Hilling potatoes is one of the most labor-intensive processes, especially when it comes to large areas. Manipulation can be done as a manual (using hoes, hoes, etc.
), and automatically (using a cultivator or motoblock). In this article we will talk about how to do hilling potatoes motoblock. Before proceeding to the story dwell on the process of hilling Hilling potatoes - the action is required. Its essence lies in powdering the stems of the bush with loosened earth. This is done to ensure that the roots received more oxygen. In addition, hilling allows, to some extent, to get rid of weeds, to protect the plant from sudden frosts and to accelerate its development. During the season you may need to spend three hilling. We will tell about each more:
How to spud potatoes?
Before proceeding to the story dwell on the process of hilling
Hilling potatoes - the action is required. Its essence lies in powdering the stems of the bush with loosened earth. This is done to ensure that the roots received more oxygen. In addition, hilling allows, to some extent, to get rid of weeds, to protect the plant from sudden frosts and to accelerate its development.
During the season you may need to spend three hilling. We will tell about each more:
During the first hilling process, it is imperative to remember that the layer of sprinkled soil should not exceed 10 cm. If this rule is not followed, then the shoots will be very difficult to develop.
- The second hilling of potatoes should be done when the bushes reach a height of 20-25 cm. As a rule, this moment comes 1-2 weeks after the first hilling.
- Not all gardeners spend the third and last hilling, but we recommend not to skip this stage. The essence of the process is the same, however, this time it is necessary to sprinkle the stems with earth as high as possible.
During hilling, attention should be paid to the condition of the soil. It should not be too dry or wet. Ideal - moderately moist land.
Hilling potatoes with motoblock
Motoblock on the procedure simplifies the process of hilling potatoes. For example, a field of a few dozen hundred square meters will manually spud up at best in a day. If you resort to the use of a motor-block, then you can do this work in just a few hours. So, let's consider how to spud potatoes with a walk-behind tractor.
Before you begin to talk about the process of hilling potatoes, let's talk about special designs, due to which the soil is loosening. If someone has ever seen a walker, then he has already guessed that we are now talking about baking powder and hillers.
The elements are quite primitive, some experienced gardeners even manage to make hillocks for potatoes with their own hands. In total, it is customary to distinguish two types of hillocks: a plow and a disk. Each differs from each other in some characteristics. We will tell about them now.
Hilling of potatoes with a motor-tractor with a plow-shaped hiller
To work with the plow-hiller, care should be taken to adjust the angle of attack and the depth to which the dive will take place. When this is done, you can get to work.
For this okuchnik need a little deeper into the ground. In this position, it should be all throughout the hilling. If the construction during processing of potatoes is above the ground, it must be omitted. For this stand deflected back. If the opposite occurs, the excavator is deeply immersed in the ground, then the rack must be deflected forward.
Hilling potatoes motoblock with disc hiller
To work with the disk variety of okuchnik you will need to set two parameters. It is primarily about the distance between the disks. It directly depends on the variety of potatoes and is mainly 40-70 cm.
Then you need to remember to adjust the angle of attack (rotation). It must be the same for both hilocks.
Hilling process: how it happens
So, it's time to pile up potatoes with a walker. The first thing to do is put a few baking powder in front of the structure.
Behind the hill will be located, which was discussed above. When all the necessary manipulations are done, you can proceed to processing.
For this, the tiller is placed strictly in the center between the rows of potatoes and the minimum speed is activated. The process is running.
Spud potatoes up to the end of the ridge, then the walker is carefully unrolled and the following rows are processed in the same manner. According to many experts in the field of gardening, spuding with a walker can be done only once. During the second treatment of the bushes, there is a high probability that the tubers themselves will be damaged.
If it is decided to spud potatoes with a walking tractor, then the “correct” planting of seed should be taken care of in advance. Processing by this technique is possible only if the distance between the rows of plants will be approximately 65-70 cm.
As you can see, spuding a motoblock with potatoes is very simple. If you learn the principle of work and begin to apply it in practice, the time saved can be spent on solving other important things.
How to plant potatoes with a walk-behind tractor - tips and tricks for working with plow and hiller
How to plant potatoes to get a high yield? There is no definite answer to this, since here, often, the sowing time, the depth of the furrow, the width of the aisle, the quality of the potato itself intended for planting, the climate and much more play a big role. But the most heated debates are about how it is more convenient to plant potatoes.
Planting potatoes with motoblock
Someone prefers to plant potatoes in the old-fashioned way - by hand, with a shovel, and someone uses cultivators or tillers with potato planters.
Each of these methods, as always, has its adherents and opponents, so how to do this hard work everyone must decide for themselves, and below we consider the methods of planting potatoes and their pros and cons.
Planting a potato cultivator
Okuchnik for the motor-block
Before planting potatoes, you must first prepare and cultivate the soil.
If earlier it was mainly done manually with shovels, which took a lot of time and physical strength, now farmers and summer residents can do it with a cultivator.
For high-quality tillage, it is necessary to go with one cutter on a track that was laid by another. With this method, the ground will be processed to a depth of one spade bayonet, which is optimal for planting potatoes.
Once the plot is prepared, you can begin planting seed. To do this, the cultivator mills must be replaced with lugs, pre-installing special extenders on them.
On the Neva motoblock you need to remove the wings and the center stop, putting the hitch in its place.
Further, it is necessary to attach a double-row hiller to the hitch, having set before this an interrow distance of 650 mm.
Homemade marker for marking furrows
Before you start cutting the grooves, we first mark them with a marker, which can be easily made independently. To do this, it is necessary to take a long handle, take a cutting from a shovel or rake, fasten a cross-bar, on which you can fasten 3 short pegs with a screw at a distance of 650 mm from each other. The marker is ready and you can start marking.
Having marked the self-made marker of the furrow, you need to adjust the hiller to the beginning of the first row and begin cutting the strip. If necessary, you can increase the depth of cutting with the adjustment knob. Having reached the end of the intended lane, we turn around and perform the same operation, but in the opposite direction.
By cutting several rows in this way, you can begin planting seed, keeping the distance between tubers 35-40 cm. After the potatoes are planted, it must be covered with soil.
For this purpose, it is necessary to increase the working width on the excavator by moving the dumps apart to the limit that the equipment design allows.
Set the unit against the first lane at the slowest speed, start covering the potatoes with soil.
Planting potatoes with motoblock
Regardless of the method of planting potatoes, you must first properly prepare the soil. Once the plot is prepared, you can begin planting material.
To do this, on the cultivator it is necessary to replace the cutters with lugs and install a plow to create a furrow and turn the soil.
It is very important to pass the first row as smoothly as possible, for which it is better to pre-mark.
It is good if all the operations on planting potatoes will be carried out by at least two people. One manages the unit with an okuchnik, and the second throws the tubers into the prepared soil.
After the roots are laid in the first furrow, you need to deploy the unit and install it with the right wheel in the trench, which must be run at low speed, so as not to damage the potatoes.
In this case, the new furrow is laid as smoothly as the previous one, and the former is covered with soil.
Motoblock is a universal unit. With its help, it was possible to perform a variety of operations faced by land owners and farmers. The relief of all these heavy processes provides all kinds of attachments for power tillers. Plowing the soil, hilling, planting and picking potatoes and other root crops are only basic operations that can be performed using this multifunctional and indispensable unit in a private farm.
The relief of all these heavy processes provides all kinds of attachments for power tillers.
Plowing the soil, hilling, planting and picking potatoes and other root crops are only basic operations that can be performed using this multifunctional and indispensable unit in a private farm.
The use of tillers for planting potatoes greatly simplifies this difficult process. Moreover, it is the most time-consuming operation.
For example, to plant potatoes on a plot of 5 acres in the old manner, manually, it will be hard to work out all day. At the same time, thanks to the use of a tiller or cultivator, the whole operation will take a couple of hours.
Despite the variety of models of motoblocks and attachments, the methods of planting root crops are almost identical.
Planting potatoes with a plow
Plow for motoblock
Before planting potatoes with the Neva motor-block, you need to purchase and install the following additional equipment:
- wheels with lugs,
- wheel extensions
- special cutters
In the event that potatoes need to plant large areas, then it is better to do this with the help of a walk-behind tractor with appropriate attachments. As in the first case, the ground should be prepared first:
- with the help of a plow mounted on a walking tractor, dig up the area,
- perform harrowing so that future seedlings can obtain sufficient oxygen and moisture in sufficient quantities,
- If possible, moisten the soil.
Next, you need to cut the grooves. The potato planter has a bunker, special grooves, a mechanism for feeding seed into prepared holes and a disc hiller, which falls asleep on the tubers with earth.
Thanks to the construction of the potato planter, it became possible to perform several operations at the same time - to cut furrows with a plow, to put potatoes in a special mechanism and immediately fill them with soil.
Before starting work on a potato planter, they put on wheels with lugs, attach it to a walk-behind tractor, for example, “Neva”, and perform the necessary tuning.
To get a high ridge, you need to move the disks Hiller, and thereby make the furrows deeper. To reduce the height of the ridges, the reverse procedure is performed, the discs are moved apart, respectively, reducing the depth.
In a special bunker, it usually has a volume of 40 liters, the planting material is poured, which, when the Neva motorblock or other model is moving, with a given step is fed by a special mechanism into the furrow made by the plow in advance. After planting, the tubers are covered with earth. From above the soil can be fertilized with organic matter and moistened.
Each landowner must independently decide how to sow potatoes, but planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor is the most optimal solution. When choosing a method it is worth considering the size of the site, the availability of assistants and finances.
The indisputable fact is that the use of the Neva motoblock and potato planters greatly facilitates the performance of heavy operations and allows you to efficiently process large areas, and therefore hope for a decent harvest.
How and which tillers best spud potatoes?
Hilling potatoes with a heavy diesel tiller requires practice and special skills.
If a person has acquired such a technique, you need to undergo training, preferably from an experienced driver who has more than one year of practice in managing self-propelled uniaxial units of this type.
Also require management skills and lighter small models that can run on both gasoline and diesel fuel. The only difference is that lightweight motorblocks are more maneuverable.
It is very important to have knowledge of the nuances and skills to manage the walk-behind tractor. This will provide the desired result, and can also protect a person from getting herbs.
There are special devices on the walker for hilling potatoes. With the help of a mechanical powertrain, they carry out the process of creating the necessary bulk of soil on the tops.
Potatoes can be spud in two ways: with a regular hiller in the form of a small plow or with a disc plow.
Hiller in the form of a plow. Preparation of the mechanical assembly for work is carried out through the transfer of wheel traction - in place of conventional wheels put metal. They provide maximum adhesion to the soil surface and require less traction and load on the power unit.
After the power unit is ready for operation, a special device is attached to the spud potatoes on the walking tractor (hiller). It has the form of a small plow with raised sides in the form of a wrapped triangle.
When installing the excavator, there are two main parameters to consider:
- Immersion depth
- Plow angle of attack.
They are regulated as follows: you need to put the motoblock on a flat surface and lower the hiller plow on the metal guide (rack) to the desired immersion depth, but not more than 15 cm.
When immersed in the ground rack must have a strict vertical position. The angle of attack is regulated with the help of special tools that are included with the mechanical assembly.
A correctly set angle of attack will immerse the hiller below the supporting surface of the metal wheels.
You may need to change its position while working with an excavator. There are two cases:
- Excessive burial. In this case, you need to deflect the stand of the excavator back to the desired distance, while raising the toe of the plow.
- Plow out of the ground. It is necessary to tilt the plow forward, lowering the toe.
Following the simple rules of control of the motor tractor and the hitch to it, each owner can spud potatoes without too much difficulty.
Disc hiller. This device is much easier for plowing in the form of a plow. It does not require special settings during operation, it is easier to manage. It is enough just to put the walker in the right direction and start moving along the track.
The main rule is the correct pre-operational setting of three main parameters:
- Angle of rotation about the horizontal axis. In other words - the angle of attack of disc harrows. This parameter is important in terms of the abundance of sleep of potato bushes.The angle of attack should be the same on both the left and right harrow. In case of deviation of one of them, hiller will constantly lead to the side, which can lead to damage to the bushes and tubers.
- Angle discs. It does not require adjustment, as it is constant in all cases.
- The distance between the lower points of the disks. Depending on the potato variety, it can range from 350 to 700 mm.
To use a disc hiller, a necessary and important requirement is the width (100-140 mm.) And the height of the wheels (about 700 mm.). This is necessary to avoid damage to the plants.
Among the most popular manufacturers of efficient and powerful units are listed firms Agat, Neva, Oka, Caiman Vario, Ugra, Salute, Bison, Cascade. It is possible to buy the motor-block for an earthing up of potatoes in a network of shops and supermarkets of special equipment for giving.
Hilling potatoes using technology
Potatoes are among the most sought after and frequently used root crops.
It should be noted that most of the site is often planted with potatoes, because this vegetable makes up the majority of the diet of people who live not only in our country, but also in most countries of the former CIS.
In order for the harvest to be rich, you need to know the characteristics of growing and caring potatoes at any stage of ripening. One of the important stages is hilling. The fastest and most high-quality type of hilling is hilling motoblock.
How to spud potatoes
Hilling is not as desirable as a more mandatory step in growing potatoes. This process consists in sprinkling the plant stem with loosened earth.
Hilling increases the growth of potatoes, so you can get rid of weeds that are near the bush, and sticking root crops with loose soil can protect the fruit from sudden frosts, which are not rare guests during the growth of potatoes.
Hilling is a repeated mandatory action, which is carried out strictly according to the rules at a certain time.
The first sprinkling of the bushes with earth comes in around the second or third decade of May, this period depends on the time of planting potatoes, as well as weather conditions, and growth activity.
Gardeners note that the most appropriate time for hilling falls on a period when the shoots reach a size of 15 centimeters.
Important! For the entire period of ripening, at least 3 hilling should be carried out, the first - when the shoots reached 15 cm, the next - two weeks after the first, and the last 2 weeks.
For the first hilling, there is a rule: the layer of earth should not be more than 10 centimeters, otherwise you can damage the sprouts and only harm the plant.
Many gardeners miss the third hilling, citing the fact that the roots are already large and have reached their full size. But still, most experienced experts advise not to miss the third hilling, it allows you to fully ripen root crops and gain strength for further long-term storage.
Advantages of an earthing up motor-block
There are several ways of hilling potatoes, the first, the longest, to be done with a hopper or a shovel.
Hilling quality is good, you can spend time on each bush, but this method is suitable for a small potato plantation. You can also sprinkle the bushes with earth using a plow.
This procedure will require several people, or a horse. Quite a laborious and tiring process, but still it is much faster than manually hilling.
In order to spud potatoes quickly and efficiently, modern gardeners use motoblocks. This gardening technique is universal and can participate not only in the above process, but also in planting, loosening, digging up the soil.
It should be noted that the hilling time increases by several times. With manual labor, you can spend a whole day on a large area, and you can cope with a walk-behind tractor in a few hours. In addition to speed, you can note a more loose and soft soil, which is maximally saturated with oxygen. Manually quite difficult to achieve such results.
Important! The hilling process should be carried out on clean soil, without weeds. It is also advisable to drift in the bushes after rain or good watering. Then the result is increased several times.
Types of Hillers
For high-quality earthing up of root crops, one should choose an appropriate hiller. The variety of these devices is small, the main types are disk and plow.
It should be noted that these two types of hillers work equally well with their main task, the main difference lies in the design and power of work.
For deeper immersion, plow-shaped hillers are chosen, and disc pads give not so much load on the engine, therefore, each operator chooses for himself a more suitable type of device.
Also, it should be noted that there are such types of hillers, which are not regulated by the width of the grip. These devices are not used so actively, because they are not convenient and are not always suitable for hilling potatoes. Hillers with constant width, poorly recommended on wet and hard soil. The reason for all this is thin stand.
The structure of the disc hiller is simple, in appearance it is a frame that is located on two wheels. Two disks are suspended to this frame. A feature of this device is that it can be installed both on the walk-behind tractor and on the cultivator.
Hilling depth is medium, and low weight provides a small load on the engine of the machine, as well as on the hands of the operator. Many owners of motoblocks say that when working with equipment there is a considerable load on the hands, and with powerful work you have to take breaks for rest.
Also, this type of okuchnik will be more suitable for the first sprinkling of bushes, when the stems are not strongly grown and they do not require a large amount of land. The design of the disc hiller includes:
- T-shaped leash,
- two screw lanyards,
- two racks
- two disks
It should be noted that the price for this type of hiller is much higher than that of the rest of its “brothers”, but working with this type of hiller is much simpler and less energy consuming than its other types.
There are a large number of videos that clearly show how work with disc hillers. On these videos you can also get acquainted with the models of these devices and the features of their operation.
The principle of operation and the structure of the plow thistle is fairly simple. There are single row and double row hillocks. The name speaks for itself.
The main thing that needs to be taken into account when working with this type of hiller is its weight. To use it you need to use a powerful tiller.
It should also be noted that the speed of work with this type of hiller will be slightly lower, but the price of this hiller is much lower.
In order for the process of hilling with a plow-shaped hiller to become more understandable - you can watch a video where they tell in detail about all the nuances of work and operation.
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How to spud potatoes disc hiller
Before hilling potatoes with a disc hiller, it is necessary to tune it. Adjustable racks allow you to adjust the required width of the row, this distance can vary between 30-70 cm. In addition, you must set the angle of inclination horizontally of the disks themselves.
This is done using the available lanyards. In order for the excavator to not roll over to the side during the row hilling process, it is necessary to adjust the angle of inclination of both discs. Unfortunately, there is no possibility to adjust the discs vertically.
A significant role in the process of hilling potatoes plays the motoblock itself, or rather the size of the wheels on which it moves along the row.
Important! In order to avoid damage to plants when hilling, it is recommended to use wheels of a motor-block with a diameter of 70 cm and a width of not more than 14 cm.
After making the adjustment of the excavator, you can start mounting it directly to the motoblock. Fastening to the motor-block is carried out by means of a bolted joint.
When the excavator is connected to the walker, you can begin the process of hilling. To do this, you need to install a walk-behind tractor at the beginning of the row and outline the place of the future spud row. Disco hiller should be placed at a shallow depth in the ground.
In the process of hilling discs capture the soil, creating a hilling roller, and gradually cover the plants with soil. Also in the process of rotation, the disks loosen the soil and break it into smaller pieces.
For greater convenience when working with an excavator, it is recommended to work on the first transmission of the tiller - this will reduce the speed and increase traction.
Thus, the disc hiller will allow the hilling of potatoes to be performed with the least amount of time and labor compared to the work of ordinary sap. This is especially effective when it is necessary to perform work on hilling on a land plot with a large area.
Although the main disadvantage of such equipment is its cost, in any case, this will ease heavy manual labor and will save a lot of time and, as a result, increase the potato harvest.
How to spud potatoes with a double row plow-shaped hiller
When hilling potatoes with a double-row plow-hiller, some preliminary steps should be performed. First you need to pick up the lugs.
For hilling, it is better to use special lugs of the type than those intended for plow plowing. Special lugs usually have a large diameter.
This is required in order to protect the bushes from crushing in the process of hilling
Important! Insufficiently large lugs will not sufficiently protect the bushes of the plant from the body of the motoblock, and the plants will wrinkle and be damaged.
After the choice of the cargo, they will need to be installed on the walk-behind tractor and the adjustment of the hillocks in width.
The setting must be made from the condition that each hiller get into the middle of a pile-up row, after that it is necessary to adjust the depth hiller.
To do this, submerge the depth gauge to the required depth and set its axis perpendicular to the ground. Thus, it is possible to achieve the best powder of the plant with earth.
When the adjustment of the excavator is done, you can proceed directly to the process of completing the hilling.
In one pass of the motoblock, furrows are created on both sides of the row, and a furrow of the adjacent row is created.
Therefore, the next passage of the motoblock should already be done through one row from the one over which the motoblock was moving. This will save time and improve processing performance.
How to spud potatoes with a single row plow hiller
When performing hilling by means of a single row hiller, it is desirable to use lugs with a smaller distance between the outer edges. With the use of an excavator of this type, furrows will be made between two rows, and if this distance is too large, then the aisle will have to be made longer.
It will also entail a decrease in the number of rows on the land and as a result lower yields. With the right choice of cargo trailers, the walker will be able to pass between the rows and provide hilling of two rows on both sides of the plow.
Installing the lugs and hiller on the walking tractor, as is the case with a two-row hiller, you need to perform a depth setting.
In the future, you just need to drive the motoblock between the rows. As a result, you will get an even ditch between two rows and the next pass should be carried out in the next aisle. This type of hiller is not as effective as a two-row hiller, but much more effective than manual labor.
Hilling is a useful procedure that increases yields and protects root crops from negative external factors. The advantages of using the tiller when hilling potatoes speak for themselves.
In addition to significant energy and power savings, you can save a lot of time. Good loosening of the land, high productivity of work and large volumes in a short time make the walk-behind tractor an indispensable technique for any gardener.
Fedor, Leningrad region
Since I have to process large plots of land, for this I use a motor-block with a double-row plow-shaped hiller. The process is much automated and efficient. The rows are smooth, the main thing is to start smoothly and not twitch in the process of hilling. The car is good, paid off in one season.
Maria, Ukraine, Kiev region
Farming is not the first year. At first, they used a single row plow hiller. Then the volumes increased, we decided to purchase a two-row one. Spud well, rows hold for a long time, even after watering do not crumble. Spud potatoes all the time, because of this, the yield of potatoes is always better.
Spud potatoes constantly. So as not green and longer in the land was. We are digging in the autumn, before that it is well preserved and does not fade under the sunlight. He took in the use of disk hiller. It is adjusted quickly, the row forms equal, well pours in the soil, loosens. Okuchnik walked and did not touch. Rows hold well and do not fall apart.
How to spud potatoes motoblock and manually?
Hilling is a procedure in agriculture, which consists in the fact that the soil is picked up by a plant on a bush. When growing potatoes, hilling is considered one of the most important activities.
With the help of simple manipulations, you can create conditions for the formation of roots and tubers, as well as to achieve the preservation of moisture. Hilling helps to plow the land and, therefore, saturates the soil with oxygen.
Consider how to spud potatoes and whether to do it.
Expediency and necessary materials
Not all gardeners use this type of soil treatment. Those who apply, note the advantages of the method. First of all, the area of nutrition of roots of a plant increases. The soil is maintained in a loosened state. Hilling helps prevent overcooling of potatoes during the period of spring frosts. Without this treatment is difficult to achieve high yields.
To complete the hilling will need:
- normal hoe or chopper,
- mulch layer
If the gardener has never encountered potato cultivation, he is faced with the question of how to spud potatoes. Here are the basic principles of this event:
- Planting potatoes, rows should be placed in the range of 50-60 cm from each other. During the earthing up the earth will be scooped out from between the rows to the bushes.
- Tubers are planted in open ground after the snow has come down and the soil has dried, but frosts are still possible. If there is a threat of frost, you should completely cover the immature shoots with soil. To do this, the land of the rows is shifted towards the bushes with a hoe with a long handle.
- If spring frosts are not observed, the first hilling begins in the period when the tops reach a level of 15–20 cm. The procedure is best performed on a sunless day or after precipitation when rainwater has seeped into the ground.
- In the heat of the beds are treated in the morning or evening. If the ground is very dry, watering the beds before the procedure. During the first treatment, the bushes are covered with soil, grabbing the lower leaves. Rows filled with sawdust or peat mulch.
- Upon reaching the bushes height of 25-30 cm perform the second treatment. If necessary, the beds are watered, weeds are removed.
- The frequency of hilling is associated with the potato variety, soil type, climatic conditions. Early ripening varieties are treated once.
- Plants on heavy clay soil require similar caring treatments once a week or two. Potato, cultivated on light soils, enough 2-3 treatments per summer. In favorable conditions, gardeners do not spud, and loosen.
These are the basic rules for tillage near potato bushes.
How to perform processing?
Hilling procedure can be performed weekly. After weed the soil wait for the rain. Chopper make combs of the earth so as to cover half of the bushes. Primary treatment is carried out when tops have grown to 15-20 cm.
After 7 days, process again. During this time, the tops grow up by about 10 cm. If it has not grown enough, the treatment should be postponed for another week or two.
In dry time it is not necessary to carry out the procedure, it can lead to potato diseases. It is best to hold this event after it has rained or watered. Before that, weed beds should be weeded.
Do I need to do this?
Often gardeners are tormented by the question of why spud potatoes. If you do not perform this procedure, the number of root crops is significantly reduced. This is explained by the fact that roots and new tubers are formed on the stem in the powdered area. The earth is supplied with oxygen, so the growth of tubers is increasing.
The hilling procedure helps to fight weeds. But be careful not to destroy the roots of the plant. The soil around the bush is loosened a little, with the help of the earth from the rows between rows they form crests of the required height.
Hand-hitting potatoes: hoe or shovel
With a small area of potato plantations, manual hilling is the only reasonable option for hilling potatoes. Do not start the motoblock because of 200 bushes of potatoes. It is enough to find some free time in good weather and in 1 hour you can complete the work, and at the same time stretch your muscles and breathe fresh air.
The essence of hilling potatoes. Photo: atelieredboelaarts.nl
Manual hilling is good because the gardener is forced to carefully inspect each bush for damage by pests and diseases. It is no secret that most of the problems with potatoes are revealed precisely with hilling. Often after hilling a gardener, having a little rest, takes the sprayer “Beetle” and begins to spray the tops from the beetles, or the Bordeaux mixture from the late blight.
Experienced gardeners intuitively know when to begin hilling potatoes. Looking at the eye is enough to look at the potato field to determine that the moment has come. Usually the first time comes when the length of the shoots of potatoes approaches 20 cm, and the second time two or three weeks after the first hilling.
Yes, at least two hilling required during the growing season. Some spud three or four times, it all depends on local conditions, potato varieties and soil characteristics. By the way, the first hilling usually replaces weeding - the hand pulls itself to pull weeds out of the soil, therefore hilling is usually delayed due to the tilting of the body for weeding.
When potatoes are planted early in May, to obtain a very early harvest, hilling allows you to protect potato shoots from returning frosts, as well as accelerate plant growth with a lack of heat. The fact is that the heaps of soil around the plants accumulate the heat of the sun during the day, and at night they prevent the evil frost from damaging the tender shoots, and also stimulate growth, accelerating development.
Spuding up potatoes is easier in the morning or eveningwhen the sun still does not bake. The coolness not only facilitates the work of the gardener, but also protects the plants from withering, in the case of minor damage to the root system during hilling. It is not necessary to spud potatoes in the heat, you pour yourself, and you torture the plants.
It is easiest to rake up the soil to the roots of potatoes after a little rain, when the soil dries out a little - less dust, more moisture closure, better root ventilation. If there is a prolonged drought, then before hilling it is worth watering the potatoes with a hose or a watering can, and only then spud.
The result of the correct hilling of potatoes are usually ridges, 15-30 cm in height.
When to start processing?
Gardeners are interested in when spud potatoes after planting. Opinions of experts on this issue are ambiguous. Repeat should be from the height of the shoots. But in different sources the numbers differ. They fit into the interval from 14 to 20 cm.
Many gardeners try to spud as early as possible. And not always the height of the bush tells them about the need for processing. Experienced gardeners are accustomed to rely more on their intuition.
Early hilling is able to replace weeding and loosening plants, as well as protects seedlings from frost well.
In most regions of Russia, potatoes are planted in early May. But after a couple of weeks, frosts usually occur. At this time, shoots appeared. Ground-covered sprouts will endure any drop in temperature, even slightly below zero.
It happens that after the treatment the growth of the bush increases. Under favorable weather conditions, the bushes gain strength as soon as possible.
How many times to carry out processing?
Usually spud twice. Secondly a couple of weeks after the initial processing, before the flowering of potatoes. But if you start early, two procedures are not enough. Need to focus on the needs of landings.
If the bushes are growing up, the branches are scattered on the sides, and the nest is growing in width, the tubers are looking out of the ground, this means you need to spud.
The procedure can be performed three and four times during the season. The complexity of the process should not frighten the gardener, because weeding is much more difficult.
Gardeners often process potato bushes during a hot summer day. Unfortunately, such an event will not bring benefits, and will take a lot of strength. After the event, the landing may wither.
Therefore, in the heat of the process of processing is early in the morning or evening, when the sun is not so bright.
Hilling is perfect after rain. So the damp earth will not pour from crests. Moist soil pushed to the stalks will help to form under the ground sprouts, on which the tubers will grow.
How to spud potatoes if the weather is dry? If rain is a rare phenomenon, it is worth watering the bushes before hilling.
Is treatment always necessary?
Sometimes in front of the gardeners there is no question of how to spud potatoes. Experienced gardeners are trying to come up with alternative methods of caring for potatoes. For example, there is a landing method in which hilling is simply not necessary. So, potatoes grow under non-woven material. In addition, the “unlearning” method is also considered effective.
Hilling, as already mentioned, helps to solve several problems:
- soil loosening
- creation of an additional volume of land under which roots and tubers are formed,
- improvement of bushes illumination
- disposal of weed plants.
But it turns out that all these tasks can be solved by the inverse method - “unlearning”. It lies in the fact that all the growing potato tops are placed on the ground.
From above they fill the soil, grass, straw and other materials, closing the shoots, leaving only the tops. As soon as the tops are still older, the procedure is repeated. Many gardeners grow potatoes under the grass.
True, this method requires much more space.
Gardeners use the methods of cultivation of potato culture on warm ridges, in bags. In these cases, hilling is also not required.
Hilling methods are directly determined by the characteristics of the landing. If the potatoes are planted manually, then the hilling is used exclusively manual. For this, choppers, plows, and harrows are used. How to spud potatoes hoe, will be said a little later.
If the potato was planted with a walker, then the walker should be spud.
How to spud potatoes by hand? It does not require special skills. They take a chopper and perform successive movements around the bush from the bottom up. Some varieties (Dutch, for example) should be completely covered with soil. Others - to the bottom of the leaves.
Manual hillock is used in small areas of planting potatoes. Of course, it is more labor-intensive than the procedure for using special equipment.
How to spud potatoes motoblock?
Plan your treatment with the help of the motoblock should be already during planting. To calculate the interval between plantings, you need to add 10 cm to the width between the wheels of the motoblock. If the bushes are planted thickly, this will create problems with the passage of technology.
The first time spud, when the bushes grow to 15-20 cm. Hiller adjust so that the ridge of the soil was small. Nothing, if some bushes completely cover the ground, after a while they will grow again.
Further, the excavator is adjusted so that the ridges are wider and higher. This way the tubers will not be damaged and a suitable 20 cm soil cushion will be formed.
When spuding potatoes for the first time with a motorblock, the speed is reduced. Hurry is not worth it. This will help to notice all the errors and how to break through the rows.
Hilling perform motoblock or special hillers. On the walk-behind tractor attach wheels, hitch and hiller.
By installing a submerger, it is possible to control the immersion depth and the angle of processing. Motoblock ustanavlivayut on a flat surface, Hiller lowered and secured to the hitch.
During the procedure, it may be necessary to change the angle of attack.
Handle potato bushes with a walk-in tractor is easy. The main thing is to carefully set both required parameters. This is the interval between the lower points of the disks. It is equal to the width of the rows. As well as the angle of attack. It should provide good ground coverage of potatoes.
The wheels of the motoblock should be 70 cm in diameter and 10-14 cm in width. With such parameters, the bushes will not be damaged.
Nowadays, summer residents use domestic power tillers. They are affordable and reliable in quality. A small area can be treated with equipment that has 5-6 liters. with. It happens that craftsmen improve the units with various home-made devices.
When processing heavy soils, the light tiller may slip due to insufficient depth in the soil. Lightweight does not allow him to deepen to the desired distance. To solve the problem gardeners install weighting on the wheel or on the body. Weights or lugs are used as weights.
So, we figured out how to spud potatoes. Subject to all the recommendations, any gardener will be able to increase the yield of potatoes in his plot.
Why you need to spud potatoes
- Carefully sprinkling the bottom of the plant with soil, we prevent the growth of weeds on potato plantings. And the emerged weeds will be much easier to pull out of loose soil than from solid and compacted soil.
- This process loosens the soil, which means the roots of the plant will be more accessible to moisture and air. Loose soil is very important, because when watering the moisture will easily reach the roots, and during the rains the water will not linger, and the tubers will not be subject to rotting.
- After the hilling process will easier to harvestwhat is required and digging potatoes out of the ground. Accordingly, the number of damaged tubers during digging will be much less. The chance of breakage of tools used in hilling is also reduced.
- Young plants become more resistant to wind and spring frosts. The "knoll" of the soil around the plant works like a thermos and does not allow frosts deep into the soil. Also this “knoll” is supported by the potato plant itself, which has not yet fully formed and strengthened.
- A plant bush, after pouring its bottom with soil, begins to grow and branch intensively, forming in its roots more good and high quality tubers.
The better the bushes of a plant grow, the more leaves grow on them. The more leaves a plant contains, the more sunlight it hits. Due to this process, photosynthesis is more intense.
When and how many times you need to spud a bed of potatoes
Processing of potato beds is best done in the evening or from early morningwhen there is no scorching sun. But it must be done on wet soil.
The first time you need to plant a pile when it grew more than 5 centimeters. The procedure will help to save it at an early stage from the influence of external factors.
There is a planting method in which hilling is performed immediately after planting, scooping up a small hill over planted potatoes. The method is used mainly in those regions where the probability of spring frosts is greater than in the middle lane.
The first hilling is carried out when the bush has reached a height of 5 cm.
The next time, the hilling of potatoes is usually done after about two weeks, and when the bush has reached a height more than 15-20 centimeters. Make it necessary to try before the first inflorescences appear on the potatoes.
If the bushes begin to be very strongly drawn out and fall in different directions, then it is necessary unscheduled hilling. This will help the plant not to fall and break the stem. The same should be done if for some reason sunlight will fall on the tubers.
If there is no rain for a long time, and it's time to spud, be sure to moisten the soil with water.
In what cases hilling is not required
- In hot regions, with low humidity and lack of possibility of watering, as in a dry land the plant may die.
- When the plant is grown under non-woven material black colorbut. But you need to make sure that the material does not miss the light at 100%. Otherwise, the potato will turn green and become completely inedible.
- When the method of growing potatoes lies in the fact that the potato stalks are laid out on the ground and covered with soil, leaving only the tops. When the bushes grow back, the procedure is repeated again. Instead of soil, straw or mowed grass is sometimes used. This method of cultivation requires a lot more land per bush than with the usual method.
Correct hilling with chipper manually
The manual method involves the use of an auxiliary tool, such as a chopper. There are two techniques for this procedure:
- raking the soil around the bush towards the center of the plant
- sprinkle the soil in the center of the bush, while the branches of the plants are bred a little to the side.
The soil ridge as a result of hilling should be high about 15-20 centimeters.
Potato roots grow in different directions 30-40 centimeters. When hilling, consider this in order not to injure the tubers of the plant.
Use of a manual hiller
The device serves to facilitate physical labor, in the cultivation of potatoes, and save time. It consists of handles, handle and two discsaimed at the ground at an angle of 45 degrees. Using them is also not difficult.
You just need to pull the handle forward, guiding it along the border along the garden beds. Manual tucker can be bought in the store, and you can design your own hands.
Using the tiller
If the planting of potatoes is large, then you can not do without a motoblock in your farm.He can not only loosen the soil and spud, but also harvest potatoes. But the motoblock has a minus. When harvesting, it can damage some of the tubers.
In the case when using a walk-behind tractor with a plow-shaped hiller, you need adjust angle and depthon which the plow will dive. When using the tiller with a disk hiller, you need to adjust the required distance between the disks and their angle of inclination.
The distance depends on the potato variety and is approximately from 40 to 70 centimeters. And the disk tuning angle should be the same for both drives, and is approximately 45 degrees.
On the motoblock there are also rippers. They prepare the ground in front of the block, which the disc hiller, in turn, will use to powder potato bushes.
Disk okuvivatel on the Neva motor-block
Before planting potatoes, it is necessary to take into account that the motoblock will be spud and harvest. Therefore, the beds should be flat, and the distance between them should be such so that the walker can pass smoothly.
Regardless of the way in which the process of hilling potatoes occurs, manually or with the help of various devices, the results are visible literally after one or two weeks. Shrubs grow, becoming stronger, and the tubers under the ground become larger and healthier.
How to spud potatoes motoblock?
Today, garden equipment can significantly ease the sticking of potatoes. To the choice of gardeners on the market offered a lot of motor-blocks of domestic and foreign manufacturers. The operation of this technique allows you to spud potatoes quickly and effortlessly. Plow tillers are quite widespread and used. On such mini tractors it is possible to install various devices: hillers, rippers, etc.
Sticking potatoes with a walk-up tractor should be done after the rain, when the moisture is slightly absorbed. Otherwise, instead of the ridges, you will get homogeneous, viscous lumps of earth. Dry soil may cause detrimental effects.
walking tractor with plow for hilling potatoes
The first hilling of potatoes with a walker can be done after the sprouts appear. Harm such a halt will not bring, and the benefits will be much. Potatoes start new roots and underground shoots, resulting in a bush will be powerful, and root crops are larger. The second time spud, when the height of the potato bushes will reach thirty centimeters. If the soil is heavy, then loosening can be done again, and with loose soil two times will be enough.
Before embarking on potatoes, you need to know how to pile up potatoes with a walking tractor. The motoblock is equipped with wheels and two hillers on a metal crossbar, which is adjustable. Also, you need to adjust the depth of the flat cutter and the angle of inclination. Next, the walker is placed between the rows and at low speed spud potatoes. Having reached the final border, the tiller turns and combs again, row by row.
The opinions of the country's leading agronomists are controversial with regard to the productivity of hilling potatoes. Many of them came to the conclusion that the usefulness of these actions is confirmed only in regions with a warm climate, and in northern latitudes, on the contrary, harms the development of potatoes. Some suggest using a method of planting potatoes under the straw. Potato care is much less here. The need for weeding, hilling and watering is almost absent.
Advantages and disadvantages
Due to hilling, these plants are protected from disease and temperature changes, as well as the removal of weeds.
When processing a cultivator, you can still highlight such advantages:
- Minimum effort.
- High productivity in comparison with manual hilling.
- The creation of deep furrows and collapsing stems, which has a positive effect on the harvest.
- Optimum aeration of the soil with an excess of moisture due to the creation of loose structure.
- Maintain the required temperature in the ground.
Among the shortcomings, it is possible to single out only the fact that you need to spend money on any walk-behind tractor, unlike a simple chopper.
Hilling of potatoes by horse, plow
In many regions of Central Russia, the master of potato hilling has not yet transferred to the plow, which the horse pulls. The dates of hilling a horse with a horse are the same as with manual hilling, but there is one peculiarity.
The fact is that the horse will be able to maximize the earthing up of potatoes when the potato itself has been planted “under the plow”, that is, when planting, the plow was used, which was made furrows. Horses that pull a plow are usually accustomed to walk between the rows.
But, as they say, it is better to see once than read a hundred times. Therefore, I recommend watching the video about the hilling of potatoes with plow:
How to do without hilling potatoes
Many gardeners and gardeners grow potatoes without tedious hilling: they plant potatoes under agrospan (nonwovens, sold in stores), under straw, under hay, etc.
All methods have one thing in common: only a stem with leaves is left on the soil surface, and the root system is protected from sunlight and enhanced evaporation of moisture by shelter, which replaces the protective function of the soil, which is harvested to the roots when hilling.
Some craftsmen generally use breaking up, spreading potato tops on the ground and sprinkling it with grass, hay, straw, soil, etc., leaving leaves on the surface of the shelter.
The method is controversial, and the saving of time and effort compared to the usual hilling of potatoes is insignificant.
How do you spud potatoes?
We configure the tiller correctly
Hilling is done with a single, double row or three row fixture.
To work with the excavator at the motoblock, the usual wheels are removed and the grouser is installed, and only after that the fixture is attached.
Gruntozatsepy designed to weight the mechanism and improve its adhesion to the soil. On the market, you can purchase both universal devices and devices made for a specific model. For the most common models of the Neva and Salute motoblocks, the lug width is 43 and 50 cm, respectively, and the spike length is 15 and 20 cm.
The distance between the lugs for a single row hiller should be minimal, since both wheels move along one row.
On Zemetka! Coupling should not be tough. It is attached to one king pin. Backlash in the horizontal plane should be about 5-6 °.
It is impossible to install a coupling on two pivots, since in this case a rigid connection is obtained. Also, the rigid coupling of the hiller and motoblock is obtained if the backlash is removed. On the garden plot there are always plots with denser soil. If the excavator gets on such a plot, then the walk-behind tractor turns around a bit. With a non-rigid connection, the force exerted by the solid ground is not transferred to the handles (the hitch plays out the effort), and the walk-behind tractor goes straight, although the excavator itself at the same time wags a little. With such a connection, the row is more even, and the worker has much less power.
Potato Ridge Processing
Now consider how to spud potatoes with the help of the motoblock. Before the beginning of the hilling of potatoes, it is necessary to properly install the mechanism on the ridge.
Unlike a lister fixture, for a disk device, the processed potato ridge must be between the discs.
Tip! Cultivator should be carried out between the rows carefully so as not to damage the potato plants. The discs will automatically loosen, pick up and scoop earth into the ridges.
After the first row has been processed, the tiller or cultivator is deployed and re-installed so that the bush is located between the discs. With the help of disc hiller, you can process potato ridges in the forward and reverse direction, using reverse motoblock.
To increase the power of the tiller when hilling on heavy land, an additional creeper is installed on it. In this case, the increase in power occurs due to a decrease in the speed of movement of the mechanism and an increase in torque. Fix it on the case of the motor-block. Especially this device will be in demand if an air-cooled walk-behind tractor is used.
The use of hiller for processing potatoes significantly reduces the labor and time costs of a person. A well-chosen and finely tuned tiller allows you to quickly fill up a potato segment of any size.
Tips for choosing
When choosing a unit for work on a land plot, in particular for hilling, one must take into account several factors:
- The density of earth on the surface. If there is a soil with loam, there are many lumps in it, then you need to choose your choice on a heavier aggregate.
- Length of potato ridges. The less turns you have to do when hilling, the easier it is to steer the walk-behind tractor.
- Land area. If the ridge for potatoes is small, about 2-3 acres, then, of course, there is no need to spend money on an expensive cultivator.
And vice versa, in case of a large garden plot, in order to avoid overheating of the device, it is preferable to buy a powerful one, over 5 liters. s.– unit.
Will the "Neva"?
Among gardeners and gardeners, Neva cultivators are very popular.. With their help, you can handle different soils with high productivity and at a qualitative level. This is evidenced by the technical characteristics of the tiller, as well as user reviews. The units are equipped with reliable imported Subaru, Honda or Briggs engines with high efficiency and increased resource.
Simple controls make it easy to switch speeds, depending on the job you want. There is a motoblock and reverse gear, which greatly facilitates the work with him. The weight of the unit is about 90 kg, which is especially valuable when working on heavy soils. There is a convenient steering, which is adjustable depending on the needs of the owner.
Suppose that you bought the device from this manufacturer. We will tell further how to pile up potatoes with the help of the Neva device or any other motoblock.
Any unit, including the cultivator, needs proper care.. In the spring, before the start of the land works, the motoblock should be carefully inspected, with particular attention paid to the wear of the devices: plow, hiller, removable mills.
Carry out a trial test of the engine, for which it is necessary to close the air damper, set the highest number of revolutions and start the engine. Let it work for some time, thereby warming it up and after that you can start working the land.
Before overwhelming potatoes, you need to understand how to do it correctly. It is necessary to foresee the method of raising the crests while planting potatoes, since the distance between rows 60-70 cm is necessary for advancing and high-quality work of the unit. It is necessary to take into account the size between the wheels with the addition of 5 cm on each side.
We use two devices
The unit has wheels with lugs and two adjustable hillers on the cross member. They need to be set up in such a way that with the least effort the double-sided ploughshare will dump the ground onto the potato bushes. This is done by offsetting the plunge depth by the rack and changing the inclination of the device surface. Then hillers are installed between the rows, and the processing of plants begins.
Completely overcoming the length of the ridge, the aggregate unfolds, shifts by two rows, and the process repeats, lifting the crests of the earth. When earthing up, rippers are usually installed in front. Rear wheels are installed on the motoblock - hillers, which fall asleep bushes.
Such disc attachments, when hilling potatoes, are additionally crushed and make airy soil. True, the flooding of the ground with such a device will be slower, since it will be able to process only one row from the passage, but it is assumed that the soil will be better loosened.
Setting the drive tiller:
- It is necessary to drive the wheels at a distance between the rows.
- Then the blade angle is determined by trial and after that they are set symmetrically to each other.
This is done so that the walker does not lead to the side.
The choice of hilling method directly depends on the characteristic features of the soil on potato ridges, but, in any case, the processing of plants must comply with the requirements of agricultural engineering. Motoblock with accessories for hilling gives excellent tillage. Moreover, such a collapse of plants protects them from diseases, stimulates growth and contributes to obtaining a good collection of vegetables.
Proper hilling of potatoes with a walker
Getting a high yield is the goal of every gardener and gardener, and to achieve it every crop needs care. In this article we will describe how to increase the yield of potatoes with the help of hilling and how to make this process as convenient and fast as possible without loss of quality of work. The processing of potatoes with a walking tractor is a necessary stage for the further favorable development of bushes. This is the process of sprinkling loose soil to the base of the plant stalks.
Double row plow
The first thing to do before tilling this soil to put the lugs of the motoblock on the extension cords. It is recommended to use special lugs for hilling - they have a larger diameter. This is necessary so that during the work you will not damage the potato bushes. It is necessary to install it in such a way that one row is located directly under the tiller, and on either side of it is another row. The fact is that thanks to the plow, only the row that is under the walk-behind tractor is fully knocked out, and the side rows - only half.
In contrast to the double row, to use this device, you do not need to use the lugs - they can be replaced with rubber wheels. In the case, if the lugs are installed, the minimum distance between their edges should be set. It is installed in such a way that the plow is located between the rows of potatoes. It is necessary to pass with it on each inter-row, since not one row but one is powdered with earth on one side.
That is, it is possible to fully process one row of potatoes only for passing through two inter-rows.