Garden

Description and characteristics of tomato varieties Khokhloma

Greetings to you, dear friends!

In the garden each grows those varieties of vegetables and fruits that he loves the most, naturally. And in the cottages or in the courtyards of private houses you can often see a greenhouse where tomatoes grow. And one of the main indicators of a variety of tomato is its yield. After all, you always want more fruit. And here I advise you to pay attention to the tomatoes of this sort as Khokhloma. Its productivity is such that from one bush with proper care it is possible to remove up to 5 kg of tomato!

I note that the tomato variety Khokhloma is very tasty in canned form. The length of the tomatoes reach 12 cm, and weigh 100-120 g. Their shape is banana-shaped, elongated, and therefore it is very easy to put them in jars for pickling.

Variety of tomatoes Khokhloma is a mid-season variety. It begins to bear fruit 115 days later after amicable shoots. If, for example, you want to get the first harvest in mid-July, you need to plant the seeds in early March. Seeds are sold in garden stores in bright bags labeled "Tomato Khokhloma." Such producer as Gavrish company has perfectly proved itself. The percentage of seed germination of this company is 98, which is just an excellent indicator.

Khokhloma is a tall variety. In the height of the bushes reach more than 2m. Therefore, if this tomato is grown in a greenhouse, it should be quite high. The plant is necessarily tied up in several places. For the garter used stakes or wire stretched in several rows.

Pick up bushes produce when the first leaf begins to form. To a permanent place, tomatoes are planted according to the 40x60 cm scheme. This is done in May, when the ground in the greenhouse is already warm enough. That the crop was big, on a plant only one stalk is formed. All stepchildren are periodically cut off from it in order to develop additional shoots.

Khokhloma variety tomatoes are an indeterminate type. And although the plant is intended for growing in a greenhouse, it can be planted in open ground, but the crop will be smaller. Although in regions where the climate is mild and the warm number of fruits remains at the same level.

The plant of this variety leaves are dark green, the size is average. Inflorescences have a simple form. Inflorescences are laid, starting from the ninth leaf, through the next three. The light green unripe fruit gradually turns yellow, and when fully ripe, it becomes red. Fruits keep well on the hands, so the bush does not crumble. And this is a great advantage of this variety, because tomatoes will not beat on the ground, which means they will not start to deteriorate. Mature whole fruits can be stored for up to three weeks.

Have varieties of tomatoes Khokhloma high resistance to various diseases and viruses. Fusarium and tobacco mosaic, for example.

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Characteristics and description of tomato variety Khokhloma

The variety is not hybrid, mid-ripening fruit through 115-120 days after germination. The plant is indeterminate, tall with a length of the main stem up to 2 m. The garter and the formation of the bush with the removal of stepsons are necessary. The best results are achieved by the development of a tomato bush in one and two stalks.

The leaves are simple, medium, dark green. The initial inflorescence appears above the eighth leaf, then every three leaves. On a brush grows up to 11 tomatoes, they do not fall down.

Fruits are elongated 12-17 cm, smooth, cylindrical. Ripe tomatoes are intense red. Weight from 100 to 150 grams. The skin is thick. The pulp is thick, not watery.

The fruits of Khokhloma have a weight of about 100-150 grams and a dense structure

Tomatoes are universal purpose, suitable for fresh salad use and for preservation, they are easy to put in jars. Registered Commercial Yield 8-10 kg per 1 m2.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of the variety include:

  • high yield in small areas, subject to agrotechnical rules,
  • prolonged fruiting throughout the season,
  • pleasant taste,
  • resistance to mosaic disease, phytophthora, fusarium, cladosporia, many viruses,
  • unique long-term storage capacity without loss of presentation and taste,
  • transportability

The controversial disadvantages of Khokhloma include increased density, thick skin and inconsistency of the fruit. Juice from such tomatoes cannot be cooked. On the other hand, with full canning, these “flaws” turn into positive qualities.

Growing Requirements

According to the rules of crop rotation, the best predecessors for tomatoes are carrots, onions, zucchini, cucumbers, dill, parsley.

Since the variety is tall, the greenhouse must be of sufficient height. For garters, it is better to use a trellis net.

To get a harvest in Julyseeds need to be sown in the beginning of March. Gavrish seeds have a high germination rate, up to 98.

Algorithm works when growing the following:

  • Pickled seeds are sown on seedlings in a moist, light, nutritious soil to a depth of 20 mm. Caring for seedlings is thinning, watering and feeding. Maintain the required temperature.
  • Dive with the appearance of the first real leaflet in separate containers.
  • Preliminary soil preparation includes digging with the introduction of a sufficient amount of humus, complex mineral fertilizers, and ash.
  • We plant seedlings at the age of 54-60 days to a permanent place under the scheme 40 * 70 cm, 3-4 pieces per 1 m2. We plant in April in greenhouses, and in May in open ground, when a favorable temperature condition is established and the soil warms up to + 14 degrees.
  • For high yield plant we form in one stalk. 3-4 cm long steps are removed every 7-10 days. We tie up the plants on vertical trellis.
  • The lower leaves under the first brush are removed one by one each week so that they do not take food from the ripening fruits and do not collect disease spores from the soil.
  • Further care has traditionally been in regular procedures for loosening the soil, watering, weeding, feeding and mulching.
For high yield Khokhloma need to grow in one stem

As a top dressing use infusion of mullein, bird droppings, mineral fertilizers and trace elements according to the rules of agrotechnical rules.

During ripening, tomatoes are responsive to mineral supplements with potassium content. Nitrogen during this period provokes excessive development of green mass to the detriment of the crop. Therefore, it will be a mistake to add organic matter. In addition to the harmful effects of nitrogen, organics contribute to the development of diseases.

Disease prevention

It should be remembered about the rules of agricultural and crop rotation. Avoiding diseases will help:

  • soil loosening
  • timely weeding,
  • watering with settled water.

Tomatoes love plentiful but rare watering. During the fruiting period, nitrogen fertilizers cannot be abused and fresh manure must be applied.

Variety of tomato Khokhloma likes abundant, but rare watering

But preventive measures do not interfere, they are as follows:

  • you need to handle seedlings of 0.5% Bordeaux liquid before planting,
  • 3 weeks prior to picking up the fruits of the plant, disinfect with a solution of 4 g of copper sulphate per 1 liter of water,
  • periodically pour ash around the bushes.

Harvesting and storage

Frozen tomatoes not suitable for storage, they immediately spoil.

For storage, you need to collect small fruits, dense, without damage. They should be brown or milky ripeness.

For storage it is necessary to collect dense small fruits.

In a special plastic or wooden boxes for vegetables lay tomatoes on the paper up with stalks, pour in sawdust. Put the boxes on top of each other in a dark cool room with humidity above 80%. The room must be ventilated.

Well, if there is an opportunity to divide the tomatoes according to the degree of ripeness. If stored red fruits at a temperature of +1 degree brown - at a temperature of +4 degrees, and green at +10, the shelf life will increase by 2 months.

Under these conditions, tomatoes ripen slowly. The taste and biological composition of them will not differ from the fruits ripened on the vine.

The Khokhloma tomato belongs to well-stored varieties that are oval in shape and have little seed cells, as well as a dense structure. With proper storage organization tomatoes can save up to winter.

Each gardener chooses his grade by trial and error. If you like long, dense tomatoes, pay attention to Khokhloma tomatoes. They have the advantage of getting early fruits, and convenient preservation, and easy care. Not for nothing, this variety was called - "tomatoes for the lazy."

Description of tomatoes Khokhloma, reviews, photos

Mid-season, indeterminantny, bruschevy, fruitful grade of a tomato for greenhouses and an open ground. The period from germination to maturity is 112-119 days.

The bush is up to 2 meters high, it requires a garter to the support and pinching. The best results were obtained with the formation of plants in 1 and 2 stalks. The leaf of this tomato is medium in size, dark green. The inflorescence is simple. The first inflorescence is laid over the 8-9 leaf, the next - every 3 leaves.

Variety description

This is a tall indeterminant (up to 2 m) plant with an average maturity. Fruits ripen through 115-120 days after the emergence of shoots. To get a good harvest, it is necessary to form a bush in one or two stems with the obligatory removal of the stepsons and tying it to the support.

The first brush appears after the eighth leaf, and each subsequent grows through 3. The brush is tied up to 11-12 fruits, which hold tight and do not crumble.

Cylindrical fruits reach a length of 12-17 cm and a mass of 100-150 g. Ripened fruits are bright red in color with thick and dense skin, the pulp is not watery, dense, small-chamber (2-3 pieces). Tomatoes universal use. They can be used fresh, canned, cook tomato paste.

The grade is intended for cultivation in greenhouse conditions. Recommended to grow in the garden only in the southern regions with a mild climate. In other areas there will be a significant yield loss.

Advantages of Khokhloma variety

High yield of tomato in small areas. With proper care, you can pick up to 5 kg of fruit from one bush. It is recommended to plant 3 bushes per square meter. The yield of 8-10 kg / sq. m

  • Sustained and prolonged fruiting all summer.
  • Good taste of tomatoes.
  • Resistance to many viruses: phytophthora, mosaic disease, cladosporia, fusarium.
  • It is well transported and stored for a long time without loss of taste and appearance. According to some vegetable growers, the variety can be preserved until the New Year's table.

The disadvantage is excessive density, not juiciness tomato and thick skin. Tomato juice can not be prepared. Although the density and crispness some people really like.

Varieties with a long shelf life

There are a number of varieties of tomatoes, which, like Khokhloma, are well transported and stored for a long time without affecting taste.

These include: Large cream, Marina Grove, Ob domes, Soyuz-8, Red dome, Honey cream, Sugar cream, Red icicle, Liana, Orange miracle, Siberian heavyweights and Siberian early, Tarasenko anniversary, Russian domes. As well as hybrids: Friend F1, Premium F1, Blagovest F1.

Tomatoes of these varieties and hybrids are good to use in salads, sandwiches, where they perfectly keep their shape, do not crawl away. When cooked, they retain all the useful qualities and delicate sweetish taste. When pickling and preservation do not crack, keep their shape. Used to make tomato paste, but not suitable for making tomato juice.

Tomato Khokhloma, reviews from gardeners received excellent. They celebrate excellent yields. Many of them advise to plant along with Khokhloma a Chukhloma variety, similar in characteristics, but with yellow fruits resembling bananas.

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Khokhloma tomato variety

Cultivating a variety

Since the variety is middle-ripening, in order to get a bountiful harvest during the summer, it is necessary to sow on seedlings at the end of February or early March in order to plant the seedlings in the greenhouse at the age of 54-60 days.

Before sowing, seeds should be pickled from pathogens (see the article “Tomatoes: seedlings grow poorly, what to do?”). After disinfection, seeds are sown in a light fertile soil.

When shoots appear, care is reduced to maintaining a temperature of 18-22 degrees, timely watering with warm settled water, dressing, loosening, picking into separate containers after the appearance of 2-3 true leaves.

Two weeks before planting in the greenhouse, the seedlings are gradually quenched, bringing to fresh air, accustomed to low temperatures and bright sun.

We prepare the soil in the greenhouse, introducing into it humus, mineral complex and wood ash. Dig up everything.

Planting in the greenhouse is carried out when the ground warms to 14 degrees. Seedlings are planted according to the scheme 40 * 70 cm 3 bushes per 1 square meter. m

Immediately after planting, the bush should be tied to a support or to a vertical trellis grid. In the future, form a bush in 1-2 stalks, weekly to remove stepchildren to 3-4 cm. All leaves up to the first brush should be removed gradually one by one per week.

Khokhloma bushes care is reduced to regular watering, dressing, weeding, loosening. It is advisable to plant a mulch so that the moisture in the soil is kept longer and the root system does not overheat.

For dressing use infusion of manure, bird droppings and mineral complex. Especially tomatoes love fertilizers containing potassium. Nitrogen is used to feed at the beginning of planting seedlings. Its abuse stimulates the growth of greens at the expense of fruiting and provokes diseases. Read how to feed the tomatoes.

Diseases, pests

Although the resistance to diseases of the tomato Khokhloma, according to reviews of gardeners is large, but still it is worth paying attention to preventive measures:

  • before planting in the greenhouse process seedlings Bordeaux liquid (0.5%),
  • 20 days before harvesting the planting process copper sulphate (4g per 1 liter of water),
  • regularly under the bushes to make ash.

Tomato harvesting and storage

You should not be late with the collection of fruits: tomatoes picked at temperatures below 8 degrees are poorly stored. The collection is carried out only in good weather 1-2 times a week.

For long-term storage, dense tomatoes of milky ripeness and brown are selected without damage.

We hope you enjoyed this variety. Tomato Khokhloma, reviews which is excellent, deserves your attention and will find a place in your greenhouse. Good luck!

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Fruit Characteristic

Author photo Yevgeny Balashov

Fruits are elongated, cylindrical, smooth, dense, in the stage of maturity of red color, weighing 100-130 grams, good taste. These tomatoes are universal in purpose - great for both salting and canning, and for fresh consumption.

The merits of the variety: fruits are not showered, have a unique keeping quality (you can save them until the New Year). The variety is resistant to pathogens of TMV, fusarium, cladiosporia.

Yield: 8.5 - 9.9 kg of fruits from 1 square. meter landings (subject to agrotechnology).

In 2004, the Khokhloma tomato variety was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for garden plots, household plots and small farms for cultivation under film shelters.

Currently, you can find seeds of this variety from such producers as: Aelita, Gavrish, Ural summer resident.

Features of the cultivation of tomatoes Khokhloma, planting and care

Sowing seeds for seedlings spend 60-65 days before the proposed planting in the ground. Dive - at the stage of the second true leaf. When planting seedlings at a permanent place on 1 square. m plot placed up to 4 plants. Landing pattern: 50 x 40 cm

Formation in 1-2 stem. In the first case, all the stepchildren are completely removed, in the second - they are left alone under the first floral brush (this will be the second trunk). Tie to the trellis each trunk separately.

Further care of the tomatoes consists of timely watering, fertilizing, weed removal, stading and prophylactic measures to protect plants from diseases and pests.

We recommend installing a drip irrigation system when growing tomatoes in a greenhouse - this will save you time and effort, as well as increase crop yields and reduce the risk of phytophthora.

Khokhloma tomatoes, video

If you grew Khokhloma tomatoes, please write whether you liked them or not. What was the yield and taste of the fruit in your climatic conditions? Will you grow them again? How do you assess the resistance of this tomato to disease? Write in brief the advantages and disadvantages of this tomato in your opinion. If possible, attach to a comment photo of the whole bush or individual fruits grown by you. Thank!

Your reviews about Tomato Khokhloma and additions to the description will help many gardeners to evaluate this variety objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.

Description and characteristics of tomato varieties Khokhloma

The Khokhloma tomato variety of the agrofirm Gavrish selection was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2004. According to the characteristic and the description it is intended for cultivation in the closed soil in garden and farms.

The variety is not hybrid, mid-ripening with fruit ripening 115-120 days after germination. The plant is indeterminate, tall with a length of the main stem up to 2 m. The garter and the formation of the bush with the removal of stepsons are necessary. The best results are achieved by the development of a tomato bush in one and two stalks.

The leaves are simple, medium, dark green. The initial inflorescence appears above the eighth leaf, then every three leaves. On a brush grows up to 11 tomatoes, they do not fall down.

Fruits elongated 12-17 cm, smooth, cylindrical. Ripe tomatoes are intense red. Weight from 100 to 150 grams. The skin is thick. The pulp is thick, not watery.

The fruits of Khokhloma have a weight of about 100-150 grams and a dense structure

Tomatoes are universal purpose, suitable for fresh salad use and for preservation, they are easy to put in jars. Registered commodity yield of 8-10 kg per 1 m2.

In garden plots, Khokhloma tomato is grown in greenhouses; it can be cultivated in open ground in the southern regions with a mild climate.

The advantages of the variety include:

  • high yields in small areas, subject to agrotechnical rules,
  • prolonged fruiting throughout the season,
  • pleasant taste,
  • resistance to mosaic disease, phytophthora, fusarium, cladosporia, many viruses,
  • unique ability for long-term storage without loss of presentation and taste,
  • transportability

The controversial disadvantages of Khokhloma include increased density, thick skin and inconsistency of the fruit. Juice from such tomatoes cannot be cooked. On the other hand, with full canning, these “flaws” turn into positive qualities.

The variety is recommended to be grown in a greenhouse. Gavrish brand seeds germinate up to 98%

According to the rules of crop rotation, the best predecessors for tomatoes are carrots, onions, zucchini, cucumbers, dill, parsley.

Khokhloma grown in the greenhouse. It is possible and in open ground, but the harvest will be much lower.

Since the variety is tall, the greenhouse must be of sufficient height. For garters, it is better to use a trellis net.

In order to get a harvest in July, the seeds need to be sown in early March. Gavrish seeds have a high germination rate, up to 98.

Algorithm works when growing the following:

  • Pickled seeds are sown on seedlings in a moist, light, nutritious soil to a depth of 20 mm. Caring for seedlings is thinning, watering and feeding. Maintain the required temperature.
  • Dive with the appearance of the first real leaflet in separate containers.
  • Preliminary soil preparation includes digging with the introduction of a sufficient amount of humus, complex mineral fertilizers, and ash.
  • We plant seedlings at the age of 54-60 days for a permanent place according to the scheme 40 * 70 cm, 3-4 pieces per 1 m2. We plant in April in greenhouses, and in May in open ground, when a favorable temperature condition is established and the soil warms up to + 14 degrees.
  • To obtain a high yield, we form a plant in one stem. 3-4 cm long steps are removed every 7-10 days. We tie up the plants on vertical trellis.
  • The lower leaves under the first brush are removed one by one each week so that they do not take food from the ripening fruits and do not collect disease spores from the soil.
  • Further care has traditionally been in regular procedures for loosening the soil, watering, weeding, feeding and mulching.
For high yield Khokhloma need to grow in one stem

As a feed, infusion of mullein, bird droppings, mineral fertilizers and microelements are used according to the norms in accordance with agrotechnical rules.

During ripening, tomatoes are responsive to mineral supplements with potassium content. Nitrogen during this period provokes excessive development of green mass to the detriment of the crop. Therefore, it will be a mistake to add organic matter. In addition to the harmful effects of nitrogen, organics contribute to the development of diseases.

Tomato Khokhloma is considered a variety with immunity to diseases and pests.

It should be remembered about the rules of agricultural and crop rotation. Avoiding diseases will help:

  • soil loosening
  • timely weeding,
  • watering with settled water.

Tomatoes like abundant, but rare watering. During the fruiting period, nitrogen fertilizers cannot be abused and fresh manure must be applied.

Variety of tomato Khokhloma likes abundant, but rare watering

But preventive measures do not interfere, they are as follows:

  • you need to handle seedlings of 0.5% Bordeaux liquid before planting,
  • 3 weeks prior to picking up the fruits of the plant, disinfect with a solution of 4 g of copper sulphate per 1 liter of water,
  • periodically pour ash around the bushes.

Tomatoes that have frosted, are not suitable for storage, they immediately deteriorate.

Harvesting should be carried out at an air temperature not below +8 degrees. To collect the fruit for long-term storage, choose a fine day. After the rain, the collection should not be carried out.

For storage, you need to collect small fruits, dense, without damage. They should be brown or milky ripeness.

For storage it is necessary to collect dense small fruits.

In a special plastic or wooden boxes for vegetables lay tomatoes on the paper up with stalks, pour in sawdust. Put the boxes on top of each other in a dark cool room with humidity above 80%. The room must be ventilated.

Well, if there is an opportunity to divide the tomatoes according to the degree of ripeness. If you store red fruit at a temperature of +1 degree, brown - at a temperature of +4 degrees, and green at +10, the shelf life will increase by 2 months.

Under these conditions, tomatoes ripen slowly. The taste and biological composition of them will not differ from the fruits ripened on the vine.

The Khokhloma tomato belongs to well-stored varieties that are oval in shape and have little seed cells, as well as a dense structure. With proper storage organization, tomatoes can be preserved until winter.

Each gardener chooses his grade by trial and error. If you like long, dense tomatoes, pay attention to Khokhloma tomatoes. They have the advantage of getting early fruits, and convenient preservation, and easy care. Not for nothing, this variety was called - "tomatoes for the lazy."

Tomato "Khokhloma": characteristics and description of the variety

“Khokhloma” is an indeterminant (has no end of growth points), not a standard plant, up to 2 meters high.

Have leaves of medium size, wrinkled with pubescence, dark green.

The inflorescence is simple, it forms over an 8-9 leaf, then follows every 3 leaves.

Each brush can have up to 12 fruits, the stem firmly held, not showered.

According to the degree of ripening - the average, the fruits are formed on the 115-120 day. Shoots marked friendly.

Resistant to some diseases - “mosaic”, late blight, cladosporiosis, fusarium.

Designed for greenhouse conditions. Perhaps cultivation in open ground, but the harvest will be less.

With 1 sq. M. You can collect up to 10 kg of tomatoes, when the density of planting in 3 plants per 1 sq.m. With good care more than 5 kg are collected from one plant.

Advantages and disadvantages:

  • high yield
  • fruiting whole season,
  • taste,
  • disease resistance
  • long storage,
  • good transportation.

Among the shortcomings there is an excessive density of fruits, inconsistency. Some, by contrast, consider crispness a pleasant feature.

Description of the fetus:

  • The color of ripe fruit - richly colored. Immature, like all varieties, light green.
  • The skin is smooth, thickish.
  • The form is elongated. cylindrical, more than 12 cm long.
  • Fruit weight about 150 g.
  • "Khokhloma" - small-chamber (2 - 3 units) fruits, with an average number of seeds in them.
  • By the number of dry substances - low in content.
  • Stored for a long time, more than a month, some gardeners note the safety of the fruit until the New Year holidays.
  • During transportation do not deteriorate.

A special feature is the texture of the fruit - dense, crispy.

Good long keeping is unique.

Use fresh, not bad in sandwiches and salads, do not crawl. In hot dishes retains all the healthy properties and taste. It has a delicate sweet taste.

Fully suitable for conservation, the fruits do not crack and do not lose their shape, which gives the elegance of conservation. Suitable for the production of tomato paste, sauces, not suitable for the production of juices.

Below you will see some photos of Khokhloma variety tomatoes:

Diseases and pests

The manufacturer promises greater resistance to many diseases and pests. But prevention does not hurt.

However, do not do the spraying often. Perhaps addictive viruses to drugs. Use microbiological agents.

“Khokhloma” is an amateur variety. High yield attracts, but the unusual density of the fruit can scare.

How to make the formation of a tomato bush is described in the following video:

Tomato Khokhloma: reviews, photos

Those who have a garden or several beds, try to plant their favorite crops. Among the popular plants is considered a tomato, the seeds of which you can choose any variety. Quite a popular variety that is in demand - Khokhloma tomato. It is produced by Gavrish, and before planting it is recommended to know the characteristics and description of the Khokhloma tomato variety.

Tomatoes of this variety are non-hybrid species, mid-season, begin to ripen 120 days after the first shoots. Bushes high, the stem can grow up to 2 meters. Due to this characteristic during the cultivation of the need to tie up the bushes, as well as form them, by removing the stepsons. For maximum yield of Khokhloma tomato it is necessary to leave 2 stalks on the bushes, no more.

Description of tomatoes variety Khokhloma is formed in several points:

  • The bushes have average leaves, simple in shape, green.
  • The first color occurs over 8 leaf, the rest appear after 3 sheets.
  • On the brush as much as possible can be 11 tomatoes, and after ripening, they do not fall, but hold tight.
  • Fruits of elongated shape, on average, the size of each tomato is about 17 cm. The tomato resembles a cylinder, their skin is smooth.
  • A ripe tomato has a bright, beautiful red color.
  • The mass of one tomato is 110-120 grams.
  • The rind is thick, dense, which is excellent for salting, preservation, transportation. The flesh is also dense, not watery.

Khokhloma tomatoes are a versatile variety that can be used for any purpose. From the resulting crop obtained excellent seaming, they are suitable for fresh consumption, for salads. Thanks to the shape, they fit easily into a jar.

Short description can be viewed on video:

Instead of a review, the yield of Khokhloma tomato is visible in the photo:

From the garden area of ​​5 square meters. m. get to collect up to 50 kg of fruit. Such a yield may be subject to proper cultivation, using the advice of agronomists.

Important! Khokhloma is often used for greenhouse cultivation, but they can be planted in open areas if it is a southern region with a warm climate.

Storage and collection

For the further preservation of the fruit, you need to use those that did not fall under the frost, otherwise they will deteriorate in 1-2 days. The collection itself is recommended when the yard will be from 8 degrees and above. If you need to store tomatoes, then the weather should be good, it is not recommended to pick tomatoes during or after the rains.

The ideal tomato for storage is small in mass, without visual damage, dense in structure. Fruits of a brown shade or milky ripeness well will approach. The resulting tomatoes can be put in boxes of plastic or wood, pre-put down the paper. The tomatoes themselves are laid up with stems, each layer is covered with sawdust. For further storage cellars are ideal, where it will be cool, and the humidity will be no more than 80%, with good ventilation. Boxes can be put on each other.

It is excellent if there is an opportunity to divide the crop by ripeness, since different temperatures are needed for different tomatoes. For the red Khokhloma, +1 degree is suitable, for brown ripeness, +4 degrees are needed, and for green fruits, +10 degrees. Adhering to the rules described, you can increase the safety of the crop for 2 months. In this case, the ripening will be slow, the composition and taste will not change and differ from fully ripe Khokhloma.

As the description and photo of the Khokhloma tomato variety shows, they are excellently stored, have a small number of seeds inside, are always dense in structure. If the variety is properly harvested and stored, fresh tomatoes will be suitable for use before winter.

Productivity and fruits

Fruits of elongated shape, cylindrical, smooth, in the stage of maturity of red color. Fruit weight varies from 100 to 130 grams, good taste. Productivity is high - up to 10 kg per 1 sq. M.

The main purpose - the tomato is universal in itself, therefore, suitable for salting, for canning, and they will be an excellent complement for salads and various dishes.

Description and characteristics of the variety

  • Variety, not a hybrid.
  • Indeterminant, with unlimited growth, grows up to 2 meters in height.
  • The bush is not standard.
  • The leaves are medium dark green, wrinkled with a slight pubescence.
  • The inflorescence is simple, the first is formed after 8-9 leaves, subsequent every 3 leaves. On 1 brush up to 12 fruits are tied, which are held tightly on the stem.
  • To obtain a good harvest, it is recommended to grow bushes in 1-2 stems, after which it is necessary to carry out the staging every 10 days. The butchers gently pinch, leaving a stump of 5-7 mm, so as not to injure the main stem.
  • The average term of maturation. Ripe fruits can be removed from the bush 115-120 days after germination.
  • Resistant to such solanaceous diseases as mosaic, late blight, cladosporiosis, fusarium.
  • Recommended for growing in a greenhouse. You can grow in open ground, but only in the southern regions and the crop will be less.
  • Yield high. With 1 sq. M. (3-4 bush) harvested up to 10 kg of tomatoes. With the right agrotechnology, 1 bush of Khokhloma variety gives 5 kg of tomatoes and more.

Advantages and disadvantages

  • High yield.
  • Prolonged fruiting.
  • Great taste.
  • Resistance to diseases that often affect solanaceous crops.
  • Good lezhkost.
  • Resistance to transportation.

There are no obvious defects in the Khokhloma variety. However, controversial disadvantages include the high density of fruits, thick skin and a small amount of juice in tomatoes. Therefore, this variety is not suitable for making juice, but these tomatoes are ideal for whole canning.

Application

Tomatoes varieties Khokhloma very tasty, so it is pleasant to use fresh, add to salads, decorate sandwiches, make cuts. During heat treatment, these tomatoes retain their healthy properties and taste, so they can be used to prepare a variety of hot dishes. It has a delicate sweet taste. Thanks to their sweetish taste, they are ideal for canning and marinating. In this case, the fruits do not lose their shape, do not crack and look very beautiful in blanks. Suitable for cooking tomato paste, sauces, but the juice from these tomatoes will not work.

Watch the video! Tomatoes Chukhloma and Khokhloma

Reviews who planted

Below we have presented reviews gardeners, who planted already in his greenhouses, the Khokhloma variety of tomatoes and decided to share his experience with other gardeners.

Nadezhda Vasilievna, Tyumen region

Mila Lvovna, Tver region

Vladimir Eduardovich, Moscow Region

Andrey Vladimirovich, Saratov region

Tamara Alekseevna, Khabarovsk Territory

Larisa Pavlovna, Moscow region

Mikhail Sergeevich, Vladimir region

Olga Nikolaevna, Leningrad Region

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Tomato Khokhloma has a number of advantages, for which he is so highly valued:

  • High yield - due to its growth, the plant, even in a small area, you can get a lot of tomato.
  • Variety fruits the whole season.
  • Tomatoes have a pleasant taste, aroma.
  • A good immune system that protects the plant from a number of diseases.
  • Long storage time and excellent transportability.

There are no special, obvious defects in the variety, but at the same time, many note their density, thick skin and insufficient wateriness. However, this is a very controversial point. For example, these properties are valuable for rolling.

Features of the cultivation and care of the variety

The most suitable precursors for tomatoes can be carrots, onions, cucumbers, etc. (according to the rules of crop rotation).

The optimal time for sowing seeds is the beginning of spring, in March, respectively, the harvest will be available in July.

The tomato growing algorithm is simple:

  • Seeds that are pre-pickled, sow in a moist, nutritious soil. Too deep planting is not necessary - up to 2 cm. The subsequent care of the seedlings will consist of: thinning, watering and fertilizing. Do not forget about the optimal growing temperature.
  • As soon as the first leaf appears, begin to dive into separate containers.
  • Prepare the soil in advance - dig and make bait, for example, humus or manure
  • Planting seedlings start in 55-60 days. Do not part, follow the pattern of 40x70 cm, that is, per 1 sq.m. no more than 4 bushes. In the greenhouse, planting can be done in April, and in open ground - in May. Remember - the ground should warm up to +14 degrees.
  • In order to get the highest yield, form a plant in one stem. Pysynki remove once a week.

As soon as the plant grows up, perform a garter. Subsequent care is reduced to loosening the soil, weeding, feeding. watering and mulching. Water the tomatoes either early in the morning or in the evening when the sun is completely gone. Watering and weeding during hot hours will lead to the destruction of the bushes. Do not spray tomato bushes with plain water when watering - can lead to the development of fungal infections. Ideal - to water every bush at the root.

In the role of fertilizers are:

  • Mullein infusion.
  • Bird droppings.
  • Mineral complex of fertilizers.

In this case, do not forget about the rules: according to agrotechnical rules, excessive feeding can also adversely affect the plant.

Please note: during the ripening of fruits, this variety is more responsive to mineral supplements with potassium. Nitrogen causes the development of green mass, which negatively affects the yield. Therefore, minimize organic matter (it also contributes to the development of various diseases).

Resistance to diseases and adverse conditions

This variety is highly resistant to diseases and pests. However, when growing, follow the rules of agrotechnology. So, in the quality of prevention act:

  • Loosening the land.
  • Weeding from weeds.
  • Watering. This variety likes plentiful but infrequent watering with settled water.
  • Bordeaux treatment before planting (0.5% solution).
  • Periodically scatter the ashes around the plants.
  • 21 days before picking the tomato, you can disinfect with a solution of 4 g of copper sulfate per 1 liter of water.

Features of collection and storage

At this point, there are also certain subtleties. So, the fruits that have come under frost, are not suitable for long-term storage, because they deteriorate quickly.

Medium, dense fruits are selected for storage, they should not contain any damage. As a place to store use special boxes (made of plastic or wood), lay on paper tomatoes up stalks and sprinkle with sawdust. Leave the boxes in a well-ventilated, cool room, where the humidity is not lower than 80%.

Optimally divided by the degree of ripeness and store them in appropriate conditions:

So you can extend the shelf life up to 2 months, as in these conditions, tomatoes ripen slowly enough, and the taste is almost the same as the fruits that have ripened in the greenhouse or in the garden.

Reviews of those who planted

Elizabeth

Fine grade. I liked it, the versatility (I add it to the salad and preserve it - I like it everywhere). In this case, quite unpretentious in the care, and the yield is really high. For me, this is the best choice.

Egor

He advised the father to plant this variety, an experienced gardener. Khokhloma surprised me. Perfect taste: the tomato is good and fresh, and canned, so for me it is the most suitable variety for cultivation. Plus not sick, easy to grow.

Galina

I first met this variety a few years ago when I met her friend at the dacha. And now 3 years, as I grow it in my garden. Most of all, the yield is good - you can eat fresh and twist for the winter. Variety is beyond praise!

Each gardener or summer resident selects a variety for himself. If you prefer long, dense tomatoes, then Tomato Khokhloma is perfect for you. This variety organically combines the ease of care, taste and high yield.

Description and characteristics of tomato Khokhloma, its yield

On the plot, you can often see small beds where the hosts grow their favorite vegetables. One of the main plants is tomato. Today in the market you can find the seeds of various seeds of this vegetable. Khokhloma tomato is very popular. This selection of the agrofirm "Gavrish" has certain characteristics. Before planting it on the site, you should carefully consider the description of Khokhloma tomato.

Characteristics and description of tomato

Khokhloma tomatoes belong to a non-hybrid, medium-ripening variety that ripens 4 months after the seedlings rise. Indeterminate tall plant has a main stem, which reaches a height of 2 m. Therefore, in the process of growing it is necessary to carry out the garter and the formation of the bush, which involves the removal of stepsons. To ensure high yields, bushes must have no more than two stems.

The plant has simple medium leaves that have a dark green tint. The first inflorescence is located above the 8th leaf. Then they go through every third sheet. On one brush can ripen 11 tomatoes. It should be noted that after maturation they do not fall off.

A characteristic feature of the variety are elongated fruits, the length of which reaches 17 cm. They have a cylindrical shape and a smooth surface. Ripe tomato has a rich bright shade. The average weight of one fruit is 120 grams. The tomato has a thick skin, dense not watery pulp.

Tomatoes varieties Khokhloma are universal purpose. They can be used fresh to make salads and canned. They are very easy to fit into the banks. Up to 10 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from a bed of one square meter. High yields are achieved by properly growing plants, taking into account all the recommendations of experts.

Important: Khokhloma tomatoes are often grown on home gardens in greenhouses. But, they are also suitable for outdoor planting in southern areas, which are characterized by mild climatic conditions. According to reviews, this variety has a high yield.

Khokhloma tomatoes, the description of which variety was given above, has many advantages, among which are:

  1. Quite high yields. From a small garden you can collect more than 10 kg of fruit. Of course, to achieve such a result, it is necessary to observe agrotechnical rules.
  2. The plant bears fruit throughout the season.
  3. The fruits have a pleasant taste, as indicated by the characteristic of the variety. They make very tasty salads and preserves.
  4. High resistance of tomato to various diseases and viruses. The plant easily tolerates phytophthora, fusarium and others.
  5. Long shelf life. Fruits can lie for a long period, and at the same time they do not lose their presentation, as well as taste.
  6. Transportability. Tomatoes can be easily transported in boxes or buckets without damage to their presentation.

The disadvantages of the variety include high density, thick skin and low juiciness. Of course, such cons are controversial, depending on which side to look. With these tomatoes will not be able to cook the juice. For preservation, such flaws turn into positive qualities.

How to grow tomatoes

Tomatoes of this variety can be grown in greenhouses. Since the plants are tall, the design should be of sufficient height. For their garters it is recommended to use trellis netting.

Tomato growing occurs in the following sequence:

  • For growing seedlings use pickled seeds. They are sown in a light and nutritious soil to a depth of 2 cm. It is necessary to ensure that it is sufficiently moist. To grow seedlings, you need to feed them and water regularly. Also important is the temperature regime. If you plant seeds in the cold, they can not ascend.
  • When the first true leaf appears on the sprout, it dives into a separate container. For planting in open ground use seedlings at the age of 2 months.
  • Particular attention should be paid to the preparation of the soil, which includes digging and feeding. As a fertilizer, humus, complex mineral fertilizers, and ash are used.
  • Also important is the site of planting seedlings. If we are talking about a greenhouse, then it should be done in April. In open ground we plant tomatoes in May. In this case, you need to make sure that the soil is warm enough (not less than 14 degrees).
  • To increase the yield, the plant is formed into one stem. Small stepchildren, whose length is up to 4 cm, should be periodically cut every week. The plant is tied up on vertical trellis.
  • Lower leaves are removed weekly one by one. This is necessary in order to reduce unnecessary consumption of nutrients necessary for fruit ripening. Also, the lower leaves can sort out the spores of various diseases from the soil. Therefore, it is worth seriously think about their removal.
  • During the cultivation of the plant, it is necessary to regularly loosen the soil, weeding and feeding. Also pay special attention to watering and mulching Khokhloma tomatoes.

Important: During the period of fruit ripening, the use of mineral fertilizers is not recommended.

This will increase the risk of plant disease, as well as an excessive increase in green mass. This will negatively affect the yield.

Harvesting and storage of crops

Harvest should be collected before the cold. Fruits that have frosted, very quickly deteriorate and are not suitable for storage. Therefore, you need to harvest before the temperature drops below 8 degrees.

Fruits are stored in plastic or wooden boxes. They are laid out on paper and poured with sawdust. The boxes are stored in a dark cool place where the humidity does not exceed 80%. An effective ventilation system must be installed in the room.

Variety of tomatoes for lazy "Khokhloma"

For those who love long dense tomatoes - the Khokhloma variety is for you!

Summer residents - gardeners will enjoy the variety of constant fruiting.

The country of breeding this variety is considered to be the Russian Federation, registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation for growing in greenhouse conditions in 2004.

  • Tomato "Khokhloma": characteristics and description of the variety
  • A photo
  • Features of growing
  • Diseases and pests
  • Video

“Khokhloma” is an indeterminant (has no end of growth points), not a standard plant, up to 2 meters high.

Reference: A Stamb plant is considered if it is compact, not high, has a weak root system, and is fruitful and not whimsical. Suitable for "lazy" gardeners.

Have leaves of medium size, wrinkled with pubescence, dark green.

The inflorescence is simple, it forms over an 8-9 leaf, then follows every 3 leaves.

Each brush can have up to 12 fruits, the stem steadfastly held, not showered.

According to the degree of ripening - the average, the fruits are formed on the 115-120 day. Shoots marked friendly.

Resistant to some diseases - “mosaic”, late blight, cladosporiosis, fusarium.

Designed for greenhouse conditions. Perhaps cultivation in open ground, but the harvest will be less.

With 1 sq. M. You can collect up to 10 kg of tomatoes, with a density of planting in 3 plants per 1 sq. m. With good care more than 5 kg are collected from one plant.

Advantages and disadvantages:

  • high yield
  • fruiting whole season,
  • taste,
  • disease resistance
  • long storage,
  • good transportation.

Among the shortcomings there is an excessive density of fruits, inconsistency. Some, by contrast, consider crispness a pleasant feature.

  • The color of ripe fruit - richly colored. Immature, like all varieties, light green.
  • The skin is smooth, thickish.
  • The form is elongated. cylindrical, more than 12 cm long.
  • Fruit weight about 150 g.
  • "Khokhloma" - small-chamber (2 - 3 units) fruits, with an average number of seeds in them.
  • By the number of dry substances - low in content.
  • Stored for a long time, more than a month, some gardeners note the safety of the fruit until the New Year holidays.
  • During transportation do not deteriorate.

A special feature is the texture of the fruit - dense, crispy.

Good long keeping is unique.

The list of tomato varieties that are well preserved and amenable to transportation: “Marina Grove”, “Large Cream”, “Ob domes”, “Red dome”, “Union 8”, “Red icicle”, “Honey cream”, “Orange miracle” , "Liana", "Siberian early", "Heavyweight Siberia", "Russian domes", "Friend F1", "Sugar cream", "Premium F1", "Orange Miracle", "Blagovest F1", "Tarasenko Yubileiny" Gift of Volga.

Use fresh, not bad in sandwiches and salads, do not crawl. In hot dishes retains all the healthy properties and taste. It has a delicate sweet taste.

Fully suitable for conservation, the fruits do not crack and do not lose their shape, which gives the elegance of conservation. Suitable for the production of tomato paste, sauces, not suitable for the production of juices.

Below you will see some photos of Khokhloma variety tomatoes:

Watch the video: Red. Wikipedia audio article (December 2019).

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