Crop production

Grapes - Pavlovsky Ayut - a hybrid form of early maturation

Ayut grapes are ideal for lovers of early grapes.

Does not require additional care, frequent weeding.

The variety is named in honor of the river Ayuta, flowing in the Rostov region. It was launched in 2012. Included in the list best varieties of amateur breeding EG Pavlovsky.

Description of the Ayut variety

"Ayut" is hybrid form of table grapes. It has a great muscatel flavor and taste.

Bogatyanovskiy, Muscat Novoshakhtinskiy and Veles are also distinguished by their magnificent muscatel taste.

The flesh is crispy. Edible thin skin, but very strong, has a sugar bouquet, when eating is not felt.

Before sugar appears nutmeg. Its taste is delicate, reminiscent of a tea rose. The finish is rich. The texture is hilly, dense, similar to the Rochefort variety.

The distinctive feature of Ayut is a stable crunch., both at the main crop, and at the stepson.

Appearance of grapes

Bunches are beautiful cylindrical or cylindrical conic. Berry large from 10 to 12 grams fleshy juicy, size 28x32millimeter. When overriding may increase in size.

The berries are dark purple, reminiscent of black cherries. Clusters are semi-friable, medium density. Cluster weight from 500 grams to 1 kilogram.

From the scallop berries break off with difficulty. Have to use a knife or garden shears.

Good high vine tolerance. The initial matured stages of the vine fall at the end of July. Flower velvet bisexual.

Excellent aging of the shoots. Berry does not choke, has excellent product quality and transportability. New hybrid varieties are several times more expensive than conventional varieties.

High product quality is also demonstrated by Daria, New Century and Kishmish Radiant.

An introductory photo of Ayut grapes can be viewed below:

Breeding history

The grade "Ayuta" is a crossing of grades Roseanna and Cardinal steady (Roseanna * К-81). The author of the variety Ye.G. Pavlovsky has been successfully selecting varieties for thirty years.

This variety can grow in different parts of Russia. But especially well, Ayut takes root in the Black Soil Region.

Due to the large sugar accumulation, it can be grown in cooler regions. Climate conditions of the region do not affect the taste.

At the moment, Evgeny Pavlovsky is developing new promising forms. Under the order grows more than two thousand varieties.

His works are known not only in Russia and the CIS countries, but also abroad.

Yield

Distinctive feature - early ripening: from 95 to 105 days.

The ayut ripens simultaneously with the varieties of the Beauty of Nikopol and Delight.

The form has a high amount of harvest. By the end of July, the grapes may already be over-ripe.

But on the bushes is long, can survive until frost, without losing their taste.

Frost resistance to minus 23 degrees Celsius. The berries do not crack, do not rot, do not crumble. There have been cases of successful vaccination of Ayut on Vyshenka and New Russian bushes.

Berry varieties Ruta, Galahad and Ruslan are also not susceptible to cracking.

The very root-own bush must be planted in the fall. In the spring all the buds open and grow well.

Each shoot is rather big and well fruitful. On each branch has three inflorescences. Pollination is excellent.

Ayut is dependent on stock. Bushes vigorous. The grade is not subject to a pea. The load depends on proper nutrition. Fruitfulness increases with the growth of the bush.

Diseases

No signs of disease were observed in Ayuta. Increased resistance to mildew and oidium, equal to three points. Good resistance to fungal diseases. Not affected by gray mold. Anthracnose, chlorosis and bacteriosis will not disturb you with proper prophylaxis.

Ayut should be grafted onto different rootstock bushes in order to resist phylloxera, excessive soil salinity, freezing and groundwater.

The grade "Ayuta" does not give in to wreckers. Due to the dense skin of the berries, the grapes do not eat wasps.

Standard preventive treatments should be performed. With two occupational diseases, diseases are completely excluded. To help the seedlings adapt, you can save these shrubs with special rootstocks. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully treat those bushes that already exist.

Attention should be paid to the fact that if a bush develops poorly, is unified with animals or is beaten by hail, it should not be thrown away.

This means that the planting area will fall out of the grape planting due to soil fatigue.

And, of course, it should be remembered that for planting it is necessary to choose only healthy and strong seedlings with shoots of growth.

The secret of nutmeg flavor

Ayut is hybrid form of table grapes. It has a great muscatel flavor and taste.

The flesh is crispy. Edible thin skin of grapes, but very strong, has a sugar bouquet, when eating is not felt.

Before sugar appears nutmeg. Its taste is delicate, reminiscent of a tea rose. The finish is rich. The texture is hilly, dense, similar to the Rochefort variety.

The distinctive feature of Ayut is a stable crunch., both at the main crop, and at the stepson.

Origin

The Victoria grape variety is a novelty on the fruit shrub market. This is a hybrid, derived from the hard work of many years of professional breeders.

The variety was obtained by crossing the grapes of Vitis Amurenzis, Save Vilar and Vitis Winifers.

Thanks to the work of scientists, we have a table variety that combines almost all the advantages of the "parents", but absorbed some of their drawbacks.

Plant description

Victoria grape bush looks attractive and very decorative. The plant has developed roots, but adds to the growth at an average rate. From the beginning of the growing season to the harvest, an average of four months elapses.

From one adult bush, 50 kg of berries are harvested - that is, the average yield. The foliage of the plant has a characteristic five-toed shape, a dark green color. Leaves with notches, which give the grapes a special decorative effect.

Clusters grow medium size, have a cylindrical shape, rather loose. The average bunch weight is 500-700 grams, sometimes more. The more tall a bush grows, the larger clusters form on it. That is, in this case there is a direct relationship between the age of the bush and the size of the brushes.

Grapes ripen evenly, however, experienced growers advise not to rush the harvest. The berries are poured in a small amount, and hanging a little longer, they become especially tasty and sweet.

The flowers of the plant are all female, so for pollination you will have to plant grapes of a different variety beside. The best pollinators for Victoria grapes are the varieties Augustine, Kishmish radiant, Crystal.

Description of berries

The appearance of the Victoria grapes is remarkable: the berries look very beautiful - they have a pink-purple color and become transparent under the sunlight.

The ripening of berries occurs evenly - approximately 115-120 days from the moment of the ovary of flowers. The size of the berries is average, closer to large. Average parameters - 25x21 mm, weight - 5-6 g. The largest weight of berries - 8 grams.

The shape of the fruit is correct, oval-elongated, slightly conical. The taste is pleasant and rich, very sweet. If you follow the advice of experienced growers and leave the clusters a little longer to hang on the bush, the berries will acquire nutmeg notes.

Sugar content is high - 17-19%. Sweet berries grow, even in cool regions where there are few sunny days.

Pulp is dense, fleshy, covered with thin edible peel. Due to the fact that the skin is so thin, sometimes with a large amount of berries, it cracks. Photos of grapes on our site.

Advantages and disadvantages

Consider all the strengths and weaknesses of the grape Victoria.

  • The variety ripens early, which makes it possible to grow it not only in the south, but also in cooler regions.
  • The taste of the fruit is sweet, with nutmeg notes, very pleasant. This grape is good both fresh and processed.
  • The appearance of the bunch is impressive - the berries are large, have a beautiful color, sit on the brush evenly.
  • The grade gives a quite good harvest - at an excellent commodity look and uniform maturing of clusters.
  • Grapes Victoria has a good resistance to common diseases of fruit bushes. Besides the grade maintains frosts to-27 degrees.
  • The variety rooted easily, at the level of 90-100%.

Some reviews on the Internet report the overly whimsical nature of this plant. However, this unpleasant moment can be associated with flaws in care and the wrong choice of the place of cultivation.

The skin, because of its subtlety, often cracks, which reduces the commercial quality of the berries. And because of the sweet taste, wasps fly to the vineyard.

If we ignore the next pruning and allow a large number of clusters to form on the bush, the berries will become small, they will begin to “pee”.

Where better to grow

This grape variety due to its good frost resistance and early ripening can be grown not only in the south of the country, but also in the Volga region, in the suburbs.

Suitable variety for Siberia and the Urals - but in this case, the shrub requires a mandatory winter shelter. For cultivation on an industrial scale variety is not intended, but for the amateur - completely.

Landing time

Victoria variety - skoroplodny, and gardeners can see the first crop already on the second or third year after planting. October is considered the best time for rooting seedlings. However, it is necessary to take into account the specific climate of the region - it is important that the sapling has time to take root in the ground before the first frosts catch the soil.

But if we talk about cool regions, then spring planting is more suitable - in April.

Site selection

The place for a bush is necessary for choosing, well protected from a wind. It is very good if on the north side the planting of the grapes will be protected by the wall of the house, fence, any other building.

The soil should be light, not swampy. Black soil is an excellent option: if the soil on the site is infertile, it must be fertilized.

Rooting

Planting is carried out according to the standard scheme and is no different from rooting other table grapes. The plant is well propagated by cuttings, so you can easily get a quality sapling from your own bush, not necessarily purchased in a nursery.

In addition, you can graft Victoria cuttings on bole tall bushes of other varieties - in this case, the crop will be larger and more abundant.

Care features

Young plants for the winter must necessarily be sheltered, which will help the plant to survive the cold safely. As a shelter, they use garden non-woven materials, the root circle is powdered with dry soil and fallen leaves.

An adult plant in a warm climate can winter without any shelter. But starting roughly from the Volgograd region and to the north, shelter is also needed for the adult vine.

Due to the fact that Victoria berries are prone to cracking, watering should be approached correctly. When the berries begin to ripen, watering is minimized, sometimes almost completely stopped - if the weather is rainy.

If the weather is dry, watering is also necessary during the ripening of the berries, but very moderate. Re-wetting of the ground should not be allowed, since in this case the skin on many berries will crack.

Attention: if you live in a rainy region, build a canopy over a grapevine - it is possible and temporary, for the ripening period, a year. This measure will protect the fruit from cracking too much.

During the growing season, it is recommended to regularly feed the vine bush.In early spring, we also recommend adding ash under the shrub to provide the plant with important minerals. The plant needs nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus - the main microelements. Nitrogen contribute in the spring, and potassium with phosphorus - in the summer.

Due to the fact that the flowers in this variety are exclusively female, the bush is prone to overload. In order to prevent too much of the grapes (which leads to the grinding of berries), it is necessary to carry out the correct pruning.

It is recommended during this procedure to leave no more than 30 fruit buds (eyes) on the bush. On one shoot, thus, 1-2 clusters are formed, not more.

The lower brushes are all removed when trimming. This is due to the fact that the brush in the lower part of the bush is poorly illuminated by the sun and therefore quickly rot, may get sick, infecting the whole plant with fungus.

A bush is usually formed traditionally with a fan. This method allows you to provide the best ventilation of the bush.

Rot - gray and white

These are also fungal diseases that can affect grapes. As a rule, rot is caused by waterlogging of a plant, growing it in a too shaded place. Diseases are dangerous and if you do not pay attention to them, will lead to the death of the entire bush.

With this disease, due to lack of chlorophyll, grape leaves turn yellow and wilt. They treat the disease with special preparations with iron, which are sold in garden stores.

This is probably the most dangerous and annoying of all pests that threaten grapes. Because of its sweet taste and thin skin, berries are a tasty morsel for insects.

Wasps cause great harm: spoil the crop, do not let the gardener to go to the bush. Protect the bush from insects with special covers that let in light and air.

We met with grapes Victoria. This unique variety of fruit crops can boast of high frost resistance along with a great appearance and taste of berries.

For our cool climate, Victoria is quite like: therefore, having mastered the not too complicated wisdom to take care of, you will be able to grow wonderful grapes in your garden.

Characteristics and description of the Victoria grape variety

Grapes victoria conditionally divided into the following varieties belonging to the main group:

  • Pink Victoria The berries have a purple-pink color, large-sized fruits. Fruit shrubs, medium height. Provide up to 60 kg yield. Fruits form and mature relatively early.
  • White Victoria This variety is a variety of early ripening, the first crop, as a rule, can be harvested after 115 days. It is highly resistant to major diseases. The berries are painted in yellow-green tones, medium size. Clusters are formed small, not more than 500 grams. Needs a strong stock. Quite bravely tolerates temperatures up to -27C.
  • Romanian Victoria. This variety of Victoria grapes ripen quite early, but unevenly, as a result of which you can observe different colors in one brush: yellow, pink and white. A bunch like a pink grape forms up to 1 kilogram. Fruits in a brush loosely adjoin to each other, forming emptiness. The plant is abundantly and stably fruits.

Generally, Victoria grapes unpretentious to climatic conditions. It can be grown in Siberia and the middle lane.

Victoria grapes are usually grown for personal use or for sale on the market. Growing Victoria is extremely cost-effective, since the table variety has a presentable appearance and harmonious taste.

Matured quite early, the duration can vary from 115 to 120 days from the time of disclosure of the kidneys.

On miniature and compact bushes are formed bulk clusters with fairly large fruits. The weight of a conical brush varies from 500 g to 1 kg. The shape of the berry is oval, rather egg-shaped up to 22 * ​​28 mm. The color range of the berry can be white, pink or red-violet.

Tastes are excellent, and when fully matured, nutmeg begins to predominate. Under edible skin moderate density contains juicy, moderately elastic flesh.

It is worth noting that this culture does not apply to bisexual plants. Flowers of the same sex - female. To obtain the crop, it is necessary to carry out pollination in other varieties. Varieties pollinating Victoria grapes should bloom with her at the same time.

The level of sugar content is approximately equal to 18%, and the acidity of about 5 grams per 1 liter.

Fruits excellently, the average ratio is equal to 1.6. Thanks to the rationing of the grapes on the vine, excellent harvest safety is ensured. The branches are strong, powerful and elastic, do not break off under the influence of excessive weight brushes.

In adverse weather conditions pea fruit is carried out. Seedlings rooted in almost 100% of cases.

Culture is characterized by high resistance to oidium and mildew. Frost-resistant, transfers frosts in - 27C. Favorably responds to agricultural practices.

Selection of seedlings

When purchasing seedlings, be sure to ask about the full and exact name of the plant. It is worth noting that all existing representatives of early ripening varieties are frost resistant. Severe bad weather is transferred at the proper level.

Maturation is carried out in the interval from August to September. Usually, period from the beginning of flowering to harvest It takes about 4 months. Harvest time depends on the climate of the area.

Root the plant is recommended in the fall. Thus, it is taking root more quickly and gives berries before, in comparison with the spring planting. In spring, seedlings often have frozen parts of the root system, weak and dry, with obvious traces of stains, growths and mold. As for high-quality seedlings, they are painted in brown tones, quite high (at least 0.2 meters), even. At least six healthy buds are placed on strong seedlings. Plants, planted in autumnbegin to bear fruit for 2 - 3 years.

Description of elite or top-quality seedlings

  • such representatives have at least four thick roots (from 0.3 cm), which evenly depart from the trunk to a length of at least 30 cm,
  • the first grade of seedlings is distinguished by a lower concentration of radicular processes, and the presence of mature growths (at least two nodes),
  • Strong cuttings are sure to take root, provide their owner with a bountiful harvest, and will be more resistant to mechanical and climatic manifestations.

Reproduction of grapes Victoria

Victoria grapes seedlings take root in the warm season: the end of March - the beginning of June. To achieve the most optimal rooting conditions, it is necessary to cover the root system for adaptation in a new environment.

As for the autumn planting, it should be considered in more detail. In autumn, more precisely, in mid-October, reproduction can be carried out in several ways:

  • grafting on stocks
  • own roots.

Before the onset of frost, cuttings must take root, be fed with vitamins for the winter. As for the choice of place in the summer cottage, it should be sunny, well lit, protected from gusts of warm and unshadowed. Should you take note that Victoria grapes are afraid of drafts and an important condition for their full development and growth is their absence.

Before planting a seedling, it is necessary to prepare a hole in advance. Cuttings must be deepened into the ground for a distance of at least 1 meter. As for the width of the pit, it should not be 80 cm. The bottom should be covered with 5 cm of gravel. The soil must be mandatory Enrich with humus (at least 2 buckets), thoroughly mixed with the soil. Cuttings must be carefully dripped to the neck of the roots. The land around is slightly tamped and poured abundantly with water (at least 2 buckets). The pit around the mulch, allowing the root system to feed on oxygen.

The interval between the bushes should be at least 1.5 meters.

With the help of grafting, the variety is propagated onto a strong-growing stock of another variety. For a bountiful harvest it is necessary that the cutting be with 2 3 eyes. To preserve moisture, the upper component of the slice is coated with paraffin, and the lower one is cut in a wedge-shaped manner, so that it is in close contact with the stock. Place rootstock must be carefully cleaned, cut for grafting Victoria grapes. To maintain the position of the stock, it is recommended to cover with a thick cloth. In order to prevent pest infestation, the vaccine is abundantly covered with clay, watered and covered with mulch.

How to care?

The Victoria grape variety needs special care. It is especially important to carry out all manipulations during the first 4 years, since during this period the further development of culture is laid.

Manipulations that need to be carried out regularly:

  • harboring
  • loosening
  • nip
  • weed removal
  • garter,
  • top dressing
  • trimming
  • watering.

It is worth noting, that top dressing is crucial. In the description of the existing modes should include:

  1. Nitrogen fertilizers in the spring, in May,
  2. At the time of formation of the ovary, it is recommended to bring a mixture of potassium and phosphorus, at the rate of 1 to 2. Approximately 30 grams per bucket of water,
  3. When the formed berries begin to ripen actively, changing color, it is necessary to carry out the last enrichment with mineral fertilizers. The recipe is as follows: 25 g of potassium sulfate is thoroughly mixed with 50 g of superphosphate, the mixture is diluted in 10 liters of water. The resulting solution must be watered root part of the plant.

The berries are very beautiful, bright, red-crimson, translucent in the sun. Their average weight is 6-7 grams. The shape is oval or ovoid, the taste is sweet, the pulp is juicy. Thin peel is the reason that when sudden changes in humidity in the soil berries burst or "crack" in the language of winegrowers.

If you are not tempted by the sweet harvest earlier and wait for full ripeness, they will acquire a nutmeg flavor. Clusters are rather loose, rather large, 500-700 grams or more. Transportability and market properties are good. Early maturity (110-120 days).

Unfortunately, the variety is very fond of wasps, which greatly hinders its cultivation on an industrial scale. It is easier to protect the harvest at the dacha: it is necessary to destroy all the nests found, place ordinary and poisonous traps near the ripening clusters, or put on special mesh bags.

Victoria's bushes have a slight growth power. Five-lobed leaves, medium size. Shoots mature perfectly.

Variety is prone to overload. The coefficient of fruitfulness (the number of clusters per vine) is 1.4-1.8, so the brush should be normalized, leaving no more than one to escape. Pysynki better to remove, despite the fact that they are also fruitful.

Some winegrowers, fearing the spring crying, carry pruning in the autumn. The optimum load is 25-30 buds per bush. On the vine it is 5-8 eyes. However, you can cut and shorter, 2-3 buds, because it is at the base of the shoot, they are the most fruitful. Molding is convenient fan.

Frost resistance is one of the best for grapes, -26 ° C. Perhaps this characteristic leads to the promotion of the variety to the north. And with a lack of sun and heat, there are problems with pollination and aging that many growers do not like.

Planting and care

Victoria variety is very productive, so the bush is often overloaded. This is the biggest disadvantage of the variety. Due to the abundant fruiting fruits become small, and some berries do not ripen. In order to prevent such consequences, the growers must regulate the growth of the bushes by cutting off the excessive bunches.

Victoria is well propagated by cuttings, it is even permissible to inoculate it on a taller variety.

When planting you need to take into account a number of rules. First, the distance between the bushes should be several meters. Secondly, it should be planted deeply, otherwise it will not withstand low temperatures.At the same time, the hole needs to be buried only by half to ensure rapid heating of the soil, and, consequently, the development of the seedling. Third, the bush requires regular watering. And, finally, when ripening clusters, they must be tied up in order to preserve the branches.

Victoria grapes tolerate frosts down to -26 ° C. However, in conditions of the middle band, we need insulation for the winter.

History of breeding, description and characteristics of the grape variety Victoria

The Victoria grape variety has been known for a very long time and is a hybrid form derived from the European and Amur grape varieties, from which it received high winter hardiness and yield, unpretentiousness in cultivation and resistance to many diseases. The variety is bred by domestic breeders in the city of Novocherkassk. One of the "parents" of Victoria is a variety of Save Vilar 12-304, which has high frost resistance. Another is a hybrid, derived from the varieties Vitis Amurenzis and Vitis Winifers, that is, having both European and Amur "roots" in their pedigree.

In the selection process, a hybrid came out, very similar to the Japanese varieties bred at Uehara station, and one of the first versions of Victoria’s name was exactly that, Uehara, which still causes some confusion in the information about grape varieties.

In addition, it is quite natural that the popular word "Victoria" was used not only by Russian breeders for their products: grapes with the same or similar names exist in other countries. Such, for example, are the Romanian Victoria, Victoria Gönge in Hungary, Victoria White in Ukraine and others. Therefore, when buying a bush or cutting, you need to thoroughly understand what is offered: these varieties are very different in their characteristics.

The Russian Victoria in question is extremely winter-hardy: the bush normally winters without shelter at temperatures as low as –27 ° C. In this regard, it is successfully grown not only in the southern regions of Russia, but also in the middle lane and even in Siberia. However, with a lack of heat, problems begin to pollinate flowers and ripen berries. At the same time, in the middle latitudes, light shelter is required for winter grapes, and approximately starting from the Volgograd region, Victoria is not covered for winter.

Victoria's shrubs are small: the strength of their growth is characterized as moderate or even weak. The leaves are dark green, medium-sized, five-lobed, with a slight pubescence. With proper care, the shoots ripen well, but due to the fact that up to 90% of them are fruitful, without regulating the harvest, the bush tends to preserve all the berries, as a result of which they shrink and the vine does not ripen. The yield of the variety is high even after the removal of part of the clusters. The variety is easily propagated by cuttings that root well. Victoria has an increased resistance to major fungal diseases.

The variety is considered skoroplodny: begins to bear fruit in the second or third year. Victoria - grapes of early ripening: from the beginning of the growing season to full maturity of the crop takes about 4 months. In the Non-Chernozem region, crops are harvested at the end of summer, in Siberia - at the beginning of autumn. The flowers are only for women, therefore, to get a normal crop, it is imperative to plant some bushes of other varieties nearby, which will serve as pollinators. These varieties should bloom at the same time with Victoria, the best options - Kishmish radiant, Augustine, Crystal.

The clusters of the variety are large, beautiful, weighing up to 700 g. Their shape is often conical, the packaging of berries in clusters is medium to dense. Berries of medium size, ovate-ovoid, weighing from 5 to 8 g, very beautiful, bright color. The basic tone is red, with a crimson hue, the berries shine through in the sunlight. Specific coloring depends on weather conditions and even on the nature of the variety planted as a pollinator.

The berries are very juicy, they emit a small crunch when consumed, the taste is harmonious, but rather sweet: the sugar content reaches 19%, and the total acidity does not exceed 6 g / l.Completely ripened berries acquire the light aroma of muscat. The skin is very thin. Being a plus when using berries, this fact reflects badly on the stability of berries to drastic changes in humidity, they easily burst. Transportability and good properties.

Unfortunately, the variety is heavily affected by wasps, which limits its cultivation in large farms, where it is much more difficult to deal with flying insects than if there is a single bush in the summer cottage.

Grapes varieties Anyuta or favorite Krainova

The author, Krainov V.N., called her a favorite - for the completed bunch, for the beautiful berry, for the tender flesh and the finest nutmeg. Anyuta grapes - the description, the author's characteristic, a brief technological assessment of the variety. What will please the grower - the opinion of farmers, reviews of grapes. Nuances of agricultural technology, photos, videos from the owners.

Description, technological characteristics

The hybrid form of Annie belongs to the amateur selection - although it is difficult to call the breeder's work amateur. And Annie is too good: in 2012 she received the first place, as the best sample of table grapes - the second place.

Used as a commercial table variety, on amateur vineyards. The tasting score is high, the chemical composition indicates a good balanced taste - sugar 17-20%, acidity 5-7 g / l.

The dates are middle-late, sometimes refer to late, ripening during 140-145 vegetative days. In the south of Ukraine and the southeast, southeast of Russia, Annie ripens in mid-September, roughly in his second decade.

Attention! The speed of implementation of clusters refers to mid-season, but on the bush for a long time - up to 3-4 weeks. Occasionally, in overexposed brushes, there may be berries with an empty cavity.

Productivity is stable, high. With a coefficient of 1.3 - 8-10 kg from a mature root-bearing bush.
Parent couple star: Kishmish Radiant and Talisman (Kesha 1). Annuta received a pink-rosy brush from her parents - they say the genes of Kishmish, productivity, coupled with decent taste, as a legacy of the Talisman.

Description from the author Anyuta, supplemented with the characteristic of practitioners of dowelling:

  • High-growth grape bush, powerful, with a good percentage of vines ripening - at least 90%.
  • The flowers are bisexual, pollinated perfectly.
  • Conical symmetrical clusters of grapes of average density, obviously not loose. The weight of each is impressive: at the start of fruiting, in the first years - up to 0.7 kg, on the 4-5 year - from 1.2 kg to as much as 1.5 kg. According to reviews, individual brushes of grapes reach 2 kg.
  • The oval (ovoid-oval) berries, in full ripeness, turn bright crimson in color, bypassing many shades when ripe, from amber to almost ruby, crimson-pink.
  • Berries delight size - 15-20 g with a length of 3.5 cm on average. Attached firmly on the stem, do not crumble - storage, transportability at a high level.
  • The skin is strong, the wasp is not pierced, but it is eaten easily. The flesh is dense, pleasantly crunchy, while tender. Bones are large, 4 pieces per berry.
  • The taste of grapes is decent - with high accumulation of carbon, balanced, in full ripeness - with a very light plume of nutmeg. Muscat flavor is mild, which is why many breeders call the taste not muscatel, but harmonious. Winegrowers note the similarity of color and taste with Radiant Kishmish.

Tip! You shouldn’t hurry to cut grapes: Anyuta is colored completely before sugar content is gained.

Agronomic moments

  1. The form is prone to overload. The optimal load is about 40-45 eyes on an adult root-bearing grapevine. Pruning vines recommended for 8-10 buds.
  2. In the continental part of Russia, in the northern regions, to avoid problems with the maturation of the vines and the harvest, the bushes lead with "underload".

The resistance of grapes to diseases is described as average: by 5.5-7 points, to 3.5-4 points to mildew.It does not tolerate overmoistening, a humid climate: its low resistance to diseases, cracking of berries is manifested.

  • As for breeding, cuttings rooted as rooted own well. Compatibility with stocks is high - cases of rejection are rare.
  • The winter hardiness indicated in the author's description is about -22 ... -23 ° C. Like all forms, winters under cover.

    Attention! Particularly manifested disease in the underused, young, overgrown grape bushes. In everyday life, these plants are called "fattening."

    Reviews about Anyuta

    The grapes of Annie are highly valued, even if they are inferior to the famous “Troika”. Reviews about him, about one of the best September varieties, more than positive. Winegrowers clearly ranked him among the market.

    I like everything: full brush, luxurious color, performance, transportability, high taste. Professionals point out good rooting, compatibility with stocks. Of the obvious flaws - only large bones.

    It is possible to recommend this wonderful form boldly to both the beginner and the grower with experience.

    Grapes Senator Pavlovsky: description of the variety, photo

    > Berries and fruit> Grapes> Grapes Senator Pavlovsky and his description

    The Senator Pavlovsky grape is a relatively new table hybrid obtained by crossing varieties of Present Zaporozhye and Chocolate. This variety has a rich muscatel flavor, large size of the berries and an original shade, it belongs to the early medium varieties in terms of ripening.

    Senator Pavlovsky is one of the varieties of the amateur breeder from Novoshakhtinsk Evgeny Georgievich Pavlovsky, a relatively new, but already popular with the growers.

    Grapes Senator Pavlovsky

    Main characteristics

    Grapes Senator selection Pavlovsky grows best in a mild southern or temperate climate. It is quite resistant to frost, can tolerate temperatures up to -24 ° C, but in the temperate zone it is recommended to cover it for the winter, as there is no guarantee that it will not be frosty and the thermometer will not fall below -25 ° C.

    Bushes grow quickly, form a powerful crown. The leaves are large, with pronounced slots juicy green hue. The cuttings root well, the percentage of engraftment of a young vine is high. Since the variety is relatively new, it is best to order planting material from firms engaged in its selection, as well as growing other hybrid varieties.

    Senator Pavlovsky's disease resistance in grapes is high, on average, 2.5-3.5 points. Here is the characteristic of stability in relation to some of them:

    • Mildew - 3-3.5 points.
    • Anthracosis - 3.5 points.
    • Oidium is not affected.
    • Gray rot - not affected.

    Another advantage of the variety is that it is not interested in wasps. Despite the intense muscat flavor and aroma, these insects do not eat hybrid berries at all.

    Breeder Pavlovsky, creating their new products, cares about their resistance to various fungi, bacteria and pests.

    Fruit Description

    The grape flowers of Senator Pavlovsky are bisexual, well pollinated. The clusters are large, from 700 g to 1.5 kg. The berries in the bunch fit tightly to each other.

    Because of this, when wet, wet weather can crack, losing its presentation. To prevent this from happening, some winegrowers will tie up the formed clusters with a net until they are fully ripe.

    You can see the appearance of the grapes in more detail on the photo.

    The berry is large, the average weight is 10-15 g, but it can reach 18 g as well. The size is more or less the same, no pea is observed. The shape of the berry is oval, the color is dark red, resembles a ripe cherry.

    The skin is quite thin, but strong, which is important for transportation. The flesh is juicy and fleshy, although not very crunchy. The taste is sweet, nutmeg, with a rich bouquet and rich aroma.

    Inside there are 2-3 bones, their number may vary depending on the weather in a particular season, region.

    Grapes ripen around the second half of August.The average period from bud break to the appearance of ripe berries is 120-125 days. But this characteristic applies to the southern regions.

    In the temperate zone, the ripening period may lengthen. It is important that during the ripening of the fruits on the street was dry weather, otherwise they may crack.

    The collected berries are stored for a long time, they can be transported over long distances.

    Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

    Like other varieties of grapes, the description of the Senator Pavlovsky variety has its advantages and disadvantages. The advantages include:

    • Beautiful, well filled and bright clusters. This can be seen by looking at the photo.
    • Good yields almost every year.
    • Excellent rooting and engraftment of cuttings with a high percentage of young shoots.
    • Early ripening berries.
    • Resistance to frost down to -24 ° C.
    • The same size of the berries without small peas.
    • Low attractiveness for wasps.
    • Good transportability and long shelf life.
    • The ability to use a variety of Senator for the production of wine.

    Hybrid berries are not without their disadvantages. These include:

    • Cracking, and sometimes the rotting of berries on dense clusters during rainy weather.
    • Soft, not too crispy flesh.

    When choosing any variety in your vineyard, you need to carefully compare its positive and negative qualities, and only then buy and plant it in your plot.

    Planting and care features

    Grapes Senator Pavlovsky breeder recommends planting on light and fertile soil. It is desirable that he grew up on the southern or south-western slope, was protected from wind and draft. Here are some tips for planting a vine:

    • Pit or trench should be harvested in the fall.
    • Bushes are planted at a distance of at least 1.5 m from each other, as they grow wildly.
    • If groundwater is too high, thick drainage is placed at the bottom of the pit.
    • Potash and phosphate fertilizers, ashes should be put on the drainage, and then all should be covered with fertile soil.
    • Saplings before transfer to the open vineyard day soaked, the roots are treated with growth promoters.
    • Before planting, roots are slightly shortened, excess shoots are removed.
    • After planting, seedlings are watered (about 2 buckets of water are needed per bush.)
    • In the first 3 years, the ground under the bush is mulched with straw or other organic matter, its layer must be at least 2-3 cm.

    Young bushes should be watered regularly, not allowing too much drying or over-wetting the soil. Fertilizers are applied along with irrigation. From organic it is best to use slurry or diluted bird droppings. Of the mineral should make potash, nitrogen, phosphate. Ready mixes “Master”, “Novofet” and others intended for grapes are well suited.

    Pruning should be done annually, forming a crown of the desired shape. This is best done in the fall, because during spring pruning the vine loses a lot of nutritious juices.

    In the summer, gently remove excess shoots that form the wrong crown. To avoid disease, it is necessary to regularly treat the vineyard against fungi by special means.

    We need to carefully look at whether parasites have appeared on the bushes and berries.

    Other varieties of breeder Pavlovsky

    Amateur breeder E.G. Pavlovsky regularly creates new and hybrid varieties. Its catalog includes not a couple of three, but several dozen varieties of both table and technical purposes. Here are some of the most popular ones:

    • Tulip. Superearly variety ripens 85-90 days. Clusters - 0.5-1 kg, red berries, 8-12 g with a rich muscat flavor.
    • Irene. Winter-hardy variety with early maturation about 100 days. The berries are red, of a light shade, 10-12 g. A bunch of large, 0.6-1.2 kg, well transported and for a long time retains its qualities on the bushes.
    • Swallow. Ripens in 95-100 days. The bunch of grapes is average, 400-800 g, black berries, from 8 to 12 g.It is well transported over long distances, resistant to diseases, is not affected by wasps.
    • Rhombic. It ripens very early, after 80-90 days. The clusters are slightly friable, weighing 0.5–1 kg, berries are 10–14 g. The color of the berries is black, they are conical. Well transported, the bushes grow quickly, seedlings easily take root.
    • Prima Ripens 100-110 days, growing rapidly. Clusters weighing 0.5-1 kg, pink berries, oval-shaped, with a pleasant aftertaste of nutmeg. Resistant to frost, many diseases.
    • Everest. New variety with early ripening (115-120 days). Clusters are large, 0.6-1.2 kg. The berries are large, weighing up to 15-25 g, almost all of the same size, red tint, rounded shape.
    • Ayut Very early variety, ripens in 95-100 days. Cluster 0.5-1 kg, berries - 8-12 g. The color of the berries is red with purple, the flesh is crunchy with a nutmeg smell.

    All hybrid varieties Pavlovsky - is the standard of quality and taste. This can be seen not only by the photo, but also by trying fresh berries. They are gaining more and more popularity, many professionals and amateurs want to buy them or get them into their vineyard.

    Grapes are very early ripening

    Very early table grape with increased resistance to disease and frost. The berries are black, round or slightly oblong, of simple taste, weighing up to 2.5 g. Marketability and transportability are good.

    Shevchenko variety is vigorous. In order to increase the sugar content in the berries, it is recommended to root feed with potassium (ash or potassium humate) before the berries ripen. A very early ripening period and a peculiar light nutmeg on the palate will long help to lead this variety in the vineyards of those who love the delicious berry.

    They called him not in honor of a football player, as young people think, but of the great Kobzar Taras Shevchenko.

    We also recommend to look at the grape varieties with super early maturation, early and early-medium ripening.

    Table grapes are very early ripening. The advantage of this variety is considered to be very early ripening and increased resistance to the grape scourge - mildew. We are sure that such characteristics make Timur’s presence in the vineyards of organic farmers necessary.

    Many growers are aware of Timur's tendency to “peel”, so it will not be superfluous to run down the inflorescences in the flowering period, that is, to help with pollination. From this procedure, the clusters will become fuller and more elegant.

    With good pollination, the clusters reach a mass of 400-600 g, the berries are large, 6-8 g, nipple-shaped or oval, with a pointed tip, white, with an amber tan in the sun. The flesh of the berries is crispy, dense.

    During the ripening of the berries, it will not be superfluous to feed the bush with potassium, the amount of sugar in the berry increases and the grassy tartish taste disappears. As a preventive measure, in the fight with a grape leaflet, two treatments should be carried out before flowering and after “actophyte” or “bitoxibacillin”.

    Pruning of fruit vines is allowed both long (8-10 buds) and short (4-6 buds). Frost resistance is up to -25 ° C, which is a good indicator of stability, at which only light winter shelter is possible.

    A technical grape variety that interests a very early ripening period. Early ripening of technical varieties is very important - this means that they can get more sugar, respectively, the quality of wine and juices will be higher.

    The mass of the bunch is from 200 to 300 g, the berries are medium, weighing 2-3 g, rounded, white with rozovinkoy. The taste is harmonious, refreshing. Berry pulp is very juicy, the skin is thin, but strong, which protects the flesh from damage by wasps and other gnawing insects.

    Platovskiy has a high resistance to mildew and oidium, which puts him in the first place among the white-cultivated technical varieties in the vineyards of organic farmers. Responds well to soil organic potassium or fertilizing with ready-made compost. Compost is better to make a mulch under a bush.

    The characteristics claim frost resistance to -29 ° C, although, most likely, one cannot do without a light cover.

    Pruning 6-8 buds.

    Universal grape form very early ripening. This very tender, melting in the mouth flesh with a thin tearing skin made this variety the favorite of many growers. But not every variety can boast of this.

    Clusters are not very large, up to 500 g. And thank God! At one time more and do not eat, such berries are sweet and nutmeg.

    As they say, this berry needs to be washed down with water. This grape is great for making juices and compotes. Well, very tasty turn out!

    Another of the most valuable qualities of the White Hybrid is winter hardiness (-27. ..- 29 ° C), so you can try to grow in unopen culture on the arches and gazebos. The main 3 preventive treatments with biologics should not be neglected. It will also be good to ripen organic potassium before ripening to improve the quality of the juice in the berries.

    Trimming on 8-10 buds.

    Old, classic grape variety of the All-Russian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking named after I. I. Potapenko. The variety is very early, only Russian Amber begins to ripen before it, and even then not always.

    Externally, the clusters are not impressive, but here is the taste ... Delicious crunchy, very sweet berry. Srednerosly grape variety that allows you to grow it on a single plane trellis, without requiring powerful formulations, and for organic viticulture is very important - with light forms, the bushes are well ventilated, and therefore, less sick.

    Clusters of medium size, 200-400 g, conical, moderate density and friable. Berries of different sizes are medium and large, 21 × 23 mm, 3-5 g, round, dark pink. The flesh is crispy, harmonious taste, with a good accumulation of sugar - sugar content 17-21%, acidity 6-7 g per 1 liter. Yield - on the fruitful shoot often 2-3 inflorescences.

    The variety is resistant to mildew and oidium. From the gray rot before ripening the berries, it is desirable to treat with "phytosporin" or "trichodermin". Responsive to foliar feeding.

    The hybrid form of grapes is very early ripening. Well-worn about this variety growers.

    Sphinx berry is dark blue, oval, large. The taste is harmonious, with a good combination of sourness and sugar.

    Excellent ripening of the vine - to the tips, which is important when breeding this variety. Rooting chubukov also excellent.

    A feature of the Sphinx is the late blooming of the kidneys, which makes it possible to escape from the returning spring frosts. The protection scheme against pests and diseases for this “keeper of the pyramids” is standard: two treatments from pests by the “actophyte”, before and after flowering, and three prophylactic treatments with biologicals from diseases. Frost - up to -21 ° C. Pruning fruit vines 6-8 buds.

    The hybrid form of grapes is very early ripening - PO-115 days. In principle, one of the best raisins, which can be recommended for beginners, especially organic farmers.

    Reliability resembles table grade Augustine. To taste, by the way, too, but without stones.

    The form has the strongest resistance to diseases, but in order to protect against pests such as a grape-worm, it needs two prophylactic treatments with an actophyte before and after flowering.

    Berries of medium size - up to 20 mm, weighing 4 g, ovoid, green-golden, seedless (the third class of seedlessness - there are practically no rudiments). The flesh is fleshy-juicy, pleasant harmonious taste. The clusters are medium and large, 300-500 g, cylindric, of moderate density.

    Vine matures perfectly, to the very tips, even in the north. Cuttings root normally, when using the keel gun - great. The recommended length of pruning fruit vines - 4-6 buds.


    Rylaines Pink Sidlis, RPS

    Seedless form of grapes is very early ripening. Bred at the University of Arkansas, USA, in 1982.The main positive feature of this grape is “reinforced concrete” health. It seems no disease can overcome it. It is possible to grow this variety without any biological and chemical treatments.

    The clusters of this raisin do not shine in size - up to 200 g, but they are tied up a lot. The berries are round, small, weighing 1.5 g, pink, pleasant taste, with a light aroma, reminiscent of the familiar Lydia. The seedlessness of the first class, the rudiments are very small, almost not felt when eating, the flesh is juicy, melting, the skin is dense, not thick.

    Frost resistance, according to the originator, -34 ° C, reviews confirm up to -28 ° C - apparently, the temperature of our testers simply did not fall below. That is, the variety can not cover.

    In wet weather, when the berries ripen, they may crack. Pruning vines 6-8 buds.

    Grape varieties for the Moscow region

    Kishmish Jupiter
    University of Arkansas, USA

    Basic data:

    Jupiter is a seedless hybrid form of table grapes with the participation of V. labrusca and V. vinifera species.
    It has a great strength of growth and early ripening.
    Under the conditions of the Moscow region usually matures in the first half of September.

    Very productive variety, prone to crop overload.
    Clusters are average, weighing 200-250g. medium density, berry 4 - 5 g.
    With moderate normalization of the crop, the bunch can have an average weight of about 300 g, with a berry of 5 - 6 g.

    The berry is round in shape, pink in color, when fully ripened, it is dark pink with a thick prune gourd.

    Spartan Seedless
    Seibel 13047 x Perlette.
    synonym: Kishmish Spartan

    Basic data:

    Seedless variety of American selection, early ripening, high-growth fruit variety with a cluster weight of 200-400 g, average density,

    The berry is medium in size, rounded in shape, weighing 2.5-3 g of greenish-yellow color, has the first class of seedlessness first, the taste is very pleasant, a bit non-standard for varieties having genes of vitis labrusca, at technical maturity with a taste similar to pineapple Not unusual.

    Villars Blanc Perlet, Hungary

    Synonyms: Kishmish Hungarian, GF No. 342

    Basic data:

    Kishmish № 342 - seedless form of table grapes with a very early ripening period.

    In the Moscow region, this GF matures as early.

    Kishmish No. 342 has a large growth force, a bisexual flower, a medium or large berry weighing 3-5 g, greenish-white, with a thick prune-like bloom.

    When overriding takes on an amber color.

    Seedlessness class 3, soft rudiments are sometimes felt, the taste of berries is harmonious and very pleasant!

    Waxy x Radiant radial

    VNIIViV them. ME AND. Potapenko, Russia

    Basic data:

    Ilya is a form of very early ripening, but before full maturity

    in the Moscow region and adjacent areas more often has an early or early-medium term of ripening since the variety requires the sum of active temperatures of 2300-2500 ° C. Maturity in the Moscow region in the Moscow region can vary from very early to early-mid-summer.

    (Darkie x x mixture of pollen varieties Dvietes zila and Anniversary of Novgorod)

    [P. Sukatniek, Latvia]

    Basic data:

    Silga very early 105-110 days, strong-growing variety of universal purpose. The type of flower is bisexual, a cluster of medium or large, medium density or dense, weighing 300-500 g. Berry on average 3 g.

    synonym Hybrid white (possible)

    Basic data:

    GF Dublyansky - a hybrid of national selection (Western Ukraine) with bisexual flower type.

    It has a very early ripening period of 110-115 days.

    As a table grape in the Moscow region with an average summer SAT can be consumed from August 20. In the period from August 20 to September 5, it has a nutmeg-pineapple flavor often inherent in the white-fruited hybrids of vitis labrusca.

    Sugar in this period is 16-20%, then the flavor goes into nutmeg-honey,

    signs of vitis labrusca in the taste gradually (if not reduced to nothing), then obscured by the strongest and very pleasant honey nutmeg.

    Sugar content of juice, if left to hang clusters until the end of September, often crosses the bar at 26%.

    Dublyansky is fertile, 90% of shoots are fruitful and give 2-4 clusters to escape.

    The clusters are small and medium 150-220 g, the berries are small, weighing 1.2-1.5 g, from amber to amber-pink in color.

    (Fredonia x S.D. 9-39 (V. riparia from northeast Montana))

    Brookings, South Dakota. Breeder R.M.Peterson State University of South Dakota, USA

    Synonyms: SD7121, S.D.72S15

    Basic data:

    Valiant is an early ripe variety for technical purposes, medium-grown on loamy soil, on sandy soil growth power is above average.

    Early ripening period, in the suburbs maturation occurs on September 10.

    Valiant is very productive and stable, gives 3-4 clusters to escape, a cluster of small dense 100-15 g, berry 1.2-1.5g with labruska flavor characteristic of hybrids of the isabel group, which is largely lost during the winemaking process.

    Sugar content of juice of berries 18-24% with acidity of 8-11g / 1l.

    ((Dawn of the North x Dolores) x Early Russian)

    VNIIViV them. ME AND. Potapenko, Russia

    Basic data:

    Grade of table grapes, in the conditions of the Moscow region of early ripening,

    usually ripening occurs on September 5-10.

    Growth force on loamy soil is average, on sandy soil growth force is higher.

    Clusters of medium density, sometimes loose, conical or shapeless,

    large, weighing 500-1200g. individual up to 2kg.

    Berries large 6-7g. slightly oval, green-yellow, sometimes with a tan in the sun,

    crispy, pleasant harmonious taste.

    Sugar level for table varieties is high, 19-23% with an acid content of 6-8 g / 1l.

    Delight resistant to fungal diseases, frost resistance up to -2

    (Alden x NY 46000)

    USA, Arkansas

    Total information:

    Seedless variety of universal purpose.

    In the state register of the United States adopted in 1977.

    Venus (Venus) is a seedless form of grapes with a pronounced (isabel aroma) characteristic of most hybrids in which the genes of wild North American grapes are vitis labrusca.

    Variety of early ripening,

    ripens in the suburbs on September 10-15.

    (Intervitis Magaracha x Friendship)

    VNIIViV im.Ya.I. Potapenko, Russia

    Synonym: III-14-1-1, Friendship Pink, Color

    Basic data:

    The dining form is early-medium ripening, ripens in Moscow region on September 7-12.

    The form is vigorous, the type of flower is bisexual, clusters of cylindrical or cylindroconical form, large, 400-700g., Some up to 1500g. More often dense, less often average density, elegant, very high commercial qualities, with elongated pointy berries of white-pink color, dark pink in the sun. Berry weight 5-7g.

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    Magnificent Grape Breeder - Kraynov

    Amateur selection is a very promising component of viticulture, which has already presented the world with many wonderful varieties that bring useful and tasty sunny berry.

    Sometimes the creations of enthusiastic authors from the people surpass even experienced scientists in their amazing qualities.

    The grapes of Viktor Nikolaevich Krainov are a vivid example of successful experiments set in far from laboratory conditions.

    General description of the author's breeding work

    A brief but succinct description of the grape forms derived by this talented breeder provides such epithets as big, solid, voluminous, impressive, gigantic, gigantic. Everything is about their amazing tassels and berries. Grades V.N.

    Even today, Krainova adequately withstand considerable competition even with new and improved plant hybrids, often winning the struggle for love of both inexperienced gardeners and farmers who grow grapes on an industrial scale.

    Impressive and their number, which includes more than 45 items.

    The description of the most common varieties will help to understand the reasons for the enormous popularity of the people and the grapes of VN Krainov, which go beyond the country’s borders.

    General description of the Krainova troika

    Some grape varieties obtained by the breeder enjoy a special national honor. The hybrids Victor, Novocherkassk's Anniversary and the Transfiguration make up the famous Kraynovskaya trio, the interest in which has not yet been extinguished.

    Currently, the winegrowers have not come to a common opinion about whether these are different forms of the plant or, nevertheless, one variety.

    Such disagreements have quite a weighty basis, because all three hybrids are almost indistinguishable from the outside, have similar agrotechnical properties, give large brushes and beautiful fruits of large sizes and excellent taste.

    Description varieties Victor

    The table grape of the hybrid form Victor, also called the Gift of Krainov, is relatively young, but it is simply impossible to pass by: its magnificent clusters, like a magnet, attract the eye and remain in memory for a long time.

    It belongs to the group of pink grape varieties, although the range of color of its fruits is quite wide: reaching full maturity, they can turn from yellowish-pink to dark red. A hybrid was obtained as a result of the Kishmish Radiatoe's cross-pollination with the Talisman variety.

    He became one of the first successful creations of VN Kraynov.

    The cone-shaped volume clusters of the hybrid have impressive dimensions, their average weight reaches 1 kg, and with full observance of the rules for growing and caring for a plant, you can get a crop and 2 kg each. The density of the berries on them is average.

    The fruits are oval-shaped, slightly sharpened to the tip. In length, they can reach up to 4-6 cm, and in width - up to 3 cm. The average berry weight is 10-20 g. Their flesh is dense, fleshy, it has a lot of juice.

    It is located inside a strong, but almost not felt when eating the skin and contains 1-2 bones. The taste of the fruit is harmonious.

    The tendency to pea berries is not observed in the hybrid, even in unfavorable years, Victor's harvest has approximately the same size. Due to its dense shell, the wasps are almost not damaged.

    The color of the fruit is determined by the number of sun rays falling on the berry during ripening. It is all the richer and brighter, the more the bunch received light. The level of sugar content in the berries is about 17%. Harvest easily withstands transportation, while maintaining a high-quality look.

    Vines of this grape are characterized by good aging (almost 70% of the length). It is powerful, painted in an interesting reddish tint. Shoots are characterized by high growth. The root system of the bushes is strong, well developed.

    Unpretentious saplings root easily, which greatly facilitates reproduction. The hybrid has flowers of both sexes, therefore for pollination of inflorescences it is not required to plant other grape forms next to it.

    The productivity of bushes is high: from one plant you can get up to 6 kg of juicy fruits.

    The variety is distinguished by early ripening of the crop, its growing season lasts about 100-120 days. You can enjoy sweet berries from the bush at the end of July and the first half of August, depending on the climatic conditions of the growing region.

    Victor's hybrid form is able to withstand temperatures down to -23C, but still it is better to cover the vines for the winter. Its resistance to fungal infections and pests is high. To prevent infection, it is recommended to spray the bushes of grapes with chemicals twice before flowering and 1 time after fruit ovary.

    Description varieties Anniversary Novocherkassk and Transfiguration

    Parents of the hybrid Novocherkassk anniversary are unknown. Variety Transformation is the result of a complex intersection of grape forms Talisman and Kishmish Radiant. According to external signs, both hybrids resemble much the Victor variety already described. Only thinner fruits distinguish them.

    Rich brushes of large sizes and medium density can not leave indifferent even a person far from viticulture.

    The average weight of the cluster varies from 0.8 to 1.7 kg, and giants, weighing up to 3 kg, are often encountered. The fruits have the shape of an elongated oval.

    They are large, usually weighing 12-19 g, reaching up to 3.8 cm in length and up to 2.3 cm in width. There is information from gardeners that the length of a berry can reach 5.2 cm.

    The color of the fruit changes as they ripen from white or yellow-pink to rich pink. Their taste is quite simple, but harmonious.sugar in berry juice at the level of 16.8%, and the acidity level is 5.9 g / dm³. Berries are characterized by a rapid loss of acidity when they reach maturity, therefore even not quite ripe fruits appear to have a pleasantly sweet taste.

    Fruiting steadily high. Because of the large size of the brushes and fruits, the hybrid forms need to be rationed for the harvest.

    To obtain a high-quality result, it is recommended to keep only one bunch on the shoot. Another way to solve the problem is to nip the bottom of the brush by one third or one quarter.

    Conduct such a procedure in the initial stages of the formation of the bunch, when the berries still have the size of peas.

    Early maturity of the crop. Resistance to frost at the level of Victor (up to -23C). Resistance to infections of fungal nature increased (3-3.5 points). The crop possesses excellent transportability and a great trade dress, therefore both hybrids are often grown for sale.

    Description of other popular varieties

    The legacy of VN Krainova, who devoted his life to the cultivation and cultivation of grapes, is truly enormous and absolutely all the varieties he received deserve attention.

    For the first time the work of this talented author was evaluated in 1998, when the crop was harvested from the hybrids he received, called Nizina.

    In 1999, the varieties Nina, the Tuzlovsky giant, the First-Called, Blagovest, were bred, and in the following years this list was constantly replenished.

    According to Krainov, his main achievement was the form of the Transfiguration. Her appearance for the author was akin to a revolution in the cultivation of grape varieties of table purpose.

    Particularly, Viktor Nikolayevich singled out the white grapes Zarnitsa, noting his great prospects for industrial plant breeding, and the Bogotyanovsky and Princess Olga hybrids, whose berries reach simply gigantic sizes.

    But the creator himself admitted that the latter variety needs to be improved because of the crop's inclination to crack.

    The grape variety Anyuta is one of the favorites of the author. It has a gentle, literally melting in the mouth pulp and light notes of nutmeg on the palate. But the Sympathy hybrid form, the second name of which, Victor-2, speaks for itself, cannot be confused with any other variety thanks to the extravagant raspberry color of its berries and their unique taste.

    The merits of V. N. Kraynov in viticulture can not be overestimated. He brought the selection work in the country to a qualitatively new level and became an example for many generations of enthusiasts who like the sun berries.

    At the same time, the author set a very high bar, the desire to achieve which by his followers continues to replenish the list of grape forms with new remarkable varieties.

    He proved to the whole world that sincere love, hard work and dedication allow us to achieve amazing success.

    Features of the grape "Everest" and other hybrids of selection Pavlovsky E.G.

    Grade "Everest" refers to the little-studied new hybrid forms of private grapes, which is characterized by early ripening. This hybrid has recently been grown by growers of our country.

    • Grades: Nastya, Everest, In memory of Domkovskaya, Transfiguration, Buffet, Valek, Pretty Woman, Marcelo, Ridge of Sharov, Rumba, In Memory of a Teacher, Valentine, Alpha, Girlish Grape, Charlie, Bogatyanovsky, Brilliant, Pinot Noir, Pinot, Anyuta, Asya, Lora, Cissus , Syrah, Sofia, Lydia, Bazhena, Gift to Zaporozhye, Anton the Great, Alex, Pleven, Nadezhda Azos, Monarch, White Miracle, Muscat, Ladies Fingers
    • Plant genus: Grapes
    • Type of: Angiosperms
    • Class: Dicotyledons
    • Number of births: 14
    • Number of species: more than 900
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    The variety of the table type of grape "Everest" is the result of crossing varieties "B-12-1", "Talisman" and "K-81". The author of the new hybrid form is the famous national breeder EG Pavlovsky.As a result of the experimental crossing, it was possible to obtain a variety, the ripening of the berries of which takes about four months.

    Characteristic variety

    Despite the relative novelty, the vine-growers of our country managed to appreciate the qualitative characteristics of this hybrid plant.

    The plant has an average height and is characterized by the aging of shoots throughout the length. Rooting rates when grafting are quite high. The form has high marketable value and good transportability indicators.

    Flowers are formed bisexual. At the moment, indicators of resistance to the defeat of mildew, oidiumas well as winter hardiness data are under study.

    Technical characteristics of berries

    Clusters of rather large size, with high-quality external indicators and unwilling to pea. The average weight of the grape bunch can vary from 0.6 to 1.2 kg.

    The berries are quite large, have a harmonious taste. The average weight of a single berry can vary from 15 to 25 g. During the testing process, no wasp damage was recorded. The presence of berries bursting during ripening was also not observed.

    Other varieties from the selection of Pavlovsky E.G.

    To date, several hybrid forms of grapevine belonging to the breeder E.G. Pavlovsky are actively used in the cultivation of home-grown vineyards.

    The plant from crossing the Talisman vines and Hybrid-41 vines. Early average maturity. Vigorous, with bisexual type of flowers, forming clusters with average mass of 0.5 kg. The berries have an oval shape, dark bright red color and an average weight of 15 g. Tastes are good, with the presence of a nutmeg pronounced aftertaste.

    The vine is resistant to mildew, oidium and gray rot. Criteria of winter hardiness - up to minus 24 ° С.

    The plant from the crossing of the vine "Golden Don" and "Zagrava." Early medium term ripening. A vigorous plant with bisexual flowers, forming clusters weighing 0.5 kg. The berries are rather large, weighing 15.0 g, oval-shaped, pinkish in color with a crispy type of pulp and harmonious taste characteristics.

    Grapes have a high degree of resistance to the defeat of mildew and oidium. Criteria of winter hardiness - up to - 21 ° С.

    New hybrid forms of grapes by E.G. Pavlovsky (video)

    Plant from crossing the Talisman vine with Sprinter and Hojibay type grapes. Superearly in terms of full maturation. The plant forms bisexual flowers.

    The clusters are large, weighing 0.5 kg. Berries are large, weighing up to 11 grams, oval-elongated shape and dark, bright red color. Taste characteristics are high.

    There is a nutmeg flavor and increased sugar accumulation.

    The vine is characterized by resistance to damage by major fungal infections. Winter hardiness is limited to minus 24 ° С.

    The plant from crossing the vine "Demeter" and "Nistru." Medium maturity. Vine with strong growth, forms bisexual types of flowers. The berries have an oval-elongated shape, large, matte, with a harmonious taste and weighing about 15 g. The clusters are distinguished by a pronounced conical shape, with a weight ranging from 0.5 to 1 kg.

    The vine is resistant to mildew, oidium and gray rot. Winter hardiness is limited to minus 23 ° С.

    Plant from crossing the Talisman vine and Roadside grape. Early dates for mass ripening of the crop. The plant is vigorous, forms bisexual flowers. Clusters have a weight of 0.5 kg.

    Berries superlarge, oval-elongated, reddish-purple color, weighing up to 15.0 grams. Taste harmonious. The vine is resistant to mildew, oidium and gray rot.

    The plant is obtained by crossing varieties "Hybrid-41" and "Baklanovsky". Early medium ripening.The plant is vigorous, forms bisexual flowers and clusters with a mass of 0.5 kg. The berries are round-spherical, reddish-purple coloring, weighing more than 15.0 g each.

    Taste harmonious. The vine is resistant to low-temperature regime and fungal diseases.

    The result of crossing the "Hybrid-41" and "Talisman." Very early dates for mass ripening. The plant is vigorous, forms bisexual flowers. Clusters weighing 0.5 kg.

    The berries are ovate-elongated, weighing about 12.0 g and dark red staining. Tastes are harmoniouse. The vine is resistant to mildew, oidium and gray rot.

    Winter hardiness is up to minus 24 ° С.

    Viticulturist reviews

    Grapes "Everest", the reviews of which are mostly positive, have not been fully studied and its manufacturability remains a big question for many winegrowers.

    However, a significant part of hybrids from the first wave of breeding of E.G. Pavlovsky is successfully cultivated in many regions of our country.

    More than fifty hybrids have already been tested, most of which were considered successful.

    Grapes "Senator": description of the variety (video)

    Since all the hybrid forms of grapes bred by Ye.G. Pavlovsky are relatively new, it is recommended to reproduce them by means of seedlings acquired in the nurseries.

    In order not to lose material, be sure to save it to your social network,, simply by clicking on the button below:

    New items grapes 2016

    Dear customers!

    In the spring of 2016, we offer you new varieties of uncovered grapes for arbors, arches, with increased winter-resistance, created on the basis of Amur varieties (Potapenko AI breeding), as well as novelties of dessert grapes varieties of E.G. Pavlovsky, Zagorulko V.V. Kitaychenko A.I.

    Promising varieties

    For a bowline culture, unpretentious, winter-hardy, vigorous grape varieties with good vine ripening are more suitable, such as varieties of American origin with isabelous flavors such as Alpha, Lydia, Buffalo, Valiant, Isabella.

    Another solution is strong-growing Amur varieties and hybrids with frost resistance from –30 ° C and lower. They are much tastier, and decorativeness is better due to the autumn leaf coloring that is not uncommon among Amur people.

    These varieties have already found their place in the Chernozem region, and our gardeners, summer residents will like them for their unpretentiousness to the growing conditions, yield and excellent quality juice with caramel flavor.

    One (Amur breakthrough) (Potapenko A.I.)
    Amur Breakthrough or one. He is Amur 7 (Amur x Amur). Powerful. It has exceptional winter hardiness. Clusters up to 600g, individual - up to 1kg. Berry - 4-5 g.

    , roundish, violet, fleshy - juicy, unusually pleasant to the taste. The skin is firm, but easy to eat. Wasps are not affected. Resistant to diseases. Ripens in late August - early September. Very fruitful. Excellent material for wine and juices.

    Sugar content - 25%, acidity - 7g / l. Frost resistance up to - 40ºС

    Grace Potapenko A.I.
    Grace (Triumph x Amur breakthrough) - new, winter hardy, dining hybrid form of medium ripening. Vigorous. Ripens in late August - early September. Clusters large from 400 to 1200 gr.

    The berries are quite large, round, dark blue, weighing 6-8 grams., Harmonious taste. Very sweet. The ripening of shoots, as in the whole Amur line, is high. Resistant to mildew, oidium and gray rot. Frost resistance to -40 gr.

    It can be cultivated in non-covered culture.

    Ruslan - hybrid form of grape breeding V.V. Zagorulko, obtained by crossing the Gift of Zaporozhye x Kuban. The ripening period is early, in conditions of the Black Earth region it ripens in the first decade of August. Flower bisexual. The percentage of fruitful shoots is 72.6%, the fruiting ratio is 1.2-1.4. Sugar content 17.4 g / 100 cm3, acidity 6.5 g / dm3. Shrubs of great growth power.

    The clusters are large, medium density, the average mass of the bunch is 693 g.(up to 1000g) The berries are oval, blue, the average mass of the berries is 12.1 g. The pulp is dense, the skin is eaten. The taste is harmonious, felt fruit tones (plum). Transportability is high. Resistance to fungal diseases is above average, to frost - down to minus 24 ° С.

    Feedback growers positive, can be grown as a market variety!

    Jovani - dining form of grapes early ripening 100-105 days. Shrubs of great growth power. The clusters are very large 700-1200 g, of moderate density, even and very beautiful, without a pea. Berries are very large 36-34x26-24 mm, weighing 10-12 g, nipple-like when ripe, dark cherry.

    The pulp is meaty and juicy with high sugar accumulation and light nutmeg, pleasant taste. The harvest is kept for a long time on the bushes, without losing the commodity qualities. Shoots ripen early and very well. Rooting rate is high. Annual saplings have a good growth and a powerful root system.

    Compatibility with stocks and varieties is good, strong-growing roots of Kober 5BB and Fercal are desirable. Resistance to mildew, oidium and gray rot 2-2.5 points. In wet weather, it is desirable to conduct 1-2 prophylactic sprays against fungal diseases. Frost resistance of Giovanni to -24 ..- 25 ° C.

    Marketability and transportability are good.

    Marshmallow(Talisman × Roadside) [Ye.G. Pavlovsky, amateur selection, Russia]
    Another new form of hybrid grapes created by EG Pavlovsky. One of the parents of this variety is the same "Talisman", but this time it is already crossed with the grapes of "Roadside". Also characterized by bisexual flower and good adaptability of the bush.

    Marshmallow - early ripening, ripens in mid-August. Flower bisexual. The cluster is large, elegant, weighing 500-600 g, without pea. The berry is very large, oval, red-violet, weighing 10-15 g. The taste is harmonious, crisp flesh. Bushes vigorous. Aging shoots and bruising cuttings are good.

    Resistance to mildew and oidium is resistant to gray rot. Frost resistance to -23 ° C. The shape of grapes Zephyr transportable. Dignity, which can boast grapes "Zephyr"

    Berries with harmonious taste and beautiful color. • Lack of pea. • The abundance of the crop of grapes. • Excellent resistance of the variety to fungal diseases of vineyards. • Good tolerance by frost bushes, and yields - transportation. • Long-term storage of the crop.

    Hottabych (Talisman x K-81) - dining form of selection Pavlovsky E.G. Maturing term - early average. The growth force of the bushes is big. The clusters are large up to 1.5 kg, conical or shapeless, dense and very dense.

    The berry is dark red-violet, with a bluish bloom, round or slightly oval, with an average weight of 10.1 g, the flesh is dense, fleshy, crunchy, the taste is harmonious. Berries for a long time retain their taste before the New Year! Disease resistance is high.

    This form behaves well in arbors, with early vines ripening, it is not overloaded with harvest.

    The Magnificent Seven (AIA-1 x (Rizamat + SP) - dining form of early ripening (ripening period 105-110 days). ripens in the first half of August. Selected as promising in 2008. Flower bisexual.

    The berry is oval, very large, weighing 16-18 g, when growing bushes in areas with high agrofone weight of berries reaches more than 20 g, with full ripening of yellow color. The flesh is dense, crunchy, the taste is harmonious, with a slight fruity flavor.

    GF possesses high taste qualities, well gathers sugar, there are fruit tones in the taste and light flower nutmeg. The skin is dense, eaten. The cluster is cylindrical or conical, medium loose, weighing from 500 g to 1500 g and more.

    The yield is high, needs compulsory rationing, has a very good marketability. During the tests, the cracking of the berries was not observed, the wasps were not affected. Bushes are vigorous, the vine matures well. The rooting rate of cuttings is very high.

    It was tested in a grafted culture on rootstocks Ferekal, PP1-14-14, Andros, Vierul 3. Compatibility with these stocks is good. Resistance to mildew oidium, gray rot at the level of 2-2.5 points. Frost resistance forms increased to -23 ° C.

    Features of planting and growing

    In terms of agricultural technology, Victoria is a common early table grapes. Its planting does not have any significant features compared with other grape varieties, and its particular care is related to the fact that it is a very frost-resistant variety, but requires careful pruning. Victoria is well propagated by cuttings, so you can independently grow its seedlings at home. If you already have a young bush of another variety, Victoria can be planted with a cutting or peephole in this bush, you just need to carefully read about the compatibility of varieties, for grapes it is very important. Victoria, grafted on strong-growing shrub, gives larger berries.

    Like all grapes, Victoria prefers to grow in sunny places, sheltered from the action of cold winds. Therefore, when choosing a site for planting, this should be taken into account: it is good if there is a wall near the house protecting grapes from the northern winds (or a fence). Victoria loves light soil, grows well on chernozem, but tolerates any kind of soil, except heavily marshy. It does not require abundant watering, except for the period of growth of berries. Does not like overmoistening: the groundwater level should be higher than 2 m from the surface.

    The best time for planting in most regions is mid-April. In the south, grapes can be planted in the fall, but young plantings for the winter should be covered up just in case. Planting technique is no different from other varieties.

    Despite the small size of the bush, it is not necessary to compact the planting strongly, and the distance to the neighboring bushes should be at least two meters, and better - about three.

    For spring planting in the fall, it is necessary to dig up a plot with fertilizers, filling the soil with nutrients for the next few years. The landing pit for spring planting should also be dug in autumn. The pit for this grape is dug with usual sizes, not less than 70 x 70 x 70 cm. A drainage layer is necessarily placed on the bottom, especially in the case of clay soils: crushed stone, pebbles, broken brick. A layer of soil mixed with fertilizers (compost, wood ash, nitrophoska) is poured on the drainage, and above is a layer that will directly contact young roots: fertile soil. They plant grapes deeply, leaving 1–2 buds above the ground.

    In arid areas, a vertical pipe should be placed in the landing pit in order to water the grapes directly in the root zone for the first few years. When planting, it is necessary to straighten the roots well, cover it with soil, tamp and pour. Mulching of the soil around the seedling is always in place: it prevents the soil from drying out and does not allow weeds to grow. You can plant low flowers nearby, especially the early spring flowering period (primroses, daffodils, tulips).

    In the process of growing it is necessary to periodically water and feed the grapes. Fertilizers will be enough for 2-3 years. And then, every year in early spring, 1-2 buckets of humus should be brought into the grooves dug along the periphery of the bush, and in the beginning of summer a liter jar of ash should be slightly buried in the soil. Before the beginning of flowering and immediately after its completion, foliar feeding with solutions of complex fertilizers is effective. During the growth of berries feeding should not contain nitrogen. Victoria does not like large amounts of fertilizers.

    The grapes require annual formative pruning: removal of dried shoots and excess branches, thickening the bush. The most convenient fan-shaped bush. In the spring, since Victoria’s “crying” begins early, and it looks like even a sob, pruning should be very light, and the main part of it should be tolerated in the fall.

    If necessary, spring pruning of the cut-off place near Victoria should be well covered with wood ash: this measure is not mandatory in most other varieties.

    In addition, throughout the growing season should break out extra green shoots. Pasynki, despite the fact that they are also tied berries, remove almost everything. This operation helps to ensure that only the necessary vines remain on the bush by the fall. Timely thinning of the bush somewhat reduces the risk of cracking berries in wet weather, because it contributes to the ventilation of the bush. A total of 25–30 eyes can be left on a Victoria bush, cutting off shoots by 2–8 buds, depending on their thickness and location.

    Unfortunately, it is necessary to break off the extra clusters as soon as they appear: no more than two clusters should be left on each shoot. They struggle with pea not only by breaking off extra branches: during the growth of clusters, small and dried berries are even manually removed with the help of various ancillary tools like a hard paint brush.

    Victoria, possessing high sugar content, is completely defenseless in front of wasps, which can destroy the entire crop. These striped pests have to be destroyed with the help of baits: tanks containing a sweet solution mixed with chlorophos. Naturally, it is necessary to destroy and only nascent wasp nests.

    The variety is quite resistant to diseases, but for their prevention it is desirable to carry out several sprays of the season with solutions of fungicides. In the central belt and in the north (the Ural and Siberian regions) in October - early November, the bushes should always be slightly covered for the winter. The variety is frost-resistant, it is enough to remove the grapes from the trellis and cover it with spruce pine trees.

    Advantages and disadvantages of the variety in comparison with similar ones

    Compare Victoria made with varieties of the same period of maturation. Usually such early varieties as Victor or Arkady put a little higher: they have more yields and fewer flaws. However, Victoria is almost the champion in frost resistance. And, although it is already a rather old variety, it does not give way to young ones: after all, newer is not always better.

    Among the undoubted advantages of Victoria are:

    • high yield: it has to be artificially reduced in order not to lose the bushes,
    • simultaneous ripening of berries within a bunch,
    • very good appearance of berries,
    • early entry into fruiting (often already in the second year after planting or vaccination),
    • ease of care,
    • highest frost resistance
    • excellent aging of the shoots with proper pruning,
    • easy reproduction.

    And if for many varieties the list of deficiencies takes only a couple of lines, for Victoria, he, unfortunately, is very solid:

    • caring for it is somewhat different from caring for many other varieties, mainly because of the need for serious rationing of the crop,
    • Victoria is greatly affected by wasps,
    • when the humidity of the air fluctuates, the fruits crack strongly,
    • in clusters a lot of "peas" are formed,
    • the presence of pollinating bushes is obligatory, and in bad weather years it is desirable that there are at least two of them,
    • low crop resistance to long-distance transport,
    • the instability of the berries to too high temperatures.

    Of course, all these shortcomings can be combated, but this requires the application of time and effort, and experienced growers even consider Victoria a whimsical variety, despite the fact that they recommend it for growing to beginner gardeners. Indeed, it will bear fruit without any care, but in order for the harvest to be very good, it is necessary to work. For example, it is known that vineyards stop watering a month before harvesting. But Victoria reacts badly not only to high humidity, but also to any change in her, so even in August she is watered slightly under the root. Its cleanliness makes the owner literally comb clusters with a broom or brush to remove debris and dried parts.

    All of the above leads to an ambiguous assessment of Victoria grapes.These are beautiful grapes, including those for beginners, but in order for it to be able to manifest all its positive qualities, it must be properly looked after.

    Video: Victoria's harvest on the bushes

    This year, amid rainy sores, Victoria makes me happy. Nevertheless, this variety has positive advantages: high frost resistance and disease resistance. As for wasps, the problem is solved - bags for bunches have long been waiting in the wings. In addition, despite the rains, the bush showed high yields and good pollination, without peas.

    Nadezhda Nikolayevna

    http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=567

    Victoria is a good variety, tasty, but I have not picked a single brush on my site for 8 years. The top of the tassel starts to sing and immediately the wasps are still green down as they mature, they feast. Traps do not help. Arkady is growing nearby and they don’t touch her until they get rid of Victoria. Tried to hide in the bags, but begins to wander and even more attracted wasps. I had to root out, although it is a pity.

    Osipov Pavel

    http://www.vinograd7.ru/forum/viewtopic.php?p=181246

    Victoria is quite a decent form of grapes. At FZHTTs, pollination of three seasons went well. It is very resistant to diseases, it begins to ripen early. Fully ripe berries of excellent nutmeg taste (the favorite of my women). The only serious drawback - very loved by wasps. Begin to damage at the very beginning of ripening. Be sure to hide the hrones from the wasps - otherwise it will not have time to fully mature, they will eat them. With heavy rains, the crackling of individual berries is noticed. The vine matures perfectly. For yourself to keep a bush or two is quite possible.

    Senchanin

    http://www.vinograd777.ru/forum/showthread.php?t=376

    Victoria grapes are one of the recommended grapes for growing in small areas, including as a first variety for a summer resident taking the first steps in such an interesting business. However, with some drawbacks, it does not find application in industrial viticulture. With proper care, it gives excellent harvests of tasty berries, but it requires a lot of effort for this.

    Description of grape varieties Anyuta

    Viticulture is rich in different grape varieties. Popular are usually unpretentious species that produce a generous harvest every year.

    Among them is the Anyuta grape, a hybrid with a medium-term ripening period. It was cultivated by V. N. Krainov, an amateur breeder, who crossed the “Kishmish Radiant” and “Kesha-1” bushes.

    The novelty gives a harvest after 140 - 145 days from the moment of formation of the ovary.

    Vigorous grape bushes are overgrown with attractive clusters of high commercial quality. Depending on the weather conditions on which the vines ripen, the weight of each hand can reach 700 - 1300 g. Gronki have a conical shape. Flowers bisexual. The free placement of the berries makes the structure of the fruit loose.

    Berries from the grape varieties Anyuta large. Oval grapes of rich dark pink color reach 15 g of weight and size 37 x 26 mm. The aftertaste leaves a pleasant fruit, comparable to a light nutmeg. Peel though dense, but eaten. The flesh with 4 bones is fleshy-juicy and dense. Perederzhivat crop on the vine is not worth it, because the pulp is liquefied. But the hybrid is not susceptible to pea.

    The resistance of the variety to gray rot and oidium was estimated by specialists within 5 - 7 points, to mildew - 3 - 5 points. Frost culture is excellent. Anyuta grapes can withstand cold temperatures up to - 23 ° C. Pruning of the vine is made within 8 - 10 holes. The load level of the shoots is 22 - 24, with the eyes - 30 - 35 units.

    Anyuta grapes: proper cultivation and care

    Annie's grape hybrid begins to bear fruit 4 - 5 years after planting. To obtain consistently good yields when planting a crop, it is necessary to adhere to several recommendations:

    1. Qualitatively dig the ground for the future of the vineyard, to make fertilizer.
    2. Sprinkle the bottom of the wells with fine gravel, if the nursery is located on the groundwater section.
    3. Spread humus, mineral fertilizers (phosphorus, potassium, iron) and fertile soil on crushed stone.
    4. Retreat not less than 70 cm from the foundation of capital buildings, if the grapes are planted on a common yard.
    5. Bring the root neck of seedlings to the soil surface.

    Where better to plant a vineyard

    The vineyard with bushes of varieties Anyuta is well acclimatized in areas with sufficient intake of sunlight. In shaded areas, berries ripen slowly and not always evenly.

    Therefore, it will be optimal to plant a culture on the south side of residential or business objects. The buildings will provide the nursery with protection from drafts, dangerous disruption of inflorescences.

    The vineyard itself will serve as an excellent shading arbor or sunny rooms of the house.

    When planting several bushes at one time, it is important to consider their need for space. Since Annie is prone to strong growth, it is recommended to dig holes with a minimum indent of 1 m. If the vineyard is organized around a house with a deep foundation, the pits should be separated from the building with 70 centimeters.

    Breeding grapes Anyuta

    The simplest way of propagation of grapes by Anyuta in home viticulture is cutting. The harvesting of part of the fruitful vine-yearlings is carried out during the autumn pruning before the shelter for the winter.

    Shoots choose the lower or middle, with well-formed eyes, and remove them from the foliage and tops. The cuttings are divided into 30 cm segments and placed for 3 hours in a 5% concentrate of ferrous sulfate.

    The solution will protect the workpiece from mold and other negative environment.

    Store shoots in bunches tightly tied plastic bag at a temperature not higher than + 5 ° C. In February, the petioles spread on a wet layer of conifer sawdust and wait for the first roots to appear. Next, the blanks are planted in boxes of sand, peat and compost and put on the windowsill. Young animals are transplanted to open ground in May.

    Care for grapes Anyuta

    There are several basic measures for caring for the Anyuta grape variety:

    • Watering.
    • Soil mulching with organic matter around plants.
    • Timely pruning of shoots and sleeves.
    • Preventive treatment with fungicides.

    In the cold regions of the country may need shelter vines for the winter. For this, branches are tilted, covered with earth and covered with fir paws.

    When using the site materials a direct link to ProVinograd.com is required.

    Ayut Pavlovsky's grapes: description of the variety, its characteristics and characteristics, propensity for diseases, photos

    Grapes "Ayuta" will appeal to all lovers of early varieties.

    Does not require additional care, frequent weeding.

    The variety is named in honor of the river Ayuta, flowing in the Rostov region. It was launched in 2012. Included in the list best varieties of amateur breeding EG Pavlovsky.

    Year 2012. Pavlovsky forms, 1 part

    Indeed, in the past, in 2012, she impressed me. The form is one of the newest in our vineyard, and therefore attracts attention to itself. Maturation is very early, but because

    last season was abnormal, it is difficult to compare with respect to the ripening of other grape varieties on the results of the vaccination. There were 3-4 inflorescences on the shoot, which already gives hope for a good yield. Pollination of grapes passed without pea.

    The shoots are powerful and have fully ripened to the very tips, despite the almost kilogram clusters.

    Ripening berries amicable with the rapid accumulation of sugar. The taste was very pleasant, the acid was not felt, the firm pulp. When fully matured, the nutmeg aroma was clearly felt. The weight of berries up to 15 g, oval, hung for a long time keeping the presentation and only increasing sugar accumulation.

    That's just the standard color: dark red. But nevertheless, I think that the form deserves attention. Of the large number of new products that I took to view and test on my site, first of all I identified the GF Teacher's Memories as leaders.But let's not hurry and see the results already this year.

    I think that the hybrid form Ozone will not be lost among the numerous novelties of Pavlovsky E.G. I liked it immediately early maturation and attractive color with a yellow tinge.

    This is definitely not going to scare away consumers and it is clear that the berries are ripe. A unique bright nutmeg in taste and dense flesh generally complement its advantages. The weight of the bunch while at the first fruiting is up to 500 g, the weight of the berries is 8-10 g.

    The first impression from this grape is not bad.

    3. gf Dawn of the Light (Talisman x Cardinal)

    A very interesting form of grapes with an early ripening period: in early August. Clusters are large and elegant, with almost no pea. Berries about 10-12 g, oval, dark red color. Here there will clearly be a market form: firm with a crunch of flesh, with a taste of nutmeg. Bunches transportable.

    Form productive, with good maturing of the vine to the tips. No disease was observed with standard processing of the entire vineyard. I think that this grape can successfully replace gf. Rochefort, which in some areas does not behave very well: there is a pea.

    I want to form Dawn nesvetaya did not disappoint in the future.

    4. gf Ali Baba (Talisman x K-81)

    The ripening period of this grape falls on the first decade of August. At this time there is still not much competition in the market and this grape will be in demand, I hope. But in the anomalous season of 2012, at the end of July, this grape began to zayumlivatsya.

    Matured very early! Clusters within 500 g, beautiful. Pollination is smooth. Berries up to 10 g, with a simple harmonious taste and crispy flesh. Vine ripening is very early, which gives the prospect of the spread of this form of grapes in more northern regions. And in the south, such a berry will be in demand, I think.

    Resistance to diseases at the level of Talisman.

    5. gf Ayut (Rosanna x K-81)

    Very early grapes. Last year, by the end of July, it was already clearly overripe. Clusters are semi-friable, berry up to 8 g, with dense pulp and nutmeg aroma. Shoots ripen well and early, signs of disease with the standard scheme of treatments was not observed.

    The form, of course, is interesting, but here I would prefer gf. In memory of the Master, because so far, according to my observations, it is more fruitful and beautiful in appearance. The color and shape of the berries they have the same, but to taste again won gf. In memory of the Master.

    Let's see, perhaps in other areas these forms will behave differently.

    [pwal id = "32829804 ″ description =" To view the descriptions gf. Prima, Effect and Senya click on one of the buttons below: "]

    6. gf Prima (Victoria x Super Extra)

    The steady hybrid form recommended for northern regions. The ripening period of grapes is early, but at the same time it is very early ripening of the vine without signs of disease. Form vigorous and fruitful. Clusters in the region of 500 g, the mass of berries 5-7 g

    The grapes look beautiful and attract the eye immediately. But here the taste is also at the height: a pleasant consistency of the pulp with a nutmeg, memorable aroma. There are a lot of similarities with gf.

    Victoria but the shape Prima oboepolevaya and, it seems to me, surpasses it in many ways. Time will tell.

    7. gf Effect (Talisman x XVII-10-26)

    This grape is on our site for several years. The impression is still positive, but again, I would like to note that I would recommend this form for cultivation in the northern regions: early aging of the vine and increased resistance to diseases. Productivity is high and stable.

    Not bad copes with overload: 2 clusters to escape, while maintaining high sugar accumulation. Solid pulp with bright nutmeg gives grapes an increased interest for lovers of exquisite flavors. Although the weight of the berries to 9 grams, clusters within 500 g

    The harvest can hang on the bushes for a very long time without losing the commodity and taste qualities.

    8. gf Senya (Talisman x XVII-10-26)

    Berries gf Senya the very first begin to be painted on our vineyard, but ripen completely a little later than the earliest forms: in the first days of August. The shrub is always striking with its vigorous growth, with early vines ripening and disease resistance.

    Simply chic stepchild harvest, which also has time to ripen and zayumyutsitsya. More precisely, the berries are slightly faded, but the flesh crunches when eating. In the season of 2012, at the same time, we had a bunch of the main crop and a stepson.

    Everything was delicious! One problem: the berries would be larger, but somehow 7-9 grams. not impressive for clusters under 1 kg with high taste. The flesh is juicy, with a crunch and smack of light muscat with full maturation. Because

    the berries hung on the bush for a long time, then she noted to herself: not one of them was cracked or spoiled.
    [/ pwal]

    9. gf Break (Golden Don x Zagrava)

    This is where the powerful growth force of the bush, so it is in gf. Break! With such an active growth, the trellis instantly braids and the distance between the bushes for it is 3 m very small: large shapings are needed. Resistance to diseases at the level of 3 points.

    Externally, the berries are similar to the Original, of course, but in taste there is nothing in common: juicy crunchy flesh with a simple grape aroma. Weight of berries up to 10 g, the color is very attractive for its tenderness.

    Bunches up to 500 grams, that's all ... That's why I think that we need to work with the shaping and cut the fruit arrow for 10-12 eyes. Let's look at it this season.

    10. gf Baikonur

    I'm not even afraid to make a mistake, and I can safely assume that Baikonur - This is one of the most promising new products of Pavlovsky E.G. recently.

    Grapes with a berry of 4-5 cm in size are not often found in our collections. Very original shape and dark color, closer to black, now looks interesting and profitable. Recently, we began to appear very little table grapes with elongated black berries.

    Of course, the variety is great out of competition, but here we see an earlier term of ripening: the beginning of August. The consistency of the pulp is dense, juicy with a pronounced grape aroma, rather not simple.

    For the last season of 2012, it was very difficult to determine the taste tones due to abnormal heat and a shift in the ripening period of all hybrid forms and grape varieties, but I will continue to observe with great interest.

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