Crop production

Celery leaf - growing

Today, celery is grown in almost any territory of Russia and in the middle lane. Even a beginner can get a harvest, since celery is rather unpretentious if it is provided with minimum conditions for growth. It is rather simple to cultivate this leaf vegetable culture at any summer cottage.

We draw your attention to the fact that even a basic knowledge of various vegetable crops will make it possible to understand how they should be grown properly, which cultivation technologies will be the most optimal and effective. As a result, you yourself can make adjustments to the process of growing any crop, given the climatic features of your region.

Celery is a member of the Celery family (aka Full-Family). Currently, there are more than 20 species of this plant. One of the most common is Odorous, which is considered a vegetable.

Usually, depending on the celery variety, they are grown to produce fragrant greens or roots. Harvest can be collected in the first year after planting, despite the fact that the plant itself is biennial. It blooms and gives seeds only in the second year.

The foliage of this vegetable is dissected around the edges, the inflorescences look like small umbrellas, and which you can see several small flowers.

Celery has taproot, regardless of the type of plant. It is rounded.

The plant propagates with the help of seeds, which are formed in the second year after planting. They germinate very slowly. In this regard, gardeners are trying to grow this vegetable through seedlings in order to get uniform seedlings. This is convenient for growing the crop as a whole, but it does not have a critical effect on the result.

There are three types of celery - leaf, root and stalked. Each of these plant species has its own characteristics.

Sowing celery seeds

In order to grow celery leaf from seeds, you need to know some of the nuances. Before planting the seeds, it is recommended to soak them for several days in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is a growth stimulant for celery seeds. Before sowing seeds in open ground, they are thoroughly dried and mixed with sand, in a ratio of 1 to 8. This is done in order to simplify the process of planting. Shoots do not appear very quickly. You can wait for them for 20 days. The beginning of the landing period is the first decade of April. But it is recommended to look at the temperature. Soil temperature should not fall below 10 degrees Celsius.

Celery Overview

Celery varieties are divided into three varieties - leaf, petiolate and root. In the middle zone, all species can be planted in a seedling manner, since this crop is characterized by a long growing season. In practice, this method only grows the last two, and the leaf is sown directly in the soil in early spring or before winter.

Growing celery in the open field requires advance soil preparation. Garden beds for all types of cooking in the fall:

  • make phosphate and potash fertilizers,
  • add well rotted manure or compost,
  • pour ash or dolomite flour for acidic soil,
  • digging in with a pitchfork, removing the roots of weeds,
  • form the beds.

For planting celery in the ground choose open sunny places. Recommended doses of mineral fertilizers are indicated on the packaging, organics need an average bucket per square meter, and the amount of dolomite flour can be calculated based on the acidity level of the soil on the site. 350-450 g per square meter are added to the subacid one, twice as much for acidic.If the soil is alkaline, you can do by adding 100-150 g to saturate it with calcium and magnesium.

Growing celery and caring for it in the open field requires frequent irrigation and regular fertilizing with liquid organic fertilizers - mullein or nettle extract.

With a lack of water, leaves and petioles will be rough and fibrous, and the root crop will not reach the desired size.

When to sow seeds

The stalked and root celery species are sown on seedlings in February or March. Late-ripening varieties should be sown earlier. Before planting, seeds should preferably be kept in a pink solution of potassium permanganate, washed and removed for 10-12 days on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, wrapped in a damp cloth. Thus, celery seeds undergo stratification and subsequently emerge faster and more friendly.

Terms of planting in the ground

When planting celery in open ground - the weather will tell. The soil at the time of planting seedlings should warm up to +8 degrees. In the middle lane, it usually occurs in mid-May. The seedling by this time should have several strong leaves, developed root system and be hardened. To do this, it is regularly carried out during the day on the balcony or street.

Features agrotehnika culture

Celery is planted in the ground in rows. The optimal distance between them is at least 50-60 cm, and between plants - 25 cm.

Plants planted thicker will not receive nutrients and light. After planting, seedlings are poured abundantly with water.

In the future, for good growth and development, celery is regularly watered, weeds are removed and loosened.

Growing stalked celery in the open field has some special features. Starting from the middle of the season, the bushes slightly roll up, and at the end of the summer, when the stalks have almost reached their presentation, they can be tucked up harder and wrapped in light paper. These procedures are carried out in order to get bleached stems - they are softer and more juicy than bleached.

Growing root celery in the open field also has subtleties, without the knowledge of which it is difficult to get an even and large root crop. Seedlings need to be planted on the ridges, without deepening. After the plant begins to form a root crop, it is necessary to regularly cut off the outer leaves, carefully cut off the side roots and ensure that there are only a few thick lower roots in the ground. Land from the roots regularly otbrebyat and loosen. Otherwise, there is a high risk of getting a brush from the roots instead of a rounded root. For normal growth, a few well-developed young leaves and the lowest roots are enough for root celery.

Removing excess leaves and roots from root celery, we must not forget about regular fertilizing with organic fertilizers. Then the plant will form a large root vegetable.

When celery is harvested

Harvesting celery leaf starts as soon as the first green grows. During the summer period it is cut off several times. After cutting the plant is watered and fed.

Cleaning stem and root species is carried out selectively, as the individual bushes ripen. It is necessary to finish it before the onset of autumn frosts, that is, until mid-October.

With the implementation of these simple recommendations, cultivation of celery and care for it in the open field will be easy and will result in a tasty and rich in vitamins harvest.

Celery Root Growing Videos

Growing celery is not considered a difficult task, but it is advisable to know some nuances to increase the efficiency of the process itself. This plant is of different types, so each has its own characteristics, which are desirable to take into account when planting in the garden. In this article we will tell our readers how to grow leaf celery, how to care for it, what useful properties it has, as well as about possible diseases and pests that can cause damage to the crop.

Botanical description

Today, celery is grown in almost any territory of Russia and in the middle lane. Even a beginner can get a harvest, since celery is rather unpretentious if it is provided with minimum conditions for growth. It is rather simple to cultivate this leaf vegetable culture at any summer cottage.

We draw your attention to the fact that even a basic knowledge of various vegetable crops will make it possible to understand how they should be grown properly, which cultivation technologies will be the most optimal and effective. As a result, you yourself can make adjustments to the process of growing any crop, given the climatic features of your region.

Celery is a member of the Celery family (aka Full-Family). Currently, there are more than 20 species of this plant. One of the most common is Odorous, which is considered a vegetable.

Usually, depending on the celery variety, they are grown to produce fragrant greens or roots. Harvest can be collected in the first year after planting, despite the fact that the plant itself is biennial. It blooms and gives seeds only in the second year.

The foliage of this vegetable is dissected around the edges, the inflorescences look like small umbrellas, and which you can see several small flowers.

Celery has taproot, regardless of the type of plant. It is rounded.

The plant propagates with the help of seeds, which are formed in the second year after planting. They germinate very slowly. In this regard, gardeners are trying to grow this vegetable through seedlings in order to get uniform seedlings. This is convenient for growing the crop as a whole, but it does not have a critical effect on the result.

There are three types of celery - leaf, root and stalked. Each of these plant species has its own characteristics.

Beneficial features

Celery is often used for cooking various dishes. It improves the taste characteristics, but is not combined with all products. This green is very useful for the body, rich in vitamins and other useful substances. Improves the immune system of the human body, digestion, and also strengthens the blood vessels.

Celery is often included in the diet for the diagnosis of gastritis, stomach ulcers and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Also useful in diseases of the genitourinary system. This vegetable prevents the formation of kidney stones, has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and diuretic effects. When constipation weakens the work of the digestive system, and is used for obesity.

If you regularly eat celery, you can not only normalize the cardiovascular system, but also get rid of insomnia. Restores the water-salt balance in the body, raises the overall tone of the body, stimulates the brain and improves physical activity.

Due to the wide range of positive qualities that celery has on the human body, many farmers and summer residents began to grow it.

Planting and care

For planting celery leaf, you can use seeds. Landing is almost always done in open ground. As soon as the soil warms up to 10 degrees, it will be possible to start planting.

Depending on the region, warming occurs at different times. Accordingly, in some places, planting of vegetables in the open field may begin in April, and somewhere in late May.

Since the cultivation of leaf celery passes through the seeds very slowly, it will not work to obtain uniform seedlings. In this regard, you can use ready-made seedlings. Usually it is purchased in the markets, as you can choose the good bushes and their size. When growing a leaf culture, the seedling method is also better because it can increase the yield of greens.This method allows you to increase the growing season of plants, which accounts for the yield of the crop.

It is advisable to sow the seeds in open ground in late March or early April. Preferably the seeds are placed in a light soil mixture. You can cook it yourself or buy it in a specialty store.

In order to make the soil you need to use mulch, humus, rotted soil from compost. If you mix everything in equal proportions, you get a good foundation. You can also use peat, a little sand.

In order to speed up the growth of seedlings, seeds before planting in open ground, it is desirable to process special growth promoters. After processing, you can soak the seeds in water, so that they soften and gradually "activated".

For planting, you can use small tanks that can be moved from place to place. Seeds are planted in boxes, sprinkling peat bushes with peat so that you can do without picking. This treatment is suitable for celery leaf, because in the end you need to get thick greens. It will be enough to periodically thin out the emerged shoots to give more space to each seedling for normal nutrition.

Before the appearance of the first shoots after sowing seeds, it is desirable to cover the ground with plastic wrap so that the soil warms up better and excess moisture does not get there. If you carry out the care properly, and follow the recommendations for the preparation, the seedlings may appear after a week and a half. After that, you will need to remove the plastic film and put the boxes in the most bright and warm place.

The optimum temperature will be 14-16 degrees. This care will strengthen the root system, which is very important for young seedlings and will not allow the seedlings to stretch.

The main component for the successful cultivation of leaflets of celery is regular watering, good lighting, as the plant loves sunshine. You will also need to periodically loosen the soil so that water and air better penetrate to the root system. When a pair of leaflets appears on the seedlings, it can be thinned out.

Then, after warming, in the middle of spring it will be possible to begin transplanting seedlings. Between rows it is desirable to maintain a distance of about 25 centimeters, and between the plants themselves 20 centimeters. In a month, the greens will get stronger and become fluffy and start interfering with each other. Since celery is well resistant to cold, they are not afraid of frosts.

For proper care, it is desirable to ensure regular watering. It is desirable after each watering slightly loosen the soil, as it often nails. And it is advisable to water the seedlings well after each time you cut the young greens. Such care will allow you to better recuperate and grow back.

In order to provide good care for the plant, it must be grown in a sunny place. The sun's rays accelerate the growth process, as well as affect the juiciness of the vegetable and its flavor.

Fertilizers can also be used for maintenance. It will be required during the season to make two dressings. The first will be three weeks after the first shoots. For proper care, organic fertilizers are used - bird droppings, diluted mullein solution, as well as wood ash and rotted leaves. The second feeding is applied to the soil after another three weeks. In addition to organics, you can use complex mineral fertilizers that facilitate and accelerate the process of growing leaf celery.

Growing greens will allow to cut the crop within a month and a half after the appearance of the first shoots. If you provide proper care for celery leaf, you can cut the greens 3-4 times per season. If cultivation began with seedlings, then it will be possible to make 4 slices.

In celery, stretched by 25-30 cm, thick green stems have a specific bitter taste.When the access to light of the petioles is limited, they lose the extra essential oils, the vegetable will acquire a more tender, pleasant taste and become white.

Diseases and pests

Caring for celery is quite simple, but it should be remembered that problems may arise at the site due to pests or diseases. Always pay attention to what the foliage looks like. If it looks faded or has begun to wilt, then it is better to carefully examine the plant in search of the characteristic signs of disease.

Special problems and difficulties in the proper cultivation of celery does not arise. The larvae of carrot flies, slugs, shovels, and snails can harm it. They can contribute to the development of diseases such as different types of rot, viral mosaic, black leg. In order to protect plants from these misfortunes, it is important to conduct watering on time, remove weeds, thin out plants. Planting celery among other vegetables and greens gives excellent results.

That's all the nuances of how to grow celery in their summer cottage. Knowing the agrotechnology and applying it correctly, any gardener can get an excellent harvest of this fragrant and healthy spicy greens.

Video "Root Celery"

Features of planting and cultivation of root celery, see in the video.

Planting and care

For planting celery leaf, you can use seeds. Landing is almost always done in open ground. As soon as the soil warms up to 10 degrees, it will be possible to start planting.

Depending on the region, warming occurs at different times. Accordingly, in some places, planting of vegetables in the open field may begin in April, and somewhere in late May.

Since the cultivation of leaf celery passes through the seeds very slowly, it will not work to obtain uniform seedlings. In this regard, you can use ready-made seedlings. Usually it is purchased in the markets, as you can choose the good bushes and their size. When growing a leaf culture, the seedling method is also better because it can increase the yield of greens. This method allows you to increase the growing season of plants, which accounts for the yield of the crop.

It is advisable to sow the seeds in open ground in late March or early April. Preferably the seeds are placed in a light soil mixture. You can cook it yourself or buy it in a specialty store.

In order to make the soil you need to use mulch, humus, rotted soil from compost. If you mix everything in equal proportions, you get a good foundation. You can also use peat, a little sand.

In order to speed up the growth of seedlings, seeds before planting in open ground, it is desirable to process special growth promoters. After processing, you can soak the seeds in water, so that they soften and gradually "activated".

For planting, you can use small tanks that can be moved from place to place. Seeds are planted in boxes, sprinkling peat bushes with peat so that you can do without picking. This treatment is suitable for celery leaf, because in the end you need to get thick greens. It will be enough to periodically thin out the emerged shoots to give more space to each seedling for normal nutrition.

Before the appearance of the first shoots after sowing seeds, it is desirable to cover the ground with plastic wrap so that the soil warms up better and excess moisture does not get there. If you carry out the care properly, and follow the recommendations for the preparation, the seedlings may appear after a week and a half. After that, you will need to remove the plastic film and put the boxes in the most bright and warm place.

The optimum temperature will be 14-16 degrees. This care will strengthen the root system, which is very important for young seedlings and will not allow the seedlings to stretch.

The main component for the successful cultivation of leaflets of celery is regular watering, good lighting, as the plant loves sunshine. You will also need to periodically loosen the soil so that water and air better penetrate to the root system. When a pair of leaflets appears on the seedlings, it can be thinned out.

Then, after warming, in the middle of spring it will be possible to begin transplanting seedlings. Between rows it is desirable to maintain a distance of about 25 centimeters, and between the plants themselves 20 centimeters. In a month, the greens will get stronger and become fluffy and start interfering with each other. Since celery is well resistant to cold, they are not afraid of frosts.

For proper care, it is desirable to ensure regular watering. It is desirable after each watering slightly loosen the soil, as it often nails. And it is advisable to water the seedlings well after each time you cut the young greens. Such care will allow you to better recuperate and grow back.

In order to provide good care for the plant, it must be grown in a sunny place. The sun's rays accelerate the growth process, as well as affect the juiciness of the vegetable and its flavor.

Fertilizers can also be used for maintenance. It will be required during the season to make two dressings. The first will be three weeks after the first shoots. For proper care, organic fertilizers are used - bird droppings, diluted mullein solution, as well as wood ash and rotted leaves. The second feeding is applied to the soil after another three weeks. In addition to organics, you can use complex mineral fertilizers that facilitate and accelerate the process of growing leaf celery.

Growing greens will allow to cut the crop within a month and a half after the appearance of the first shoots. If you provide proper care for celery leaf, you can cut the greens 3-4 times per season. If cultivation began with seedlings, then it will be possible to make 4 slices.

In celery, stretched by 25-30 cm, thick green stems have a specific bitter taste. When the access to light of the petioles is limited, they lose the extra essential oils, the vegetable will acquire a more tender, pleasant taste and become white.

Diseases and pests

Caring for celery is quite simple, but it should be remembered that problems may arise at the site due to pests or diseases. Always pay attention to what the foliage looks like. If it looks faded or has begun to wilt, then it is better to carefully examine the plant in search of the characteristic signs of disease.

Special problems and difficulties in the proper cultivation of celery does not arise. The larvae of carrot flies, slugs, shovels, and snails can harm it. They can contribute to the development of diseases such as different types of rot, viral mosaic, black leg. In order to protect plants from these misfortunes, it is important to conduct watering on time, remove weeds, thin out plants. Planting celery among other vegetables and greens gives excellent results.

That's all the nuances of how to grow celery in their summer cottage. Knowing the agrotechnology and applying it correctly, any gardener can get an excellent harvest of this fragrant and healthy spicy greens.

Video "Root Celery"

Everything about growing celery root is described in the video.

Celery leaf - the cultivation of this plant does not take a lot of time and effort, care for him is not so difficult, and the benefits are very substantial. The plant contains many minerals and vitamins. Celery is a good antioxidant, so it is recommended for use by people with impaired metabolism, as well as hypertensives.

In addition to the leaf type of this plant, there are also root and stalked. However, for the preparation of salads most suitable fresh celery leaf.It is this variety that is rich in essential oils, and it is often grown thanks to its lush, pleasantly scented greenery.

Before you plant this plant in your country, you need to know some of the features, namely:

  • the seeds of this culture are very small
  • when grown from celery seed leaf shows not a very large percentage of germination.

Due to the insignificant percentage of germination, the purchase of seeds should be approached very carefully. It is recommended to buy seeds of this plant only in specialized stores. It is desirable that they were packaged by the firm, which already had a favorable impression. Otherwise, it may happen that the purchased seeds do not grow, and there will be no time for re-planting.

Before planting it is worth checking the expiration date of the seeds. If it has already expired, the germination rate will drop significantly, despite the proper care provided.

Technology and features of leafing celery

Celery can be planted in two ways.

  1. Seed plant is sown directly in the ground. In this case, do not expect large volumes of the crop.
  2. Seedling method. It should be disassembled in more detail.

With the seedling method, seed planting begins from the end of March. Around this period, it is necessary to soak the seeds at home for a couple of days in water. After that, they should be dried, then mixed with sand and start sowing. To plant seeds initially is best in peat cubes. The first shoots should be expected in about 15-20 days. At this time, it is desirable that the air temperature in the room is maintained at 25 degrees Celsius.

When the celery appears 2-3 true leaves, plants can be transplanted into a film greenhouse. Planting seedlings should be at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other. At this time, seedlings need to be watered at room temperature.

Many gardeners are interested in when you can plant celery in the ground. As with the first, and the second method of planting celery planted in open ground in mid-May. At this time, the soil warms up to about 12-15 degrees Celsius. The optimum air temperature for planting celery in open ground is about 20-25 degrees Celsius.

For planting, it is best to purchase seeds that have a different ripening period. In this case, throughout the season it will be possible to cut the fresh green celery.

How to prepare the ground for planting

To obtain a rich harvest of leaf celery, you need to worry in advance about the quality of the soil where the plant is supposed to be planted. Land for celery planting will be right to choose from the fall. At this time, it should dig up to a depth of half a meter and saturate with humus. The best precursors of this plant are cucumber, potatoes and cabbage.

In the spring, before planting celery, the bed should be dug up again, while you can add fertilizer to the soil. For this plant are favorable loose, well-drained and fertile soil, retaining moisture. It is desirable that the acidity of the soil was neutral. If the soil in which the celery is supposed to be planted is acidic, then lime should be added to it before planting.

The beds where this crop will be planted are best placed in sunny, open places. However, in the shade the plant also feels good. It is not necessary to plant this crop next to the parsnip, because in this case there is a risk that both plants will suffer from the celery fly.

Celery Leaf Care

This is an extremely moisture-loving culture, so it needs to provide abundant and regular watering. You can use up to 5 liters of water per 1 square meter. You should also regularly weed and loosen the soil around the plants.

As the culture grows in the open field, it is necessary to thin out the planting. It is necessary to remove the weakest shoots.After the thinning procedure, the distance between the plants should be about 15-20 cm.

During one season, the plants must be fed 2 times. The first time feeding should be carried out after 2 weeks from planting in open ground, and the second time - after 3 weeks from planting. It is necessary to feed this plant with potassium and nitrogen in equal proportions.

It is also necessary to produce timely measures aimed at protecting the plant from diseases and pests. Most often, this culture is affected by diseases that are caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses. Moreover, if it is intended to use fresh celery leaves, it is not recommended to use chemical preparations to protect it.

Of the diseases of this culture is often found leaf spot: they begin to appear brownish-yellow spots. The affected areas of the plant darken and become covered with bloom. Such a disease is transmitted with seeds, and because of this, they are recommended to be treated in a formalin solution before planting. For dressing, it is recommended to place the seeds for half an hour in a warm formalin solution, and then hold it under sacking for 3 hours at room temperature.

Celery leaf celery propagates only with the help of seeds.

Popular celery leaf varieties

We list the most successful and new varieties.

It is a variety of Georgian breeding, it grows well when grown from seed. The first green can be cut already after 65 days after the appearance of small shoots. In the summer, cutting of the growing greens can be done more than once. The plant has an erect rosette, fragrant leaves and stems of a dark green color. This variety is resistant to low temperatures and dry weather. The leaves of the variety "Kartuli" are good both in dried and in fresh form. Variety does not require special care.

The peculiarity of this variety is curly green. It is possible to cut it already 75 days after the first shoots. Care of the culture of this variety is simple. The plant forms medium-sized leaves with corrugated edges. This variety has a strong aroma and excellent taste. It is widely used in cooking, and is used both in fresh and in dried form.

This is a variety of medium ripeness. Gives a good harvest when grown from seeds in the soil. The leaves are of medium length. The culture of this variety has many side shoots. Greens are very fragrant, dark green.

Celery of this variety is characterized by high growth. His leaves are shiny, strongly cut. This variety does not require complex care and is not afraid of low temperatures. Resistant to dry weather. Greens can be cut from him more than once per season. When this celery variety is dried, it spreads a pleasant aroma around the room.

The first harvest of this variety can be harvested after 105 days after planting seeds. The harvest is richer than that of other leaf varieties. New greens after trimming the old appears fairly quickly. Forms gentle leaves that have a persistent and pleasant aroma. This variety of leaf celery is very fond of fresh use.

Although the planting and cultivation of celery require knowledge of certain nuances, the efforts expended are fully justified. If you carry out the right care of the plant, you can get a good harvest of fresh celery. Celery leaf can be used to prepare a variety of dishes. For example, add to soups or salads.

Unfortunately, in the gardens of our country, this plant did not find such popularity as dill. However, new cultivated celery varieties attract with their characteristics gardeners, and recently this plant is found in gardens and cottages more and more often.

Celery (Apium) is a herbaceous rhizomatous plant of the umbrella or celery family. Taproot, leaf-plate pinnate.Flowers are small, gather in simple or complex umbrella inflorescences. The plant is biennial: in the first year it is grown to produce herbs and root crops, in the second year it gives seeds.

Propagated seed culture. They germinate and develop for a long time, therefore, to obtain a good harvest, it is advisable to grow seedlings. The peculiarity is that in seeds that have lain for 3-4 years, germination is better.

Celery was cultivated in ancient Greece, but was widely distributed relatively recently.

Ground and lighting

Common to all types of celery are the requirements for soil and lighting:

  • Celery grows well on fertile, loose soils of neutral or weakly acid reaction.
  • The lighting is preferably bright. Perhaps slightly shading: the leaves will be more fragrant.

Good neighbors in the area will be tomatoes, bush beans, leeks. By planting next to the cabbage, you will save it from the attack of earthen flea and cabbage whitefish.

Consider the characteristics of cultivation for each variety of celery.

Sowing stalked and leaf celery in the ground

Seeds of leaf celery can be sown in open ground in early spring with the possibility of entering the site (March-April) or before winter in late autumn, in late October.

  • Furrows stuffed through 20-25 cm, very shallow, so that the seeding depth was 1-2 cm.
  • It is necessary to sow as little as possible, because it is very difficult to break through the densely sown celery.
  • Break through the shoots in three stages: first leaving 5-7 cm, then - 10-15, in the end - 20-25 cm.

The culture loves water, it is necessary to water it plentifully at least once a week.

Growing stalked and leaf celery through seedlings

Celery stalked seedling seedling photos

To start sowing seeds of stalked and leafed celery for seedlings at home, proceed in early March. The seed should be pretreated: hold in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several minutes, rinse well, then place in a damp cloth in a solution of growth stimulator for a day. When the seeds swell well, they can be sown.

  • Fill the crates with a mixture of peat, sand, leafy ground and humus in equal proportions.
  • Spread the seeds over the surface at a distance of 1-2 cm, helping yourself with a toothpick, sprinkle a little earth (layer about 0.5 cm).
  • Spray from the pulveler, cover the crops with film, maintain the air temperature within 18-20 ° C.
  • When using quality seeds with pre-treatment, seedlings will appear 5-6 days after sowing.

Celery seedlings need to dive photo

  • When the first sprouts appear, remove the shelter, lower the air temperature to 14-15 ° C.
  • In order for the seedlings not to stretch, not only coolness is required, but also bright diffused lighting (arrange additional lighting if there is no southern window in the apartment).
  • Maintain moderate soil moisture.

Celery leaf seedlings ready for planting

  • With the advent of 2 true leaves, dive the seedlings - pinching the main root contributes to the further successful development of the root system.
  • A week before planting, quench the seedlings: take them out to the open air during the daytime.

When and how to plant sprouted and leaf celery seedlings in the ground

How to plant seedlings of stalked and leaf celery in the ground photo

  • In the open ground seedlings of stalked and leaf celery transplant in late April-early May.
  • When planting, use the scheme 25x25.
  • The root neck is not deepened.

How to care for leaf celery

In the care of the plant unpretentious. It is necessary to carry out standard procedures: regularly water, loosen between the rows, remove weeds. Soil mulching will cut work in half. Humidity will last longer, this will prevent the appearance of earth crusts, weeds worry less. Spud the bushes.

Regularly harvest celery leaf celery.After each cut celery leaf it needs to be watered abundantly, combining watering with dressing. Predominantly organic fertilizers are used: fermented grass, fermented manure or chicken manure.

Peculiarities of care for stalked celery in open ground

The cultivation of stalked celery is carried out by analogy with the leaf. Nuances: seedlings planted in the grooves 10 cm deep, the apical part can not be sprinkled with earth.

The plant needs intensive hilling. This measure is necessary for whitening petioles, which have a more delicate taste without bitterness. Also a couple of weeks before harvesting, tie the leaves at the top, wrap the stalks with paper to bleach. Harvesting is carried out before the start of frost.

How to dive root celery, look at the video:

The grown seedlings of root celery are rolled over again into more spacious pots, when the plants become crowded, and are grown before planting in the ground in May, when the threat of frost has passed.

Seedlings of root celery ready for planting photos

How to care for root celery in the open field

  • When growing celery during the summer, the leaves should not be cut: by the middle of August, organic substances accumulated in the leaf plates are transferred to the roots.
  • The top of the celery root sticks out of the soil - this is normal, so avoid the temptation to spud the plant. This is contraindicated, since the active formation of lateral shoots will begin, and the main root will be defective.
  • During the period June-October, keep the soil constantly slightly moist.
  • A couple of weeks before digging up the roots, remove the lower leaves and side shoots, partially rake the ground.
  • Root crops are harvested around the end of October.

Types and celery varieties

In the natural environment there are about 20 species of celery. Culturally grown Celery fragrant.

There are three types of celery:

  1. Sheet - is cultivated to obtain leaves that can be cut the entire season (from spring to late autumn).

Popular varieties of leaf celery: Zakhar, Cheerfulness, Gentle, Kartuli.

  1. Petiolate - the purpose of cultivation are juicy petioles. The harvest comes at the end of the summer.

Grades: Malachite, Golden, Junga, White Feather.

  1. Root - grown to produce large root crops weighing 400-800 g. They are harvested in the fall.

Root celery varieties: Diamant, Maxim, Esaul, Gribovsky.

When choosing a variety, pay attention to the ripening dates: early, medium, late. They also differ in taste. The information is indicated on the seed packaging.

Features of leaf varieties

Surely you already know that celery is:

  • root (eaten tubers),
  • cuttings (cuttings are used as food - the ground part, the trunk between the root and the foliage),
  • leafy (leaves are used as food - they go to salads, soups, dry in winter as a seasoning for hot dishes).

Use of celery leaf for food

The most popular varieties in Russia:

Seeds of leaf celery "Athena"

Seeds of leaf celery "Zakhar"

They feel well in the Russian climatic conditions.

IMPORTANT. Also do not ignore any new items that appear in specialized stores. Breeding is carried out continuously, because the demand for celery is very large.

The advantages of leaf celery

Professional agronomists and amateur gardeners unanimously recognize:

  • leaf celery is the most unpretentious compared to the tuberous and petiole varieties,
  • the plant tolerates frost relatively easily,
  • it has a high germination rate when sown directly in the ground (material losses are minimal),
  • if the landing is done correctly, then further care does not cause any particular hassle,
  • in the soil of medium fertility, the yield is quite high (rarely when cuttings grow frail - almost always they are juicy and benign, fit for human consumption).

Leaf celery unpretentious enough

Weak spots

Unfortunately, growing directly from seeds (directly into the ground) requires agrotechnical experience. Therefore:

  • beginners are encouraged to learn how to prepare seedlings
  • this path will help avoid weak growth and development,
  • will provide an opportunity to get acquainted with the plant - its requirements, reactions to light, humidity and temperature.

Seed preparation

What to do with the seeds:

  • collect pure snow and make it melt water,

Cooking melt water

  • bring to room temperature
  • soak the seeds in this water,

IMPORTANT. Alternate clean melt water with a weak solution of potassium permanganate - in this way you will get rid of inhibitors that prevent seed germination.

Germinated Celery Seeds

  • update water every hour
  • soak to produce within 10-12 hours, maximum 1 day,
  • shift the soaked seeds on a thick gauze substrate, pre-moistened with water,
  • leave for another day so that the seeds finally “wake up”.

Special soil

You need to put the seeds in the soil, specially prepared in advance:

  • ideal composition - a mixture of sand, humus, garden soil and peat,
  • all ingredients take equal parts
  • mix thoroughly until smooth.

Peat ground for growing leaf celery seedlings

IMPORTANT. If you do not want to understand the intricacies, in specialized stores sold land, which is suitable in ready-made form (consult the seller).

Planting seedlings

The optimal time for sowing seeds for seedlings - the beginning or middle of March. At a later date, there is a risk that the seedlings will not gain enough strength before transplanting into open ground.

  • in no case should the seeds be placed to a depth - just lightly press them against the soil (because they germinate only in the light),
  • seeds placed and lightly sprinkled with earth need the greenhouse effect,
  • cover the container with a piece of glass cloth or polyethylene film,

Creating a greenhouse effect for celery

  • inside the "greenhouse" should be a temperature plus 19-24 degrees,

IMPORTANT. If done correctly, shoots will begin to appear in 12-15 days.

  • when shoots appear, the growth temperature should be lowered to plus 15-16 degrees,
  • keep the greenhouse effect a couple more weeks
  • during this time there should be 2-3 leaves,

Sprouted celery seedlings

  • now glass or polyethylene can be removed,
  • At this stage, every plant should dive
  • further, thin out and spread more freely (so that there is a distance of 5 cm between the plants),

Thinned celery seedlings

IMPORTANT. Laborious gardeners are recommended to plant bushes in separate pots (for example - peat, which can be left inside the soil).

  • seedlings in separate tanks receive an additional margin of safety. In the future, they will grow powerful plants with dense juicy leaves,
  • water moderately, without overfilling the ground.

Timing and temperature

General recommendations for full seedlings:

  • time of transplanting in open ground - mid-May,
  • in the cold year, the term moves a little later (catch the moment when the frost is over, the temperature should not fall below 9-10 degrees above zero),

IMPORTANT. The ideal temperature outside from +18 to +21 degrees. If it is cold outside, the plant will go not to fluffy greens, but to an abundance of peduncles.

  • before planting in the ground take out the seedlings to the open air so that they adapt in natural conditions for several days (adaptation period is about 3-4 days).

Adaptation of seedlings before planting in the ground

Ground Requirements

The plantation must be “fresh” (it needs to be renewed with a healthy, fertile soil):

  • do not plant seedlings in the soil where dill, parsley, carrots or parsnips were previously grown,
  • It is advisable to prepare the soil in advance (as early as the previous fall) - dig up from the site, add humus and compost, fertilize with superphosphate at the rate of 25 g per 1 square meter. m).

IMPORTANT. At the bottom of each hole to put a little clay and mullein - this will protect the quick maintenance of irrigation moisture and at the same time give a good nutritional impulse.

Accommodation in celery ground

IMPORTANT. The ideal time for planting is in the morning, on an overcast day. So the plant will escape stress.

Of great importance is the distance:

  • foliage should not be confused,
  • there must be sufficient ventilation between the bushes so that after the rains various parasites (aphids, caterpillars, spiders) do not start in the greenery,
  • optimal distance of plants relative to each other - 10 cm or slightly more,
  • between rows leave 30-40 cm,

The optimal distance between rows of 30-40 cm

  • there is also a theory that the optimal landing pattern is 20x20 cm - experiment,

  • the depth of each hole is such that the root system fits completely and there is still a reserve of about 3 cm,
  • put the seedling root or seedling together with the peat pot to the bottom of the hole (if you used this container at the stage of growing seedlings),
  • top of the hole covered with earth, rammed,
  • good plant protection means - surround it with a vertical winding of paper or foil. Especially if the foliage will grow luxuriantly and densely.

Celery Leaf Protection

IMPORTANT. With the help of the winding you will help the plant to gain strength for vertical growth so that the bushes do not disintegrate on the ground. Subsequently, shortly before cutting the foliage, the winding can be removed.

Care when growing

Under the care should be understood measures aimed at improving the growth and protection of plants from damaging factors - bad weather and pests. What actions need to be made:

  • water carefully. Do not allow drying on the top of the ground to crust,

IMPORTANT. It is better to water a little every day than occasionally in large portions.

  • the frequency of feeding depends on local conditions, depending on the fertility of the land. On average, two times is enough (the first time after 2 weeks from landing in the ground, the second time after another 1 month),
  • Prepare the fertilizer mixture from 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 45 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium salt (all ingredients are given in 10 liters of water),
  • for the entire period of cultivation, you can also fertilize the soil once with chicken or pigeon droppings (note that clean litter must be diluted in a ratio of at least 1 part to 50 parts of water, otherwise the plant will “burn”),

For the entire period of cultivation celery 1 time to fertilize chicken manure

  • Be sure to protect the plants from slugs. For this purpose, special substances are sold in gardening and dacha shops.

IMPORTANT. After any fertilizer, pour the plants with water from a watering can or hose with a divider so that nothing remains on the foliage.

  • when growing without “winding”, systematically remove excess greens (cut with a clean, sharp knife),
  • unlike root varieties, too often it is not necessary to loosen leafy ones (an optimum ratio of density and humidity of the earth is established inside),
  • harvest time - the end of summer (determined visually when the foliage did not begin to grow coarse).

By showing patience, even a novice can grow a rich harvest of leaf celery. This unique plant will protect against atherosclerosis, diabetes, nervous disorders, rheumatism. Strengthen immunity, normalizes blood pressure and metabolic processes in the body. Agrotechnics has difficulties, but they are easy to overcome with experience after 1-2 years of independent cultivation of this crop.

Celery: plant description

Celery is an aromatic herb of the umbrella family. There are three types:

In the first two, the root system does not form a root, therefore, only tops are used in food - petioles and leaves. Leaf celery does not increase such succulent fleshy stems, like petiolate, but no less valuable.Unlike the counterparts, the tops and the roots go to the root celery, but the main value is the root crop. Celery leaves have all the power in the leaves.

Open celery leaves look like parsley, but their flavor is completely different. Leaf and petiolate varieties can be grown as biennial crops. If you cut the greens in the fall without removing the roots, then the next spring the plants will delight the owners with large, powerful bushes. Celery blooms and forms seeds also in the 2nd year.

The seeds sprout for quite a long time, so they grow the crop through seedlings. Seed germination improves over the years - seeds that have been sown 3 years after harvest will grow better than last year.

In Russia since ancient times it was believed that celery brings happiness to the house. Therefore, dried plants are often hung in rooms next to onions and garlic. In ancient Greece, celery revered no less - from it made wreaths for the winners in various competitions and decorated the tombs.

Using

In cooking, celery is used not only fresh, adding to salads. All parts of the plant are suitable and as components of meat and vegetable dishes, and as an independent side dish.

In stewed and fried form, some vitamins and nutrients are lost, however the value of such dishes remains high.

Celery leaves will not only add exquisite taste, but also decorate the dish

In the dietary diet they use juice from all parts of celery, but many do not like its peculiar taste. In such cases, you can add it to any other juice. Dried leaves and roots are used as a spicy flavor additive to various dishes.

Sowing seeds for seedlings

Celery seeds germinate for a long time, and the plant itself develops slowly. Even in early ripening varieties, the cut-off period is, at best, 2.5 months after germination. To reduce the time of cultivation in the open field (or for early harvest), celery is grown through seedlings. The best time for sowing seeds is the end of February or the beginning of March.

Subtleties of sowing

Celery seeds can be sown for seedlings in any plastic containers. It is important not to forget to make drainage holes in the bottom of the tank so that the excess water does not accumulate and does not turn sour.

Step by step sowing process:

  1. Fill the container with prepared soil.
  2. Seeds mixed with sand, sow in rows at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other.
  3. Sprinkle them with a thin layer of soil and spray with water from a spray bottle.
  4. Cover the container with a plastic bag and place in a warm, bright place.

After 2-3 weeks, the first shoots will appear, and the package can be removed. So that the seedlings do not stretch, it is rearranged to a cooler place (with a temperature not higher than 18–20 o C). Growing plants should be sprayed on time, preventing the soil from drying out. After emergence of shoots containers rearranged to a bright cool place.

Seedling care

With the advent of two true leaves, celery seedlings can be sipped in separate pots. For these purposes, suitable plastic disposable cups or special cartridges for seedlings with a capacity of 150-200 mg. Before picking the seedlings must be watered so as not to injure the roots of the plants.

  1. Fill the prepared containers with soil and compact it slightly.
  2. Using a stick or a pencil, make a depression in the center of the cup.
  3. Celery seedling to pick up with a stick, gently pull out and transfer to a separate glass.
  4. The root is lowered into the hole and the earth is compressed around it.
  5. Water the seedlings and, if necessary, add soil, without deepening the sprout. When picking, the celery rosette growth point should remain above the ground

Dropped out seedlings need to be put in a bright cool place. Watering the seedlings should be regularly, but very carefully, so that the water flow does not damage the tender growth.An ordinary medical syringe is best suited for this.

Rooted seedlings need to be fed. This usually occurs 7–10 days after the pick. You can use an aqueous solution of nitroammofoski, but the concentration should be 2 times weaker than for adult plants. Therefore, for 1 bucket of water will be enough 0.5 st. l fertilizer. Feed the seedlings can only be in the morning and on wet soil. If the soil in the tanks is overdried, preliminary watering is necessary.

Before planting seedlings in the ground it is necessary to harden the plants for 2 weeks. To begin with, containers are taken out to the garden (or to the balcony) for 15–20 minutes. This should be done in the morning or evening hours so that the delicate leaves do not fall under the scorching sun. Every day, increase the time of exercise in such a way that by the time of planting the seedlings could be on the air all day. Grown up hardened seedlings can be planted in open ground

Planting seedlings in the ground

Celery seedlings can be planted in open ground after relatively warm weather has been established. In most parts of our country, the best time for a transplant is mid-May. The bed should be in an open, sunny place. 2 weeks before planting, 250 g of dolomite flour and 40 g of nitroammophoska per (1 m 2) are added to the soil and dug over. In the absence of rain, the bed must be watered so that the fertilizer is dissolved.

The holes are dug at a distance of 35 cm from each other, 40 cm is left between the rows. Seedlings are planted, squeezing the ground around the seedlings, watered and mulch the soil. It is very important not to dig the plants. The point of growth (the center of the socket) must be above the ground, otherwise the young leaves will not be able to break through to the light, and the plant will die. To plant celery seedlings on the garden bed is better in cloudy weather or in the evening

There are no plants in our gardens that could inhibit celery or have a negative effect on it. Onions, beans, cabbage, or tomatoes planted nearby can improve its growth, and celery, in turn, will scare away the strong aroma of some harmful insects that bother their neighbors. Undesirable predecessors - carrots and beets.

Caring for celery outdoors

Caring for celery after planting seedlings on the beds is simple. If the plants are not mulched, regular weeding and loosening between the rows are necessary. A layer of mulch 5–7 cm thick eliminates unnecessary work and reduces irrigation. Celery tolerates a short-term lack of moisture, but for good water growth should be enough. Celery mulching will visibly ease plant care.

For increasing the green mass of plants need fertilizer, especially when grown on poor soil. The first fertilization can be carried out 2 weeks after transplanting. The main rule remains the same - to conduct dressing only on wet ground.

Fertilizer application:

  1. 2 weeks after disembarkation - 40 g of nitrophoska diluted in a bucket of water and pour between the rows.
  2. 2 weeks after the application of mineral fertilizers, fertilizing with organic matter - dissolve the infusion of mullein with water in a ratio of 1:10.
  3. In a month - a complete mineral complex fertilizer (for example, Kemira Hydro - 10 g per 10 l of water).

In the future, for dressing it is better to use only organic. In order not to fall on the leaves, an infusion of chicken dung, mullein or green (grass) fertilizer is applied in the aisle. This should be done no more than once every 2 weeks on poor soils and once a month on fertile soils.

Celery - cultivation and care in the open ground of root, stalked and leaf celery, video

This vitamin green has long been known and loved by gardeners for its excellent taste and healing properties. Growing celery and caring for it in the open ground will not be difficult even for beginners, if you follow the simple rules of farming.But in return you can get tops, and roots, and even petioles! True, this will have to plant celery of all three species.

Celery - landing and care. Celery Types

The newcomer from the Mediterranean, celery fragrant, today firmly settled on our beds, won a place for itself thanks to a specific pleasant aroma as well as its excellent taste and medicinal qualities.

Celery firmly settled on our beds

Celery is a biennial vegetable plant that in the first year of cultivation forms an outlet of glossy dark green leaves, sometimes fleshy petioles and, depending on the variety, a root crop or root.

In the second year after sowing, celery leaves grow already in early spring, a straight stalk is formed, the height of which, depending on the variety, is 30-100 cm, and an umbrella inflorescence. Celery blooms by mid-July, and its seeds ripen in early August. Almost immediately after this the plant dies.

Late celery leaf and stalked celery as well as celery root are grown only by seedling, the early maturing of the first two species can be sown directly on the beds.
Celery can be grown seedlings or immediately sown in the ground. Celery sowing in the ground should be made as soon as possible, but not before April 20. Before the seeds need to soak for a day in water at room temperature, this will greatly accelerate their germination, then sow to a depth of about 0.5-1 cm in the prepared holes (grooves). Root celery is sown on seedlings in early March, shoots appear about a month later. Celery is best sown in containers filled with a light soil mixture consisting of 3 parts of peat, 1 part of humus, soddy earth and sand. For every 10 kg of this mixture, add 20 grams of urea and a glass of wood ash.

To get more friendly and strong shoots, celery seeds must be stratified: put them in wet gauze, stand at room temperature for about 6-7 days, and put them in the fridge for 12-14 days (on the lowest shelf). Only after carrying out all the above procedures, the seeds are sown.

To get a friendly and strong seedlings, celery seeds stratify Immediately before sowing the soil should be watered. When moisture is absorbed, scatter celery seeds (past the stratification we close up to a depth of 0.5 cm, leave the seeds without pre-sowing treatment on the surface without covering them with earth) and, covering the container with film on top, leave at room temperature. Before the emergence of shoots, as the soil dries, it must be moistened with warm, pre-settled water from the sprayer. About two weeks after sowing seeds, soil should be sprayed with Trichodermine (10 mg / m2).

Immediately after the emergence of celery shoots, it is necessary to reduce the temperature in the room with transplanting containers to the level of +13 ° C ... + 16 ° C.

With the advent of the first true leaflet, seedlings of root celery are diving, and 14 days before planting in the soil they are hardened.

Dive seedlings need to be careful not to damage the taproot of the plant, otherwise the root crop will grow ugly and small. Seedlings of root celery are planted at a permanent place by the end of May.

Root seedlings of root celery are planted on a permanent place by the end of May. Celery seedlings can be grown without picking, but in this case it will grow weaker and will get worse on transplantation. If you do not have the ability to grow celery seedlings, you can buy it, but remember: good planting material is plants that are 13-15 cm tall, with a strong root system and four or five leaves. Celery prefers rich in humus light sandy neutral soil and open sunny places, and any vegetable crops can be its predecessors.Even in autumn, the area intended for planting celery, you must make humus. Celery is planted in open ground starting from the second decade of May, planting according to the scheme 20 × 20 cm in rows or between the beds of onion, garlic, potatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, and so on. Vegetables such an neighborhood will only benefit, because the strong smell of celery frightens off many pests.
The strong smell of celery frightens off many pests. During planting, a handful of humus and ash should be poured into each well, and the celery seedlings themselves should be buried down to the seedbed knee. Immediately after transplantation, celery seedlings are watered thoroughly, the soil is once again treated using Trichodermin (10 mg / m2), and they are drained with moist paper for a day. Celery care consists of weeding, timely watering, loosening and dressing. So, in order to prevent the evaporation of moisture and provide the roots of the plant with more oxygen, immediately after planting the celery, the soil around it must be mulched with peat, sawdust, or simply mowed grass.
The soil around the celery must be mulched.

Approximately one and a half weeks after planting, celery is fed with complex mineral fertilizer, for which 2 grams of nitrophosca is diluted in 1 liter of water. Repeat this feeding again - after two weeks. If celery leaves become pale, then the plant must be fed with urea, diluting 0.5 g of powder in 1 liter of water.

When growing celery of different varieties, the care of plants should also be different. In addition to a number of the above agrotechnical measures, three weeks before the plants are harvested with celery celery, high hilling is necessary. This will help whiten the petioles, reduce the number of sharply smelling essential oils in them and also eliminate the bitterness.

When growing celery of different varieties, caring for plants should also be different. Caring for celery root should also include several specific techniques. So, in order to get the best quality root crop, in the middle of summer it is necessary to free its upper part from the ground, cutting off the side roots. Thanks to this simple agrotechnical reception in the fall, the plant will form the largest root crop. To enhance the growth of root celery, it is necessary to press its leaves to the ground, petioles crack during this procedure, which is only good for the plant, and does not harm the growth of the root crop at all.

All celery must be harvested in October. The stalked and root are removed completely, and the leaf can be used to distill the greenery during the winter period of time, for which the plants need to be dug out with a small lump of soil before the first frosts occur and land in small pots.

There are three types of celery: root, leaf and stalked: all of them were obtained as a result of selection from the wild-growing form, which was distinguished by a hard, thin, not edible root. Most importantly, because of what cultivated root celery - a root crop that reaches a weight of 500-900 grams. There are many varieties of root celery, but only a few of them are cultivated by gardeners:

Root celery is grown for root crops. All celery root varieties, compared to leaf and petiolate trees, differ in later ripening terms - 140-190 days, and should be grown only through seedlings. Leaf celery is cultivated to produce fortified aromatic leaves throughout the summer-autumn period, but it does not have a developed root crop.
Leaf celery is cultivated to produce fortified, aromatic leaves. One of the most popular varieties is considered to be ‘Samurai’, characterized by the attractive shape of curly leaves with jagged edges. Sort ‘Samurai’ is characterized by high taste, has a high resistance to low temperatures and drought.Petiolate celery is grown to obtain fleshy petioles, which are 4-5 cm thick. Petiolate celery, like the leaf, does not form root crops, only its leaves and petioles are eaten.
Celery celery is grown to obtain fleshy petioles. Perhaps the most popular variety (high-yielding mid-season) petiolian celery is ‘Tango’ - distinguished by its excellent taste and preserving its presentation for a long time.

And what kind of celery do you grow?

What determines the success in the cultivation of celery?

If you like to season the dishes with fresh greens, and you can’t imagine your site without green onions, dill and various types of lettuce, be sure to pay attention to such plants as leaf celery and celery. Do not be afraid of the specific aroma and spicy taste of greens, the benefits of celery are so great that you should definitely include it in your diet as a seasoning or as a side dish for main dishes.

Another question is how to grow a stalked or leafy vegetable correctly, to get plants with a rich aroma, lush foliage, resilient stems and excellent taste? For this you need to take into account some of the nuances, which will be discussed in this article.

about celery planting

The beds are recommended to be placed in places open to the sun, but in a light shade this plant feels good, and its foliage becomes more fragrant in such conditions. The most suitable temperature for a plant is about +20 degrees, in temperate climates it grows best and can even tolerate light frosts. The varieties with reddish petioles are particularly frost resistant.

For the cultivation of celery fertile soil is preferred, quite loose, drained and at the same time able to retain moisture. Acidity should be neutral, if the soil is acidic, before planting it is necessary to make lime.

Do not plant a vegetable near a parsnip, otherwise both plants may suffer from one pest - a celery fly.

Varieties

  • Leaf celery. It is cultivated to produce leaves, which are subsequently added to salads, soups, sauces. Compared to root varieties, the plant produces greater yields, cutting greens can be carried out several times per season. Leaf vegetable contains a large amount of beta-carotene. vitamin C in its petioles two times higher than in citrus. Celery has a calming effect, cleanses the body of toxins, has anti-inflammatory, diuretic and analgesic effects.
  • Celery stalk. Grown for stalks. The mass of petioles is, depending on the variety and agricultural technology, from 300g to 1 kg. This contains a lot of fiber, mineral salts and vitamins (from groups B and K, C and A). It has the largest amount of phosphorus among vegetables. It contains a lot of calcium, potassium and zinc, a small amount of magnesium and iron. The product is low in calories - only 7 kilocalories per 100 grams. We can eat it raw or boiled, fried or baked.

Leaf and petiolate species contain essential oils, giving it a characteristic aroma and taste that stimulate appetite and digestion. In cooking, they are traditionally added to soups, sauces, salads, vegetarian pastes and canned foods.

Celery is a vegetable that is difficult to grow, but because of its taste and usefulness, it is worth making an effort and settling it in your garden.

The best varieties for growing

In nature, celery is a biennial plant. In the first year, it produces a rosette of leaves and a root with numerous lateral roots that grow to a depth of 20 cm. In the second year, shoots appear, on which are seen inflorescences consisting of small yellow flowers. In vegetable gardens, to obtain marketable products, the plant is grown as an annual.

There are many varieties on the market, both petiolate and leafy.They usually vary in size, ripening or commodity properties. There are varietal and hybrid varieties of plants. For cultivation in the Russian climatic zone, such stalky varieties as Atlas, Malachite, Golden are optimal.

You can learn more about the best varieties of leaf and stalked celery in the corresponding article on our website.

Of the leaf varieties, according to reviews of gardeners, such varieties as Kartuli, Zakhar are leading. They quickly increase the green mass and have a high yield.

If you plan to grow celery at home, the choice of variety can be a decisive factor, which will determine the yield of the plant, its appearance and taste.

How to grow celery seedlings method

Just as in the cultivation of root celery, you will need to first wash and soak the seeds for three days, and then grow seedlings from them. You can immediately plant leaf and stalked plants with seeds directly in open ground, but in the initial period the plants germinate too slowly and grow, therefore it is safer to spend time growing seedlings.

Rassadny method of growing celery

Prepared seeds are usually sown on seedlings in March, using for planting boxes filled with loose soil mixture, which may include leaf soil, sand, peat and humus. Try to evenly distribute small seeds on the soil surface and sprinkle with a thin layer of peat on top.

Maintain seedlings should be at a temperature of +20 degrees, gently pouring through a fine sieve. If the seeds were fresh, and before planting you soaked them, they should come up about the fifth day after sowing. From this point on, the temperature should be lowered to +15 degrees so that the seedlings do not stretch.

With the advent of the first true leaves of the seedlings, the plants need to be transplanted into separate cups, trying not to cover the outlet from which the leaves appear. Put dive seedlings on a sunny window sill for the best development of new leaves.

With the advent of the first true leaves of the seedlings, plants need to be seated in separate cups.

Planting seedlings on the garden can be held at the end of April or in May, when frost is not expected. Pre-harden the plants, putting them in a box on the street or on the balcony for a few hours, then transplant them to the garden bed according to the scheme of 20x30 cm.

Stem and leaf - we grow according to all the rules

Prepare beds for stalked celery in autumn: dig wide furrows (40 cm each), about 30 cm deep, fill them with manure or compost and cover them with soil.

Digging trenches for planting and hilling plants in the second half of the summer is necessary for all traditional stem varieties so that the petioles are “bleached” - they acquire a white tint and a delicate taste without bitterness.

There are also self-bleaching varieties that are not necessarily planted in trenches and spud, but they are not frost resistant, and their petioles are not so tasty and crunchy.

Self-bleaching varieties can be grown on ordinary beds, they do not need to be tied up and spud

Instructions on how to grow stalked celery in open ground:

  • In the spring, before transplanting seedlings into the soil, they apply complex fertilizer with a rake. Keep in mind that the stalked variety will need a lot of nitrogen for normal growth, so one month after planting the plant will need to be supplemented with additional nitrogen.
  • When replanting young plants, make sure that the rosette with leaves remains above the ground, slightly soil the soil around the plants. As the stems grow, you will need to pour the soil into the furrows.
  • During the summer, make sure that the earth does not dry out, periodically add fertilizer and loosen the soil.
  • Once the stalks grow to 30 cm, collect them in a bundle and tie them with string, trying not to damage the stems.Wrap the whole base with dark-colored paper, and the leaves should look out from above, as if from a vase. This technique is necessary in order for the petioles to acquire a white shade and fill with juice.
  • For the winter, trench stem celery is covered with straw.

Self-bleaching varieties can be grown on ordinary beds, they do not need to be tied up and spud. To get sweeter petioles, lay a layer of straw up to 20 cm around the plants.

Differences in the cultivation of two species

Agrotechnics in the cultivation of leaf and stalked celery is the same. The only difference between the first type and the second one is that its seeds can be sown directly into the ground and after 60 days already cut the first leaves into greens. But such a method often does not justify itself due to the tight germination of the crop - young seedlings suffer weeds and the soil dries out.

In our climatic conditions, both root and leaf species are grown only from seedlings, because the seeds need sufficiently high temperatures for germination.

This is a plant with a long period of ripening. Vegetable grows best on fertile, loose, well-holding soil moisture. Both plants like well-lit areas or light penumbra.

They do not grow in soil with acid reaction.

Celery in the early stages of growth develops slowly, so you need to choose the right site for planting. The best neighbors for him are beans, peas, cucumbers, cabbage, carrots and onions. He does not like the company of potatoes and corn. The smell of the plant has a scaring effect for a number of harmful insects, such as butterflies - butterflies.

about the cultivation of stalked celery

A minimum of hassle requires a leafy appearance - growing it boils down to weeding, loosening between rows and regular watering. It is important only when planting not to forget to locate a point of growth above the ground and to constantly make sure that there is no crust on the garden (to avoid this, mulching the soil will help)

Plant care: rules for watering and feeding

Leaf and cherenkovye species have high requirements for the nutritional value of the soil, both in relation to nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium. The recommended soil pH is 6.5 - 7.5. If the rates on your site are higher, the soil should be deoxidized using liming (preferably in the fall) with the addition of magnesium or dolomite flour.

Organic fertilizers for this crop:

  • humus,
  • granulated or dried manure,
  • compost,
  • fermented grass based liquid fertilizer,
  • vermicompost (fertilizer produced by earthworms).

  • Single component. They should be used based on the results of chemical analysis of the soil. The analysis shows which nutrients (micro- and macronutrients) are missing in the soil for growing this plant.
  • Integrated. When using them, pay attention to the content of chlorine and sulfur. Celery is chlorophyll, so we use fertilizers containing chlorides. He does not like sulfur, so it is advisable to abandon sulfate fertilizers.

For good yields of leaf and leaf species, use the following care tips:

  • Shelter agrotextiles. Young seedlings are sensitive to low temperatures, so in the first period after planting it is worth covering the bed with a layer of agrotextile. To extend the fruiting culture, the same technique is used in the fall to protect the greens from the first frost.
  • Mulching. Plants respond well to mulching, which significantly limits the growth of weeds in beds, contributes to better moisture retention, and prevents overheating.
  • Weeding. Loosening the soil has a positive effect on the growth and development of bushes. The soil between the rows is treated with a cultivator, flat cutter or chopper.
  • Watering. This vegetable needs moist soil for proper development. Daily watering is required when increasing the mass of greenery, after - as needed.

Secrets of growing celery in the open field: planting and care:

Dill and parsley have long been the main green table decorations. It doesn't matter if it is festive or everyday. Celery is no less useful and tasty plant. Depending on the type of food you can eat root, stalks, leaves.

Their value in a unique set of proteins, acids, minerals, vitamins. Celery is useful for diabetes, as it normalizes metabolism. It also slows down the aging process, has a calming effect, anti-inflammatory action.

All the beneficial properties of the plant are worthy of a separate article, and this one is devoted to the cultivation and care of celery.

Plant Basics

Homeland of the plant is considered the Mediterranean. It belongs to the genus of grassy, ​​umbrella family. The best place to grow celery is wet terrain. In European countries, it spread in the eighteenth century. For a long time grown for decorative purposes.

The plant reaches a height of one meter, has a thickened root. It refers to two-year cultures. In the first year of life, a root crop and a rosette of leaves are formed. In the second year, the stem appears, then the plant blooms.

It is not afraid of frost. Even young shoots are able to resist when the air temperature drops to -5 ° C.

Growing celery seed

The growing season of a plant averages one hundred and twenty days. That is why it is grown seedling method.

Seeds of root species are planted seventy days before the moment when the seedlings need to be placed in open ground.

Seeds of leaf species can be planted fifty-five days before the date of transfer to an open area. In central Russia, the best time is the end of February - the first half of March.

Growing celery from seeds involves their preliminary preparation. Why do you need it? The fact is that the seeds contain essential oils inside. They prevent their rapid swelling and germination. Without additional treatment of seedlings will have to wait three to four weeks. There are two main ways:

  1. Seeds for a day are placed in water. After that, they are kept in a solution of potassium permanganate (1%) for forty-five minutes. They are taken out, washed with clean water, dried.
  2. Seeds are pickled in a solution of potassium permanganate (1%). Take out and washed in water. For eighteen hours, they are placed in an aqueous solution with Epin. It is prepared from 0.5 cups of water and two drops of the drug.

The treated seeds are scattered on a damp cloth. Air temperature should be + 20-22 ° С. They need to open up on their own. After that, they can be sown in a tank with a nutrient mixture, which consists of three parts of peat, one part of turf soil, one part of humus and coarse sand. A teaspoon of urea and a glass of wood ash are placed in the bucket of the mixture.

Disclosed seeds are mixed with sand and sown in wet soil. It is better to make grooves in it. The distance between them should be three to four centimeters. On top of the seeds are covered with sand, which is sifted through a sieve. Crops are covered with a transparent film or glass and placed in a warm place.

Growing at home

At home, it is possible to grow celery in two ways. The simplest option is the landing of the root. From it quickly appear the stems and leaves. How to do it?

Need a pot twenty centimeters high. You can put one or three root vegetables in it. The top should be above the ground. The soil consists of two parts of coconut fiber, one part of biohumus. It is allowed to use another mixture. The root itself can be dug up on the site or purchased from the hands. Greens will appear in two weeks.

However, after the first harvest, the root crop will become unusable. In order for celery to feed with its herbs all year round, it is worthwhile to show patience by growing it from seeds. The method is the same as described above. The first green is worth waiting for a month and a half.But it will appear throughout the year.

Watering the grass during the summer period is often and abundant. On winter days, water is needed less frequently and in smaller doses. The pot should be with a tray so that excess liquid flows into it. The water is suitable tap, but settled at room temperature for a day.

Feeding greens is necessary every three weeks. To do this, suitable tools such as "Agrolife" and "Growth".

But it is worth returning to the cultivation of celery in the open field.

Landing time in open ground

The seedling is ready for transplanting with the appearance of four or five leaves. The height of shoots should be about fifteen centimeters.

Typically, these parameters are achieved two months after the first shoots. The best time is the first half of May. It is not recommended to over-root seedlings.

Inappropriate care and cultivation of celery root will lead to poor yield.

Two to three hours before planting in open ground, seedlings irrigate abundantly. So it will be easier to get out of the tank.

Soil preparation

For the cultivation of stalked celery is required to prepare a special soil. This culture likes a loose, light, fertile soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction.

The beds should be located in an open sunny area. It is better to grow crops such as cabbage, cucumbers, beans, and tomatoes on this site. Do not plant celery where before it grew dill, carrots, parsnips, parsley.

The plot is better to prepare in the fall. This refers to the digging of soil and the distribution of humus or compost, as well as double superphosphate. For every square meter of land, four kilograms of humus and twenty grams of superphosphate are required.

By spring, the soil must be loosened by adding it with complex mineral fertilizer (forty grams per square meter). Similar soil will suit other celery species.

Planting in open ground

Seedlings of the root species must be planted on the bed so that the distance between the seedlings was about fifty centimeters. Growing leaf celery, like stalked celery, involves making intervals of twenty centimeters. The distance between the beds should be thirty to fifty centimeters.

Herb culture permissible to plant between rows of garlic, potatoes, onions. Before planting, a hole is dug, a handful of humus is added to it, with ashes mixed with the soil. Seedling deepens to the cotyledonary knee.

The soil around it is compacted. Within a few days after planting, young plants shade from bright sunlight.

What else does cultivate and care in the open field? Celery requires common procedures that depend on the variety of culture.

Care of a plant in an open ground

In order for the crop to please its abundance and taste, it is necessary to follow simple rules.

The main secrets of growing and care:

  • In the open ground, celery must be well watered so that the earth is not covered with a dry crust. In the summer, about twenty liters of water per week should be poured into one square meter of land. Watering is carried out at the root.
  • To prevent moisture from evaporating too quickly, mulching is required. For this, the ground around the plant is covered with a layer of sawdust, peat or mowed grass. It is recommended to do this immediately after landing.
  • Growing celery involves feeding several times a season. A week after landing in the soil, plants are fertilized with herbal infusion. After another two weeks, an infusion of mullein or chicken manure is added to the ground. At the end of June, fertilizing is done with superphosphate (thirty grams per square meter).

Before harvesting the petiole, it is necessary to carry out its high hilling. So, the stems will be cleaned, their bitterness, the content of essential oils will decrease. The procedure is carried out a couple of weeks before harvest.

Root species by mid-summer, you must free the top from the ground. It is better to cut off the lateral roots and press the leaves to the ground. These tricks will contribute to the formation of a larger root.

During harvest, both of the above species are cleaned completely. But leaf celery can be used for planting at home for the winter. The plant is dug with an earthy lump before the first frost and planted in a pot.

When celery cultivation at a certain site is completed, next year you can plant onions, tomatoes, beans, potatoes, and garlic.

Pests and diseases

An integral part of the gardener's work is pest control. Do not bypass the disease and celery. Cultivation and care in the open field involve the struggle with various problems.

List of possible diseases:

  • Rust. The plant is subject to ailment at the beginning of summer. Red-brown pads appear on the leaves and stems. As the disease progresses, some parts of celery turn yellow and dry. They lose their taste. In the fight against rust use "Fitosporin-M".
  • Septoria. The plant is affected by the end of summer. Often the disease is associated with cold rainy weather. Leaves cover yellow spots, and petioles - brown-brown oblong depressions. It helps to get rid of the disease spraying "Fundazole."
  • Cucumber mosaic. The disease is spread by a virus. In plants, leaves are deformed, growth slows down. Infected bushes must be destroyed. Infections are considered to be carriers of the virus.

The most common pest of celery is a borsch fly. By the end of May, she flies from the hogweed to lay eggs under a film of celery leaves. The larvae, hatching, eat the inner contents of the leaves. This leads to the fact that the petioles become bitter in taste. Well deters the fly bow planted nearby.

No less dangerous and carrot fly. She lays eggs under celery bushes. The larvae harm the roots, stalks and leaves. It helps to get rid of the fly powder soil with a mixture of sand, dry mustard, tobacco dust. Bean aphid sucks celery juice. In addition, it is a carrier of many viral diseases.

To protect plants from diseases and pests, weeds should be removed from the garden bed, dug up the area after harvest, removing all plant debris.

Leaf celery: planting and care

When you want to make a tasty and healthy salad, many use sprigscelery It is not necessary to buy this product every time, because it can be grown on a private plot. Therefore, today we will talk about how to grow celery in the garden.

Features celery leaf

You may already know that besides the celery leaf, there is also stalked and root. Therefore it is necessary to distinguish very similar plants. Let's talk about the features of celery leaf. The leaves of this plant are used as decoration for salads. Juicy and fragrant twigs not only complement the dish, but also benefit. In addition to salads, celery is added to soups, broths and pickles. This is a versatile seasoning that is suitable for both frying and roasting. Often, celery leaves are added to various marinades, and you can always find dry crushed leaves in complex seasonings.

Air humidity, lighting and temperature for celery

When planting celery, you need to consider some factors that directly affect the growth rate and taste of the leaves.. Let's start with the temperature. Celery needs warm weather (between 18 ° C and 20 ° C) for rapid growth. At a lower temperature, growth is slowed down, and the plant does not have time to increase the amount of green mass.

The leaves of the plant are eaten, which means that the quality of products directly depends on the amount of sunlight and heat. Therefore, to plant celery in the shade or partial shade is impossible. Also, the plant likes high humidity.Therefore, if in the spring or summer time the air is very dry, you need to additionally irrigate the landing with a spray gun. Do not forget that windy places are unsuitable for planting celery. Besides the fact that the wind blows moisture out of the ground and cools the roots, it can break a fragile plant, after which the celery dries.

What soil likes leaf celery

Now let's talk about what kind of soil like celery leaf. Many gardeners know that the yield of products may directly depend on their predecessors. In the case of celery, any vegetable crops can be precursors. At the same time, the plant loves a crumbly soil rich in humus. The soil should be sandy with a neutral reaction and the presence of peat. In order to achieve the required soil fertility, it is necessary to embed humus in the soil in autumn, which will help the plant to accumulate green mass.

How to choose and prepare planting material

Let's start with the selection of seeds for planting in the country. There are many varieties of leaf celery, but the most popular are the following: "Kartuli", "Cheerfulness", "Gentle" and "Zakhar". After you have purchased the seeds, they need to be prepared. To begin, process the seed with potassium permanganate and put it in wet gauze for several days. Ready for planting seeds should germinate. Up to this point, landing is impossible.

Growing greens on the windowsill

Celery can be grown all year round at home on the windowsill. Seed preparation and sowing are the same as for open ground, and the application of top dressing - as for seedlings. To get greenery for cutting it is necessary that the window or balcony faces the sunny side. In winter, landing will have dosachivyvat fitolampa.

The optimum temperature for indoor celery growing is 15–18 ° C. If it is warmer and the lighting is insufficient, the seedlings will stretch and be thin and frail. Water the plants must be separated by water at room temperature. Celery and other representatives of spicy greens feel well in pots on the bright windowsill

Table: Celery fungal diseases - methods of control and prevention

  • crop rotation,
  • mandatory seed treatment and steaming of soil for seedlings,
  • pest control,
  • destruction of weeds and removal of plant residues from the garden,
  • if there were cases of fungal or viral diseases at the site, it is necessary to shed it with a solution of Fitosporin when preparing the bed for planting.

Photo gallery: signs of fungal diseases

Of the viral diseases for celery is the most dangerous cucumber mosaic. If the socket slowed down or stopped growing, and various bulging rings appeared on the leaves, you should immediately remove the damaged plants. This disease is not treated. To avoid it, it is necessary to fight ticks and aphids, since they are the carriers of viruses. Celery leaves, affected by cucumber mosaic, covered with convex rings

Celery outdoors may be threatened by:

  • aphid,
  • spider mite,
  • carrot listobloshka
  • celery fly.

Insects gnaw leaves and stems, draw out the juice, thereby weakening the plant. If any pests occur, treat the plants as early as possible with an insecticide. It is best to use Bioferm or Iskra-Bio for this purpose. These insecticides are quite safe and do not cause strong harm to the surrounding nature. In addition, greens can be consumed 2 days after treatment. The instructions attached to the preparations indicate the dosages and methods of use (depending on the pest).

For natural protection, you can plant onions and garlic on celery beds. These plants are able to repel many harmful insects by their smell.

Photo Gallery: celery pests

To combat various diseases and pests, you can use traditional methods:

  • 1 tbsp. lapple cider vinegar, diluted in 1 liter of water, will banish aphid and also protect plants from fungal diseases,
  • decoction of onion peel (50 g per 1 l of water) scares off ticks,
  • kefir, diluted in half with water, will protect not only celery, but also other plants from powdery mildew,
  • ground red and black pepper will scare the carrot leaf and celery flies, if you scatter the powder in the aisle.

Harvesting and storage of the crop

Celery is cut 2-3 times per summer with an interval of about 40 days. Last harvest is important to hold before the first frost - in late September or early October. The leaves are cut off, leaving petioles about 5 cm long. This will keep the weak central leaves of the rosette, which will grow again and gain strength, and also protect the roots from rotting during the winter-spring period.

You can save celery greens in different ways:

  • drying. Cut greens sorted, removing damaged leaves. It is washed with running water and dried on paper towels, laid out in a well-ventilated place, away from sunlight,
  • freezing. Washed and dried greens are put in the freezer, pre-packed in plastic bags,
  • pickling. Dried celery leaves are cut and mixed with salt (200 g of salt are added per 1 kg of greens). Mix well the mass, put it in sterilized jars, compacted and stored under capron lids in the refrigerator or in the cellar.
Pure dried celery is laid out in bags and put into the freezer

In our family, everyone loves spicy herbs. And dill, and parsley, and Kindza, and basil - only with the appearance of their aromas, does summer really come to us. I grow greens in the form of a flowerbed - I plant different types on the same bed, and I make grooves not with straight lines, but with zigzags, rings and other figures - that’s enough fantasy. When the plants grow up, my flowerbed is transformed - the openwork leaves of dill and curly parsley against the background of burgundy and pale green lettuce look pretty nice. The center of the composition, as a rule, is a powerful celery bush. He's just a favorite with us, and he grows everywhere - under apple trees, and on a garden with tomatoes, single bushes, and among other greens, and on a separate garden bed. I tried several times to grow the root and stalked ones - it does not work. The leaves are, and very good, but with the other parts - the problem. But the sheet pleases, especially in the second year. I plant different varieties - Samurai, Zakhar and Kook. All are very good, slightly different in flavor, and Oddball, thanks to the delicate leaves, you can’t confuse with any other. In the autumn I cut off all the greens, leaving small hemp, I don’t harbor anything during the winter, and in the spring, in May the first shoots appear. The second-year rosettes develop faster than the young ones from the seedlings, and by June, as a rule, we tear off the first leaves for the salad. I grow up seedlings in a year, and I do it without picks. I arm myself with tweezers, a magnifying glass and spread the seeds immediately in cups. I put 3-4 seeds in each, then remove the extra seeds. I noticed that the seedlings grown in this way tolerate transplantation to the open ground better than picking. For a long time before that I grew it in the usual way - I sowed it in a row, then I tried to swoop down this darkness. The lesson is not the most pleasant, so I chose a method without a picking for myself. I plant on the garden next to tomatoes and onions - everyone feels great and no one bothers anyone. Greens collected for the winter dry land and stored in glass jars.

In the middle lane it is necessary to plant its seedlings. Plant the seeds at home and water, then sprouts will grow, then transplant them to the garden bed. Some sprouts have now grown in my house, but they are still thin, weak.

Rinadinka

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Celery is a real find. There are so many useful things in it that it's hard to imagine. This useful plant works wonders. It can be used in cosmetology.Celery face masks refresh the face, prevent aging and relieve acne.

Kate warm

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Celery is one of the favorite seasonings in our family. It has a specific taste, not everyone likes it, but sensible use will help correct this deficiency and turn it into dignity. I use celery in my dishes as a flavor enhancer.

Milata

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I have known about the beneficial properties of celery for 15 years, not exhausting myself with diets in just 1 week I lost 3 kg. I do not like fresh celery, but in combination with other vegetables in broth the taste of the dish does not spoil, and the result exceeds all expectations!

UDasha

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Celery - the perfect product for weight loss. It helps not only in the fight against extra pounds, but also has medicinal value, due to the content in the stems and roots of vitamin A, vitamin K and E, vitamins of group B (thiamine and riboflavin), nicotinic acid, amino acids, essential oils.

Totosik_07

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Celery is a rather unpretentious plant - it grows on almost any soil, withstands cooling and tolerates lack of moisture. The only difficulty is to grow and plant seedlings, otherwise the care of them is minimal. A lot of vitamins and beneficial properties, three cuts per season, as well as a two-year growing cycle make this plant valuable in every sense of the word.

When and how to plant leaf celery

If you are determined to plant celery leaf in your garden, but do not know how and how to plant the plant (seeds for seedlings or buy ready-made seedlings), then pay attention to the pros and cons of each method. When planting celery seeds for seedlings, you save money, as ready-made seedlings are more expensive. At the same time you will surely be confident in the quality of young plants. However, sowing seeds and caring for them takes a sufficient amount of time, in addition, there is always a chance that the seeds will not sprout and time will be wasted.

If you decide to plant leaf celery from seeds, then after preliminary preparation, you need to mix planting material with sand (it is easier to orient when sowing, since the seeds themselves are very small and merge with the soil color). Seeds are sown in a special mixture, which includes leaf soil, sand, peat and humus in equal proportions. This mix should be laid in boxes in which celery will be grown for the first time.

Sowing seeds in March. In the prepared boxes with soil they make several rows, the distance between them should be at least 6-7 cm. The seed does not need to be deeply buried so that young plants have enough strength to break through. After sowing, peat or humus in crushed form is poured into the furrows over the seeds and filled with soil. If you did everything correctly, then the first shoots can be expected in 8-12 days. During this time it is necessary to maintain the temperature at 18-20 ˚С.

After the seeds have risen, the temperature in the room is reduced to 14-15 ˚C. Also, do not forget that young plants need sunlight, and not artificial. In addition, celery needs to be watered on time (using a spray bottle or a sieve). When 2-3 true (and not cotyledon) leaves appear on the seedlings, the plants are transferred to individual pots or boxes. It is necessary to slightly trim the root to get a strong, branched root system. Many are interested in planting leafy celery seedlings in the ground. In the open soil plants can be planted in early May. During the landing, stick to the scheme 25 x 25 so that the celery is not crowded and the bushes do not drown out each other. If you have already purchased seedlings, then make sure that there are no parasites (or apply light fungicides) and plant them immediately in open ground in accordance with the planting pattern.

Watering celery

Celery is demanding of soil moisture and does not tolerate drought. Since the roots of the plant are not very long, they collect only the moisture that is located near the surface of the soil. When watering, you need to moisten the soil so that no puddles form on its surface.First, they block the access of oxygen to the roots, secondly, they wash out the soil, exposing the root system, and thirdly, they can lead to decay. It is necessary to water celery only in calm weather in the morning or in the evening. Watering at noon or in strong sunshine is strictly prohibited. For irrigation it is best to use a spray, drip irrigation or special sprinklers. Standard watering a hose at the root is not suitable.

The nuances of feeding celery leaf

Now turn to what you can feed the celery seedlings in the process of its growth. Before planting seedlings in the ground, it should be fed. Therefore, two weeks before diving into the open ground, each plant is watered with a solution with mineral fertilizers (10-15 g of ammonium nitrate and 5-10 g of superphosphate are taken for 5 l of water). When watering this solution, make sure that the liquid does not fall on the leaves, otherwise there will be a burn. After transferring the seedlings to open ground, it is worthwhile to wait 15 days and make complex fertilizers, which include sodium, phosphorus and potassium. Thus, the plant will always receive the full range of essential mineral components for growth and development.

Weeding and soil care

Weeding between rows must be carried out for two reasons: to get rid of weeds and open access of oxygen to the roots of the plant. It should be understood that celery is quite fragile and does not have a large and strong root system to compete with weeds. Therefore, if you do not remove weeds from the plot, they will quickly drown the culture and it will wither. Many gardeners use mulch to control weeds. In the case of celery, this system also works. Zamulchirovav soil sawdust, leaves or agrofibre, you get rid of weeds and reduce the amount of watering. Also take care that the area does not rot the remnants of vegetation and there is no stagnation of water.

Leaf celery: harvesting and storage

Now let's talk about how and when to remove the leaf celery. Leaf celery is harvested in several steps. The first stage begins 2 months after picking up seedlings in open ground. Cut the leaves that have reached a length of 30-40 cm. Between cuts, you need to take a break of 2-3 days. This method allows you to save the maximum amount of nutrients in the leaves. At the same time cutting height directly affects the quality of products in the future. Therefore, the leaves are cut at a height of 5-7 cm from the ground. This height does not damage the central underdeveloped leaves and makes the plant more resistant to rot in the winter.

After cutting, there are several ways to store celery:

  • in the refrigerator (without freezing),
  • drying,
  • frost
  • salting

Each method is suitable for different uses. If you know that some of the greenery you need in the next 10 days, then it can be placed in the refrigerator, wrapped in aluminum foil. If celery is wrapped in food film, it will begin to deteriorate on the fourth day. Drying celery makes it possible to reduce the volume of the plant and keep it outside the refrigerator. To dry the leaves, you need after the collection to lay them under a canopy so that they are blown, but not exposed to direct sunlight.

Laying celery need only one layer and from time to time turn the leaves on the other side. Product readiness is determined by crumbling leaves and changing their color. If the product is not very much, then it can be dried at home. For this paper is spread, celery is laid out on it and another layer of paper sheets is placed on top. Drying indoors takes about a month. If celery will be used to decorate the table, it can be frozen. It is important to understand that after freezing the plant will lose some vitamins and minerals. For freezing choose not yellowed twigs. Crushed to the desired size, pour water and freeze. An interesting way to store celery is salting. To do this, 500 g of leaves take 100 g of salt and salted in jars. After this salting should be given to brew for two weeks and can be eaten. Containers can not be placed in the refrigerator, as the salt will not allow the leaves to rot or mold.

In your garden you can grow a lot of tasty and healthy vegetables, fruits and seasonings. Now you can add celery to this list. This greens will not only help decorate the table or cook a delicious borscht, but will also be useful when marinating meat or fish, canning products.

Watch the video: How to Plant Celery (December 2019).

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