Hoya multiflora is a homely room flower that requires a lot of attention and great care. It responds well to top dressing and has a long flowering. Propagated by cutting.
Hoya multiflora belongs to compact plants. The flower was bred in the 18th century by botanist Robert Brown. The ornamental shrub was named after gardener Thomas Hoy.
This green space can grow both at home and in the wild. Its ornamental shrub prefers the rainforests of Australia, Indonesia, and Hindustan.
It has a bush form. The young growth is upright with thin curly leaves. Emerald leaf color, in length, they reach more than 10 centimeters, in width about 6 centimeters. Cuttings from 1 to 1.5 centimeters.
The venation is distinct, appearing on broad mature leaves. The emergence of leaves on brown stems, more than 1 centimeter. The emergence of umbrellas on peduncles longer than 5 centimeters. Pedicle miniature, elongated, emerald hue. Have 16-22 flowers each in every umbrella. Flower petals sharp, curved back, amber-white hue. Inner surface snow-white with small pink spots. The root system is small.
Transplanting ornamental bush
Young multiflora transplanted as the root system grows. Transplantation of adult bushes is done once every 3-4 years. Every year in the tank it is necessary to change the top layer of the earth. After purchase, an ornamental shrub is planted in a container with a thin layer of drainage. Suitable broken brick, pebbles, expanded clay. The pot should be spacious with free space for the root system of the plant.
After landingFor two weeks, for good rooting of the plant, multiflora must be kept in partial shade. In the summertime, the plant prefers window sills on the west or east side. If you put the flower on the south side, then the plant will get severe sunburn, and its leaves will blush and fall. In winter, the time the flower must be specially dosachivat. For this fit incandescent bulbs, fluorescent, LED, high-pressure sodium.
Can be used sandy, black earth, loamy ground. For the transplantation of a young Hoya, peat, vermiculite, and purchased soil are mixed in equal proportions.
Hoya multiflora care at home
From early spring to late fall intensive growth. Therefore, Hoye multiflora is necessary to ensure active and proper watering. It is necessary to water a bush daily, after drying up of the earth. The plant is watered carefully, 2-3 cups at a time.
In late autumn, watering is reduced. up to once every 3-4 days. Multiflora does not like stagnant water, so it needs a good drainage system. Water for irrigation should be warm without chemical impurities. In a small container, the earth dries quickly, this can lead to a large drop of leaves.
Since Hoya is brought from the rainforest, she prefers high stable air humidity. Ornamental shrub requires daily spraying with warm water. The spraying procedure should be carried out twice - in the morning and closer to the night. Ornamental shrubs do not like being close to batteries and heating devices. The dormant period of the plant comes with a short daylight.
If this procedure is not followed, the flowering of Hoya will be dull, non-aromatic and short-lived.
Features of the plant
Flower plantations love room temperature from 20 to 25 ° C. Hoya multiflora does not tolerate sharp drops and fluctuations in temperature. It is not recommended to take it out to the balcony, to the greenhouse or garden during the summer time. Due to the unstable temperature of the flower may appear brown spots, the leaves will fall off.
With a long stay in uncomfortable conditions of the bush, the plant may die. Top dressing is made from the middle of spring at the end of summer. The procedure is performed once per 3-4 days. Purchased mineral fertilizers - micro, salt, nitrogen, phosphate, potash - are best suited. The pet responds well with abundant flowering to nutrient fertilizers and fertilizing. Its reproduction is done by cutting. Stems choose with two leaf pairs. Such cuttings grow well and root well. Growing at home can have a stalk with one interstitial, but its survival and flowering will be much slower. For this procedure, you must choose last year's shoots. The leaves of the flower also give roots, but such a bush will not grow and bloom. Cut the stem should be put in the water at room temperature. After that, it is dipped into the root and wet substrate. For good rooting and create a greenhouse atmosphere, planting is covered with a bottle or glass jar.
Blooming and pruning flower
Multiflora is translated as a rich flowering bush. Flowering stable, annual. Occurs in spring and summer. By the time long lasts more than one and a half weeks. New flowers may appear on old peduncles.
The young bush is blooming 9-12 months after landing in the ground. Its smell is fragrant, delicate, floral. To hoya bush, the top of the main trunk must be carefully cut. The action is made after the occurrence of the fourth sheet.
Pruning of the crown is held in the autumn period of time annually after full flowering. With a stable pruning plant becomes lush and beautiful. The number of peduncles increases significantly. It is important to know that during the formation of the crown can not touch short shoots. On such stems can be laid a large number of flower stalks. Flower growth is slow. Lifespan 15 years.
Diseases and pests
The flower may be infected with pests: aphids, spider mites, scutes, whiteflies, mealybugs. When a pest is found, its leaves are washed with soap and water under a tap. Then it is necessary to process a special solution. To do this, suitable insecticides, both purchased and made at home. Tar soap mixed with a decoction of field herbs. You can also apply potassium permanganate solutiondiluted with water in the proportions of two teaspoons per ten liters of water.
The flower does not grow in the southern part, does not tolerate strong sunlight. Responds well to fertilizer. Blooms annually, has a pleasant floral and lemon scent.
Next you can see the photo of Khoi Multiflora:
Multiflora blooms annually In spring and summer. Blossoming is plentiful, long. Not without reason, the name multiflora itself is translated as a multi-flowered plant. Each flower lasts for 10 days.
New flowers appear on the same peduncles. Young hoyas bloom within 10 months after planting.
Photo hoii multiflora during flowering.
Hoya multiflora Blume, 1826 Hoya multiflora (many-flowered)
Habitat: warm and humid forests of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.
From the story: in 2002, among the well-known world botanists, a discussion broke out about the genus H. multiflora - did she or Hoya Centrostemma? The reason was the catalog published by Ted Green, in which the plant was called Centrostemma. The first official description of the species was made in 1826 by Blume and included it in the genus Hoya. In 1838, J. C. Decaisne isolated a plant in the new genus Centrostemma = Centrostema multiflorum (Blume) Decaisne. Later in other publications she was described as Cyrtoceras and Cryptoceras. There was even a description of it called Asclepias carnosa Blanco. In this publication, the illustration was performed to such an extent that H. multiflora is clearly recognizable on it. Researcher C. M. Burton studied all parts of the plant in great detail and compared it with other species of the Hoya genus. She is convinced that this species belongs to the genus Hoya according to the Blume classification.
Bush-growing hoya with dark green shiny leaves, slightly wavy, reaching a length of 12 cm and 5 cm wide. Dark green cuttings up to 2 cm long. The venation is clearly visible. Leaves appear on thick woody stems, at first dark green, brownish with age.
The stem diameter is about 0.7 cm. Umbrellas appear on green peduncles about 4 cm long. Long and thin, dark green pedicels carry 15-20 flowers in each umbrella. Yellow-white petals sharp and back bent, inner crown white with pink dots.
Flowers hold up to 10 days and spread a subtle lemon scent. All varieties bloom in good conditions very abundantly. Flowers appear repeatedly on the same peduncle before they fall. The wide range assumes an abundance of varieties, forms H are described.
multiflora with different flower color and various leaf patterns.
Temperature: does not tolerate lowering the temperature below 20 ° C. Clear, warm and humid - these are the basic requirements for the content of this hoya. When the temperature drops, H. multiflora drops flower stalks, buds, flowers, yellows and leaves.
Lighting: bright and diffused light, with a shadow at midday hours. It is very responsive to the rearrangement of the light source, it is desirable not to rearrange during budding and flowering, it can drop buds and flower stalks.
Watering: watering abundant at any time of the year, overdrying of soil is not permissible. It is very useful to carry out spraying.
Features: it is recommended for beginners, as it is easily rooted, grows and can bloom all year round. But when H. multiflora is in bloom, at that time the plant cannot be touched, turned, or even rearranged in any way, otherwise it will immediately discard the flowers. Cuttings cut after flowering root easily. Responds well to fertilizer on the sheet.
There are several forms of H. multiflora:
IPPS 00137 - bush hoya with elongated spotted leaves, richly blooming with creamy-white flowers. Homeland of this species - Java.
In Holland, it is known as: H. multiflora Speckles H. multiflora Spotted Leaf H. multiflora cv. Flecked Leaf.
IPPS 00138 - H. multiflora Shooting Star (Falling Star) has larger, dark green leaves. White-yellow flowers with curved back petals that look like a comet's tail. Blooms all year. Homeland - Malaysia.
IPPS 04078 - H. multiflora with oval leaves. Growing bushy. Homeland - Java.
IPPS 08121 - H. multiflora variegata has green leaves with white leafy edges. Beautiful shape, but very rare and slow-growing.
This genus, common in India, Malaya and Australia, includes more than 100 species of lianas, characterized by simple, leathery, fleshy leaves and amazing, as if fashioned from wax, very fragrant flowers gathered in umbrellas. Under hoi conditions, they are grown as ampelous plants or provide supports that allow them to rise upwards.
Hoya multiflora, or many-flowered (Hoya multiflora) is a fairly compact, slow-growing plant that does not form long, rapidly stretching shoots. At a young age, hoya multicolor grows as an upright plant. Its leaves are thin, leathery, dull, without pubescence, with a slightly wavy edge, slightly convex between the veins.
In shape and size, they resemble citrus leaves, but are located opposite, rather than alternately. In addition to hoi multi-flowered with green leaves there is a variegated form with cream spots. The species probably got its name because of its constant readiness for flowering, if there is enough light for that.
This hoya forms buds constantly, even in winter, but drops them in the early stages of formation, if not illuminated additionally. Like other hoyas, many-flowered plants are not only capable of forming inflorescences on the tops of young growths, but also form new rudiments of flowers on old peduncles.
As a result, after the fall of flowers or buds, rings of scales remain, allowing you to calculate how many times one or another shoot has blossomed. Unlike many species with almost flat stellate and velvety flowers, hoya multiflora has such unusual flowers that it is even difficult to come up with the most suitable comparison.
Something resembling a rocket or a floating squid. Dissolving, the flower turns white - yellow petals 180 degrees, revealing the inside with dark red anthers and nectar droplets.
All members of the genus are very light-requiring and bloom only on well-lit windows. There are no difficulties with hibernation - these plants are quite comfortable with the room temperature, and they are not afraid of dry air.
For hoi cultivation, it is better to use loose nutrient mixtures based on leafy soil with the addition of sand and garden soil. In the summer, the plant is watered abundantly, but it does not allow stagnation of water in the pan, in winter it is noticeably reduced, but it does not bring the earthy clod to full drying.
Hoyi propagated by cutting. Cuttings with a length of 2 knots rooted easily in a mixture of neutral peat and sand. Cuttings should be taken during the period of active plant growth, leaving a rather long part of the stem under the lower node, since the roots are formed not from the node, but on the stem.
Hoya types and varieties of photos
Hoya Carnose - evergreen vine, reaching up to 10 m in nature. It is covered with long green leaves with silvery spots. It has inflorescences in the form of a hemisphere, consisting of 20 pink-cream flowers like double five-pointed stars. Exudes a strong honey smell. It needs light, loose soil and timely watering.
Hoya kerry - This plant has long stems and leaves that look like green hearts. Allows hemispheric inflorescences of 15 stellate flowers. The coloring is white, yellow, pink, and in the center is a red corolla. Growing this type, it is necessary to provide him a bright place and the temperature in the room + 25 ° C.
Hoya bella - Evergreen thin vine, from which grows many shoots. Leaflets rhombic elongated shape. The inflorescences consist of seven star-shaped flowers, combined in an umbrella. This plant does not like big pots. He is often put in small hanging pots. It needs light and watering three times a week. Water temperature should be several degrees above room temperature.
Hoya Matilda - consists of climbing stems one and a half millimeters thick. It grows with fleshy leaves with silvery inclusions. It has umbrella-shaped inflorescences of 15 double flowers of white color. Exudes a sharp smell, reminiscent of the scent of tulips. The plant can withstand a temperature drop of up to +10 ° C. It is necessary to water with warm water after drying the top soil.
Hoya lacunosa - a liana with fleshy leaves, on which silvery inclusions appear. It has umbellate inflorescences of 20 double flowers with five faces. The smell from the flowers is nice and sweet. The plant is grown in hanging pots with loose soil. He likes a lot of light, so it is recommended to put it next to the window.
Branched view with dense vegetation. The foliage is green, elongated, reddens in the sunlight. Blooms with umbrellas inflorescences of golden color. Small flowers in the form of five-pointed stars - from 30 to 50 pieces can grow in one umbrella. They have a faint smell of perfume. Loves frequent watering and humid air.
Hoya compact - consists of branched vines that are overgrown with dense foliage.All leaves have a curve, twisted form and variegated colors with a glossy shine. Flowers white and pink, combined into inflorescences in the form of a hemisphere. It grows in any soil and does not need regular watering. It blooms well in cramped pots.
Hoya tricolor - this variety has wicker lianas of a dark purple hue with dense vegetation. The leaves in the center can be painted in yellow or reddish color, and at the edges in green. Inflorescences after blooming buds resemble a hemisphere. Flowers lilac with a dark corolla. Inflorescences bloom and delight with beauty throughout the year.
Hoya Retuz plants for growing in hanging pots. Consists of many thin lashes, on which grow nodes of long and narrow leaves. Allows inflorescences of two or three white flowers, but more often the buds are single. They exude a very weak and almost imperceptible odor. He likes the soil to be always moist, but not moist.
A plant with long, pointed leaves that are dotted with silvery inclusions. These specks turn red under the direct rays of the sun. It has inflorescences consisting of 20 flowers. They are red-white or pink. They smell a weak but sweet smell.
Hoya obovata - consists of thin lianas on which motley leaves of rounded shape grow. Allows inflorescences of 20-30 flowers of light pink color. The central part of the flowers is decorated with dark purple corollas, from which nectar stands out. Exhausts sweet honey smell.
Hoya Multiflora - A plant with large leaves and a hard, straight stem. It grows quickly and blooms regularly. It has inflorescences of 15 white and yellow flowers of unusual shape. They resemble arrowheads or small rockets. It grows well in large pots with drainage layer. It prefers to be in the floor shaded place.
Hoya publicis - a plant with long and fleshy leaves, the surface of which is painted with silvery spots. Allows umbrella inflorescences, consisting of 30 flowers. There are varieties with gray-black and pink buds. The plant develops well at temperatures not higher than +25 ° C. Watering is necessary after the soil dries.
Hoya linearis - designed for hanging pots. Consists of long hanging vines, which are covered with narrow leaves. Allows inflorescences of 12 flowers pale white color. It develops well in universal soil with added peat. The plant is moisture-loving, so you need to water often.
Plant with a compact form and long leaves. Allows inflorescences of 25 fluffy flowers. The color of the buds is red with a dark corolla from which nectar drips. It develops rapidly in lighted areas with abundant watering. Loves loose soils with drainage.
Hoya crimson quin variety with flexible and branched vines that are covered with dense foliage. These leaves have a nice looking color. In the central part they are green, and on the edges are yellow-cream. On the stalks grow inflorescences, consisting of 25 light pink flowers. The plant loves loose soil, moderate irrigation and good lighting.
Hoya Buotti - has thin and curly stems with long and fleshy leaves. Allows inflorescences in the form of an umbrella, which consist of 10-30 flowers. The color of the petals varies from creamy white to light pink. Bloom for ten days, then in their place there are new buds. It develops well at an air temperature of +25 ° C. He likes regular watering, but without waterlogging.
Hoya Macrophillus - A plant with thin vines and large decorative leaves. Each sheet has a unique pattern. Glossy surface is mottled or dotted with yellow-green spots. Umbellar inflorescences, consisting of 10-25 flowers of white and purple hue. It prefers to grow at +18 ° C, but it adapts well to a higher temperature.
Hoya australis lisa
A plant with powerful lianas and fleshy leaves that have a decorative color. Their surface is yellow-green, and the edges are dark green and vice versa. Under the direct rays of the sun acquire a purple hue. Inflorescences after blooming buds take the form of a hemisphere, consist of 25-35 flowers of white color.
Hoya kentiana - consists of thin hanging lianas and long leaves with a motley surface. Having got under direct rays of the sun, leaves turn pink. Flowers bloom double with a pink shade and a yellow-purple halo. They are combined in umbellate inflorescences of 15-20 buds. Likes to be in bright light in the morning. You need to water 2-3 times a week.
Hoya Elliptic - A plant with strong stems, on which grow large and fleshy leaves. They are oval, on the surface there are patterns resembling the pattern of a turtle shell. Allows umbrella inflorescences, consisting of 20 flowers of white shade. Needs light in the morning and frequent watering. The temperature of the content can vary from +18 ° C to +35 ° C.
Hoya Kaudata - consists of thin lanyards of vines with fleshy leaves. The leaves have ribbed edges and bumps on the surface with a mottled coloration. The plant allows inflorescences in the form of an umbrella, which consist of 6-15 white flowers. Loves frequent watering and moderate illumination without direct sunlight.
Hoya care at home
The flower is easily grown at home. For this you need to provide the plant with a small hanging pot and standard care. Hoya like any other home plant needs good lighting, timely watering and proper temperature conditions.
Hoya is a light-loving plant, so it should be placed in a bright place. It can be a well-lit room or a window sill on the east or west side. It is necessary to avoid direct sunlight, because of which the foliage may turn yellow and fall off.
Due to its tropical origin, the flower loves warmth. In winter and summer, the ideal condition for plant development is a temperature from +15 ° C to + 25 ° C. But the flower can easily adapt to lower or higher heat readings.
Stapelia is also a member of the Lastovnev family. It is grown up at care in house conditions without special efforts if all rules of agrotechnology are observed. All the necessary recommendations for the cultivation and care of this wonderful plant can be found in this article.
Watering should be given special attention. Try to moisten the soil in a timely manner, not allowing waterlogging or drying.
If moisture accumulates on the pan, remove it. In the summer, watering is recommended twice a week, and in the winter alone. For irrigation, use warm and separated water.
Soil for hoi
Hoya can develop in any soil, but in fertile soil, this process will be faster. Standard soil mixtures for indoor plants or for palm trees sold in stores will do.
If you want to prepare the ground yourself, use leafy ground, sod, humus and sand. Mix these ingredients well in a ratio of 3: 2: 2: 1. You can also add to the soil bark of trees, which will provide good breathability.
Hoya transplant at home
The flower should be replanted every 3 years. This procedure is carried out in April. To transplant a plant from one pot to another, use the transfer method. After that, you only need to fill the ground.
If you plan to completely replace the soil, clean the root system of the old earth. Remove dried or decayed roots. Then place the flower in a new pot, gently covered with primer.
Most often for planting or transplanting choose hanging pots. They can be plastic, ceramic or wicker.
If you want your plant to grow well, choose spacious pots. For abundant flowering, use pots of small volume.
Fertilizers for hoya
To hoya quickly developed and bloomed abundantly, it must be regularly fed. Do this every month, starting in the spring and ending in the fall. Do not feed in the winter.
As a fertilizer, use Osmokot long-acting fertilizer - once a month. Also spray the plant with liquid humus, which contains a high content of trace elements - twice a month.
Hoya can not be cut or broken off, especially flower stalks - the stems on which the inflorescences appear.
Even after the flowering period is over, they do not need to be removed, because old flower stalks can still give new buds. Ordinary shoots also do not break off, and put support for them, so that they trailed along them.
The plant produces flowers two years after rooting or earlier. Flowering begins in June, and ends in July, then repeats in the fall. Flowers look like five-pointed, fluffy stars with a halo. They unite in the inflorescences reminding an umbrella or a hemisphere.
Buds come in various shades: white, red, gray, pink, yellow, and also mixed. They produce nectar, which has a honey smell. If there are several types in a room, then it is filled with a pleasant fragrance.
Hoya in winter
In winter, hoy need to provide a lower temperature in the room than in summer. Recommended temperature content not more than +15 ° C.
If the plant is warm in winter, few inflorescences will appear in summer.
Propagation hoya seeds
Seed should be no older than one year. Acquired seeds dry and plant in loose soil. To the soil is well absorbed moisture, mix in pieces of artificial fabrics - felt or burlap. Seedlings sprout in seven days.
During this period, waterlogging or drying of the soil should not be allowed. Seedlings should be kept in a warm room with good light. After three months, when the sprouts are strong, they can be transplanted into pots.
Hoya propagation by cuttings
Cut short cuttings, on which there should be 2-3 leaves and a few nodes. Put them in a jar, wrapped in foil from light. Fill with water from +22 ° C to +25 ° C.
Place the cuttings in a shaded and warm place. To create greenhouse conditions, the cuttings can be covered with foil. In this state, they will stand for two weeks and take root from the nodes. Then transplant them into pots with soil.
Hoya leaf reproduction
This is the longest and most difficult way to grow a flower. Not all leaves, having started roots, become a full-fledged plant. For this method, you will need a root growth stimulator, chemical hormones and a light, loose soil.
Wet the leaf stalk with a stimulant and plant in a pot with moist soil at a 45 ° angle. In a month, the roots will begin to germinate. During this period, the leaf should be given a hormone for the development of shoots - heteroauxin. Fill a few drops to the base of the stalk and after a week an escape will appear.
Hoya does not bloom - The reason for this frequent phenomenon may be a lack of light, high temperature of the air in the room during wintering, large size of the pot, frequent watering, especially in winter.
To bloom the plant, put it to the window or make artificial lighting. In winter, transfer the flower to a cool room where the temperature is not higher than +15 ° C. Transplant hoyu in a small pot, the diameter of which is not more than 20 cm. After watering, allow the soil to dry completely.
Yellow leaves - this is affected by a lack or excess light. Some varieties are badly affected by exposure to direct sunlight, which burns the foliage. Also, the dampness of the soil affects the yellowing of the leaves.
Solve the problem will turn, rearranging the flower in the floor shaded place. If your variety likes a lot of light, put it in a bright room. In the summer, water the plant no more than twice a week, and in the winter once.
Hoya is not growing - if for a long time new leaves or shoots do not appear on your flower, check and eliminate the following reasons: the room is too dark, there is not enough feeding with nitrogen content, a very close pot, the peduncles are cut.
It is necessary to feed the flower twice a month with fertilizers for indoor plants. For varieties with fleshy leaves, reduce the dose by half. Also transplant the hoya into a larger pot and hang it in a bright place near the east or west window.
Excess moisture and fertilizer. Both of these factors adversely affect the root system. Many fertilizers burn the roots, and dampness strangles the roots and they rot. Without roots, the plant ceases to receive moisture and nutrients. As a result, the leaves are dehydrated, becoming like a rag.
To solve this problem, reduce the feeding dose by half or temporarily stop fertilizing. Also, follow the soil moisture - it should always dry out after the next watering.
Spots on the leaves - infectious disease caused by fungus or viruses. Fungal stains are easily distinguished from viral. To do this, rub the sheet. If the stain is worn away, it means it was a fungal patina. If it is visible to the eye that the stain has ingrained the leaf, it means that it is viral necrosis, due to which the cellular tissue of the leaf dies.
These spots are the result of the vital activity of microorganisms that feed on cell sap. Therefore, you can kill them if you use antibiotics or fungicidal drugs.
Root nematodes - These are microscopic worms that live in the roots. The result of their malicious action is swelling and rotting of the roots. To get rid of parasites, you need to remove the plant from the soil, clean the roots and wash them in hot water - +55 ° C. Also disinfect the pot and the new soil. Transplant a flower, treat it with insecticides according to the instructions.
Shchitovka - small insects that feed on plant sap. They stick to the foliage or stem, resemble brown or red cocoons. As a result of the actions of the pests, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, and the stems develop incorrectly. Insecticides will help to cope with shields.
Medicinal properties of hoi
This flower not only decorates, but also heals. It soothes the nervous system, improves mood, relieves headaches, helps with skin diseases and heals purulent wounds. Leaves are used to treat all these diseases.
Headaches are treated by placing a sheet to the temple. Skin problems are solved by chopping the leaves to a slurry, which is applied to the damaged area and wrapped with a bandage.
Side effects: The smell emitted by flowers can cause a severe headache. Therefore, people with chronic migraines should avoid this plant. Also, leaves cause allergic dermatitis.
Treatment of purulent wounds: chop the three leaves of the plant and two glasses of oatmeal. Then add water and stir to a state of gruel. Lubricate the wound with ointment for ten minutes, then rinse. Repeat the procedure three times a day for two weeks.
Treatment of boils - chop the leaf of the plant and attach it to the inflamed area. Then wrap a bandage. Change bandage twice a day. After improving the condition, you can reduce the number of dressings.
Plant description hoya
Under natural conditions, varieties of hoi (wax ivy) grow on the territory of Polynesia, South, Southeast Asia, the western coast of Australia. Such plants to the liking of light forests. Here as supports for them serve not only trees, but also slopes of rocks.
The flower was named after Thomas Hoy, a gardener who for many years specialized in growing tropical crops in greenhouses that belonged to the English duke of Northumberland.
Adult hoya or wax ivy can reach a length of about 10 meters.The color of young shoots of brownish-purple. The stems will become green after leaflets appear on them, air roots form. Over time, lignification of shoots occurs.
The hoya leaves, pointed at the ends, have an oval shape, a shiny surface (in young specimens), later changing to a matte one. In most plant varieties, leaf sizes are as follows: length is about 5 - 8 cm, width is about 3 - 5 cm. There are also certain species whose stems are covered with very small leaves. Some members of the genus Hoya have fleshy foliage.
The magnificent flowering of hoi causes vivid emotions in literally all people. Contemplation of bisexual, star-shaped, five-membered flowers of very different colors (white, yellow, orange, red, purple, etc.), collected in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence, gives aesthetic pleasure. As a rule, their diameter is 1–2 cm (with the exception of Hoya Imperial, whose diameter of flowers is very impressive - up to 8 cm).
The structure of the petals is fleshy, elastic. The presence of a distinguished five-membered crown of a contrasting shade is noted inside each flower. The aroma of a flowering plant is quite strong. In addition, its flowers have the property of highlighting translucent nectar droplets, extremely attractive to insects.
This liana is sure to be a great gift to your loved one, as its fleshy leaves are heart-shaped. When caring for Hoey Kerry at home, you need to remember that her long whips need a garter.
In the spherical umbrella inflorescence there can be 15-25 flowers. Their paint (yellowish, lemon, pale pink) is directly dependent on the degree of illumination.
Hoya Imperial (Hoya imperialis)
The imperial version of the hoya, also known as the Regal, the Majestic, is a climbing vine with well-pubescent shoots. The form of the leathery, smooth leaves of the plant (up to 20 cm long) is oval in the area of the petiole, pointed to the top.
The flowers are very large, they are characterized by a dark red color, from the outside becoming somewhat greenish. Their aroma is extremely pleasant, sweet. In nature, the Imperial Hoya grows in Borneo.
Spectacular hoya Gracilis (Elegant) in the natural environment is found in Sulawesi, the Philippines. It is a powerful liana, covered with leaves, oblong-oval in shape (pointed to the ends) with a light green, somewhat spotted color. With sufficient lighting, their shade becomes pinkish, and divorces become more contrast. In the inflorescences formed about 20 flowers with long stalks.
Hoya develops well in good light conditions. At the same time, wax ivy is contraindicated for exposure to direct sunlight (especially in summer) due to the possible occurrence of burns on the leaves. Best of all, the flower will feel on the windowsill of the east or west window. Lack of light will adversely affect flowering.
Flowerpot with a plant is not recommended to be moved unnecessarily because of the high probability of the disease hoya, dropping the leaves. Especially negatively at the change of place, the blooming, bud-forming specimen reacts.
In summer, the normal development of the plant occurs while maintaining the temperature not lower than + 18 ... + 19 ° C. In the cold period of the year, the flower tolerates well the values of + 10 ... + 15 ° C. The only exception is the thermophilic Bellia, which is capable of excessively low temperatures reset foliage.
Flower irrigation rules
The plant is recommended abundant, but rare watering. Such a procedure should be carried out after the clod of earth in the flowerpot is completely dry. It is very important to produce timely pouring of excess moisture from the pan.
In the cold period of the year, soil irrigation in the pot is performed even less frequently: after 3–4 days after the soil becomes dry. In priority - the use of distilled or boiled water at room temperature.
Well-proven bathing hoi, produced in spring and autumn. But in the summer of such a procedure is considered inappropriate. Warm water (+ 40 ° C) should be poured into the prepared basin, and the pot with a flower should be immersed in it for 30-40 minutes. Such an event stimulates flowering, will have a quenching effect on the plant. In the heat of the flower is desirable to spray.
In recent years, the popularity of hoi has grown so much that it can be easily attributed to fashionable plants. The name “wax ivy” is becoming less and less used in relation to the numerous species and varieties of this interesting culture that have appeared on sale and collections.
In fact, many varieties have a wide variety of flowers and leaves, strongly pubescent or slightly velvety, as well as rather thin and shiny, not at all like wax leaves and hoi flowers, fleshy, or carnose.
Hoya multiflora, or many-flowered (Noua multiflora), is so interesting that even those who in general are indifferent to these vines acquire it. Quite a compact plant, grows slowly, does not form long, rapidly stretching shoots that cling to whatever they find in search of support.
At a young age, hoya multi-flowered develops as an erect plant. Its leaves are thin leathery dull, without pubescence, with a slightly wavy edge, slightly convex between the veins.
In shape and size, they resemble citrus leaves, but are located opposite, rather than alternately. In addition to hoi multi-flowered with green leaves, there is a variegated form with cream spots.
The species probably got its name because of its constant readiness for flowering, if there is enough light. One gets the feeling that flowering is a more active process compared to general growth.
This hoya forms buds constantly, even in winter, but drops them in the early stages of formation, if not illuminated additionally.
Like other hoyas, many-flowered plants are capable of not only forming inflorescences on the tops of young growths, but also new rudiments of flowers on old peduncles.
As a result, after the fall of flowers or buds, rings of scales remain, allowing you to calculate how many times one or another shoot has blossomed.
Unlike many species with almost flat stellate and velvety flowers, hoya multiflora has such unusual flowers that it is difficult to come up with a suitable comparison - it is something like a rocket or a floating squid.
Dissolving, the flower turns 180 ° white and yellow petals, revealing the inside with dark red anthers and nectar droplets.
Etymology of the name
R. Brown, an English botanist and traveler (1773-1858), gave the genus its name after the English gardener T. Hoya.
Hoya many-flowered - unpretentious, often flowering houseplant, does not take up much space and does not require much time to care.
At the same time, its flowers are so good that they will please even the most picky connoisseur of the graceful. The appearance of this hoi allows you to use it in the interiors of a variety of styles.
Like all bright, hoya multi-flower requires good lighting for long-term and abundant flowering, but it can grow in partial shade.
Direct sunlight becomes dangerous for those specimens that are located on the south windows near the glass itself and are not watered on time.
In this case, besides burns, yellowing and leaf fall are observed. Eastern windows are ideal with the morning sun, but any other place with sufficient but diffused lighting will do.
The constant room temperature perfectly suits the plant, but the range of tolerated temperatures is much wider, from 10 to 35 ° C and more. Of course, watering must comply with temperature conditions.
The only "weak" place of any hoija is related to water. Watering should be “smart.” In the summer, especially in the heat, the substrate can be moistened abundantly, but by all means give it to dry then.
And in a cool season, watering is rarely carried out so that a clod of earth dries out completely. Hoya does not suffer from irregular watering, but constant waterlogging causes diseases and death of the root system.
For planting rooted cuttings, small-sized pots are taken, preferably not too high and with drainage holes.
Drainage is needed not only to drain excess moisture, but also for air access to the roots. You can use hanging pots and grow multi-flowered hoyas as a half-burst plant. Transplantation is done annually or after 2 years in spring.
If necessary, can be transplanted in the summer. Substrate loose, slightly acidic or neutral, make it from coniferous, leaf and sod land, peat, sand, vermiculite and a small amount of clay.
The multi-flowered hoyu form with the help of pruning, stimulating the appearance of side shoots, and also use supports for the unfolding of branches, so that when flowering the plant looks more impressive. Leaves need periodic cleaning from contamination.
Hoya easily propagated by cuttings in water, sphagnum and vermiculite at a temperature of 20-24 ° C. For rooting, you can take the apical parts of shoots with 2-3 pairs of leaves. The cuttings rooted most quickly in spring, but reproduction is possible at other times of the year.
Diseases and pests
The plant is practically not sick.
Transplant hoya to another pot
A young flower needs an annual spring transplant. An adult copy is determined in a new pot no more than once every 3 years. In order to achieve abundant prolonged flowering, should provide the plant close pot. If there is a need to get wax ivy with a lot of powerful shoots, it is desirable to define it in a spacious container. It is obligatory to arrange the bottom of the drainage pot made of pebbles, expanded clay, broken bricks.
In most cases, transplanting or planting hoy at home is quite successful when choosing a soil with any composition. However, experienced florists prefer to use a substrate like this: 2 parts of soil for plants, 1 part of small claydite, 1 peat or peat moss, 1 share of vermiculite or perlite. The choice of soil mixture for orchids is allowed.
Reproduction wax ivy
Studying information on the topic - hoya: care and reproduction, you need to know that for breeding plants used cuttings, cuttings or seeds. In the first case, you can count on the flowering of young copies in the year of planting. At the same time, the cutting method is considered the easiest and most reliable.
The use of seed method will be justified if necessary to perform breeding work.
Scented Hoya - home care
Hoya came to our homes from Southeast Asia: from the south of Indonesia and China, from New Guinea, Thailand, from the islands of the Malay Archipelago, some parts of India. In addition, it can be found in the north of Australia. Unpretentious hoya, care at home is easy for her.
This one-of-a-kind blooming creeper belongs to the Lastovnev family (Asclepiadaceae). Hoyi cross very reluctantly. Therefore, their varietal diversity is limited to about 200 varieties.
The appearance of the plant is a fleshy stem that becomes tough over time, surrounded by parallel-sitting leaves. Peduncles grow straight from the stem.
The inflorescences consist of sitting on long petioles flowers, umbrella-growing from peduncle in the amount of from 3 to 20. Their size depends on the variety and variety.
There are lianas with very large flowers of 8-10 cm (Red Imperial) and with small ones - up to 1 cm (Hoya Kerry). And in Hoya Nicholson, the size of the entire inflorescence is up to 4.5 cm. Most of the flowers of this plant are fragrant, smooth and glossy, dissected, five-leaved. But there are varieties with pubescent flowers, for example, Kaudata, Mirabilis. Of all, Hoya Multiflora stands out.
Its complex bunk stellate flowers cannot be confused with any other variety. Hoya Campanulata is not far behind, its inflorescence, like every flower, resembles a parachute, because the bracts are fused, slightly dissected. Color hoi petals range from dark maroon-gray to white and yellow-white.
One peduncle can bloom for several years, so do not remove it after flowering.
The shape and color of the leaves is also very variable. There are hoyas with small leaves up to 3 cm (Kurtisi), and giant varieties like Lambi, which have leaves with a palm.
Their shape can be round, oval, long, similar to a pea pod (Shepardi), a heart (Kerry), twisted (Indian rope).
The colors of the leaves can be smooth green, variegated yellow-green, green to white specks or with strokes.
Rules of growing and care
Hoya flower is a home plant. It is not suitable for growing in the Russian garden, because it loves heat, is afraid of the winds and the scorching sun. Under the direct sun the leaves turn red and get powerful burns, and the wind can slow down its growth.
This creeper has a rather small root system, so it does not need bulky pots. The plant is a meter long, and even with shoots, can easily grow in a 9-centimeter pot (volume from 0.45 to 0.5 liters).
Demanding watering hoya, care at home should provide some rules. Soil for cultivation should be light, but moisture-consuming.
Liana does not tolerate overflow - it will not grow in a wet pot. It should be with enough holes to drain the water. However, it is very moisture-loving plants.
The following soil composition for hoi is possible: garden soil or ordinary soil should be diluted with sphagnum, vermiculite and small clay (2/1 / 0.5 / 0.5). It must be remembered that in its content it is very similar to succulent and does not like too greasy soil.
Therefore, if you have black soil at the dacha, we advise you to add such land quite a bit.
Hoya is very variable, care at home depends on what she looks like. If you have a plant with thick, fleshy leaves, you should not allow permanent waterlogging. Soil between watering should dry out completely. It would be nice if the plant will stand in a dry state for several days.
For 4-5 days nothing will happen to him. But this is a good prevention of decay. These hoyi love to soak up the slanting sunlight. For plants with thin leaves, you can recommend more frequent watering and less sunlight. And on the north window such a vine will grow normally.
When over-drying the thin-leaved species can lose their foliage.
Hoey with light green leaves pubescent like a bright, but not scorching sun, abundant watering without stagnant water. They do not like overdrying, which leads to rapid dehydration and wilting of the leaves. Plants with dark green hairs prefer the usual content. These are shade-tolerant species that can be watered as the earthy coma dries out.
Does not make a large amount of minerals hoya, care at home does not provide for frequent and abundant fertilizing. Feed them must be very carefully.
It is best to buy fertilizer for this plant for succulents or orchids. If you do not have the desire to buy, but you want to use what you have, you can feed it with fertilizer for decorative leaf and for flowering (alternately).
But in this case, the solution should be made 4-5 times weaker than recommended on the label.
The best way of breeding hoi is vegetative with cuttings.
But it is practically impossible to grow it from a leaf cutting, because the leaf has no cells that provide the appearance of a growth point.
Therefore, even if your leaf and give the roots, one percent out of a hundred, that it will take root and germinate. Unless you got a leaf with a piece of stem. Then growing hoya from a leaf is difficult, but possible.
For rooting, it is best to have a cutting with two pairs of leaves - then it is likely that the cutting will be applied. It should be planted in a small pot in the same composition of the soil as for adult plants, as described above. But the land there must be added even less.
For faster rooting, it is better to cover the cutting with a jar or to wrap the pot in a transparent bag, providing greenhouse conditions. When the cutting starts to grow, it can be planted in a permanent pot.
At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the fact that in too large a capacity, hoya will not only not bloom, but will grow very slowly, since with a large amount of planting soil this “cunning” liana prefers to grow the root rather than the aerial part.
The genus Hoya, belonging to the Lastovnev family, is obliged by its name to the English gardener Thomas Hoy, who served as the main gardener at the Duke of Northumberland at Sion House.
For the first time plants of this genus were described in 1810 by the researcher and naturalist Edmond Val, who gave the genus a sonorous name - Sperlingia. But the circumstances were such that the manuscript of Robert Brown, who also described plants of this genus and named the genus in honor of his friend Thomas Hoy, was published first.
Hoya - lignified liana with long shoots and fleshy dark green leaves. More than two hundred species of these plants grow in India, South China, on the islands of the Pacific Ocean and in Australia. Flowers are waxy, star-shaped. A quick glance at them seems to be made of plastic.
Umbrella inflorescences usually consist of twelve to fifteen white, with a pink crown, flowers. In hot weather, sweet nectar droplets appear on them. The flowers have a very pleasant, incomparable fragrance. Depending on the conditions, the flower can “live” for several weeks.
During flowering pots with plants should not be moved to a new place - the flowers are quite fragile and may fall.
In culture, hoy meaty or “wax ivy” has become the most common.
This is a fairly large climbing plant, which can twine its vertical supports or plants growing nearby. In height, it can reach one hundred and twenty centimeters.
Flowering lasts from May to September. Depending on the variety, the leaves may be with a creamy white rim or a yellow strip in the middle.
Also other types of hoi are noteworthy: lacy, beautiful and many-flowered.
Hoya lace is somewhat similar to hoi fleshy, but smaller in size (up to 90 centimeters) and has more tender leaves.
Hoyu is the best best to grow in a hanging pot or pot, so that the shoots hang down. The flowers of this plant are white with a purple-red edging, waxy, gathered in large inflorescences. And most importantly - very fragrant.
In Hoije many-flowered flowers of delicate yellowish-green color and almost no smell.
Hoya is kept in a bright and warm place. The soil should always be slightly wet, and the leaves should often be sprayed. From October to February, watering should be reduced, the temperature in the room should be maintained at about eighteen degrees Celsius. If wintering too warm, the plant can shed some of the leaves.
Propagated hoya apical or stem cuttings. The peculiarity of plant reproduction is that even in a special container with heated soil, the cuttings take root for quite a long time - from six to eight weeks.
Transplanting adult plants without the need to better not produce, and if it is still needed, then the pots need to pick up a little more of the old and always with good drainage.
Room hoi grafting
For the preparation of planting material used stalks of adult plants. Short cuttings should have at least 2 nodes, 1 - 2 pairs of leaves. For the specimens placed in the water, the roots will quickly appear, it is desirable to wrap the container with foil.
Rooting occurs at a temperature of at least + 22 ° C, high humidity. After 2 weeks, the cuttings with roots will be ready for transplantation. Also, rooting cuttings can be placed in a wet substrate or sphagnum moss.
Sowing hoi seeds
This method is considered the most time consuming. It takes about 90 days to germinate the seeds and form the first leaves of young plants. It should be noted that the seed for sale is extremely rare. Obtaining seeds from available plants is incredibly difficult. This method is practiced only by extremely experienced professionals - professional florists.
Hoya at home
Not all flower growers agree to grow wax ivy in houses, apartments, considering it to be a purely office plant. This is explained by the fact that many superstitions are associated with this flower. For example, there is a perception that Hoya is able to survive a husband from a family, expel matured sons.
At the same time, quite a few people are sure that the wax ivy growing in the bedroom can bring happiness to the house, get rid of insults, envy. In addition, the contemplation of a well-groomed, abundantly blooming hoy gives aesthetic pleasure, improves the mood of all households without exception. A lot of useful information in the article: Room Amaryllis: care, fit and characteristics.
Botanical description and appearance
In nature, it grows in the rain forests of the tropical islands of Indonesia., the peninsula of Hindustan and Australia. It has the shape of a bush. Young plant upright with thin climbing leaves. The length of the leaves is no more than 10 centimeters, the width is up to 6 centimeters, and the color is emerald.
The leaflets clearly show the venation, which appears only on the mature wide leaves. Flowers resemble an umbrella. They appear on peduncles longer than 5 centimeters. The plant has elongated, miniature pedicels of emerald hue. Each umbrella consists of 16-22 flowers.
The petals are sharp and curved back. It has an amber white shade. Inside the snow-white with small spots of pink. Also, the plant has a small root system.
Then you can see the photo of the plant:
Place for the plant should be well lit. The flower normally perceives direct sunlight. However, this does not mean that caution will prevent it. Burns can occur on direct exposure to ultraviolet rays on the plant. Therefore, at noon, you need to provide a flower diffused lighting. To do this, it is enough to shade the window with paper, tracing paper, tulle or in any other way.
For the plant is perfect east or west side. On the north side there will not be enough light and flowering may not occur. If the plant before the appearance in your house stood in a shaded place, then you do not need to immediately put it in a well-lit place. It is necessary to increase the amount of light falling on it gradually.
Summer watering should be moderate as the soil dries out, do not let it dry out. And in winter you need to water even less. The plant has an excellent ability to tolerate a lack of moisture. But her oversupply can be disastrous for him.
Before using water from the tap it must be defended. Hard water must be softened before irrigation with peat or oxalic acid.
Not sensitive to temperature. Normally tolerates room temperature, feels good in the heat and easily tolerates coolness. However, sudden changes in temperature does not tolerate well. The average temperature in summer is +18 ... + 23 degrees, and in winter +14 ... +18. Some species can winter and at +10, but most are thermophilic and they need to provide a warm winter.
In the summer it is recommended to take the plant to fresh air, but to protect from direct sunlight.
It is necessary to select the soil for such properties:
- sour and neutral,
- excess salt.
For increased nutritional value use humus.
The best soil option should consist of:
- tree bark,
- pieces of peat,
- coconut fiber.
Choose a pot for this plant should be smallso that the roots fill all the free space. In this case, it will bloom for a long time and abundantly. If you want the plant to gain more green mass, then choose a pot a little looser. The material of which the pot is made can be very diverse and has no restrictions.
In a plastic container, the plant needs to be watered less frequently, since moisture will not evaporate. But in the clay on the contrary, the moisture evaporates quickly and the flower requires more frequent watering. If you choose a clay pot, it is better to choose one that is covered with ceramic glaze. It will ensure the tightness of the walls.
But there is one important condition for all hoi pots - the presence of good drainage holes. This is necessary in order to excess moisture flowed without leading to decay of the roots. Still the plant can be safely planted in bamboo pots.
The procedure is carried out from the middle to the end of the summer once every 3-4 days. Gives abundant flowering after nutrient fertilizers and fertilizing.
For feeding, large mineral fertilizers are best suited:
The procedure is carried out in order to plant a bush. To do this, trim the top of the central trunk after the fourth leaf has appeared. Pruning is done every year in the fall, after flowering. Do not touch the short shoots when pruning, they may be laid flower stalks. With regular and proper pruning, you will get a lush bush and increase the number of flower stalks.
Features care in the open field
In order to get a beautiful and flowering plant in the garden, you do not need to do something special. Care in the open ground is no different from care at home. It is necessary to observe the light mode, watering and feeding. After reproduction, you can plant the plant in the open ground and produce the same care as in the room.
- The main thing when planting to choose a place with good lighting, but without direct sunlight.
- Watch for watering the plant, not forgetting feedings.
- Also spray, which Hoya loves.
- Check the appearance of the plant to avoid disease and pest infestation.
Diseases and pests
The plant is subject to infection by such pests:
- spider mite,
Illnesses due to improper care:
- with a lack of nitrogen the leaves will become pale,
- when the temperature is too low, dark spots appear on the leaves,
- due to an excess of moisture the roots rot,
- when watering with cold water, the plant drops the leaves.
To save, you need to eliminate errors in care.
The most difficult and long way to grow. It is best to take the leaves of plants that inhabit the natural environment. The leaf is planted in loose soil at an angle of 45 °. After 2-3 weeks, roots will appear.
The problem with this method is that the leaf that has taken root may not sprout for several years. To speed up this process is possible with the help of a special preparation, which drips onto the base of the sheet.
Being from tropical forests, hoya loves quite high humidity. Therefore, it must often be sprayed with warm water above room temperature. This should be done daily, whenever possible and twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. At the same time it is necessary to keep the plant away from heating devices.
In the spring and summer season, hoya is fed regularly, once every three days, with complex mineral fertilizer. She likes nutritious feeding and responds to them with abundant flowering.
Any land is suitable for transplanting adult plants, as long as it is loose and breathable. For young plants, a universal soil, vermiculite, and peat are taken in equal proportions for compiling the mixture.
Hoya plunges into a state of peace when daylight gets short. At this time, you need to slightly lower the temperature of the content (but not below 15 degrees) and reduce watering. If you do not withstand such a regime, then hoya may not bloom or flowering will not be abundant.
In order for the plant to bush, trim the top of the central trunk after the appearance of the fourth sheet. Then a bush is cut each year, usually in the fall, after the hoya has faded. With regular pruning, the bush becomes lush and the number of peduncles increases.
Young plants need to be transplanted as the pot is filled with roots. If it was found that roots are protruding from the drainage pot, the plant must be urgently transplanted into a larger pot. Old plants are rarely transplanted, about once every three years. But every year it is useful to change the top layer of soil in a pot.
Pests and diseases
Hoya can be attacked by the usual for indoor flowers. pests:
- spider mites.
When they are detected, the plant is treated with special means in accordance with the instructions.
Defects of care:
- leaves of the plant become pale with a lack of nitrogen to save the plant, it is fed with urea in the proportion of 1 g per 1 l,
- when the temperature drops, hoya leaves are covered with dark spots,
- with an excess of water, roots rot,
- hoya sheds leaves when watering with cold water.
To save the plants, these defects are eliminated.
Some last tips:
- after the hoi have buds, it can not only be rearranged to another place, but also turned over with respect to the light source,
- Hoya is afraid of drafts, so it’s better to keep it away from the air vents,
- Hoya is poisonous, so you should wear gloves when working with her,
- some people smell hoyi flowers can cause headaches
- Once a year after a dormant period, a pot with a plant that has large drainage holes is placed in a container with water heated to a temperature of 40 degrees and kept there until the earth coma is completely saturated, this procedure promotes active leaf growth and abundant flowering.