Most of the several hundred species of Kyslitsy existing in the world are wildly inconspicuous plants, sometimes considered weedy. But at the same time, oxalis is oxalis, as the name of the culture in Latin sounds, this is also a favorite decorative flower grower.
As far as nature is concerned, they live in a wide variety of regions and conditions, these small, grassy plants are welcome guests in gardens and on window sills from the north of Europe and Russia to the south of the African and American continents.
Description and features of oxalis oxalis
Kislitsy greens, some varieties of which are used in food, have a pleasant sour taste. This is due to the unusually high content of oxalic acid. And since the feature was noticed for a long time, then it identified the name of the whole genus.
As an orchard plant, oxlice has been known for more than three hundred years. During this time, some varieties appeared popular names.
This, derived from the similarity with the "happy" four-leaf clover nickname received kislytsya Depp. Four leaf orangeberry, in the photo, or the flower of family happiness is also called the iron cross due to the contrasting pattern on the leaves.
The figured leaves of the oxalis oxilis in most species are divided into three or four parts, less often there are plants in which there are five or nine of such parts on the leaves. But there are interesting exceptions.
For example, in the Oxalis palmifrons species depicted in the photo of an acidic flower, the leaves consist of 15–19 lobes, which gives the outlet a unique, futuristic look.
Leaves of Kislitsy kept on long petioles may not only be green. Not uncommon - purple, violet, orange-red or variegated color sheet plates.
The flowers of the Kislitsa, in the photo, do not stand out in size, but they are very diverse, and sometimes even unique. The corollas are simple or, which is much less common in the terry form, can be single or assembled into sparse inflorescences. At the base of the rim are five smooth petals, the colors of which will be envied by a rainbow.
The gamut of flowers of Kislitsy includes all shades of lilac, yellow, pink, red and cream. In many species, the flowers are completely white or decorated with thin streaks of purple or pink.
Like the leaves of Kislitsy, its flowers are very sensitive. In many species, the corollas close not only at night, but also when the weather worsens or even when touched. Leaves in the same cases simply fold.
How does the acid and where it grows (with photos)
In a dense shady spruce grove, there is often a continuous cover of souring. At first glance, it seems as if there is oxygen, other herbs do not grow at all. Solid thickets kislitsy sometimes in pine forests.
Very interesting is the fact that almost all types of acid oxides grow far from our temperate forests. The most extensive distribution of common oxidae is in the tropics and subtropics of the Southern Hemisphere and has almost 800 species. Among them are many edible: tropical trefoil often have large tubers or rhizomes.
Most species grow in tropical and subtropical regions of South America and South Africa. Only a few are found in the cold regions of Central Europe.
Common oxygen (Oxalis acetosella) belongs to the kislichny family. An extensive genus includes about 900 species. In pot culture they support tiller Depp, Bowie and Bowed. Plant height usually does not exceed 10-12 cm.
This is a decorative leaf deciduous or perennial with squat, creeping shoots, which are small trifoliate leaves. Oxygen - plant vegetatively mobile, it does not remain all the time in one place. Adult specimens have creeping shoots, which, growing, can move on the soil surface. From these shoots grow already familiar to us "clover" leaves.
Common horny species are hornberry, horny tree nasturtium-shaped, horny tree pink, succinate kislitz, and kislitz Ortgis.
One of the most interesting species among these is considered to be the succinic acid - a plant that can be grown as ampelous.
As a room culture, the most common use is ironweed, 5-10 cm tall, blooming with white flowers with a pink border and small veins on shiny petals. Grayish foliage falls before the onset of winter.
Look at the photo, how does the flower of red rose of different species:
Leaves of common sour
Oxygen is a small, fragile plant, as if consisting of only some leaves that barely rise above the soil. Each leaf of acid has three separate segments and is similar to a leaf of clover. If you chew it - there is a sour taste, like sorrel. From here comes the name of the plant - "red rose". Even more successfully, the German name for this little grass is sour clover. The leaves of the plant owe their sour taste to the presence of oxalic acid salts. They are also rich in vitamin C and are quite edible, even raw. Of these, you can also cook soups, sauces, salads. In a word, oxalis can serve as a good substitute for common sorrel.
Slicer leaf segments have one interesting property: they are able to fold along and wilt. This happens, for example, before the onset of inclement weather. Leaves and overnight. However, the lowering of the leaves can be caused artificially, if you slightly hit them. Only their movements will be rather slow, imperceptible to the eye. Leaves will drop in a few minutes. This is best done in the spring, when the young light green foliage just appeared in acidic.
The ability of acidic leaves to motor reactions can be demonstrated directly in the forest. In case of mechanical stimulation, the parallel leaves after 5 minutes lean at 85 °, hanging almost vertically.
Blooming Kislitsy ordinary
Special description deserve flowers Kislitsy ordinary. In order to see how orange blossom is blooming, one must come to the forest in the beginning or middle of May. At this time, it appears small white flowers with a pink tinge. Each of them sits on the end of a thin stalk. Flowers, like leaves, barely rise above the surface of the soil. During the flowering season, Kislitza is clearly visible in the forest due to the white color of the petals.
Pay attention to the photo - the flower of Kislitsy ordinary is a glass of amazing shape:
It is composed of five white petals of the finest "porcelain". Such "porcelain" can only be created by nature. The nature of the creation is painted with a pinkish-purple pattern of veins as thick as a spider's web. Inside the glass are 5 tiny stamens. But that is not all. In the flower there is another circle of 5 other stamens. They are smaller and hide between the petals. In the middle of the flower is a pestle. He also has 5 long columns with points of stigmas at the ends and an ovary of 5 nests in which the seeds will grow.
With the onset of night, in bad weather, in bright light or with mechanical stimulation, the flowers slowly close, and the leaves fold and fall.
Fruits of Kislitsy ordinary
Fruits of acido, on the contrary, it is difficult to notice. In any case, they are not striking. The fruit is a small greenish ball, which is located on the end of a thin stalk - on the very spot where the flower was in spring.
As can be seen in the photo, the fruits of common tusk are balls of a size slightly larger than hemp grain:
A small nondescript fruit, however, has one very interesting property; it is capable, as it were, of exploding from touch. Try to find a few fruits in the thickets of Kyslitsy. Without taking them from the plant, slightly squeeze one of them with two fingers, then the other, the third. If among them will be at least one ripe fruit, from which the seeds have not yet had enough time to get enough sleep, a surprise awaits you. Touching such a ball, you will feel some kind of push, like a microscopic grenade exploded in your fingers. This fruit is “shot” with its seeds. This method of actively throwing out seeds is rare in the plant world.
However, to be precise, I must say that the fetus does not "shoot" at all. Oddly enough, but he takes no part in the scattering of seeds and remains completely passive. Seeds take off under the action of a force enclosed in themselves (on the side of the seed there is a special device acting as a repulsive spring).
When the "shot" from the fruit of Kislitsa, several small reddish seeds are thrown. They have good germination and give rise to young plants. At the shoot of the Kislitsy, two small oval cotyledons first appear, and then one or two tiny leaves of the same shape as in the adult plant.
Planting and care for the flower of acid orange at home (with video)
Flower growers plant small nodules in the fall or winter so that they can be sold as flowering houseplants two months later. In this case, the cultivation of Kislitsy is performed at room temperature. If you want to grow tiller in the courtyard, it is better to wait for March. Putting a pot with nods planted in it in a warm bright place, you will receive flowering plants by mid-May. Flowers do not appear simultaneously in large numbers, their appearance stretches sometimes for the whole summer.
If you have a few nodules left from planting, you can plant them in the spring in a light, well-drained warm soil, and they will surprise you with their foliage and flowering in summer. The leaves fade in the fall, after which you need to move the nodule to a frost-protected place for wintering.
The plant is light-requiring. In winter, it is recommended to keep it in a cool room with a temperature range from 2 to 5 ° C.
In the warm season, the sour face can be planted in open ground, where it looks good on garden slides.
When taking care of the flower, the acid at home during the period of active growth needs to be watered abundantly, often sprayed and fed once a month with mineral or organic fertilizers. In winter, the plant should be watered less frequently, preventing the soil from drying out.
The soil mixture for transplanting a plant should consist of two parts of leafy, two parts of sod, one part of peat land with the addition of one part of sand.
Good plant growth contributes to the drainage of expanded clay or small gravel, located at the bottom of the container, which is planted in oxygen.
Succulent acid pill tolerates low temperature and rare watering. In summer, this type requires abundant watering. Important for the rapid growth and development of the plant is a sufficient amount of sunlight.
As you can see, it is easy to care for acidic, but with improper care, the plant becomes sick with gray mold or fusarium. The main pests of Kislitsa are aphid and red ticks.
Temperature: in the summer room, in the winter not lower than 12-14 ° С Lighting: diffused light, partial shade. Watering: moderately plentiful in summer, moderate in winter. Moisture: Leaves can be sprayed. Soil: neutral or slightly acidic, drained, garden with the addition of peat and compost.
The video “Care for tiller” shows how to grow this plant at home:
Types of Kislitsy ordinary and their photos
Kislitsa ortgisa (Oxalis ortgiesii). Rhizome herbaceous plant up to 30 cm tall. In the wild form grows in the foothills of the Andes, Peru to a height of 900 m above sea level. Attracts with its non-double-colored, bright pink, small (up to 3 cm in diameter), four-petal flowers on short pedicels, 3–4 cm long, on a long, beautifully curving down peduncle.
Look at the photo - this type of Kislitsy leaves are dark green up to 7 cm long, clover-like, on long petioles, ampelous:
It blooms annually, abundantly from late January to May, sometimes longer.
Kislitsa Deppe (Oxalis deppei). Perennial herbaceous stemless plant with underground brownish or almost black onion and elongated underground shoots. Leaves 3–6 in a rosette on thin, weak petioles up to 20 cm long, palmate-complex, of 4 leaves, light green with a purple-brown spot in the center. The leaflets are obversely heart-shaped, at the apex notched, rarely toothed along the edge, up to 3.5 cm long, fold at night and in the dark. Flowers in umbellate inflorescence on peduncle, five-membered, red or reddish-purple with yellow throat, up to 2 cm in diameter. The fruit is a box. Homeland - Mexico.
Species undemanding in culture, for transplantation carried out in the autumn period (September - October), almost any loose and nutritious ground mixture with a pH of 5.5–6 is suitable. Oxygen is not very demanding for lighting, but it blooms better in bright light. Water evenly throughout the year, after transplanting (September - November), watering is slightly reduced. Deppe oxygen loses leaves in winter. During this period it is better to keep Ortghis tartan at a low temperature (10–12 ° C) in a well-lit place, and Depp tisor bulbs in a shade cool place. As soon as active growth begins, they are transferred to a warm room with a temperature of 18–22 ° C. With this method of cultivation, plants bloom together and give more flowers. In the summer should be fed every ten days with a solution of mullein (1:10).
Kislitsa is used as an amicum ornamental flowering plant in hanging pots for landscaping residential premises.
Reproduction: daughter bulbs (K. Depp) and dividing the bush during transplantation (K. Ortgis).
Delenki (or onions) are planted in small pots (7–9 cm in diameter) or in large, wide, low, 3–4 delenki (bulbs) in each (preferably along the periphery of the pot).
The benefits and use of acid
Acid leaves have an extraordinary, special taste, as if sorrel leaves were taken into their mouths.
Everyone knows that delicious soup is made from sorrel leaves. But it turns out that the same dish can be made from sour milk. However, the leaves of this plant are edible and fresh. They are not only palatable. Useful properties kislitsy due to the high content of vitamin C.
In sour pretty much oxalic acid. It can be installed quite simply. Litmus test, placed in the juice of Kislitsy, reddens. In addition, the dead leaves of the acidic become brown, because the green dye in an acidic environment turns into a feofitin as a result of the destruction of tissues in brown.
Like many forest plants, the use of oxygen is great, although few know about it. Alcoholic tincture of acidic and water infusion of herbs is used for jaundice, liver diseases, inflammation of the kidneys, exhaustion, and especially for metabolic disorders due to various skin diseases.
In folk medicine, it is recommended to use the leaves of Kislitsa as an antiscorbutic agent, and in the form of tea - from urinary incontinence. Pounded leaves were applied to festering wounds. The fact is that in the leaves of the Kislitsy, besides oxalic acid also contains malic, succinic and other acids. With sugar, the fresh leaves of the Kislitsa are used as an antidote for mercury poisoning. Juice kislitsy destroy the putrid odor in the mouth. Medicinal preparations from the leaves of Kislitsa are used as a means to purify the blood, they treat kidney disease, liver disease, skin diseases, metabolic disorders and digestion.
Aqueous infusion and spirit tincture of Kislitsa herb are used in diseases of the kidneys and liver, jaundice, edema, metabolic disorders, putrid processes in the oral cavity.There is evidence that drugs Kislitsy suspend tumor growth in lip cancer.
Oxalis - perennial or annual, herbaceous or semi-shrub plant of the "Kislitsy" family.
Leaves petiolate, palmate, that is, dissected, or pinnate, have a complex limb and are arranged in turn.
Placed on long petioles, they are collected from three or four parts, sometimes from five, six and nine.
The color of the leaves is different: reddish, purple or green. They are distinguished by an interesting feature to take shape at nightfall, when there is a bright light, or due to external influence.
Flowers are fivefold, regular, having ten stamens and collected in inflorescences. They can be painted in lilac, white, pink and yellow.
The fruit of Oxalis is a box with opening flaps. Oxygen seeds are stored in special compartments, each of which collects several seeds wrapped in a fleshy shell, which, when torn, helps the fruit open up and throw away the seeds.
Under the seed coat there is a group of cells saturated with sugar, which swell up strongly by the time of seed ripening, as a result of which the outer layer of the peel "explodes" and scatters small red seeds of acid. Just like the leaves, flowers under the influence of the bright sun, external stimulus and with the onset of darkness tend to close, which is associated with changes in pressure inside the flower cells.
Homeland plants - North and South America, Europe, Africa and Australia. It can be found in the forests of Russia in the middle lane. Mostly the southern varieties of Oxalis are located in sultry deserts and rocky ravines with poor soil, the species prevalent in the north, on the contrary, choose dense shady forests with rich soil for life.
As a room flower, the oxalis is mainly grown four-leaf or triangular. In winter gardens, toilets are planted near curbs or used as ground cover plants. The flower forms a purple or green carpet that looks amazing. Low species are actively used to create compositions of alpine slides.
Common oxygen - perennial plant, similar to clover, reaching a height of five to ten centimeters, with short shoots and thin creeping rhizome. Oxalis flowers have a white color.
See further photos of ordinary Oxalis:
Triangular acid - A variety of Oxalis, admiring its velvet purple or dark purple leaves. This species is another name - "Madame Butterfly", because the shape of its leaves resembles butterfly wings. A variety of triangular acido is perfect for growing in apartment conditions.
Four-leaf oxygen - Another type of Oxalis, suitable for indoor floriculture. The popular name for this species is lucky clover. Four-leafed Oxalis is decorated with flowerbeds, alpine slides and garden plots. The light green leaves in the middle are diluted with a burgundy spot, the flowers of crimson color are gathered in luxurious inflorescences.
See further the four-leaf Kislitsa flower photo:
Kislitsa bovee - heat-loving flower, reaching twenty-five centimeters in height, with green leathery leaves and pink buds.
Glandular iron - a variety common in horticultural crops due to its frost resistance. The plant is small, proportional, lobar leaves of gray. In June, this species of oxalis blooms with silver flowers with pinkish veins.
Multicolored oxygen - a delightful plant, giving birth to white flowers with stripes of bright red color. Inside there is a delicate white flower with a purple border.
In more detail about all types of Sour, we told in a separate article.
As room culture, oxalis oxalis was grown only in the last century. Florists attracted the opportunity to decorate the window sill with a spectacular plant from faraway countries with little or no trouble. A bright example of this can be considered acid purple or triangular, once exported from Brazil.
The names of the species are obliged to the structure of the leaves and their color. Most of the small-scale plants of triangurous triangle amaze with a thick purple tinge, and on the leaf plates, in addition, spots or strokes of a different color are clearly distinguishable.
But unpretentious indoor culture is not only violet. Green triangle triangle is no less elegant and decorative. Small white flowers stand out from the background of large three-leaf foliage, willingly opening buds all year round.
This variety can be planted both in an open area and at home, but it is planted more often in rooms. Roots are presented onions. This perennial first began to grow in Mexico and Panama. In height it develops up to 15 cm. The bulbs are brownish-black in color, they saturate short stems and rosettes. The leaves are light green in color, four-lobed, long and petiolate with a reddish-brown middle in the form of a spot, heart-shaped segments. Blooming Kislitsy long, begins in early summer. Inflorescences in the form of umbrellas, loose, formed on elongated peduncles. Flowers reddish crimson, lilac-red or pinkish, up to 2 cm in diameter.
It is a small perennial that is propagated by rhizomes. Can be used as a ground cover plant. Suitable for planting in open areas and in the house. In height it develops up to 10 cm. Leaves resemble clover leaves, develop on elongated petioles. The leaves are greenish in color, long and petiolate, trifoliate. Peduncles are also elongated; white flowers form on them. On the petals there are lilac veins. Flowering long, begins in late spring.
This plant is not resistant to low temperatures, so it is grown only indoors. In the open area, it is found only in the southern regions of Africa. Flowers very decorative unusual and fascinating color. The buds are snow white with rich red stripes. The flowers, when they open, are characterized by a reddish outer border and a white color inside.
Shaggy or hairy flesh
This herbaceous perennial, not having a stalk, forms tubers. In height, the plant develops up to 30 cm. The leaves consist of 5-9 lobes, up to 5 cm long, have reddish spots at the bottom. Inflorescences in the form of umbrellas, consist of 10-15 flowers of reddish-purple color. Flowering is long and abundant, begins at the end of summer. Grown not only in indoor conditions, but also in open areas.
Triangular or lilac oxygen
This is a small plant with purple leaves. The leaves are three-part, developed on elongated elongated petioles, similar to butterfly wings. For this reason, representatives of the species are often called "Madame Butterfly." Lighter spots are clearly visible on all leaves. The view loves the heat, so it is recommended for growing in the house. All petioles have 3 angular plates. Flower pinkish or purple color of small size. Peduncles elongated and flexible, inflorescences are looser. Propagated by club. In habitat found in Brazil.
Oxygen triangular moth or regisilla
This is an attractive perennial shizlitse Its leaves are green color with three lobes. In the spring and summer periods, red rose blooms profusely. The flowers are small in size white color. The plant is not resistant to low temperatures, but a stable hybrid with dark leaves has been developed. Can be grown indoors and in open areas.
This is a tall perennial; in height, under favorable conditions, it develops up to 2 meters. Shoots upright, branches wilted. Leaves with three lobes. The flowers are small yellowish color. You can grow as open areas, and indoors.
It is a herbaceous perennial, resistant to low temperatures. The underground part of the poor Kislitsy is small nodules from which leaves of greenish color develop. Petioles are small and thin. Flowers saturated pink with snow-white middle. Flowering is long, begins at the end of summer and lasts until the middle of autumn. Propagated by nodules. The view needs good lighting.
In the natural environment, the species is found on both continents of America, where the sour face is cultivated on the same level as in our regions potatoes. In the acid-rich tubers also develop quite weighty elongated tubers, which contain a lot of starch. Trifoliate leaflets, greenish, monochromatic. Flowers solitary, consist of 5 pink petals.
This is a short perennial, it develops only up to 10 cm in height, forms clumps up to 15 cm in diameter. Shoots in the form of tubers. The leaves are long and lobed, greenish-gray color with a silvery sheen, formed on elongated petioles. Flowers snow-white or pinkish color. Blooms in late spring or early summer. Flowering long. A popular variety is “alba”, the flowers of which are white in the shape of a funnel with a mid-yellowish-green color. “Lady Elizabeth” is also often grown - its flowers are in the shape of a crow, very delicate lilac-white color with a mid-yellowish-green color.
Carob oxalic acid
This is a low-growing perennial groundcover, which is considered a weed. Usually such low plants live very long, therefore gardeners perceive them as weeds. The leaves are sour brownish-cherry color. Virtually all stalks have 3 heart-shaped lobes. The flowers are small, yellowish or pink in color. Flowers solitary or bloom three. A lot of above-ground shoots litter flower beds, beds, so horny acid is grown in the house. If you decide to plant in an open area, make sure that the acidic vegetation grows heavily.
This is a gentle, perennial low-growing red rose, only up to 25 cm in height. Leaves are leathery, greenish in color, forming on elongated shoots. Peduncles thin and long. Flowers plants pinkish color. Flowering long, begins in late spring. The plant loves warmth, suitable for planting in open areas and indoors.
This is a short perennial, develops in height up to 15 cm, but grows well in breadth, taking up a lot of space. For this reason, the view is ideal for landing on alpine slides, where he will cover the stones and occupy empty areas. The shoots are greenish, the leaves are thick and brownish. Flowering long. The flowers are small sizes yellowish color. When grown in an open area in the flower garden creates a thick green rug. It can be grown in open areas, and in indoor conditions.
This is a stunted herbaceous perennial. Stems of a plant with pubescence, in the upper part form the leaves. The trifoliate leaflets are reddish-brown in color, heart-shaped, have a notch above and are pubescent. Flowers are small, up to 1.5 cm in diameter, yellowish color. Inflorescences in the form of umbrellas, consist of 5-10 flowers. This species is the most famous among those used for indoor cultivation.
It is a short-growing perennial in the form of a half-shrub, only up to 10 cm in height and about 15 cm in diameter. The leaves of the plant are grayish-green in color with many oval slices (9-22), they look very decorative. Flowers of a rather large size pinkish-white color, spotty and veins. Flowering is long, starts at the beginning or middle of summer. The species is resistant to low temperatures, so it can be grown in open areas and in the house.
A comfortable room for growing is a room with diffused but bright light. Transfer Oxalis and penumbra, but after a long stay in the dark shadow will be followed by the loss of the decorative properties of the plant. It is necessary to protect it from the heat of the sun: they can burn tender leaves.
Optimal the summer temperature is from twenty to twenty-five degrees, the winter should fall to twelve to eighteen. In warm weather, you can carry the plant to the balcony: fresh air will benefit him.
In the summer it should be watered abundantly, while not over-wetting, since the overflow for it is more terrible than drying. In the autumn, watering is reduced, in winter they keep the soil moist.
Oxalis flowers that need regular spraying to create a comfortable environment in terms of humidity, but only in the warm season.
Young plants need regular transplantation, adults - every three years. The substrate is made from leaf, sod land, sand and humus.
Be sure to create a good drainage layer that will protect the tubers and bulbs from rotting.
Oxalis four leaf (Oxalis tetraphylla) or Oxalis Depp (Oxalis deppei)
This acid is grown both in indoor conditions and in gardens. The leaves of this perennial bulbous plant, painted in a light green color, are four-long and have a brown-red center. Flowering continues for quite a long time, and the flowers collected in inflorescences are painted in red and crimson color. This plant has the English name, such as "lucky clover" or "iron cross."
Oxalis vulgaris (Oxalis acetosella)
This plant in height reaches about 8-10 centimeters and is rhizomatous. Its leaves are very similar to the leaves of clover and are located on fairly long petioles. Peduncles are also long and single flowers of white color are attached to them. Flowering lasts from May to June.
Oxalis multicolor (Oxalis versicolor)
This plant is non-frost resistant, and in the wild it can be found in South Africa. The flowers he has a very unusual and very showy color. So, on the snow-white buds there are bright red stripes. The flower itself, after opening, has a red outer edging, and inside it is pure white.
Oxalis triangular (Oxalis triangularis) or oxalis violet
This not very tall plant has dark purple foliage. These leaves, consisting of 3 lobes, are located on very flexible and rather long petioles, and are very similar to the wings of a butterfly, because this plant is also called “Madame Butterfly”. On the foliage there are pronounced and quite spectacular spots. Flowers of light pink, white or lilac color are rather small. For reproduction of this kislitsy use tuberous rhizomes, and in the wild it can be found in Brazil (that is why it is thermophilic).
Oxalis glandular (Oxalis adenophylla)
This small plant (up to 10 centimeters) also has a relatively small bush. Its leaflets are mnogozolnye and painted in green and gray. And he also has large pink-white flowers with streaks and spots. This species is winter hardy.
Oxalis Obtusa (Oxalis obtusa)
This rather miniature bulbous plant (up to 10 centimeters high) native to South Africa is very undemanding in its care. The leaves are slightly pubescent or smooth. There is a large number of varieties of this type of Kyslitsy. It can be planted in open ground in summer or used in the winter garden as a groundcover.
On how to grow acidic or oxalis at home, you can read in a separate interesting article.
Four-leaf oxygen (Oxalis tetraphylla)
The Mexican species of Kyslitsy in Europe has become one of the most popular as a garden plant.Four-leaf oxilon has a second name - dexylis. The culture is easily recognizable thanks to four-leaves with a brown, reddish or purple pattern on the leaf plates.
The perennial four-leaf pislitsea multiplies by seeds and daughter scaly bulbs formed by autumn, which can be eaten. The flowers in this species are reddish-pink, simple, with broad rounded petals.
Oxidic Ox (Oxalis obtusa)
Another South African red rose is an unpretentious indoor and garden species, characterized by its small size and many flower colors. Rosettes with a diameter and height of no more than 10 cm, depending on the variety, can be decorated with flowers of the sour face, as in the photo, cream, yellow or another shade.
Many varietal specimens have a ring that is brighter than the background color closer to the center of the corolla.
Convex Oxy (Oxalis Convexula)
The popular indoor look of oxalis oxalis is distinguished by its modest size, fleshy shallow foliage and rather large, especially in comparison with leaves, flowers of salmon pink and shade. At the disposal of flower growers of a grade not only with simple flowers of Kislitsa, as on a photo, but also with terry corolla.
Kislita vulgaris plant: photo, distribution, useful properties, how to care for tartflower at home
Oxygen on video.
Of all the species of Kyslitsy, Ortghis and Depp are the most popular in indoor floriculture. Their delicate clover-like leaves on long stems make their way straight out of the ground and gently hang along the edge of the pots. There is a belief that if you find an ordinary leaf with four cloves in the plant, then the owner of such a flower will always be lucky in everything.
Types of Kislitsy (Oxalis). Description of varieties and types of shale, photo - Flowertimes.ru
Such a well-known garden and homemade plant, like oxalis or oxillis (Oxalis), belongs to the kislits family. Oxygen surprises with its variety of species, which number more than 800.
Among them are found both annual plants and perennial, as well as those that form bulbs or tubers.
In the wild, such a plant can be found in Central and South America, in South Africa, and also in the form of common weeds in Central Europe.
The name of this plant became red rose, because its leaves have a sour taste. These leaves plus everything else and edible. Oxalis foliage has oxalic acid. One of the most popular species of this plant is popularly called “hare cabbage”, but in Europe it has been called the “clover of happiness”.
From the 17th century on, some species of oxalis began to grow not only as home plants, but also in gardens. They have become quite popular among gardeners due to unpretentiousness and a fairly beautiful appearance.
On the long petioles are leaves, which consist of 3 or 4 lobes. But there are species with leaves consisting of 5, 6 or 9 lobes. They are painted in a reddish, green or purple hue. Practically in all types of shrubs, before the start of the rain, due to the bright sunlight, and also before the night falls, the leaves form.
In Oxalis there are not very large flowers, which, as a rule, are collected in the outlet, and they are painted in yellow, lilac, pink or white color.
The flowers of this plant are closed after sunset, but it can also occur in overcast weather, because of too bright sunshine, as well as due to mechanical irritation.
Experienced growers have learned to regulate the flowering of these plants, planting them at different times.
The shell, in which the ripe seeds are gathered, can easily break off from a relatively light touch.
Most gardeners prefer to grow in indoor conditions, as the potted plants of the four leaf leaf oxalis (Oxalis tetraphylla). But also very often for this purpose they choose the triangle of oxalis (Oxalis triangularis).
This plant is used as a ground cover or curb in simple and winter gardens. Oxalis is capable of forming pillows of green or purple hue (depending on the species). For small compositions or alpine slides, stunted species are used, for example, adenophylla acid. And also oxalis is planted in tubs with other fairly large plants.
Carnivorous plants - species, names, food, description and photo
We all know the basics of the food chain: plants get nutrients from sunlight, animals eat plants, and predatory animals eat other animals.
However, even in this case, there are exceptions to the rule: there are predator plants that attract animals into a trap and then eat them (mostly insects, but snails, lizards, or even small mammals can also become victims).
In this article, you will learn about 10 carnivorous plants, ranging from the famous Venus flytrap to the lesser-known Darlingtonia.
The main difference between tropical pitcher type Nepenthes, from other carnivorous plants is the size: the "jug" of this plant can reach a length of more than 30 cm, it is ideal for capturing and digesting not only insects, but also small lizards, amphibians and even mammals.
(Doomed animals are attracted by the sweet smell of the plant, and as soon as they enter the pitcher, nepentes begin to digest them, and this process can take up to two months!) There are about 150 species of Nepenthes scattered around the eastern hemisphere, the pitchers of some plants are used as monkeys for drinking cups (because these animals are too large to be in the wrong place in the food chain).
Darlingtonia is a rare predatory plant that grows in the cold waters of the marshes of Oregon and northern California. This is a truly devilish plant: it not only lures insects into its jug due to its sweet aroma, but has numerous false “exits” in it, because of which its doomed victims make unsuccessful attempts to escape to freedom.
Strangely enough, naturalists of the Darlingtonia natural pollinators have yet to determine, it is known that a certain type of insect collects pollen from this flower and remains unharmed, but it is not known yet which one.
It is still unclear whether the plants of the genus Stilidium are truly carnivorous, or are simply trying to protect themselves from annoying insects.
Some species are equipped with sticky hairs that capture small insects that have nothing to do with the pollination process, and their leaves secrete digestive enzymes that can slowly dissolve the unfortunate victims.
To identify the value of insects consumed for the life of the stylium, further research is needed.
Rosolist grows in poor nutrient soils along the coasts of Spain, Portugal and Morocco, therefore it supplements its diet with rare insects.
Like many other predatory plants on this list, the Rosolist attracts insects due to its sweet aroma, its leaves contain a sticky mucous substance that prevents the prey from moving, and then with the help of digestive enzymes, the unfortunate insects slowly dissolve and the plant gets the necessary nutrients.
Born in South Africa, roridula is a carnivorous plant, although it is virtually unable to digest insects captured with gummy hairs. The plant leaves this task to the blindfly bugs of the species Pameridea roridulae, with which it has a symbiotic relationship. What does Ridulla get in return? Waste bugs are an excellent fertilizer.
By the way, in the Baltic region of Europe, the fossils of Roridula, 40 million years old, were discovered, which is evidence of the wider distribution of this species during the Cenozoic era, relative to the current range.
The name of the plant was due to the wide leaves with an oily coating. This carnivorous plant is native to Eurasia and North, South, and Central America.
Zhiryanka victims are immersed in sticky mucus and slowly dissolve with digestive enzymes.
If the insects are trying to move, the leaves begin to curl slowly, and at this time the sticky mucus dissolves the prey proteins.
Unlike other predatory plants on this list, the genlisei ration most likely consists of the simplest and other microscopic organisms, which it attracts and eats using specialized leaves that grow underground.
These underground leaves are long, light and externally similar to the roots, but the plant also has the usual green leaves that are above the ground and are involved in the process of photosynthesis.
Genlisea is common in the regions of Africa, Central and South America.
The Venus flytrap is another carnivorous plant: perhaps not the largest, but certainly the most famous in the Droseraceae family. It is rather small (no more than 15 cm in length) and its sticky “trap” the size of a matchbox.
Interesting! The Venus flytrap, in order to reduce false slamming due to falling leaves and pieces of debris, developed a unique trap trigger mechanism: it slams only when two different internal hairs are touched for 20 seconds.
Aldronda bladder - water version of the flycatcher, has no roots, swims on the surface of lakes and lures animals into its small traps. The trap of this predator plant can shut in 1/100 of a second. Aldranda and Venus flytrap have a common ancestor - a predatory plant that inhabits during the Cenozoic era.
Cephalot attracts insects with its sweet aroma, and then lures them into a jug, where the unfortunate prey is slowly digested. In order to further entangle the prey, the lids of these pitchers look like translucent cages that give the victim hope to get out of them.
Unusually, but the cephalot is related to flowering plants (for example, apple trees and oaks), which is not typical for other carnivorous plants.
Kislitsy varieties and care for them at home
Decorating apartments and offices with indoor plants has become popular for a very long time, but because of the huge number of different species and varieties, it is quite difficult to choose something for your home.
First of all, when choosing, they are repelled by the appearance and ease of maintenance. Oxygen: varieties and home care which suits almost everyone is becoming more and more popular.
Let's consider what kind of oyster can be, what properties it has and how it is necessary to care for it.
Description of plants and types of acid
Oxalis oxalis is a perennial plant with triangular leaves in maroon color. With proper care, the plant has a lush crown and exudes a light pleasant aroma.
There was this variety in Mexico and South Africa, precisely because of this, the plant has an unpretentious nature and is quite actively growing at home.
There are a lot of species and subspecies of Kislitsy - over eight hundred in total - some varieties reach high sizes and become an ornament for the garden. Kislitsu triangular thicket just planted at home.
The flower has a small size, and flowers of light shades that open from time to time are gathered in specific umbrellas.
Also, the following subspecies of oxalis oxalis can often be found:
- sour poor,
- Bovey's sour face,
- volcanic acid
- giant sour,
- nine-leaver flesh, etc.
Unpretentious acidic, care at home for which it takes you a few minutes, copes well with temperature extremes, as well as direct sunlight.
Owing to its hot, historic homeland, oxalis can remain in the summer under the sun, although this is not desirable.
In order to create more comfortable conditions for maintenance, it is necessary to provide a temperature of between fifteen and twenty degrees in summer, while in winter, oxygen content feels better in colder rooms, the temperature of which does not exceed seven degrees.
This is one of the most important indicators, since it depends on the level of humidity how comfortably oxygen can feel. In this matter, it all depends on the season.
In the winter, in the absence of the sun, oxygen can perfectly tolerate standard flat air without any additional spraying.
In the summer season or at a time when direct sunlight hits the plant, it is imperative that you spray the sour with water, and you must also have wet clay expanded clay in the pan. Otherwise, the plant can dry out quickly, and it will be much more difficult to restore it after that.
The most common types of shale (description and photos of plants)
Oxygen room (Oxalis) and garden under natural conditions it is found in Europe, Australia, Africa, although the birthplace of Oxalis is America. This is a bush plant of the kislich family. There are both annual and perennial species. The name oxalis (oxys, translated as “sour”) was obtained because of leaves that were sour to taste.
The leaves of all plant species vary in shape and have a different color: green, reddish, brown, purple. Flowers-inflorescences - white-yellow, white, pink-yellow, delicate lilac, pink-white, white-red.
Both home and garden types of Kislitsy quickly take root, give shoots and bloom. The root system of the plant also has species differences - tubers (small), rhizomes or bulbs.
The most common types of oatmeal with photos
Common Oxygen (Oxalis acetosella) - up to 10 cm in height, unpretentious, perennial culture with short shoots and a branched thin rhizome. Garden acid grows in gardens, groves, forests - coniferous and deciduous.
Its leaves are green, and the flowers are white, lilac with white, or white with pink. Flowering - from mid-May. The fruit is a small square brown seed box.
Vegetation in redcurrant usually occurs in two increments - from autumn to spring and in summer - from June to August. Summer leaves, on average, live for 3-4 months, autumn-spring - up to 10-11 months, so the acid ox photosynthesizes year-round and belongs to the summer-winter-green subspecies.
The winter state of dormancy of the plant is forced, and if during the cold season to bring acid into a room with room temperature, its growth is quickly restored. There is a frost-resistant garden species of common moss - Var. Subpurpurascens, which, growing, creates a solid flower carpet on the site.
Orthgyn's Oxygen (Oxalis ortgiesii) - high bushy rhizomatous plant up to 35 cm high, the leaves are trifoliate, heart-shaped, on a long stalk, the flowers are yellow with dark yellow veins. Loves moisture, quite unpretentious in breeding.
Oxalis deppei - bulbous perennial view. The roots of the onion (can be eaten) for the winter must be dug, planted in the spring. Four-blade green foliage, with brown tips or purple at the stem, is a distinctive feature of the species. Inflorescences umbellate, flowers violet-red-yellow.
Oxalis bowiei - three green leaves on the stem. Pink flowers. The plant is thermophilic, gentle, requiring light, if it grows in a front garden, but not direct, but scattered.
A strong sun will cause the death of flowers from a burn, and the lack of light leads to a loss of decorative foliage. The apartment grows well with sufficient watering - the ground should always be hydrated.
Iron Oxide (Oxalis adenophylla)- decorative, cold-resistant, undemanding to the composition of the soil, great for a garden in our latitudes. The foliage is silver-green and pinnate, the flowers are silver-lilac-pink with bright pink veins. One of the subspecies is Minima. It has smaller leaves.
Volcanic acid (Oxalis vulcanicola) - tall stems up to 15 cm, leaves are gray-brown-green, flowers are yellow. Universal view - grows equally well both outdoors and indoors.
It grows in a flowerbed with a dense homogeneous canvas - perfect for forming alpine slides, decorating the area with large stones, garden sculptures. It blooms from late May and all summer until autumn.
Poor oxygen (oxalis inops) - perennial flower, nodule, resistant to cold. The leaves are bright green, trifoliate, blooms with large pink flowers with a white speck on the petals at the core. Flowering - from early August to October. Loves sunlight, with sufficient light blooms better.
Giant sour(Oxalis gigantea) - grows to two meters. Record holder among sour. This species is perennial with straight and powerful shoots, small heart-shaped leaves and yellow flowers. Unpretentious, suitable for both street and home.
Nine-eight-acid (Oxalis enneaphylla) - in height it grows up to 10 cm, perennial. Leaflets 9- and 20-lobed, silver-gray-green, white-purple flowers, white or pink. Flowering - from mid-May to June. Curtain diameter - 15 cm.
There is an even smaller form of nine-leaf fruit - Minutifolia. For full growth and development of the plant, sufficient illumination is needed, the soil is acidic, rich in humus, with good drainage. In the winter, the plant is dug up, planted in the spring.
Shaggy acid (Oxalis lasiandra) - nodule, stemless perennial flowers with a height of 30 cm. Leaves are greenish, in red speckles below, flowers are crimson-red. Blossoming is plentiful, from the middle of August to the end of October. Divorced both at home and in the garden.
Purple acid (oxalis purpurea) - height is up to 13 cm. It has lilac-purple dark foliage, flowers are pink or white. Grow in the garden and at home.
Red oxygen(Oxalis rubra) - can grow to 35-40 cm tall, perennial. Leaves with villi at the base, trifoliate, green. Flowers - bright crimson or red. There is its variety - Pink Dream with delicate pink flowers.
Oxy rose (Oxalis rosea) - 35-36 cm high, the leaves are dark green, the flowers are pink. It has excellent decorative properties. Looks great on flowerbeds or lawns, used to create outdoor flower arrangements.
Multicolored Oxylis (Oxalis versicolor) - with thin elongated green leaves, with white flowers, edged with an orange-red stripe. It is well-growing multicolored oxalis in the garden, has spectacular decorative properties.
Oxygen hedarium (Oxalis hedysaroides) - only room, perennial, up to 26 cm in height. The leaves are green-brown with red blotches, the varieties of Rubra have red foliage. The flowers are yellow with brown veins at the core.
Oxalis triangularis - describing it, it is enough to say: flowers like butterflies. Immediately it is clear what kind of roe is in question. She has trifoliate light leaves on long thin stems, forming a bush, as if plastered with soaring moths.
Foliage is gray-violet-lilac, dark-violet, green. Pink flowers in the shape of bells.
General recommendations for growing Kislitsy
The soil should be loose and coarsely fibrous, but dense enough to hold the plant, with an acidity of pH from 5, 5 to 7. The land mix for acidizer is bought universal or is prepared independently with the addition of sand, perlite, nutshell, charcoal, bark creating the necessary aeration and drainage.
The soil is also enriched with leaf humus and / or coniferous, introducing sod land. When watering, do not allow a constant excess of moisture - it causes fusarium and rotten diseases of the rhizome of the Kislitsy. Drying of the soil is not allowed.
Prilicum is propagated by seeds, tubers or cuttings with a leaf. If seeds, they are sown in the spring, the earth is not sprinkled, watered moderately, but often. Tubers are planted in early spring in a pot, sprinkled on 2 cm of soil, watered, left in a cool place.
Cuttings with leaves vertically placed in a pot of water, when roots emerge from it - transplanted into the ground. It is necessary to feed the plant with mineral fertilizers during the intensive growing season - April-August. Lighting should be sufficient, but not bright. The optimum air temperature for acido is 18–25 ° C.
In principle, it is possible to keep a pot of acid at any place in the house, however, in some periods, especially in winter or in autumn, the plant needs a small amount of sunlight in the morning.
It would be preferable to put the tiller on the western or eastern window, so that in any case the light sometimes falls on it. Leaving the pot under the glass, on which the sun constantly falls, is not worth it.
Since glass has the ability to refract rays and increase their impact, the effect will not take long - the plant will simply be burned.
Room oxygen needs a full-fledged permanent drainage, from which it becomes clear that the calcareous soil does not suit her. It is best to give preference to acidic fertile soil, which includes deciduous humus, perlite, garden soil and peat. Alternatively, you can take a mixture of sand, leaf and turf soil.
As well as the issue of humidity, watering depends on the period and season. So in the summer months should not allow the content of excessive amounts of water, as this can cause rot.
It is best to check the condition of the soil, it is necessary to water when the soil is already slightly dried, usually it happens every five to six days. In winter, watering should be even more rare as the soil dries.
For irrigation, it is necessary to use exclusively warm distilled water with a low salt content.
How to fertilize
In winter, it is not necessary to fertilize the sour. At this time, the plant as it slows down its growth and all its processes, waiting for a warmer time. In early spring, you can already begin to fertilize the soil with various liquid means, but the batch should be exactly two times less than that assumed for this type of fertilizer. It is necessary to feed the plant once a month before the start of frost.
Homemade young oxygen needs a fairly frequent transplant, usually once a year. Only a few years later, it will be possible to transplant the plant much less often - once or twice in three or four years.
To understand that the plant has to be transplanted is quite simple: as soon as the soil is filled with young tubers, and this happens with proper care rather quickly, it is time to choose a new pot.
There is no special season or time of day for transplantation. You just need to withstand the same composition of the soil, so that oxygen is as little as possible injured during transplantation.
After changing the pot and soil, you can add special fertilizers to the ground.
Diseases of acid and how to treat it at home
Another big plus when choosing kislitsy as a home plant is that it is rarely susceptible to any diseases. There are only a few causes of disease and they are all related to external factors. So one of the reasons is rotting due to excessive amounts of water.
But most often problems arise because of pests: tick, whitefly, scythe, worm, aphid. All the consequences of attacks of the above pests can be independently eliminated with the help of special drugs and medicines sold in specialized stores.
If the plant begins to dry out due to the constant stay in direct sunlight at high temperatures, then you must quickly get rid of the already dried leaves and move the pot in the shade.
The flower Kislita breeds quite actively, it happens in four types:
- through the leaves,
- through cuttings
- through the tubers,
- through the bulbs.
Garden fruit species can also multiply with the help of seeds, but this does not happen in the case of house plants.
The most common breeding is through bulbs or tubers. This is done by separating the tuber or bulb during a routine plant transplant.
If you want to get a lush plant bush, then you can plant up to ten young onions in one pot. The result is a voluminous bush. You can also grow everything separately, but then oxygen will be more rare.
When breeding should strictly comply with the conditions:
- extremely rarely watered and in moderation,
- place individual pots with plantings in a cool place (because of this, the procedure is best done in the fall or spring),
- only after the appearance of the first shoots can the pots be brought to the sun.
Observing all the above conditions, in a month you will become the owner of a new lush pot of sour fruit.
You can also choose an alternative method of reproduction - using cuttings. To do this, do the following:
- cut the shoots and put them in a bowl filled with water,
- wait two or three weeks for the shoots to appear shoots of a new plant,
- shoots reached two centimeters - then you can be transplanted into an individual pot filled with soil.
After all this, it is also extremely important to observe the previously noted conditions.
Kislitsa, the photo of which is more beautiful than all the words speaks about the meaning of its breeding, will be a wonderful decoration and addition to any home garden. Unpretentious care and sufficient resistant plant will allow you to add bright colors and fresh clean air at home.