Botanists still have not come to a common opinion to which family the chlorophytum crested is attributed - whether to the Lileins, or to the Asparagus or Agave. The long linear leaves of chlorophytum are collected in lush basal rosettes, from which wilted arcuate stems emerge. At the ends of the stems are small white flowers. After the flowering of chlorophytum crested flowers, tiny daughter rosettes appear in place of the flowers, which gradually grow, form roots and can even bloom directly on the mother plant and release a new daughter rosette.
Chlorophytum crested, undoubtedly, an ornamental-leaf plant - its leaves are diverse, they are of pure green color, but in the indoor gardening the varieties are more often used with yellow and white longitudinal stripes. Very nice variety "Bonny" with leaves, as if specially curled. Moreover, the beneficial properties of chlorophytum are dominant and do not decrease in highly decorative plants.
Useful properties of chlorophytum crested
Bioenergetics claim that chlorophytum crested increases stress tolerance and converts to positive negative energy. And it's good to take him with you, like a cat, when you move into a new house - it helps to leave the past behind. But the real and scientifically proven benefits of chlorophytum crested also no doubt. It is perhaps the best air purifier in the home; it not only releases oxygen, but also absorbs both carbon monoxide and formaldehyde.
Caring for chlorophytum crested at home
Chlorophytum feels great both in the sun and in deep shade (just the white stripes will become smaller or just disappear), you can pour it, and you can not water it for a whole month even in summer - its tuber-like roots contain sufficient moisture. Crested chlorophytum is an excellent plant for the kitchen. It can be put on window sills and hung in pots - drop-down stems with daughter rosettes look unusual and very beautiful.
It is planted in boxes on the balconies in the company of pelargonium or other flowers, it is planted in rabatki and flower beds, and in the fall again brought into the house. Even if you missed time, and the tips of the leaves of chlorophytum froze to death, do not despair, just cut them to a living tissue, new ones will soon grow, and the flower will regain its decorativeness.
Chlorophytum care is so simple that it can be kept by people who are not at home for days, and care tips are more likely not mandatory but advisory in nature, if they are not followed, the plant will most likely not die, but will temporarily lose some decorative effect.
Temperature - prefers moderate, but can withstand both heat and temperature reduction.
Lighting - diffused light. It can grow in the bright sun and in the deep shadow with a loss of decoration.
Description of Chlorophytum Crested
In nature, chlorophytum grows on the bark of trees, in fissures, crevices and gorges. The best climate for a plant is warm and humid, because its homeland is humid tropics and subtropics. Because of this, when growing a flower, you need to constantly look after him so that he does not die due to the unusual environment.
Chlorophytum can be described as follows:
- The flower is about 60 cm tall,
- Powerful fleshy roots penetrate deep into the soil,
- Leaves of dark green color reach 50 cm in length and 3 cm in width,
- The flowers are collected in inflorescences that reach 90 cm in height,
- Seeds are collected in capsules that reach 7 mm in length.
Chlorophytum resembles a spider, because visually it looks sprawling, like insect's paws, and "shaggy" because of white patches on the leaves.
Features home care: lighting
Chlorophytum is a light-loving flower, but the scattered rays are enough for it. Therefore, place the plant in any part of the room. Of course, on the bright south side the color of the foliage will be as saturated as possible. But do not forget to cover the plant from midday rays, otherwise burns will occur.
Perfectly the plant near the western or east window feels. Culture adapts to the dark, northern side. But here the leaves will lose bright stripes and become monotonous. In addition, from a lack of light, the plant will not give kids. Therefore, do not forget to highlight the culture fitolampa. This method should be resorted to in the winter.
The plant tolerates changes in temperature. But the optimal range for it is from +16 to +23 ˚C. In the summer, you can take the pot of culture on the balcony or veranda. But make sure that the flower was protected from rain and sudden gusts of wind. In winter, do not allow the temperature to drop by +10 C. Otherwise, perennial die.
Chlorophytum crested does not impose special requirements on the ground. The main thing is that the earth should be loose, moisture-consuming, breathable and nutritious. Suitable universal store mix for ornamental plants.
If you decide to prepare the substrate yourself, then mix in equal parts such components:
To this mixture, it is desirable to add some bone meal or horn chips. But before planting, be sure to disinfect the substrate, because pathogens and pests can live in it. To do this, calcine the soil in the oven or hold over a steam bath.
Chlorophytum crested - water-loving plant. And for normal growth and development, he needs regular and abundant watering. From spring to late fall, moisten the soil abundantly 2-3 times a week. Use for this boiled or separated water at room temperature. Do not forget to drain excess liquid from the pallet.
In winter, the plant comes a period of rest. At this time, reduce watering to 2 times a month, while ensuring that the earth com does not dry out much.
Periodically arrange flower warm shower. In addition, chlorophytum is grateful for spraying. In addition, dust accumulates on the broad leaves of the crop, which must be removed with a damp, soft cloth.
From May to August, the chlorophytum actively grows and develops. At this time, feed him twice a month with complex mineral compounds. But if there are many babies on the plant, then the flower should be fertilized more often. After all, the processes take a lot of strength from the parent plant.
But do not overfeed the plant. The excess of nutrients reduces the immunity of the chlorophytum crested. And flowers become vulnerable to germs and pests.
The plant does not need special pruning. But do not forget to remove damaged and diseased leaves. This will improve the appearance of the plant, besides protect it from diseases.
With proper care at home, the chloophytum crested grows quickly and becomes crowded in the old pot. Therefore, every year transplant young plants in a larger capacity. Otherwise, the culture will cease to grow, produce flower stalks, and may even die.
Adult chlorophyta transplant every 2-3 years. Carry out this event in the end of February and early March by way of transshipment. Consider that the flower has delicate roots, so replant it carefully. After the event, heavily water the plant. The first 2-3 days, keep the culture in a shaded place.
Choose a clay pot with a porous inner side. Its volume should exceed the size of the previous one by 10%. Note that in a spacious pot the plant will not bloom and will not give the kids. But the tight capacity of the strong roots of the culture is quite capable of damage.
If chlorophytum has grown much, then divide it into parts. You will learn how to do this in the next chapter.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
For a similar method of reproduction suitable plants aged 3-4 years. Before the procedure, prepare the ground and a few suitable pots in advance. In addition, abundantly water the mother plant. Then it will be easier to get it out of the tank.
So, how to carry out the reproduction of chlorophytum crested:
- Pour a 5 cm layer of drainage to the bottom of the pots and cover it with 1-2 cm of substrate.
- Carefully reach the mother plant with the earthy ball.
- Use a sharp knife to divide the bush into several parts. Make sure that each of them has a strong root process.
- Treat the cut areas with crushed charcoal.
- Put delenki in pots, fill the voids with soil and slightly condense.
After the procedure, be sure to water the flowers. At first, protect plants from direct sunlight.
Chlorophytum crested produces a lot of arrows, on which flowers appear, and then sockets with aerial roots and young leaves. These processes, called babies, pull forces from the mother plant. Therefore, sooner or later they must be removed.
But do not throw the kids, because of them you can grow new flowers. And this is done in several ways:
- Choose a strong scion and cut it with a sharp knife. Put the baby in a pot of water for rooting. To speed up the process, add some Appin to the liquid. Do not forget to pour water into a glass, because chlorophytum “drink” a lot. When the roots of the plant reach 2 cm in length, carefully transplant the flower into the ground.
- Put a pot with a substrate near the mother plant and root it in the shoot with a process, without cutting off the arrow. Provide the plant with the usual care. Chlorophytum crested quickly take root. And when the sprout is sufficiently strengthened, cut the arrow.
Problems and solutions
The flower has a strong immunity, and he is not afraid of the disease. Occasionally chlorophytum affects aphid. And to get rid of insects, wipe the leaves with a damp cotton swab. And then treat the culture with insecticide.
The flower is unpretentious, but with improper or insufficient care loses its decorative effect. Common errors and their solutions:
- Dry the tips of the leaves. This phenomenon is due to the lack of watering or too dry and hot air in the room. To cope with the problem, increase moisture and regularly spray the flower with distilled water at room temperature.
- The tips of the leaves turned brown. This phenomenon is associated with a lack of nutrients in the soil. Remove damaged areas and feed the flower at least once a week.
- The leaves of chlorophytum are pale and fade. This results in a lack of lighting and too hot conditions. To solve the problem, move the pot closer to the window, and do not forget to ventilate the room.
- On the foliage formed brown spots. This is due to abundant watering in winter. Reduce moisture and move the plant to a cool place.
- Rosette leaves rotted. The cause of the phenomenon is excessive moisture. Most often this happens in winter. It also causes heavy soil to rot.
- The plant does not give peduncles. This happens if the culture is grown in a close pot.
- The leaves have lost a variegated color. Chlorophytum is not enough light. Move the pot to the sunny side, and the problem will pass by itself.
Attractive crested chlorophytum knowingly enjoys the love of florist. After all, this plant is beautiful and fits perfectly into any interior. In addition, the flower is unpretentious, and an inexperienced florist can grow it.
Appearance of chlorophytum crested and varieties
Surely, everyone at least once in his life has seen this indoor flower. They like to place it in hanging pots, on stands, as long leaves stretched with thin arcs usually fall beautifully down and look like a green fountain. This “cheerful” plant can fit into a strict and uncomplicated interior, it can decorate window sills or a desk, you just need to choose a stylish pot for it.
Since its homeland are subtropics of Africa and America, the neighborhood of rivers, lakes, chlorophytum loves humidity, but the degree of its adaptability to residential conditions is also high. If you put a humidifier next to the plant, he will be very grateful to you and show all his natural abilities, rewarding you with a rich sheet rosette and long flowering.
- The most famous species found in indoor plants lovers is Chlorophytum Crested, which, in fact, is discussed in this article. It is characterized by the release of arrows, on which grow small plants "kids." Such tufts greatly decorate the flower and make it even more attractive. Small “Khokholki” easily take root, if you put them in a container with water - this is the easiest and most reliable way to propagate a plant.
- Decorative species include Chlorophytum comosum vittatum. It is characterized by white stripes along the entire length of the leaves, there may be several of them, and the leaves in this design look very attractive.
- There is another great variety - Chlorophytum comosum variegatum, Chlorophytum variegate, it has white stripes on the edge of the leaves on both sides, this plant finds a lot of fans and has such color features are widespread among flower growers.
- Popular today and curly or crested species - Chlorophytum comosum bonnie.
- Cape Chlorophytum - Chlorophytum capense - in contrast to the previous colleague does not throw "kids" on the arrows, but its main outlet is larger due to the wide leaves.
- The winged form of the flower Chlorophytum amaniense, in its form is very different from the previous species, may have colored petioles, depending on the variety, and broad foliage.
How to care for chlorophytum
Surprisingly, this culture is extremely hardy, and even if the flower was forgotten, and it began to wither, turning into a half-dead plant, it is worth noticing and watering it again, as the rapid recovery begins. He “literally“ rises from the ashes ”, gradually acquiring a normal color, gradually throwing out new leaves and increasing the“ cheerful fountain ”of the socket, so you can understand and appreciate how unpretentious and undemanding this wonderful plant is. I would like to hope that such situations are not frequent, and flower lovers do not bring their pets to the extreme state.
Reproduction of chlorophytum
- As already noted, the flower multiplies easily by throwing out small bushes on the flower arrows or whiskers. This happens after the plant has faded. At first, small white flowers appear on the antennae, and only after this does the appearance of sockets with their own roots on the ends of the whiskers begins. It is enough to put them in the water, as the rapid growth of the roots begins, and if you add a stimulant for the roots directly into the water, then you are guaranteed to get a small chlorophytum with its own strong roots.
- The division of the bush also finds its application in practice and is very common. After the flower has exhausted the full potential of the soil, it is transplanted into a new land, this is where the bush begins to divide into several parts, which are then planted in separate pots, and continue to exist as independent plants.
- Propagation with the help of seeds is not widely spread, as in home gardening such activities are not appropriate.
Since Chlorophytum crested was born on the humid subtropical banks of rivers, he is very partial to irrigation and air humidity, because this is his native element. In summer, the plant requires increased soil moisture, since the air is dry, but in winter it is deliberately reduced watering.It should be noted that pouring the soil is not suitable for the plant, it starts to signal with the tips of the leaves, they turn brown and this is immediately visible. In this case, the ground should be allowed to dry in a pot, and the brown ends should be cut with a leaf, giving the flower its former attractiveness.
Chlorophytum is very fond of "shower", as well as any procedures related to water, for example: wiping foliage from dust accumulated on them. This occurs in the hollow, which lies just in the middle of the sheet, it provokes the accumulation of dust and dirt.
Here for the flower culture there are no restrictions, and undemanding is fully manifested. You can put the plant on the windowsill, where there is plenty of sunlight and it will feel quite comfortable, and in the corner of a room where there is not much light. The only difference is that in a lighter place, chlorophytum will grow faster. Its socket under the influence of light will become large, lush, and the leaves are wide and bright.
It would be nice to give him some fresh air, "walks" on the balcony or loggia will only benefit.
Since the plant grows quite quickly, it should be periodically transplanted into a large-capacity container. Such manipulations should be done at least once every two years. If the flower grows in cramped, it will stop throwing flower stalks.
The soil is selected from turf and sheet substrate, humus and sand, mixing all the parts in the same proportions. Before you begin the process of transplanting, you should pour a flower abundantly, then carefully dump an earthen clod with roots and clean the soil, you can put it in a manganese solution for several minutes, thereby making disinfection. Then, using a sharp knife, if necessary, divide the bush into several separate parts and after that place it in a previously prepared new container.
Nutritional supplements are useful for chlorophytum and are made no more than once every seven days. During active growth, and this happens in the spring-summer period, such “lunches” are very helpful, the plant is extremely responsive to them and responds with even more rapid growth and flowering.
Diseases and pests
Like other indoor flower crops, he has two main enemies among insects - the aphid and shieldweed, which can bring the plant to a sad state. The only way to get rid of it is to spray it with a fungicide. The drug Fndazol is very effective, however, its use requires repeated treatments, since the aphid will not disappear after one time.
Sometimes the leaves turn pale, turn yellow, become soft, and, eventually, fall off. These are signs of illness caused by heat or a lack of light. Sometimes there is such a phenomenon as brown spots, a reaction to the cold. In the absence of peduncles, it is worth thinking about transplanting a flower in a more spacious pot.
Chlorophytum - a flower that brings joy, purification, optimism. Plant him at home and he will justify caring for him with lush greenery and funny little white flowers.
Description of the species
Homeland chlorophytum - South Africa. The name he owes to his green leaves, because “Chlorophytum” from Latin means “ "Green plant". The name is widespread among the people. "Spider".
In nature, there are several dozen species of this plant, but the most popular of them is chlorophytum crested. The name of the flower received on the basis of appearance. Narrow leaves are collected in long bunches- "tuft", which rise above the ground. In the process of growth, the "spider" appears arrows with "kids" at the ends, which can later be rooted. The height of the chlorophytum is no more than 15-25 cm, but its leaves exceed the length of the flower several times and reach 60 cm.
Caring for chlorophytum crested easily implemented at home. The main thing is to follow some rules.
Chlorophytum perfectly adapted to the external environment and quite unpretentious in the matter of lighting. However, the bright sun will contribute to the drying of the soil, resulting in fading of the leaves.
But a strong shadow will lead to the fact that the leaves will lose brightness due to insufficient amount of ultraviolet radiation. Therefore, the "spider" basically should be in the shade, limited to the direct exposure to the sun for no more than two hours a day. In the summer it is recommended to take the flower to the air.
"Spider" does not need special soil. It will fit loose and light neutral ground. Ground substrate can be made independently. It is necessary to take the humus soil, turf, leaf soil and sand (in the ratio 2: 2: 2: 1). In the absence of the humus component, it is replaced by turf ground.
The roots of the Crested Chlorophytum expand strongly, so it is necessary to plant it in a wide pot, pouring a drainage from a pebble or broken brick to the bottom.
How to propagate the plant
The easiest way for reproduction of crested chlorophytum is in the abandonment of "babies" on the mother plant before the emergence of its own roots. A separate pot is placed near the mother plant, where it is necessary to plant the “babies”, in no case without cutting them.
The separation of the young plant from the parent occurs after the appearance of new leaves. Some growers tear off the “baby”, put in the water before the roots grow at least 2 cm long, then plant it in a pot.
Care for the "spider"
Chlorophytum is an energyless plant, and indoor care at home is not complicated.
Chlorophytum is notable for its love of moisture. It should be watered 2-3 times a week with separated or boiled water. In winter, the amount of water must be reduced, and during the rest of the year abundant watering is required. It is not recommended to “flood” or “dry” the plant; this can lead to the tips of the leaves becoming brownish.
In the absence of regular watering, chlorophytum forms root thickenings, due to which it easily adapts to the lack of moisture.
It is necessary to fertilize the “spider” once a week from May to August, during this period its most active growth occurs. Used for this complex fertilizer. Top dressing is necessary for a weakened maternal plant, from which fast-growing "babies" take power, because of which it can wither without proper care.
Chlorophytum crested does not need special pruning, but to make the flower look beautiful, dry and darkened leaves are cut with scissors. In order not to harm the plant, cut the leaves only from the outside of the rosettes, without touching the inside.
Chlorophytum roots are thick and strong, have oblong tubers. They grow quickly, so every two to three years the flower should be transplanted into a larger pot. During transplantation large bushes are divided by cutting with a knife. Before this procedure, it is necessary to pour plenty of soil.
Possible difficulties and illnesses
Chlorophytum is distinguished by its high resilience; diseases for it are an infrequent phenomenon. They are not afraid of pests, sometimes the appearance of aphids. Wiping the plant with a cotton swab moistened with warm water and then spraying with a diluted insecticide will help.
You can also highlight some of the problem points in chlorophytum, which can be solved by changing the scheme of care, namely:
- Drying out on the tips of the leaves usually occurs due to insufficiently moist soil or too hot and dry air. To solve this problem, you need to increase watering and spraying the “spider” with water at room temperature.
- Brown spots on the tips of the leaves appear due to damage or nutritional problems of the soil. The first step is to remove the damaged areas and fertilize the soil at least once a week.
- To pallor and lethargy Leaf leads too warm air and insufficient lighting. It is recommended to rearrange the flower closer to the window and air the room more often.
Few of the beneficial properties
The main beneficial property of chlorophytum crested is the absorption of bacteria, toxins that are released from synthetic materials, and air purification. It also neutralizes nitrogen oxides, which are caused by gas burning, so it is often put in the kitchen. When activated carbon is added to the soil with a flower, there is a marked increase in its cleaning properties.
Chlorophytum crested is not for nothing is popular with gardeners, because with its beauty, it is quite unpretentious. With the observance of simple rules of care, chlorophytum will for a long time please with its appearance and benefit.
Spraying and irrigation of crested chlorophytum
Watering and air humidity are abundant in summer, moderate in winter. The plant can be poured for some time, and then not watered at all. You can safely leave for a long time on vacation - chlorophytum will wait for you without loss. In the summer you can spray and pour water on the leaves.
Top dressing chlorophytum - from time to time you can feed.
Transplantation and reproduction of crested chlorophytum
Transplant - as needed. You can postpone the transplant of chlorophytum until the roots of the plant deform the pot, just watch irrigation better and feed once a month. The plant chlorophytum is easily propagated by daughter rosettes and dividing the bush. When the roots are well sprung from the daughter outlets, simply separate them from the mother plant and spread them out in small pots.
If the plant is old and sorry to throw it away - just make it rejuvenating transplant. It is very simple and interesting. Remove the plant from the pot and simply cut off the lower half of the roots with a sterile, sharp knife. Then divide the plant into several parts, tear off the old and dried leaves, sprinkle slices with pounded activated charcoal and plant in pots.
Caring for chlorophytum is not burdensome, and he is a pretty and useful plant. Settle in your home chlorophytum and breathe deeply.
Chlorophytum crested unpretentious, can grow in bright light and in partial shade.
Motley specimens require more sun content, but direct sunlight is not recommended, otherwise the leaves will become pale in color.
Temperature Suitable moderate room. In winter, it is advisable to keep away from batteries so that the tips of the leaves do not become dry.
Indoor plant can be placed in ordinary pots, setting on the window sill, in beautiful flowerpots on the floor, as well as in hanging pots. It is interesting to look at different varieties of chlorophytum in the same container.
Chlorophytum likes full-fledged watering 2-3 times a week, while paying attention to the dryness of the earthy coma, it should be moderately wet, not dry, but also not turn into a swamp.
In a dry room, it is desirable to periodically spray, so the leaves will retain their beauty.
Summer watering should be more abundant, moderate in winter, but not allowing for the complete drying of the ground. It is important to consider the humidity in the room and proximity to radiators.
Will fit ordinary garden land with the addition of leaf, sand and humus. Chlorophytum quite unpretentious plant. The pot prefers a spacious one, but it is recommended to increase its size gradually.
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Chlorophytum is a native of South Africa.
In the wild, there are several dozen species of this plant, but chlorophytum crested has become most popular with gardeners.
The appearance of the flower is fully consistent with the name. Long narrow leaves are collected in bunches, a fountain towering above the ground.
The leaves of the flower are dense, glossy, monotonous-green or decorated with a brighter band in the center.
In the spring, chlorophytum throws out thin shoots on which small white flowers in the form of asterisks appear. Then in their place tiny sockets are formed. Sometimes the plant also produces the third tier of shoots, after which the small bush begins to resemble a magnificent cascade.
Breeders deduced various variants of crested chlorophytum. The main difference is the size of the bush, the width and shade of the leaves. On sale you can find plants with dark and light green leaves, both wider and very narrow.
Chlorophytes look very elegant, decorated with white, cream or pale yellow stripes.
A few photos of Chlorophytum crested:
Consider the peculiarities of home care for Chlorophytum crested.
This flower can bring misfortune and even lead the house to ruin, as some hostesses think.
However, these rumors are not supported by real facts. At the same time it is precisely established that the flower is extremely healthy.
It cleans the air from harmful impurities, dust, kitchen children, fights radiation from household appliances.
The plant can be placed in the living room, bedroom, hallway, feels good in the kitchen and even in the bathroom with a window.
The flower is not too picky about the light. It can grow both at the window and in the depth of the room.
More light-requiring variegated forms. In the shade, they may lose the unusual color of the leaves, so these types of better positioned next to the window or strengthen the pots on a well-lit wall.
Chlorophytum is considered one of the most unpretentious plants. To make him feel comfortable, you need:
- Water the plant as the topsoil dries, using soft settled or boiled water. In spring and summer, watering should be abundant, in late autumn it should be reduced so that the plant can rest.
- In the period of active growth weekly make a liquid complex fertilizer for ornamental plants.
Do not over-wet or dry.
- Replant the flower every 2-3 years.
- Dust the leaves and at least once a week spray them with clean water. Once a month, arrange a warm shower for the plant, covering the ground in a pot with foil.
You can learn more about caring for Chlorophytum at home by watching the video:
Chlorophytum, released 2-3 tiers of arrows with rosettes looks very decorative.
However, young shoots weaken the maternal plant, it ceases to grow deciduous mass and gradually loses all its beauty.
You can correct the situation by timely separating the sockets and planting them in separate pots.
Air shoots after separation of the outlet are cut off and discarded.
To bush looked beautiful, scissor dried and darkened leaves. Removal of old, lethargic leaves stimulates the early formation of new, fresh and strong ones.
Reproduction at home
The easiest way to reproduce chlorophytum is to separate the rosette formed on the air shoot and root it in a pot and ground.
With good watering sockets fit perfectly. Some flower growers prefer to sprinkle young rosettes with earth, not separating them from the bush.
Escape is cut off only after the young process has taken root.
If desired, the outlet can be rooted in water, and after the formation of roots transplanted into the soil. It is advisable to plant young plants in the summer, they will actively grow and will have time to gain strength before the winter dormancy period.
Increased chlorophyta can be propagated by dividing the bush, combining this process with transplant.
An alternative breeding method is sowing seeds.
This option is more time consuming. Seeds are picked in the period of ripening of the boxes in February or March.
For better germination, they are soaked in a growth stimulator, and then sown in a mini-greenhouse, in a well-hydrated nutrient substrate.
The greenhouse is placed in a well-lit place.
Seeds can be sown in a flat container, slightly deepening them into the soil and sprinkling a thin layer of soil. After sowing, the soil is moistened, and the container is closed with glass or plastic film. Outflows will appear in a few weeks.
For good development, young chlorophytums require light soil and equal parts of peat, garden soil and sand. You can take a ready-made universal soil mixture, which is added to perlite, foam chips or moss.
In the pot you need a drainage of pebbles or broken bricks. The thicker the drainage layer, the lower the risk of pouring the plant when watering..
Features reproduction Chlorophytum can learn by watching the video:
Chlorophytum - care at home for a crested, orange species, breeding rosettes and transplanting, what to do when the tips of the leaves dry, video
More recently, the number of chlorophytums per square meter of the former Soviet Union could compete with the tropics of Asia, America and Africa, where plants can be found in nature.
This is not at all surprising, since home care for chlorophytum at home did not require much effort.
The recognizable rosettes of green or motley drooping leaves could be found not only in apartments, but also in the vast majority of institutions.
Unfortunately, due to the mass appearance on the market of unprecedented cultures, interest in lowly chlorophytums has noticeably cooled. However, the ongoing selection helps to regain lost leadership positions, and in terms of their ability to purify the air, these plants have almost no equal.
How to care for chlorophytum at home? What types of plants are most worthy of a place in the gardener's collection?
Of the two hundred existing varieties, only a few representatives of the genus are cultivated as potted indoor plants. All of them are unpretentious, but due to differences in the natural lifestyle, home care for different types of chlorophytes has its own characteristics.
Types of room chlorophytum
Most often in the premises can be found chlorophytum crested. Young copies are not too interesting. They predominantly green linear foliage, collected in a decaying outlet over time. To transform the aquifolia plants familiar from childhood help babies hanging on long shoots.
On the same shoots can often be seen and small star-shaped flowers of white color. Chlorofitumas in hanging pots are especially cute, resembling children's carousels with horses jumping under the dome.
Today, at the disposal of fans of indoor plants there are not only green, but also variegated forms.
Thanks to the selection on the windowsill, you can grow chlorophytum with a green and white striped or effectively curved, almost curly foliage.
In addition to the regulars of offices, kindergartens, hospitals and houses - Chlorophytum crested, on the window sills there is a place for winged or Orchinostar chlorophytum. Plants are very close in appearance, and flower growers deserve attention due to the orange leaf stalks.
They stand out vividly against the background of a smooth, broad-lanceolate-like greenery and gave the name “fire flash” or “orange on green” to chlorophyte.
How to take care of chlorophytum at home?
Chlorophytama, famous for its unpretentiousness and endurance, can be safely recommended to beginner gardeners and those who, by forgetfulness or employment, often forget about their green wards.
Remaining without watering, in the heat or in the cold, the plants lose the brightness of the foliage, stop growing, but survive due to the specific nutrient reserves in the thickened roots. It is necessary to transfer chlorophytum to comfortable conditions, most of the leaves regain their former, fresh look. And yet, you should not tempt fate!
What conditions do indoor flowers need? How to organize at home care for chlorophytum orange and crested?
Place for a pot with chlorophytum is chosen so that the plant is in diffused light for at least 12 hours a day. For variegated forms, the lighting should be somewhat brighter than for their completely green relatives. If the flower feels deficient in the sun:
- variegated plant gradually turns green, losing a bright striped color,
- green species will fade, and a long stay in the shade leads to yellowing of the leaves.
For all chlorophytums, the lack of light means the cessation of growth up to the drying out of the already formed daughter rosettes.
Therefore, organizing home care for chlorophytum, as in the photo, he is given a place on the eastern or western windows. Placing on the south side, it is better to move the pot deep into the room.
In the summer, it is useful to take the flowers to fresh air, and in winter you can and should highlight. But here it is important not to overdo it.
When there is an excess of sunlight and when the plants hit the direct rays, the leaves appear first bright, and then dried, brown burn marks.
Regular home care for chlorophytum at home is reduced to watering, moderate feeding and transplanting, when the powerful roots of the plant fully occupy the entire volume of the pot.
For a comfortable life, a temperature of 18–25 ° C is sufficient. If during the cold season the pot stays cool, the plant maintains its contents at 10–12 ° C, but only in dry soil.
Watering at such a time is fraught with root decay and death. In a warmer room, the flower is watered regularly, but waiting for the majority of the earthy coma to dry.
With the onset of spring and in summer, especially in the heat, watering increases.
Chlorophytum loves soft, better rainwater, but without caprice it tolerates irrigation with ordinary tap water that has been settled for a couple of days.
From spring to late autumn, until the flower forms daughter outlets and blooms, it is fed with complex means for indoor plants with decorative foliage.
The frequency of fertilization varies from 1 to 2 times per month depending on the condition of the flower.
Overfeeding plants is not worth it, because it threatens to weaken their own immunity and reduced resistance to pest attacks.
Unlike other indoor crops, chlorophytum does not need sprays or other measures to increase the humidity of the air.
And yet the florist can hear the question: “What should I do if the tips of the leaves are dry in chlorophytum?” Indeed, this symptom may indicate excessive dryness of the air. But more often it signals a lack of irrigation.
If you moisten the soil in time and introduce a warm shower, so beloved by the plant, into practice, the new leaves will be juicy and bright from the base to the tips.
If the flower has dried flower stalks, daughter rosettes or leaves, they are removed to avoid the settlement of pests or fungi. It is especially important to monitor the hygiene of chlorophytum planted for the summer in the garden.
Chlorophytum Transplantation and Reproduction
Chlorophytum is a rapidly growing herb with a powerful root system. As it grows, the roots quickly fill the entire pot, displacing the soil. In this case, not to avoid chlorophytum transplantation. It is carried out in the spring, and the procedure can and should be combined with the division of the adult bush.
With proper care, watering and dressing, the plant not only actively blooms, forms babies, but also forms young leaves coming from the bush. If they are not set off in time, the dense curtain curtain of chlorophytum, as in nature, can reach a meter diameter, but the intensity of flowering drops sharply.
Some species, such as chlorophytum orange, do not give familiar outlets to the ends of hanging shoots. Therefore, to obtain a new flower in this case is possible only with the help of seeds and dividing the bush.
Young plants, as a rule, already have their root system and quickly take root after transplanting chlorophytum into a new pot. The same applies to the transfer of plants to a larger container.
Pots for large chlorophytum is better to buy ceramic with thick walls. Thin plastic sometimes does not withstand the pressure of the root system, and large longitudinal cracks form on it.
Plants feel great in hanging pots and on strong, stable supports.
When dividing the bush and reproducing chlorophytum with rosettes, plastic pots are not forbidden. Such specimens can be transplanted to other cultures with similar needs and habits.
And in single plantings, and in the vicinity of other plants, the transplant of chlorophytums, which do not like crowding, is carried out once every 2-3 years. The soil for flowers should be nutritious, moisture-consuming and actively aerated.
In dense soil, plants slow down growth, the roots more slowly master the volume of the pot, the foliage is not so lush and bright.
For transplantation, you can use both a ready-made universal substrate, adding humus to it, and make the mixture yourself based on sod land, humus and sand.
Young plants are planted in the same substrate during the reproduction of chlorophytum with rosettes. Large children, having sufficient root budding for rooting, are immediately transferred to separate pots. Smaller in size, weak sockets are better to pre-put in the water, where they will give roots in a matter of days and will be ready for transplanting.
Description of the Green Guest from South Africa
Chlorophytum crested - herbaceous perennial native of the subtropical and tropical forests of South Africa. The leaves of the natural species Chlorophytum comosum are green, lighter in the center.
European naturalists exported samples to Europe, gave a botanical name, which means “green plant” in Latin. Room this flower was only at the end of the XIX century.
- Chlorophytum crested indoors reaches a height of 30-40 cm.
- A dense beam of narrow, 20–50 cm long and up to 30 mm wide, grows from succulent roots located close to the surface.
- In spring, small white or greenish flowers appear along long, thin stems.
- Forms at the ends of drooping stems "kids" with aerial roots that can absorb moisture from the air.
The natural look with evenly green leaves is better adapted to the lack of light. Flower growers show more interest in modern variegated versions.
Chlorophytum varieties Vittatum, Variegatum, Bonnie with contrasting white and green longitudinal stripes need good lighting in order to show itself in all its glory.
Soil for planting
Any flower substrate with a neutral pH value (6–7) will be suitable for normal growth and development. Sufficiently loose, light and fertile soils are suitable.
The soil mixture can be prepared independently from turf and leaf soil, washed river sand. The ratio of the components is 3: 1: 1.
Chlorophytum roots are shallow in the soil.
If the pot is narrow, then over time they master a layer about 10 cm thick, swell the substrate out on its surface.
Better to choose wide pots and pots.whose diameter is greater than the height by 20–30%.
Avoid direct sunlight on the leaves and drying out the soil in the pot. Forms and varieties with white stripes need bright but diffused lighting. Fully green plants better tolerate a lack of light.
Indoor flower is better to place in pots opposite windows facing south-east and south-west.
The light on chlorophytum in such cases falls from morning to noon or after 14 hours. The north side is also suitable, provided that the pot is placed on the window, not the wall.
With a short-term moisture deficit, chlorophytum will not fade due to succulent roots. The lack of watering will respond by drying the leaves. Maintain the soil in the wet state is necessary during the period of active growth..
Details about watering are described in this video:
In the summer, they are watered once every 3-4 days, on average twice a week. However, you can not allow excessive moisture, stagnation of water in the pot. From autumn to spring, watering is reduced to once a week so that the soil from above can dry out.
A large amount of nutrients will be required in the summer during flowering and the formation of "babies". Adult Chlorophytum crested feed 1-2 times a month from May to August. Dissolve fertilizer for indoor flowers in water and pour the substrate in a pot.
Stimulate the rapid growth of fertilizing with ammonium nitrate, potash nitrate or urea. Dim coloring, "marbling" - a sign of a lack of magnesium, iron, molybdenum. In these cases, micronutrient fertilizers are needed.
Transplant and transfer
Chlorophytum crested is transplanted in the spring at the beginning of active growing season. The need to perform the procedure every year there is the first 5 years.
Fully formed plants do not need an annual transplant.
Adult chlorophytum requires transshipment to a flowerpot 2-4 cm wider than the previous one.
Before transplanting the roots are cleaned of the old soil and immersed in a solution of potassium permanganate of light cherry color. The prepared substrate is calcined in the oven and cooled to room temperature. Spread the roots in a pot, trying not to damage, cover with soil, tamp and water.
Possible problems with growing
Chlorophytes are affected by mealybugs, spider mites, and scales. Aphids, flower midges (sciarides) appear. Infection occurs from other indoor plants, with open windows and balconies, using soil from the garden or vegetable garden.
Small colonies of pests are destroyed by mechanical means and folk remedies:
- wipe the leaves with a cotton swab moistened with soapy water or alcohol 70%,
- cut off and destroy the affected, dry, dying parts,
- remove 2 cm of soil layer in a flowerpot and fill in fresh soil,
- laid out in pots the teeth of peeled garlic,
- sprayed with infusion of tansy, tobacco, wormwood.
In case of severe damage by pests, spraying with solutions of insecticides and acaricides is carried out. Strong drugs: Actofit, Vertimek, Fitoverm, Permethrin, Aktellik, Aktar. Chemical treatment of indoor flowers should be carried out on the balcony or in a non-residential area where there are no children or pets.
With a lack / excess moisture, the edges of the leaves curl, become brown.
Brown spots appear due to sunburn, hot air from the radiator.
Drying tips of the leaves - a signal to transplant or feed. "Children" are not formed in plants in too small flowerpots.
Chlorophytum crested: home care, features and reproduction
Chlorophytum crested is in great demand among gardeners. And it is not surprising, because this beautiful plant is endowed with a non-capricious character, and caring for it does not take much time and effort. In addition, the culture is able to clean the air from harmful impurities and bacteria.
Chlorophytum crested - grassy crop of the Asparagaceae family, which came to us from the subtropical and tropical forests of South Africa. In Latin, the name of the flower means "green plant".
In the natural environment, perennial shrub grows to a meter wide and high. Under room conditions, its size is a bit more modest. The plant has strong roots that go to a depth of 10-15 cm.
The oblong leaves of the culture are collected in a small basal rosette, and their length reaches 50-60 cm.
They are painted in green tones, but some species have white or yellow longitudinal stripes.
Each year, the socket produces several mustache-peduncles, on which small white buds grow. In the future, the flowers turn into kids - small sockets with air roots. In some cases, pollination of buds occurs, and a seed pod is formed on the plant.
Unlike other southern perennials, chlorophytum is non-capricious and takes root well at home. In addition, its lush juicy green fits perfectly into any interior. Therefore, the flower is used to decorate apartments and offices.
But beauty and unpretentiousness are not the only virtues of a plant. Scientists have proved that chlorophytum purifies the air and destroys harmful impurities, toxins and pathogens. Therefore, it is recommended to plant flowers for people with lung diseases, as well as in rooms located near industrial facilities.
Breeders deduced many varieties of plants. Especially popular with gardeners are such varieties:
- Variegatum. The leaves of the plant are emerald green with white stripes along the edge.
- Maculatum. On the green leaves of the culture there are several yellow longitudinal stripes.
- Mandaianum. The difference of this variety is a wide yellow band in the center of a green leaf.
- Bonny. The variety has a compact size. It has curved green leaves with a white longitudinal stripe.
- Vittatum. The central part of the leaves is painted white and the edges are saturated green.
Each of these varieties will adorn the collection of a grower. In addition, an inexperienced gardener will be able to grow them, because an unpretentious character is a quality for which chloophytum is crested.
Growing chlorophytum and proper care of the plant at home
Chlorophytum is a houseplant that is great for novice home gardeners. It is not capricious to care and works as an indoor air purifier in a polluted urban atmosphere. The flower is reproduced by rosettes. You can even understand the technology from the photo. Moreover, chlorophytum takes root and grows quite quickly.
Description and characteristics of chlorophytum
If you have no time to do household work, but want to green the apartment space, get a chlorophytum. This perennial grassy shrub is characterized by long green leaves, sometimes with white stripes. Another feature is the long hanging arrows with tufts of green at the end. Chlorophytum is easy to find on the market or in any flower shop.
Homeland indoor flower - Central America and South Africa. There culture grows in the river valleys. But, as it turned out, it will also survive on the window-sill of an apartment with a negligent owner. Chlorophytum unpretentious and hardy. It grows in containers of any size, not picky about the abundance of sunlight and temperature. The pot can be placed away from the window.
Chlorophytum - not capricious and hardy plant
Even if you forget about watering for a month, chlorophytum will not dry up, although it will lose its tone. The powerful and fleshy root of the flower absorbs and stores moisture in case of unforeseen drought.
If there is a lot of water, the bush will grow deep into and in breadth, and will also give abundant offspring. Well-groomed plant looks fresh and beautiful in different interiors. In addition, it performs the functions of a vacuum cleaner.
A pair of chlorophytum will clean the atmosphere of a room in 7 square meters. m from:
- harmful radiation
- street dust
- harmful microorganisms.
Council If you decide to start chlorophytum to improve the atmosphere, flower growers are advised to purchase, in addition to it, home cypress, which has disinfecting properties.
Types of chlorophytum
This flower is usually hung in pots or placed on floral multi-level coasters to unleash the descending leaves. Many varieties are suitable for growing on a bed in the open. Today in the apartments you can find these types of chlorophytum:
- Crested The most popular. It has narrow long leaves and a mustache. At the ends of these arrows appear sockets from miniature chlorophytum. They can be rooted. Crested has several subspecies: with small white longitudinal stripes or one wide, slightly curly, curly leaves.
- Cape It looks like a crested, but has wider leaves and does not form lateral processes with offspring on the arrows.
- Winged. Gain popularity. The leaves are lanceolate, rather wide, on long petioles (in some varieties they are colored).
Features care chlorophytum at home
The plant will forgive the owner’s inattention if there are at least minimal conditions:
- Chlorophytum easily withstands temperature fluctuations. However, for normal development, still stick to + 18 ° C, and in winter - at least + 10 ° C. The cold will not kill the flower, but dark spots may appear on its leaves.
Protect Chlorophytum from cold
- It is better not to place the plant in a draft.
- Optimal lighting for chlorophytum - diffused. Allowed for 2-3 hours exposure to direct sunlight during the day. In the shade, the chlorophytum will not wither, but in good light it will be more magnificent.
- In summer, the flower will feel best with abundant watering with separated water 2-3 times a week. For the rest of the time, keep to a minimum watering so that the soil in the pot does not dry out.
- In the summer, chlorophytum likes high humidity. It is achieved by spraying with settled water at room temperature. The rest of the year it is not necessary to conduct such a procedure.
- Pruning a houseplant is needed to get rid of damaged or dead parts. So adjust the shape of the bush.
- You can feed chlorophytum, but not more often than 2 times a month (from March to August). Use blends for ornamental deciduous crops.
- To maintain the beauty of the flower, wash its leaves from time to time with warm water from dust and dirt.
Attention! The result of improper care may be drying the tips of the leaves. Such areas need to be cut, and the plant will regain its decorative appearance.
In the summer, you can put chlorophytum on a balcony, loggia or other place with fresh air. Also, make sure that the flower does not outgrow your pot. In this case, you will need a transplant.