If you plant a tree in the fall, then a sudden winter warming can trigger its awakening. When choosing a place, give preference to zones near buildings, paths - away from areas where active garden activities are in full swing.
The fact is that the sea buckthorn has cord-like roots, which are located in the upper layers of the soil (approximately 50 cm). They are quite long, can diverge to the side at a distance of more than 10 meters. Thus, the roots can be damaged when digging, they are very sensitive, so even at the slightest injury the sea buckthorn can get sick. Generally, digging the soil around this tree is not recommended, even if you do it carefully. Digging provokes the appearance of overgrowth, especially in the places of “hurt” roots. Light loosening hoes will be enough. For this light-loving culture, choose open, non-shaded places.
Even in the autumn, do not be too lazy to add sand with humus mixed in equal amounts (2 kg / 1 m² or per hole) to the appointed place, phosphorus-potassium additives are also relevant. If there are several trees, then the distance between them should be about 2-3 meters. Be sure to attend male sea buckthorn (for pollination). As mentioned above, for 5-6 female trees, 1 male is enough. The process itself is no different from planting other fruit representatives: the hole should be about 70 × 70 × 70 cm, at the bottom you need to form a small hill, gently spread the roots along its slopes. After this, the pit is filled with soil just above the root collar, after its shrinkage the neck should be flush with the soil level. After planting, a wide hole is formed around the tree, which needs to be filled with water in the amount of approximately two buckets.
Sea buckthorn care
Caring for seedlings is a regular watering, you should know that sea buckthorn - moisture-loving culture. When the seedling is strong and becomes a tree, then it is no longer necessary to water it too often, only during a drought. It does not make sense to add top dressing in the near-stem circle, because the cord-like root system of the tree diverges to the sides and stretches for many meters. When the sea buckthorn starts to produce fruits, it can be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers, 1 time in 3 years (4-5 kg of humus per 1 m², 20-30 potassium-phosphorus additives).
You should also carefully remove the weeds in the area of the circle of the trunk, not too actively loosen the ground (without digging in more than 7-10 cm). Pruning branches and the formation of the crown is best done in the spring, while the buds have not yet dismissed. After the sea buckthorn tree is 8 years old, you can practice rejuvenating pruning - remove old branches, preferring three-year shoots. Dried, frozen, diseased fragments must also be removed.
How to propagate sea buckthorn?
The process is carried out using cuttings, overgrowths and seeds. It is impractical to describe the seed method in detail, since this method takes too much time. The resulting plants do not inherit the varietal quality of the mother tree, most often it turns out "wild". Often, sea buckthorn propagated by seeds in the laboratory to obtain new varieties, hybrids.
With young breeding young sea buckthorn inherits all the features of the main tree. Selected representatives are regularly watered in spring and especially in summer, with the arrival of the new spring, the process is carefully cut off with a small fragment of the root, and then planted in a separate place of residence.
How to propagate sea buckthorn layers? It is necessary to select those branches that are most closely located to the ground. In the spring, near these branches, small depressions in the soil are made (about 10 cm), the branches bend down and pin to the ground with wire brackets. When these branches give shoots, the pinned place is covered with soil. The following year, again, with the arrival of spring, they are dug up, cut off with the help of a secateur and transferred to a permanent place of residence or rearing.
The most qualitative and productive way of reproduction is the cutting method. The cuttings of sea buckthorn are no different from cuttings of other fruit trees - everything happens in a similar way. Approximately in the middle of summer, cut a beautiful and strong cutting (approximately 15-20 cm in length), pinch off the three lower leaves, cut the cut site with “Kornevin” (optional), embed the end of the cutting into nutrient soil, substrate or into moist vermiculite. A mixture of clean river sand, fertile soil and peat is perfect. From above cover a stalk with a plastic transparent glass to make something like a hothouse.
In the room where cuttings are germinated, the air temperature should be approximately +26 .. + 28 ° C. Young livestock should be regularly watered, irrigated with a spray gun, periodically ventilated (raise the cup). After about 8 weeks, the coating is removed, and the cutting is fed with potash-phosphorus additives. The coating is no longer used, the seedling is watered and waiting for a new spring. When it is stronger, it is transferred to a permanent growing place.
Sometimes on garden forums you can meet such a question - why does not sea buckthorn bear fruit? The answer is really simple: sea buckthorn is a dioecious culture, in order to receive fruit, the presence of male and female specimens is required in one area. If only “girls” grow in you, then they will not bear fruit, “boys” do not bear fruit at all, but are only pollinators. To solve the problem in the spring can be planted on the site a couple of shrubs of the opposite sex. It is best to choose the cultural male varieties "Aley" or "Dwarf". Just in case it is better to plant two male trees right away, if one of them dies or freezes in winter. Also, vaccination gives good results - you can take a few branches from a healthy tree of the opposite sex (for example, from a country house neighbor) and graft them onto your buckthorn with the arrival of spring.
Varieties and varieties of sea buckthorn
Sea buckthorn is dioecious. This means that in order to obtain crops, it is necessary to plant near both a female and male trees. Picking berries is somewhat hampered by the thorny branches of the plant. But from the more than 60 varieties of sea buckthorn bred today there are its varieties without spines.
Sea buckthorn is grown throughout Russia. All varieties of this culture can be divided into 2 groups, that is, derived for:
- cultivation in the European part of the country with a changeable climate,
- cultivation in the sharply continental climate zone of Siberia.
And for each region there is enough of its high-yielding varieties, zoned under a certain area with its climatic features. When choosing a particular variety for yourself, it is better to first familiarize yourself with its description and growing conditions;
Among the most winter-hardy varieties of culture can be identified such ones as “Gift of Katun”, “Popular”, “Golden Ear” and some others. For cultivation in the Urals and Siberia, “Giant”, “Chui”, “Trofimovskaya”, “Excellent” are among the popular varieties. And in the middle lane are considered successful:
- Moscow beauty - dessert destination, spikes a little,
- Botanical amateur - early ripening, with a small number of thorns,
- Nivelena - with large berries, good frost resistance.
There are many other varieties that are sufficiently demanded for cultivation. Depending on preferences, you can choose a sweeter or sour variety, with a greater or lesser proportion of sea buckthorn oil and vitamin content.
Features of planting sea buckthorn
Sea buckthorn is a light-loving plant. Therefore, under the landing, you must choose a well-lit and sunny place. Culture does not tolerate the neighborhood with other plants, so the sea buckthorn is planted away from garden beds and fruit trees or bushes. The most favorable time for planting is early spring. During the warm period, the tree will be able to root well and grow stronger. It is possible to plant sea buckthorn in the fall, but in this case there is a possibility of its freezing.
This culture loves soils of light and loamy, not too acidic. Heavy soil requires the addition of coarse sand. For planting, it is better to choose saplings of the age of 1-2 years, about 40 cm long. A male plant is planted from the side of blowing winds for better pollination of a female tree.
Attention! Sea buckthorn does not tolerate soils with high acidity. If there is such a soil on the site, it is necessary to plant it before planting, repeating it then every 3-5 years.
Choosing a place for planting and preparing a sapling, you need:
- Dig a landing hole. It should be about 60 cm deep and about 50-60 cm in diameter.
- Put into the pit 2 buckets of organic matter - manure, compost or humus, as well as superphosphate within 200 g. All this is well mixed.
For reproduction cultures use several methods. This can be done using:
Seed method is used mainly in breeding culture. But overgrowth and layering often use ordinary gardeners for breeding sea buckthorn.
Diseases and pests of culture
Sea buckthorn is practically not subject to attacks of pests and diseases. An exception is such an incurable disease, such as wilt or verticilous wilt - the berries shrivel first and then dry out. The affected branches are cut at the trunk, but if this does not help to stop the development of the disease, the tree is cut down completely. In addition, the sea buckthorn can attack aphid in early summer, damaging the young shoots.
Sea buckthorn is very healthy. In addition, during the fruiting period, it is a wonderful decoration of the garden. By planting female and male plants of the same ripening period on your plot, you can provide yourself with a vitamin crop for the whole winter.
Growing sea buckthorn: photo
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For many years, my sea buckthorn has been growing on my backyard. I grow it in one trunk and cut off all the excess, especially inside the crown, and the yield does not fall. I have chronic gastritis and I treat it with homemade sea buckthorn oil. I skip through the meat grinder with unrefined vegetable oil and insist for 10 days. For several years now I have not taken medication for gastritis. Sea buckthorn oil treats many more diseases that grows well with me only I water a lot like this.
When planting sea buckthorn, you need to choose a place away from the site where the beds with vegetables are broken, because it grows fast and will shade the landing. And sea buckthorn has such a feature: it gives a lot of shoots from the roots, at what they can sprout at a distance of 2-3 meters from the tree itself. These young shoots are already thorny and difficult to pull out of the ground - the roots stretch deep.
The most "courageous"
Whatever varieties of sea buckthorn you prefer, you cannot do without a pollinator variety. The choice of "boys" is not as great as the "girls", among the most sought after - handsome Aley and Dwarf.
- Sea buckthorn variety Aley is a powerful sprawling shrub of Siberian breeding with a luxurious crown, viable flower buds, abundant and long flowering. On the shoots does not have thorns, a single ovary is possible, gives a lot of shoots.
- The Gnome male cultivar is characterized by productivity, winter hardiness, disease resistance. It is a short growing (not higher than 2.5 m), compact bush with large dark green leaves, concave to the center of the plate by a boat. The Little Dwarf has high-quality and very fine pollen that can fertilize more than 10 female plants.
Aley on the eve of spring flowering
Interesting! A new direction of breeding is the breeding of sea buckthorn varieties that do not need a pollinator. Self-bearing sea buckthorn hybrid is the first result of this search. A tree up to 3 m high is capable of tying large berries weighing up to 2 g without a male plant in the garden.
Sea buckthorn feminization is a self-fertile variety
The most original
Fans of exotic wonders in the garden will enjoy the unusual sort of herringbone. Shrub decorative rather than fruit. The bush is low, cone-shaped, with a narrowed crown. The similarity with the Christmas tree is caught in the arrangement of the twigs and narrow lanceolate leaves. The berries are small, lemon green in color, sour to the taste.
Until now, there is an erroneous idea that once a sea buckthorn is a Siberian plant, it will even more take root in milder European conditions. This is not true. In parallel, two areas of breeding are developing - Siberian and European.
There are, of course, universal forms, but, nevertheless, European shrubs are more adapted to the conditions of the winter temperature difference, prolonged thaws, and arid summer. They have better resistance to fungal infections.
European sea buckthorn is suitable for the Moscow region and the middle band. These are Augustine, Moscow beauty, Giant, Botanical, Vatutinskaya, Nivelena, Ryabinovaya, Perchik.
Siberian cultivars, on the contrary, have a shorter period of deep dormancy, they withstand severe frosts, but may freeze after thaw, and do not like heat. The best varieties of sea buckthorn for Siberia are: Radiant, Panteleevskaya, Superb, Chuy, Bountiful, Giant, Favorite.
The Ural climate is ideal for growing this berry bush and is able to provide yields in the range of 15–20 kg from a tree, but this is subject to planting of zoned material.
Sea buckthorn, bred specifically for this region, is distinguished by its large size, yield and winter hardiness of varieties and is fully adapted for the Urals.
These are Chui, Chanterelle, Ryzhik, Sunny, Bonfire, Amber Necklace.
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The best varieties of sea buckthorn
Sea buckthorn varieties Catherine
More than 60 varieties of sea buckthorn are included in the State Register, and dozens more successfully undergo variety testing. For planting it is best to use sea-buckthorn varieties of local origin, as the most adapted. The varieties Katuni, Orange, Chui, Dar Nugget, Giant and others are popular in Siberia.
In central Russia, the best varieties are: Alei, Botanical, Favorite, Krasnoplodnaya and many others.
The sea buckthorn beloved by many gardeners is a dioecious plant pollinated by wind.
Therefore, in the gardens it is necessary to plant male and female specimens of sea buckthorn at a distance of not more than 10 meters from each other. This is quite enough for reliable pollination.
One male sea buckthorn is capable of pollinating several female plants with high quality, however, for reliability, at least two “boys” should be planted in case of the death of one of the pollinators. If space in the garden is limited, then both male sea buckthorn can be planted side by side, at a distance of half a meter from each other.
Variety of sea buckthorn Avgustinka
AUGUSTINKA Early ripe sea buckthorn variety. The bush is medium-sized, has a medium-sprout umbrella-shaped crown. Suitable for the European part of Russia. The fruits are oval in shape, have a light orange color with a red base, a pleasant aroma and a sour taste. Ripen in mid-August. Productivity more than 16 kg from 6 7 summer bush.
Sea buckthorn - Aley variety
ALAI. Male barren pollinator. Barren. The plant is vigorous with a strong crown. Shoots without thorns, characterized by large buds and shortened internodes. Winter hardiness is high, flower buds easily tolerate frost.
Flowering is long lasting with plenty of viable pollen. The variety is easily propagated by cutting. Loves sunny places, grows well on moisture-rich fertile sandy and loamy soils.
Resistant to pests and diseases.
ALTAI. Included in the State Register of the West-Siberian region. Late maturity. Universal purpose. Medium-sized plant with a compact dense crown. The spines on the shoots are few. Fruits weighing 0.7 g, oval-shaped, bright orange, juicy, sweet, excellent taste. The gap is easy.
BOTANICAL. Srednerosloe tree with a rounded pyramidal shape. The branches are sredneraskidistye, with straight shoots and short spines in the upper part. The leaves are lanceolate, medium in size. In the inflorescence is 6-8 flowers.
Fruits are large, light orange, ovate-rounded, thin skin, juicy flesh, with a pleasant aroma, sour. Productivity 6-7 kg. The separation of the berries is dry and light, the stem is long. Fruits can be consumed fresh. The pulp contains 80 mg% ascorbic acid, 1.9% sugars.
Used to produce sea buckthorn oil.
BOTANICAL AMATEUR. Zoned variety for central Russia. Shrub up to four meters with a pyramidal crown. Spines a bit, the leaves are light green, large. The berries are large, yellow-orange in color, ovate-cylindrical with scales. Have an early gestation period (in the first half of August).
The fruits very quickly overripe and become non-transportable. Pulp with a pleasant smell of pineapple. This sea-buckthorn variety begins to bear fruit in the fourth year after planting. The yield is about 15 kilograms. The shrub is resistant to tracheomycosis and to various pests. Technical purpose.
Sea buckthorn botanical amateur
The variety is winter-hardy, light-requiring, moisture-loving. Bush srednerosly, with a round-sprawling crown. The leaves are green, slightly pubescent, with a silvery touch. Well formed, loves anti-aging pruning shoots. Twisted shoots - 0 - 2 points. In a bud 6 - 8 flowers of which 4 - 8 fruits form.
Fruits are rounded oblong, orange-red, shiny, with a red spot on top. The peel of the fruit is dense, the pulp is juicy, the taste is slightly sour with aroma. The separation of the fruit is dry and light. The term of ripening is medium (10.VIII - 1.IX). The variety is high-yielding: from a 9-year-old bush - more than 25 kg.
Fruits are high in vitamin C (up to 184.8 mg%), carotenoids (up to 5.6 mg%). Transportable. Appointment technical.
GIANT. Tree or srednerosly bush 2.5-3.5 m in height with an oval crown of medium thickness. The main branch is well highlighted, there are no spines on the shoots. He loves the sun and light sandy soil.
Begins annually and abundantly bear fruit in the fourth year after planting. Fruits are cylindrical, large, orange ripen in mid-September. Variety of sea buckthorn universal purpose.
The fruits are suitable for fresh consumption and for various types of processing. Winter hardiness is high.
ELIZABETH. Classic variety of domestic breeding. Bush restrained growth, with a compact crown. Abundant fructification. Fruits are large, orange, cylindrical.
The flesh is juicy, with a sweet and sour taste and a pleasant aroma. This sea buckthorn variety has a high content of vitamins and biologically active substances. Variety late maturity.
Winter-hardy, resistant to pests and diseases.
Sea-buckthorn grade Yolochka
Christmas tree Pretty scarce variety of sea buckthorn. Bush with a cone-shaped, narrow crown. The location of the branches with leaves, very much like a young Christmas tree. The berries ripen by the end of September. Fruits are lemon-green, small, sour. Variety resistant to diseases and frost.
GOLDEN SIBERIA. Bred in the Institute of Horticultural Siberia. Zoned in the Altai Territory. A tree or a bush of medium vigor. Height about 2.5 m, crown of average thickness, oval with a diameter of about 2 m.
The shoots are gray-green, with a spike of 2-3 mm at the end. Leaves lanceolate form, dark green, small. The yield of 11-16 kg. Fruits are large, orange, oval, slightly acidic, universal purpose.
Maturation occurs in early September.
Red vegetable. Homeland sea buckthorn, or Shepherdia - North America. Bush sparse, srednerosly. In terms of sugar content and vitamin content, the fruit of Shepherdia is several times better than ordinary sea buckthorn.
Prickly insignificant. Winter-hardy. The plant is skoroplodnoe and high-yielding. At the time of fruiting enters the 3-4th year. Fruits are red, shiny, irregular in shape, rounded slightly widened to the stem.
The pulp of the berries is sour, juicy, the skin is dense.
Sea buckthorn varieties Muscovite
FAVORITE. The variety is approved for use in the Central, Ural and West Siberian regions of Russia. Shrub medium growth with a flat-rounded crown. Shoots are straight, with small spines and whitish pubescence. The leaves are light green, silvery below.
Fruits are orange, oval-shaped with dense skin. The flesh is medium density, good taste. Maturation occurs in late August. Productivity is high, annual fruiting. The fruits of this buckthorn variety are suitable for various types of processing, freezing and fresh consumption.
Winter hardiness is high. Resistant to pests and diseases.
Moskvichka. Zoned sea buckthorn variety for central Russia. Srednerosly, up to 2.5 m tall bush with a compact pyramidal crown. Fruits are large (0.72 g), dark orange with red spots, oval. The flesh is juicy, aromatic, dessert sweet-sour taste. This variety is productive, transportable, winter-hardy. Resistant to pests and diseases.
MOSCOW ANANA. Bush tall (up to 3 m), mid-range. Shoots straight with a few spines. The leaves are green, on the lower side there is a silver coating.
Fruits are orange with a red "tan", pear-shaped with a thin peel, fragrant. The flesh is juicy, the taste is sweet and sour. The fruits of this type of sea buckthorn ripen in the second half of August. The skin is thin, delicate, the pulp is juicy, with aroma.
Productivity is good. The variety is resistant to pests and diseases.
Sea buckthorn Moscow Beauty
MOSCOW BEAUTY. Medium-sized, compact tree with few spines. Fruits are slightly more than average, oblong, yellow-orange with a red spot at the base.
The ripening period is the second decade of August. The flesh is tender, sour taste with a faint aroma.The skin is thick, dense, dryness, good transportability.
This variety of dessert destination is resistant to pests, diseases and winter frosts.
NIVELENA. Included in the State Register of the North-West region. Bush srednerosly, slightly sprawling, umbrella-shaped crown. Shoots are straight, low-fingered, light brown, dull. The leaves are small, lanceolate, green.
Multi-flowered inflorescence consisting of small nondescript flowers. The berries are large, yellow-orange, rounded. The flesh is sweet and sour, aromatic. Fruits ripen in the second half of August. Well transported.
The variety is resistant to frost, it is not damaged by pests, it is not affected by diseases.
FRIEND Included in the State Register for the West Siberian region. Differs in the average term of maturing and universality of appointment. The plant is slightly sprawling and medium. Shoots are straight, thin and without thorns.
The leaves are medium in size, their color is light green. The leaf has a medium shiny lamina. The average fruit weight is 0.8 g, the shape is round-oval orange, the skin is of medium thickness, refreshing sour-sweet taste.
CHUY. Rare, sprawling crown of a tree with restrained growth and high frost resistance. Spines on the shoots a bit. Fruiting begins a maximum of 5 years after planting.
The yield is about 9-10 kilograms. Oval-cylindrical, large berries of orange color. Maturation occurs in August in the second half.
Fruits taste sweet and sour, suitable for canning, processing and fresh consumption.
ESSEL Variety with large fruits, berries have a very sweet taste. Bush without thorns, making the berries easy to pick. The variety is quite fruitful and is in great demand in the Altai Territory.
The best varieties of sea buckthorn:
• on winter hardiness: The gift of Katun, Golden Ear, Multivitamin, Popular, Vladimirka, Favorite Mihaley,
• by yield: Botanical aromatic, Botanical amateur, Hybrid Perchik, Moscow beauty, Nivelena, Finnish,
by the amount of carotenoids (vitamin for vision): Hybrid Perchik, Krasnokarminovaya, Krasnoplodnaya, Muscovite, Moscow Beauty, Ryabinovaya,
on the content of vitamin C: Avgustinka, Vorobyevskaya, Kaliningrad, Otradnaya, Perchik, Trofimovskaya,
on the share of sea buckthorn oil: Gomel, Moscow transparent, Elegant, Russian, University
by taste: Vorobyevskaya, Hybrid Perchik, Avgustinka, Aromatic, Botanical, Muscovite, Moscow Pineapple.
The best varieties of sea buckthorn for the Moscow region and the European part of Russia: Augustine, Botanical, Nivelen, Ryabinovaya, Vorobyevskaya.
Sea buckthorn variety for the Urals: Giant, Superb, Trofimovskaya, Chui, Amber.
Sea buckthorn varieties without thorns and thorns: Botanical, Essel
the sweetest sea buckthorn varieties: Favorite, Moscow Pineapple, Moscow Beauty
Comparative characteristics of sea buckthorn varieties