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Montepulciano grapes from Italy: a description of the variety, its characteristics and characteristics, pest control and photos

Montepulciano - a red grape variety cultivated along the east coast of Italy, in the regions of Abruzzo, Marche, Molise and Apulia, as well as in Umbria and Lazio. One of the most common grape varieties in Italy, vineyards occupy about 35 thousand hectares.

Montepulciano variety should not be confused with Nobile di Montepulciano wine (Nobile di Montepulciano), which is made from Sangiovese.

Abruzzo is considered the birthplace of Montepulciano, more precisely that part of the region, which is adjacent to the mountain peak of Maiella. In Abruzzo, landings Montepulciano occupy 50% of the total area.

About Montepulciano mentioned Pliny the Elder, numerous sources of the XVIII century indicate that this variety was distributed in Abruzzo already in those times. But only ampelography in 1875 differentiated montepulciano from Sangiovese and Punjolo Gentili (Sangiovese from Nobile di Montepulciano).

Montepulciano loves hills with loamy soil, hot and dry climate.
Montepulciano produces both varietal and assembled wines.

Montepulciano wines have a rich, dark ruby ​​color.
The main flavors are lycra, cherry, wet earth, spices, especially black pepper, cocoa tones and tobacco. Montepulciano wines are solid, with well integrated acidity and not too aggressive tannins.

In Abruzzo Montepulciano is the king among the red grapes. Previously, most of the wines from this variety were sold in bulk, but over the past decades the quality has increased. The number of wines produced in the DOC category has tripled in 20 years (from 1990 to 2010).
In the coastal area of ​​Teramano (Montepulciano d’Abruzzo DOCG) wines are full-bodied and full-bodied, with aromas of wild herbs, fruits and earthy tones.

A separate paragraph deserve the pink wines from Montepulciano d'Abruzzo - Montepulciano Cerasuolo, which are distinguished by cherry color, fresh fruit flavors and good structure.

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teramane DOCG 90-100%
Montepulciano d'Abruzzo - Doc - 85-100%
Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Cerasuolo - Doc - 85-100%
Controguerra Rosso - Doc - 60-100%
Tullum (Rosso, Riserva, Passito e Novello) - Doc - 90-100%
Abruzzo Rosso Doc 80-100%

In Marche, Montepulciano can be found in Conero wines, they have a fruity character, with a high proportion of spices and iodine sea note. In the south of the region, near the town of Ascoli Piceno, Montepulciano is used in assemblage with Sangiovese. The wines are even more fruity and warm. In general, Montepulciano wines from Marche can be described as intensely fruity, with marine influence.

Conero Rosso DOCG - 85-100%
Rosso Piceno - Doc - 35-70%
Colli Maceratesi - Doc - 0-50%
Esino Rosso - Doc - 60-100%
Offida Rosso - Doc - 50-100%

Other regions of Italy

Umbria
Torgiano Rosso DOCG - 0-30%
Colli Amerini Rosso e Rosato - Doc - 0-35%
Colli Perugini - Doc - 0-35%
Lago di Corbara - Doc - 0-30%
Rosso Orvietano - Doc - 70-100%

Apulia
Castel del Monte Rosso Riserva DOCG - 35-100%
Cacc'e Mmitte di Lucera - Doc - 0-35%
Gioia del Colle Rosso - Doc - 40-50%
Leverano Rosso e Rosato - Doc - 0-40%
Lizzano Rosso e Rosato - Doc - 0-40%
San Severo Rosso e Rosato - Doc - 70-100%

Lazio
Castelli Romani Rosso- Doc - 85-100%
Cerveteri Rosso - Doc - 25-60%
Colli della Sabina Rosso - Doc - 15-40%
Colli Etruschi Viterbesi Rosso - Doc - 20-45%
Cori Rosso - Doc - 40-60%
Tarquinia Rosso - Doc - 60-100%
Velletri Rosso - Doc - 30-40%

Molise
Biferno Rosso e Rosato - Doc - 60-70%
Molise Rosso - Doc - 85-100%
Pentro di Isernia Rosso - Doc - 45-55%

Several well-known manufacturers:

Valentini, Montepulciano d’Abruzzo d.o.c.
Oasi degli Angeli, Kurni Marche Rosso i.g.t.
Emidio pepe, Montepulciano d’Abruzzo d.o.c.
Cantina tollo, Montepulciano d’Abruzzo d.o.p. Riserva
La valentina, Spelt Montepulciano D’Abruzzo d.o.c.
Torre dei beati, Cocciapazza Montepulciano d’Abruzzo d.o.c.
Gianni masciarelli Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Marina Cvetic
Cataldi madonna
Tenuta ulisse Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Nativae
Dino illuminati Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Colline Teramane Pieluni Ris.
Villa medoro Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Colline Teramane Adrano
Castorani Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Podere Castorani Ris.
Ciccio zaccagnini Montepulciano d’Abruzzo S. Clemente Ris.

The site is intended for persons over 18 years old. Remember that only moderate consumption of wine is good for health!

What kind is it?

"Montepulciano" - technical table subspecies of red grapes. Used mainly in the bouquet of young red wines.Montepulciano d’Abruzzo.

Valued winegrowers for a rich tart fruity taste, unobtrusively sweet with sour and blackberry notes in the aftertaste.

The technical red varieties include Monarch, Baikonur and Relines.

Transport and storage makes well. Late maturation. In its fresh form it is used less often - berries are rather small, not particularly sweet, but with sour and tart notes in a bouquet and a tangible blackberry aftertaste, which not everyone likes.

Proven varieties for the production of wines are considered Krasin, Tempranillo and Muscat White.

Historical information and manufacturer

The name "Montepulciano" has nothing to do with the eponymous small town in the Italian province of Tuscany. The grapes were never grown near this city, although several plantations of the variety were broken in Tuscany in the ancient Roman period.

The first historical report on Montepulciano grapes in Abruzzo was found in documents from archivist King Ferdinand IV in 1793. Archivist Michele Torsia, during his trip to the Italian provinces in 1792, met the vine, tasted the wine and left an enthusiastic entry in the book Saggio Itinerario Nazionale pel Paese dei Peligni (“National route in the country of Peligny”), although he wrote about the plantations of beautiful grapes in Abruzzo More Pliny the Elder.

Montepulciano was cultivated throughout central and southern Italy, but the most delicious wine of this variety was produced in the Abruzzo region. Vineyards were scattered throughout the region, stretched along the mountains, reaching down to the Adriatic coast. The soil is clay, giving the grapes a unique taste.

The warm sun shines over this part of the land all summer, and the gentle breeze from the Adriatic Sea provides a favorable climate. All this has become an advantage for growing vines in this region.

The grapes in Abruzzo grew juicy, with bright skin. Because of this, the wine received a rich color and deep taste with a characteristic moderate acidity. The drink quickly became popular among the Italian and then the European aristocracy.

Montepulciano grapes cultivated in Abruzzo for more than two centuries. This region is considered to be the birthplace of the drink, which is why Montepulciano d’Abruzzo was called. Today, half the vine of this variety is grown in Abruzzo.

Wine "Montepulciano": description and reviews

Winemakers in many countries will tell you that the best drink is obtained from the berries, the vines of which grew in the land of a long time. Of course, in the modern world there appeared a fashion for the French varieties: merlot, chardonnay, cabernet and sauvignon.

But let's leave them to those areas where the grapes were traditionally not grown: Chile, New Zealand, California. In Italy, growing French vines, accustomed to a cool and rainy climate, is a waste of time and energy.

Therefore, in the country continue to cultivate varieties, known in the days of ancient Rome. These are Sangiovese (Jupiter’s blood) and Montepulciano.

The last and will be devoted to our article. We will consider an interesting history of the variety, and we will also advise you on which Montepulciano wine to choose. The vines are cultivated along the entire eastern coast of Italy: in Molise, Marche, Apulia to the very south, Lazio and Umbria. But where does this variety show itself especially brightly and nobly?

Some confusion in the names

The grape variety and the drink from it have nothing to do with the small town of Montepulciano in Tuscany, a province on the west coast of Italy. This village was founded by the Etruscan king Lars Persenna.

Since then, residents of Mont-Mercury (which was later renamed Mont-Politianus) were engaged in winemaking. The fruit of their labors was in the early twentieth century a noble drink, which glorified the city. “Nobile (aristocratic) from Montepulciano” - this was the name given to him by master Adam Fanetti.

And in one thousand nine hundred and eightieth year this wine received the highest classification in Italy - DOCG.

The drink is definitely very good, frankly, excellent. With one caveat: the wine "Nobile di Montepulciano" is made from the Sangiovese variety, produced only in the Tuscan town. In our article we will discuss the grape variety and wine obtained from its berries - “montepulciano”.

Drink history

Even Pliny the Elder mentioned that in the mountainous region of Abruzzo they grow wonderful grapes. It is believed that the variety is home to the Valle Peligna, located in the heart of the mountain region. This variety loves a dry hot climate and a bit of clay soil on the hillsides.

The very first record about him in historical documents refers to one thousand seven hundred and ninety-second year. Michele Torchia, the archivist of King Ferdinand the Fourth, noted that in Sulmont (Valle Pelinha) they make the finest wine from a local grape variety. They have now seated more than half of the acreage in the region - thirty-five thousand hectares.

Around the end of the nineteenth century, berries began to grow in the coastal areas of Abruzzo. There, the drink got a new sound. And when the classification of drinks was adopted in Italy in 1968, the Montepulciano wine received the first DOC (Montepulciano d’Abruzzo). Particularly popular in the country scored after the end of the Second World War.

Description of the Montepulciano grape variety

Bush is different average tall. A cluster of medium size, cylindrical-conical, winged, moderately dense. Harsh is rare.

Such varieties as Anthony the Great, Galben Nou and Helios are not susceptible to peas.

The berry is also small (about 8 g), oval, blue-black with a violet shade. The skin is quite dense, medium thickness, eaten.

The leaves are dark green, small, five-lobed, strongly-dissected, with pubescence from below. Hermaphrodite flowers. Matured sprout saturated brick color with ruby ​​knots. The stem is light green, relatively long, strong.

When creating wine from Montepulciano grapes, it is often combined with Sangiovese, Merlot and others.

Below are photos of Montepulciano grapes:

Breeding history

Variety of geographical names. They grow Montepulciano throughout the south of Italy - mainly Abruzzo, Puglia, Marche, Umbria. In the north of the country almost never occurs.

He is very thermophilic, loves the south, will not tolerate the winter of the middle zone. Sometimes found also in Ukraine, Moldova, in the Crimea. In the world, this variety is grown in Australia, even the United States. In Russia, with the exception of certain areas of the south of the newly-acquired Crimean peninsula, there is no information about the cultivation of the variety.

Among the heat-loving varieties, you should pay attention to Hadji Murat, Ruta and Gordey.

Specifications

Differs in regular and high-quality fruiting. Resilient to rot, rarely affected by bacterial cancer.

But weakly resists powdery mildew, both real and false (oidiumu and mildew).

From the wasp attack suffers little. Not afraid of spring frosts, rain. The yield of grapes "Montepulciano" is always above average, stable. Mandatory pruning for six to eight eyes, with a rate of 35-40 bush.

Diseases and pests

Wasps are poorly versed in grapes and almost all peck. Birds do not understand at all. Therefore, in both cases, the grapes will be saved by the nets — a tough shelter from birds, and we pack the bags from the wasps into special bags. They allow the fruits to breathe in the sun and wind, but do not allow the wasps to reach them.

All nests of striped aggressors must be found and destroyed; it is also useful to place sticky insecticidal traps.

Another weak point of the "Italian" - resistance to powdery mildewrather instability. This is a real nightmare of all growers in Europe. If you attack "not notice", the consequences for your vineyard will be disastrous. The antennae, young shoots, leaves, inflorescences are affected, and if the disease affects the berry, it will no longer be suitable for eating, nor, especially, wine or jam.

In addition to processing drugs, bushes need proper care. Feeding should be, but do not overdo it with fertilizers, where the percentage is high nitrogen and phosphorus. Also, the bushes should definitely thin out, remove unnecessary shoots and stepchildren, clean the leaves around the clusters of leaves.

As for anthracnose, chlorosis, bacteriosis, rubella and bacterial cancer, it does not hurt to take measures to prevent these diseases.

As you can see, "Montepulciano" - very capricious grade. Not only loves the southern climate, so also have to make efforts to protect it from fungi. But if you do not regret your efforts and efforts, the reward will not keep you waiting - the stream of customers wanting to get hold of elite red wine or seedlings will not run out to your estate.

Description Montepulciano d Abruzzo

Montepulciano grape is a medium-sized red vine with large five-pointed leaves, compact, and takes on a pyramidal shape during growth. The berries are bright red with thick skin, slightly ovoid.

Italian wine Montepulciano d’Abruzzo is an aromatic strong drink, characterized by a pronounced taste with a light sourness and a rich dark ruby ​​color, which with age takes on a purple hue. The drink has a perceptible spicy and earthy notes, which is why it is often called “village” in its homeland. Wine is often drunk young, when the shutter speed reaches 5-6 months. However, the best specimens are aged in oak barrels for about 3 years.

Montepulciano species

Montepulciano grapes are grown in many regions of the country. Each region produces its own drink under a common brand. However, only three varieties of recognized quality wines are recognized:

  1. Montepulciano d’Abruzzo doc. Wine with a mild flavor and fruity notes. The color of the drink is pomegranate, the tannins are average. A blend of 75% consists of grapes of the same name variety. Most often, this species is consumed six months after picking berries.
  2. Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Cerasuolo DOC. This wine is made from vine, which is grown in Abruzzo. Although this variety is marked "rose wine", the color of the drink is cherry. The taste is bright, with fruity notes and a nutty aftertaste. The drink is made almost entirely from Montepulciano vine, only 5-10% of other varieties are allowed. The wine is aged in wooden barrels for a year, and then sent to ripen in bottles.
  3. Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Colline Teramane DOCG. This variety is produced only in the province of Teramo and consists entirely of Montepulciano grapes. The drink has a rich pomegranate color and a unique fruity taste with spicy notes and a chocolate aftertaste. This taste gives it an aging in chestnut barrels. Most often this species is kept for one year. However, for elite varieties exposure is three years.

How and with what to use

Soft red wine is combined with a large number of dishes. However, the characteristic Montepulciano sourness and spicy aftertaste are best complemented by salty dishes. It goes well with meat dishes flavored with aromatic spices.

Italians themselves like to serve pasta wine with red tomato sauce. Montepulciano d’Abruzzo is also served with cheese slices, mushroom dishes, chocolate or coffee desserts. The drink goes well with homemade food, which is prepared for friends, guests and relatives. However, elite specimens are usually served with delicious and expensive restaurant dishes.

Requirements for DOC wines

The wine zone does not cover the entire mountain range of Abruzzo, but only four small regions: Teramo, Pescara, L’Aquila and Chieti. A good Montepulciano wine must meet the following criteria:

  • planting vines should not exceed a height of five hundred meters above sea level (600 m is allowed on the southern slopes)
  • grapes should not grow in the lowlands.

DOC is divided into five subregions: Terre di Casauria, dei Vestini, Alto Tirino, Peligny and Teate. In these subzones, wine production is regulated by special rules. Until two thousand and ten, DOC included rosé wines. They were made with the addition of Montepulciano red grapes.Now pink wines from Abruzzo are allocated in a separate DOC Cerasuolo d’Abruzzo.

It is worth saying that the taste of berries and drink is primarily influenced by the climate, which is formed by mountains and the close proximity of the sea. Clay soils are also important.

Wine "Montepulciano d'Abruzzo"

What is the drink from this mountainous region is considered the most sophisticated? In two thousand and three, such a special terroir was found. This is a small area in the north of Abruzzo, which was allocated to the DOCG (the highest classification of wines in Italy). It is called Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Colline Teramane. Wines from this territory are only red and often monosortovymi.

Drinks from the subzone Terre di Casauria are 100% Montepulciano. In the Dei Vestini and the Theater, the addition of other varieties is allowed not more than 10%, and in Alto Tirino - 5%.

Table red wine "Montepulciano" begin to sell in the spring following the harvest of the year. Vintage drinks are aged up to eighteen months.

Moreover, three-quarters of the time wine ripening in barrels, and then still bottled in cool cellars.

Mono-sort and assorted beverages from Terre Peligny have the longest exposure time of two years. Of these, they spend nine months in barrels.

Montepulciano wine: famous brands

Let's start the review with table drinks. A bottle of “Tini Montepulciano d’Abruzzo” harvest of two thousand and fifteenth year will be a good accompaniment to a meal of pasta carbonara or meat dishes. Price - four hundred and forty rubles for 0.75 liters. The cost of drinks varies considerably depending on the manufacturer.

The same young wine of 2015 “Fontegaya Montepulciano d’Abruzzo” is almost 1.5 times more expensive and costs 590 r. If the price of a thousand rubles does not scare you, try the brand "Podere".

Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Riserva will be a chic gift and a real gourmet treat. This drink is produced by the family firm Masharelli Marina Tsvetich (Masciarelli Marina Cvetić). The drink is classified as DOC.

He is especially good from grapes harvest two thousand and eleventh year.

Introduction

Montepulciano is a medium-density red wine made from grapes of the same name. However, there is no connection between the name of these berries and a small town in the Tuscan region (Montepulciano), which is also famous for its wine. Wine Nobile di Montepulciano is a different kind of drink produced from raw materials of Sangiovese variety.

History reference

According to the documents, Montepulciano grape variety has been cultivated in Abruzzo since time immemorial. However, it received its current name only in the 17th century.

The origin originates in Greece and, accordingly, has in common with other varieties of black grapes. There is a version that this name was given to him by mistake.

Tuscan traders thought it was a Sangiovese grape variety that came to Abruzzo from Montepulciano in Tuscany.

The beginning of the nineteenth century is the beginning of the new history of Montepulciano d’Abruzzo, a time when the vine was brought from the mountains to the Adriatic Sea and was grown on hills and plains.

The 50s became a period when the first distillers believed in the success of a Montepulciano grape drink. The discoverer of the fame of modern Montepulciano wine is Eduardo Valentini. He was the first to produce wines with the label Montepulciano d’Abruzzo. He seemed to foresee the future assignment of this category of DOC to this drink (when called after the place of origin).

This is how the Montepulciano Nobile wine, which became one of the first DOC category beverages in the Abruzzo region, appeared. Many years have passed since the day of its appearance, but manufacturers have changed almost nothing in its manufacturing technology. The percentage of winemakers attempting to improve quality is very small.

1995 was the birth year of Colline Teramane Montepulciano d’Abruzzo. In 2003, this product received the DOCG quality mark - the very first drink in the Montepulciano family of wines with this category.

Origin

Raw materials for this famous wine are mainly collected in the northern region of the region, which includes Pescara and Teramo. According to the documents, the maximum yield does not exceed 40 centners per hectare.

The grapes of medium size, give a lot of juice, the color of which varies from dark purple to deep ruby.

According to reviews of many wine lovers, it has a lower acidity, especially in comparison with other Italian varieties, and moderate tannins.

Varieties category DOC, DOCG

In fact, Italy is famous for a large assortment of wines from Montepulciano grape variety, but only three of this family have received quality marks.

Dry red wine Montepulciano d’Abruzzo (DOC) is a wine that has a rich ruby ​​color and eventually acquires a garnet hue. The smell of this drink is fruity and floral with a hint of spice.

Medium tannins combined with a mild and dry taste.

Almost always it is made from the grape variety of the same name, in rare cases it is partially replaced (15%) by Sangiovese grapes, also produced in Abruzzo.

Frequent use of this wine product is young - at the age of only 6-8 months after the grape harvest. And here, for example, Montepulciano marked Riserva (Riserva) must be kept for at least 30 months, 9 of which the drink must be drawn in wooden barrels. alcohol is 12%.

Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Cerasuolo (DOC) is a rose wine made from raw materials grown in the provinces of Abruzzo: Chieti, L’Aquila, Pescara and Teramo.

It has a cherry red color and intense fruity flavor. Harmonious dry and mild taste, after which there is a gentle almond aftertaste.

The percentage of the grape of the Montepulciano variety is about 85% and above, Sangiovese - no more than 15%. Alcohol is about 11.5%.

Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Colline Teramane DOCG is a wine drink whose production is allowed only in one province of Abruzzo - Teramo. The share of Montepulciano grape variety is about 90-100%.

It has an intense, ruby ​​color with a barely noticeable purple hue, which eventually becomes garnet. Essential aroma with a hint of red fruits, chocolate and spices. The taste is strong, dry and at the same time velvety and harmonious. The minimum total acidity is 4.5 g / l.

At the time the product entered the market, the age of the wine was about one year in the regular version and 3 years in the Riserv version. And surely within one year the drink “matures” in barrels of chestnut or oak. Alcohol is 12.5%.

The best Italian brands that produce wine from Montepulciano grapes are the following: Fattoria La Valentina, Chiusa Grande, Francesco Cirelli, Lepore, Buccicatino, De Angelis Corvi.

Gastronomic Union - what do you drink wine with?

Montepulciano d’Abruzzo red dry wines are usually in perfect harmony with various products. However, it is worth noting that pronounced tannins and herbal notes require saltier dishes.

An excellent pair for wine will be the following meat dishes: meat pizza, grilled pork, grilled beef breast, meatloaf, and beef cutlets with mushrooms. But most of all combined with this wine are strong flavors (goat or lamb meat).

Montepulciano Riserva is a wonderful companion of the Ossobuco dish in Milan, most often young wine served with oily fish. It goes well with wine and pasta with Parmesan cheese, potatoes, mushrooms, mature cheeses and black beans.

The following seasonings tint the taste of any dish: thyme, oregano, rosemary, coriander, sage, cumin, black pepper, balsamic vinegar. As a dessert for wine you should choose dishes with chocolate or coffee flavor.

Difference from Nobile Montepulciano

Two Montepulciano sorts confuse many people (Montepulciano d'Abruzzo (made in Abruzzo) and Nobile di Montepulciano (made in Montepulciano). Many even think that it is the same drink. However, these are two opposite sorts of wine. Nobile wine is produced Montepulciano in another region - Tuscany, in the town of Montepulciano.

This wine is 70% grape varieties Sangiovese. Nobile has a light ruby ​​color. Tuscan drink is enriched with shades such as citrus and vanilla. Gastronomy is the same, but less aromatic meat (pork, beef) and medium-aged cheeses are more suitable for Nobile.

Conclusion

Undoubtedly, Montepulciano is a pearl wine in the huge family of Italian wines.

Probably, life, in its hedonistic sense, is worth it to taste this nectar of the gods, to feel the full range of tastes and aromas created in the Italian open spaces from the magnificent grape variety Montepulciano.

Spend your next vacation in Italy and taste this luxurious wine! And may your life be as rich as the color of grape juice.

Features of Italian wine Barbera

Barbera is an Italian red grape variety, as of 2000, the third most popular in its homeland (after Sangiovese and Montepulciano).

It is famous for its rich color, high acidity and low tannin content.

The word “barbera” itself is translated from Italian as “the barber’s wife”, but this fact is nowhere mentioned in the description of the variety, apparently a coincidence or a homonym.

Some vineyards still have vines, whose age is in the hundreds of years. These berries produce a long ripening strong red wine with an intense fruity aroma.

The most famous appellason is DOCG Barbera d’Asti in Piedmont. In this region, in a wine made from Barbera grapes, notes of fresh cherries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, cherries are felt.

Aging in barrels of baked oak enriches the bouquet with tones of vanilla and dried fruit.

It is believed that the Barbera variety appeared precisely in Piedmont, in the area of ​​Montferrat, as early as the XIII century. This name appears in the monastic documents of 1246-1277.

However, there is an alternative point of view that the slightly more eastern region, Lombardy, is the birthplace of the variety. In the 19th and 20th centuries, waves of Italian émigrés were brought to Barber in America, and since then the variety has been cultivated in California and Argentina.

DNA studies show that these grapes may be related to the Mourvedre species.

Barbera - very productive variety

Features varieties and wines

Barbera is an unpretentious variety, characterized by such a high yield that sometimes it is necessary to specially cut the vines in order to maintain a decent quality of the drink. Italian winemakers have come to the conclusion that the yield should not exceed 45 l / ha, the only way to get a truly aromatic and exquisite wine.

Berries ripen well on different soils, especially limestone and clay. Crop harvested in late September - early October. Sometimes grapes are left on the vines a little longer so that it reaches a higher sugar content.

From Barbera it turns out very sour and tart wine. To compensate for these properties, the berries are often blended with other grape varieties (Freiza, Grignolino, Dolcetto, and others), and fermentation and aging take place in oak barrels, which increases the concentration of tannins.

Wine regions of Barbera

DOCG Asti. The local wine has an elegant and sophisticated taste. Here, Barber is rarely diluted with other varieties, its mass fraction is not less than 90%, and more often - all 100%. Drink aged from 4 to 24 months.

Sub-region Asti - DOCG Nizza. The hottest appellason, the berries are ripe, sugary, and the wine - tannin, with floral nuances. Local Barber stand from 18 to 30 months.

DOC Monferrato. In addition to the usual in this region produce sparkling Barber, rarely exported, and still wines are different vegetable nuances in the bouquet. The minimum shutter speed is 14 months.

DOC ALBA. The region supplies wine with a rich taste and deep color. Drinks are characterized by notes of vanilla and plum, as well as exposure from 12 months.

DOC Colli Tortonesi. Hilly terrain with limestone soils, Barbera here turns creamy "velvety."

Italian regions of Barber wine production

In Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna, the Barbera variety is used in blends with Croatina grapes, in Sardinia Sarda wine is made from it (SARDA), and in Sicily this variety is mixed with Perricone berries. Barbera played a significant role in restoring the Apulia and Campania regions after World War II — the high yield of the variety, its unpretentiousness and quick adaptation to the mechanized harvesting could have been very useful.

In addition to Italy, Barber is also cultivated in Greece, Romania, Slovenia, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Israel, Australia, South Africa and the United States. The resulting wines differ little from their Italian counterparts. This is due to the peculiarities of the variety, which depend little on the climate and production technology.

How to drink Barber's wine

Like most red species, this wine is served at a temperature of 18-20 degrees. The drink goes well with meat, hot dishes and cheeses. However, more accurate recommendations can be given only to a specific brand (gastronomic pairs indicate on the label), since each manufacturer seeks to make their wine unique.

Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Rocca Ventosa Cantina Tollo - Montepulciano d’Abruzzo Rocca Ventosa Cantina Tollo

1.RoccaVentosa - Rocca Ventosa - the name of the wine line winery Toll.

2.Montepulcianod ’AbruzzoDOP - name controlled by origin, Montepulciano d’Abruzzo.

Montepulciano d’Abruzzo - wine name by grape variety and winemaking area. In other countries, the names of wines are used either one or the other, but in Italy it is not uncommon to meet both indicators, since in one region it is allowed to produce wine from various varieties.

Low-cost red dry wines are produced from Montepulciano grapes in Abruzzo, in which the combination of moderate acid and tannins with a pleasant taste and bouquet can certainly attract the attention of lovers.

In this region on the sea coast the climate is Mediterranean - hot and dry, and in the vast mountainous area - continental. The alternation of daytime heat with nighttime coolness gives the grapes a special aroma.

DOP - Denominazione di Origine Protetta - the name protected by origin is a category of wine.

Wines of this category are made from grapes grown in officially recognized vineyards located in geographically defined wine-growing regions.

Since 1990, in some regions DOC set standards for the basic characteristics of wine - color, aroma, taste. Compliance with these standards is monitored by a special tasting commission.

3.CantinaTollo - Cantina Tollo - the name of the manufacturer.

Cantina Tollo is a good example of a successful project that has arisen due to the enthusiasm of several farms. In 1960, this cooperative united 19 winemakers, and today it already has 1,200 partners.

They themselves say that they are united by the idea of ​​finding a balance between innovations, the introduction of modern technologies and the preservation of the centuries-old winemaking traditions of this region.

The success of this strategy has been recognized in both the local and international markets. Cantina Tollo has many awards from Italian and international exhibitions, the most significant of which is the Gran Vinitaly 1999 prize, which has never been given to a cooperative economy.

Montepulciano - one of the main Italian grapes. Usually gives fruit, dry wines with soft tannins, not very capable of aging.

The Montepulciano grape variety comes from the Abruzzo region and has no relation to the city of the same name in Tuscany, where they make wine without participating in a blend of this grape variety.

In addition to Abruzzo, Montepulciano is cultivated in 20 of the 95 provinces of Italy.

The bouquet has bright aromas of cherry and plum with notes of violet and liquorice. The taste is bright, also plum-cherry, with soft tannins and good aftertaste.

Well suited to meats, fried meat and moderately spicy cheeses.

Lyuba Tryapichkina, kavist of the boutique Petrovsky-Razumovskaya Alley 6.

* Prices in boutiques may differ from those indicated on the website.

Rosato Biologico Terre di Chieti Tenuta Feudo Antico - Rosato Biologicco Terre Di Chieti Tenuta Feudo Antico | Trebbiano d’Abruzzo Rocca Ventosa Cantina Tollo - Trebbiano d’Abruzzo Rocca Ventosa Cantina Tollo

A special theme is Italian wines.

Italian wines are a special theme.You can try them and write about them endlessly. But the most interesting thing is that you can discover them for yourself and be surprised by them.

Italy is rich in various grape varieties, some of them are unique and cultivated only in Italy, and some are common around the world, but in Italy, they still have a characteristic Italian accent ... More ... (some scientific information)

Here we decided to write about 12 unique varieties of Italian grapes tested by us, 100% constituent independent red wines (without a blend of other varieties).

Of course, there are much more wines and varieties ... but they managed to do it))

1. Aglianico (South Italy)

Allianiko-black grape variety, once delivered by the Greeks to Italy. Previously, it was called Ellenico - "Greek grapes." Red Allianico is considered one of the oldest grape varieties documented in the world.

Traces of grapes are found in Molise, Puglia and on the island of Procida. Today alianica is grown in Basilicata, Malese and Campania.

This variety thrives on volcanic soils, some unique vineyards are located in the area of ​​the extinct Mount Vulture volcano.

The color is deep pomegranate with a slight shade of orange.

The taste is elegant with an almond shade. In his youth, the wine with rich tannins and high acidity has a velvety taste. In aged wines, there are notes of chocolate and leather.

The aroma is rich and intelligent with hints of almond and ripe fruit.

* GM bottle: Contado Aglianico del Molise DOC 2008

Contado - the favorite wine of Pope Paul III - the flagship of the winemaking region of Molise!

2. Berbera (Piemonte)

Berbera is the most used grape variety in Italy. The taste characteristics similar to Cabernet Sauvignon, but has a higher acid level.

Barbera wines are very dry, light, maroon, with a pink or garnet shine.

Taste with bright acidity and soft tannins, complex bouquet with hints of red cherry and barely noticeable shade of oak ..

The aroma of ripe cherries, dark chocolate with hints of vanilla.

Barbera grapes produce three wines:

Barbera d’Alba, Barbera d’Asti, Barbera del Monferrato.

* GM bottle: Barbera d’Alba Tre Vigne DOC, 2008

Some Vietti wines are decorated with designer work. Each such work was used only once - for a particular vintage wine. This idea came to the owners of the vineyards one winter evening with a glass of wine with artist friends.

During the tasting, they were inspired by the color of wine poured into a glass and decided that these magnificent wines are worthy of unique labels - labels designed by artists.

A complete collection of such labels was presented at the Museum of Modern Art in New York!

3. Carignano (Sardegna)

(in France Carignan)

From Carignan produce wines with rich color, acidity and tannins.

Used mainly for blending. Only a few producers are thoroughly involved in this variety, limiting the amount of the crop to produce interesting expressive wines from this variety. The old Carignan vine shows more characteristic wines. And aging in oak emphasizes halftones, complicating them and making them more interesting ..

Color is saturated red and ruby

Taste is rounded with a velvety structure, fruit tones, pleasant long aftertaste with hints of vanilla

Aroma with tones of blackberry, blueberry, vanilla, myrtle, leather and liquorice

* GM bottle: Carignano del Sulcis DOC Rocca Rubia 2008

The main principle of Cantina Santadi is a harmonious combination of innovative spirit with respect for local traditions to create the highest quality wines, most fully reflecting the characteristics of the local terroir.

4. Dolcietto (Piemonte)

This grape does not occupy the best slopes in Piedmont, but due to the experience and skill of the producers, it can produce first-class wines.

The taste is slightly bitter, with hints of bitter almond in the aftertaste.

The aroma is filled with fruit notes with a slight bitterness, reminiscent of bay leaf.

* GM bottle: Moccagatta Dolcetto D’Alba 2009

The wines of these two most colorful Minuto brothers gained leading positions in the world in the late 80s. The brothers were among the first experimenters who ventured to try to ferment wine in this area in oak barrels and withstand their consequences in small French oak.

5. Lagrein (Veneto)

Lagrain is an old South Tyrolean grape variety. Vineyard soils, as a rule, have a high content of silt and porphyry, giving the wine soft fullness, depth and structure.

Dark garnet color with violet reflections

The taste is spicy with velvety tannins and a characteristic shade of wild berries and cinnamon. Aftertaste with spicy bitterness.

Aroma complex with hints of black chokeberry, violet, currant, blackberry, mountain herbs and spices.

* GM bottle: Alto Adige Lagrein DOC 2010

Colterenzio is the flagship of the South Tyrolean wine industry. 28 local farmers united in one enterprise maintain their high reputation with the highest quality wines and their fantastically wide palette.

Lacrima grapes with thin skin and easily broken, the berries seem to cry ... ..

The fate of the variety was endangered a few years ago, but gradually the variety returned from non-existence, and today it is actively cultivated in Mark. Lacrima is original with its fragrant floral bouquet, reminiscent of the sweet aromas of roses. This often causes directly opposite reactions among tasters; wine is either interested or completely rejected.

Color is saturated red

Taste unusual with a hint of rose and sweet vanilla in aftertaste

Rose and plum aroma

* GM bottle: Velenosi Lacrima Di Morro

The wine seemed to us very original and memorable. We highly recommend to try it.

  1. 7.Montelpuciano D’Abruzzo (Abruzzo)

The Montepulciano grape variety comes from Abruzzo and has no relation to the city of the same name in Tuscany, where they make wine without participating in a blend of this grape variety. Inexpensive wine, it is better to drink young.

Dark saturated color

Taste spicy fruit with mild acidity.

* GM bottle: Montelpuciano D’Abruzzo Umani Ronchi 2010

The winery of Uman Ronchi is known for its traditional wines - Rosso Conero and Verdicchio, but here they are conducting interesting experiments with other varieties, primarily such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Chardonnay.

Nebbiolo gets its name from the Italian word "nebbia" - "fog". During harvest, which usually takes place at the end of October, intense fog is set in the vineyard region.

Another version refers to a milky veil similar to the mist that appears over the berries when they ripen. And another version that the name comes from the Italian word Nobile, meaning "noble."

After all, Nebbiolo is a component of great wines like Barolo and Barbaresco.

Nebbiolo wines are characterized by a sufficient level of acidity and tannins. Most wines are aging, some of the highest quality vintages need a lot of aging (a decade or more) and can continue to improve in bottles for up to 30 years. With age, the bouquet becomes more complex and attractive.

Pomegranate color with orange gloss

The taste is full, balanced with a long and complex aftertaste with hints of resin and dried fruit.

Rich aroma with notes of wild berries, cherries, raspberries and spices

* GM bottle: Martinenga Barbaresco 2002

The vineyards of Martinenga are aged for several months in French oak barriques, then 12 months in Slavonic oak barrels.

9. Nero D’Avola (Sicilia)

Black from Avola is the most important red grape in Sicily. Named after the city of Avola in the south of Sicily. Wines from it are compared to Shiraz of the New World, with sweet tannins and plum or pepper notes. The areas around Noto and Pacino in the southern part of the province of Syracuse are especially renowned for the quality of Nero d’Avola grapes.

Intense ruby ​​color

Taste with velvety tannins and a long finish, which reveals notes of mint, cinnamon and sour cherries.

The aroma of red berries, blackberries, mulberries, sour cherry jam, bay leaf, cinnamon and vanilla, as well as notes of coffee and liquorice.

* GM bottle: Lamuri Tasca Dalmerita 2009

Tasca D’Almerita has been around for more than 150 years, today it is known worldwide for its wines, which regularly receive awards at various competitions.

10. Nero De Troia ‘Avola or Uve Di Troia (Puglia)

Nero di Troy is a landmark of Puglia, because This grape variety is grown in the vicinity of the famous castle of Castel del Monte. Nero di Troy is one of the oldest southern Italian varieties: according to one of the hypotheses, the Greek hero Diomedes brought it.

Despite their southern origin, they are distinguished by excellent freshness and an average level of alcohol.

Color saturated garnet with violet reflections.

The taste is powerful with hints of violets and spices, in the aftertaste traced notes of chocolate.

Aroma of ripe red and black fruits

* GM bottle: Vigna Del Melograno - Castel Del Monte DOC 2009

11. Refosco (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)

Refosco - this is the name for this grape variety in Italy, and in Slovenia it is Refosc. It is in these two countries that one can find wines with these grapes, where many of his clones still exist. The best is Refosco dal Pedunkolo Rosso (Refosco with red crests) - it gives the most expressive wines of a very dark color.

Color saturated garnet with light violet highlights

The taste is balanced with soft velvety tannins and a long aftertaste.

The aroma of wild berries with a predominance of red and black currants

* GM bottle: Refosco Zuc di Volpe DOC 2004

Zuc di Volpe (“hill top”) is a line of wines that use grapes from a separate Zuk vineyard and exclusively in the best of years. Every year the wine changes its taste and aroma.

12. Sangiovese (Toscana)

Sangiovese is one of the most ancient and popular red grape varieties in Italy. The name “Sanguis Jovis” is the blood of Jupiter. It is a record grape variety in Italy, which is part of the largest number of Italian wines of the DOCG category. It forms the basis for the wines of Chianti Classico, Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.

There are many varieties of this grape, the main ones are Sangiovese Piccolo (Sangiovese Piccolo), Sangioveto (Sangioveto) and Sangiovese Grosso (Sangiovese Grosso).

It matures quite late and requires ripening.

Taste with a good level of acidity, medium body and a long aftertaste.

Aroma of ripe dark cherry, raspberry, sweet notes of violets and spices

* GM bottle: Brunello di Montalcino DOCG, Poggio Antico 2004

Poggio Antico actually produces only one wine - Brunello di Montalcino and they succeed in it. Especially good in 2004. Our favorite wine.

Watch the video: Grape school: Montepulciano (December 2019).

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