The variety of tomatoes Rio Grande due to its unpretentiousness, excellent yield and ease of cultivation is now very popular among domestic gardeners. Tomatoes of this variety have a sweetish taste, medium-sized fruits, disease resistance and are excellently suited for both fresh food and various rolls and pickles.
Origins Rio Grande
This variety of tomatoes was bred by Dutch breeders in the middle of the last century and is intended for cultivation in greenhouses and in the open field.
This variety is distinguished by its versatility in use, which makes it possible to plant it not only on the dacha plots, but also on glazed loggias and warmed verandas.
Therefore, many homeowners who decide to arrange a mini-garden in their warm balcony, choose Rio Grande for growing tomatoes at home.
According to its description, Rio Grande tomatoes are a classic mid-season variety with high yield. Compact determinant bushes do not need tying and pasynkovanii, and the height of adult plants does not exceed 70 centimeters. Usually about 10 ovaries are formed on each branch, and the formation of fruits occurs from June to September, allowing you to get the maximum possible yield. Fruit picking is carried out in the phase of physiological and technical ripeness. In the future, green tomatoes ripen quickly on the windowsill, and the gardener gets an opportunity to improve the yield indicators.
Fruits are plum-shaped, dense, with juicy pulp. Reaching ripeness, tomatoes become pronounced red, weighing no more than 140 grams. The flesh is extremely tasty and sweet. The harvest is transportable and well-kept, so it can be stored for several weeks. The description of the tomato “Rio Grande Original” makes it easy to determine this variety, so there should be no difficulty with the choice of planting material.
The advantages of this variety of tomatoes include the following:
- Easy to care.
- There is no need for pinching and tying up a compact bush.
- Harvest is used for canning and salads.
- Excellent taste in ripe fruit.
- Excellent keeping quality and transportability.
- Good yield and fruiting throughout the warm season.
Given the ease of care, excellent taste characteristics and yields of this variety, many gardeners choose this variety, successfully growing the most delicious tomatoes in the garden. It is only necessary to decide on whether tomatoes will be grown in open ground or in a greenhouse and, based on this, choose the time for planting seedlings and subsequently provide appropriate planting care.
Planting of tomatoes is carried out in greenhouses and in open ground seedlings, which are pre-grown at home. Seeds on seedlings planted in early March, and transfer landings in greenhouses and open beds already in late May, when the danger of frost is passed.
Seedlings are planted in loose and light soil, which is prepared from a mixture of humus and sod land. Before planting the seeds, the soil must be disinfected, for which it is shed with a solution of potassium permanganate or calcined in the oven. When using quality planting material to carry out any additional training, including disinfecting or germinating seeds is not required.
Seeds are deepened to a centimeter and a half and poured on top with a small layer of peat. The container is covered with a film and maintain the temperature at 25 degrees. Watering the soil is not required, light spray from a spray bottle will suffice. Sprouted seedlings should be exposed to bright sunlight, and on cloudy rainy days of planting it is recommended to additionally illuminate with electric lamps. As soon as the seedlings have the first pair of full-fledged leaves, the tomatoes dive and transplant into separate pots.
After picking, transplanted seedlings should be watered with an aqueous nutrient solution of complex mineral fertilizers. You can use nitrogen-containing complexes or special formulations that are intended for feeding of tomatoes. The second feeding is done a few weeks before the expected date of transplanting seedlings into open ground.
Home-grown seedlings are transferred to the greenhouse in the first half of May, and to the open ground - not earlier than the beginning of June. In the southern warm regions of Russia, it is possible to grow in a seedless way, which somewhat simplifies the care of plantings, however with this technology of cultivation there is still the likelihood of damage to plants by a sharp decrease in temperature
According to its description and characteristics of the tomato variety, Rio Grande is unpretentious in its care, therefore growing tomatoes does not present much difficulty. This variety is recommended for novice gardeners. Summer resident will need to provide the plants on the beds the following:
- Regular watering.
- Timely fertilization.
- Creating optimal conditions for temperature and humidity.
- Spraying against diseases and pest control.
- Timely harvest.
Watering landings is not difficult, and this work should be done at least once every two weeks. During the period of maximum heat, when the temperature in the greenhouse can reach 40 degrees, watering of tomatoes should be carried out weekly.
During the planting season, 2-3 times should be fed with a solution of bird droppings and phosphorus-containing mineral complexes. The use of ready-made mineral complex fertilizers allows you to significantly simplify the feeding of tomatoes, which will be the key to growing on the garden of an excellent harvest.
The gardener should regularly remove ripening fruits from the bush, which prevents weakening of the plants, and the mother bush will form new fruits, which significantly improves the yield indicators. Harvesting is recommended every three to four days.
In the greenhouse, especially in the hot season, frequent airing should be carried out and humidity indicators should be optimized, for which a plastic or wooden barrel with water is placed directly in the greenhouse, in which compost or mullein is additionally laid. Fermentation in the barrel will saturate the greenhouse with carbon dioxide, which has a positive effect on the growth and fruiting of the grown tomatoes.
Fight against diseases and pests
Tomato variety resistant to white rot, mosaic, late blight and other diseases of tomatoes. For the prevention of fungal and viral diseases, it is recommended to take into account the rules of crop rotation and not annually place the beds in the same place or change the surface layer of the soil in the greenhouse. Excellent results show the cultivation of land before planting seedlings of copper sulphate and water hot solution of potassium permanganate.
When planting seedlings in open ground, beds are best located in those areas where cabbage, legumes and various spicy herbs were previously grown.
Such crops and tomatoes have various infectious diseases, so the gardener will be spared from frequent plant diseases. But on the site of Solanaceae to plant this variety is not recommended.
An excellent prevention of the appearance of fungal diseases will be spraying of bushes with phytosporin. It is possible to avoid late blight by mulching the soil with humus, straw and frequent ventilation of the greenhouse.
To control insect pests, various insecticides are used; such prophylactic and therapeutic treatments can be carried out only before the start of flowering. Slugs and other large pests can be collected manually, and insects during the fruiting period should be fought with soapy water or other folk remedies.
Rio Grande is a mid-season fruitful variety that is distinguished by its unpretentious care and allows you to get an excellent harvest of tasty tomatoes in the open field and in the greenhouse. The gardener only needs to provide the plantings with the simplest care, which will be the key to a good harvest.
I'm just starting to do gardening, so I didn't know which tomato varieties to choose for planting. In the market, the seller advised me of tomatoes of this variety. After reading the description of the Rio Grande tomato variety, even with my minimal experience I could easily get an excellent harvest on the site.
I tried many varieties of tomatoes, and only this variety appealed to me and my family. The taste of small fruits is extremely sweet, juicy, and growing them in a greenhouse does not pose any difficulty.
I am a summer resident with a lot of experience. I advise all my friends to recommend tomatoes of this variety, which are easy to care for and allow you to get a good harvest. I plant this variety both in the greenhouse and in the open field, and the care of plantings is not difficult.
At my dacha in the greenhouse I plant tomatoes of this variety, which are resistant to diseases, not demanding to care and allow you to get an excellent harvest. They are suitable for novice gardeners and experienced gardeners.
Tomato Rio Grande - characteristics and description of the variety correspond to all properties of classical plants of the family of solanas (lat. Solanaceae). This is a one-year culture with a well-developed system of roots, due to which it can multiply both by seed and by shoots. The upright stem of this tomato variety reaches a height of 0.7 to 1 m and is characterized by yellow-shrub-shaped flowers capable of self-pollination. The property of autogamy makes the vegetable especially valuable when it is grown at home, as well as in closed-type soils (greenhouse).
Rio Grande bushes are weak-growing. After the appearance on the stem of more than 5 ovaries, the side shoots cease to grow, directing all the nutrients to ripen the fruit. The leaves are characterized by large division and are of the potato type. During the vegetative period the bush does not require a garter and pasyonka.
Experienced gardeners appreciate the Rio Grande tomato (original) for its fertility and taste. Description of the fruits of culture:
- Considered average - reach masses up to 80−90 g
- They have an elongated oval shape and rich red color.
- Possess a sweet-sour taste and a pleasant aroma.
- The flesh of the fruit has a dense texture and a small seed content.
- Fruit juiciness is moderate.
- The skin of the tomato has an average thickness, which reduces the risk of cracking of the fruit during transportation.
It is interesting to know that tomatoes are considered vegetables only according to the way they are eaten, as they are served on the table as lunch snacks. From the point of view of botany, the fruit of a tomato is a berry.
The composition of the tomato is rich in nutrients and substancesthat are vital to the human body: fructose, organic acids and their derivatives, carotenoids, starch and proteins.
General description, features
Rio Grande is a development of Dutch breeders. Treats vegetables of mid-ripening (110-125 days) with rich return of a harvest. The bush is of a compact determinant type, ceasing its growth after the formation of a certain number of brushes (usually 4 or 5). The average height of the bush - 60-70 cm, pinching it is not required. However, with enhanced care on fertile black soil, they can stretch up to 1.5 m. A moderate stewling is at the discretion of the gardener, which is not obligatory in this case.
On one fruit brush block type usually develops up to ten ovaries. Fruits are slightly elongated, beautiful plum-shaped, smooth, even, with a strong skin and thick flesh, rich red color. Weight - from 70 to 150 grams. Well kept, being removed from the bush unripe, perfectly matured at home.
- Resistant to most common diseases.
- Not capricious, unpretentious in the care.
- It has an excellent classic taste.
- Does not need a garter, pinching, growth correction (pinching the tops and side shoots).
- The yield from the bush beats all records.
- Gradual yield of the crop, allowing for a long time to have freshly picked tomatoes on the table.
- Prolonged fruiting.
- Excellent presentation.
- Dense skin that protects from cracking, including on impact.
- Perfectly tolerates transportation.
- Fruits can be taken unripe and well to taste out of the bush.
- It tolerates difficult climatic conditions.
- Excellent transportability and excellent keeping quality.
- Allows mechanized harvesting, so it can be considered as a culture for breeding on an industrial scale.
Practically it has no drawbacks, but a high dry matter content can be attributed to minuses, due to which some dryness of fruits is noted. Therefore, the variety is not recommended for pressing fresh juices. However, it is precisely this quality that significantly increases the shelf life and the possibility of long-distance transportation.
Agricultural engineering rules
Cultivation of these tomatoes does not provide any special actions and manipulations. The original Dutch seed before planting does not require any additional processing, caring manufacturers have already done everything for us.
In conditions of a fairly warm climate, the selection hybrid of the Rio Grande can make life easier for gardeners by planting without seedlings. Joint formation of ovaries occurs even at high temperatures and under other adverse conditions that are poorly tolerated by tomatoes of other varietal varieties.
The best predecessors for the Rio Grande are onions, cucumbers, carrots, cabbage and legumes. It is not recommended to plant in the place where eggplants and peppers grew last year.
Sowing of seeds for seedlings is carried out in mid-May (in a seedless way - later, when establishing average daily temperatures within + 15C). The best soil composition for tomatoes Rio Grande - a mixture of peat, sand and humus. Despite the good protection of seeds from diseases and pests, the soil for seedlings is recommended to be heated, cooled or watered with manganese solution for the destruction of possible larvae of pests and pathogens.
In mid-latitudes, it is better to plant seedlings in the ground under the film. The earlier the ovaries are formed, the greater the chance that they will all have time to develop to full fruits.
Possible trouble growing
Rio Grande is most resistant to the main diseases of tomatoes - white and gray rot, mosaics and late blight. Minimal preventive measures will help minimize the remaining risks. To do this, it is recommended to spray the bushes with non-toxic biological products (for example, phytosporin) and mulch the soil using humus and / or straw.
When grown in a greenhouse, it must often be aired. Watering should be done moderately and only after drying of the surface layer of the soil.
Insecticides will help fight pests, but it should be remembered that they can be used only at the first stage of vegetative growth, before the start of mass flowering and the formation of ovaries. If aphids are affected, the leaves and stems are carefully treated with soapy water.If naked slugs are noticed on the site, it is recommended to use an aqueous solution of ammonia in the form of regular spraying of plants and spacing.
Application of fruits
The two most promising directions for the use of the harvest are whole-fruit conservation and long-term storage for fresh use in salads and other dishes. In favorable conditions, the fruits can lie without loss of quality and presentation before the New Year. The variety is also suitable for making sauces, ketchups, mashed potatoes and other tomato products.
The variety of Rio Grande is so versatile and unpretentious that it is possible to recommend it for cultivation even to beginners taking the first steps in gardening. He easily forgives many agrotechnical imperfections, the imperfection of the soil composition, lack of care skills and fruits even under cranky weather conditions. Therefore, connoisseurs of garden classics remain loyal fans of this variety of tomatoes for many years.
Planting and growing
Basically, this type of tomato is grown seedlings. In areas with a hot climate, it is possible to plant seeds immediately on a permanent cultivation site. Before placing the seeds in the ground you need to carry out their preventive processing. To do this, the seeds need to soak in a solution of potassium permanganate for 2-3 hours.
Sowing seeds in boxes and containers should be carried out in early or mid-March. For better and faster germination, it is desirable to use loose soil with the addition of a small amount of sod and humus. It can be prepared in advance at the end of autumn.
Seeds should not be deeply deepened. It is desirable that the soil layer on top of them was no more than 1 cm. You can simply put the seeds in small holes and sprinkle with a thin layer of peat on top.
Cover the crops container with a thick transparent bag or film. It is advisable to take care that the air temperature was not lower than +25? C, since it is optimal for germination. During the period of seed germination watering the soil is not required.
When visible signs of drying of the upper layer, you can sprinkle the soil with warm water from a spray bottle. When the first shoots appear, the film should be removed from the box and the seedlings should be exposed to bright light. If the window gets a little sun or long cloudy weather, the shoots need to provide additional artificial lighting.
When a seedling has the first pair of true leaves, you can dive it. After that it is recommended to carry out the first top-dressing with mineral fertilizers. Transplantation of the grown seedlings in the greenhouse is possible already in the last days of April. It is recommended to plant tomatoes in open ground in early June, when the threat of frost has passed and the soil has warmed up sufficiently.
It is not recommended to make the landing too compact: for 1 square. m optimally arrange 4-5 plants. It is better to adhere to the landing scheme 50x40 cm. In further culture should ensure regular watering, which should be carried out with warm water. However, care should be taken that water does not stagnate in the upper layers of the soil and in the root zone, as tomatoes do not like excessive moisture.
Agrotechnica care for tomatoes varieties "Rio Grande" is standard for such crops. It consists in timely weeding, loosening of the soil, top dressing, treatment from diseases and parasites in case of their appearance on foliage or fruits. Fertilizers after planting in a permanent place, you can make another 2-3 times between dressings. Tomatoes respond well to phosphorus-containing drugs and making a solution of bird droppings. It is possible to accelerate the development and ripening of fruits by feeding plants with a natural mullein.
When grown in greenhouse conditions, it is desirable to regularly conduct airing.
Tomato Rio Grande can be attributed to the long-grown classical garden crops. Tomato Rio Grande, which characteristic and description of the variety brought popularity, has the following properties:
- grown in a closed and open way,
- refers to the average maturity,
- resistant to climate conditions.
The country where the variety is produced is Holland. The purpose of breeding - growing in the soil and greenhouse. The bush has a compact size and a moderate amount of leaves. It does not need to be tied up, its height reaches 70 cm. Up to 10 ovaries appear, after which the fruits are formed throughout the summer season. The process ends only in the middle or end of July. The harvest can be removed in different phases of maturation (technological and physical).
Tomato Rio Grande
Characteristics and characteristics of the variety
High-yielding Rio Grande ripens in the middle period (mid-season). From germination to harvesting takes from 110 to 120 days. Sweet fruits are characterized by dense pulp and not very large size. They are beautifully stored. When harvesting greens can stay fresh until the New Year. Possess taste that makes you want to buy seeds and place the culture in their garden. Fruits can be described by the following parameters and characteristics:
- plum shape, oval,
- color is red, saturated, a little pink,
- weight - from 70 to 150 grams (average value - 115 g),
- fragrant, fleshy, few seeds, moderate juiciness,
- the skin is glossy, does not crack,
- taste with a little sourness.
These tomatoes are versatile for use. Often produced for sale, because it is well tolerated transportation over long distances. Do not crumple at the same time, and do not crack. The high content of dry substances in the composition allows you to make pasta, sauces, thick juice. The flesh is thick, so they are dried and frozen. Good salads, stews with this sort of tomato.
Sun Dried Tomatoes Rio Grande
The yield from the bush with a favorable growth exceeds 4 kilograms. The result of cultivation is in direct proportion to care. With regard to resistance to cold, in cool regions of the tomato planted under the film for the successful development of ovaries.
In addition to growing in greenhouses and open field, tomatoes Rio Grande successfully decorate the balconies. Having compact bushes, they are suitable for design, landscaping, grow safely in flowerpots (pots). Sowing is carried out in containers for the preliminary preparation of seedlings. Before landing on the beds count 2 months (60 days). The process includes the following steps:
- sown in boxes with nutrient soil,
- create greenhouse conditions, covering the container with film,
- watered moderately
- air crops,
- provide sufficient lighting and create temperature conditions
- do a picking (seated in separate pots), it is not necessary to form a bush.
2 or 3 weeks before transferring to the beds, seedlings are hardened by placing boxes on the balcony. For safe fruiting and plant health, you must adhere to the following rules:
- Grand Tomato do not need to plant annually in the same place,
- It is better to place it where cabbage, legumes, and greens grew. But do not plant after pepper or eggplant,
- Requires deeply loosened, very fertile soil,
- Watering should be moderate, timely fertilization is also necessary.
The feeding process is performed in the following steps:
- the first nutrient solution is a diluted mullein, in a ratio of 1 to 5, or bird droppings 1:15,
- after 2 weeks - 25 grams of ammonium nitrate is stirred in a bucket of water, 60 g of superphosphate, 15 g of potassium salt, 1 g of boric acid dissolved in 0.5 l of boiling water are added,
- top dressing № 3 - 30 g. nitre, 40 g. superphosphate, 70 g. of potassium salt,
- 4 and 5 times - make 200 g of wood ash in 10 liters of water.
Top dressing to make 1 liter for each bush. Growing tomatoes correctly, you can get a healthy plant, protected from pests and diseases. Additional prophylaxis against fungi is spraying with phytosporin and other non-toxic biological preparations. By mulching the soil with humus, straw, we get rid of the danger of late blight. Also we air the greenhouse, water it until the top layer of the soil dries out.
Insecticides destroy pests, are used before plants bloom abundantly, and ovaries begin to appear. The ammonia, dissolved in water, will help from slugs by systematic spraying. Aphids use the washing of the stems and leaves with soapy water.
On a note! In warm climates, the variety is planted directly in the ground in May, pitting for seeds. After watering, cover the area with a film.
Tomato Rio Grande: variety description
Tomato Rio Grande is a real classic it is mid-season variety, which the has high yields.
Deterministic type shrub, compact, with a moderate amount of leaves, not needing a pinching and tying. Adult plant reaches 60-70 cm.
On a branch 8-10 forms, ripening goes on throughout the summer, from June to September. Fruits can be collected in the phase of technical or physiological ripeness. Green tomatoes ripen quickly at home.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the main advantages varieties:
- excellent taste of fruits,
- tomatoes are suitable for salads and canning,
- compact low bush does not require tying and pinching,
- Tomatoes are not capricious, they easily put up with small errors in agricultural technology,
- collected fruits are well kept,
- excellent yield, ripening takes place throughout the season.
Virtually no shortcomings. Some gardeners note the lack of juiciness of the fruit compared to large tomatoes, but this trifle is compensated by a very pleasant taste and delicate aroma of ripe tomatoes, which the original Rio Grande tomato variety possesses.
Fruit medium size, weighing 100-115 g. Tomatoes Rio Grande, as shown by the characteristics of the fruit, is very fragrant, fleshy, with a small number of seeds. The color is saturated, red-pink, the shape is oval, plum-like.
The pulp is dense, moderately juicy, sweetish, with a slight sourness and a high content of dry substances. Dense glossy skin perfectly preserves the shape of the fruit, preventing cracking.
Smooth, medium-sized Rio Grande tomatoes, as shown by the characteristics of the fruit and photos, are tomatoes with dense skin and slightly sourish flesh great for canning. They are pickled, salted, dried, included in the vegetable mix.
Rio Grande tomatoes are good in salads and stews, they are suitable for soups, sauces and mashed potatoes. The juice of the fruit is bright red and very thick, before use it is recommended to dilute with water.
Features of growing
Seedlings for seedlings are sown in early or mid March. The soil should be light, loose, consisting of a mixture of sod land and humus. For the destruction of microorganisms and larvae before sowing, the soil should be calcined in the oven or shed with an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate. Disinfection or stimulant treatment is not required before sowing. All the necessary manipulations are made before the seed is on sale.
Sowing of seeds is carried out with a slight deepening, on top of planting sprinkled with a layer of peat. The container is covered with a film optimum temperature for germination - 25 degrees. Watering is not required light enough to spray landings with warm water from a spray. Sprouted seedlings are exposed to bright sunlight, in cloudy weather, plantings light up with electric lamps. After unfolding the first pair of these leaves, young tomatoes dive into separate pots.
After picking, the seedlings are watered with an aqueous solution of a complex mineral fertilizer. Another feeding can be carried out before planting in the ground. Thicken landing is not recommended, on 1 square. m of soil accounts for no more than 4 bushes. The seedlings are moved to the greenhouse at the end of April or the first half of May, in the ground better planted in early Junewhen the soil is completely warm.
In warm regions possible cultivation of Rio Grande in a seedless manner. Seeds are sown in pits, watered with warm water and covered with foil. Such landings are carried out in May, fruiting will begin in 120 days. Compact bushes do not need formation and tying up.
2-3 times per season they need to be fertilized phosphorus-containing complexes or an aqueous solution of bird droppings. Frequent airing of the greenhouse and moderate watering with warm water is recommended. To speed up the ripening in closed ground next to the landings establish tanks with a divorced mullein.
Pests and diseases: how to deal with them
Rio Grande Tomato Variety Enough resistant to major diseases: late blight, mosaic, gray and white rot. For the prevention of viral and fungal diseases it is recommended to change the ground annually in the greenhouse.
For preventive purposes, the ground can be shed with a hot aqueous solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate.
Planning to plant seedlings in open ground, it is better to choose the beds, which grew legumes, cabbage, spicy herbs (parsley, mustard or celery).
It is not necessary to place the tomatoes in areas that occupied solanaceous (peppers or eggplants).
For the prevention of fungal diseases recommended frequent spraying of bushes with phytosporin or other non-toxic bio-drug. To prevent blight will help mulching the soil with straw or humus, airing the greenhouse and moderate watering with the drying of the topsoil.
Insecticides can kill insects., but they can be used only until abundant flowering and formation of ovaries. Bare slugs that often appear in vegetable gardens can be removed by regular spraying with an aqueous solution of ammonia. The soapy water helps to fight with aphids, which gently wash the affected stalks and leaves.
Rio Grande is worth growing those who make the first steps in gardening. Tomatoes Rio Grande original unpretentious, as stated in the description of the variety, they put up with a small agronomic imperfections, easily tolerate heat, lack of moisture and a slight acidification of the soil. Compact bushes will not take up much space in the greenhouse or on garden beds and will surely please with a bountiful harvest.
Tomato Rio Grande original - the description of the variety and the appearance of the tomato are clearly visible on the photo of tomatoes:
More visually see the tomato Rio Grande can be on the video:
Description, pros and cons varieties "Rio Grande"
The variety "Rio Grande" came to us from Holland. Russian gardeners have long fallen in love with him for his unpretentiousness and small tasty fruits. It is planted in the garden, in the greenhouse and even in large vases on the loggia. Tomatoes are middle-ripening. The bush of this variety is relatively low - up to 70 cm in height, therefore it does not require tying. On one branch of a tomato it is fastened and matures up to 10 fruits that can be harvested all summer. The fruits of "Rio Grande" in shape resemble plum. Their weight can reach 150 g, but more often it is 70-100 g.
Council Rio Grande tomatoes can be picked green and allowed to ripen at home. The taste of the fruit will not suffer from this.
- bushes do not need tying or pasynkovanii,
- compact plants do not take up much space in the garden or in the greenhouse,
- Tomatoes easily tolerate drought and lack of moisture,
- the variety can be planted in soil with a low level of acidity,
- fruits are tasty, dense,
- Tomatoes are easy to keep fresh, canned or transported.
The disadvantage of this variety can be called insufficient juiciness of the pulp. But their taste and aroma more than compensate.
Rio Grande Cultivation Rules
- Seedlings of this variety must be sown in early spring. To do this, prepare a light soil of humus and sod land.To rid the soil of possible parasites, you need to process it with a solution of potassium permanganate or calcined in a furnace.
- Seed material should be immersed in the ground for a couple of centimeters. After that, the seeds planted sprinkle with peat. Until the seedlings give the first shoots, it should be covered with a film and kept at a temperature of 25 ° C. When the leaves appear, the pots of the seedlings are placed on a sunny source and sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle. Tomatoes must necessarily dive.
- If tomatoes are grown in a greenhouse, seedlings can be transferred to the soil by the beginning of May. If we are talking about open ground, it is better to wait until the beginning of summer, so that the soil warms up, and there is no risk of frost. On 1 m² no more than 4 bushes are planted.
- The best precursors for tomatoes of this variety are greens, cabbage, legumes. But in the former place of tomatoes, peppers or eggplants, these tomatoes should not be planted.
- Tomatoes of this variety are watered with warm water and fed with mineral fertilizer.
Preventing trouble in the garden
Rio Grande practically does not fear traditional solanaceous diseases such as white and gray rot, late blight. However, in order to prevent possible infection, it is necessary to plant the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulphate before planting. In order to prevent fungal diseases, it is necessary to mulch the beds with humus and straw. You can spray bushes with phytosporin.
Among insects, the enemies of this variety can be called aphid and naked slugs. The first pest is removed using a soap solution. But the second pest is removed by spraying a solution of ammonia.
The variety "Rio Grande" is recommended to plant people who are taking the first steps in the garden business. In its cultivation, you can allow some blemishes and still get a good harvest.
The main characteristics of the variety
Determinant culture is ready to grow both in open ground and in greenhouses, greenhouses. Compact shrubs, reaching a height of sixty to seventy centimeters, have an average amount of foliage. They do not need a garter and pasynkovanie. The entire growing season on the branches of tomatoes Rio Grande tying fruit. Their education ends in the middle - end of July.
Red plum fruits similar to varietal red, can reach a weight of between seventy and one hundred fifty grams. From one bush, when creating favorable conditions, from four kilograms or more of Rio Grande tomato is harvested. A feature of the fruit is the versatility of their use. They are long, until the New Year, can be kept fresh, if collected in a green form. Varietal tomatoes are often grown for sale, as they do not crumple or crack when transported over long distances.
Fruits have a high dry matter content, so they are ideal for making sauces, juice, and pasta. The dense pulp of tomatoes is suitable for freezing, drying.
The peculiarities of the Dutch tomato are that compact bushes can be used in the design of a balcony, a plot, by placing the plant in flowerpots.
Features of sowing and cultivation
If the Rio Grande variety is grown in a seedling way, then the Grande Original can be sown directly into the ground. The optimal term for planting seeds from the beginning to the middle of May. From the methods of sowing choose square-breeding. Up to five to eight seeds are placed in the nest, sealing them to a depth of one to two centimeters. The distance between the sockets should not exceed sixty centimeters. So that spring frosts do not negatively affect the development of seedlings, seeds are chilled. When sprouts appear six days after sowing, they begin to thin out, leaving two or four plants in the hole.
Seedlings are planted on the seedlings sixty days before planting in the open ground. The description of growing tomatoes by seedlings is the same as for all determinants. It includes:
- sowing in boxes with nutrient soil,
- the creation of greenhouse conditions using plastic film that covers the containers,
- moderate watering
- regular airing landings
- creating an appropriate air temperature, adequate lighting,
- pick of shoots.
Before planting, the seedlings are hardened for two to three weeks, carrying containers onto a balcony or veranda.
The yield of tomatoes depends on the careful care of the vegetable crop.
In order for the plant to be healthy, began to bear fruit, it is necessary to follow the rules of crop rotation. Do not plant a Rio Grande tomato in the same place every year. The best predecessor of tomato bushes will be legumes, cabbage, spicy greens. The plant feels comfortable on loose, high-fertile, deeply cultivated soils.
In addition to moderate watering must be made on time fertilizers:
- It is advisable to carry out the first top-dressing using a mullein 1: 5 diluted in water or 1:15 bird droppings.
- After two weeks, ammonium nitrate (25 grams), superphosphate (60 grams), and potassium salt (15 grams) are mixed in a bucket of water. It is necessary to add and boric acid, one gram of which is pre-dissolved in half a liter of boiling water.
- The third top-dressing tomato Rio Grande consists of 30 grams of saltpeter, 40 - superphosphate, 70 - potash salt.
- For the fourth and fifth procedures, two hundred grams of wood ash is taken for ten liters of water.
Under each bush poured one liter of nutrient solution.
Thanks to competent cultivation the plant will be protected from diseases and pests.
Difference between varietal tomatoes and hybrids
Tomatoes similar in name differ in both external features and growing conditions. So the hybrid tomato Rio Sprint F1 is a later ripening species. Tall hybrid suitable for greenhouses. And the description of the variety, its fruits, is different from the Rio Grande. The indeterminant fruits are large, reaching a weight of more than three hundred grams. When buying seeds, you need to understand what they want to receive, what fruits, the purpose of their appointment. If you need small types of Red, Cherry, then choose the grade Rio Grande.
Reviews gardeners on Dutch varietal tomatoes the highest. The fruits may have a thick skin and not very juicy flesh, but for canning they are one of the best. Yes, and persist long fresh.
To understand the variety of varieties lovers tomato difficult. Many names of tomatoes are similar to each other, but differ in many parameters. You need to be careful when buying seeds, and instead of plum-like Rio Grande, you can get yellow Chico.