Everybody knows the benefits of ginger today. It cures colds, strengthens the immune system, increases blood pressure, hemoglobin and tone, improves digestion, fights with excess weight ... You can list its advantages for a very long time.
But few people know that this miracle root is not necessary to buy. Observing certain conditions, it can be grown at home. So this plant will become not only useful, but also decorative.
Also, ginger can be planted in the garden.
Description and features of ginger
Most people are familiar only with ginger root. It is hard and light, with a thin skin - like a horn of an animal. Many people know its peculiar taste - spicy and spicy.
But one should not underestimate the decorative properties of this tropical plant, which came to us from Asia.
After all, it belongs to the same family with the Siamese tulip, cardamom, turmeric, mountaineering, globa.
Externally, ginger is very similar to grass. He has a tall and thin pseudostem. The leaves on it are long, rolled into a tube, like cigarettes, grow alternately. Light yellow ginger flower with a purple border is distinguished by its special beauty. It is formed on the basal stalk.
Powerful root can surface. In fact, it is not even a root, but an underground stem of a plant. To some, this underground stem resembles a human hand with fingers.
If you plant a potted plant at home, its height can reach from 60 cm to 1 m. The room where ginger grows is filled with a delicate lemon scent.
Growing ginger at home
Ginger can start growing at home at any time of the year. But it is best to do it in early spring, in early March. It is such a plant that will quickly sprout and give beautiful flowers to its owner.
Attention! Ginger breeds with the help of the root, so it’s not necessary to deal with seeds. If a person has ever planted potatoes before, this knowledge will be very useful to him in planting ginger.
- You need to buy fresh and healthy ginger root - without dark spots and soft areas. At the root there should be small buds, from which the ground stalk will develop. If there are no such kidneys, it is necessary to stimulate their growth independently. For this root is placed for several hours in warm water (60-70 ° C).
- While the root “acquires” the kidneys, the soil suitable for this plant should be prepared. In composition, it is close to the ground where it is good to grow vegetables. This is a mixture of clay and peat 1: 3.
- The ginger pot should be spacious: when the root grows, it will need plenty of space. Also in the pots need to do drainage. The slightest hint of decay or the conditions for its occurrence will destroy the plant.
For planting properly divide the root
- When the buds appear, the root should be cut into several small pieces without damaging the stem buds. Now the root can be immersed in the soil to a depth of 1 cm so that the buds “look” up.
- After planting, the root should be poured abundantly and covered with plastic wrap. The main thing is to create a kind of greenhouse for ginger.
Council The film can be replaced with a plastic bottle. To do this, it is cut in half and use the bottom.
- As such, the future plant is placed in a bright place, the temperature in which should not be below 25 ° C. In a month, when the shoots seem, the film or bottle can be removed.
Ginger care at home
The appearance of shoots is half the battle. Next, you should aim at the proper care of this capricious tropical plant.
Attention! When growing ginger, you need to remember that it loves heat and moisture.
- A pot of ginger should be placed on the window on the south or southeast side. At the same time the flower is hidden from direct sunlight. If this is not possible, you need to try to provide the plant with light artificial sources.
- In warm or even hot summer it would be good to take ginger into the yard or put it on the balcony or loggia. It is better that a small shadow from the leaves of the trees fall on it, creating a rarefied light.
- Watering ginger should be moderate to keep the soil moist, but not to provoke rotting. The plant responds well to spraying with water at room temperature.
- At the stage of early development, this plant requires feeding in the form of mineral and organic fertilizers. Potassium is best for ginger growth, but phosphorus will stimulate flowering. Although the flower does not appear immediately, it will take several years to wait.
In winter, the plant retires, its leaves dry. At this time it does not need to be watered. Warm room should be changed to cool. Some growers are advised to even put a pot of ginger in the fridge.
Growing ginger in the garden
You should start here the same way as in the case of home-grown. When the root sprouts, it is transferred to the open ground. To make it grow better, you should observe the following conditions:
- choose the area as protected from direct sunlight,
- sprinkle sprouts regularly to keep them dry
- feed ginger with a solution of mullein in water (1:10), in August add potash fertilizers,
- water the plant regularly to keep the soil moist but without puddles,
- before harvesting watering stop.
In the summer, you can use the leaves and stalks of ginger for making salad. But the roots are dug in September, when the upper part of the plant is yellower and dries. If ginger grows on a plot for decorative purposes, it should be left to hibernate in the ground.
Growing ginger at home or in the garden is a great idea. This is a useful, beautiful and aromatic plant.
It will decorate any room or garden so much that it will be a pity to dig it out for culinary or medical purposes.
Fortunately, the root can be bought in the store, and leave the green pet safe and sound.
How to plant ginger in the garden and in the flower pot
Information article about the plant ginger. The article has a brief description of the plant and provides recommendations for growing ginger in the garden and in a flower pot. Everyone at least once heard the word ginger, for example, the expression gingerbread, known to confectioners and lovers of sweets.
In the genus Ginger includes about 140 species of plants. Including pharmacy ginger or ordinary ginger. This type of ginger is known as a spicy and medicinal plant.
Besides him, the man uses and ginger zerumbet. Leaves and stems are seasoned, and the liquid that accumulates in the flowers aborigines of Polynesia wash their heads.
In Japan, Japanese ginger buds are eaten, and in Thailand, purple ginger rhizomes are used in food. We will try to figure out whether it is possible to grow residents of warm places on their own and how to plant ginger in the garden or in a flower pot.
Ginger plant where to get planting material
Pharmaceutical ginger and other species from the genus Ginger in its wild form were previously found in Asian countries and in western India. In European countries, the plant fell during the medieval journey of Europeans to these countries. It is believed that one of the first plant brought Marco Polo.
In Russia, ginger appeared in the XVI century. At the discovery of America, not only potatoes, tobacco, corn came from it to Europe, but also plants from Europe came to America. Ginger was one of the first such plants. He happily settled down on tropical islands near South America.
Ginger is a perennial herb. The ground part is represented by rather high, up to 1.5-1.8 m, shoots with whole pointed leaves.
Inflorescences are located on separate stems and look like spikelets. However, of interest to humans are fleshy rhizomes.
They are used in cooking and pharmacology.
Also, rhizomes are valuable for lovers of exotic plants.
Since with their help you can multiply ginger, planting it on the site or at home. The issue with the acquisition of planting material is solved quite simply.
You need to go to the nearest grocery store and just buy ginger roots.
For those who are not looking for easy ways, a longer way will do. Planting material can be ordered online. This can be done even from the plant’s homeland, for example, from China. In the wild, ginger prefers moist, warm spots in the penumbra.
After purchasing planting material, you can start planting and growing ginger. This can be done on a garden bed.
How to plant and grow ginger in the garden
Purchased ginger roots should be inspected and divided into segments so that each has a pair of buds. From them will begin the growth of shoots.
The length of each piece of rhizome should be about 6 cm.
Before planting into the ground, rhizome fragments can be soaked for 5-6 hours in water or stimulator solution.
Ginger grows on well-fertilized wet loams. If the soil is heavy, then sand must be added to it. Enough 10 kg per square. m
Well-rotted manure is introduced into poor soil. The amount of manure - up to two buckets per square. m. The area selected for ginger should be dug along with fertilizers.
It is enough to do this on the bayonet of the shovel.
Considering that ginger is grown in a tropical climate, it should be planted in open ground at the end of May.
Of course, to get more mature roots by the end of the season, it is advisable to plant ginger early.
If you do not need a lot of ginger, then it is possible to plant it in pots at the beginning of spring, and with the onset of heat, simply pass into the hole in the garden.
Before planting in the garden, furrows with a depth of 10–15 cm should be made. Fragments of rhizomes should be spread into the furrow. Lay out the kidneys up. After that, cover the rhizomes with a layer of soil in three cm. Leave 15-20 cm between them. Make the next furrow after 20 cm.
After planting the furrow shed water. Before the emergence of shoots do it in 1-2 days. But you should not fill in grooves with ginger, rhizomes can rot.
After 15 to 20 days, a green cone will appear on the surface of the earth. Further care for the planting of ginger is reduced to timely weeding and loosening the soil.
Since the plant is responsive to watering, in the absence of natural precipitation, it is desirable to water it every two to three days. In addition, once every 15 days of planting ginger can be shed divorced mullein in the ratio of 1 to 10.
In the second half of September, watering should stop. After about two weeks, ground parts will begin to dry out, therefore, it is time to dig up the roots of ginger. They do it about the same way they dig potatoes.
And although the rhizomes didn’t give much increase, for a good harvest ginger needs to grow for about 10 months, yet the crop of ginger has been obtained.
Until spring it can be stored in a cellar, in wooden or cardboard boxes. As needed, ginger root can be used in various dishes or as an anti-cold remedy.
Fans of indoor plants can grow ginger at home.
How to plant ginger in a flower pot at home
The best time to plant ginger in the room is early spring. A fragment of rhizome with buds is also taken for planting. It is placed in warm water for five to six hours before planting. This procedure will restore the water balance and help the kidneys wake up.
The pot is better to choose a ceramic, wide, but not very high. The bottom of the pot to fill the drainage layer. Suitable broken brick, expanded clay.
Soil mix of equal parts of sand, peat and sod land.Fill the pot with it and moisten the soil a day before planting.
Additionally, you can add a little mineral fertilizer for tuberous crops.
Part of the rhizome is not fully buried, it is desirable that the kidneys remain in the light. Close the pot with foil and put in a warm place.
Once a day, remove the film for 10 - 20 minutes, if necessary, water or spray the earth in a pot.
Green seedlings can appear in two weeks and in five to seven weeks.
From this point on, the plant needs warmth, good lighting, but not direct sun and almost daily watering or sprinkling.
On summer days, a pot of ginger can be kept in the garden or on the open balcony. With the onset of autumn, the pot is brought into a warm room and reduce watering. In winter, the plant is enough minimum amount of moisture. And with the onset of spring abundant watering and fertilizing are resumed twice a month.
It is possible that it will take a year to wait for the flowering to grow ginger, but if everything is done correctly, an unusual ginger inflorescence will appear in the third or fourth year.
about how to plant ginger at home:
How to grow ginger root at home?
Ginger is a herbaceous perennial plant, a savory spice originally from India. It has a large, “horned” in structure rhizome and a succulent stem, reaching a height of one and a half meters.
Ginger root is used to prepare various dishes, desserts and drinks.
Many use it fresh, as the plant has healing properties, providing anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, sedative, analgesic effect.
How to grow ginger to always have a spicy rhizome on hand? The spice can be planted in a pot and grown as a houseplant, if the climatic features of the region allow, the tuber can be rooted in open ground.
Growing ginger in a flower pot
Purchase planting material and planted in a pot with soil mixture, perhaps the easiest way to get an exotic plant.
Ginger has many varieties, but only one is suitable for eating - medicinal ginger (Zingiber officinale).
The shoots reach a height of more than 100 cm, the leaves are thin, elongated, blooms with small and inconspicuous flowers, however, it is almost impossible to achieve flowering at home.
How to grow ginger yourself in a flower pot? It is necessary to purchase planting material (root or part thereof) in a specialty store, on the market, or to order online.
Before planting, rhizome is soaked in warm water to awaken dormant buds. It is enough to arrange a “bath” in water heated to a temperature of +45 ° C, the duration of soaking the planting material is 5–8 hours.
If the root is large, then it can be divided into several parts and landed in separate containers, having previously treated the cut sites with crushed charcoal.
It is necessary to take into account that on each sliced fragment there must be at least 2 growing kidneys.
For the cultivation of ginger pick up wide and bulky containers, rhizome grows horizontally and will require a lot of space. At the bottom of the tank should be several drainage holes. Drainage is laid out in the prepared pot; it is enough to make a layer of 2-3 cm
As a material, you can use pebbles, expanded clay, broken brick, mixed with pieces of foam. The soil for planting is chosen fertile and light, the best solution would be to buy a mixture for growing vegetable seedlings.
Some growers recommend using the following components to prepare the substrate:
- leaf humus - 2 parts,
- turf ground - part 1,
- medium grained sand - 1 part.
The containers are filled with 2/3 of the earth and horizontally spread the rhizome of ginger, making sure that the buds are located at the top.
Next, the root sprinkled with the remnants of the mixture, its layer over the kidneys should not exceed 2 cm.
How to grow ginger from the root? After planting, the container should be placed in a warm and well-lit place, watered very carefully, only slightly moistening the soil.
In the phase of active growth, ginger needs intensive lighting, however, keeping the pot on the windowsill on the south side is not desirable.
It is better to place the plant in a room facing west or east, and at noon to light a curtain of light tulle.
In north-facing rooms, ginger can die from a lack of light.
How to grow ginger in the open field? Before planting rhizomes in a greenhouse or on a bed, it is first germinated in a plate with water. Having received shoots about 4-5 cm long, ginger can be planted in the ground. Planting in the greenhouse is held in early April.
In central Russia, it is difficult to get the harvest on time, the tuber ripens and is poured for at least 10 months, so at the end of August the plant is dug out and, together with a clod of earth, is placed in a tub.
At home, he grows and receive a crop or leave until spring, as a perennial plant.
Ginger prefers moderately warm air temperatures. Optimal values:
- in spring and summer - from +20 ° C to +25 ° C,
- in winter (with the organization of the state of rest) - from +12 ° C to +16 ° C,
- during the winter period (without the organization of a state of rest) - from +18 ° C to +20 ° C.
In winter, at lower temperatures, the plant goes into hibernation, if the conditions of detention are not changed, the ginger will continue to grow, but a little slower.
In the summer, in good weather, it is recommended to take it out to the balcony, open terraces or verandas.
Fresh air will benefit, however, during the midday heat the plant needs to be shaded from direct sunlight.
Watering and humidity
To grow up ginger, as in a greenhouse - saturated green color, with a large and juicy rhizome, competent watering will help. Plants should not suffer from a lack of moisture, just as they must suffer from excessive moisture.
It is especially important to prevent the substrate from drying out at the very beginning of the growth of the southern plant, when the first young shoots will appear on the surface of the earth. Water for irrigation using only soft, freed from impurities of chlorine.
The frequency of watering adult specimens - 2-4 times a week, depending on the volume of the pot and the air temperature in the room. The topsoil between watering should not dry out more than 1.5 cm.
The next day after watering, it is necessary to loosen the top layer of the earth, dry crust adversely affects the development of the tuber.
Humidity in the cultivation of ginger does not matter much, but frequent spraying will benefit him. Shoots "refresh" with warm water from a spray bottle, sometimes you can wash off the dust using a shower. Spraying is best done in the evening.
Asking how to grow ginger, do not forget about dressing. In the phase of active growth (from early April to the end of October), the procedure is carried out 1 time in 15 days. You can use both mineral compositions and organic.
Fertilizing with a mullein infusion in a 1:10 ratio proved well.
To form a tuber, special attention must be paid to potassium; it is important that in complex mineral fertilizers its percentage ratio exceeds the number of other trace elements.
Harvesting and storage
In September, when the shoots and foliage begin to dry out, it's time to prepare the tuber to be removed from the ground. Watering is gradually reduced and carefully observe the plant. As soon as the leaves turn yellow, dry out and disappear, you can start harvesting.
Knowing how to grow ginger, it remains only to properly extract the root. The plant is carefully removed from the pot, cleaned from the ground and cut off the aerial part.All small, adventitious roots are removed.
Then, the rhizome can be divided into several parts. Some fragments are left for cooking, while others are removed in order to plant a new batch of spiced ginger in the spring.
Roots intended for storage must be wrapped in a newspaper or packed in a paper bag. Planting material should be stored in a dark and cool room where the air temperature stays at 2–5 ° C.
The optimal place is a cellar or basement, residents of city apartments can put rhizomes in the fridge on the shelf for storing vegetables.
How to grow ginger at home?
Modern supermarkets offer buyers a lot of vegetables and fruits not only from Russian open spaces, but also brought from the other end of the world. When transporting fruits lose nutrients, and people want fresh.
The same can be said about ginger root, which on the counter has an unattractive appearance. How to grow ginger at home interested in many avid gardeners and gardeners.
Ginger is a medicinal perennial plant of the ginger family, in which the edible part is its root. The aboveground part of the plant resembles grass sedge. Initially, it grew in natural conditions only in Western India and Southeast Asia.
Ginger is quite common in countries with a tropical climate - Japan, Vietnam, Brazil and Argentina. The closest relatives of ginger are cardamom, turmeric, tulip and ginger lily.
In the wild, ginger now practically does not grow. This is a typical garden crop. The plant has lanceolate leaves, long and strong stems up to 1-1.5 m tall. Peduncles up to 30 cm long, with small leaves.
The flowers are collected in the apical spikes and are located in the axils of the bracts. Ginger refers to flowering plants, but never gives fruit. The plant propagates by roots, powerful and tuberous. The fact that ginger has ripened, say falling leaves.
Useful properties of ginger and contraindications
Useful properties of ginger are known for a long time. It is beneficial and helps to cope with many problems, which include:
- Food poisoning, even mushrooms.
- Inadequate digestion of food - perfectly prevents the accumulation of toxins in the intestine, which only poison the body.
- Getting rid of worms and other parasites.
- Pathology of the oral cavity.
- Skin diseases and allergies.
- Improving the state of blood vessels and preventing the formation of blood clots.
- Relieving pain in the joints and muscles, swelling and stretching.
- Reduction of stomach cramps.
Ginger helps women recover from infertility. During menstruation relieves cramps.
Harm and contraindications in ginger, despite its benefits, are also present, as in any plant. Limitations in the application include:
- With throat and colds, if there is a fever, you cannot be treated with ginger - it can trigger a rise in temperature even higher.
- Ginger is contraindicated in gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, because the spice irritates the mucous membrane. It is also forbidden to take it in oncology - it helps to accelerate the growth of the tumor.
- Ginger is contraindicated in diseases of the liver and cholelithiasis - it has a choleretic property.
- Ginger root thins blood. But it should be taken with caution with frequent bleeding from the nose, hemorrhoids.
- Seasoning increases the pressure.
- You can not use spice at night - it can provoke insomnia.
It is forbidden to take seasoning in the second half of pregnancy and during breastfeeding. Spice juice penetrates into breast milk and prevents the baby from sleeping.
Where is ginger root for sale in all countries of the world grown? Huge plantations of medicinal and common plant varieties are in India.
Ginger loves a humid tropical climate and a lot of diffused light. He needs high temperature and seasonal rain of the tropics.
It is this combination of climatic conditions that allows you to get huge yields of valuable and useful root.
Where ginger grows today: it can be found on all continents, even in Africa, but there it is grown for its own purposes.
But the French and the Dutch grow ginger right on the balcony and enjoy the pleasant aroma of a young plant.
You will not find ginger plantations in the open spaces of Russia either, it is grown on home gardens and at home in pots as an annual plant.
It is possible to grow up ginger on the site, but you should not hope for a high crop. Plant it required in an open sunny area with low groundwater levels. The soil is suitable for him any.
In the excavated area, it is necessary to make grooves 15 cm deep. It is recommended to plant ginger rhizomes, cut into pieces with already swollen buds, into these grooves.
Planting material should be at a distance of 30 cm from each other.
Shoots look like reed leaves, the same pointed leaves. All summer the plants are recommended to weed, loosen and water. Do not forget about dressing.
Since the root of the plant is eaten, it is fertilized with organic fertilizer, for example, mullein infusion. From the moment of planting and before harvesting takes place about six months.
A signal of readiness are yellowed leaves. Dug out roots should be dried under a canopy.
Ginger at home. :
Growing ginger root at home is not a problem. Uncomplicated care of him and rare damages of diseases allow him to grow at home in a pot. Insects are repelled by the harsh aroma of the plant, so they do not attack him. Ginger breeds only by dividing the rhizome.
The ginger family consists of 140 species, but not all are suitable for indoor cultivation. Breeders bred many varieties that differ in shape and size of the roots, their color and smell.
But the main feature, dividing all varieties into two groups, is its sharpness. There are two groups of varieties:
- Black, or Barbados - different burning taste and a pungent smell. It does not need to be cleaned, it is enough to wash with boiling water and dry in the sun.
- White, or Bengal - is not too sharp taste. Requires cleaning and drying. Cleaning on an industrial scale is done with sulfuric acid, its weak solution.
Belonging to different groups does not affect the conditions of their cultivation and content. The choice of variety should be based on the taste of the root. In order to grow ginger from the root at home, it is necessary to provide it with an appropriate atmosphere.
Ginger is grown in the apartment for the healing of the root or its beautiful flowering. If the harvest is expected, then you should not give the plant to bloom.
As an ornamental plant, it also looks original. Reaches a height of one meter and blooms beautiful inflorescences. It is necessary to plant roots in pots at the very end of winter so that the vegetative period falls on summer time.
First you need to buy planting material, it is done shortly before it is planted. Then carry out the following activities to prepare ginger for planting:
- How to choose a root for planting. It is necessary to take a root with smooth skin, not wrinkled.
It should not be lethargic, and it should have kidneys, like a potato tuber before planting. The more of these "eyes", the more sprouts will come out of the root. Disinfection. Since ginger is brought from afar, it is treated with chemicals before.
To remove them, you need to soak the roots in water for two days. And to eliminate the infection in the water add a few manganese crystals or baking soda (at the rate of a teaspoon of soda per cup of water). Soil preparation.
Ginger can be grown in plain ground or use wet moss.It is better for apartment cultivation to take sphagnum moss. You can take the usual soil from the garden. You can prepare a mixture: 3 parts of peat and part of clay. Pot for planting.
Ginger has such a feature - its roots do not grow in depth, but along the surface of the soil. The optimal container for ginger is a shallow, but wide box or pot.
If you grow ginger for flowering, then take a small pot, then all efforts will be directed to the development of the stem and flowers.
The preparation of the root for planting includes the stage of the awakening of the kidneys. If the roots prepared for planting do not have "eyes", then they must be awakened to accelerate their germination. It takes from three days to two weeks. There are two ways to present an event.
In the raw moss
A tall container is taken and lined with moss. On it are placed the roots of the ginger buds up. From above it is recommended to put another thin layer of sphagnum, pour it all over with warm water. Put the dishes closer to the battery on the windowsill.
Plant the roots for planting on wooden sticks and hang over a container with water so that the lower part of the root is in the water. Continuously maintain the water level in the tank.
After sprouting is formed, the roots can be cut into pieces, so that each of them has 2-3 swollen buds. Treat the slices with charcoal and dry the nodules.
Ginger. How to plant at home? :
Prepared planting material must be properly landed in the ground. To do this, you must go through the following stages of landing:
- Drainage system. So that the moisture does not stagnate in the pot, it is necessary to make a drainage, for which claydite or pieces of foam are laid out at the bottom of the tank.
- Ground laying. On top of the drainage, ground is poured or moss is put. This is done exactly two thirds of the pot. Then it needs to be moistened, but not poured. For humidification is better to use a sprayer.
- Planting ginger. Planting material is laid on the ground with seedlings up.
- Backfilling with primer. Be careful not to damage the sprouts, cover the roots with soil or lay out moss. The top layer should not be high - no more than 3-5 cm.
After falling asleep, moisten the soil again and place the dishes in a dry place, where the air temperature is about 18-20 degrees.
Usually, ginger sprouts appear after two weeks. To grow a healthy plant, you need to create close to natural conditions.
During the germination of ginger roots, you must observe the temperature in the room up to 20 degrees, but not lower than 15.
During active growth, and it happens in the summer, it is necessary to provide a high temperature - 28-32 degrees.
Ginger does not tolerate a sharp change in temperature, as a result of which the plant may simply not survive.
Since the plant is tropical, it loves moist air. It should be moistened with a spray daily. In the autumn, when the leaves turn yellow, spraying should be stopped.
Ginger loves light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. They can cause real burns to the leaves. For a container with a plant, it is better to choose an eastern or western window-sill in the apartment.
Ginger requires constant soil moisture, it should be sprayed, but not poured. Water from the pan is required to pour immediately. But it is also dangerous to dry up the ground, especially during a period of active growth.
If there is not enough moisture, the leaves shrink and fall off. If there is an overflow, the leaves begin to turn yellow. Water should be soft, separated by water at room temperature.
After the soil is moistened, it must be loosened.
After sprouting, the plant must be fed with a mullein solution every 2 weeks. If there is no such feeding, you can use mineral fertilizers. From late summer to late autumn, potash supplements are required, alternating with organic ones.
Pay attention to this material - Yucca: home care, breeding and transplanting.
Pruning is necessary if ginger is grown for its root. It needs more strength to go into his education.
You will be interested in this article - Nolina: home care. Growing brocade from seed.
How to choose and prepare for planting a tuber?
For planting fit ordinary ginger, bought in the store. To get a quality plant with a good harvest from it, you need to pay attention to the following details when buying:
- the flesh should be firm and elastic,
- tuber should not be present mechanical damage and rotting.
A too large tuber can be cut into fragments, provided that at least one growth point is present on each cut part of the rhizome.
In order to awaken the sleeping buds, first place the tuber for 3-4 hours in warm water. Then, if necessary, divide it into parts and leave it for a day: during this time, the places of the cuts will dry out and tighten a little.
If you sprinkle slices with activated charcoal or charcoal, you can plant immediately.
Which pot to use?
Lovers of clay flowerpots this time should give up their preferences and plant ginger in a plastic bowl. The fact is that it grows heavily and then it will be very difficult to remove the rhizome from the clay pot. For the same reason, wide and shallow containers should be used.
In the pot must be drainage holes, because, despite the moisture-loving nature, ginger quickly rot from stagnant water.
How and in what soil to plant?
Put a layer of expanded clay on the bottom of the pot, but if no flat dishes were found, you should put a decent layer in a high pot, up to 1/3 of the pot height.
Ginger loves loose, slightly acidic soil. In dense soil, the plant will develop poorly, and the roots will grow clumsy.
Pour the substrate for houseplants on top of the drainage, without reporting 2-3 cm to the top of the pot. Lay the tubers in such a way that the growth points look upwards. If it is planned to plant several tuber fragments in one flowerpot, the buds should be sent in different directions. Sprinkle a little with the ground, spill the soil well and drain the water from the pan. Put the pot in a bright room with a temperature not lower than 20 degrees Celsius. The first shoots will seem in 2 weeks.
Ginger in the kitchen and in the interior
Ginger rhizome has found various applications in cooking. In a ground form, it is added to the dough, to meat or fish dishes, sliced into thin plates and pickled, it is a good snack, and candied is a real treat.
But the same plant can be a decoration for the interior. It is attractive not only narrow long leaves that are similar to reeds. Flowers, bright, red-brown or yellow-orange, similar to orchid flowers, have a special expressiveness.
Independently, you can dilute ginger at home and to decorate the premises, and for use in the kitchen.
Exotic spice is grown by seed or root division. Do not immediately experiment with seeds. Success can only be guaranteed with high-quality seed, which seed suppliers today cannot offer.
Therefore, consider in detail how to conduct root breeding. This can be done only from fresh rhizome. Signs suitable for planting material:
- The smoothness, elasticity, silkiness of the skin, having a golden color with a sheen,
- The minimum number of fibers
- A large number of kidneys (similar to potato eyes), with the obligatory presence of several "live",
- Lack of moldiness and dryness.
Good results will require special soil. Of the finished soils, the most suitable soil is for the cultivation of citrus.You can also prepare the soil mix yourself. To do this, to the usual garden soil add the same amount of sand and humus. If possible, add a complex fertilizer for the root system.
Drainage in the pot - is required! Drainage is carried out with the help of expanded clay or medium-sized pebbles.
We grow ginger according to the rules
To plant ginger at home in a pot does not require special training or special skills. He is not particularly demanding, so even an experienced person can plant it. It is only necessary to follow the procedure and advice of experts how to put ginger at home.
It is necessary to determine in advance where the flower pot will be. A tropical plant needs warmth and plenty of sunshine. But a direct hit by the sun is undesirable, like a draft, as well as cold air.
You can grow ginger at home from the root at any time of the year. Restrictions for planting in the ground there. But the best results give landing in the cold season. The most preferable is winter, the most optimal period is the second half of February - the beginning of March.
Located on the parts of the roots of the kidneys will go to growth after activation. To do this, they are poured with warm water and left for 2-3 hours. It is useful to add substances to a liquid that will destroy a possible infection: potassium permanganate, saline (per tbsp. - 1 tsp. Of table salt) or the diluted drug Fitosporin.
The selected container is filled in the following order: drainage (from 2 to 3 cm), most of the prepared soil mixture is poured onto it, which is treated with Fitosporin.
Soaked parts of the roots are laid out on the ground, observing the correct location of the kidneys - up. In one container you can put several pieces at once. The main thing is to make sure that they are located at a distance of 2 to 3 cm both from each other and from the walls of the pot. Spreading planting material, sprinkle it with the remaining soil. Rhizomes should not be buried deep. They need a small layer of soil on top - from 2 to 3 cm. Planting is considered to be completely complete after the planted roots are watered with a small amount of warm water.
Video "Ginger house: planting and care"
Home Ginger Care
Providing the right care, you can be sure: you will be able to grow ginger at home. In the care of the plant as unpretentious, does not need to perform complex procedures.
During the first 2 months from the moment of planting until the emergence of sprouts, it is required to keep the soil moist, but not to overflow. For normal growth requires minimal watering with warm water. After the sprouts appear, the volume of water is increased. The main condition for the favorable development of the plant - the preservation of soil moisture.
Saplings need systematic loosening of the soil. It is carried out superficially (up to 1 cm in depth) in order not to damage the rhizomes. Terms loosening - the next day after watering.
1 time in 2 weeks sprouts need to be fed. They need alternately mineral and organic fertilizers, which are applied in liquid form. It is easier and more correct to use special complexes that contain balanced compositions of useful substances. Apply complex fertilizers in accordance with the instructions.
After 8-9 months, it will become clear that you managed to grow ginger at home. He will tell you when it is time to dig. This can be determined by the appearance: yellowing and dryness of the tops. These signs become a signal for changing the mode of irrigation. Watering is stopped gradually, gradually reducing the volume of water. After the termination of watering, you can get the roots out of the pot. After cleaning, they are placed in the sun for 2-3 days for drying. Dried rhizomes can be used as food.If several large roots are grown, they are stored in the vegetable box of the refrigerator, in a paper bag.
Video "Ginger House: Harvesting"
The benefits and use of ginger
An exotic plant can be seen more often in a flower pot, because the beneficial properties of ginger make it indispensable.
- With various colds - as an anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, antibacterial, expectorant.
- In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - as a stimulant for the normalization of the stomach, for the formation of gastric juice, to alleviate the condition of stomach ulcers.
- In allergic and skin diseases - as an antioxidant.
And besides, the use of ginger root is effective for improving blood circulation in the brain and memory, strengthening blood vessels and regulating pressure, strengthening the immune system and lowering cholesterol, treating joints, preventing tumors, losing weight. Every year, physicians discover all the new useful properties of the plant. His powder is advised to use as a base for ginger compress, relieving back pain. Ginger bath relieves muscle fatigue, and paste saves from headaches.
Ginger is especially attractive because it can transfer its healing properties to the body not only in the form of special drugs and forms made on its basis.
Ginger dishes are a tasty treat and a healing agent at the same time. Grated ginger root is included in a variety of recipes for meat and fish dishes, giving them a peculiar taste. Hot ginger tea has long been the easiest, but effective way to take care of the health of the whole family.
Grow ginger at home, it will become your reliable assistant in promoting the health of loved ones!
In autumn, the leaves and stem of the plant begin to dry and turn yellow. Shoots fall in different directions, which indicates readiness for digging up the roots. No more watering. The roots must be pulled out of the soil, cleaned from the soil and dried in the sun.
Now you know how ginger grows at home. Growing an exotic house culture will fill it with the atmosphere of hot camps and sunny days. It is not difficult to make a tropical paradise with ginger in a pot in the apartment.
How to grow ginger at home
Proper care - the key to health ginger, and flowers - as a decor. In addition, the fruits of the plant are widely used in cooking.
Ginger is a spicy plant whose roots are used in traditional medicine.
Knowing a few simple rules on how to grow ginger at home, you can get an excellent universal medicine on the windowsill.
The roots of a spicy plant can be used for a variety of purposes, in particular, the following areas of ginger application are noted:
- As a means to improve the enzymatic processes of the gastrointestinal tract and appetite stimulation, treatment of gastric disorders.
- To stabilize the vestibular apparatus (helps with seasickness).
- To eliminate the symptoms of toxicosis in early pregnancy.
- In European cuisine, ginger is added to marinades and sauces.
- In Russian culinary traditions, the roots of a plant are usually added to pastry, liqueurs, sbitni, kvass, tinctures, honey and Easter cakes.
Ginger root is used not only in cooking, but also in medicine - it is a real home healer
The best time to grow ginger at home is the beginning of spring. During this period, early shoots appear actively, and in some cases it is possible to get flowering.
So, the first step for planting a plant is to acquire a healthy rhizome, on which the buds of dormant buds appeared. Usually such copies can be found at garden fairs and specialized markets. The next step after purchasing the planting material is its acclimatization.To do this, hold the rhizome in a cool and well shaded room. If the buds do not begin to "wake up", you can put ginger for several hours in warm water. Further planting technique involves the following actions:
Usually such copies can be found at garden fairs and specialized markets.
The next step after purchasing the planting material is its acclimatization.To do this, hold the rhizome in a cool and well shaded room. If the buds do not begin to "wake up", you can put ginger for several hours in warm water.
Further planting technique involves the following actions:
Important! Pots should have special drainage holes for the plant to get enough air.
Choose shallow bowls with wide edges, as the root will begin to grow and it will need space.
Place the containers in a well-lit place where the temperature will be around 25 ° C. A window sill works well for this, but be careful. If night frosts begin, immediately hide the pots in the room.
On the germination of the first shoots of ginger takes one month. As soon as they appear, remove the film. Further actions are reduced to the proper care of the plant.
Growing ginger at home requires constant attention and regular watering, but the result is worth all the effort.
Growing ginger at home, remember that this is a tropical plant and it needs abundant watering.
However, it is not necessary to “fill” the pots with water, as the root may rot. It is recommended that drain balls be placed in the container to absorb excess moisture. It will take about 7–8 months for ginger to reach its maximum growth. That is, by the winter you should already have fruits, and the stem and leaves will dry out and the plant will no longer need watering. As they grow, the leaves will become suitable for use in salads. But if your goal is to grow healthy and large ginger root, then it is better to wait and not cut off the foliage. A pot with a plant must be kept in a damp and cool place. It should be fenced off from wind and drafts, as well as from exposure to direct ultraviolet rays. Suitable sparse lighting. Do not forget about dressing. Like any other plant, ginger needs organic fertilizers.Phosphoric minerals are suitable for flowering, and potash for growth. Remember that with proper care and compliance with all rules of cultivation, it can bloom. This happens a few years after planting. Blooming ginger in its beauty is not inferior to other ornamental houseplants. Ginger grows fast enough, and with proper care, you can get root vegetables for 3-4 months Ginger bloom is a rare occurrence that can be enjoyed only with the perfect care of the plant. It is necessary to observe the optimal conditions for the protection of stems from overheating, overcooling, to give moderate watering and fertilizing. Ginger produces one flower on a long stem. In color, it is usually lemon yellow in color with lilac edges framed by bracts. Therefore, if you plant a plant as a home decor, and not to obtain a healing rhizome, you should consider the following features: Ginger bloom is a rare occurrence that can be achieved with perfect plant care. After climbing the green shoots, the plant needs competent care. We list the main components:
Ginger as a decorative flower
The main thing - do not allow drying. Water ginger often, but in small portions.
It is recommended that drain balls be placed in the container to absorb excess moisture.
It will take about 7–8 months for ginger to reach its maximum growth.
That is, by the winter you should already have fruits, and the stem and leaves will dry out and the plant will no longer need watering. As they grow, the leaves will become suitable for use in salads.
But if your goal is to grow healthy and large ginger root, then it is better to wait and not cut off the foliage.
A pot with a plant must be kept in a damp and cool place. It should be fenced off from wind and drafts, as well as from exposure to direct ultraviolet rays. Suitable sparse lighting.
Do not forget about dressing. Like any other plant, ginger needs organic fertilizers.Phosphoric minerals are suitable for flowering, and potash for growth. Remember that with proper care and compliance with all rules of cultivation, it can bloom. This happens a few years after planting. Blooming ginger in its beauty is not inferior to other ornamental houseplants. Ginger grows fast enough, and with proper care, you can get root vegetables for 3-4 months Ginger bloom is a rare occurrence that can be enjoyed only with the perfect care of the plant. It is necessary to observe the optimal conditions for the protection of stems from overheating, overcooling, to give moderate watering and fertilizing. Ginger produces one flower on a long stem. In color, it is usually lemon yellow in color with lilac edges framed by bracts. Therefore, if you plant a plant as a home decor, and not to obtain a healing rhizome, you should consider the following features:
Remember that with proper care and compliance with all rules of cultivation, it can bloom. This happens a few years after planting. Blooming ginger in its beauty is not inferior to other ornamental houseplants.
Ginger grows fast enough, and with proper care, you can get root vegetables for 3-4 months
Ginger bloom is a rare occurrence that can be enjoyed only with the perfect care of the plant. It is necessary to observe the optimal conditions for the protection of stems from overheating, overcooling, to give moderate watering and fertilizing.
Ginger produces one flower on a long stem. In color, it is usually lemon yellow in color with lilac edges framed by bracts.
Therefore, if you plant a plant as a home decor, and not to obtain a healing rhizome, you should consider the following features:
Ginger bloom is a rare occurrence that can be achieved with perfect plant care.
After climbing the green shoots, the plant needs competent care. We list the main components:
Proper care is the key to ginger health.
Spicy ginger root will be ready to eat in 3-4 months after planting. At this time it will not be so fragrant, but it is quite possible to use it as a seasoning. To get a full harvest, it will take at least 8-10 months.
Fresh root should be stored in a dry and cool place. A cellar or basement is suitable, where the air temperature is between + 2 ° C and + 5 ° C.
It can be cut into slices, dried as chips and packed in a paper bag - in this form the ginger will last longer, but it will be less sharp and saturated.
The easiest way is to pack the root crop in a sealed plastic film and put it in the freezer, which is suitable for long-term crop savings. Do not be afraid, ginger will not lose its useful properties during deep freezing.
Another method is spirting. To do this, you need to put a whole piece of the root in a jar, pour in vodka and leave for 2-3 weeks.
The extracted ginger can be used for culinary purposes, and the resulting infusion will be an excellent immunostimulatory agent that can be added to tea for colds.
You can also peel the root, chop it and boil it for 10 minutes in sugar syrup. When the liquid has cooled, put it in the refrigerator and store it in this form.
Ginger is well stored in the cold, without losing its flavor and sharpness.
: growing ginger at home
As you can see, the cultivation of medicinal ginger at home is a fairly simple process, but it should be given a lot of attention.
The plant needs frequent watering, maintaining warm air temperature and low light.
As a reward you will receive an unsurpassed product, rich in healing properties and a unique aroma.
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Grow ginger at home: 2 important questions
A beautiful tropical plant can grow even a beginner florist. It does not require tremendous experience or vast areas. Ginger does not need special conditions. But before proceeding to the cultivation of a plant, you need to answer two important questions that will affect both the characteristics of planting and recommendations for care.
- For what purposes is grown culture. Ginger can be grown for healing rhizomes. But some growers appreciate the plant for its appearance, decoration.Ginger stalk resembles sedge and grows up to one meter in height. Smooth long leaves, tightly covering the shoot, reach an average of 20 cm. But the bright flowers of a very unusual shape are considered to be a real highlight of the plant.
- Where ginger will be planted. Culture can develop normally in a normal apartment. A beautiful plant is easy to grow in open ground, but in this case it is important to choose the right soil and accurately determine the time of planting.
4 recommendations for preparation
Where to start? Initially, it is necessary to prepare planting material. Acquire it is recommended immediately before boarding. To greatly simplify the preparatory stage, you can use the recommendations of professional florist. There are four tips.
- The choice of the root. Pick up the rhizome with a smooth, unwrinkled skin. Ginger should not be lethargic. choose a tuber with buds. And the more of them, the better. After all, it is from them that the sprouts will hatch.
- Disinfection. Before shipment, the product is treated with special chemicals to ensure normal delivery and protect against germination. To remove this chemistry, it is recommended to soak the tuber in water for two days. And in order to destroy the infection from the surface, you need to add a little manganese to the water, Fitosporin solution or baking soda (one teaspoon for a glass of liquid).
- Selection of soil. For the cultivation of ginger, you can use wet moss or earth. If the culture will grow in the apartment, it is better to choose sphagnum moss. If a spring plant is planned to be transplanted into open ground, then land is preferable. Ginger grown on wet moss, very hard to take root in the open spaces. For the culture of the soil used for planting vegetables. The soil can be prepared independently by combining three parts of peat and one part of clay.
- Capacity. When choosing a pot for a plant, it is necessary to take into account one peculiarity of ginger. Its roots grow along, not in depth. Therefore, the ideal container for the plant will be a wide box or pot, and not a deep one. If the ginger grows as a decorative decoration of the house, the pot should be compact enough for the culture to direct all its strength to the stem and flowers, and not to the development of rhizomes.
How to awaken the kidneys
If the decontaminated planting material is planted in the soil, then the dynamics of development will not be visible for about two months. Of course, during this time many times they will be tormented by doubts: is it possible to grow ginger at home or is it a fairy tale? To resolve this dilemma and speed up the growth process, it is necessary to wake up the kidneys before planting. On average, this procedure takes from three to four days to two weeks. Gardeners recommend two methods of sprouting sprouts.
- In the wet moss. A tall container lined with sphagnum. Ginger is put on it, necessarily kidneys up. Top cover with a thin layer of moss. All layers are watered abundantly with warm water. The container is better to put near the battery on the window.
- In water . This is a rather “exotic” method of root germination. Ginger is placed on a thin wooden stick (you can take skewers for kebabs). Then it is suspended above the container with water so that the lower part of the root is in the water. You must constantly monitor the level of fluid in the container.
Stages landing in the ground
The plant with the budded buds is fully prepared for planting in the ground. In order to grow ginger at home from the rootkill, you need to properly approach the process of planting.
Landing in the ground includes the following steps:
- Drainage system. To ensure the necessary moisture must install a drainage system. At the bottom of the pot put crushed foam or expanded clay.
- Backfilling. Drainage poured soil or sphagnum spread. It is necessary to fill two thirds of the pot. Moisturize the soil, but it should not be poured.It is better to use a spray that will evenly distribute moisture.
- Planting rhizomes. Spread whole rhizome or cut parts on the prepared soil. All kidneys must "look" up.
- Backfilling of planting material. Top on the ginger carefully, so as not to damage the sprouts, sprinkle the soil or spread moss. Topsoil should be low, about 3-5 cm.
6 rules of care
The first shoots will appear in the period from two weeks to two months. To get a strong and healthy plant, it is important to provide him with an environment close to the natural one.
- Temperature mode. Planting sprouted plants is usually carried out in mid-spring or, if planned to be grown in open ground, in winter. In order for the culture to sprout and develop normally, it is necessary to ensure the temperature in the room is +18 - + 20 ° C. If the air is cool, below +15, then the ginger will simply fall asleep. During active growth, which occurs in the summer, the plant needs +28 - + 32 ° C. Sharp drops are very dangerous to ginger. Temperature fluctuations can completely destroy the plant.
- Lighting. Tropical culture loves light. However, it does not tolerate the scorching rays of the sun. Ultraviolet rays can cause real burns on the leaves. It is better to place the plant pot on the windowsill of the western or eastern window.
- Air humidity . In its natural environment, ginger grows in tropical rain forests. For culture, sufficient moisture is important. This issue is particularly acute during heating. Ginger must be moistened daily with a spray bottle. In late autumn, when the leaves begin to turn yellow, spraying stops.
- Watering mode. The soil must be maintained in a state of constant humidity. However, do not pour ginger. Water should not stagnate in the pan. But it is also important not to allow the soil to dry out, especially during the active development of ginger. Shortened and fallen leaves signal water deficiency. In case of excessive flooding, the root system will begin to rot, the leaves will turn yellow. For irrigation, soft, settled water is used, normal room temperature. After wetting it is recommended to slightly loosen the soil.
- Plant nutrition. After the appearance of the first shoots, the feeding of a tropical culture is carried out every 10-12 days. Used for young ginger solution of mullein. You can use mineral complexes. Starting from mid-August until late autumn, potash fertilizers are introduced into the soil, alternating them with organic mixtures.
- Pruning plants. Is it necessary to prune ginger branches? It completely depends on the goals. If the plant is planted to obtain a medicinal root, then periodically it is necessary to cut the leaves so that more force is directed towards the formation of tubers. But if the main task is to get a lush ginger bush, then the “crown” should not be formed.
In mid-September, and sometimes in October-November, the leaves and stem of the plant begin to turn yellow and dry. Shoots fall apart. So ginger signals about its ripening. Watering completely stopped. The root is removed from the soil, cleaned from the soil. Then dried in the sun.
If ginger is grown in a pot to get flowers, then you should not dig up the root. All yellowed tops are removed, and the root remains in the ground. In the autumn the plant goes into sleep mode. In the autumn-winter period, it is necessary to follow simple recommendations.
- Watering. It is reduced to a minimum. However, you must constantly monitor that the soil does not dry out. It should always be slightly wet.
- Temperature. In order to ensure normal hibernation of the culture, the indoor air should be within + 10 ° C. Therefore, the pot with ginger is better to move to a dark cellar.
3 more tips to help grow ginger
Florists claim that growing ginger from the root at home is a snap. The main thing is to be patient and not to forget about your green pet. Experts recommend that when cultivating a crop, adopt the following three tips.
- Watering culture. The plant can withstand a minor drought, but excessive watering will seriously harm it. Excess water will cause the root system to rot, the healing root will be lost. Therefore, before watering, always try the ground with your finger. It is recommended to moisturize the soil after it dries.
- Place for plants. Culture will more easily carry the shadow than the scorching rays of the sun. Therefore, if the choice of places is not rich, then it is better to place the pot on a stand away from the window.
- Conditions for growth. Ginger is able to develop normally only in a warm atmosphere and does not tolerate drafts at all. Even a small wind can destroy the plant.
Tropical culture will fill the house with the amazing atmosphere of the hot southern countries. And if you know how to grow ginger at home, remember all the subtleties, you can get a healing root or wait for beautiful inflorescences. Experts give another important tip. Pruned leaves will not blow away. True gourmets recommend using them for salad. A dish from such a component will acquire a refined taste. However, it is not necessary to trim the leaves too often. The plant may react unpredictably to such aggression. Sometimes growth stops completely, both on the ground and rhizomes.
How to grow ginger in a pot: planting and caring for a plant
Accurately called the home of ginger is difficult. Some researchers believe that its natural habitat is India, others - Southeast Asia. Moreover, it is difficult to say even where he came from in our lands: from the West or the East. Today it is actively used in medicine, cooking, but for breeding at home is not always taken. It is very difficult to achieve its flowering.
Is it possible to grow ginger at home
If we are talking about the plot, the cultivation of ginger at home is possible only in Indonesia, Australia and southeastern India. Actually, therefrom usually ginger root is supplied to domestic supermarkets. But in our latitudes, it can be grown in the open ground as an annual, and then in southern latitudes.
Nevertheless, gardeners and gardeners argue that it is possible to cultivate this plant at home. That's just need to grow ginger on the windowsill.
The choice of capacity for landing
Choosing a pot for planting, note that ginger grows in breadth. This means that it is suitable shallow capacity, but with a flat bottom. From below it should be covered with a drainage layer, and it should be at least 3 cm. The plant does not like stagnant moisture, although it requires frequent watering.
What should be the soil for planting
Knowing what kind of plant is ginger, it is necessary to choose the right soil mixture for it. Some flower growers recommend taking sheet humus, sand and sod land for its preparation in equal proportions. Others claim that you can use any land for planting. The main thing is that it is not solid, but rather loose. In any case, before planting, it is recommended to mix it with fertilizer for root crops with high phosphorus content.
What should be the place of cultivation of ginger
Under natural conditions, the growth of ginger takes place in warm conditions with a lot of light. If you plant it on the site, pick up a place with high humidity, shaded, but well lit. You can land in the open sunny area, but in the middle of the day you need to plant a plant. Ginger likes a lot of diffused light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. The ideal place for its cultivation is the greenhouse.
Another question is how to plant ginger at home.In this case, it can be settled on a balcony or loggia, it will be good to feel himself in the summer on the terraces. But in this case it is necessary to ensure that the rays of the sun do not burn it.
How to choose and prepare ginger for planting
In order to succeed in the cultivation of ginger, it is important to select the planting material from the very beginning. You can buy it in any supermarket, the choice of the root must be approached carefully. It should have a smooth skin without damage, traces of rot or freezing. It is advisable that it is not very dry. Although some experts say that after soaking the root in warm water, this is no longer a problem.
The main thing is that it had escape buds. In their absence, the question of how to grow ginger, will become irrelevant - the root simply does not germinate. In fact, the root for planting is prepared by analogy with potato tubers. It should be cut so that each lobe had at least two such buds. Slices must be treated with activated charcoal, a solution of potassium permanganate or hardwood coal. Some gardeners are from division, immersing the root in water, leaving a small part of it on the surface.
Before planting, it is advisable to prepare the root for planting so that an awakened tuber is planted in the ground. This will increase the chances of success and accelerate the germination of the plant. To do this, the tuber is dipped for two to three hours in warm water, but do not forget about a large amount of light.
How to care for ginger in a pot
When the first shoots appear, it is necessary to proceed to the following rules for growing a plant. Having studied the ginger plant and all about it, you should remember that He loves moisture, warmth and a lot of light. Accordingly, it should be placed in a penumbra in a warm place and organize frequent watering. At this stage of the growing season it is important to ensure that the air temperature does not fall below 18 ° C, otherwise the root will go into “hibernation mode” and it will be difficult to wake it up again. The optimum temperature for normal plant development is 25 ° C.
How to water the plant
In the issue of watering the main thing is not to overdry the soil in which ginger grows, otherwise the plant will die. But at the same time, excess moisture is also destructive for him - the root simply rot. Therefore, watering is carried out gradually, but often. After each such event, the soil must be loosened for better circulation of moisture. An excellent plant will feel if it is periodically sprayed with a spray bottle.
Features feeding ginger
It is important to know not only how to plant ginger root, but also how to ensure its growth. To do this, it is recommended to conduct regular plant nutrition. Florists insist on regularity for normal vegetation of the plant. First advised to give organic fertilizers. At the stage of active growth it is necessary to use potash preparations, which will provide it with thick and beautiful greenery. When the plant is ready for flowering, it will require phosphate fertilizer.
A few leaves folded into a tight tube form pseudostables. Ginger rhizome is actually an underground stem, in appearance, resembling a palm. When grown under room conditions, the height of the bush is 0.7-1 m. All parts of the plant exude a refined lemon scent.
Under natural conditions, ginger grows in lowland tropical forests. This means that in the open field it can be cultivated in the zone of winter hardiness 10 (-1 to +4 ° C) and above. Ginger root appears on the shelves of domestic supermarkets due to imports from Australia, Indonesia, Southeast India. In our latitudes, ginger can be grown only in indoor conditions. Inveterate flower growers willingly undertake this business. To achieve the desired result, you must adhere to a number of recommendations.
In the southern regions you can try to cultivate as letnik.
On ships of long voyage, ginger was successfully grown in pots (as sailors saved from scurvy and other diseases). Why not try growing a healthy plant on your windowsill?
Planting dates ginger
Under natural conditions, ginger grows throughout the year and periodically produces flowering. Therefore, there is no clear time frame for planting ginger. When grown in a midland setting, planting in early spring is preferred. The process of building rhizomes takes up to six months - in the fall you can harvest.
Selection and preparation of planting material
How to plant ginger root at home
For planting, ginger root is purchased not at any specialized point of sale, but at a regular supermarket. Go to the selection carefully. The surface must be smooth, free from damage, freeze-up or rot. Preferably, the root is not very dry. Although the situation can be corrected by soaking in warm water. The most important thing is the presence of escape buds.
There are two options for the preparation of planting material:
- Cut the root into lobes (a pair of sections, each of which must have at least 2 growth buds). The slices need to be processed. To do this, for 10-15 minutes, keep in solution of potassium permanganate or sprinkle with crushed activated carbon.
- Some refuse the procedure of division. Instead, ginger root is placed in warm water for 2-3 hours, and bright refreshment is required. Sometimes the following happens: if the ginger root lies in a warm room with bright lighting, sprouts begin to appear.
Suitable capacity and soil for growing ginger
Planting ginger at home technology secrets
Note that the rhizome grows in breadth - take a wide, almost flat pot or container. To ensure removal of moisture from the roots, be sure to place a drainage layer (expanded clay, pebbles) on the bottom, and its thickness should be at least 3 cm.
As for the soil, it should be light, loose, waterproof and breathable. You can take a universal soil for growing vegetables. Soil mixture is also suitable: sand, leaf and sod land in equal proportions. In any case, be sure to add fertilizer for root crops (in them an increased proportion of phosphorus).
Place for growing ginger
As a tropical plant, ginger needs to provide warmth and ample light. Avoid direct sunlight. When growing in open ground, pick up a well-lit area, but with shading at midday hours.
An ideal place to grow is a greenhouse.
When grown in room conditions, it is advisable to move the container with plantings with the onset of heat (end of May-beginning of June) to fresh air (balcony, shower, garden). Protect from strong winds, do not forget about the right lighting. In early autumn, return to the room.
How to care for ginger at home
- For normal growth, it is important to ensure a balanced watering: do not allow the soil to dry out or to overmoisten. It is better to water more often, bringing water in small portions.
- Periodic spraying from the sprayer will favorably affect the condition of the plant.
- To ensure the access of oxygen to the roots, it is necessary to loosen the soil after watering.
- The plant needs regular feeding. Every 2-3 weeks make complex mineral fertilizers. At the beginning of the growing season, focus on potassium, increase the proportion of phosphorus before flowering.
Fresh ginger root should be stored in a dark, dry, well-ventilated place with air temperature within 2-4 ° C (suitable basement, vegetable section of the refrigerator). Under these conditions, ginger root retains freshness for 3-4 months.
There is a storage option in the freezer. Consider that during freezing, most of the healing properties are lost.In fact, you will get a spice that just gives the dishes a pleasant taste.
You can dry: cut the root into slices (“chips”), dry and store in a sealed package at room temperature. Shelf life of about six months. Dried ginger has a more pungent flavor and rich aroma. Before use, it should be soaked in water (pour boiled water and wait about 6 hours).
Ginger growing at home: we get flowering
How ginger blooms photo
Ginger has a beautiful flowering: a bright lush flower towers on a long peduncle.
- If the purpose of cultivation is to obtain flowering, first of all it is necessary to limit the space for root growth - choose a pot that is not large in volume.
- Provide the above growing conditions (warm air temperature, moderate watering, spraying), but do not dig out the rhizome for the winter after the stem withers. "Sleeping" roots need minimal watering.
- With the resumption of growth in the spring, continue the usual care, feed fertilizer for ornamental flowering plants.
- Soon the plants will release flower stalks and you will be able to see the flowering of an exotic plant at home.
Is it possible to grow ginger at home?
At first glance, it is easiest to buy root or ginger powder in the store. But then you can not be sure of its ecological purity. Growing a root vegetable at home will allow you to personally choose the soil and fertilizing, control the entire process, thereby ensuring the safety of eating.
Growing ginger from the root at home requires the re-creation of a microclimate close to the root-growing climatic zone of West Africa, Jamaica, Barbados or southern Asia. However, it is easy and cultivation of ginger in the open field or in a pot is available to all.
How to grow from the root?
How to grow ginger at home from the root? Sprouting is not from the seeds, but from the roots. Criteria for a healthy clubhouse:
- it must be fresh and have a smooth, glossy skin,
- have buds similar to potato eyes.
The root is planted in April. After a fortnight there is a shoot that grows into stems 70-100 cm high with narrow, hard leaves. The success of cultivation depends on maintaining the necessary conditions of detention.
It looks like suitable for planting ginger root
Required conditions for breeding ginger plant
Few people know how to grow ginger at home. In nature, it grows in the tropics in a humid, hot climate. In order to obtain a plant from the ginger root plant at home, the cultivation must take place in accordance with the following parameters:
- temperature condition: 15-32 C,
- high humidity,
- good lighting,
- bright but diffused light
- soil acidity 6 pH.
Healthy fresh root and sore leaves the kidneys in a warm and bright place. To stimulate the growth of the kidneys, before planting, the root can be placed in warm water for 2-4 hours. It is unacceptable to heat it in the oven even at low temperatures, as this dries the root.
As in the home garden, and in the pot is a root jar or part of it is placed in the soil with buds up and covered with 2-3 cm of soil.
In the open ground
How to grow ginger in the garden? To create suitable conditions for growing in open ground, you must:
- choose a suitable landing place for lighting,
- to bring the soil to normal,
- provide the necessary temperature conditions
- take care of the humidity of the air and soil
- fertilize as needed.
Outside the tropics, growing ginger in a country house in the open field is possible only in the summer months, when the night temperature does not fall below 15 C. Planting in greenhouses will help protect the plant from hypothermia. In addition, the greenhouse will create and maintain moisture, shelter from the wind and the scorching sun.
The soil, in addition to acidity in pH 6, must have good air and water permeability:
In hard, lumpy soil, water stagnates and the risk of rotting a root jelly is high. To improve the drainage qualities of the site selected for cultivation, sand, crushed stone or pebbles are poured at the bottom of the pit.
In the period from planting to shoot shoot the plant is rarely watered. During active growth, ginger requires a lot of water. With poor watering, the roots grow poorly.
Growing ginger at home requires regular spraying. Dry air can cause the spider mite, one of the few pests that a plant is exposed to. You can find it with a magnifying glass, and the web created by the mite is clearly visible when spraying.
Ginger becomes pale, yellowish-brown spots appear on the leaves, increasing in size. Lime ticks will help spraying with special solutions against pests and maintaining high humidity.
Once a week, the bed should be loosened and weeded from weeds.
In order for the plant to receive the necessary amount of mineral substances at home, phosphoric fertilizers should be added to the soil 1-2 times a month.
Ginger uses both roots and leaves. When pruning leaves, keep in mind that removing the green part of the plant slows down the growth of the roots.
The vegetative period of the plant lasts from April to August, and its activity depends on the temperature regime:
- 27–33 С: active growth,
- 16–20 С: attenuation of vegetative functions,
Before planting ginger at home in a pot, you need to know if such cultivation is possible. Planting and caring for a plant on the plot is possible only in Indonesia, Australia and south-east India. In our country, you can properly plant and grow ginger in open soil only as an annual in southern latitudes. Nevertheless, experts and amateurs argue that it is quite possible to put ginger at home correctly. To do this, it must be grown on a windowsill with all the necessary tools.
The first thing you need to choose the right pot for planting. It is necessary to choose a container of small height, but with a flat and wide bottom, since ginger grows wide. At the bottom of the pot it is necessary to pour a drainage layer with a height of about 3-4 centimeters.
For the cultivation of ginger is best to use special soil mixture, which includes different types of soil. The most popular option is the use of leaf humus, sand and sod land. They must be taken in equal proportions. However, some experts argue that for the cultivation of ginger fit any land. The main condition is a low density and friability.
If we talk about the natural environment in which ginger feels comfortable, then around the plant should be maintained as warm as possible with plenty of light. It is best to plant the plant in a shady place with high humidity. There should be good lighting. If it is decided to plant ginger in the open sun, then in the middle of each day you need to shade the plant so that it does not dry out.
Ginger feels great in conditions of diffused lighting, from which he takes the necessary substances for development. However, direct sunlight affects the plant rather poorly. According to experts, a well-equipped greenhouse is an ideal place to grow ginger root.
The whole procedure of growing this plant can be divided into three main stages:
- Preparing the pot and roots.
- Planting procedure and care during the developmental period.
- Harvesting and storage.
If we are talking about an apartment or a private house in which you want to grow a plant, a balcony or a loggia is best suited.In this case, it is necessary to regularly ensure that the plant does not get burns when exposed to sunlight.
In Russia, the harvest of ginger comes in the fall. The plant develops within six months, so the best period for planting are the winter months. First you need to choose the planting material, which will be placed in the soil. The root can be purchased at any supermarket, carefully inspecting all the options until you select a quality one. It should have a smooth skin without mechanical damage on the surface, traces of rot and re-freezing.
It is best to choose a slightly wet root., but the problem of dry ginger can be easily solved by soaking in ordinary warm water for a few minutes. The main condition for choosing a root is the presence of buds on it. If they are missing, such a plant will not germinate anyway. Preparation of the root should be done by analogy with potatoes. It is cut so that each lobe was 2-3 shoots buds.
After that, you can begin the procedure of planting the root in the ground. To do this, it is placed in a previously prepared substrate eyes up. The immersion depth should not exceed 3 centimeters. The next step is to water the plant and put it in a shaded place. The temperature should be around 15 ° C. After about 1-2 weeks, the first shoots begin to appear. If this did not happen, an error was made at one of the stages. Perhaps the infertile root was chosen.
Care when growing
When the first shoots seem to light, you can proceed to the next stages of cultivation. As mentioned earlier, ginger attracts moisture, heat and diffused light. In this regard, it is necessary to place the pot in a warm place with penumbra, as well as organize the correct irrigation system.
The temperature of the air at the beginning of the cultivation should not fall below 18 ° C. Otherwise, the plant will begin to defend and go into hibernation mode. The most appropriate temperature for proper development should be 25–26 ° C. At home, you can grow ginger up to 100 centimeters. This is possible in the case of proper care and selection of all the necessary tools. Each part of the plant has a pleasant lemon scent.
It is necessary to approach watering of ginger most carefully, not allowing the soil to dry out. Excess water is also not needed. In both cases, the plant may die. After each watering, it is recommended to slightly loosen the ground, so that the moisture circulates better. If desired, you can make the plant a variety of feeding.
- Nitrogen - allows you to improve the growth of foliage plants.
- Phosphorus - stimulates the proper development of the root system.
- Potassium - helps to form buds on time.